Browse by Title : S

  • Saamaka Dreaming
    Author(s): Price, Richard; Price, Sally
    Abstract:

    When Richard and Sally Price stepped out of the canoe to begin their fieldwork with the Saamaka Maroons of Suriname in 1966, they were met with a mixture of curiosity, suspicion, ambivalence, hostility, and fascination. With their gradual acceptance into the community they undertook the work that would shape their careers and influence the study of African American societies throughout the hemisphere for decades to come. In Saamaka Dreaming they look back on the experience, reflecting on a discipline and a society that are considerably different today. Drawing on thousands of pages of field notes, as well as recordings, file cards, photos, and sketches, the Prices retell and comment on the most intensive fieldwork of their careers, evoke the joys and hardships of building relationships and trust, and outline their personal adaptation to this unfamiliar universe. The book is at once a moving human story, a portrait of a remarkable society, and a thought-provoking revelation about the development of anthropology over the past half-century.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372868
    Publication Date: 2017-07-14
    author-list-text: Richard Price and Sally Price
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Richard Price and
    2. Sally Price
    contrib-author: Richard Price; Sally Price
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372868
    illustrations-note: 42 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822369660
    isbn-paper: 9780822369783
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The eminent anthropologists Richard and Sally Price look back at their first years living among the Saamaka maroons in Suriname in the late 1960s, retelling the evolution of their personal lives and careers, relationships with the Saamaka, and the field of anthropology.

    subtitle:
  • Safe Space
    Author(s): Hanhardt, Christina B.
    Abstract:

    Winner, 2014 Lambda Literary Award in LGBT StudiesSince the 1970s, a key goal of lesbian and gay activists has been protection against street violence, especially in gay neighborhoods. During the same time, policymakers and private developers declared the containment of urban violence to be a top priority. In this important book, Christina B. Hanhardt examines how LGBT calls for "safe space" have been shaped by broader public safety initiatives that have sought solutions in policing and privatization and have had devastating effects along race and class lines.

    Drawing on extensive archival and ethnographic research in New York City and San Francisco, Hanhardt traces the entwined histories of LGBT activism, urban development, and U.S. policy in relation to poverty and crime over the past fifty years. She highlights the formation of a mainstream LGBT movement, as well as the very different trajectories followed by radical LGBT and queer grassroots organizations. Placing LGBT activism in the context of shifting liberal and neoliberal policies, Safe Space is a groundbreaking exploration of the contradictory legacies of the LGBT struggle for safety in the city.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378860
    Publication Date: 2013-11-13
    author-list-text: Christina B. Hanhardt
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Christina B. Hanhardt
    contrib-author: Christina B. Hanhardt
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822378860
    illustrations-note: 23 photographs, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354574
    isbn-paper: 9780822354703
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Perverse Modernities
    short-abstract:

    A historical and ethnographic account of how LGBT activism for safe neighborhoods inadvertently dovetailed with and reinforced anticrime measures harmful to the poor and people of color.

    subtitle: Gay Neighborhood History and the Politics of Violence
  • Sainted Women of the Dark Ages
    Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann; Halborg, John E.; Whatley, E. Gordon
    Abstract:

    Sainted Women of the Dark Ages makes available the lives of eighteen Frankish women of the sixth and seventh centuries, all of whom became saints. Written in Latin by contemporaries or near contemporaries, and most translated here for the first time, these biographies cover the period from the fall of the Roman Empire and the conversion of the invading Franks to the rise of Charlemagne's family.

    Three of these holy women were queens who turned to religion only after a period of intense worldly activity. Others were members of the Carolingian family, deeply implicated in the political ambitions of their male relatives. Some were partners in the great Irish missions to the pagan countryside and others worked for the physical salvation of the poor. From the peril and suffering of their lives they shaped themselves as paragons of power and achievement. Beloved by their sisters and communities for their spiritual gifts, they ultimately brought forth a new model of sanctity.

    These biographies are unusually authentic. At least two were written by women who knew their subjects, while others reflect the direct testimony of sisters within the cloister walls. Each biography is accompanied by an introduction and notes that clarify its historical context. This volume will be an excellent source for students and scholars of women's studies and early medieval social, religious, and political history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382362
    Publication Date: 1992-03-30
    contrib-editor: Jo Ann McNamara; John E. Halborg; E. Gordon Whatley
    copyright-year: 1992
    eisbn: 9780822382362
    isbn-cloth: 9780822312000
    isbn-paper: 9780822312161
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Sainted Women of the Dark Ages makes available the lives of eighteen Frankish women of the sixth and seventh centuries, all of whom became saints. Written in Latin by contemporaries or near contemporaries, and most translated here for the first time, these biographies cover the period from the fall of the Roman Empire and the conversion of the invading Franks to the rise of Charlemagne's family.

    Three of these holy women were queens who turned to religion only after a period of intense worldly activity. Others were members of the Carolingian family, deeply implicated in the political ambitions of their male relatives. Some were partners in the great Irish missions to the pagan countryside and others worked for the physical salvation of the poor. From the peril and suffering of their lives they shaped themselves as paragons of power and achievement. Beloved by their sisters and communities for their spirtual gifts, they ultimately brought forth a new model of sanctity.

    These biographies are unusually authentic. At least two were written by women who knew their subjects, while others reflect the direct testimony of sisters within the cloister walls. Each biography is accompanied by an introduction and notes that clarify its historical context. This volume will be an excellent source for students and scholars of women's studies and early medieval social, religious, and political history.

    subtitle:
  • Salsa Crossings
    Author(s): García, Cindy
    Abstract:

    In Los Angeles, night after night, the city's salsa clubs become social arenas where hierarchies of gender, race, and class, and of nationality, citizenship, and belonging are enacted on and off the dance floor. In an ethnography filled with dramatic narratives, Cindy García describes how local salseras/os gain social status by performing an exoticized L.A.–style salsa that distances them from club practices associated with Mexicanness. Many Latinos in Los Angeles try to avoid "dancing like a Mexican," attempting to rid their dancing of techniques that might suggest that they are migrants, poor, working-class, Mexican, or undocumented. In L.A. salsa clubs, social belonging and mobility depend on subtleties of technique and movement. With a well-timed dance-floor exit or the lift of a properly tweezed eyebrow, a dancer signals affiliation not only with a distinctive salsa style but also with a particular conceptualization of latinidad.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378297
    Publication Date: 2013-05-29
    author-list-text: Cindy García
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Cindy García
    contrib-author: Cindy García
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822378297
    illustrations-note: 4 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354819
    isbn-paper: 9780822354970
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin america otherwise : languages, empires, nations
    short-abstract:

    Salsa Crossings is an ethnography describing how hierarchies of gender, race, and class, and of migration, citizenship, and belonging, are enacted on and off the dance floors of Los Angeles salsa clubs.

    subtitle: Dancing Latinidad in Los Angeles
  • Salt in the Sand
    Author(s): Frazier, Lessie Jo; Adams, Julia; Steinmetz, George
    Abstract:

    Salt in the Sand is a compelling historical ethnography of the interplay between memory and state violence in the formation of the Chilean nation-state. The historian and anthropologist Lessie Jo Frazier focuses on northern Chile, which figures prominently in the nation’s history as a site of military glory during the period of national conquest, of labor strikes and massacres in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth, and of state detention and violence during World War II and the Cold War. It was also the site of a mass-grave excavation that galvanized the national human rights movement in 1990, during Chile’s transition from dictatorship to democracy. Frazier analyzes the creation of official and alternative memories of specific instances of state violence in northern Chile from 1890 to the present, tracing how the form and content of those memories changed over time. In so doing, she shows how memory works to create political subjectivities mobilized for specific political projects within what she argues is the always-ongoing process of nation-state formation. Frazier’s broad historical perspective on political culture challenges the conventional periodization of modern Chilean history, particularly the idea that the 1973 military coup marked a radical break with the past.

    Analyzing multiple memories of state violence, Frazier innovatively shapes social and cultural theory to interpret a range of sources, including local and national government archives, personal papers, popular literature and music, interviews, architectural and ceremonial commemorations, and her ethnographic observations of civic associations, women's and environmental groups, and human rights organizations. A masterful integration of extensive empirical research with sophisticated theoretical analysis, Salt in the Sand is a significant contribution to interdisciplinary scholarship on human rights, democratization, state formation, and national trauma and reconciliation.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389668
    Publication Date: 2007-06-26
    author-list-text: Lessie Jo Frazier, Julia Adams and George Steinmetz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lessie Jo Frazier,
    2. Julia Adams and
    3. George Steinmetz
    contrib-author: Lessie Jo Frazier
    contrib-series-editor: Julia Adams; George Steinmetz
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389668
    illustrations-note: 13 illustrations, 5 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339861
    isbn-paper: 9780822340034
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Politics, History, and Culture
    short-abstract:

    A study of memory regimes in popular and official Chilean thought.

    subtitle: Memory, Violence, and the Nation-State in Chile, 1890 to the Present
  • Sandinista
    Author(s): Zimmermann, Matilde
    Abstract:

    “A must-read for anyone interested in Nicaragua—or in the overall issue of social change.”—Margaret Randall, author of SANDINO'S DAUGHTERS and SANDINO'S DAUGHTERS REVISITED 

    Sandinista is the first English-language biography of Carlos Fonseca Amador, the legendary leader of the Sandinista National Liberation Front of Nicaragua (the FSLN) and the most important and influential figure of the post–1959 revolutionary generation in Latin America. Fonseca, killed in battle in 1976, was the undisputed intellectual and strategic leader of the FSLN. In a groundbreaking and fast-paced narrative that draws on a rich archive of previously unpublished Fonseca writings, Matilde Zimmermann sheds new light on central themes in his ideology as well as on internal disputes, ideological shifts, and personalities of the FSLN.

    The first researcher ever to be allowed access to Fonseca’s unpublished writings (collected by the Institute for the Study of Sandinism in the early 1980s and now in the hands of the Nicaraguan Army), Zimmermann also obtained personal interviews with Fonseca’s friends, family members, fellow combatants, and political enemies. Unlike previous scholars, Zimmermann sees the Cuban revolution as the crucial turning point in Fonseca’s political evolution. Furthermore, while others have argued that he rejected Marxism in favor of a more pragmatic nationalism, Zimmermann shows how Fonseca’s political writings remained committed to both socialist revolution and national liberation from U.S. imperialism and followed the ideas of both Che Guevara and the earlier Nicaraguan leader Augusto César Sandino. She further argues that his philosophy embracing the experiences of the nation’s workers and peasants was central to the FSLN’s initial platform and charismatic appeal.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380993
    Publication Date: 2000-12-22
    author-list-text: Matilde Zimmermann
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Matilde Zimmermann
    contrib-author: Matilde Zimmermann
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380993
    illustrations-note: 18 photographs, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325819
    isbn-paper: 9780822325956
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The life and ideas of Carlos Fonseca Amador, founder of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN).

    subtitle: Carlos Fonseca and the Nicaraguan Revolution
  • Sapphic Slashers
    Author(s): Duggan, Lisa
    Abstract:

    On a winter day in 1892, in the broad daylight of downtown Memphis, Tennessee, a middle class woman named Alice Mitchell slashed the throat of her lover, Freda Ward, killing her instantly. Local, national, and international newspapers, medical and scientific publications, and popular fiction writers all clamored to cover the ensuing “girl lovers” murder trial. Lisa Duggan locates in this sensationalized event the emergence of the lesbian in U.S. mass culture and shows how newly “modern” notions of normality and morality that arose from such cases still haunt and distort lesbian and gay politics to the present day.

