Browse by Title : U

  • Ugly Stories of the Peruvian Agrarian Reform
    Author(s): Mayer, Enrique; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia
    Abstract:

    Ugly Stories of the Peruvian Agrarian Reform reveals the human drama behind the radical agrarian reform that unfolded in Peru during the final three decades of the twentieth century. That process began in 1969, when the left-leaning military government implemented a drastic program of land expropriation. Seized lands were turned into worker-managed cooperatives. After those cooperatives began to falter and the country returned to civilian rule in the 1980s, members distributed the land among themselves. In 1995–96, as the agrarian reform process was winding down and neoliberal policies were undoing leftist reforms, the Peruvian anthropologist Enrique Mayer traveled throughout the country, interviewing people who had lived through the most tumultuous years of agrarian reform, recording their memories and their stories. While agrarian reform caused enormous upheaval, controversy, and disappointment, it did succeed in breaking up the unjust and oppressive hacienda system. Mayer contends that the demise of that system is as important as the liberation of slaves in the Americas.

    Mayer interviewed ex-landlords, land expropriators, politicians, government bureaucrats, intellectuals, peasant leaders, activists, ranchers, members of farming families, and others. Weaving their impassioned recollections with his own commentary, he offers a series of dramatic narratives, each one centered around a specific instance of land expropriation, collective enterprise, and disillusion. Although the reform began with high hopes, it was quickly complicated by difficulties including corruption, rural and urban unrest, fights over land, and delays in modernization. As he provides insight into how important historical events are remembered, Mayer re-evaluates Peru’s military government (1969–79), its audacious agrarian reform program, and what that reform meant to Peruvians from all walks of life.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390718
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Enrique Mayer, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Enrique Mayer,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Enrique Mayer
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390718
    illustrations-note: 21 photographs, 3 tables, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344537
    isbn-paper: 9780822344698
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise
    short-abstract:

    Uses oral histories to analyze Peruvian agrarian reform carried out by the left-leaning military government of Juan Velasco Alvarado between 1969 and 1999, highlighting struggles to dismantle models of social experimentation after disillusion with the fai

    subtitle:
  • Un/common Cultures
    Author(s): Visweswaran, Kamala
    Abstract:

    In Un/common Cultures, Kamala Visweswaran develops an incisive critique of the idea of culture at the heart of anthropology, describing how it lends itself to culturalist assumptions. She holds that the new culturalism—the idea that cultural differences are definitive, and thus divisive—produces a view of “uncommon cultures” defined by relations of conflict rather than forms of collaboration. The essays in Un/common Cultures straddle the line between an analysis of how racism works to form the idea of “uncommon cultures” and a reaffirmation of the possibilities of “common cultures,” those that enact new forms of solidarity in seeking common cause. Such “cultures in common” or “cultures of the common” also produce new intellectual formations that demand different analytic frames for understanding their emergence. By tracking the emergence and circulation of the culture concept in American anthropology and Indian and French sociology, Visweswaran offers an alternative to strictly disciplinary histories. She uses critical race theory to locate the intersection between ethnic/diaspora studies and area studies as a generative site for addressing the formation of culturalist discourses. In so doing, she interprets the work of social scientists and intellectuals such as Elsie Clews Parsons, Alice Fletcher, Franz Boas, Louis Dumont, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Clifford Geertz, W. E. B. Du Bois, and B. R. Ambedkar.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391630
    Publication Date: 2010-06-28
    author-list-text: Kamala Visweswaran
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kamala Visweswaran
    contrib-author: Kamala Visweswaran
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391630
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346210
    isbn-paper: 9780822346357
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A theoretical argument that anthropology has developed a concept of culture that reproduces some of the essentialisms of racism while making it difficult for the field to adequately address race.

    subtitle: Racism and the Rearticulation of Cultural Difference
  • Uncertain Times
    Author(s): Hammer, Peter J.; Haas-Wilson, Deborah; Peterson, Mark A.; Sage, William M.; Pauly, Mark V.; Fuchs, Victor R.
    Abstract:

    This volume revisits the Nobel Prize-winning economist Kenneth Arrow’s classic 1963 essay “Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care” in light of the many changes in American health care since its publication. Arrow’s groundbreaking piece, reprinted in full here, argued that while medicine was subject to the same models of competition and profit maximization as other industries, concepts of trust and morals also played key roles in understanding medicine as an economic institution and in balancing the asymmetrical relationship between medical providers and their patients. His conclusions about the medical profession’s failures to “insure against uncertainties” helped initiate the reevaluation of insurance as a public and private good.

    Coming from diverse backgrounds—economics, law, political science, and the health care industry itself—the contributors use Arrow’s article to address a range of present-day health-policy questions. They examine everything from health insurance and technological innovation to the roles of charity, nonprofit institutions, and self-regulation in addressing medical needs. The collection concludes with a new essay by Arrow, in which he reflects on the health care markets of the new millennium. At a time when medical costs continue to rise, the ranks of the uninsured grow, and uncertainty reigns even among those with health insurance, this volume looks back at a seminal work of scholarship to provide critical guidance for the years ahead.

    Contributors

    Linda H. Aiken

    Kenneth J. Arrow

    Gloria J. Bazzoli

    M. Gregg Bloche

    Lawrence Casalino

    Michael Chernew

    Richard A. Cooper

    Victor R. Fuchs

    Annetine C. Gelijns

    Sherry A. Glied

    Deborah Haas-Wilson

    Mark A. Hall

    Peter J. Hammer

    Clark C. Havighurst

    Peter D. Jacobson

    Richard Kronick

    Michael L. Millenson

    Jack Needleman

    Richard R. Nelson

    Mark V. Pauly

    Mark A. Peterson

    Uwe E. Reinhardt

    James C. Robinson

    William M. Sage

    J. B. Silvers

    Frank A. Sloan

    Joshua Graff Zivin

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385028
    Publication Date: 2003-11-17
    author-list-text: Mark V. Pauly and Victor R. Fuchs
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Mark V. Pauly and
    2. Victor R. Fuchs
    contrib-editor: Peter J. Hammer; Deborah Haas-Wilson; Mark A. Peterson; William M. Sage
    contrib-other: Mark V. Pauly; Victor R. Fuchs
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385028
    illustrations-note: 2 tables, 3 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332091
    isbn-paper: 9780822332480
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A new look at Kenneth Arrow’s classic study of the economics of health care: is his formulation still relevant 40 years later?

