Browse by Title : W

  • W Stands for Women
    Author(s): Marso, Lori Jo; Ferguson, Michaele L.; Snyder, R. Claire; Zivi, Karen

    Taking seriously the “W Stands for Women” rhetoric of the 2004 Bush–Cheney campaign, the contributors to this collection investigate how “W” stands for women. They argue that George W. Bush has hijacked feminist language toward decidedly antifeminist ends; his use of feminist rhetoric is deeply and problematically connected to a conservative gender ideology. While it is not surprising that conservative views about gender motivate Bush’s stance on so-called “women’s issues” such as abortion, what is surprising—and what this collection demonstrates—is that a conservative gender ideology also underlies a range of policies that do not appear explicitly related to gender, most notably foreign and domestic policies associated with the post-9/11 security state. Any assessment of the lasting consequences of the Bush presidency requires an understanding of the gender conservatism at its core.

    In W Stands for Women ten feminist scholars analyze various aspects of Bush’s persona, language, and policy to show how his administration has shaped a new politics of gender. One contributor points out the shortcomings of “compassionate conservatism,” a political philosophy that requires a weaker class to be the subject of compassion. Another examines Lynndie England’s participation in the abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib in relation to the interrogation practices elaborated in the Army Field Manual, practices that often entail “feminizing” detainees by stripping them of their masculine gender identities. Whether investigating the ways that Bush himself performs masculinity or the problems with discourse that positions non-Western women as supplicants in need of saving, these essays highlight the far-reaching consequences of the Bush administration’s conflation of feminist rhetoric, conservative gender ideology, and neoconservative national security policy.

    Contributors. Andrew Feffer, Michaele L. Ferguson, David S. Gutterman, Mary Hawkesworth, Timothy Kaufman-Osborn, Lori Jo Marso, Danielle Regan, R. Claire Snyder, Iris Marion Young, Karen Zivi

    Michaela Ferguson and Karen Zivi appeared on KPFA’s Against the Grain on September 11, 2007. Listen to the audio.

    Michaela Ferguson and Lori Jo Marso appeared on WUNC’s The State of Things on August 30, 2007. Listen to the audio.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390657
    Publication Date: 2007-08-08
    author-list-text: R. Claire Snyder and Karen Zivi
    1. R. Claire Snyder and
    2. Karen Zivi
    contrib-editor: Lori Jo Marso; Michaele L. Ferguson
    contrib-other: R. Claire Snyder; Karen Zivi
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390657
    illustrations-note: 4 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340645
    isbn-paper: 9780822340423
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Essays that examine the Bush adminstration's deployment of feminist rhetoric and the effects of the administration's policies on women, feminism, and gender roles in the U.S.

    subtitle: How the George W. Bush Presidency Shaped a New Politics of Gender
  • Wall Street Women
    Author(s): Fisher, Melissa S.

    Wall Street Women tells the story of the first generation of women to establish themselves as professionals on Wall Street. Since these women, who began their careers in the 1960s, faced blatant discrimination and barriers to advancement, they created formal and informal associations to bolster one another's careers. In this important historical ethnography, Melissa S. Fisher draws on fieldwork, archival research, and extensive interviews with a very successful cohort of first-generation Wall Street women. She describes their professional and political associations, most notably the Financial Women's Association of New York City and the Women's Campaign Fund, a bipartisan group formed to promote the election of pro-choice women.

    Fisher charts the evolution of the women's careers, the growth of their political and economic clout, changes in their perspectives and the cultural climate on Wall Street, and their experiences of the 2008 financial collapse. While most of the pioneering subjects of Wall Street Women did not participate in the women's movement as it was happening in the 1960s and 1970s, Fisher argues that they did produce a "market feminism" which aligned liberal feminist ideals about meritocracy and gender equity with the logic of the market.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395799
    Publication Date: 2012-06-05
    author-list-text: Melissa S. Fisher
    1. Melissa S. Fisher
    contrib-author: Melissa S. Fisher
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395799
    illustrations-note: 3 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353300
    isbn-paper: 9780822353454
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Wall Street Womenn tells the story of the first generation of women to establish themselves as professionals on Wall Street.

  • Wallowing in Sex
    Author(s): Levine, Elana; Spigel, Lynn

    Passengers disco dancing in The Love Boat’s Acapulco Lounge. A young girl walking by a marquee advertising Deep Throat in the made-for-TV movie Dawn: Portrait of a Teenage Runaway. A frustrated housewife borrowing Orgasm and You from her local library in Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman. Commercial television of the 1970s was awash with references to sex. In the wake of the sexual revolution and the women’s liberation and gay rights movements, significant changes were rippling through American culture. In representing—or not representing—those changes, broadcast television provided a crucial forum through which Americans alternately accepted and contested momentous shifts in sexual mores, identities, and practices.

    Wallowing in Sex is a lively analysis of the key role of commercial television in the new sexual culture of the 1970s. Elana Levine explores sex-themed made-for-TV movies; female sex symbols such as the stars of Charlie’s Angels and Wonder Woman; the innuendo-driven humor of variety shows (The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour, Laugh-In), sitcoms (M*A*S*H, Three’s Company), and game shows (Match Game); and the proliferation of rape plots in daytime soap operas. She also uncovers those sexual topics that were barred from the airwaves. Along with program content, Levine examines the economic motivations of the television industry, the television production process, regulation by the government and the tv industry, and audience responses. She demonstrates that the new sexual culture of 1970s television was a product of negotiation between producers, executives, advertisers, censors, audiences, performers, activists, and many others. Ultimately, 1970s television legitimized some of the sexual revolution’s most significant gains while minimizing its more radical impulses.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389774
    Publication Date: 2006-12-19
    contrib-author: Elana Levine
    contrib-series-editor: Lynn Spigel
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389774
    illustrations-note: 29 b&w photos, 3 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339021
    isbn-paper: 9780822339199
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Console-ing Passions

    A cultural history of sexual content in television shows and TV advertising during the 1970s.

    subtitle: The New Sexual Culture of 1970s American Television
  • Wandering
    Author(s): Cervenak, Sarah Jane

    Combining black feminist theory, philosophy, and performance studies, Sarah Jane Cervenak ruminates on the significance of physical and mental roaming for black freedom. She is particularly interested in the power of wandering or daydreaming for those whose mobility has been under severe constraint, from the slave era to the present. Since the Enlightenment, wandering has been considered dangerous and even criminal when associated with people of color. Cervenak engages artist-philosophers who focus on wayward movement and daydreaming, or mental travel, that transcend state-imposed limitations on physical, geographic movement. From Sojourner Truth's spiritual and physical roaming to the rambling protagonist of Gayl Jones's novel Mosquito, Cervenak highlights modes of wandering that subvert Enlightenment-based protocols of rationality, composure, and upstanding comportment. Turning to the artists Pope.L (William Pope.L), Adrian Piper, and Carrie Mae Weems, Cervenak argues that their work produces an otherworldly movement, an errant kinesis that exceeds locomotive constraints, resisting the straightening-out processes of post-Enlightenment, white-supremacist, capitalist, sexist, and heteronormative modernity. Their roaming animates another terrain, one where free, black movement is not necessarily connected to that which can be seen, touched, known, and materially valued.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376347
    Publication Date: 2014-08-18
    author-list-text: Sarah Jane Cervenak
    1. Sarah Jane Cervenak
    contrib-author: Sarah Jane Cervenak
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376347
    illustrations-note: 10 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357155
    isbn-paper: 9780822357278
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Ruminating on the significance of physical and mental roaming in relation to black freedom, Sarah Jane Cervenak emphasizes the power of wandering and daydreaming for those whose mobility is severely constrained. From Sojourner Truth's spiritual and physical journeys to the rambling protagonist of Gayl Jones's novel Mosquito, Cervenak highlights modes of wandering that subvert Enlightenment-based protocols of rationality, composure, and upstanding comportment.

    subtitle: Philosophical Performances of Racial and Sexual Freedom
  • Wandering Paysanos
    Author(s): Salvatore, Ricardo D.

    A pioneering examination of the experiences of peasants and peons, or paysanos, in the Buenos Aires province during Juan Manuel de Rosas’s regime (1829–1852), Wandering Paysanos is one of the first studies to consider Argentina’s history from a subalternist perspective. The distinguished Argentine historian Ricardo D. Salvatore situates the paysanos as mobile job seekers within an expanding, competitive economy as he highlights the points of contention between the peasants and the state: questions of military service, patriotism, crime, and punishment. He argues that only through a reconstruction of the different subjectivities of paysanos—as workers, citizens, soldiers, and family members—can a new understanding of postindependence Argentina be achieved.

    Drawing extensively on judicial and military records, Salvatore reveals the state’s files on individual prisoners and recruits to be surprisingly full of personal stories directly solicited from paysanos. While consistently attentive to the fragmented and mediated nature of these archival sources, he chronicles how peons and peasants spoke to power figures—judges, police officers, and military chiefs—about issues central to their lives and to the emerging nation. They described their families and their wanderings across the countryside in search of salaried work, memories and impressions of the civil wars, and involvement with the Federalist armies. Their lamentations about unpaid labor, disrespectful government officials, the meaning of poverty, and the dignity of work provide vital insights into the contested nature of the formation of the Argentine Confederation. Wandering Paysanos discloses a complex world until now obscured—that of rural Argentine subalterns confronting the state.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384731
    Publication Date: 2003-06-24
    author-list-text: Ricardo D. Salvatore
    1. Ricardo D. Salvatore
    contrib-author: Ricardo D. Salvatore
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384731
    illustrations-note: 28 illus., 22 tables, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330868
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Provides a radically new interpretation of postcolonial Argentinian history, showing how marginalized groups used the resources of the market and state to avoid economic exploitation and government domination.

    subtitle: State Order and Subaltern Experience in Buenos Aires during the Rosas Era
  • Wandering Peoples
    Author(s): Radding, Cynthia

    Wandering Peoples is a chronicle of cultural resiliency, colonial relations, and trespassed frontiers in the borderlands of a changing Spanish empire. Focusing on the native subjects of Sonora in Northwestern Mexico, Cynthia Radding explores the social process of peasant class formation and the cultural persistence of Indian communities during the long transitional period between Spanish colonialism and Mexican national rule. Throughout this anthropological history, Radding presents multilayered meanings of culture, community, and ecology, and discusses both the colonial policies to which peasant communities were subjected and the responses they developed to adapt and resist them.

    Radding describes this colonial mission not merely as an instance of Iberian expansion but as a site of cultural and political confrontation. This alternative vision of colonialism emphasizes the economic links between mission communities and Spanish mercantilist policies, the biological consequences of the Spanish policy of forced congregación, and the cultural and ecological displacements set in motion by the practices of discipline and surveillance established by the religious orders. Addressing wider issues pertaining to ethnic identities and to ecological and cultural borders, Radding’s analysis also underscores the parallel production of colonial and subaltern texts during the course of a 150-year struggle for power and survival.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822398943
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Cynthia Radding
    1. Cynthia Radding
    contrib-author: Cynthia Radding
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822398943
    illustrations-note: 6 illustrations, 5 maps, 4 graphs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319078
    isbn-paper: 9780822318996
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America otherwise
    subtitle: Colonialism, Ethnic Spaces, and Ecological Frontiers in Northwestern Mexico, 1700–1850
  • War by Other Means
    Author(s): McAllister, Carlota; Nelson, Diane M.