    Situating this story alongside simultaneously circulating lynching narratives (and its resistant versions, such as those of Memphis antilynching activist Ida B. Wells) Duggan reveals how stories of sex and violence were crucial to the development of American modernity. While careful to point out the differences between the public reigns of terror that led to many lynchings and the rarer instances of the murder of one woman by another privately motivated woman, Duggan asserts that dominant versions of both sets of stories contributed to the marginalization of African Americans and women while solidifying a distinctly white, male, heterosexual form of American citizenship. Having explored the role of turn-of-the-century print media—and in particular their tendency toward sensationalism—Duggan moves next to a review of sexology literature and to novels, most notably Radclyffe Hall’s The Well of Loneliness. Sapphic Slashers concludes with two appendices, one of which presents a detailed summary of Ward’s murder, the trial, and Mitchell’s eventual institutionalization. The other presents transcriptions of letters exchanged between the two women prior to the crime.

    Combining cultural history, feminist and queer theory, narrative analysis, and compelling storytelling, Sapphic Slashers provides the first history of the emergence of the lesbian in twentieth-century mass culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381013
    Publication Date: 2000-12-20
    author-list-text: Lisa Duggan
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lisa Duggan
    contrib-author: Lisa Duggan
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822381013
    illustrations-note: 6 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326090
    isbn-paper: 9780822326175
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Retells and analyzes lesbian love murder stories from the 1890s to the 1930s to show how narratives of sex and violence were used to privatize populations and cultures, substituting a rhetoric of moral pedagogy for democratic debate.

    subtitle: Sex, Violence, and American Modernity
  • Satan s Playground
    Author(s): Vanderwood, Paul J; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.
    Abstract:

    Satan’s Playground chronicles the rise and fall of the tumultuous and lucrative gambling industry that developed just south of the U.S.-Mexico border in the early twentieth century. As prohibitions against liquor, horse racing, gambling, and prostitution swept the United States, the vice industry flourished in and around Tijuana, to the extent that reformers came to call the town “Satan’s Playground,” unintentionally increasing its licentious allure. The area was dominated by Agua Caliente, a large, elegant gaming resort opened by four entrepreneurial Border Barons (three Americans and one Mexican) in 1928. Diplomats, royalty, film stars, sports celebrities, politicians, patricians, and nouveau-riche capitalists flocked to Agua Caliente’s luxurious complex of casinos, hotels, cabarets, and sports extravaganzas, and to its world-renowned thoroughbred racetrack. Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Louis B. Mayer, the Marx Brothers, Bing Crosby, Charlie Chaplin, Gloria Swanson, and the boxer Jack Dempsey were among the regular visitors. So were mobsters such as Bugsy Siegel, who later cited Agua Caliente as his inspiration for building the first such resort on what became the Las Vegas Strip.

    Less than a year after Agua Caliente opened, gangsters held up its money-car in transit to a bank in San Diego, killing the courier and a guard and stealing the company money pouch. Paul J. Vanderwood weaves the story of this heist gone wrong, the search for the killers, and their sensational trial into the overall history of the often-chaotic development of Agua Caliente, Tijuana, and Southern California. Drawing on newspaper accounts, police files, court records, personal memoirs, oral histories, and “true detective” magazines, he presents a fascinating portrait of vice and society in the Jazz Age, and he makes a significant contribution to the history of the U.S.-Mexico border.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391661
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Paul J Vanderwood, Gilbert M. Joseph and Emily S. Rosenberg
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Paul J Vanderwood,
    2. Gilbert M. Joseph and
    3. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-author: Paul J Vanderwood
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391661
    illustrations-note: 78 illustrations, 4 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346913
    isbn-paper: 9780822347026
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    The story of the rise and fall of the gambling industry in Tijuana during the Jazz Age opens into a history of the development of that area and Southern California.

    subtitle: Mobsters and Movie Stars at America’s Greatest Gaming Resort
  • Satire or Evasion?
    Author(s): Leonard, James S.; Tenney, Thomas; Davis, Thadious M.; Wallace, John H.
    Abstract:

    Though one of America’s best known and loved novels, Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has often been the object of fierce controversy because of its racist language and reliance on racial stereotypes. This collection of fifteen essays by prominent African American scholars and critics examines the novel’s racist elements and assesses the degree to which Twain’s ironies succeed or fail to turn those elements into a satirical attack on racism.

    Ranging from the laudatory to the openly hostile, these essays include personal impressions of Huckleberry Finn, descriptions of classroom experience with the book, evaluations of its ironic and allegorical aspects, explorations of its nineteenth-century context, and appraisal of its effects on twentieth-century African American writers. Among the issues the authors contend with are Twain’s pervasive use of the word “nigger,” his portrayal of the slave Jim according to the conventions of the minstrel show “darky,” and the thematic chaos created by the “evasion” depicted in the novel’s final chapters.

    Sure to provoke thought and stir debate, Satire or Evasion? provides a variety of new perspectives on one of this country’s most troubling classics.

    Contributors. Richard K. Barksdale, Bernard W. Bell, Mary Kemp Davis, Peaches M. Henry, Betty Harris Jones, Rhett S. Jones, Julius Lester, Donnarae MacCann, Charles H. Nichols, Charles H. Nilon, Arnold Rampersad, David L. Smith, Carmen Dubryan, John H. Wallace, Kenny Jackson Williams, Fredrick Woodard

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381716
    Publication Date: 1991-11-26
    author-list-text: John H. Wallace
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. John H. Wallace
    contrib-editor: James S. Leonard; Thomas Tenney; Thadious M. Davis
    contrib-other: John H. Wallace
    copyright-year: 1992
    eisbn: 9780822381716
    isbn-cloth: 9780822311638
    isbn-paper: 9780822311744
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Though one of America’s best known and loved novels, Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has often been the object of fierce controversy because of its racist language and reliance on racial stereotypes. This collection of fifteen essays by prominent African American scholars and critics examines the novel’s racist elements and assesses the degree to which Twain’s ironies succeed or fail to turn those elements into a satirical attack on racism.

    Ranging from the laudatory to the openly hostile, these essays include personal impressions of Huckleberry Finn, descriptions of classroom experience with the book, evaluations of its ironic and allegorical aspects, explorations of its nineteenth-century context, and appraisal of its effects on twentieth-century African American writers. Among the issues the authors contend with are Twain’s pervasive use of the word “nigger,” his portrayal of the slave Jim according to the conventions of the minstrel show “darky,” and the thematic chaos created by the “evasion” depicted in the novel’s final chapters.

    Sure to provoke thought and stir debate, Satire or Evasion? provides a variety of new perspectives on one of this country’s most troubling classics.

    Contributors. Richard K. Barksdale, Bernard W. Bell, Mary Kemp Davis, Peaches M. Henry, Betty Harris Jones, Rhett S. Jones, Julius Lester, Donnarae MacCann, Charles H. Nichols, Charles H. Nilon, Arnold Rampersad, David L. Smith, Carmen Dubryan, John H. Wallace, Kenny Jackson Williams, Fredrick Woodard

    subtitle: Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn
  • Saved for a Purpose
    Author(s): Joseph, James A.
    Abstract:

    The son of a minister, James A. Joseph grew up in Louisiana’s Cajun country, where his parents taught him the value of education and the importance of serving others. These lessons inspired him to follow a career path that came to include working in senior executive or advisory positions for four U. S. Presidents and with the legendary Nelson Mandela to build a new democracy in South Africa. Saved for a Purpose is Joseph’s ethical autobiography, in which he shares his moral philosophy and his insights on leadership.  

    In an engaging and personal style, Joseph shows how his commitment to applying moral and ethical principles to large groups and institutions played out in his work in the civil rights movement in Alabama and as a college chaplain in California in the turbulent 1960s. His time later as vice president of the Cummins Engine Company provided an opportunity to promote corporate ethics, and his tenure as Under Secretary of the Interior in the Carter Administration underscored the difficulty and weight of making the right decisions while balancing good policy analysis with transcendent moral principles.

    In 1996 President Clinton selected Joseph to become the United States Ambassador to South Africa. His recollections of working with Nelson Mandela, whom he describes as a noble and practical politician, and his observations about what he learned from Desmond Tutu and others about reconciliation contain some of the book’s most poignant passages.

    Saved for a Purpose is unique, as Joseph combines his insights from working to integrate values into America’s public and private sectors with his long engagement with ethics as an academic discipline and as a practical guide for social behavior. Ultimately, it reflects Joseph’s passionate search for values that go beyond the personal to include the ethical imperatives that should be applied to the communal.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375548
    Publication Date: 2015-08-21
    author-list-text: James A. Joseph
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James A. Joseph
    contrib-author: James A. Joseph
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375548
    illustrations-note: 27 illustratons
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358961
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In his ethical autobiography, James A. Joseph—who was active in the Civil Rights Movement, an executive of a Fortune 500 company, the Undersecretary of the Department of the Interior, and the U.S. Ambassador to South Africa—shares the development of his philosophies of morality and leadership.

    subtitle: A Journey from Private Virtues to Public Values
  • Scenes of Instruction
    Author(s): Awkward, Michael
    Abstract:

    Scenes of Instruction is the memoir of noted scholar of African American literature Michael Awkward. Structured around the commencement ceremonies that marked his graduations from various schools, it presents Awkward’s coming-of-age as a bookish black male in the projects of 1970s Philadelphia. His relationships with his family and peers, their struggles with poverty and addiction, and his eventual move from underfunded urban schools to a prestigious private school all become parts of a memorable script.

    With a recurring focus on how his mother’s tragic weaknesses and her compelling strengths affected his development, Awkward intersperses the chronologically arranged autobiographical sections with ruminations on his own interests in literary and cultural criticism. As a male scholar who has come under fire for describing himself as a feminist critic, he reflects on such issues as identity politics and the politics of academia, affirmative action, and the Million Man March.

    By connecting his personal experiences with larger political, cultural, and professional questions, Awkward uses his life as a palette on which to blend equations of race and reading, urbanity and mutilation, alcoholism, pain, gender, learning, sex, literature, and love.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378372
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: Michael Awkward
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Michael Awkward
    contrib-author: Michael Awkward
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822378372
    illustrations-note: 22 b&w photographs
    isbn-paper: 9780822324027
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: A Memoir
  • Schneider on Schneider
    Author(s): Handler, Richard; Schneider, David M.
    Abstract:

    To listen to David M. Schneider is to hear the voice of American anthropology. To listen at length is to hear much of the discipline’s history, from the realities of postwar practice and theory to Schneider’s own influence on the development of symbolic and interpretive anthropology in the 1970s and 1980s. Schneider on Schneider offers readers this rare opportunity, and with it an engrossing introduction into a world of intellectual rigor, personal charm, and wit.

    In this work, based on conversations with Richard Handler, Schneider tells the story of his days devoted to anthropology—as a student of Clyde Kluckhohn and Talcott Parsons and as a writer and teacher whose work on kinship and culture theory revolutionized the discipline. With a master’s sense of the telling anecdote, he describes his education at Cornell, Yale, and Harvard, his fieldwork on the Micronesian island of Yap and among the Mescalero Apache, and his years teaching at the London School of Economics, Berkeley, and the University of Chicago. Musing on the current state and the future of anthropology, Schneider’s cast of characters reads like a who’s who of postwar social science. His reflections on anthropological field research and academic politics address some of the most pressing ethical and epistemological issues facing scholars today, while yielding tales of unexpected amusement.

    With its humor and irony, its wealth of information and searching questions about the state of anthropology, Schneider on Schneider not only provides an important resource for the history of twentieth-century social science, but also brings to life the entertaining voice of an engaging storyteller.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397953
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Richard Handler and David M. Schneider
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Richard Handler and
    2. David M. Schneider
    contrib-author: Richard Handler
    contrib-other: David M. Schneider
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822397953
    illustrations-note: 8 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316794
    isbn-paper: 9780822316916
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Conversion of the Jews and Other Anthropological Stories
  • Science Wars
    Author(s): Ross, Andrew
    Abstract:

    In the wake of the highly fractious Culture Wars, conservatives in science have launched a backlash against feminist, multiculturalist, and social critics in science studies. Paul Gross and Norman Levitt’s book Higher Superstition, presented as a wake-up call to scientists unaware of the dangers posed by the “science-bashers,” set the shrill tone of this reaction and led to the appearance of a growing number of scare stories about an “antiscience” movement in the op-ed sections of newspapers across the country. Unwilling to be political scapegoats for the decline in the public funding of science and the erosion of the public authority of scientists, many of these critics—natural scientists, sociologists, anthropologists, historians, and scholars in cultural studies and literary studies—have taken the opportunity to respond to the backlash in Science Wars.