    subtitle: Kenneth Arrow and the Changing Economics of Health Care
  • Uncivil Youth
    Author(s): Kwon, Soo Ah
    Abstract:

    In Uncivil Youth, Soo Ah Kwon explores youth of color activism as linked to the making of democratic citizen-subjects. Focusing attention on the relations of power that inform the social and political practices of youth of color, Kwon examines how after-school and community-based programs are often mobilized to prevent potentially "at-risk" youth from turning to "juvenile delinquency" and crime. These sorts of strategic interventions seek to mold young people to become self-empowered and responsible citizens. Theorizing this mode of youth governance as "affirmative governmentality," Kwon investigates the political conditions that both enable youth of color to achieve meaningful change and limit their ability to do so given the entrenchment of nonprofits in the logic of a neoliberal state. She draws on several years of ethnographic research with an Oakland-based, panethnic youth organization that promotes grassroots activism among its second-generation Asian and Pacific Islander members (ages fourteen to eighteen). While analyzing the contradictions of the youth organizing movement, Kwon documents the genuine contributions to social change made by the young people with whom she worked in an era of increased youth criminalization and anti-immigrant legislation.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399094
    Publication Date: 2013-03-11
    author-list-text: Soo Ah Kwon
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Soo Ah Kwon
    contrib-author: Soo Ah Kwon
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822399094
    illustrations-note: 3 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354055
    isbn-paper: 9780822354239
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Soo Ah Kwon explores youth of color activism, focusing on the political conditions that enable—and limit—youth of color from achieving meaningful change given the entrenchment of nonprofits within the logic of the neoliberal state.

    subtitle: Race, Activism, and Affirmative Governmentality
  • Unconscious Dominions
    Author(s): Anderson, Warwick; Jenson, Deborah; Keller, Richard C.
    Abstract:

    By the 1920s, psychoanalysis was a technology of both the late-colonial state and anti-imperialism. Insights from psychoanalysis shaped European and North American ideas about the colonial world and the character and potential of native cultures. Psychoanalytic discourse, from Freud’s description of female sexuality as a “dark continent” to his conceptualization of primitive societies and the origins of civilization, became inextricable from the ideologies underlying European expansionism. But as it was adapted in the colonies and then the postcolonies, psychoanalysis proved surprisingly useful for theorizing anticolonialism and postcolonial trauma.

    Our understandings of culture, citizenship, and self have a history that is colonial and psychoanalytic, but, until now, this intersection has scarcely been explored, much less examined in comparative perspective. Taking on that project, Unconscious Dominions assembles essays based on research in Australia, Brazil, France, Haiti, and Indonesia, as well as India, North Africa, and West Africa. Even as they reveal the modern psychoanalytic subject as constitutively colonial, they shed new light on how that subject went global: how people around the world came to recognize the hybrid configuration of unconscious, ego, and superego in themselves and others.

    Contributors

    Warwick Anderson

    Alice Bullard

    John Cash

    Joy Damousi

    Didier Fassin

    Christiane Hartnack

    Deborah Jenson

    Richard C. Keller

    Ranjana Khanna

    Mariano Plotkin

    Hans Pols

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393986
    Publication Date: 2011-09-01
    contrib-editor: Warwick Anderson; Deborah Jenson; Richard C. Keller
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393986
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349648
    isbn-paper: 9780822349792
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Comparative case studies reveal the multiple relations between psychoanalysis and globalization, showing how imperial ideologies were incorporated into early psychoanalytic theory, and how psychoanalysis has been reconfigured to critique imperialism.

    subtitle: Psychoanalysis, Colonial Trauma, and Global Sovereignties
  • Undead TV
    Author(s): Parks, Lisa; Levine, Elana; Kearney, Mary Celeste; Murray, Susan
    Abstract:

    When the final episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer aired in 2003, fans mourned the death of the hit television series. Yet the show has lived on through syndication, global distribution, DVD release, and merchandising, as well as in the memories of its devoted viewers. Buffy stands out from much entertainment television by offering sharp, provocative commentaries on gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, and youth. Yet it has also been central to changing trends in television production and reception. As a flagship show for two U.S. “netlets”—the WB and UPN—Buffy helped usher in the “post-network” era, and as the inspiration for an active fan base, it helped drive the proliferation of Web-based fan engagement.

    In Undead TV, media studies scholars tackle the Buffy phenomenon and its many afterlives in popular culture, the television industry, the Internet, and academic criticism. Contributors engage with critical issues such as stardom, gender identity, spectatorship, fandom, and intertextuality. Collectively, they reveal how a vampire television series set in a sunny California suburb managed to provide some of the most biting social commentaries on the air while exposing the darker side of American life. By offering detailed engagements with Sarah Michelle Gellar’s celebrity image, science-fiction fanzines, international and “youth” audiences, Buffy tie-in books, and Angel’s body, Undead TV shows how this prime-time drama became a prominent marker of industrial, social, and cultural change.

    Contributors. Ian Calcutt, Cynthia Fuchs, Amelie Hastie, Annette Hill, Mary Celeste Kearney, Elana Levine, Allison McCracken, Jason Middleton, Susan Murray, Lisa Parks

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390152
    Publication Date: 2007-10-12
    author-list-text: Mary Celeste Kearney and Susan Murray
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Mary Celeste Kearney and
    2. Susan Murray
    contrib-editor: Lisa Parks; Elana Levine
    contrib-other: Mary Celeste Kearney; Susan Murray
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390152
    illustrations-note: 40 b&w illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340652
    isbn-paper: 9780822340430
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Critical studies of the popular television show, BUFFY THE VAMPIRE SLAYER.

    subtitle: Essays on Buffy the Vampire Slayer
  • Under Cover of Science
    Author(s): Hackney Jr., James R.
    Abstract:

    For more than two decades, the law and economics movement has been one of the most influential and controversial schools of thought in American jurisprudence. In this authoritative intellectual history, James R. Hackney Jr. situates the modern law and economics movement within the trajectory of American jurisprudence from the early days of the Republic to the present. Hackney is particularly interested in the claims of objectivity or empiricism asserted by proponents of law and economics. He argues that the incorporation of economic analysis into legal decision making is not an inherently objective enterprise. Rather, law and economics often cloaks ideological determinations—particularly regarding the distribution of wealth—under the cover of science.