    Between 1960 and 1996, Guatemala's civil war claimed 250,000 lives and displaced one million people. Since the peace accords, Guatemala has struggled to address the legacy of war, genocidal violence against the Maya, and the dismantling of alternative projects for the future. War by Other Means brings together new essays by leading scholars of Guatemala from a range of geographical backgrounds and disciplinary perspectives.

    Contributors consider a wide range of issues confronting present-day Guatemala: returning refugees, land reform, gang violence, neoliberal economic restructuring, indigenous and women's rights, complex race relations, the politics of memory, and the challenges of sustaining hope. From a sweeping account of Guatemalan elites' centuries-long use of violence to suppress dissent to studies of intimate experiences of complicity and contestation in richly drawn localities, War by Other Means provides a nuanced reckoning of the injustices that made genocide possible and the ongoing attempts to overcome them.

    Contributors. Santiago Bastos, Jennifer Burrell, Manuela Camus, Matilde González-Izás, Jorge Ramón González Ponciano, Greg Grandin, Paul Kobrak, Deborah T. Levenson, Carlota McAllister, Diane M. Nelson, Elizabeth Oglesby, Luis Solano, Irmalicia Velásquez Nimatuj, Paula Worby

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377405
    Publication Date: 2013-08-28
    contrib-editor: Carlota McAllister; Diane M. Nelson
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377405
    illustrations-note: 23 photographs, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354932
    isbn-paper: 9780822355090
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In this collection of essays, leading scholars based throughout the Americas examine postwar Guatemalan society from varied perspectives, including those of ethnography, history, geography, politics, and economics.

    subtitle: Aftermath in Post-Genocide Guatemala
  • War on War
    Author(s): Nation, R. Craig

    The outbreak of World War I precipitated a schism in the international socialist movement that endures today. Heeding calls for "rational defense," the leading European socialist democratic parties abandoned their vision of peace and internationalism as an integral part of the struggle for social justice and set aside their view of interstate war as the clearest example of the irrational essence of competitive capitalism. Only the Zimmerwald Left, led by Lenin, continued to speak out for internationalism. R. Craig Nation utilizes sources in Dutch, French, German, Italian, Russian, and Swedish to provide the first comprehensive history of the Zimmerwald Left as an international political tendency.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381563
    Publication Date: 1989-10-12
    author-list-text: R. Craig Nation
    1. R. Craig Nation
    contrib-author: R. Craig Nation
    copyright-year: 1989
    eisbn: 9780822381563
    isbn-cloth: 9780822309444
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    The outbreak of World War I precipitated a schism in the international socialist movement that endures today. Heeding calls for “rational defense,” the leading European socialist democratic parties abandoned their vision of peace and internationalism as an integral part of the struggle for social justice and set aside their view of interstate war as the clearest example of the irrational essence of competitive capitalism. Only the Zimmerwald Left, led by Lenin, continued to speak out for internationalism. R. Craig Nation utilizes sources in Dutch, French, German, Italian, Russian, and Swedish to provide the first comprehensive history of the Zimmerwald Left as an international political tendency.

    subtitle: Lenin, the Zimmerwald Left, and the Origins of Communist Internationalism
  • Warfare in the American Homeland
    Author(s): James, Joy; Wilderson III, Frank B.; Rodriguez, Dylan; Waha, Dhoruba Bin

    The United States has more than two million people locked away in federal, state, and local prisons. Although most of the U.S. population is non-Hispanic and white, the vast majority of the incarcerated—and policed—is not. In this compelling collection, scholars, activists, and current and former prisoners examine the sensibilities that enable a penal democracy to thrive. Some pieces are new to this volume; others are classic critiques of U.S. state power. Through biography, diary entries, and criticism, the contributors collectively assert that the United States wages war against enemies abroad and against its own people at home.

    Contributors consider the interning or policing of citizens of color, the activism of radicals, structural racism, destruction and death in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina, and the FBI Counterintelligence Program designed to quash domestic dissent. Among the first-person accounts are an interview with Dhoruba Bin Wahad, a Black Panther and former political prisoner; a portrayal of life in prison by a Plowshares nun jailed for her antinuclear and antiwar activism; a discussion of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement by one of its members, now serving a seventy-year prison sentence for sedition; and an excerpt from a 1970 letter by the Black Panther George Jackson chronicling the abuses of inmates in California’s Soledad Prison. Warfare in the American Homeland also includes the first English translation of an excerpt from a pamphlet by Michel Foucault and others. They argue that the 1971 shooting of George Jackson by prison guards was a murder premeditated in response to human-rights and justice organizing by black and brown prisoners and their supporters.

    Contributors. Hishaam Aidi, Dhoruba Bin Wahad (Richard Moore), Marilyn Buck, Marshall Eddie Conway, Susie Day, Daniel Defert, Madeleine Dwertman, Michel Foucault, Carol Gilbert, Sirène Harb, Rose Heyer, George Jackson, Joy James, Manning Marable, William F. Pinar, Oscar Lòpez Rivera, Dylan Rodríguez, Jared Sexton, Catherine vön Bulow, Laura Whitehorn, Frank B. Wilderson III

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389743
    Publication Date: 2007-06-29
    author-list-text: Frank B. Wilderson III, Dylan Rodriguez and Dhoruba Bin Waha
    1. Frank B. Wilderson III,
    2. Dylan Rodriguez and
    3. Dhoruba Bin Waha
    contrib-editor: Joy James
    contrib-other: Frank B. Wilderson III; Dylan Rodriguez; Dhoruba Bin Waha
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389743
    illustrations-note: 1 map, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339090
    isbn-paper: 9780822339236
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A collection of writings by prisoners and scholars that documents the extension of the violence and the repression of the prison establishment into the larger society.

    subtitle: Policing and Prison in a Penal Democracy
  • Warring Souls
    Author(s): Varzi, Roxanne

    With the first Fulbright grant for research in Iran to be awarded since the Iranian revolution in 1979, Roxanne Varzi returned to the country her family left before the Iran-Iraq war. Drawing on ethnographic research she conducted in Tehran between 1991 and 2000, she provides an eloquent account of the beliefs and experiences of young, middle-class, urban Iranians. As the first generation to have come of age entirely in the period since the founding of the Islamic Republic of Iran, twenty-something Iranians comprise a vital index of the success of the nation’s Islamic Revolution. Varzi describes how, since 1979, the Iranian state has attempted to produce and enforce an Islamic public sphere by governing behavior and by manipulating images—particularly images related to religious martyrdom and the bloody war with Iraq during the 1980s—through films, murals, and television shows. Yet many of the young Iranians Varzi studied quietly resist the government’s conflation of religious faith and political identity.

    Highlighting trends that belie the government’s claim that Islamic values have taken hold—including rising rates of suicide, drug use, and sex outside of marriage—Varzi argues that by concentrating on images and the performance of proper behavior, the government’s campaign to produce model Islamic citizens has affected only the appearance of religious orthodoxy, and that the strictly religious public sphere is partly a mirage masking a profound crisis of faith among many Iranians. Warring Souls is a powerful account of contemporary Iran made more vivid by Varzi’s inclusion of excerpts from the diaries she maintained during her research and from journal entries written by Iranian university students with whom she formed a study group.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388036
    Publication Date: 2006-05-10
    author-list-text: Roxanne Varzi
    1. Roxanne Varzi
    contrib-author: Roxanne Varzi
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388036
    illustrations-note: 24 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337096
    isbn-paper: 9780822337218
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    An ethnography of secular youth culture in Tehran and its resistance to post-Revolutionary Islamicist politics.

    subtitle: Youth, Media, and Martyrdom in Post-Revolution Iran
  • Watching Jim Crow
    Author(s): Classen, Steven D.; Spigel, Lynn

    In the early 1960s, whenever the Today Show discussed integration, wlbt-tv, the nbc affiliate in Jackson, Mississippi, cut away to local news after announcing that the Today Show content was “network news . . . represent[ing] the views of the northern press.” This was only one part of a larger effort by wlbt and other local stations to keep African Americans and integrationists off Jackson’s television screens. Watching Jim Crow presents the vivid story of the successful struggles of African Americans to achieve representation in the tv programming of Jackson, a city many considered one of the strongest bastions of Jim Crow segregation. Steven D. Classen provides a detailed social history of media activism and communications policy during the civil rights era. He focuses on the years between 1955—when Medgar Evers and the naacp began urging the two local stations, wlbt and wjtv, to stop censoring African Americans and discussions of integration—and 1969, when the U.S. Court of Appeals issued a landmark decision denying wlbt renewal of its operating license.

    During the 1990s, Classen conducted extensive interviews with more than two dozen African Americans living in Jackson, several of whom, decades earlier, had fought to integrate television programming. He draws on these interviews not only to illuminate their perceptions—of the civil rights movement, what they accomplished, and the present as compared with the past—but also to reveal the inadequate representation of their viewpoints in the legal proceedings surrounding wlbt’s licensing. The story told in Watching Jim Crow has significant implications today, not least because the Telecommunications Act of 1996 effectively undid many of the hard-won reforms achieved by activists—including those whose stories Classen relates here.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385424
    Publication Date: 2004-02-20
    author-list-text: Steven D. Classen and Lynn Spigel
    1. Steven D. Classen and
    2. Lynn Spigel
    contrib-author: Steven D. Classen
    contrib-series-editor: Lynn Spigel
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385424
    illustrations-note: 8 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333296
    isbn-paper: 9780822333418
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Console-ing Passions

    A critical examination of racial discrimination in television broadcasting during the civil rights era.

    subtitle: The Struggles over Mississippi TV, 1955–1969
  • Watering the Revolution
    Author(s): Wolfe, Mikael D.

    In Watering the Revolution Mikael D. Wolfe transforms our understanding of Mexican agrarian reform through an environmental and technological history of water management in the emblematic Laguna region. Drawing on extensive archival research in Mexico and the United States, Wolfe shows how during the long Mexican Revolution (1910-1940) engineers’ distribution of water paradoxically undermined land distribution. In so doing, he highlights the intrinsic tension engineers faced between the urgent need for water conservation and the imperative for development during the contentious modernization of the Laguna's existing flood irrigation method into one regulated by high dams, concrete-lined canals, and motorized groundwater pumps. This tension generally resolved in favor of development, which unintentionally diminished and contaminated the water supply while deepening existing rural social inequalities by dividing people into water haves and have-nots, regardless of their access to land. By uncovering the varied motivations behind the Mexican government’s decision to use invasive and damaging technologies despite knowing they were ecologically unsustainable, Wolfe tells a cautionary tale of the long-term consequences of short-sighted development policies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373063
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    author-list-text: Mikael D. Wolfe
    1. Mikael D. Wolfe
    contrib-author: Mikael D. Wolfe
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373063
    illustrations-note: 26 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363590
    isbn-paper: 9780822363743
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Mikael D. Wolfe transforms our understanding of the Mexican revolution and agrarian reform through an environmental and technological history of water management in the emblematic Laguna region, showing how the contested modernization of the region's irrigation network unintentionally contaminated the water supply, deepened social inequality, and undermined reform efforts.

    subtitle: An Environmental and Technological History of Agrarian Reform in Mexico
  • Waves of Decolonization
    Author(s): Luis-Brown, David; Pease, Donald E.