    At a time when scientific knowledge is systematically whisked out of the domain of education and converted into private capital, the essays in this volume are sharply critical of the conservative defense of a value-free science. They suggest that in a world steeped in nuclear, biogenic, and chemical overdevelopment, those who are skeptical of technology are more than entitled to ask for evidence of rationality in those versions of scientific progress that respond only to the managerial needs of state, corporate, and military elites. Whether uncovering the gender-laden assumptions built into the Western scientific method, redefining the scientific claim to objectivity, showing the relationship between science’s empirical worldview and that of mercantile capitalism, or showing how the powerful language of science exercises its daily cultural authority in our society, the essays in Science Wars announce their own powerful message. Analyzing the antidemocratic tendencies within science and its institutions, they insist on a more accountable relationship between scientists and the communities and environments affected by their research.

    Revised and expanded from a recent issue of Social Text, Science Wars will provoke thought and controversy among scholars and general readers interested in science studies and current cultural politics.

    Contributors. Stanley Aronowitz, Sarah Franklin, Steve Fuller, Sandra Harding, Roger Hart, N. Katherine Hayles, Ruth Hubbard, Joel Kovel, Les Levidow, George Levine, Richard Levins, Richard C. Lewontin, Michael Lynch, Emily Martin, Dorothy Nelkin, Hilary Rose, Andrew Ross, Sharon Traweek, Langdon Winner

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397977
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Andrew Ross
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Andrew Ross
    contrib-author: Andrew Ross
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822397977
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318811
    isbn-paper: 9780822318712
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle:
  • Science without Laws
    Author(s): Creager, Angela N. H.; Lunbeck, Elizabeth; Wise, M. Norton; Smith, Barbara Herrnstein; Weintraub, E. Roy
    Abstract:

    Physicists regularly invoke universal laws, such as those of motion and electromagnetism, to explain events. Biological and medical scientists have no such laws. How then do they acquire a reliable body of knowledge about biological organisms and human disease? One way is by repeatedly returning to, manipulating, observing, interpreting, and reinterpreting certain subjects—such as flies, mice, worms, or microbes—or, as they are known in biology, “model systems.” Across the natural and social sciences, other disciplinary fields have developed canonical examples that have played a role comparable to that of biology’s model systems, serving not only as points of reference and illustrations of general principles or values but also as sites of continued investigation and reinterpretation. The essays in this collection assess the scope and function of model objects in domains as diverse as biology, geology, and history, attending to differences between fields as well as to epistemological commonalities.

    Contributors examine the role of the fruit fly Drosophila and nematode worms in biology, troops of baboons in primatology, box and digital simulations of the movement of the earth’s crust in geology, and meteorological models in climatology. They analyze the intensive study of the prisoner’s dilemma in game theory, ritual in anthropology, the individual case in psychoanalytic research, and Athenian democracy in political theory. The contributors illuminate the processes through which particular organisms, cases, materials, or narratives become foundational to their fields, and they examine how these foundational exemplars—from the fruit fly to Freud’s Dora—shape the knowledge produced within their disciplines.

    Contributors

    Rachel A. Ankeny

    Angela N. H. Creager

    Amy Dahan Dalmedico

    John Forrester

    Clifford Geertz

    Carlo Ginzburg

    E. Jane Albert Hubbard

    Elizabeth Lunbeck

    Mary S. Morgan

    Josiah Ober

    Naomi Oreskes

    Susan Sperling

    Marcel Weber

    M. Norton Wise

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390244
    Publication Date: 2007-08-13
    author-list-text: Barbara Herrnstein Smith and E. Roy Weintraub
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Barbara Herrnstein Smith and
    2. E. Roy Weintraub
    contrib-editor: Angela N. H. Creager; Elizabeth Lunbeck; M. Norton Wise
    contrib-series-editor: Barbara Herrnstein Smith; E. Roy Weintraub
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390244
    illustrations-note: 14 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340461
    isbn-paper: 9780822340683
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Science and Cultural Theory
    short-abstract:

    A comparison of the use of model systems and exemplary cases across fields in the natural and social sciences.

    subtitle: Model Systems, Cases, Exemplary Narratives
  • Sciences from Below
    Author(s): Harding, Sandra; Grewal, Inderpal; Kaplan, Caren; Wiegman, Robyn
    Abstract:

    In Sciences from Below, the esteemed feminist science studies scholar Sandra Harding synthesizes modernity studies with progressive tendencies in science and technology studies to suggest how scientific and technological pursuits might be more productively linked to social justice projects around the world. Harding illuminates the idea of multiple modernities as well as the major contributions of post-Kuhnian Western, feminist, and postcolonial science studies. She explains how these schools of thought can help those seeking to implement progressive social projects refine their thinking to overcome limiting ideas about what modernity and modernization are, the objectivity of scientific knowledge, patriarchy, and Eurocentricity. She also reveals how ideas about gender and colonialism frame the conventional contrast between modernity and tradition. As she has done before, Harding points the way forward in Sciences from Below.

    Describing the work of the post-Kuhnian science studies scholars Bruno Latour, Ulrich Beck, and the team of Michael Gibbons, Helga Nowtony, and Peter Scott, Harding reveals how, from different perspectives, they provide useful resources for rethinking the modernity versus tradition binary and its effects on the production of scientific knowledge. Yet, for the most part, they do not take feminist or postcolonial critiques into account. As Harding demonstrates, feminist science studies and postcolonial science studies have vital contributions to make; they bring to light not only the male supremacist investments in the Western conception of modernity and the historical and epistemological bases of Western science but also the empirical knowledge traditions of the global South. Sciences from Below is a clear and compelling argument that modernity studies and post-Kuhnian, feminist, and postcolonial sciences studies each have something important, and necessary, to offer to those formulating socially progressive scientific research and policy.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381181
    Publication Date: 2008-06-04
    author-list-text: Sandra Harding, Inderpal Grewal, Caren Kaplan and Robyn Wiegman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sandra Harding,
    2. Inderpal Grewal,
    3. Caren Kaplan and
    4. Robyn Wiegman
    contrib-author: Sandra Harding
    contrib-series-editor: Inderpal Grewal; Caren Kaplan; Robyn Wiegman
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822381181
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342595
    isbn-paper: 9780822342823
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Next Wave: New Directions in Women's Studies
    short-abstract:

    A preeminent science studies scholar shows how feminist and postcolonial science studies challenge the problematic modernity versus tradition binary.

    subtitle: Feminisms, Postcolonialities, and Modernities
  • Screen Traffic
    Author(s): Acland, Charles R.
    Abstract:

    In Screen Traffic, Charles R. Acland examines how, since the mid-1980s, the U.S. commercial movie business has altered conceptions of moviegoing both within the industry and among audiences. He shows how studios, in their increasing reliance on revenues from international audiences and from the ancillary markets of television, videotape, DVD, and pay-per-view, have cultivated an understanding of their commodities as mutating global products. Consequently, the cultural practice of moviegoing has changed significantly, as has the place of the cinema in relation to other sites of leisure.

    Integrating film and cultural theory with close analysis of promotional materials, entertainment news, trade publications, and economic reports, Acland presents an array of evidence for the new understanding of movies and moviegoing that has developed within popular culture and the entertainment industry. In particular, he dissects a key development: the rise of the megaplex, characterized by large auditoriums, plentiful screens, and consumer activities other than film viewing. He traces its genesis from the re-entry of studios into the movie exhibition business in 1986 through 1998, when reports of the economic destabilization of exhibition began to surface, just as the rise of so-called e-cinema signaled another wave of change. Documenting the current tendency toward an accelerated cinema culture, one that appears to arrive simultaneously for everyone, everywhere, Screen Traffic unearths and critiques the corporate and cultural forces contributing to the “felt internationalism” of our global era.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384861
    Publication Date: 2003-10-23
    contrib-author: Charles R. Acland
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384861
    illustrations-note: 16 illus., 34 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331759
    isbn-paper: 9780822331636
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A study of Hollywood, the internaitonal markets, and the way movies are actually shown in theaters.

    subtitle: Movies, Multiplexes, and Global Culture
  • Screening Culture, Viewing Politics
    Author(s): Mankekar, Purnima
    Abstract:

    In Screening Culture, Viewing Politics Purnima Mankekar presents a cutting-edge ethnography of television-viewing in India. With a focus on the responses of upwardly-mobile, yet lower-to-middle class urban women to state-sponsored entertainment serials, Mankekar demonstrates how television in India has profoundly shaped women’s place in the family, community, and nation, and the crucial role it has played in the realignment of class, caste, consumption, religion, and politics.

    Mankekar examines both “entertainment” narratives and advertisements designed to convey particular ideas about the nation. Organizing her study around the recurring themes in these shows—Indian womanhood, family, community, constructions of historical memory, development, integration, and sometimes violence—Mankekar dissects both the messages televised and her New Delhi subjects’ perceptions of and reactions to these messages. In the process, her ethnographic analysis reveals the texture of these women’s daily lives, social relationships, and everyday practices. Throughout her study, Mankekar remains attentive to the tumultuous historical and political context in the midst of which these programs’ integrationalist messages are transmitted, to the cultural diversity of the viewership, and to her own role as ethnographer. In an enlightening epilogue she describes the effect of satellite television and transnational programming to India in the 1990s.

    Through its ethnographic and theoretical richness, Screening Culture, Viewing Politics forces a reexamination of the relationship between mass media, social life, and identity and nation formation in non-Western contexts. As such, it represents a major contribution to a number of fields, including media and communication studies, feminist studies, anthropology, South Asian studies, and cultural studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378242
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: Purnima Mankekar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Purnima Mankekar
    contrib-author: Purnima Mankekar
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822378242
    illustrations-note: 28 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323570
    isbn-paper: 9780822323907
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: An Ethnography of Television, Womanhood, and Nation in Postcolonial India
  • Screening Sex
    Author(s): Williams, Linda
    Abstract:

    For many years, kisses were the only sexual acts to be seen in mainstream American movies. Then, in the 1960s and 1970s, American cinema “grew up” in response to the sexual revolution, and movie audiences came to expect more knowledge about what happened between the sheets. In Screening Sex, the renowned film scholar Linda Williams investigates how sex acts have been represented on screen for more than a century and, just as important, how we have watched and experienced those representations. Whether examining the arch artistry of Last Tango in Paris, the on-screen orgasms of Jane Fonda, or the anal sex of two cowboys in Brokeback Mountain, Williams illuminates the forms of pleasure and vicarious knowledge derived from screening sex.

    Combining stories of her own coming of age as a moviegoer with film history, cultural history, and readings of significant films, Williams presents a fascinating history of the on-screen kiss, a look at the shift from adolescent kisses to more grown-up displays of sex, and a comparison of the “tasteful” Hollywood sexual interlude with sexuality as represented in sexploitation, Blaxploitation, and avant-garde films. She considers Last Tango in Paris and Deep Throat, two 1972 films unapologetically all about sex; In the Realm of the Senses, the only work of 1970s international cinema that combined hard-core sex with erotic art; and the sexual provocations of the mainstream movies Blue Velvet and Brokeback Mountain. She describes art films since the 1990s, in which the sex is aggressive, loveless, or alienated. Finally, Williams reflects on the experience of screening sex on small screens at home rather than on large screens in public. By understanding screening sex as both revelation and concealment, Williams has written the definitive study of sex at the movies.

    Linda Williams is Professor of Film Studies and Rhetoric at the University of California, Berkeley. Her books include Porn Studies, also published by Duke University Press; Playing the Race Card: Melodramas of Black and White from Uncle Tom to O. J. Simpson; Viewing Positions: Ways of Seeing Film; and Hard Core: Power, Pleasure, and the “Frenzy of the Visible.”