    Hackney demonstrates how legal-economic thought has been affected by the prevailing philosophical ideas about objectivity, which have in turn evolved in response to groundbreaking scientific discoveries. Thus Hackney’s narrative is a history not only of law and economics but also of select strands of philosophy and science. He traces forward from the seventeenth-century the interaction of legal thinking and economic analysis with ideas about the attainability of certitude. The principal legal-economic theories Hackney examines are those that emerged from classical legal thought, legal realism, law and neoclassical economics, and critical legal studies. He links these theories respectively to formalism, pragmatism, the analytic turn, and neopragmatism/postmodernism, and he explains how each of these schools of philosophical thought was influenced by specific scientific discoveries: Newtonian physics, Darwin’s theory of evolution, Einstein’s theories of relativity, and quantum mechanics. Under Cover of Science challenges claims that the contemporary law and economics movement is an objective endeavor by historicizing ideas about certitude and empiricism and their relation to legal-economic thought.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389712
    Publication Date: 2007-03-07
    author-list-text: James R. Hackney Jr.
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James R. Hackney Jr.
    contrib-author: James R. Hackney Jr.
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389712
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339816
    isbn-paper: 9780822339984
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A critique of the Law & Economics movement, this book draws connections between conceptions of science and efforts at legitimating American legal theory as an objective enterprise.

    subtitle: American Legal-Economic Theory and the Quest for Objectivity
  • Understories
    Author(s): Kosek, Jake
    Abstract:

    Through lively, engaging narrative, Understories demonstrates how volatile politics of race, class, and nation animate the notoriously violent struggles over forests in the southwestern United States. Rather than reproduce traditional understandings of nature and environment, Jake Kosek shifts the focus toward material and symbolic “natures,” seemingly unchangeable essences central to formations of race, class, and nation that are being remade not just through conflicts over resources but also through everyday practices by Chicano activists, white environmentalists, and state officials as well as nuclear scientists, heroin addicts, and health workers. Drawing on two years of ethnographic fieldwork and extensive archival research, he shows how these contentious natures are integral both to environmental politics and the formation of racialized citizens, politicized landscapes, and modern regimes of rule.

    Kosek traces the histories of forest extraction and labor exploitation in northern New Mexico, where Hispano residents have forged passionate attachments to place. He describes how their sentiments of dispossession emerged through land tenure systems and federal management programs that remade forest landscapes as exclusionary sites of national and racial purity. Fusing fine-grained ethnography with insights gleaned from cultural studies and science studies, Kosek shows how the nationally beloved Smokey the Bear became a symbol of white racist colonialism for many Hispanos in the region, while Los Alamos National Laboratory, at once revered and reviled, remade regional ecologies and economies. Understories offers an innovative vision of environmental politics, one that challenges scholars as well as activists to radically rework their understandings of relations between nature, justice, and identity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388302
    Publication Date: 2006-11-17
    author-list-text: Jake Kosek
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jake Kosek
    contrib-author: Jake Kosek
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388302
    illustrations-note: 36 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338321
    isbn-paper: 9780822338475
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    A lively, engaging ethnography that demonstrates how a volatile politics of race, class, and nation animates the infamously violent struggles over forests in the U.S. Southwest.

    subtitle: The Political Life of Forests in Northern New Mexico
  • Undoing Monogamy
    Author(s): Willey, Angela
    Abstract:

    In Undoing Monogamy Angela Willey offers a radically interdisciplinary exploration of the concept of monogamy in U.S. science and culture, propelled by queer feminist desires for new modes of conceptualization and new forms of belonging. She approaches the politics and materiality of monogamy as intertwined with one another such that disciplinary ways of knowing themselves become an object of critical inquiry. Refusing to answer the naturalization of monogamy with a naturalization of nonmonogamy, Willey demands a critical reorientation toward the monogamy question in the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. The book examines colonial sexual science, monogamous voles, polyamory, and the work of Alison Bechdel and Audre Lorde to show how challenging the lens through which human nature is seen as monogamous or nonmonogamous forces us to reconsider our investments in coupling and in disciplinary notions of biological bodies. 

     

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374213
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    author-list-text: Angela Willey
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Angela Willey
    contrib-author: Angela Willey
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374213
    illustrations-note: 9 illsutrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361404
    isbn-paper: 9780822361596
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In Undoing Monogamy Angela Willey analyzes the contemporary science of monogamy, demanding a critical reorientation toward the understanding of monogamy and non-monogamy in the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities.

    subtitle: The Politics of Science and the Possibilities of Biology
  • Unearthing Conflict
    Author(s): Li, Fabiana
    Abstract:

    In Unearthing Conflict Fabiana Li analyzes the aggressive expansion and modernization of mining in Peru since the 1990s to tease out the dynamics of mining-based protests. Issues of water scarcity and pollution, the loss of farmland, and the degradation of sacred land are especially contentious. She traces the emergence of the conflicts by discussing the smelter-town of La Oroya—where people have lived with toxic emissions for almost a century—before focusing her analysis on the relatively new Yanacocha gold mega-mine. Debates about what kinds of knowledge count as legitimate, Li argues, lie at the core of activist and corporate mining campaigns. Li pushes against the concept of "equivalence"—or methods with which to quantify and compare things such as pollution—to explain how opposing groups interpret environmental regulations, assess a project’s potential impacts, and negotiate monetary compensation for damages. This politics of equivalence is central to these mining controversies, and Li uncovers the mechanisms through which competing parties create knowledge, assign value, arrive at contrasting definitions of pollution, and construct the Peruvian mountains as spaces under constant negotiation.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375869
    Publication Date: 2015-03-09
    author-list-text: Fabiana Li
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Fabiana Li
    contrib-author: Fabiana Li
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375869
    illustrations-note: 20 Illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358190
    isbn-paper: 9780822358312
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Fabiana Li examines the politics surrounding the rapid growth of mining in the Peruvian Andes, arguing that anti-mining protests are not only about mining's negative environmental impacts, but about the legitimization of contested forms of knowledge.  

    subtitle: Corporate Mining, Activism, and Expertise in Peru
  • Unearthing Gender
    Author(s): Jassal, Smita Tewari
    Abstract:

    Unearthing Gender is a compelling ethnographic analysis of folksongs sung primarily by lower-caste women in north India, in the fields, at weddings, during travels, and in other settings. Smita Tewari Jassal uses these songs to explore how ideas of caste, gender, sexuality, labor, and power may be strengthened, questioned, and fine-tuned through music. At the heart of the book is a library of songs, in their original Bhojpuri and in English translation, framed by Jassal's insights into the complexities of gender and power.