    In Waves of Decolonization, David Luis-Brown reveals how between the 1880s and the 1930s, writer-activists in Cuba, Mexico, and the United States developed narratives and theories of decolonization, of full freedom and equality in the shadow of empire. They did so decades before the decolonization of Africa and Asia in the mid-twentieth century. Analyzing the work of nationalist leaders, novelists, and social scientists, including W. E. B. Du Bois, José Martí, Claude McKay, Luis-Brown brings together an array of thinkers who linked local struggles against racial oppression and imperialism to similar struggles in other nations. With discourses and practices of hemispheric citizenship, writers in the Americas broadened conventional conceptions of rights to redress their loss under the expanding United States empire. In focusing on the transnational production of the national in the wake of U.S. imperialism, Luis-Brown emphasizes the need for expanding the linguistic and national boundaries of U.S. American culture and history.

    Luis-Brown traces unfolding narratives of decolonization across a broad range of texts. He explores how Martí and Du Bois, known as the founders of Cuban and black nationalisms, came to develop anticolonial discourses that cut across racial and national divides. He illuminates how cross-fertilizations among the Harlem Renaissance, Mexican indigenismo, and Cuban negrismo in the 1920s contributed to broader efforts to keep pace with transformations unleashed by ongoing conflicts over imperialism, and he considers how those transformations were explored in novels by McKay of Jamaica, Jesús Masdeu of Cuba, and Miguel Ángel Menéndez of Mexico. Focusing on ethnography’s uneven contributions to decolonization, he investigates how Manuel Gamio, a Mexican anthropologist, and Zora Neale Hurston each adapted metropolitan social science for use by writers from the racialized periphery.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391463
    Publication Date: 2008-09-15
    author-list-text: David Luis-Brown and Donald E. Pease
    1. David Luis-Brown and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: David Luis-Brown
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822391463
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343653
    isbn-paper: 9780822343660
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists

    Explores why author-activists in the United States, Cuba, and Mexico defined their local struggles in relation to broader hemispheric and diasporic movements against imperialism and racial oppression.

    subtitle: Discourses of Race and Hemispheric Citizenship in Cuba, Mexico, and the United States
  • Waves of Knowing
    Author(s): Ingersoll, Karin Amimoto

    In Waves of Knowing Karin Amimoto Ingersoll marks a critical turn away from land-based geographies to center the ocean as place. Developing the concept of seascape epistemology, she articulates an indigenous Hawaiian way of knowing founded on a sensorial, intellectual, and embodied literacy of the ocean. As the source from which Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiians) draw their essence and identity, the sea is foundational to Kanaka epistemology and ontology. Analyzing oral histories, chants, artwork, poetry, and her experience as a surfer, Ingersoll shows how this connection to the sea has been crucial to resisting two centuries of colonialism, militarism, and tourism. In today's neocolonial context—where continued occupation and surf tourism marginalize indigenous Hawaiians—seascape epistemology as expressed by traditional cultural practices such as surfing, fishing, and navigating provides the tools for generating an alternative indigenous politics and ethics. In relocating Hawaiian identity back to the waves, currents, winds, and clouds, Ingersoll presents a theoretical alternative to land-centric viewpoints that still dominate studies of place-making and indigenous epistemology.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373803
    Publication Date: 2016-10-14
    author-list-text: Karin Amimoto Ingersoll
    1. Karin Amimoto Ingersoll
    contrib-author: Karin Amimoto Ingersoll
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373803
    illustrations-note: 12 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362128
    isbn-paper: 9780822362340
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Karin Amimoto Ingersoll uses her concept of seascape epistemology to articulate an indigenous Hawaiian way of knowing founded on a sensorial, intellectual, and embodied literacy of the ocean that can provide the means for generating an alternative indigenous politics and ethics.

    subtitle: A Seascape Epistemology
  • Wayward Reproductions
    Author(s): Weinbaum, Alys Eve; Grewal, Inderpal; Kaplan, Caren; Wiegman, Robyn

    Wayward Reproductions breaks apart and transfigures prevailing understandings of the interconnection among ideologies of racism, nationalism, and imperialism. Alys Eve Weinbaum demonstrates how these ideologies were founded in large part on what she calls “the race/reproduction bind”––the notion that race is something that is biologically reproduced. In revealing the centrality of ideas about women’s reproductive capacity to modernity’s intellectual foundations, Weinbaum highlights the role that these ideas have played in naturalizing oppression. She argues that attention to how the race/reproduction bind is perpetuated across national and disciplinary boundaries is a necessary part of efforts to combat racism.

    Gracefully traversing a wide range of discourses––including literature, evolutionary theory, early anthropology, Marxism, feminism, and psychoanalysis––Weinbaum traces a genealogy of the race/reproduction bind within key intellectual formations of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. She examines two major theorists of genealogical thinking—Friedrich Nietzsche and Michel Foucault—and unearths the unacknowledged ways their formulations link race and reproduction. She explores notions of kinship and the replication of racial difference that run through Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s work; Marxist thinking based on Friedrich Engel’s The Origin of the Family; Charles Darwin’s theory of sexual selection; and Sigmund Freud’s early studies on hysteria. She also describes W. E. B. Du Bois’s efforts to transcend ideas about the reproduction of race that underwrite citizenship and belonging within the United States. In a coda, Weinbaum brings the foregoing analysis to bear on recent genomic and biotechnological innovations.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385820
    Publication Date: 2004-06-02
    author-list-text: Alys Eve Weinbaum, Inderpal Grewal, Caren Kaplan and Robyn Wiegman
    1. Alys Eve Weinbaum,
    2. Inderpal Grewal,
    3. Caren Kaplan and
    4. Robyn Wiegman
    contrib-author: Alys Eve Weinbaum
    contrib-series-editor: Inderpal Grewal; Caren Kaplan; Robyn Wiegman
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385820
    illustrations-note: 3 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333036
    isbn-paper: 9780822333159
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Next Wave: New Directions in Women's Studies

    An interpretive history of the way competing ideas of reproduction as a biological and sexual process became central to the organization of knowledge about the flow of capital, labor power, human bodies, and babies both within nations and across national

    subtitle: Genealogies of Race and Nation in Transatlantic Modern Thought
  • We Are All Equal
    Author(s): Levinson, Bradley U.

    We Are All Equal is the first full-length ethnography of a Mexican secondary school available in English. Bradley A. U. Levinson observes student life at a provincial Mexican junior high, often drawing on poignant and illuminating interviews, to study how the the school’s powerful emphasis on equality, solidarity, and group unity dissuades the formation of polarized peer groups and affects students’ eventual life trajectories.

    Exploring how students develop a cultural “game of equality” that enables them to identify—across typical class and social boundaries—with their peers, the school, and the nation, Levinson considers such issues as the organizational and discursive resources that students draw on to maintain this culture. He also engages cultural studies, media studies, and globalization theory to examine the impact of television, music, and homelife on the students and thereby better comprehend—and problematize—the educational project of the state. Finding that an ethic of solidarity is sometimes used to condemn students defined as different or uncooperative and that little attention is paid to accommodating the varied backgrounds of the students—including their connection to indigenous, peasant, or working class identities—Levinson reveals that their “schooled identity” often collapses in the context of migration to the United States or economic crisis in Mexico. Finally, he extends his study to trace whether the cultural game is reinforced or eroded after graduation as well as its influence relative to the forces of family, traditional gender roles, church, and global youth culture.

    We Are All Equal will be of particular interest to educators, sociologists, Latin Americanists, and anthropologists.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381075
    Publication Date: 2001-06-21
    author-list-text: Bradley U. Levinson
    1. Bradley U. Levinson
    contrib-author: Bradley U. Levinson
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822381075
    illustrations-note: 15 b&w photographs, 6 tables, 3 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327004
    isbn-paper: 9780822326991
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    An ethnographic study of a Mexican secondary school, showing how Mexican youth appropriate state discourse about equality to construct individual identity.

    subtitle: Student Culture and Identity at a Mexican Secondary School, 1988–1998
  • We Are Left without a Father Here
    Author(s): Findlay, Eileen J. Suárez

    We Are Left without a Father Here is a transnational history of working people's struggles and a gendered analysis of populism and colonialism in mid-twentieth-century Puerto Rico. At its core are the thousands of agricultural workers who, at the behest of the Puerto Rican government, migrated to Michigan in 1950 to work in the state's sugar beet fields. The men expected to earn enough income to finally become successful breadwinners and fathers. To their dismay, the men encountered abysmal working conditions and pay. The migrant workers in Michigan and their wives in Puerto Rico soon exploded in protest. Chronicling the protests, the surprising alliances that they created, and the Puerto Rican government's response, Eileen J. Suárez Findlay explains that notions of fatherhood and domesticity were central to Puerto Rican populist politics. Patriarchal ideals shaped citizens' understandings of themselves, their relationship to Puerto Rican leaders and the state, as well as the meanings they ascribed to U.S. colonialism. Findlay argues that the motivations and strategies for transnational labor migrations, colonial policies, and worker solidarities are all deeply gendered.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376118
    Publication Date: 2014-12-03
    author-list-text: Eileen J. Suárez Findlay
    1. Eileen J. Suárez Findlay
    contrib-author: Eileen J. Suárez Findlay
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376118
    illustrations-note: 39 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357667
    isbn-paper: 9780822357827
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions

    A transnational history of working people's struggles and a gendered analysis of populism and colonialism in mid-twentieth-century Puerto Rico. At its core are the thousands of agricultural workers who, at the behest of the Puerto Rican government, migrated to Michigan in 1950 to work in the state's sugar beet fields.

    subtitle: Masculinity, Domesticity, and Migration in Postwar Puerto Rico
  • We Are the Face of Oaxaca
    Author(s): Stephen, Lynn

    A massive uprising against the Mexican state of Oaxaca began with the emergence of the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO) in June 2006. A coalition of more than 300 organizations, APPO disrupted the functions of Oaxaca's government for six months. It began to develop an inclusive and participatory political vision for the state. Testimonials were broadcast on radio and television stations appropriated by APPO, shared at public demonstrations, debated in homes and in the streets, and disseminated around the world via the Internet.

    The movement was met with violent repression. Participants were imprisoned, tortured, and even killed. Lynn Stephen emphasizes the crucial role of testimony in human rights work, indigenous cultural history, community and indigenous radio, and women's articulation of their rights to speak and be heard. She also explores transborder support for APPO, particularly among Oaxacan immigrants in Los Angeles. The book is supplemented by a website featuring video testimonials, pictures, documents, and a timeline of key events.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377504
    Publication Date: 2013-09-25
    author-list-text: Lynn Stephen
    1. Lynn Stephen
    contrib-author: Lynn Stephen
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377504
    illustrations-note: 26 photographs, 1 table, 4 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355199
    isbn-paper: 9780822355342
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Lynn Stephen uses the Oaxaca social movement of 2006 to illustrate how oral testimony is central to rights-claiming, participatory democracy, knowledge creation, and the production of new political subjects in contemporary social movements.

    subtitle: Testimony and Social Movements
  • We Cannot Remain Silent
    Author(s): Green, James; Walkowitz, Daniel J.