    A John Hope Franklin Center Book

    November

    424 pages

    129 illustrations

    6x9 trim size

    ISBN 0-8223-0-8223-4285-5

    paper, $24.95

    ISBN 0-8223-0-8223-4263-4

    library cloth edition, $89.95

    ISBN 978-0-8223-4285-4

    paper, $24.95

    ISBN 978-0-8223-4263-2

    library cloth edition, $89.95

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388630
    Publication Date: 2008-09-02
    author-list-text: Linda Williams
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Linda Williams
    contrib-author: Linda Williams
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388630
    illustrations-note: 129 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342632
    isbn-paper: 9780822342854
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    Looks at the cinematic conventions for portraying sex acts from early representations of the kiss to more explicit depictions of sex in contemporary art films.

    subtitle:
  • Scripted Affects, Branded Selves
    Author(s): Lukács, Gabriella
    Abstract:

    In Scripted Affects, Branded Selves, Gabriella Lukács analyzes the development of a new primetime serial called “trendy drama” as the Japanese television industry’s ingenious response to market fragmentation. Much like the HBO hit Sex and the City, trendy dramas feature well-heeled young sophisticates enjoying consumer-oriented lifestyles while managing their unruly love lives. Integrating a political-economic analysis of television production with reception research, Lukács suggests that the trendy drama marked a shift in the Japanese television industry from offering story-driven entertainment to producing lifestyle-oriented programming. She interprets the new televisual preoccupation with consumer trends not as a sign of the medium’s downfall, but as a savvy strategy to appeal to viewers who increasingly demand entertainment that feels more personal than mass-produced fare. After all, what the producers of trendy dramas realized in the late 1980s was that taste and lifestyle were sources of identification that could be manipulated to satisfy mass and niche demands more easily than could conventional marketing criteria such as generation or gender. Lukács argues that by capitalizing on the semantic fluidity of the notion of lifestyle, commercial television networks were capable of uniting viewers into new affective alliances that, in turn, helped them bury anxieties over changing class relations in the wake of the prolonged economic recession.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393238
    Publication Date: 2010-07-15
    author-list-text: Gabriella Lukács
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gabriella Lukács
    contrib-author: Gabriella Lukács
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822393238
    illustrations-note: 7 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348139
    isbn-paper: 9780822348245
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An exploration of Japan s television culture focused on primetime serials called trendy dramas, popular primetime serials featuring. well-heeled young sophisticates enjoying consumer-oriented lifestyles.

    subtitle: Television, Subjectivity, and Capitalism in 1990s Japan
  • Searching for a Different Future
    Author(s): Cohen, Shana
    Abstract:

    By examining how neoliberal economic reform policies have affected educated young adults in contemporary Morocco, Searching for a Different Future posits a new socioeconomic formation: the global middle class. During Morocco’s postcolonial period, from the 1950s through the 1970s, development policy and nationalist ideology supported the formation of a middle class based on the pursuit of education, employment, and material security. Neoliberal reforms adopted by Morocco since the early 1980s have significantly eroded the capacity of the state to nurture the middle class, and unemployment and temporary employment among educated adults has grown. There is no longer an obvious correlation between the best interests of the state and those of the middle-class worker. As Shana Cohen demonstrates, educated young adults in Morocco do not look toward the state for economic security and fulfillment but toward the diffuse, amorphous global market.

    Cohen delves into the rupture that has occurred between the middle class, the individual, and the nation in Morocco and elsewhere around the world. Combining institutional economic analysis with cultural theory and ethnographic observation including interviews with seventy young adults in Casablanca and Rabat, she reveals how young, urban, educated Moroccans conceive of their material, social, and political conditions. She finds that, for the most part, they perceive improvement in their economic and social welfare apart from the types of civic participation commonly connected with nationalism and national identity. In answering classic sociological questions about how the evolution of capitalism influences identity, Cohen sheds new light on the measurable social and economic consequences of globalization and on its less tangible effects on individuals’ perception of their place in society and prospects in life.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385936
    Publication Date: 2004-07-21
    author-list-text: Shana Cohen
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Shana Cohen
    contrib-author: Shana Cohen
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385936
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333517
    isbn-paper: 9780822333876
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Cohen studies the Moroccan middle class's varied transnational identifications with a global market economy, as these identifications bear on middle class citizens' increasing detachment from the nation state and its local political economies.

    subtitle: The Rise of a Global Middle Class in Morocco
  • Searching for Africa in Brazil
    Author(s): Capone Laffitte, Stefania; Grant, Lucy Lyall
    Abstract:

    Searching for Africa in Brazil is a learned exploration of tradition and change in Afro-Brazilian religions. Focusing on the convergence of anthropologists’ and religious leaders’ exegeses, Stefania Capone argues that twentieth-century anthropological research contributed to the construction of an ideal Afro-Brazilian religious orthodoxy identified with the Nagô (Yoruba) cult in the northeastern state of Bahia. In contrast to other researchers, Capone foregrounds the agency of Candomblé leaders. She demonstrates that they successfully imposed their vision of Candomblé on anthropologists, reshaping in their own interest narratives of Afro-Brazilian religious practice. The anthropological narratives were then taken as official accounts of religious orthodoxy by many practitioners of Afro-Brazilian religions in Brazil. Capone draws on ten years of ethnographic fieldwork in Salvador de Bahia and Rio de Janeiro as she demonstrates that there is no pure or orthodox Afro-Brazilian religion.

    Challenging the usual interpretations of Afro-Brazilian religions as fixed entities, completely independent of one another, Capone reveals these practices as parts of a unique religious continuum. She does so through an analysis of ritual variations as well as discursive practices. To illuminate the continuum of Afro-Brazilian religious practice and the tensions between exegetic discourses and ritual practices, Capone focuses on the figure of Exu, the sacred African trickster who allows communication between gods and men. Following Exu and his avatars, she discloses the centrality of notions of prestige and power—mystical and religious—in Afro-Brazilian religions. To explain how religious identity is constantly negotiated among social actors, Capone emphasizes the agency of practitioners and their political agendas in the “return to roots,” or re-Africanization, movement, an attempt to recover the original purity of a mythical and legitimizing Africa.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392040
    Publication Date: 2010-04-26
    author-list-text: Stefania Capone Laffitte and Lucy Lyall Grant
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Stefania Capone Laffitte and
    2. Lucy Lyall Grant
    contrib-author: Stefania Capone Laffitte
    contrib-translator: Lucy Lyall Grant
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392040
    illustrations-note: 36 photographs, 6 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346258
    isbn-paper: 9780822346364
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography of Afro-Brazilian religious traditions including Candomblé shows that the lines separating one tradition from another are much less fixed than anthropologists and Afro-Brazilian religious elites have maintained.

    subtitle: Power and Tradition in Candomblé
  • Searching for Home Abroad
    Author(s): Lesser, Jeffrey; Hosokawa, Shuhei; Mori, Koichi; Yamashita, Karen Tei
    Abstract:

    During the first half of the twentieth century, Japanese immigrants entered Brazil by the tens of thousands. In more recent decades that flow has been reversed: more than 200,000 Japanese-Brazilians and their families have relocated to Japan. Examining these significant but rarely studied transnational movements and the experiences of Japanese-Brazilians, the essays in Searching for Home Abroad rethink complex issues of ethnicity and national identity. The contributors—who represent a number of nationalities and disciplines themselves—analyze how the original Japanese immigrants, their descendants in Brazil, and the Japanese-Brazilians in Japan sought to fit into the culture of each country while confronting both prejudice and discrimination.

    The concepts of home and diaspora are engaged and debated throughout the volume. Drawing on numerous sources—oral histories, interviews, private papers, films, myths, and music—the contributors highlight the role ethnic minorities have played in constructing Brazilian and Japanese national identities. The essayists consider the economic and emotional motivations for migration as well as a range of fascinating cultural outgrowths such as Japanese secret societies in Brazil. They explore intriguing paradoxes, including the feeling among many Japanese-Brazilians who have migrated to Japan that they are more "Brazilian" there than they were in Brazil. Searching for Home Abroad will be of great interest to scholars of immigration and ethnicity in the Americas and Asia.

    Contributors. Shuhei Hosokawa, Angelo Ishi, Jeffrey Lesser, Daniel T. Linger, Koichi Mori, Joshua Hotaka Roth, Takeyuki (Gaku) Tsuda, Keiko Yamanaka, Karen Tei Yamashita

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385134
    Publication Date: 2003-08-25
    author-list-text: Shuhei Hosokawa, Koichi Mori and Karen Tei Yamashita
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Shuhei Hosokawa,
    2. Koichi Mori and
    3. Karen Tei Yamashita
    contrib-editor: Jeffrey Lesser
    contrib-other: Shuhei Hosokawa; Koichi Mori; Karen Tei Yamashita
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385134
    illustrations-note: 7 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331124
    isbn-paper: 9780822331483
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A multidisciplinary study of the transnational cultural identity of Brazilian nationals of Japanese descent and their more recent attempts to re-settle in Japan.

    subtitle: Japanese Brazilians and Transnationalism
  • Seaweeds of the Southeastern United States
    Author(s): Schneider, Craig W.; Searles, Richard B.
    Abstract:

    Seaweeds of the Southeastern United States offers a definitive manual for the identification of the seaweeds that inhabit the deep offshore waters as well as the near shoreline and shallow sounds from North Carolina to Florida. The volume provides a natural key to the class, order, family, and genera with detailed descriptions, 560 illustrations, and an artificial key listing simple characteristics for quick identification of the green, brown, and red benthic marine algae (or “bottom growers”) that inhabit the region.

    The southeastern Atlantic coast is home to 334 species of seaweed flora. The greatest diversity occurs along the North Carolina coast between Cape Lookout and Cape Fear. With the exception of a few additional species south of Cape Fear, there is not a marked change in the flora until the more tropical waters and seaweeds of southern Florida. The barrier island system of the region and the enclosed shallow water sounds extend the miles of shoreline available for study.

    This book, the product of a twenty-year collaboration, is the first comprehensive guide to appear in over seventy years and includes the addition of nearly one hundred species to the region, including twenty-five described by the authors.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397984
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Craig W. Schneider and Richard B. Searles
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Craig W. Schneider and
    2. Richard B. Searles
    contrib-author: Craig W. Schneider; Richard B. Searles
    copyright-year: 1991
    eisbn: 9780822397984
    illustrations-note: 560 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822311010
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Cape Hatteras to Cape Canaveral
  • Second Chances
    Author(s): Whyte, Susan Reynolds
    Abstract:

    During the first decade of this millennium, many thousands of people in Uganda who otherwise would have died from AIDS got second chances at life. A massive global health intervention, the scaling up of antiretroviral therapy (ART), saved them and created a generation of people who learned to live with treatment. As clients they joined programs that offered free antiretroviral medicine and encouraged "positive living." Because ART is not a cure but a lifelong treatment regime, its consequences are far-reaching for society, families, and individuals. Drawing on personal accounts and a broad knowledge of Ugandan culture and history, the essays in this collection explore ART from the perspective of those who received second chances. Their concerns about treatment, partners, children, work, food, and bodies reveal the essential sociality of Ugandan life. The collection is based on research undertaken by a team of social scientists including both Western and African scholars.

