Browse by Title : R

  • Race and the Education of Desire
    Author(s): Stoler, Ann Laura
    Abstract:

    Michel Foucault’s History of Sexuality has been one of the most influential books of the last two decades. It has had an enormous impact on cultural studies and work across many disciplines on gender, sexuality, and the body. Bringing a new set of questions to this key work, Ann Laura Stoler examines volume one of History of Sexuality in an unexplored light. She asks why there has been such a muted engagement with this work among students of colonialism for whom issues of sexuality and power are so essential. Why is the colonial context absent from Foucault’s history of a European sexual discourse that for him defined the bourgeois self? In Race and the Education of Desire, Stoler challenges Foucault’s tunnel vision of the West and his marginalization of empire. She also argues that this first volume of History of Sexuality contains a suggestive if not studied treatment of race.

    Drawing on Foucault’s little-known 1976 College de France lectures, Stoler addresses his treatment of the relationship between biopower, bourgeois sexuality, and what he identified as “racisms of the state.” In this critical and historically grounded analysis based on cultural theory and her own extensive research in Dutch and French colonial archives, Stoler suggests how Foucault’s insights have in the past constrained—and in the future may help shape—the ways we trace the genealogies of race.

    Race and the Education of Desire will revise current notions of the connections between European and colonial historiography and between the European bourgeois order and the colonial treatment of sexuality. Arguing that a history of European nineteenth-century sexuality must also be a history of race, it will change the way we think about Foucault.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377719
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: Ann Laura Stoler
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ann Laura Stoler
    contrib-author: Ann Laura Stoler
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822377719
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316787
    isbn-paper: 9780822316909
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Foucault’s History of Sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things
  • Race and the Subject of Masculinities
    Author(s): Stecopoulos, Harilaos; Uebel, Michael
    Abstract:

    Although in recent years scholars have explored the cultural construction of masculinity, they have largely ignored the ways in which masculinity intersects with other categories of identity, particularly those of race and ethnicity. The essays in Race and the Subject of Masculinities address this concern and focus on the social construction of masculinity—black, white, ethnic, gay, and straight—in terms of the often complex and dynamic relationships among these inseparable categories.

    Discussing a wide range of subjects including the inherent homoeroticism of martial-arts cinema, the relationship between working-class ideologies and Elvis impersonators, the emergence of a gay, black masculine aesthetic in the works of James Van der Zee and Robert Mapplethorpe, and the comedy of Richard Pryor, Race and the Subject of Masculinities provides a variety of opportunities for thinking about how race, sexuality, and "manhood" are reinforced and reconstituted in today’s society. Editors Harry Stecopoulos and Michael Uebel have gathered together essays that make clear how the formation of masculine identity is never as obvious as it might seem to be. Examining personas as varied as Eddie Murphy, Bruce Lee, Tarzan, Malcolm X, and Andre Gidé, these essays draw on feminist critique and queer theory to demonstrate how cross-identification through performance and spectatorship among men of different races and cultural backgrounds has served to redefine masculinity in contemporary culture. By taking seriously the role of race in the making of men, Race and the Subject of Masculinities offers an important challenge to the new studies of masculinity.

    Contributors. Herman Beavers, Jonathan Dollimore, Richard Dyer, Robin D. G. Kelly, Christopher Looby, Leerom Medovoi, Eric Lott, Deborah E. McDowell, José E. Muñoz, Harry Stecopoulos, Yvonne Tasker, Michael Uebel, Gayle Wald, Robyn Wiegman

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397748
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Harilaos Stecopoulos; Michael Uebel
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822397748
    illustrations-note: 23 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319580
    isbn-paper: 9780822319665
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    subtitle:
  • Race Becomes Tomorrow
    Author(s): Sider, Gerald M.
    Abstract:

    In Race Becomes Tomorrow Gerald M. Sider weaves together stories from his civil rights activism, his youth, and his experiences as an anthropologist to investigate the dynamic ways race has been constructed and lived in America since the 1960s. Tacking between past and present, Sider describes how political power, economic control, and racism inject chaos into the lives of ordinary people, especially African Americans, with surprising consequences. In addition to recounting his years working on voter registration in rural North Carolina, Sider makes connections between numerous issues, from sharecropping and deindustrialization to the recessions of the 1970s and 2008, the rise of migrant farm labor, and contemporary living-wage campaigns. Sider's stories—whether about cockroach races in immigrant homes, degrading labor conditions, or the claims and failures of police violence—provide numerous entry points into gaining a deeper understanding of how race and power both are and cannot be lived. They demonstrate that race is produced and exists in unpredictability, and that the transition from yesterday to tomorrow is anything but certain.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375043
    Publication Date: 2015-10-21
    author-list-text: Gerald M. Sider
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gerald M. Sider
    contrib-author: Gerald M. Sider
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375043
    illustrations-note: 13 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359760
    isbn-paper: 9780822360087
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Gerald M. Sider weaves together stories from his civil rights activism, his childhood, and his experiences as an anthropologist to investigate the dynamic ways race has been constructed and lived in America since the 1960s.