    In 1964, Brazil’s democratically elected, left-wing government was ousted in a coup and replaced by a military junta. The Johnson administration quickly recognized the new government. The U.S. press and members of Congress were nearly unanimous in their support of the “revolution” and the coup leaders’ anticommunist agenda. Few Americans were aware of the human rights abuses perpetrated by Brazil’s new regime. By 1969, a small group of academics, clergy, Brazilian exiles, and political activists had begun to educate the American public about the violent repression in Brazil and mobilize opposition to the dictatorship. By 1974, most informed political activists in the United States associated the Brazilian government with its torture chambers. In We Cannot Remain Silent, James N. Green analyzes the U.S. grassroots activities against torture in Brazil, and the ways those efforts helped to create a new discourse about human-rights violations in Latin America. He explains how the campaign against Brazil’s dictatorship laid the groundwork for subsequent U.S. movements against human rights abuses in Chile, Uruguay, Argentina, and Central America.

    Green interviewed many of the activists who educated journalists, government officials, and the public about the abuses taking place under the Brazilian dictatorship. Drawing on those interviews and archival research from Brazil and the United States, he describes the creation of a network of activists with international connections, the documentation of systematic torture and repression, and the cultivation of Congressional allies and the press. Those efforts helped to expose the terror of the dictatorship and undermine U.S. support for the regime. Against the background of the political and social changes of the 1960s and 1970s, Green tells the story of a decentralized, international grassroots movement that effectively challenged U.S. foreign policy.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391784
    Publication Date: 2010-06-11
    author-list-text: James Green and Daniel J. Walkowitz
    1. James Green and
    2. Daniel J. Walkowitz
    contrib-author: James Green
    contrib-series-editor: Daniel J. Walkowitz
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391784
    illustrations-note: 24 photographs, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347170
    isbn-paper: 9780822347354
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical Perspectives

    A history of the U.S. grassroots campaign against torture in Brazil, and the ways those efforts helped to create a new discourse about human-rights violations in Latin America.

    subtitle: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States
  • We Created Chávez
    Author(s): Ciccariello-Maher, George

    Since being elected president in 1998, Hugo Chávez has become the face of contemporary Venezuela and, more broadly, anticapitalist revolution. George Ciccariello-Maher contends that this focus on Chávez has obscured the inner dynamics and historical development of the country’s Bolivarian Revolution. In We Created Chávez, by examining social movements and revolutionary groups active before and during the Chávez era, Ciccariello-Maher provides a broader, more nuanced account of Chávez’s rise to power and the years of activism that preceded it.

    Based on interviews with grassroots organizers, former guerrillas, members of neighborhood militias, and government officials, Ciccariello-Maher presents a new history of Venezuelan political activism, one told from below. Led by leftist guerrillas, women, Afro-Venezuelans, indigenous people, and students, the social movements he discusses have been struggling against corruption and repression since 1958. Ciccariello-Maher pays particular attention to the dynamic interplay between the Chávez government, revolutionary social movements, and the Venezuelan people, recasting the Bolivarian Revolution as a long-term and multifaceted process of political transformation.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378938
    Publication Date: 2013-03-30
    author-list-text: George Ciccariello-Maher
    1. George Ciccariello-Maher
    contrib-author: George Ciccariello-Maher
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822378938
    illustrations-note: 17 photographs, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354390
    isbn-paper: 9780822354529
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    This history of Venezuelan politics from below tells how militants, students, women, Afro-indigeneous peoples, and the working-class brought about Venezuela's Bolivarian Revolution and, ultimately, brought Hugo Chávez to power.

    subtitle: A People’s History of the Venezuelan Revolution
  • We Dream Together
    Author(s): Eller, Anne

    In We Dream Together Anne Eller breaks with dominant narratives of conflict between the Dominican Republic and Haiti by tracing the complicated history of Dominican emancipation and independence between 1822 and 1865. Eller moves beyond the small body of writing by Dominican elites that often narrates Dominican nationhood to craft inclusive, popular histories of identity, community, and freedom, summoning sources that range from trial records and consul reports to poetry and song. Rethinking Dominican relationships with their communities, the national project, and the greater Caribbean, Eller shows how popular anticolonial resistance was anchored in a rich and complex political culture. Haitians and Dominicans fostered a common commitment to Caribbean freedom, the abolition of slavery, and popular democracy, often well beyond the reach of the state. By showing how the island's political roots are deeply entwined, and by contextualizing this history within the wider Atlantic world, Eller demonstrates the centrality of Dominican anticolonial struggles for understanding independence and emancipation throughout the Caribbean and the Americas. 


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373766
    Publication Date: 2016-11-18
    author-list-text: Anne Eller
    1. Anne Eller
    contrib-author: Anne Eller
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373766
    illustrations-note: 11 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362173
    isbn-paper: 9780822362371
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In this thorough social and political history Anne Eller breaks with dominant narratives of the history of the Dominican Republic and its relationship with Haiti by tracing the complicated history of its independence between 1822 and 1865, showing how the Dominican Republic's political roots are deeply entwined with Haiti's.

    subtitle: Dominican Independence, Haiti, and the Fight for Caribbean Freedom
  • We Were the People
    Author(s): Philipsen, Dirk

    On the night of November 9, 1989, an electrified world watched as the Berlin Wall came down. Communism was dead, the Cold War was over, and freedom was on the rise—or so it seemed. We Were the Peopl e tells the story behind this momentous event. In an extraordinary series of interviews, the key actors in the drama that transformed East Germany speak for themselves, describing what they did, what happened and why, and what it has meant to them. The result is a powerful firsthand account of a rare historical moment, one that reverberates far beyond the toppled wall that once divided Germany and the world.

    The drama We Were the People recreates is remarkable for its richness and complexity. Here are citizens organizing despite threats of bloody crackdowns; party functionaries desperately trying to survive as time-honored political prerogatives crumble beneath their feet; an oppressed people discovering the possibilities of power and freedom, but also the sobering strangeness of new political realities. With their success, East Germans encountered the overpowering might of thie Western neighbor--and stand perplexed before the onslaught of real estate agents, glossy consumer ads, political professionalism--and the discovery that a lifetime of social experience has suddenly lost all usable context. They became, in the words of one participant, a people "without biography."

    Over all the recent events and unlikely turns recounted here, one thing remains paramount: the sweep of the initial democratic conception that animated the East German revolution. We Were the People brings this movement to life in all its drama and detail, and vividly recovers a historic moment that altered forever the shape of modern Europe.

    Some Voices of the PeopleBärbel Bohley/ "Mother of the Revolution"

    Rainer Eppelmann/ Protestant Pastor

    Klaus Kaden/ Church Emissary to the Opposition

    Hans Modrow/ Former Communist Prime Minister

    Ludwig Mehlhorn/ Opposition Theorist

    Ingrid Köppe/ Opposition Representative

    Frank Eigenfeld/ New Forum

    Harald Wagner/ Democracy Now

    Sebastian Pflugbeil/ Democratic Strategist

    East German Workers

    Cornelia Matzke/ Independent Women's Alliance

    André Brie/ Party Vice-Chairman

    Gerhard Ruden/ Environmental Activist

    Werner Bramke/ Party Academic

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381754
    Publication Date: 1992-10-13
    author-list-text: Dirk Philipsen
    1. Dirk Philipsen
    contrib-author: Dirk Philipsen
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822381754
    isbn-cloth: 9780822312826
    isbn-paper: 9780822312949
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    On the night of November 9, 1989, an electrified world watched as the Berlin Wall came down. Communism was dead, the Cold War was over, and freedom was on the rise—or so it seemed. We Were the People tells the story behind this momentous event. In an extraordinary series of interviews, the key actors in the drama that transformed East Germany speak for themselves, describing what they did, what happened and why, and what it has meant to them. The result is a powerful firsthand account of a rare historical moment, one that reverberates far beyond the toppled wall that once divided Germany and the world.

    The drama We Were the People recreates is remarkable for its richness and complexity. Here are citizens organizing despite threats of bloody crackdowns; party functionaries desperately trying to survive as time-honored political prerogatives crumble beneath their feet; an oppressed people discovering the possibilities of power and freedom, but also the sobering strangeness of new political realities. With their success, East Germans encountered the overpowering might of thie Western neighbor--and stand perplexed before the onslaught of real estate agents, glossy consumer ads, political professionalism--and the discovery that a lifetime of social experience has suddenly lost all usable context. They became, in the words of one participant, a people "without biography."

    Over all the recent events and unlikely turns recounted here, one thing remains paramount: the sweep of the initial democratic conception that animated the East German revolution. We Were the People brings this movement to life in all its drama and detail, and vividly recovers a historic moment that altered forever the shape of modern Europe.

    Some Voices of the People

    Bärbel Bohley/ "Mother of the Revolution"

    Rainer Eppelmann/ Protestant Pastor

    Klaus Kaden/ Church Emissary to the Opposition

    Hans Modrow/ Former Communist Prime Minister

    Ludwig Mehlhorn/ Opposition Theorist

    Ingrid Köppe/ Opposition Representative

    Frank Eigenfeld/ New Forum

    Harald Wagner/ Democracy Now

    Sebastian Pflugbeil/ Democratic Strategist

    East German Workers

    Cornelia Matzke/ Independent Women's Alliance

    André Brie/ Party Vice-Chairman

    Gerhard Ruden/ Environmental Activist

    Werner Bramke/ Party Academic

    subtitle: Voices from East Germany’s Revolutionary Autumn of 1989
  • Wedded to the Land?
    Author(s): Layoun, Mary N.; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric

    In Wedded to the Land? Mary N. Layoun offers a critical commentary on the idea of nationalism in general and on specific attempts to formulate alternatives to the concept in particular. Narratives surrounding three geographically and temporally different national crises form the center of her study: Greek refugees’ displacement from Asia Minor into Greece in 1922, the 1974 right-wing Cypriot coup and subsequent Turkish invasion of Cyprus, and the Palestinian and PLO expulsion from Beirut following the Israeli invasion in 1982.

    Drawing on readings of literature and of official documents and decrees, songs, poetry, cinema, public monuments, journalism, and conversations with exiles, refugees, and public officials, Layoun uses each historical incident as a means of highlighting a recurring trope within constructs of nationalism. The displacement of the Greek refugees in the 1920s calls into question the very idea of home, as well as the desire for ethnic homogeneity within nations. She reads the Cypriot coup and invasion as an illustration of the gendering of nation and how the notion of the inviolable woman came to represent sovereignity. In her third example she shows how the Palestinian and PLO expulsion from Beirut highlights the ambiguity of the borders upon which many manifestations of nationalism putatively depend. These chapters are preceded and introduced by a discussion of “culturing the nation” and closed by a consideration of citizenship and silence in which Layoun discusses rights ostensibly possessed by all members of a political community.