    Contributors. Phoebe Kajubi, David Kyaddondo, Lotte Meinert, Hanne O. Mogensen, Godfrey Etyang Siu, Jenipher Twebaze, Michael A. Whyte, Susan Reynolds Whyte

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375975
    Publication Date: 2014-10-30
    contrib-editor: Susan Reynolds Whyte
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822375975
    illustrations-note: 12 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357957
    isbn-paper: 9780822358084
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
    short-abstract:

    During the first decade of this millennium, many thousands of people in Uganda who otherwise would have died from AIDS got second chances at life. The essays in Second Chances draw on personal accounts and a broad knowledge of Ugandan culture and history to explore antiretroviral therapy from the perspective of those people.

    subtitle: Surviving AIDS in Uganda
  • Second Wounds
    Author(s): Rentschler, Carrie A.
    Abstract:

    The U.S. victims’ rights movement has transformed the way that violent crime is understood and represented in the United States. It has expanded the concept of victimhood to include family members and others close to direct victims, and it has argued that these secondary victims may be further traumatized through their encounters with insensitive journalists and the cold, impersonal nature of the criminal justice system. This concept of extended victimization has come to dominate representations of crime and the American criminal justice system. In Second Wounds, Carrie A. Rentschler examines how the victims’ rights movement brought about such a marked shift in how Americans define and portray crime. Analyzing the movement’s effective mobilization of activist networks and its implementation of media strategies, she interprets texts such as press kits, online victim memorials, and training materials for victims’ advocates and journalists. Rentschler also provides a genealogy of the victims’ rights movement from its emergence in the 1960s into the twenty-first century. She explains that while a “get tough on crime” outlook dominates the movement, the concept of secondary victimization has been invoked by activists across the political spectrum, including anti–death penalty advocates, who contend that the families of death-row inmates are also secondary victims of violent crime and the criminal justice system.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393887
    Publication Date: 2011-03-04
    author-list-text: Carrie A. Rentschler
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Carrie A. Rentschler
    contrib-author: Carrie A. Rentschler
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393887
    illustrations-note: 4 photos, 12 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349303
    isbn-paper: 9780822349495
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Analyzes how the U.S. victims rights movement has expanded the concept of victimhood to include family members and others close to the direct victims of violent crime.

    subtitle: Victims’ Rights and the Media in the U.S.
  • Secularisms
    Author(s): Jakobsen, Janet R.; Pellegrini, Ann; Parla, Taha
    Abstract:

    At a time when secularism is put forward as the answer to religious fundamentalism and violence, Secularisms offers a powerful, multivoiced critique of the narrative equating secularism with modernity, reason, freedom, peace, and progress. Bringing together essays by scholars based in religious studies, gender and sexuality studies, history, science studies, anthropology, and political science, this volume challenges the binary conception of “conservative” religion versus “progressive” secularism.

    With essays addressing secularism in India, Iran, Turkey, Great Britain, China, and the United States, this collection crucially complicates the dominant narrative by showing that secularism is multifaceted. How secularism is lived and experienced varies with its national, regional, and religious context. The essays explore local secularisms in relation to religious traditions ranging from Islam to Judaism, Hinduism to Christianity. Several contributors explicitly take up the way feminism has been implicated in the dominant secularization story. Ultimately, by dislodging secularism’s connection to the single (and singular) progress narrative, this volume seeks to open spaces for other possible narratives about both secularism and religion—as well as for other possible ways of inhabiting the contemporary world.

    Contributors: Robert J. Baird, Andrew Davison, Tracy Fessenden, Janet R. Jakobsen, Laura Levitt,

    Molly McGarry, Afsaneh Najmabadi, Taha Parla, Geeta Patel, Ann Pellegrini, Tyler Roberts,

    Ranu Samantrai, Banu Subramaniam, Rajeswari Sunder Rajan, Angela Zito

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388890
    Publication Date: 2008-02-19
    author-list-text: Taha Parla
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Taha Parla
    contrib-editor: Janet R. Jakobsen; Ann Pellegrini
    contrib-other: Taha Parla
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388890
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341253
    isbn-paper: 9780822341499
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a Social Text book
    short-abstract:

    A collection that challenges the binary conception of conservative religion versus progressive secularism by highlighting the existence of multiple secularisms.

    subtitle:
  • Securing Paradise
    Author(s): Gonzalez, Vernadette Vicuña
    Abstract:

    In Securing Paradise, Vernadette Vicuña Gonzalez shows how tourism and militarism have functioned together in Hawaii and the Philippines, jointly empowering the United States to assert its geostrategic and economic interests in the Pacific. She does so by interpreting fiction, closely examining colonial and military construction projects, and delving into present-day tourist practices, spaces, and narratives. For instance, in both Hawaii and the Philippines, U.S. military modes of mobility, control, and surveillance enable scenic tourist byways. Past and present U.S. military posts, such as the Clark and Subic Bases and the Pearl Harbor complex, have been reincarnated as destinations for tourists interested in World War II. The history of the U.S. military is foundational to tourist itineraries and imaginations in such sites. At the same time, U.S. military dominance is reinforced by the logics and practices of mobility and consumption underlying modern tourism. Working in tandem, militarism and tourism produce gendered structures of feeling and formations of knowledge. These become routinized into everyday life in Hawaii and the Philippines, inculcating U.S. imperialism in the Pacific.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395942
    Publication Date: 2013-07-03
    author-list-text: Vernadette Vicuña Gonzalez
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Vernadette Vicuña Gonzalez
    contrib-author: Vernadette Vicuña Gonzalez
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822395942
    illustrations-note: 15 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353553
    isbn-paper: 9780822353706
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Next wave
    short-abstract:

    Securing Paradise analyzes how cultures of U.S. imperialism are produced and sustained in Asia and the Pacific, particularly in Hawai i and the Philippines, by the mutually reinforcing dynamics of tourism and militarism.

    subtitle: Tourism and Militarism in Hawai’i and the Philippines
  • Securing the City
    Author(s): O’Neill, Kevin Lewis; Thomas, Kedron; Offit, Thomas; Levenson, Deborah
    Abstract:

    Unprecedented crime rates have made Guatemala City one of the most dangerous cities in the world. Following a peace process that ended Central America’s longest and bloodiest civil war and impelled the transition from a state-centric economy to the global free market, Guatemala’s neoliberal moment is now strikingly evident in the practices and politics of security. Postwar violence has not prompted public debates about the conditions that permit transnational gangs, drug cartels, and organized crime to thrive. Instead, the dominant reaction to crime has been the cultural promulgation of fear and the privatization of what would otherwise be the state’s responsibility to secure the city. This collection of essays, the first comparative study of urban Guatemala, explores these neoliberal efforts at security. Contributing to the anthropology of space and urban studies, this book brings together anthropologists and historians to examine how postwar violence and responses to it are reconfiguring urban space, transforming the relationship between city and country, and exacerbating deeply rooted structures of inequality and ethnic discrimination.

    Contributors. Peter Benson, Manuela Camus, Avery Dickins de Girón, Edward F. Fischer, Deborah Levenson, Thomas Offit, Kevin Lewis O’Neill, Kedron Thomas, Rodrigo José Véliz

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393924
    Publication Date: 2011-02-16
    author-list-text: Thomas Offit and Deborah Levenson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Thomas Offit and
    2. Deborah Levenson
    contrib-editor: Kevin Lewis O’Neill; Kedron Thomas
    contrib-other: Thomas Offit; Deborah Levenson
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393924
    illustrations-note: 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349396
    isbn-paper: 9780822349587
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Anthropologists and historians examine how postwar violence in Guatemala City is reconfiguring urban space, transforming the relationship between city and country, and exacerbating structures of inequality and ethnic discrimination.

    subtitle: Neoliberalism, Space, and Insecurity in Postwar Guatemala
  • Seeing the Unspeakable
    Author(s): Shaw, Gwendolyn DuBois
    Abstract:

    One of the youngest recipients of a MacArthur “genius” grant, Kara Walker, an African American artist, is best known for her iconic, often life-size, black-and-white silhouetted figures, arranged in unsettling scenes on gallery walls. These visually arresting narratives draw viewers into a dialogue about the dynamics of race, sexuality, and violence in both the antebellum South and contemporary culture. Walker’s work has been featured in exhibits around the world and in American museums including the Museum of Modern Art, the Guggenheim, and the Whitney. At the same time, her ideologically provocative images have drawn vociferous criticism from several senior African American artists, and a number of her pieces have been pulled from exhibits amid protests against their disturbing representations. Seeing the Unspeakable provides a sustained consideration of the controversial art of Kara Walker.

    Examining Walker’s striking silhouettes, evocative gouache drawings, and dynamic prints, Gwendolyn DuBois Shaw analyzes the inspiration for and reception of four of Walker’s pieces: The End of Uncle Tom and the Grand Allegorical Tableau of Eva in Heaven, John Brown, A Means to an End, and Cut. She offers an overview of Walker’s life and career, and contextualizes her art within the history of African American visual culture and in relation to the work of contemporary artists including Faith Ringgold, Carrie Mae Weems, and Michael Ray Charles. Shaw describes how Walker deliberately challenges viewers’ sensibilities with radically de-sentimentalized images of slavery and racial stereotypes. This book reveals a powerful artist who is questioning, rather than accepting, the ideas and strategies of social responsibility that her parents’ generation fought to establish during the civil rights era. By exploiting the racist icons of the past, Walker forces viewers to see the unspeakable aspects of America’s racist past and conflicted present.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386209
    Publication Date: 2004-11-15
    author-list-text: Gwendolyn DuBois Shaw
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gwendolyn DuBois Shaw
    contrib-author: Gwendolyn DuBois Shaw
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822386209
    illustrations-note: 44 illus. (incl. 10 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333616
    isbn-paper: 9780822333968
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The first book analyzing the artistic production and critical reception of Kara Walker, a young African-American artist whose controversial work deals with unsettling themes of racism.

    subtitle: The Art of Kara Walker
  • Seeing Through the Eighties
    Author(s): Feuer, Jane; Spigel, Lynn
    Abstract:

    The 1980s saw the rise of Ronald Reagan and the New Right in American politics, the popularity of programs such as thirtysomething and Dynasty on network television, and the increasingly widespread use of VCRs, cable TV, and remote control in American living rooms. In Seeing Through the Eighties, Jane Feuer critically examines this most aesthetically complex and politically significant period in the history of American television in the context of the prevailing conservative ideological climate. With wit, humor, and an undisguised appreciation of TV, she demonstrates the richness of this often-slighted medium as a source of significance for cultural criticism and delivers a compelling decade-defining analysis of our most recent past.

    With a cast of characters including Michael, Hope, Elliot, Nancy, Melissa, and Gary; Alexis, Krystle, Blake, and all the other Carringtons; not to mention Maddie and David; even Crockett and Tubbs, Feuer smoothly blends close readings of well-known programs and analysis of television’s commercial apparatus with a thorough-going theoretical perspective engaged with the work of Baudrillard, Fiske, and others. Her comparative look at Yuppie TV, Prime Time Soaps, and made-for-TV-movie Trauma Dramas reveals the contradictions and tensions at work in much prime-time programming and in the frustrations of the American popular consciousness. Seeing Through the Eighties also addresses the increased commodification of both the producers and consumers of television as a result of technological innovations and the introduction of new marketing techniques. Claiming a close relationship between television and the cultures that create and view it, Jane Feuer sees the eighties through televison while seeing through television in every sense of the word.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382690
    Publication Date: 1995-11-06
    author-list-text: Jane Feuer and Lynn Spigel
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jane Feuer and
    2. Lynn Spigel
    contrib-author: Jane Feuer
    contrib-series-editor: Lynn Spigel
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822382690
    illustrations-note: 87 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316756
    isbn-paper: 9780822316879
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Console-ing Passions
    subtitle: Television and Reaganism
  • Segregating Sound
    Author(s): Miller, Karl Hagstrom; Radano, Ronald; Kun, Josh
    Abstract:

    In Segregating Sound, Karl Hagstrom Miller argues that the categories that we have inherited to think and talk about southern music bear little relation to the ways that southerners long played and heard music. Focusing on the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth, Miller chronicles how southern music—a fluid complex of sounds and styles in practice—was reduced to a series of distinct genres linked to particular racial and ethnic identities. The blues were African American. Rural white southerners played country music. By the 1920s, these depictions were touted in folk song collections and the catalogs of “race” and “hillbilly” records produced by the phonograph industry. Such links among race, region, and music were new. Black and white artists alike had played not only blues, ballads, ragtime, and string band music, but also nationally popular sentimental ballads, minstrel songs, Tin Pan Alley tunes, and Broadway hits.