    The significance of these folksongs, Jassal argues, lies in their suggesting and hinting at themes, rather than directly addressing them: women sing what they often cannot talk about. Women's lives, their feelings, their relationships, and their social and familial bonds are persuasively presented in song. For the ethnographer, the songs offer an entry into the everyday cultures of marginalized groups of women who have rarely been the focus of systematic analytical inquiry.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394792
    Publication Date: 2012-03-26
    author-list-text: Smita Tewari Jassal
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Smita Tewari Jassal
    contrib-author: Smita Tewari Jassal
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394792
    illustrations-note: 30 photographs, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351191
    isbn-paper: 9780822351306
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This book analyzes the folk songs from the Bhojpuri-speaking regions of North India to explore how ideas of gender, caste, and class are socially constructed, transmitted, questioned, and reaffirmed through their performance.

    subtitle: Folksongs of North India
  • Unequal Cures
    Author(s): Zulawski, Ann
    Abstract:

    Unequal Cures illuminates the connections between public health and political change in Bolivia from the beginning of the twentieth century, when the country was a political oligarchy, until the eve of the 1952 national revolution that ushered in universal suffrage, agrarian reform, and the nationalization of Bolivia’s tin mines. Ann Zulawski examines both how the period’s major ideological and social transformations changed medical thinking and how ideas of public health figured in debates about what kind of country Bolivia should become. Zulawski argues that the emerging populist politics of the 1930s and 1940s helped consolidate Bolivia’s medical profession and that improved public health was essential to the creation of a modern state. Yet she finds that at mid-century, women, indigenous Bolivians, and the poor were still considered inferior and consequently received often inadequate medical treatment and lower levels of medical care.

    Drawing on hospital and cemetery records, censuses, diagnoses, newspaper accounts, and interviews, Zulawski describes the major medical problems that Bolivia faced during the first half of the twentieth century, their social and economic causes, and efforts at their amelioration. Her analysis encompasses the Rockefeller Foundation’s campaign against yellow fever, the almost total collapse of Bolivia’s health care system during the disastrous Chaco War with Paraguay (1932–35), an assessment of women’s health in light of their socioeconomic realities, and a look at Manicomio Pacheco, the national mental hospital.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390022
    Publication Date: 2006-12-27
    author-list-text: Ann Zulawski
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ann Zulawski
    contrib-author: Ann Zulawski
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390022
    illustrations-note: 12 b&w photos, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339007
    isbn-paper: 9780822339168
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    First systematic medical history of Bolivia for the 20th century, viewing political change from the perspective of public health.

    subtitle: Public Health and Political Change in Bolivia, 1900–1950
  • Uneven Encounters
    Author(s): Seigel, Micol; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.
    Abstract:

    In Uneven Encounters, Micol Seigel chronicles the exchange of popular culture between Brazil and the United States in the years between the World Wars, and demonstrates how that exchange affected ideas of race and nation in both countries. From Americans interpreting advertisements for Brazilian coffee or dancing the Brazilian maxixe, to Rio musicians embracing the “foreign” qualities of jazz, Seigel traces a lively, cultural back and forth. Along the way, she shows how race and nation for both elites and non-elites are constructed together, and driven by global cultural and intellectual currents as well as local, regional, and national ones.

    Seigel explores the circulation of images of Brazilian coffee and of maxixe in the United States during the period just after the imperial expansions of the early twentieth century. Exoticist interpretations structured North Americans’ paradoxical sense of themselves as productive “consumer citizens.” Some people, however, could not simply assume the privileges of citizenship. In their struggles against racism, Afro-descended citizens living in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, New York, and Chicago encountered images and notions of each other, and found them useful. Seigel introduces readers to cosmopolitan Afro-Brazilians and African Americans who rarely traveled far from home but who nonetheless absorbed ideas from abroad. She suggests that studies comparing U.S. and Brazilian racial identities as two distinct constructions are misconceived. Racial formation transcends national borders; attempts to understand it must do the same.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392170
    Publication Date: 2010-07-01
    author-list-text: Micol Seigel, Gilbert M. Joseph and Emily S. Rosenberg
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Micol Seigel,
    2. Gilbert M. Joseph and
    3. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-author: Micol Seigel
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392170
    illustrations-note: 19 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344261
    isbn-paper: 9780822344407
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    This chronicle of the exchange of popular culture between Brazil and the United States in the interwar years shows how that exchange affected both countries ideas of race and nation.

    subtitle: Making Race and Nation in Brazil and the United States
  • Unfree Masters
    Author(s): Stahl, Matt
    Abstract:

    In Unfree Masters, Matt Stahl examines recording artists' labor in the music industry as a form of creative work. He argues that the widespread perception of singers and musicians as free individuals doing enjoyable and fulfilling work obscures the realities of their occupation. Stahl begins by considering the television show American Idol and the rockumentary Dig! (2004), tracing how narratives of popular music making in contemporary America highlight musicians' negotiations of the limits of autonomy and mobility in creative cultural-industrial work.

    Turning to struggles between recording artists and record companies over the laws that govern their contractual relationships, Stahl reveals other tensions and contradictions in this form of work. He contends that contract and copyright disputes between musicians and music industry executives, as well as media narratives of music making, contribute to American socioeconomic discourse and expose basic tensions between the democratic principles of individual autonomy and responsibility and the power of employers to control labor and appropriate its products. Stahl maintains that attention to the labor and property issues that he discloses in relation to musicians and the music industry can stimulate insights about the political, economic, and imaginative challenges currently facing all working people.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395775
    Publication Date: 2012-11-26
    author-list-text: Matt Stahl
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Matt Stahl
    contrib-author: Matt Stahl
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395775
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353287
    isbn-paper: 9780822353430
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring American music
    short-abstract:

    In Unfree Masters, Matt Stahl examines recording artists' labor in the music industry as a form of creative work. He argues that the widespread perception of singers and musicians as free individuals doing enjoyable and fulfilling work obscures the realities of their occupation.

    subtitle: Popular Music and the Politics of Work
  • Unreasonable Histories
    Author(s): Lee, Christopher J.
    Abstract:

    In Unreasonable Histories, Christopher J. Lee unsettles the parameters and content of African studies as currently understood. At the book's core are the experiences of multiracial Africans in British Central Africa—contemporary Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Zambia—from the 1910s to the 1960s. Drawing on a spectrum of evidence—including organizational documents, court records, personal letters, commission reports, popular periodicals, photographs, and oral testimony—Lee traces the emergence of Anglo-African, Euro-African, and Eurafrican subjectivities which constituted a grassroots Afro-Britishness that defied colonial categories of native and non-native. Discriminated against and often impoverished, these subaltern communities crafted a genealogical imagination that reconfigured kinship and racial descent to make political claims and generate affective meaning. But these critical histories equally confront a postcolonial reason that has occluded these experiences, highlighting uneven imperial legacies that still remain. Based on research in five countries, Unreasonable Histories ultimately revisits foundational questions in the field, to argue for the continent's diverse heritage and to redefine the meanings of being African in the past and present—and for the future.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376378
    Publication Date: 2014-11-10
    author-list-text: Christopher J. Lee
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Christopher J. Lee
    contrib-author: Christopher J. Lee
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822376378
    illustrations-note: 51 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357131
    isbn-paper: 9780822357254
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical Perspectives
    subtitle: Nativism, Multiracial Lives, and the Genealogical Imagination in British Africa
  • Unruly Immigrants
    Author(s): Das Gupta, Monisha
    Abstract:

    In Unruly Immigrants, Monisha Das Gupta explores the innovative strategies that South Asian feminist, queer, and labor organizations in the United States have developed to assert claims to rights for immigrants without the privileges or security of citizenship. Since the 1980s many South Asian immigrants have found the India-centered “model minority” politics of previous generations inadequate to the task of redressing problems such as violence against women, homophobia, racism, and poverty. Thus they have devised new models of immigrant advocacy, seeking rights that are mobile rather than rooted in national membership, and advancing their claims as migrants rather than as citizens-to-be. Creating social justice organizations, they have inventively constructed a transnational complex of rights by drawing on local, national, and international laws to seek entitlements for their constituencies.

    Das Gupta offers an ethnography of seven South Asian organizations in the northeastern United States, looking at their development and politics as well as the conflicts that have emerged within the groups over questions of sexual, class, and political identities. She examines the ways that women’s organizations have defined and responded to questions of domestic violence as they relate to women’s immigration status; she describes the construction of a transnational South Asian queer identity and culture by people often marginalized by both mainstream South Asian and queer communities in the United States; and she draws attention to the efforts of labor groups who have sought economic justice for taxi drivers and domestic workers by confronting local policies that exploit cheap immigrant labor. Responding to the shortcomings of the state, their communities, and the larger social movements of which they are a part, these groups challenge the assumption that citizenship is the necessary basis of rights claims.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388173
    Publication Date: 2006-10-10
    author-list-text: Monisha Das Gupta
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Monisha Das Gupta
    contrib-author: Monisha Das Gupta
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388173
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338581
    isbn-paper: 9780822338987
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An analysis of how South Asian feminist, queer, and labor organizations in the United States have claimed rights for immigrants who do not have the privileges of citizenship.

    subtitle: Rights, Activism, and Transnational South Asian Politics in the United States
  • Unsettled Visions
    Author(s): Machida, Margo; Thomas, Nicholas
    Abstract:

    In Unsettled Visions, the activist, curator, and scholar Margo Machida presents a pioneering, in-depth exploration of contemporary Asian American visual art. Machida focuses on works produced during the watershed 1990s, when surging Asian immigration had significantly altered the demographic, cultural, and political contours of Asian America, and a renaissance in Asian American art and visual culture was well underway. Machida conducted extensive interviews with ten artists working during this transformative period: women and men of Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Vietnamese, Korean, and Japanese descent, most of whom migrated to the United States. In dialogue with the artists, Machida illuminates and contextualizes the origins of and intent behind bodies of their work. Unsettled Visions is an engrossing look at a vital art scene and a subtle account of the multiple, shifting meanings of “Asianness” in Asian American art.

    Analyses of the work of individual artists are grouped around three major themes that Asian American artists engaged with during the 1990s: representations of the Other; social memory and trauma; and migration, diaspora, and sense of place. Machida considers the work of the photographers Pipo Nguyen-duy and Hanh Thi Pham, the printmaker and sculptor Zarina Hashmi, and installations by the artists Tomie Arai, Ming Fay, and Yong Soon Min. She examines the work of Marlon Fuentes, whose films and photographs play with the stereotyping conventions of visual anthropology, and prints in which Allan deSouza addresses the persistence of Orientalism in American popular culture. Machida reflects on Kristine Aono’s museum installations embodying the multigenerational effects of the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II and on Y. David Chung’s representations of urban spaces transformed by migration in works ranging from large-scale charcoal drawings to multimedia installations and an “electronic rap opera.”

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391746
    Publication Date: 2009-01-02
    author-list-text: Margo Machida and Nicholas Thomas
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Margo Machida and
    2. Nicholas Thomas
    contrib-author: Margo Machida
    contrib-series-editor: Nicholas Thomas
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822391746
    illustrations-note: 65 color illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341871
    isbn-paper: 9780822342045
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories
    short-abstract:

    A study of how artists of diverse Asian heritages and generational backgrounds use their artwork to articulate complex notions of identity and identification as Asians living in the United States.

    subtitle: Contemporary Asian American Artists and the Social Imaginary
  • Unsettling Accounts
    Author(s): Payne, Leigh A.; Whitehead, Neil L.; Fair, Jo Ellen
    Abstract:

    An Argentine naval officer remorsefully admits that he killed thirty people during Argentina’s Dirty War. A member of General Augusto Pinochet’s intelligence service reveals on a television show that he took sadistic pleasure in the sexual torture of women in clandestine prisons. A Brazilian military officer draws on his own experiences to write a novel describing the military’s involvement in a massacre during the 1970s. The head of a police death squad refuses to become the scapegoat for apartheid-era violence in South Africa; he begins to name names and provide details of past atrocities to the Truth Commission. Focusing on these and other confessions to acts of authoritarian state violence, Leigh A. Payne asks what happens when perpetrators publicly admit or discuss their actions. While mechanisms such as South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission are touted as means of settling accounts with the past, Payne contends that public confessions do not settle the past. They are unsettling by nature. Rather than reconcile past violence, they catalyze contentious debate. She argues that this debate—and the public confessions that trigger it—are healthy for democratic processes of political participation, freedom of expression, and the contestation of political ideas.