    This book will be of interest to scholars engaged in cultural and critical theory, Middle Eastern and Mediterranean history, literary studies, political science, postcolonial studies, and gender studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380481
    Publication Date: 2001-11-26
    author-list-text: Mary N. Layoun, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    1. Mary N. Layoun,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Mary N. Layoun
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380481
    illustrations-note: 10 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325079
    isbn-paper: 9780822325451
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions

    The gendered narratives of nationalism explored through Greek, Cypriot, and Palestinian examples, particularly in regard to questions of borders, crisis, and displacement.

    subtitle: Gender, Boundaries, and Nationalism in Crisis
  • Welcome to the Dreamhouse
    Author(s): Spigel, Lynn

    In Welcome to the Dreamhouse feminist media studies pioneer Lynn Spigel takes on Barbie collectors, African American media coverage of the early NASA space launches, and television’s changing role in the family home and its links to the broader visual culture of modern art. Exploring postwar U.S. media in the context of the period’s reigning ideals about home and family life, Spigel looks at a range of commercial objects and phenomena, from television and toys to comic books and magazines.

    The volume considers not only how the media portrayed suburban family life, but also how both middle-class ideals and a perceived division between private and public worlds helped to shape the visual forms, storytelling practices, and reception of postwar media and consumer culture. Spigel also explores those aspects of suburban culture that media typically render invisible. She looks at the often unspoken assumptions about class, nation, ethnicity, race, and sexual orientation that underscored both media images (like those of 1960s space missions) and social policies of the mass-produced suburb. Issues of memory and nostalgia are central in the final section as Spigel considers how contemporary girls use television reruns as a source for women’s history and then analyzes the current nostalgia for baby boom era family ideals that runs through contemporary images of new household media technologies.

    Containing some of Spigel’s well-known essays on television’s cultural history as well as new essays on a range of topics dealing with popular visual culture, Welcome to the Dreamhouse is important reading for students and scholars of media and communications studies, popular culture, American studies, women’s studies, and sociology.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383178
    Publication Date: 2001-05-11
    author-list-text: Lynn Spigel
    1. Lynn Spigel
    contrib-author: Lynn Spigel
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383178
    illustrations-note: 37 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326878
    isbn-paper: 9780822326960
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Console-ing Passions

    Historical and theoretical essays on television and media culture by a leading feminist studies scholar.

    subtitle: Popular Media and Postwar Suburbs
  • Wet
    Author(s): Schor, Mira

    Taking aim at the mostly male bastion of art theory and criticism, Mira Schor brings a maverick perspective and provocative voice to the issues of contemporary painting, gender representation, and feminist art. Writing from her dual perspective of a practicing painter and art critic, Schor’s writing has been widely read over the past fifteen years in Artforum, Art Journal, Heresies, and M/E/A/N/I/N/G, a journal she coedited. Collected here, these essayschallenge established hierarchies of the art world of the 1980s and 1990s and document the intellectual and artistic development that have marked Schor’s own progress as a critic.

    Bridging the gap between art practice, artwork, and critical theory, Wet includes some of Schor’s most influential essays that have made a significant contribution to debates over essentialism.Articles range from discussions of contemporary women artists Ida Applebroog, Mary Kelly, and the Guerrilla Girls, to "Figure/Ground," an examination of utopian modernism’s fear of the "goo" of painting and femininity. From the provocative "Representations of the Penis," which suggests novel readings of familiar images of masculinity and introduces new ones, to "Appropriated Sexuality," a trenchant analysis of David Salle’s depiction of women, Wet is a fascinating and informative collection.

    Complemented by over twenty illustrations, the essays in Wet reveal Schor’s remarkable ability to see and to make others see art in a radically new light.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399353
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Mira Schor
    1. Mira Schor
    contrib-author: Mira Schor
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822399353
    illustrations-note: 25 b&w illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319108
    isbn-paper: 9780822319153
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: On Painting, Feminism, and Art Culture
  • What Animals Teach Us about Politics
    Author(s): Massumi, Brian

    In What Animals Teach Us about Politics, Brian Massumi takes up the question of "the animal." By treating the human as animal, he develops a concept of an animal politics. His is not a human politics of the animal, but an integrally animal politics, freed from connotations of the "primitive" state of nature and the accompanying presuppositions about instinct permeating modern thought. Massumi integrates notions marginalized by the dominant currents in evolutionary biology, animal behavior, and philosophy—notions such as play, sympathy, and creativity—into the concept of nature. As he does so, his inquiry necessarily expands, encompassing not only animal behavior but also animal thought and its distance from, or proximity to, those capacities over which human animals claim a monopoly: language and reflexive consciousness. For Massumi, humans and animals exist on a continuum. Understanding that continuum, while accounting for difference, requires a new logic of "mutual inclusion." Massumi finds the conceptual resources for this logic in the work of thinkers including Gregory Bateson, Henri Bergson, Gilbert Simondon, and Raymond Ruyer. This concise book intervenes in Deleuze studies, posthumanism, and animal studies, as well as areas of study as wide-ranging as affect theory, aesthetics, embodied cognition, political theory, process philosophy, the theory of play, and the thought of Alfred North Whitehead.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376057
    Publication Date: 2014-08-13
    author-list-text: Brian Massumi
    1. Brian Massumi
    contrib-author: Brian Massumi
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376057
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357728
    isbn-paper: 9780822358008
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In this concise book, the noted theorist Brian Massumi takes up the question of "the animal." Treating the human as animal, he develops a concept of an animal politics, which he uses as the basis of an expanded notion of the political.

  • What Diantha Did
    Author(s): Gilman, Charlotte Perkins; Rich, Charlotte

    This edition of What Diantha Did makes newly available Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s first novel, complete with an in-depth introduction. First published serially in Gilman’s magazine The Forerunner in 1909–10, the novel tells the story of Diantha Bell, a young woman who leaves her home and her fiancé to start a housecleaning business. A resourceful heroine, Diantha quickly expands her business into an enterprise that includes a maid service, cooked food delivery service, restaurant, and hotel. By assigning a cash value to women’s “invisible” work, providing a means for the well-being and moral uplift of working girls, and releasing middle-class and leisure-class women from the burden of conventional domestic chores, Diantha proves to her family and community the benefits of professionalized housekeeping.

    In her introduction to the novel, Charlotte J. Rich highlights Gilman’s engagement with such hotly debated Progressive Era issues as the “servant question,” the rise of domestic science, and middle-class efforts to protect and aid the working girl. She illuminates the novel’s connections to Gilman’s other feminist works, including “The Yellow Wall-Paper” and Herland; to her personal life; and to her commitment to women’s social and economic freedom. Rich contends that the novel’s engagement with class and race makes it particularly significant to the newly complex understanding of Gilman that has emerged in recent scholarship. What Diantha Did provides essential insight into Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s important legacy of social thought.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386520
    Publication Date: 2005-05-18
    author-list-text: Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Charlotte Rich
    1. Charlotte Perkins Gilman and
    2. Charlotte Rich
    contrib-author: Charlotte Perkins Gilman
    contrib-other: Charlotte Rich
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386520
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335078
    isbn-paper: 9780822335191
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    The first novel from Charlotte Perkins Gilman, the author of "The Crux" and "The Yellow Wallpaper."

  • What Does It Mean to Grow Old?
    Author(s): Cole, Thomas R.; Gadow, Sally

    In What Does It Mean to Grow Old? essayists come to grips as best they can with the phenomenon of an America that is about to become the Old Country. They have been drawn from every relevant discipline—gerontology, social medicine, politics, health, anthropology, ethics, law—and asked to speak their mind. Most of them write extremely well [and their] sharply individual voices are heard.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399544
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    contrib-editor: Thomas R. Cole; Sally Gadow
    copyright-year: 1986
    eisbn: 9780822399544
    isbn-cloth: 9780822305453
    isbn-paper: 9780822308171
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Reflections from the Humanities
  • What Is a World?
    Author(s): Cheah, Pheng

    In What Is a World? Pheng Cheah, a leading theorist of cosmopolitanism, offers the first critical consideration of world literature’s cosmopolitan vocation.  Addressing the failure of recent theories of world literature to inquire about the meaning of world, Cheah articulates a normative theory of literature’s world-making power by creatively synthesizing four philosophical accounts of the world as a temporal process: idealism, Marxist materialism, phenomenology, and deconstruction. Literature opens worlds, he provocatively suggests, because it is a force of receptivity. Cheah compellingly argues for postcolonial literature’s exemplarity as world literature through readings of narrative fiction by Michelle Cliff, Amitav Ghosh, Nuruddin Farah, Ninotchka Rosca, and Timothy Mo that show how these texts open up new possibilities for remaking the world by negotiating with the inhuman force that gives time and deploying alternative temporalities to resist capitalist globalization.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374534
    Publication Date: 2016-01-01
    author-list-text: Pheng Cheah
    1. Pheng Cheah
    contrib-author: Pheng Cheah
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374534
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360780
    isbn-paper: 9780822360926
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In What Is a World? Pheng Cheah draws on accounts of the world as a temporal process from Hegel, Marx, Heidegger, Arendt, and Derrida, and analyzes several postcolonial novels to articulate a normative theory of world literature's capacity to open up new possibilities for remaking the world.

    subtitle: On Postcolonial Literature as World Literature
  • What Makes Sound Patterns Expressive?
    Author(s): Tsur, Reuven

    Poets, academics, and those who simply speak a language are subject to mysterious intuitions about the perceptual qualities and emotional symbolism of the sounds of speech. Such intuitions are Reuven Tsur’s point of departure in this investigation into the expressive effect of sound patterns, addressing questions of great concern for literary theorists and critics as well as for linguists and psychologists.

    Research in recent decades has established two distinct types of aural perception: a nonspeech mode, in which the acoustic signals are received in the manner of musical sounds or natural noises; and a speech mode, in which acoustic signals are excluded from awareness and only an abstract phonetic category is perceived. Here, Tsur proposes a third type of speech perception, a poetic mode in which some part of the acoustic signal becomes accessible, however faintly, to consciousness.

    Using Roman Jakobson’s model of childhood acquisition of the phonological system, Tsur shows how the nonreferential babbling sounds made by infants form a basis for aesthetic valuation of language. He tests the intersubjective and intercultural validity of various spatial and tactile metaphors for certain sounds. Illustrating his insights with reference to particular literary texts, Tsur considers the relative merits of cognitive and psychoanalytic approaches to the emotional symbolism of speech sounds.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378365
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: Reuven Tsur
    1. Reuven Tsur
    contrib-author: Reuven Tsur
    copyright-year: 1992
    eisbn: 9780822378365
    isbn-cloth: 9780822311645
    isbn-paper: 9780822311706
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Sound and meaning
    subtitle: The Poetic Mode of Speech Perception
  • What We Made
    Author(s): Finkelpearl, Tom

    In What We Made, Tom Finkelpearl examines the activist, participatory, coauthored aesthetic experiences being created in contemporary art. He suggests social cooperation as a meaningful way to think about this work and provides a framework for understanding its emergence and acceptance. In a series of fifteen conversations, artists comment on their experiences working cooperatively, joined at times by colleagues from related fields, including social policy, architecture, art history, urban planning, and new media. Issues discussed include the experiences of working in public and of working with museums and libraries, opportunities for social change, the lines between education and art, spirituality, collaborative opportunities made available by new media, and the elusive criteria for evaluating cooperative art. Finkelpearl engages the art historians Grant Kester and Claire Bishop in conversation on the challenges of writing critically about this work and the aesthetic status of the dialogical encounter. He also interviews the often overlooked co-creators of cooperative art, "expert participants" who have worked with artists. In his conclusion, Finkelpearl argues that pragmatism offers a useful critical platform for understanding the experiential nature of social cooperation, and he brings pragmatism to bear in a discussion of Houston's Project Row Houses.