    In a cultural history filled with musicians, listeners, scholars, and business people, Miller describes how folklore studies and the music industry helped to create a “musical color line,” a cultural parallel to the physical color line that came to define the Jim Crow South. Segregated sound emerged slowly through the interactions of southern and northern musicians, record companies that sought to penetrate new markets across the South and the globe, and academic folklorists who attempted to tap southern music for evidence about the history of human civilization. Contending that people’s musical worlds were defined less by who they were than by the music that they heard, Miller challenges assumptions about the relation of race, music, and the market.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392705
    Publication Date: 2010-01-21
    author-list-text: Karl Hagstrom Miller, Ronald Radano and Josh Kun
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Karl Hagstrom Miller,
    2. Ronald Radano and
    3. Josh Kun
    contrib-author: Karl Hagstrom Miller
    contrib-series-editor: Ronald Radano; Josh Kun
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392705
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346890
    isbn-paper: 9780822347002
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring American Music
    short-abstract:

    A cultural history describing how folklore studies and the music industry helped to create a "musical color line" in the South, associating certain genres with particular racial and ethnic identities.

    subtitle: Inventing Folk and Pop Music in the Age of Jim Crow
  • Seizing the Means of Reproduction
    Author(s): Murphy, Michelle
    Abstract:

    In Seizing the Means of Reproduction, Michelle Murphy's initial focus on the alternative health practices developed by radical feminists in the United States during the 1970s and 1980s opens into a sophisticated analysis of the transnational entanglements of American empire, population control, neoliberalism, and late-twentieth-century feminisms. Murphy concentrates on the technoscientific means—the technologies, practices, protocols, and processes—developed by feminist health activists. She argues that by politicizing the technical details of reproductive health, alternative feminist practices aimed at empowering women were also integral to late-twentieth-century biopolitics.

    Murphy traces the transnational circulation of cheap, do-it-yourself health interventions, highlighting the uneasy links between economic logics, new forms of racialized governance, U.S. imperialism, family planning, and the rise of NGOs. In the twenty-first century, feminist health projects have followed complex and discomforting itineraries. The practices and ideologies of alternative health projects have found their way into World Bank guidelines, state policies, and commodified research. While the particular moment of U.S. feminism in the shadow of Cold War and postcolonialism has passed, its dynamics continue to inform the ways that health is governed and politicized today.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395805
    Publication Date: 2012-11-26
    author-list-text: Michelle Murphy
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Michelle Murphy
    contrib-author: Michelle Murphy
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395805
    illustrations-note: 24 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353317
    isbn-paper: 9780822353362
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Experimental futures
    short-abstract:

    In Seizing the Means of Reproduction, Michelle Murphy's initial focus on the alternative health practices developed by radical feminists in the United States during the 1970s and 1980s opens into a sophisticated analysis of the transnational entanglements of American empire, population control, neoliberalism, and late-twentieth-century feminisms.

    subtitle: Entanglements of Feminism, Health, and Technoscience
  • Selected Poems
    Author(s): Applewhite, James
    Abstract:

    James Applewhite has produced nine extraordinary books of poetry. This volume is the first anthology of his remarkable oeuvre. It brings together chronologically arranged selections from all of his previous books, from the first, published in 1975, through the most recent, published in 2002. Applewhite’s poetry is deeply rooted in the history and rhythms of rural North Carolina, where he was born and raised, and these poems mark stages in an artistic and personal journey he has undertaken over the past thirty years.

    In impeccable and surprising language, Applewhite depicts the social conventions, changes, frictions, and continuities of small southern towns. He celebrates that which he values as decent and life-enhancing, and his veneration is perhaps most apparent in his response to the natural world, to the rivers and trees and flowers. Yet Applewhite’s love for his native land is not straightforward. His verse chronicles his conflicted feelings for the region that gave him the initial, evocative language of place and immersed him in a blazing sensory world while it also bequeathed the distortions, denials, and prejudices that make it so painful a labyrinth. Rendering troubled legacies as well as profound decency, Applewhite reveals the universally human in a distinctively local voice, within dramatic and mundane moments of hope and sorrow and faith.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387008
    Publication Date: 2005-07-04
    author-list-text: James Applewhite
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James Applewhite
    contrib-author: James Applewhite
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387008
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336013
    isbn-paper: 9780822336396
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This will be the first anthology of his selected poems to date.

    subtitle:
  • Selected Political Writings
    Author(s): Hall, Stuart; Davison, Sally; Featherstone, David; Rustin, Michael; Schwarz, Bill
    Abstract:

    Selected Political Writings gathers Stuart Hall's best-known and most important essays that directly engage with political issues. Written between 1957 and 2011 and appearing in publications such as New Left Review and Marxism Today, these twenty essays span the whole of Hall's career, from his early involvement with the New Left, to his critique of Thatcherism, to his later focus on neoliberalism. Whether addressing economic decline and class struggle, the Cuban Missile Crisis, or the politics of empire, Hall's singular commentary and theorizations make this volume essential for anyone interested in the politics of the last sixty years.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372943
    Publication Date: 2016-12-30
    author-list-text: Stuart Hall
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Stuart Hall
    contrib-author: Stuart Hall
    contrib-editor: Sally Davison; David Featherstone; Michael Rustin; Bill Schwarz
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372943
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363866
    isbn-paper: 9780822369066
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Stuart Hall: Selected Writings
    short-abstract:

    Written between 1957 and 2011 and appearing in publications such as New Left Review and Marxism Today, these twenty essays are Stuart Hall's best known and most important writings that directly engage with political issues.

    subtitle: The Great Moving Right Show and Other Essays
  • Selenidad
    Author(s): Paredez, Deborah
    Abstract:

    An outpouring of memorial tributes and public expressions of grief followed the death of the Tejana recording artist Selena Quintanilla Pérez in 1995. The Latina superstar was remembered and mourned in documentaries, magazines, websites, monuments, biographies, murals, look-alike contests, musicals, drag shows, and more. Deborah Paredez explores the significance and broader meanings of this posthumous celebration of Selena, which she labels “Selenidad.” She considers the performer’s career and emergence as an icon within the political and cultural transformations in the United States during the 1990s, a decade that witnessed a “Latin explosion” in culture and commerce alongside a resurgence of anti-immigrant discourse and policy.

    Paredez argues that Selena’s death galvanized Latina/o efforts to publicly mourn collective tragedies (such as the murders of young women along the U.S.-Mexico border) and to envision a brighter future. At the same time, reactions to the star’s death catalyzed political jockeying for the Latino vote and corporate attempts to corner the Latino market. Foregrounding the role of performance in the politics of remembering, Paredez unravels the cultural, political, and economic dynamics at work in specific commemorations of Selena. She analyzes Selena’s final concert, the controversy surrounding the memorial erected in the star’s hometown of Corpus Christi, and the political climate that served as the backdrop to the touring musicals Selena Forever and Selena: A Musical Celebration of Life. Paredez considers what “becoming” Selena meant to the young Latinas who auditioned for the biopic Selena, released in 1997, and she surveys a range of Latina/o queer engagements with Selena, including Latina lesbian readings of the star’s death scene and queer Selena drag. Selenidad is a provocative exploration of how commemorations of Selena reflected and changed Latinidad.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390893
    Publication Date: 2009-07-22
    author-list-text: Deborah Paredez
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Deborah Paredez
    contrib-author: Deborah Paredez
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390893
    illustrations-note: 40 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344896
    isbn-paper: 9780822345022
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography on the significance of Selena's afterlife for Latino identity

    subtitle: Selena, Latinos, and the Performance of Memory
  • Selling Modernity
    Author(s): Swett, Pamela E.; Wiesen, S. Jonathan; Zatlin, Jonathan R.; De Grazia, Victoria
    Abstract:

    The sheer intensity and violence of Germany’s twentieth century—through the end of an empire, two world wars, two democracies, and two dictatorships—provide a unique opportunity to assess the power and endurance of commercial imagery in the most extreme circumstances. Selling Modernity places advertising and advertisements in this tumultuous historical setting, exploring such themes as the relationship between advertising and propaganda in Nazi Germany, the influence of the United States on German advertising, the use of advertising to promote mass consumption in West Germany, and the ideological uses and eventual prohibition of advertising in East Germany.

    While the essays are informed by the burgeoning literature on consumer society, Selling Modernity focuses on the actors who had the greatest stake in successful merchandising: company managers, advertising executives, copywriters, graphic artists, market researchers, and salespeople, all of whom helped shape the depiction of a company’s products, reputation, and visions of modern life. The contributors consider topics ranging from critiques of capitalism triggered by the growth of advertising in the 1890s to the racial politics of Coca-Cola’s marketing strategies during the Nazi era, and from the post-1945 career of an erotica entrepreneur to a federal anti-drug campaign in West Germany. Whether analyzing the growing fascination with racialized discourse reflected in early-twentieth-century professional advertising journals or the postwar efforts of Lufthansa to lure holiday and business travelers back to a country associated with mass murder, the contributors reveal advertising’s central role in debates about German culture, business, politics, and society.

    Contributors. Shelley Baranowski, Greg Castillo, Victoria de Grazia, Guillaume de Syon, Holm Friebe, Rainer Gries, Elizabeth Heineman, Michael Imort, Anne Kaminsky, Kevin Repp , Corey Ross, Jeff Schutts, Robert P. Stephens, Pamela E. Swett, S. Jonathan Wiesen, Jonathan R. Zatlin

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390350
    Publication Date: 2007-08-08
    author-list-text: Victoria De Grazia
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Victoria De Grazia
    contrib-editor: Pamela E. Swett; S. Jonathan Wiesen; Jonathan R. Zatlin
    contrib-other: Victoria De Grazia
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390350
    illustrations-note: 59 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340478
    isbn-paper: 9780822340690
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    A historical study of modern German advertising, from the Imperial period through the 1970s, that explores mass consumption in modern society and the relationship between business mentalities, artistic creation, consumer behavior, and ideology.

    subtitle: Advertising in Twentieth-Century Germany
  • Semiotics of Peasants in Transition
    Author(s): Portis-Winner, Irene; Van Schooneveld, C. H.
    Abstract:

    In Semiotics of Peasants in Transition Irene Portis-Winner examines the complexities of ethnic identity in a traditional Slovene village with unique ties to an American city. At once an investigation into a particular anthropological situation and a theoretical exploration of the semiotics of ethnic culture—in this case a culture permeated by transnational influences—Semiotics of Peasants in Transition describes the complex relationships that have existed between and among the villagers remaining in Slovenia and those who, throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, emigrated to Cleveland, Ohio.