    Payne draws on interviews, unedited television film, newspaper archives, and books written by perpetrators to analyze confessions of state violence in Argentina, Chile, Brazil, and South Africa. Each of these four countries addressed its past through a different institutional form—from blanket amnesty, to conditional amnesty based on confessions, to judicial trials. Payne considers perpetrators’ confessions as performance, examining what they say and what they communicate nonverbally; the timing, setting, and reception of their confessions; and the different ways that they portray their pasts, whether in terms of remorse, heroism, denial, or sadism, or through lies or betrayal.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390435
    Publication Date: 2007-12-21
    author-list-text: Leigh A. Payne, Neil L. Whitehead and Jo Ellen Fair
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Leigh A. Payne,
    2. Neil L. Whitehead and
    3. Jo Ellen Fair
    contrib-author: Leigh A. Payne
    contrib-series-editor: Neil L. Whitehead; Jo Ellen Fair
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822390435
    illustrations-note: 22 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340614
    isbn-paper: 9780822340829
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    Focuses on perpetrators of human rights crimes, investigating confessions by human rights violators in contexts of transitional justice in South America and South Africa.

    subtitle: Neither Truth nor Reconciliation in Confessions of State Violence
  • Unsettling India
    Author(s): Mankekar, Purnima
    Abstract:

    In Unsettling India, Purnima Mankekar offers a new understanding of the affective and temporal dimensions of how India and “Indianness,” as objects of knowledge production and mediation, circulate through transnational public cultures. Based on over a decade of ethnographic fieldwork in New Delhi and the San Francisco Bay Area, Mankekar tracks the sense of unsettlement experienced by her informants in both places, disrupting binary conceptions of homeland and diaspora, and the national and transnational. She examines Bollywood films, Hindi TV shows, advertisements, and such commodities as Indian groceries as interconnected nodes in the circulation of transnational public cultures that continually reconfigure affective connections to India and what it means to be Indian, both within the country and outside. Drawing on media and cultural studies, feminist anthropology, and Asian/Asian American studies, this book deploys unsettlement as an analytic to trace modes of belonging and not-belonging.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375838
    Publication Date: 2015-01-21
    author-list-text: Purnima Mankekar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Purnima Mankekar
    contrib-author: Purnima Mankekar
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375838
    illustrations-note: 19 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358220
    isbn-paper: 9780822358367
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Mankekar offers a new understanding of the affective and temporal dimensions of how India and “Indianness,” as objects of knowledge production and mediation, circulate through transnational public cultures.

    subtitle: Affect, Temporality, Transnationality
  • Unspeakable Violence
    Author(s): Guidotti-Hernández, Nicole M.
    Abstract:

    Unspeakable Violence addresses the epistemic and physical violence inflicted on racialized and gendered subjects in the U.S.–Mexico borderlands from the mid-nineteenth century through the early twentieth. Arguing that this violence was fundamental to U.S., Mexican, and Chicana/o nationalisms, Nicole M. Guidotti-Hernández examines the lynching of a Mexican woman in California in 1851, the Camp Grant Indian Massacre of 1871, the racism evident in the work of the anthropologist Jovita González, and the attempted genocide, between 1876 and 1907, of the Yaqui Indians in the Arizona–Sonora borderlands. Guidotti-Hernández shows that these events have been told and retold in ways that have produced particular versions of nationhood and effaced other issues. Scrutinizing stories of victimization and resistance, and celebratory narratives of mestizaje and hybridity in Chicana/o, Latina/o, and borderlands studies, she contends that by not acknowledging the racialized violence perpetrated by Mexicans, Chicanas/os, and indigenous peoples, as well as Anglos, narratives of mestizaje and resistance inadvertently privilege certain brown bodies over others. Unspeakable Violence calls for a new, transnational feminist approach to violence, gender, sexuality, race, and citizenship in the borderlands.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394495
    Publication Date: 2011-09-01
    author-list-text: Nicole M. Guidotti-Hernández
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nicole M. Guidotti-Hernández
    contrib-author: Nicole M. Guidotti-Hernández
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394495
    illustrations-note: 8 figures, 3 tables, 5 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350576
    isbn-paper: 9780822350750
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America otherwise : languages, empires, nations
    short-abstract:

    Unspeakable Violence argues that racialized and gendered violence in the U.S. Mexico borderlands from the mid-nineteenth century through the early twentieth was fundamental to U.S., Mexican, and Chicano/a nationalisms.

    subtitle: Remapping U.S. and Mexican National Imaginaries
  • Untimely Bollywood
    Author(s): Rai, Amit S.
    Abstract:

    Known for its elaborate spectacle of music, dance, costumes, and fantastical story lines, Bollywood cinema is a genre that foregrounds narrative rupture, indeterminacy, and bodily sensation. In Untimely Bollywood, Amit S. Rai argues that the fast-paced, multivalent qualities of contemporary Bollywood cinema are emblematic of the changing conditions of media consumption in a globalizing India. Through analyses of contemporary media practices, Rai shifts the emphasis from a representational and linear understanding of the effects of audiovisual media to the multiple, contradictory, and evolving aspects of media events. He uses the Deleuzian concept of assemblage as a model for understanding the complex clustering of technological, historical, and physical processes that give rise to contemporary media practices. Exploring the ramifications of globalized media, he sheds light on how cinema and other popular media organize bodies, populations, and spaces in order to manage the risky excesses of power and sensation and to reinforce a liberalized postcolonial economy.

    Rai recounts his experience of attending the first showing of a Bollywood film in a single-screen theater in Bhopal: the sensory experience of the exhibition space, the sound system, the visual style of the film, the crush of the crowd. From that event, he elicits an understanding of cinema as a historically contingent experience of pleasure, a place where the boundaries of identity and social spaces are dissolved and redrawn. He considers media as a form of contagion, endlessly mutating and spreading, connecting human bodies, organizational structures, and energies, thus creating an inextricable bond between affect and capital. Expanding on the notion of media contagion, Rai traces the emerging correlation between the postcolonial media assemblage and capitalist practices, such as viral marketing and the development of multiplexes and malls in India.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392330
    Publication Date: 2009-05-06
    author-list-text: Amit S. Rai
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Amit S. Rai
    contrib-author: Amit S. Rai
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392330
    illustrations-note: 29 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343943
    isbn-paper: 9780822344124
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    An argument that the fast-paced, multivalent qualities of contemporary Bollywood cinema are emblematic of the changing conditions of media consumption in a globalizing India.

    subtitle: Globalization and India’s New Media Assemblage
  • Unveiling Traditions
    Author(s): Majid, Anouar
    Abstract:

    In Unveiling Traditions Anouar Majid issues a challenge to the West to reimagine Islam as a progressive world culture and a participant in the building of a multicultural and more egalitarian world civilization. From within the highly secularized space it inhabits, a space endemically suspicious of religion, the West must find a way, writes Majid, to embrace Islamic societies as partners in building a more inclusive and culturally diverse global community.