    Interviewees. Naomi Beckwith, Claire Bishop, Tania Bruguera, Brett Cook, Teddy Cruz, Jay Dykeman, Wendy Ewald, Sondra Farganis, Harrell Fletcher, David Henry, Gregg Horowitz, Grant Kester, Mierle Laderman Ukeles, Pedro Lasch, Rick Lowe, Daniel Martinez, Lee Mingwei, Jonah Peretti, Ernesto Pujol, Evan Roth, Ethan Seltzer, and Mark Stern

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395515
    Publication Date: 2012-12-19
    author-list-text: Tom Finkelpearl
    1. Tom Finkelpearl
    contrib-author: Tom Finkelpearl
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822395515
    illustrations-note: 91 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352846
    isbn-paper: 9780822352891
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    What We Made presents a series of fifteen conversations in which contemporary artists who create activist, participatory work discuss the cooperative process. Colleagues from fields including architecture, art history, urban planning, and new media join the conversations.

    subtitle: Conversations on Art and Social Cooperation
  • What’s Left of the Left
    Author(s): Cronin, James E.; Ross, George W.; Shoch, James

    In What’s Left of the Left, distinguished scholars of European and U.S. politics consider how center-left political parties have fared since the 1970s. They explore the left’s responses to the end of the postwar economic boom, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the erosion of traditional party politics, the expansion of market globalization, and the shift to a knowledge-based economy. Their comparative studies of center-left politics in Scandinavia, France, Germany, southern Europe, post–Cold War Central and Eastern Europe, the United Kingdom, and the United States emphasize differences in the goals of left political parties and in the political, economic, and demographic contexts in which they operate. The contributors identify and investigate the more successful center-left initiatives, scrutinizing how some conditions facilitated them, while others blocked their emergence or limited their efficacy. In the contemporary era of slow growth, tight budgets, and rapid technological change, the center-left faces pressing policy concerns, including immigration, the growing population of the working poor, and the fate of the European Union. This collection suggests that such matters present the left with daunting but by no means insurmountable challenges.


    Sheri Berman

    James Cronin

    Jean-Michel de Waele

    Arthur Goldhammer

    Christopher Howard

    Jane Jenson

    Gerassimos Moschonas

    Sofia Pérez

    Jonas Pontusson

    George Ross

    James Shoch

    Sorina Soare

    Ruy Teixeira

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394518
    Publication Date: 2011-08-03
    contrib-editor: James E. Cronin; George W. Ross; James Shoch
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394518
    illustrations-note: 18 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350613
    isbn-paper: 9780822350798
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    What's Left of the Left offers studies comparing how center-left political parties and movements have fared since the 1970s throughout Europe and in the United States.

    subtitle: Democrats and Social Democrats in Challenging Times
  • What’s Love Got to Do with It?
    Author(s): Brennan, Denise; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    In locations around the world, sex tourism is a booming business. What's Love Got to Do with It? is an in-depth examination of the motivations of workers, clients, and others connected to the sex tourism business in Sosúa, a town on the northern coast of the Dominican Republic. Denise Brennan considers why Dominican and Haitian women move to Sosúa to pursue sex work and describes how sex tourists, primarily Europeans, come to Sosúa to buy sex cheaply and live out racialized fantasies. For the sex workers, Brennan explains, the sex trade is more than a means of survival—it is an advancement strategy that hinges on their successful “performance” of love. Many of these women seek to turn a commercialized sexual transaction into a long-term relationship that could lead to marriage, migration, and a way out of poverty.

    Illuminating the complex world of Sosúa’s sex business in rich detail, Brennan draws on extensive interviews not only with sex workers and clients, but also with others who facilitate and benefit from the sex trade. She weaves these voices into an analysis of Dominican economic and migration histories to consider the opportunities—or lack thereof—available to poor Dominican women. She shows how these women, local actors caught in a web of global economic relations, try to take advantage of the foreign men who are in Sosúa to take advantage of them. Through her detailed study of the lives and working conditions of the women in Sosúa’s sex trade, Brennan raises important questions about women’s power, control, and opportunities in a globalized economy.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385400
    Publication Date: 2004-04-23
    author-list-text: Denise Brennan, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Denise Brennan,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Denise Brennan
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385400
    illustrations-note: 9 b&w photos, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332596
    isbn-paper: 9780822332978
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    An ethnographic case study of sex tourism in the Dominican Republic, showing how the sex trade is linked to economic and cultural globalization.

    subtitle: Transnational Desires and Sex Tourism in the Dominican Republic
  • When a Flower Is Reborn
    Author(s): Reuque Paillalef, Rosa Isolde; Mallon, Florencia E.

    A pathbreaking contribution to Latin American testimonial literature, When a Flower Is Reborn is activist Rosa Isolde Reuque Paillalef’s chronicle of her leadership within the Mapuche indigenous rights movement in Chile. Part personal reflection and part political autobiography, it is also the story of Reuque’s rediscovery of her own Mapuche identity through her political and human rights activism over the past quarter century. The questions posed to Reuque by her editor and translator, the distinguished historian Florencia Mallon, are included in the text, revealing both a lively exchange between two feminist intellectuals and much about the crafting of the testimonial itself. In addition, several conversations involving Reuque’s family members provide a counterpoint to her story, illustrating the variety of ways identity is created and understood.

    A leading activist during the Pinochet dictatorship, Reuque—a woman, a Catholic, and a Christian Democrat—often felt like an outsider within the male-dominated, leftist Mapuche movement. This sense of herself as both participant and observer allows for Reuque’s trenchant, yet empathetic, critique of the Mapuche ethnic movement and of the policies regarding indigenous people implemented by Chile’s post-authoritarian government. After the 1990 transition to democratic rule, Reuque collaborated with the government in the creation of the Indigenous Development Corporation (CONADI) and the passage of the Indigenous Law of 1993. At the same time, her deepening critiques of sexism in Chilean society in general, and the Mapuche movement in particular, inspired her to found the first Mapuche feminist organization and participate in the 1996 International Women’s Conference in Beijing. Critical of the democratic government’s inability to effectively address indigenous demands, Reuque reflects on the history of Mapuche activism, including its disarray in the early 1990s and resurgence toward the end of the decade, and relates her hopes for the future.

    An important reinvention of the testimonial genre for Latin America’s post-authoritarian, post-revolutionary era, When a Flower Is Reborn will appeal to those interested in Latin America, race and ethnicity, indigenous people’s movements, women and gender, and oral history and ethnography.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384212
    Publication Date: 2002-07-16
    author-list-text: Rosa Isolde Reuque Paillalef
    1. Rosa Isolde Reuque Paillalef
    contrib-author: Rosa Isolde Reuque Paillalef
    contrib-editor: Florencia E. Mallon
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822384212
    illustrations-note: 36 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329343
    isbn-paper: 9780822329626
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Testimonial text by a Mapuche woman, with commentary and other ethnographic interventions by a U.S. historian.

    subtitle: The Life and Times of a Mapuche Feminist
  • When Biometrics Fail
    Author(s): Magnet, Shoshana Amielle

    From digital fingerprinting to iris and retina recognition, biometric identification systems are a multibillion dollar industry and an integral part of post-9/11 national security strategy. Yet these technologies often fail to work. The scientific literature on their accuracy and reliability documents widespread and frequent technical malfunction. Shoshana Amielle Magnet argues that these systems fail so often because rendering bodies in biometric code falsely assumes that people’s bodies are the same and that individual bodies are stable, or unchanging, over time. By focusing on the moments when biometrics fail, Magnet shows that the technologies work differently, and fail to function more often, on women, people of color, and people with disabilities. Her assessment emphasizes the state’s use of biometrics to control and classify vulnerable and marginalized populations—including prisoners, welfare recipients, immigrants, and refugees—and to track individuals beyond the nation’s territorial boundaries. When Biometrics Fail is a timely, important contribution to thinking about the security state, surveillance, identity, technology, and human rights.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394822
    Publication Date: 2011-11-01
    author-list-text: Shoshana Amielle Magnet
    1. Shoshana Amielle Magnet
    contrib-author: Shoshana Amielle Magnet
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394822
    illustrations-note: 7 photos, 11 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351238
    isbn-paper: 9780822351351
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    This book examines the proliferation of surveillance technologies—such as facial recognition software and digital fingerprinting—that have come to pervade our everyday lives. Often developed as methods to ensure "national security," these technologies are also routinely employed to regulate our personal information, our work lives, what we buy, and how we live.

    subtitle: Gender, Race, and the Technology of Identity
  • When Rains Became Floods
    Author(s): Gavilán Sánchez, Lurgio; Randall, Margaret

    When Rains Became Floods is the gripping autobiography of Lurgio Gavilán Sánchez, who as a child soldier fought for both the Peruvian guerrilla insurgency Shining Path and the Peruvian military. After escaping the conflict, he became a Franciscan priest and is now an anthropologist. Gavilán Sánchez's words mark otherwise forgotten acts of brutality and kindness, moments of misery and despair as well as solidarity and love.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822371441
    Publication Date: 2017-07-24
    author-list-text: Lurgio Gavilán Sánchez and Margaret Randall
    1. Lurgio Gavilán Sánchez and
    2. Margaret Randall
    contrib-author: Lurgio Gavilán Sánchez
    contrib-translator: Margaret Randall
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822371441
    illustrations-note: 13 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358428
    isbn-paper: 9780822358510
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America in Translation

    When Rains Became Floods is the stunning autobiography of Lurgio Gavilán Sánchez, who as a child soldier fought for both the Peruvian guerilla insurgency Shining Path and the Peruvian military during the Peruvian Civil War. After escaping the war, he became a Franciscan priest.

    subtitle: A Child Soldier’s Story
  • Where Is Ana Mendieta?
    Author(s): Blocker, Jane

    Ana Mendieta, a Cuban-born artist who lived in exile in the United States, was one of the most provocative and complex personalities of the 1970s’ artworld. In Where Is Ana Mendieta? art historian Jane Blocker provides an in-depth critical analysis of Mendieta’s diverse body of work. Although her untimely death in 1985 remains shrouded in controversy, her life and artistic legacy provide a unique vantage point from which to consider the history of performance art, installation, and earth works, as well as feminism, multiculturalism, and postmodernism.

    Taken from banners carried in a 1992 protest outside the Guggenheim Museum in New York, the title phrase “Where is Ana Mendieta?” evokes not only the suspicious and tragic circumstances surrounding her death but also the conspicuous absence of women artists from high-profile exhibitions. Drawing on the work of such theorists as Judith Butler, Joseph Roach, Edward Said, and Homi Bhabha, Blocker discusses the power of Mendieta’s earth-and-body art to alter, unsettle, and broaden the terms of identity itself. She shows how Mendieta used exile as a discursive position from which to disrupt dominant categories, analyzing as well Mendieta’s use of mythology and anthropology, the ephemeral nature of her media, and the debates over her ethnic, gender, and national identities.