    Describing a process of continuous and enduring interaction between these geographically separate communities, Portis-Winner explains how, for instance, financial assistance from the emigrants enabled their Slovenian hometown to survive the economic depressions of the 1890s and 1930s. She also analyzes the extent to which memories, rituals, myths, and traditional activities from Slovenia have sustained their Cleveland relatives. The result is a unique anthropological investigation into the signifying practices of a strongly cohesive—yet geographically split—ethnic group, as well as an illuminating application of semiotic analyses to communities and the complex problems they face.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383666
    Publication Date: 2002-06-10
    author-list-text: Irene Portis-Winner and C. H. Van Schooneveld
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Irene Portis-Winner and
    2. C. H. Van Schooneveld
    contrib-author: Irene Portis-Winner
    contrib-series-editor: C. H. Van Schooneveld
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383666
    illustrations-note: 13 b&w photos, 4 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328278
    isbn-paper: 9780822328414
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Sound and Meaning: The Roman Jakobson Series in Linguistics and Poetics
    short-abstract:

    Offers a new way of doing ethnography, based on an analysis of interaction between immigrants from a small village in Slovenia to the U.S. and the culture they left.

    subtitle: Slovene Villagers and Their Ethnic Relatives in America
  • Sensing Sound
    Author(s): Eidsheim, Nina Sun
    Abstract:

    In Sensing Sound Nina Sun Eidsheim offers a vibrational theory of music that radically re-envisions how we think about sound, music, and listening. Eidsheim shows how sound, music, and listening are dynamic and contextually dependent, rather than being fixed, knowable, and constant. She uses twenty-first-century operas by Juliana Snapper, Meredith Monk, Christopher Cerrone, and Alba Triana as case studies to challenge common assumptions about sound—such as air being the default medium through which it travels—and to demonstrate the importance a performance's location and reception play in its contingency. By theorizing the voice as an object of knowledge and rejecting the notion of an a priori definition of sound, Eidsheim releases the voice from a constraining set of fixed concepts and meanings. In Eidsheim's theory, music consists of aural, tactile, spatial, physical, material, and vibrational sensations. This expanded definition of music as manifested through material and personal relations suggests that we are all connected to each other in and through sound. Sensing Sound will appeal to readers interested in sound studies, new musicology, contemporary opera, and performance studies.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374695
    Publication Date: 2015-11-18
    author-list-text: Nina Sun Eidsheim
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nina Sun Eidsheim
    contrib-author: Nina Sun Eidsheim
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822374695
    illustrations-note: 26 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360469
    isbn-paper: 9780822360612
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Sign, Storage, Transmission
    short-abstract:

    Through an analysis of four contemporary operas, Nina Sun Eidsheim offers a vibrational theory of music that radically re-envisions of how we think about sound, music, and listening by challenging common assumptions about sound, freeing it from a constraining set of fixed concepts and meanings.

    subtitle: Singing and Listening as Vibrational Practice
  • Sentimental Collaborations
    Author(s): Kete, Mary Louise
    Abstract:

    During the 1992 Democratic Convention and again while delivering Harvard University’s commencement address two years later, Vice President Al Gore shared with his audience a story that showed the effect of sentiment in his life. In telling how an accident involving his son had provided him with a revelation concerning the compassion of others, Gore effectively reconstructed himself as a typical, middle-class American for whom sympathy can lead to salvation. This contemporary reiteration of mid-nineteenth-century American sentimental discourse proves to be a fruitful point of departure for Mary Louise Kete’s argument that sentimentality has been an important and recurring form of cultural narrative that has helped to shape middle-class American life.

    Many scholars have written about the sentimental novel as a primarily female genre and have stressed its negative ideological aspects. Kete finds that in fact many men—from writers to politicians—participated in nineteenth-century sentimental culture. Importantly, she also recovers the utopian dimension of the phenomenon, arguing that literary sentimentality, specifically in the form of poetry, is the written trace of a broad cultural discourse that Kete calls “sentimental collaboration”—an exchange of sympathy in the form of gifts that establishes common cultural or intellectual ground. Kete reads the work of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Mark Twain, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Lydia Huntley Sigourney with an eye toward the deployment of sentimentality for the creation of Americanism, as well as for political and abolitionist ends. Finally, she locates the origins of sentimental collaboration in the activities of ordinary people who participated in mourning rituals—writing poetry, condolence letters, or epitaphs—to ease their personal grief.

    Sentimental Collaborations significantly advances prevailing scholarship on Romanticism, antebellum culture, and the formation of the American middle class. It will be of interest to scholars of American studies, American literature, cultural studies, and women’s studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822398004
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Mary Louise Kete
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Mary Louise Kete
    contrib-author: Mary Louise Kete
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822398004
    illustrations-note: 4 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324355
    isbn-paper: 9780822324713
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    subtitle: Mourning and Middle-Class Identity in Nineteenth-Century America
  • Sentimental Materialism
    Author(s): Merish, Lori
    Abstract:

    In Sentimental Materialism Lori Merish considers the intricate relationship between consumption and womanhood in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Taking as her starting point a diversity of cultural artifacts—from domestic fiction and philosophical treatises to advice literature and cigars—Merish explores the symbolic functions they served and finds that consumption evolved into a form of personal expressiveness that indicated not only a woman’s wealth and taste but also her race, class, morality, and civic values. The discursive production of this new subjectivity—the feminine consumer—was remarkably influential, helping to shape American capitalism, culture, and nation building.

    The phenomenon of female consumption was capitalism’s complement to male production: It created what Merish calls the “Other Protestant Ethic,”a feminine and sentimental counterpart to Max Weber’s ethic of hard work, economic rationality, and self-control. In addition, driven by the culture’s effort to civilize the “cannibalistic” practices of ethnic, class, and national otherness, appropriate female consumerism, marked by taste and refinement, identified certain women and their families as proper citizens of the United States. The public nature of consumption, however, had curiously conflicting effects: While the achievement of cultured material circumstances facilitated women’s civic agency, it also reinforced stereotypes of domestic womanhood.

    Sentimental Materialism’s inquiry into middle-class consumption and accompanying ideals of womanhood will appeal to readers in a variety of disciplines, including American studies, cultural studies, feminist theory, and cultural history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377962
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: Lori Merish
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lori Merish
    contrib-author: Lori Merish
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822377962
    illustrations-note: 13 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324805
    isbn-paper: 9780822325161
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    subtitle: Gender, Commodity Culture, and Nineteenth-Century American Literature
  • September 11 in History
    Author(s): Dudziak, Mary L.; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.; Young, Marilyn B.; May, Elaine Tyler
    Abstract:

    Hours after the collapse of the Twin Towers, the idea that the September 11 attacks had “changed everything” permeated American popular and political discussion. In the period since then, the events of September 11 have been used to justify profound changes in U.S. public policy and foreign relations. Bringing together leading scholars of history, law, literature, and Islam, September 11 in History asks whether the attacks and their aftermath truly marked a transition in U.S. and world history or whether they are best understood in the context of pre-existing historical trajectories.

    From a variety of perspectives, the contributors to this collection scrutinize claims about September 11, in terms of both their historical validity and their consequences. Essays range from an analysis of terms like “ground zero,” “homeland,” and “the axis of evil” to an argument that the U.S. naval base at Guantánamo Bay has become a site for acting out a repressed imperial history. Examining the effect of the attacks on Islamic self-identity, one contributor argues that Osama bin Laden enacted an interpretation of Islam on September 11 and asserts that progressive Muslims must respond to it. Other essays focus on the deployment of Orientalist tropes in categorizations of those who “look Middle Eastern,” the blurring of domestic and international law evident in a number of legal developments including the use of military tribunals to prosecute suspected terrorists, and the justifications for and consequences of American unilateralism. This collectionultimately reveals that everything did not change on September 11, 2001, but that some foundations of democratic legitimacy have been significantly eroded by claims that it did.

    Contributors

    Khaled Abou el Fadl

    Mary L. Dudziak

    Christopher L. Eisgruber

    Laurence R. Helfer

    Sherman A. Jackson

    Amy B. Kaplan

    Elaine Tyler May

    Lawrence G. Sager

    Ruti G. Teitel

    Leti Volpp

    Marilyn B. Young

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384939
    Publication Date: 2003-10-07
    author-list-text: Gilbert M. Joseph, Emily S. Rosenberg, Marilyn B. Young and Elaine Tyler May
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gilbert M. Joseph,
    2. Emily S. Rosenberg,
    3. Marilyn B. Young and
    4. Elaine Tyler May
    contrib-editor: Mary L. Dudziak
    contrib-other: Marilyn B. Young; Elaine Tyler May
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384939
    illustrations-note: 20 photos (8 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332299
    isbn-paper: 9780822332428
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    Arguing that, despite overheated rhetoric at the time, 9/11 did not “change everything,” the contributors place this tragedy in its essential historical context.

    subtitle: A Watershed Moment?
  • Sermons from Duke Chapel
    Author(s): Willimon, William H.
    Abstract:

    Many of America’s greatest Protestant preachers—Paul Tillich, William Sloane Coffin, Barbara Brown Taylor, Fleming Rutledge, Peter J. Gomes, Billy Graham, and others—have spoken powerfully from the pulpit of the “great towering church” that is the spiritual and architectural center of Duke University. This collection of fifty-eight of the most notable sermons proclaimed from that pulpit commemorates the seventy-fifth anniversary of the groundbreaking for Duke Chapel. It is a sweeping panorama of sermons selected and edited by Bishop William H. Willimon, Dean of the Chapel for twenty years and one of the most widely read writers on preaching in America.

    Opening with the sermon preached in June 1935 at the dedication of the Chapel and closing with one by Willimon delivered at the beginning of the 2003–4 school year, this volume presents Protestant Christianity at its most eloquent and prophetic. Some sermons are pure meditations on biblical texts; others are period pieces in the best sense of the term, reflecting on such contemporary concerns as civil rights, the assassinations of Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy, and the wars in Europe, Vietnam, and Iraq. Willimon provides a brief introduction to each sermon, commenting on the work and thought of the preacher. Diverse in subject and style, the sermons collected in this volume are a treasure for those who love fine preaching, a resource for those studying the history of homiletics, and a light to rekindle the memories of those who have worshiped in the Chapel over the years.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386964
    Publication Date: 2005-02-09
    contrib-editor: William H. Willimon
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386964
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334835
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Offers 57 diverse sermons preached in Duke Chapel by such notable figures as Billy Graham, Paul Tillich, and Barbara Brown Taylor and a fascinating analysis of the acoustic and visual challenges of preaching and listening at Duke Chapel.

    subtitle: Voices from “A Great Towering Church”
  • Sessue Hayakawa
    Author(s): Miyao, Daisuke
    Abstract:

    While the actor Sessue Hayakawa (1886–1973) is perhaps best known today for his Oscar-nominated turn as a Japanese military officer in The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), in the early twentieth century he was an internationally renowned silent film star, as recognizable as Charlie Chaplin or Douglas Fairbanks. In this critical study of Hayakawa’s stardom, Daisuke Miyao reconstructs the Japanese actor’s remarkable career, from the films that preceded his meteoric rise to fame as the star of Cecil B. DeMille’s The Cheat (1915) through his reign as a matinee idol and the subsequent decline and resurrection of his Hollywood fortunes.

    Drawing on early-twentieth-century sources in both English and Japanese, including Japanese-language newspapers in the United States, Miyao illuminates the construction and reception of Hayakawa’s stardom as an ongoing process of cross-cultural negotiation. Hayakawa’s early work included short films about Japan that were popular with American audiences as well as spy films that played upon anxieties about Japanese nationalism. The Jesse L. Lasky production company sought to shape Hayakawa’s image by emphasizing the actor’s Japanese traits while portraying him as safely assimilated into U.S. culture. Hayakawa himself struggled to maintain his sympathetic persona while creating more complex Japanese characters that would appeal to both American and Japanese audiences. The star’s initial success with U.S. audiences created ambivalence in Japan, where some described him as traitorously Americanized and others as a positive icon of modernized Japan. This unique history of transnational silent-film stardom focuses attention on the ways that race, ethnicity, and nationality influenced the early development of the global film industry.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389828
    Publication Date: 2007-03-07
    author-list-text: Daisuke Miyao
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Daisuke Miyao
    contrib-author: Daisuke Miyao
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389828
    illustrations-note: 23 illustratons
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339588
    isbn-paper: 9780822339694
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    Critical biography of Sessue Hayakawa, a Japanese actor who became a popular silent film star in the U.S., that looks at how Hollywood treated issues of race and nationality in the early twentieth century.

    subtitle: Silent Cinema and Transnational Stardom
  • Seven Contemporary Plays from the Korean Diaspora in the Americas
    Author(s): Lee, Esther Kim
    Abstract:

    Showcasing the dynamism of contemporary Korean diasporic theater, this anthology features seven plays by second-generation Korean diasporic writers from the United States, Canada, and Chile. By bringing the plays together in this collection, Esther Kim Lee highlights the themes and styles that have enlivened Korean diasporic theater in the Americas since the 1990s. Some of the plays are set in urban Koreatowns. One takes place in the middle of Texas, while another unfolds entirely in a character's mind. Ethnic identity is not as central as it was in the work of previous generations of Asian diasporic playwrights. In these plays, experiences of diaspora and displacement are likely to be part of broader stories, such as the difficulties faced by a young mother trying to balance family and career. Running through these stories are themes of assimilation, authenticity, family, memory, trauma, and gender-related expectations of success. Lee's introduction includes a brief history of the Korean Peninsula in the twentieth century and of South Korean immigration to the Americas, along with an overview of Asian American theater and the place of Korean American theater within it. Each play is preceded by a brief biography of the playwright and a summary of the play's production history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395454
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    contrib-editor: Esther Kim Lee
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395454
    illustrations-note: 13 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352532
    isbn-paper: 9780822352747
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This volume brings together contemporary plays written by artists of Korean descent living in the Americas. The plays address the complex experiences of diaspora, from matters of immigration and cultural assimilation to home and belonging. In her introduction, Esther Kim Lee outlines the critical issues addressed by the playwrights and offers context for understanding the place of drama in representing the Korean diaspora. The book will be ideal for teaching and should also appeal to a general readership interested in drama and Asian American literature.

    subtitle:
  • Seven Faces
    Author(s): Perrone, Charles A.
    Abstract:

    Brazil, perhaps more than any other nation of the Americas, has placed poetry at the forefront of dialogue and debate about the limits and uses of art, the social duties of artists, and the nature of nationalism and national identity. In Seven Faces, Charles A. Perrone charts the course of Brazilian poetry in the contemporary period through the principal currents, multiple tendencies, and aesthetic tensions that have made the Brazilian lyric so creatively diverse.