    Majid moves beyond Edward Said’s unmasking of orientalism in the West to examine the intellectual assumptions that have prevented a more nuanced understanding of Islam’s legacies. In addition to questioning the pervasive logic that assumes the “naturalness” of European social and political organizations, he argues that it is capitalism that has intensified cultural misunderstanding and created global tensions. Besides examining the resiliency of orientalism, the author critically examines the ideologies of nationalism and colonialist categories that have redefined the identity of Muslims (especially Arabs and Africans) in the modern age and totally remapped their cultural geographies. Majid is aware of the need for Muslims to rethink their own assumptions. Addressing the crisis in Arab-Muslim thought caused by a desire to simultaneously “catch up” with the West and also preserve Muslim cultural authenticity, he challenges Arab and Muslim intellectuals to imagine a post-capitalist, post-Eurocentric future. Critical of Islamic patriarchal practices and capitalist hegemony, Majid contends that Muslim feminists have come closest to theorizing a notion of emancipation that rescues Islam from patriarchal domination and resists Eurocentric prejudices.

    Majid’s timely appeal for a progressive, multicultural dialogue that would pave the way to a polycentric world will interest students and scholars of postcolonial, cultural, Islamic, and Marxist studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380542
    Publication Date: 2000-11-08
    author-list-text: Anouar Majid
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Anouar Majid
    contrib-author: Anouar Majid
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380542
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326298
    isbn-paper: 9780822326236
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Questions the intellectual assumptions that prevent an understanding of potential Islamic contributions toward a more egalitarian world civilization.

    subtitle: Postcolonial Islam in a Polycentric World
  • Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle
    Author(s): Segal, Daniel A.; Yanagisako, Sylvia J.; Clifford, James; Lederman, Rena
    Abstract:

    Lively, forceful, and impassioned, Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle is a major intervention in debates about the configuration of the discipline of anthropology. In the essays brought together in this provocative collection, prominent anthropologists consider the effects of and alternatives to the standard definition of the discipline as a “holistic” study of humanity based on the integration of the four fields of archaeology, biological anthropology, sociocultural anthropology, and linguistic anthropology. Editors Daniel A. Segal and Sylvia J. Yanagisako provide a powerful introduction to the volume. Unabashed in their criticism of the four-field structure, they argue that North American anthropology is tainted by its roots in nineteenth-century social evolutionary thought.

    The essayists consider the complex state of anthropology, its relation to other disciplines and the public sphere beyond academia, the significance of the convergence of linguistic and cultural anthropology, and whether or not anthropology is the best home for archaeology. While the contributors are not in full agreement with one another, they all critique “official” definitions of anthropology as having a fixed, four-field core. The editors are keenly aware that anthropology is too protean to be remade along the lines of any master plan, and this volume does not offer one. It does open discussions of anthropology’s institutional structure to all possible outcomes, including the refashioning of the discipline as it now exists.

    Contributors. James Clifford, Ian Hodder, Rena Lederman, Daniel A. Segal, Michael Silverstein, Sylvia J. Yanagisako

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386841
    Publication Date: 2005-04-14
    author-list-text: James Clifford and Rena Lederman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James Clifford and
    2. Rena Lederman
    contrib-editor: Daniel A. Segal; Sylvia J. Yanagisako
    contrib-other: James Clifford; Rena Lederman
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386841
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334620
    isbn-paper: 9780822334743
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection that debates and studies how to revise the four-field approach of anthropology.

    subtitle: Reflections on the Disciplining of Anthropology
  • Uplift Cinema
    Author(s): Field, Allyson Nadia
    Abstract:

    In Uplift Cinema, Allyson Nadia Field recovers the significant yet forgotten legacy of African American filmmaking in the 1910s. Like the racial uplift project, this cinema emphasized economic self-sufficiency, education, and respectability as the keys to African American progress. Field discusses films made at the Tuskegee and Hampton Institutes to promote education, as well as the controversial The New Era, which was an antiracist response to D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation. She also shows how Black filmmakers in New York and Chicago engaged with uplift through the promotion of Black modernity. Uplift cinema developed not just as a response to onscreen racism, but constituted an original engagement with the new medium that has had a deep and lasting significance for African American cinema. Although none of these films survived, Field's examination of archival film ephemera presents a method for studying lost films that opens up new frontiers for exploring early film culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375555
    Publication Date: 2015-05-18
    author-list-text: Allyson Nadia Field
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Allyson Nadia Field
    contrib-author: Allyson Nadia Field
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375555
    illustrations-note: 68 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359074
    isbn-paper: 9780822358817
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Allyson Nadia Field recovers the forgotten body of African American filmmaking from the 1910s which she calls uplift cinema. These films were part of the racial uplift project, which emphasized education, respectability, and self-sufficiency, and weren't only responses to racist representations of African Americans in other films.

    subtitle: The Emergence of African American Film and the Possibility of Black Modernity
  • Useful Cinema
    Author(s): Acland, Charles R.; Wasson, Haidee
    Abstract:

    By exploring the use of film in mid-twentieth-century institutions, including libraries, museums, classrooms, and professional organizations, the essays in Useful Cinema show how moving images became an ordinary feature of American life. In venues such as factories and community halls, people encountered industrial, educational, training, advertising, and other types of “useful cinema.” Screening these films transformed unlikely spaces, conveyed ideas, and produced subjects in the service of public and private aims. Such functional motion pictures helped to shape common sense about cinema’s place in contemporary life. Whether measured in terms of the number of films shown, the size of audiences, or the economic activity generated, the “non-theatrical sector” was a substantial and enduring parallel to the more spectacular realm of commercial film. In Useful Cinema, scholars examine organizations such as UNESCO, the YMCA, the Amateur Cinema League, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. They also consider film exhibition sites in schools, businesses, and industries. As they expand understanding of this other American cinema, the contributors challenge preconceived notions about what cinema is.