    As the first major critical examination of this enigmatic artist’s work, Where Is Ana Mendieta? will interest a broad audience, particularly those involved with the production, criticism, theory, and history of contemporary art.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822398967
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Jane Blocker
    1. Jane Blocker
    contrib-author: Jane Blocker
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822398967
    illustrations-note: 29 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323044
    isbn-paper: 9780822323242
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Identity, Performativity, and Exile
  • Where the River Ends
    Author(s): Muehlmann, Shaylih

    Living in the northwest of Mexico, the Cucapá people have relied on fishing as a means of subsistence for generations, but in the last several decades, that practice has been curtailed by water scarcity and government restrictions. The Colorado River once met the Gulf of California near the village where Shaylih Muehlmann conducted ethnographic research, but now, as a result of a treaty, 90 percent of the water from the Colorado is diverted before it reaches Mexico. The remaining water is increasingly directed to the manufacturing industry in Tijuana and Mexicali. Since 1993, the Mexican government has denied the Cucapá people fishing rights on environmental grounds. While the Cucapá have continued to fish in the Gulf of California, federal inspectors and the Mexican military are pressuring them to stop. The government maintains that the Cucapá are not sufficiently "indigenous" to warrant preferred fishing rights. Like many indigenous people in Mexico, most Cucapá people no longer speak their indigenous language; they are highly integrated into nonindigenous social networks. Where the River Ends is a moving look at how the Cucapá people have experienced and responded to the diversion of the Colorado River and the Mexican state's attempts to regulate the environmental crisis that followed.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378846
    Publication Date: 2013-05-02
    author-list-text: Shaylih Muehlmann
    1. Shaylih Muehlmann
    contrib-author: Shaylih Muehlmann
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822378846
    illustrations-note: 11 photographs, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354437
    isbn-paper: 9780822354451
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Where the River Ends examines the response of the Cucapá people of Mexico's northwest coast to the state's claim that they are not "indigenous enough" to merit the special fishing rights which would allow them to subsist during environmental crisis.

    subtitle: Contested Indigeneity in the Mexican Colorado Delta
  • White Innocence
    Author(s): Wekker, Gloria

    In White Innocence Gloria Wekker explores a central paradox of Dutch culture: the passionate denial of racial discrimination and colonial violence coexisting alongside aggressive racism and xenophobia. Accessing a cultural archive built over 400 years of Dutch colonial rule, Wekker fundamentally challenges Dutch racial exceptionalism by undermining the dominant narrative of the Netherlands as a "gentle" and "ethical" nation. Wekker analyzes the Dutch media's portrayal of black women and men, the failure to grasp race in the Dutch academy, contemporary conservative politics (including gay politicians espousing anti-immigrant rhetoric), and the controversy surrounding the folkloric character Black Pete, showing how the denial of racism and the expression of innocence safeguards white privilege. Wekker uncovers the postcolonial legacy of race and its role in shaping the white Dutch self, presenting the contested, persistent legacy of racism in the country.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374565
    Publication Date: 2016-04-29
    author-list-text: Gloria Wekker
    1. Gloria Wekker
    contrib-author: Gloria Wekker
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374565
    illustrations-note: 2 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360599
    isbn-paper: 9780822360759
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In White Innocence Gloria Wekker explores a central paradox of Dutch life—the passionate denial of racial discrimination and colonial violence coexisting alongside aggressive racism and xenophobia—to show how the narrative of Dutch racial exceptionalism elides the Netherland's colonial past and safeguards white privilege.

    subtitle: Paradoxes of Colonialism and Race
  • White Love and Other Events in Filipino History
    Author(s): Rafael, Vicente L.

    In this wide-ranging cultural and political history of Filipinos and the Philippines, Vicente L. Rafael examines the period from the onset of U.S. colonialism in 1898 to the emergence of a Filipino diaspora in the 1990s. Self-consciously adopting the essay form as a method with which to disrupt epic conceptions of Filipino history, Rafael treats in a condensed and concise manner clusters of historical detail and reflections that do not easily fit into a larger whole. White Love and Other Events in Filipino History is thus a view of nationalism as an unstable production, as Rafael reveals how, under what circumstances, and with what effects the concept of the nation has been produced and deployed in the Philippines.

    With a focus on the contradictions and ironies that suffuse Filipino history, Rafael delineates the multiple ways that colonialism has both inhabited and enabled the nationalist discourse of the present. His topics range from the colonial census of 1903-1905, in which a racialized imperial order imposed by the United States came into contact with an emergent revolutionary nationalism, to the pleasures and anxieties of nationalist identification as evinced in the rise of the Marcos regime. Other essays examine aspects of colonial domesticity through the writings of white women during the first decade of U.S. rule; the uses of photography in ethnology, war, and portraiture; the circulation of rumor during the Japanese occupation of Manila; the reproduction of a hierarchy of languages in popular culture; and the spectral presence of diasporic Filipino communities within the nation-state. A critique of both U.S. imperialism and Filipino nationalism, White Love and Other Events in Filipino History creates a sense of epistemological vertigo in the face of former attempts to comprehend and master Filipino identity.

    This volume should become a valuable work for those interested in Southeast Asian studies, Asian-American studies, postcolonial studies, and cultural studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380757
    Publication Date: 2014-06-18
    author-list-text: Vicente L. Rafael
    1. Vicente L. Rafael
    contrib-author: Vicente L. Rafael
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380757
    illustrations-note: 42 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325055
    isbn-paper: 9780822325420
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American encounters/global interactions
  • White Men Aren’t
    Author(s): DiPiero, Thomas

    Psychoanalytic theory has traditionally taken sexual difference to be the fundamental organizing principle of human subjectivity. White Men Aren’t contests that assumption, arguing that other forms of difference—particularly race—are equally important to the formation of identity. Thomas DiPiero shows how whiteness and masculinity respond to various, complex cultural phenomena through a process akin to hysteria and how differences traditionally termed “racial” organize psychic, social, and political life as thoroughly as sexual difference does. White masculinity is fraught with anxiety, according to DiPiero, because it hinges on the unstable construction of white men’s cultural hegemony. White men must always struggle against the loss of position and the fear of insufficiency—against the specter of what they are not.

    Drawing on the writings of Freud, Lacan, Butler, Foucault, and Kaja Silverman, as well as on biology, anthropology, and legal sources, Thomas DiPiero contends that psychoanalytic theory has not only failed to account for the role of race in structuring identity, it has in many ways deliberately ignored it. Reading a wide variety of texts—from classical works such as Oedipus Rex and The Iliad to contemporary films including Boyz 'n' the Hood and Grand Canyon—DiPiero reveals how the anxiety of white masculine identity pervades a surprising range of Western thought, including such ostensibly race-neutral phenomena as Englightenment forms of reason.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383949
    Publication Date: 2002-08-19
    author-list-text: Thomas DiPiero
    1. Thomas DiPiero
    contrib-author: Thomas DiPiero
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383949
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329336
    isbn-paper: 9780822329619
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A critical psychoanalytic account of white masculinity, which argues that it is incorrect to naturalize the power of masculinity and offers an alternative account.

  • White Men Challenging Racism
    Author(s): Thompson, Cooper; Schaeffer, Emmett; Brod, Harry; Loewen, James W.

    White Men Challenging Racism is a collection of first-person narratives chronicling the compelling experiences of thirty-five white men whose efforts to combat racism and fight for social justice are central to their lives. Based on interviews conducted by Cooper Thompson, Emmett Schaefer, and Harry Brod, these engaging oral histories tell the stories of the men’s antiracist work. While these men discuss their accomplishments with pride, they also talk about their mistakes and regrets, their shortcomings and strategic blunders. A foreword by James W. Loewen, author of Lies My Teacher Told Me, provides historical context, describing antiracist efforts undertaken by white men in America during past centuries.

    Ranging in age from twenty-six to eighty-six, the men whose stories are presented here include some of the elder statesmen of antiracism work as well as members of the newest generation of activists. They come from across the United States—from Denver, Nashville, and San Jose; rural North Carolina, Detroit, and Seattle. Some are straight; some are gay. A few—such as historian Herbert Aptheker, singer/songwriter Si Kahn, Stetson Kennedy (a Klan infiltrator in the 1940s), and Richard Lapchick (active in organizing the sports community against apartheid)—are relatively well known; most are not. Among them are academics, ministers, police officers, firefighters, teachers, journalists, union leaders, and full-time community organizers. They work with Latinos and African-, Asian-, and Native-Americans. Many ground their work in spiritual commitments. Their inspiring personal narratives—whether about researching right-wing groups, organizing Central American immigrants, or serving as pastor of an interracial congregation—connect these men with one another and with their allies in the fight against racism in the United States.

    All authors’ royalties go directly to fund antiracist work. To read excerpts from the book, please visit

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384847
    Publication Date: 2003-03-31
    author-list-text: James W. Loewen
    1. James W. Loewen
    contrib-editor: Cooper Thompson; Emmett Schaeffer; Harry Brod
    contrib-other: James W. Loewen
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384847
    illustrations-note: 3 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330844
    isbn-paper: 9780822330967
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Narratives exploring the lives, experiences and feelings on racism from anti-racist white men who are committed to social justice.

    subtitle: 35 Personal Stories
  • Whither China?
    Author(s): Zhang, Xudong; Yang, Gan; Cui, Zhiyuan; Shaoguang, Wang; Hui, Wang

    Whither China? presents an in-depth and wide-angled picture of Chinese intellectual life during the last decade of the millennium, as China struggled to move beyond the shadow of the Tiananmen tragedy. Because many cultural and intellectual paradigms of the previous decade were left in ruins by that event, Chinese intellectuals were forced in the early 1990s to search for new analytical and critical frameworks. Soon, however, they found themselves engulfed by tidal waves of globalization, surrounded by a new social landscape marked by unabashed commodification, and stunned by a drastically reconfigured socialist state infrastructure.

    The contributors to Whither China? describe how, instead of spearheading the popular-mandated and state-sanctioned project of modernization, intellectuals now find themselves caught amid rapidly changing structures of economic, social, political, and cultural relations that are both global in nature and local in an irreducibly political sense. Individual essays interrogate the space of Chinese intellectual production today, lay out the issues at stake, and cover major debates and discursive interventions from the 1990s. Those who write within the Chinese context are joined by Western observers of contemporary Chinese cultural and intellectual life. Together, these two groups undertake a truly international intellectual struggle not only to interpret but to change the world.