    Perrone introduces the most important poetic themes of the second half of this century with a look back at Brazilian modernismo and the avant-garde legacy of poets of the 1920s and 30s. Brazilian poets, the author reveals, have long drawn inspiration from the other arts, experimenting with the inclusion of music, graphic arts, and other nontraditional elements within lyric forms. Relating aesthetic concerns to cultural issues, Perrone elucidates the major poetic movements in Brazil since modernismo: concretism and vanguard poetry, politically committed verse of the 60s, youth poetry of the 70s, the lyricism of Brazil’s renowned popular music, and the rethinking of poetry through postmodernism in the final decades of this century.

    Providing a window on the ways in which poetry reflects a national spirit and offers a measure of the status of culture in a consumer society, Seven Faces is the only book-length study in English of contemporary Brazilian poetry. It will be welcomed by students and scholars of Latin American literature as well as by general readers interested in poetry and its influence on culture and society.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822398011
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Charles A. Perrone
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Charles A. Perrone
    contrib-author: Charles A. Perrone
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822398011
    illustrations-note: 18 illustrations, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318071
    isbn-paper: 9780822318149
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Brazilian Poetry Since Modernism
  • Sex and Disability
    Author(s): McRuer, Robert; Mollow, Anna
    Abstract:

    The title of this collection of essays, Sex and Disability, unites two terms that the popular imagination often regards as incongruous. The major texts in sexuality studies, including queer theory, rarely mention disability, and foundational texts in disability studies do not discuss sex in much detail. What if "sex" and "disability" were understood as intimately related concepts? And what if disabled people were seen as both subjects and objects of a range of erotic desires and practices? These are among the questions that this collection's contributors engage. From multiple perspectives—including literary analysis, ethnography, and autobiography—they consider how sex and disability come together and how disabled people negotiate sex and sexual identities in ableist and heteronormative culture. Queering disability studies, while also expanding the purview of queer and sexuality studies, these essays shake up notions about who and what is sexy and sexualizable, what counts as sex, and what desire is. At the same time, they challenge conceptions of disability in the dominant culture, queer studies, and disability studies.

    Contributors. Chris Bell, Michael Davidson, Lennard J. Davis, Michel Desjardins, Lezlie Frye, Rachael Groner, Kristen Harmon, Michelle Jarman, Alison Kafer, Riva Lehrer, Nicole Markotić, Robert McRuer, Anna Mollow, Rachel O’Connell, Russell Shuttleworth, David Serlin, Tobin Siebers, Abby L. Wilkerson

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394877
    Publication Date: 2012-01-09
    contrib-editor: Robert McRuer; Anna Mollow
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394877
    illustrations-note: 11 illustrations, 3 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351405
    isbn-paper: 9780822351542
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This collection brings together scholars and artists in disability studies, sexuality, queer theory, and feminism, to show how much sexuality studies and disability studies have to learn from each other.

    subtitle:
  • Sex in Development
    Author(s): Pigg, Stacy Leigh; Adams, Vincanne; Rivkin-Fish, Michele
    Abstract:

    Sex in Development examines how development projects around the world intended to promote population management, disease prevention, and maternal and child health intentionally and unintentionally shape ideas about what constitutes “normal” sexual practices and identities. From sex education in Uganda to aids prevention in India to family planning in Greece, various sites of development work related to sex, sexuality, and reproduction are examined in the rich, ethnographically grounded essays in this volume. These essays demonstrate that ideas related to morality are repeatedly enacted in ostensibly value-neutral efforts to put into practice a “global” agenda reflecting the latest medical science.

    Sex in Development combines the cultural analysis of sexuality, critiques of global development, and science and technology studies. Whether considering the resistance encountered by representatives of an American pharmaceutical company attempting to teach Russian doctors a “value free” way to offer patients birth control or the tension between Tibetan Buddhist ideas of fertility and the modernization schemes of the Chinese government, these essays show that attempts to make sex a universal moral object to be managed and controlled leave a host of moral ambiguities in their wake as they are engaged, resisted, and reinvented in different ways throughout the world.

    Contributors. Vincanne Adams, Leslie Butt, Lawrence Cohen, Heather Dell, Vinh-Kim Nguyen, Shanti Parikh, Heather Paxson, Stacy Leigh Pigg, Michele Rivkin-Fish

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386414
    Publication Date: 2005-04-12
    author-list-text: Michele Rivkin-Fish
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Michele Rivkin-Fish
    contrib-editor: Stacy Leigh Pigg; Vincanne Adams
    contrib-other: Michele Rivkin-Fish
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386414
    illustrations-note: 6 b&w photos, 4 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334798
    isbn-paper: 9780822334910
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Ethnographic studies of the role of sexuality and gender in development discourse and policy.

    subtitle: Science, Sexuality, and Morality in Global Perspective
  • Sex in Revolution
    Author(s): Vaughan, Mary Kay; Cano, Gabriela; Olcott, Jocelyn H.; Olcott, Jocelyn H.
    Abstract:

    Sex in Revolution challenges the prevailing narratives of the Mexican Revolution and postrevolutionary state formation by placing women at center stage. Bringing to bear decades of feminist scholarship and cultural approaches to Mexican history, the essays in this book demonstrate how women seized opportunities created by modernization efforts and revolutionary upheaval to challenge conventions of sexuality, work, family life, religious practices, and civil rights.

    Concentrating on episodes and phenomena that occurred between 1915 and 1950, the contributors deftly render experiences ranging from those of a transgendered Zapatista soldier to upright damas católicas and Mexico City’s chicas modernas pilloried by the press and male students. Women refashioned their lives by seeking relief from bad marriages through divorce courts and preparing for new employment opportunities through vocational education. Activists ranging from Catholics to Communists mobilized for political and social rights. Although forced to compromise in the face of fierce opposition, these women made an indelible imprint on postrevolutionary society.

    These essays illuminate emerging practices of femininity and masculinity, stressing the formation of subjectivity through civil-society mobilizations, spectatorship and entertainment, and locales such as workplaces, schools, churches, and homes. The volume’s epilogue examines how second-wave feminism catalyzed this revolutionary legacy, sparking widespread, more radically egalitarian rural women’s organizing in the wake of late-twentieth-century democratization campaigns. The conclusion considers the Mexican experience alongside those of other postrevolutionary societies, offering a critical comparative perspective.

    Contributors. Ann S. Blum, Kristina A. Boylan, Gabriela Cano, María Teresa Fernández Aceves, Heather Fowler-Salamini, Susan Gauss, Temma Kaplan, Carlos Monsiváis, Jocelyn Olcott, Anne Rubenstein, Patience Schell, Stephanie Smith, Lynn Stephen, Julia Tuñón, Mary Kay Vaughan

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388449
    Publication Date: 2006-12-27
    contrib-editor: Mary Kay Vaughan; Gabriela Cano; Jocelyn H. Olcott; Jocelyn H. Olcott
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388449
    illustrations-note: 4 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338840
    isbn-paper: 9780822338994
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of histories showing how women participated in Mexican revolutionary and postrevolutionary state formation by challenging conventions of sexuality, work, family life, and religious practice.

    subtitle: Gender, Politics, and Power in Modern Mexico
  • Sex Scandal
    Author(s): Cohen, William A.
    Abstract:

    Never has the Victorian novel appeared so perverse as it does in these pages—and never his its perversity seemed so fundamental to its accomplishment. Whether discussing George Eliot’s lesbian readers, Anthony Trollope’s whorish heroines, or Charles Dickens’s masturbating characters, William A. Cohen’s study explodes the decorum of mainstream nineteenth-century fiction. By viewing this fiction alongside the most alarming public scandals of the day, Cohen exposes both the scandalousness of this literature and its sexiness.

    Scandal, then as now, makes public the secret indiscretions of prominent people, engrossing its audience in salacious details that violate the very code of propriety it aims to enforce. In narratives ranging from Great Expectations to the Boulton and Park sodomy scandal of 1870–71, from Eliot’s and Trollope’s novels about scandalous women to Oscar Wilde’s writing and his trials for homosexuality, Cohen shows how, in each instance, sexuality appears couched in coded terms. He identifies an assortment of cunning narrative techniques used to insinuate sex into Victorian writing, demonstrating that even as such narratives air the scandalous subject, they emphasize its unspeakable nature.

    Written with an eye toward the sex scandals that still whet the appetites of consumers of news and novels, this work is suggestive about our own modes of imagining sexuality today and how we arrived at them. Sex Scandal will appeal to scholars and general readers interested in Victorian literature, the history of sexuality, gender studies, nineteenth-century Britain, and gay, lesbian, and queer studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822398028
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: William A. Cohen
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. William A. Cohen
    contrib-author: William A. Cohen
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822398028
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318569
    isbn-paper: 9780822318484
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    subtitle: The Private Parts of Victorian Fiction
  • Sex Scene
    Author(s): Schaefer, Eric
    Abstract:

    Sex Scene suggests that what we have come to understand as the sexual revolution of the late 1960s and early 1970s was actually a media revolution. In lively essays, the contributors examine a range of mass media—film and television, recorded sound, and publishing—that provide evidence of the circulation of sex in the public sphere, from the mainstream to the fringe. They discuss art films such as I am Curious (Yellow), mainstream movies including Midnight Cowboy, sexploitation films such as Mantis in Lace, the emergence of erotic film festivals and of gay pornography, the use of multimedia in sex education, and the sexual innuendo of The Love Boat. Scholars of cultural studies, history, and media studies, the contributors bring shared concerns to their diverse topics. They highlight the increasingly fluid divide between public and private, the rise of consumer and therapeutic cultures, and the relationship between identity politics and individual rights. The provocative surveys and case studies in this nuanced cultural history reframe the "sexual revolution" as the mass sexualization of our mediated world.

    Contributors. Joseph Lam Duong, Jeffrey Escoffier, Kevin M. Flanagan, Elena Gorfinkel, Raymond J. Haberski Jr., Joan Hawkins, Kevin Heffernan, Eithne Johnson, Arthur Knight, Elana Levine, Christie Milliken, Eric Schaefer, Jeffrey Sconce, Jacob Smith, Leigh Ann Wheeler, Linda Williams

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376804
    Publication Date: 2014-03-24
    contrib-editor: Eric Schaefer
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376804
    illustrations-note: 58 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356424
    isbn-paper: 9780822356547
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Media and the Sexual Revolution

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