    Contributors. Charles R. Acland, Joseph Clark, Zoë Druick, Ronald Walter Greene, Alison Griffiths, Stephen Groening, Jennifer Horne, Kirsten Ostherr, Eric Smoodin, Charles Tepperman, Gregory A. Waller, Haidee Wasson. Michael Zryd

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394167
    Publication Date: 2011-09-01
    contrib-editor: Charles R. Acland; Haidee Wasson
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394167
    illustrations-note: 56 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349976
    isbn-paper: 9780822350095
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    By exploring the use of film in mid-twentieth-century institutions including libraries, classrooms, and professional organizations, film scholars show how moving images became an ordinary feature of American life.

    subtitle:
  • Useful Knowledge
    Author(s): Rauch, Alan
    Abstract:

    Nineteenth-century England witnessed an unprecedented increase in the number of publications and institutions devoted to the creation and the dissemination of knowledge: encyclopedias, scientific periodicals, instruction manuals, scientific societies, children’s literature, mechanics’ institutes, museums of natural history, and lending libraries. In Useful Knowledge Alan Rauch presents a social, cultural, and literary history of this new knowledge industry and traces its relationships within nineteenth-century literature, ending with its eventual confrontation with Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species.

    Rauch discusses both the influence and the ideology of knowledge in terms of how it affected nineteenth-century anxieties about moral responsibility and religious beliefs. Drawing on a wide array of literary, scientific, and popular works of the period, the book focusses on the growing importance of scientific knowledge and its impact on Victorian culture. From discussions of Jane Webb Loudon’s The Mummy! and Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, to Charlotte Brontë’s The Professor, Charles Kingsley’s Alton Locke, and George Eliot’s Mill on the Floss, Rauch paints a fascinating picture of nineteenth-century culture and addresses issues related to the proliferation of knowledge and the moral issues of this time period. Useful Knowledge touches on social and cultural anxieties that offer both historical and contemporary insights on our ongoing preoccupation with knowledge.

    Useful Knowledge will appeal to readers interested in nineteenth century history, literature, culture, the mediation of knowledge, and the history of science.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383154
    Publication Date: 2001-06-26
    author-list-text: Alan Rauch
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Alan Rauch
    contrib-author: Alan Rauch
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383154
    illustrations-note: 20 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326632
    isbn-paper: 9780822326687
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A statement on how “knowledge” is socialized and assimilated by a culture, investigating popular and canonical fiction, early encyclopedias, and other popular efforts at mass education and knowledge dissemination.

    subtitle: The Victorians, Morality, and the March of Intellect
  • Utopia and Cosmopolis
    Author(s): Peyser, Thomas
    Abstract:

    When did Americans first believe they were at the center of a truly global culture? How did they envision that culture and how much do recent attitudes toward globalization owe to their often utopian dreams? In Utopia and Cosmopolis Thomas Peyser asks these and other questions, offers a reevaluation of American literature and culture at the dawn of the twentieth century, and provides a new context for understanding contemporary debates about America’s relation to the rest of the world.

    Applying current theoretical work on globalization to the writing of authors as diverse as Edward Bellamy, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, William Dean Howells, and Henry James, Peyser reveals the ways in which turn-of-the-century American writers struggled to understand the future in a newly emerging global community. Because the pressures of globalization at once fostered the formation of an American national culture and made national culture less viable as a source of identity, authors grappled to find a form of fiction that could accommodate the contradictions of their condition. Utopia and Cosmopolis unites utopian and realist narratives in subtle, startling ways through an examination of these writers’ aspirations and anxieties. Whether exploring the first vision of a world brought together by the power of consumer culture, or showing how different cultures could be managed when reconceived as specimens in a museum, this book steadily extends the horizons within which late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century American literature and culture can be understood.

    Ranging widely over history, politics, philosophy, and literature, Utopia and Cosmopolis is an important contribution to debates about utopian thought, globalization, and American literature.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822398905
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Thomas Peyser
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Thomas Peyser
    contrib-author: Thomas Peyser
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822398905
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322306
    isbn-paper: 9780822322474
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    subtitle: Globalization in the Era of American Literary Realism
  • Utopia Limited
    Author(s): DeKoven, Marianne; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric
    Abstract:

    Utopia Limited is an original, engaging account of how postmodernism emerged from the political and cultural upheaval of the 1960s. Marianne DeKoven argues that aspects of sixties radical politics and culture simultaneously embodied the full, final flowering of the modern and the beginning of the postmodern. Analyzing classic sixties texts, DeKoven shows where the utopian master narratives underlying the radical and countercultural movements gave way to the “utopia limited” of the postmodern as a range of competing political values and desires came to the fore. She identifies the pivots where the modern was superseded by the nascent postmodern: where modern mass culture was replaced by postmodern popular culture, modern egalitarianism morphed into postmodern populism, and modern individualism fragmented into postmodern politics and cultures of subjectivity.

    DeKoven rigorously analyzes a broad array of cultural and political texts important in the sixties—from popular favorites such as William S. Burroughs’s Naked Lunch to political manifestoes including The Port Huron Statement, the founding document of SDS (Students for a Democratic Society). She examines texts that overtly discuss the conflict in Vietnam, Black Power, and second-wave feminism—including Frances FitzGerald’s Fire in the Lake, James Baldwin’s The Fire Next Time, and Shulamith Firestone’s The Dialectic of Sex; experimental pieces such as The Living Theatre’s Paradise Now; influential philosophical works including Roland Barthes’s Mythologies and Herbert Marcuse’s One-Dimensional Man; and explorations of Las Vegas, the prime location of postmodernity. Providing extensive annotated bibliographies on both the sixties and postmodernism, Utopia Limited is an invaluable resource for understanding the impact of that tumultuous decade on the present.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385455
    Publication Date: 2004-04-19
    author-list-text: Marianne DeKoven, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Marianne DeKoven,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Marianne DeKoven
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385455
    illustrations-note: 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332800
    isbn-paper: 9780822332695
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    short-abstract:

    The end of the modern and the emergence of the postmodern in 1960s philosophy, literature, and popular culture.

    subtitle: The Sixties and the Emergence of the Postmodern

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