    Contributors. Rey Chow, Zhiyuan Cui, Michael Dutton, Gan Yang, Harry Harootunian, Peter Hitchcock, Rebecca Karl, Louisa Schein, Wang Hui, Wang Shaoguang, Xudong Zhang

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381150
    Publication Date: 2002-03-07
    author-list-text: Gan Yang, Zhiyuan Cui, Wang Shaoguang and Wang Hui
    1. Gan Yang,
    2. Zhiyuan Cui,
    3. Wang Shaoguang and
    4. Wang Hui
    contrib-editor: Xudong Zhang
    contrib-other: Gan Yang; Zhiyuan Cui; Wang Shaoguang; Wang Hui
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822381150
    illustrations-note: 12 b&w photos, 6 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326595
    isbn-paper: 9780822326489
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Chinese cultural and intellectual politics waned after the Tiananmen Square incident. This volume explores their revitalization in the 1990s.

    subtitle: Intellectual Politics in Contemporary China
  • Who Can Stop the Drums?
    Author(s): Fernandes, Sujatha

    In this vivid ethnography of social movements in the barrios, or poor shantytowns, of Caracas, Sujatha Fernandes reveals a significant dimension of political life in Venezuela since President Hugo Chávez was elected. Fernandes traces the histories of the barrios, from the guerrilla insurgency, movements against displacement, and cultural resistance of the 1960s and 1970s, through the debt crisis of the early 1980s and the neoliberal reforms that followed, to the Chávez period. She weaves barrio residents’ life stories into her account of movements for social and economic justice. Who Can Stop the Drums? demonstrates that the transformations under way in Venezuela are shaped by negotiations between the Chávez government and social movements with their own forms of historical memory, local organization, and consciousness.

    Fernandes portrays everyday life and politics in the shantytowns of Caracas through accounts of community-based radio, barrio assemblies, and popular fiestas, and the many interviews she conducted with activists and government officials. Most of the barrio activists she presents are Chávez supporters. They see the leftist president as someone who understands their precarious lives and has made important changes to the state system to redistribute resources. Yet they must balance receiving state resources, which are necessary to fund their community-based projects, with their desire to retain a sense of agency. Fernandes locates the struggles of the urban poor within Venezuela’s transition from neoliberalism to what she calls “post-neoliberalism.” She contends that in contemporary Venezuela we find a hybrid state; while Chávez is actively challenging neoliberalism, the state remains subject to the constraints and logics of global capital.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391708
    Publication Date: 2010-03-12
    author-list-text: Sujatha Fernandes
    1. Sujatha Fernandes
    contrib-author: Sujatha Fernandes
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391708
    illustrations-note: 30 photographs, 4 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346654
    isbn-paper: 9780822346777
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    A vivid ethnography of social movements in the barrios, or poor shantytowns, of Caracas, Venezuela.

    subtitle: Urban Social Movements in Chávez’s Venezuela
  • Who Counts?
    Author(s): Nelson, Diane M.

    In Who Counts? Diane M. Nelson explores the social life of numbers, teasing out the myriad roles math plays in Guatemalan state violence, economic exploitation, and disenfranchisement, as well as in Mayan revitalization and grassroots environmental struggles. In the aftermath of thirty-six years of civil war, to count—both numerically and in the sense of having value—is a contested and qualitative practice of complex calculations encompassing war losses, migration, debt, and competing understandings of progress. Nelson makes broad connections among seemingly divergent phenomena, such as debates over reparations for genocide victims, Ponzi schemes, and antimining movements. Challenging the presumed objectivity of Western mathematics, Nelson shows how it flattens social complexity and becomes a raced, classed, and gendered skill that colonial powers considered beyond the grasp of indigenous peoples. Yet the Classic Maya are famous for the precision of their mathematics, including conceptualizing zero long before Europeans. Nelson shows how Guatemala's indigenous population is increasingly returning to Mayan numeracy to critique systemic inequalities with the goal of being counted—in every sense of the word. 


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375074
    Publication Date: 2015-10-12
    author-list-text: Diane M. Nelson
    1. Diane M. Nelson
    contrib-author: Diane M. Nelson
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375074
    illustrations-note: 35 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359739
    isbn-paper: 9780822360056
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In Who Counts? Diane M. Nelson presents a complex reading of mathematics and the contested and myriad ways it is used by the Guatemalan state to marginalize indigenous populations as well as its use by indigenous peoples to critique systemic inequalities.

    subtitle: The Mathematics of Death and Life after Genocide
  • Who Killed John Clayton?
    Author(s): Barnes, Kenneth C.

    In 1888 a group of armed and masked Democrats stole a ballot box from a small town in Conway County, Arkansas. The box contained most of the county’s black Republican votes, thereby assuring defeat for candidate John Clayton in a close race for the U.S. Congress. Days after he announced he would contest the election, a volley of buckshot ripped through Clayton’s hotel window, killing him instantly. Thus began a yet-to-be-solved, century-old mystery.

    More than a description of this particular event, however, Who Killed John Clayton? traces patterns of political violence in this section of the South over a three-decade period. Using vivid courtroom-type detail, Barnes describes how violence was used to define and control the political system in the post-Reconstruction South and how this system in turn produced Jim Crow. Although white Unionists and freed blacks had joined under the banner of the Republican Party and gained the upper hand during Reconstruction, during these last decades of the nineteenth century conservative elites, first organized as the Ku Klux Klan and then as the revived Democratic Party, regained power—via such tactics as murdering political opponents, lynching blacks, and defrauding elections.

    This important recounting of the struggle over political power will engage those interested in Southern and American history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822398974
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Kenneth C. Barnes
    1. Kenneth C. Barnes
    contrib-author: Kenneth C. Barnes
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822398974
    illustrations-note: 18 halftones
    isbn-cloth: 9780822320586
    isbn-paper: 9780822320722
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Political Violence and the Emergence of the New South, 1861-1893
  • Whom God Wishes to Destroy…
    Author(s): Lewis, Jon

    In March 1980 Francis Coppola purchased the dilapidated Hollywood General Studios facility with the hope and dream of creating a radically new kind of studio, one that would revolutionize filmmaking, challenge the established studio machinery, and, most importantly, allow him to make movies as he wished. With this event at the center of Whom God Wishes to Destroy, Jon Lewis offers a behind-the-scenes view of Coppola’s struggle—that of the industry’s best-known auteur—against the changing realities of the New Hollywood of the 1980s. Presenting a Hollywood history steeped in the trade news, rumor, and gossip that propel the industry, Lewis unfolds a lesson about power, ownership, and the role of the auteur in the American cinema. From before the success of The Godfather to the eventual triumph of Apocalypse Now, through the critical upheaval of the 1980s with movies like Rumble Fish, Hammett, Peggy Sue Got Married, to the 1990s and the making of Bram Stoker’s Dracula and Kenneth Branagh’s Frankenstein, Francis Coppola’s career becomes the lens through which Lewis examines the nature of making movies and doing business in Hollywood today.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822398981
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Jon Lewis
    1. Jon Lewis
    contrib-author: Jon Lewis
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822398981
    illustrations-note: 25 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316022
    isbn-paper: 9780822318897
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Francis Coppola and the New Hollywood
  • Whose Art Is It?
    Author(s): Kramer, Jane

    Whose Art Is It? is the story of sculptor John Ahearn, a white artist in a black and Hispanic neighborhood of the South Bronx, and of the people he cast for a series of public sculptures commissioned for an intersection outside a police station. Jane Kramer, telling this story, raises one of the most urgent questions of our time: How do we live in a society we share with people who are, often by their own definitions, "different?" Ahearn’s subjects were "not the best of the neighborhood." They were a junkie, a hustler, and a street kid. Their images sparked a controversy throughout the community—and New York itself—over issues of white representations of people of color and the appropriateness of particular images as civic art. The sculptures, cast in bronze and painted, were up for only five days before Ahearn removed them.

    This compelling narrative raises questions about community and public art policies, about stereotypes and multiculturalism. With wit, drama, sympathy, and circumspection, Kramer draws the reader into the multicultural debate, challenging our assumptions about art, image, and their relation to community. Her portrait of the South Bronx takes the argument to its grass roots—provocative, surprising in its contradictions and complexities and not at all easy to resolve.

    Accompanied by an introduction by Catharine R. Stimpson exploring the issues of artistic freedom, "political correctness," and multiculturalism, Whose Art Is It? is a lively and accessible introduction to the ongoing debate on representation and private expression in the public sphere.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379058
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Jane Kramer
    1. Jane Kramer
    contrib-author: Jane Kramer
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822379058
    illustrations-note: 18 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315353
    isbn-paper: 9780822315490
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Public planet books
  • Why Stories Matter
    Author(s): Hemmings, Clare; Grewal, Inderpal; Kaplan, Caren; Wiegman, Robyn

    Why Stories Matter is a powerful critique of the stories that feminists tell about the past four decades of Western feminist theory. Clare Hemmings examines the narratives that make up feminist accounts of recent feminist history, highlights the ethical and political dilemmas raised by these narratives, and offers innovative strategies for transforming them. Drawing on her in-depth analysis of feminist journals, such as Signs, Feminist Review, and Feminist Theory, Hemmings argues that feminists portray the development of Western feminism through narratives of progress, loss, and return. Whether celebrating the move beyond unity or identity, lamenting the demise of a feminist political agenda, or proposing a return to a feminist vision from the past, by advancing these narratives feminists construct a mobile “political grammar” too easily adapted for postfeminist agendas. Hemmings insists that it is not enough for feminist theorists to lament what is most often perceived as the co-optation of feminism in global arenas. They must pay attention to the amenability of their own stories, narrative constructs, and grammatical forms to broader discursive uses of gender and feminism if history is not simply to repeat itself. Since citation practices and the mobilization of affect are central to how the narratives of progress, loss, and return persuade readers to suspend disbelief, they are also potential keys to telling the story of feminism’s past, present, and future differently.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393702
    Publication Date: 2010-12-28
    author-list-text: Clare Hemmings, Inderpal Grewal, Caren Kaplan and Robyn Wiegman
    1. Clare Hemmings,
    2. Inderpal Grewal,
    3. Caren Kaplan and
    4. Robyn Wiegman
    contrib-author: Clare Hemmings
    contrib-series-editor: Inderpal Grewal; Caren Kaplan; Robyn Wiegman
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393702
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348931
    isbn-paper: 9780822349167
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Next wave

    A powerful critique of the stories that feminists tell about the past four decades of Western feminist theory.

    subtitle: The Political Grammar of Feminist Theory
  • Why the Vote Wasn’t Enough for Selma
    Author(s): Forner, Karlyn

    In Why the Vote Wasn't Enough for Selma Karlyn Forner rewrites the heralded story of Selma to explain why gaining the right to vote did not bring about economic justice for African Americans in the Alabama Black Belt. Drawing on a rich array of sources, Forner illustrates how voting rights failed to offset decades of systematic disfranchisement and unequal investment in African American communities. Forner contextualizes Selma as a place, not a moment within the civil rights movement —a place where black citizens' fight for full citizenship unfolded alongside an agricultural shift from cotton farming to cattle raising, the implementation of federal divestment policies, and economic globalization. At the end of the twentieth century, Selma's celebrated political legacy looked worlds apart from the dismal economic realities of the region. Forner demonstrates that voting rights are only part of the story in the black freedom struggle and that economic justice is central to achieving full citizenship.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372233
    Publication Date: 2017-09-22
    author-list-text: Karlyn Forner
    1. Karlyn Forner
    contrib-author: Karlyn Forner
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372233
    illustrations-note: 30 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822370000
    isbn-paper: 9780822370055
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In Why the Vote Wasn’t Enough for Selma Karlyn Forner rewrites the heralded story of Selma to show why gaining the right to vote did not lead to economic justice for African Americans in the Alabama Black Belt.


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