    subtitle: North Carolina and the Shadow of Civil Rights
  • Race on the Line
    Author(s): Green, Venus
    Abstract:

    Race on the Line is the first book to address the convergence of race, gender, and technology in the telephone industry. Venus Green—a former Bell System employee and current labor historian—presents a hundred year history of telephone operators and their work processes, from the invention of the telephone in 1876 to the period immediately before the break-up of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company in 1984. Green shows how, as technology changed from a manual process to a computerized one, sexual and racial stereotypes enabled management to manipulate both the workers and the workplace.

    More than a simple story of the impact of technology, Race on the Line combines oral history, personal experience, and archival research to weave a complicated history of how skill is constructed and how its meanings change within a rapidly expanding industry. Green discusses how women faced an environment where male union leaders displayed economic as well as gender biases and where racism served as a persistent system of division. Separated into chronological sections, the study moves from the early years when the Bell company gave both male and female workers opportunities to advance; to the era of the “white lady” image of the company, when African American women were excluded from the industry and feminist working-class consciousness among white women was consequently inhibited; to the computer era, a time when black women had waged a successful struggle to integrate the telephone operating system but faced technological displacement and unrewarding work.

    An important study of working-class American women during the twentieth century, this book will appeal to a wide audience, particularly students and scholars with interest in women’s history, labor history, African American history, the history of technology, and business history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383109
    Publication Date: 2001-04-11
    author-list-text: Venus Green
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Venus Green
    contrib-author: Venus Green
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383109
    illustrations-note: 37 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325543
    isbn-paper: 9780822325734
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A labor history of women workers in the early years of the telephone industry.

    subtitle: Gender, Labor, and Technology in the Bell System, 1880–1980
  • Race, Nature, and the Politics of Difference
    Author(s): Moore, Donald S.; Kosek, Jake; Pandian, Anand
    Abstract:

    How do race and nature work as terrains of power? From eighteenth-century claims that climate determined character to twentieth-century medical debates about the racial dimensions of genetic disease, concepts of race and nature are integrally connected, woven into notions of body, landscape, and nation. Yet rarely are these complex entanglements explored in relation to the contemporary cultural politics of difference. This volume takes up that challenge. Distinguished contributors chart the traffic between race and nature across sites including rainforests, colonies, and courtrooms.

    Synthesizing a number of fields—anthropology, cultural studies, and critical race, feminist, and postcolonial theory—this collection analyzes diverse historical, cultural, and spatial locations. Contributors draw on thinkers such as Fanon, Foucault, and Gramsci to investigate themes ranging from exclusionary notions of whiteness and wilderness in North America to linguistic purity in Germany. Some essayists focus on the racialized violence of imperial rule and evolutionary science and the biopolitics of race and class in the Guatemalan civil war. Others examine how race and nature are fused in biogenetic discourse—in the emergence of “racial diseases” such as sickle cell anemia, in a case of mistaken in vitro fertilization in which a white couple gave birth to a black child, and even in the world of North American dog breeding. Several essays tackle the politics of representation surrounding environmental justice movements, transnational sex tourism, and indigenous struggles for land and resource rights in Indonesia and Brazil.

    Contributors. Bruce Braun, Giovanna Di Chiro, Paul Gilroy, Steven Gregory, Donna Haraway, Jake Kosek, Tania Murray Li, Uli Linke, Zine Magubane, Donald S. Moore, Diane Nelson, Anand Pandian, Alcida Rita Ramos, Keith Wailoo, Robyn Wiegman

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384656
    Publication Date: 2003-04-29
    contrib-editor: Donald S. Moore; Jake Kosek; Anand Pandian
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384656
    illustrations-note: 4 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330790
    isbn-paper: 9780822330912
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of essays that show the interdependence of concepts of race and nature.

    subtitle:
  • Race, Place, and Medicine
    Author(s): Peard, Julyan G.
    Abstract:

    Race, Place, and Medicine examines the impact of a group of nineteenth-century Brazilian physicians who became known posthumously as the Bahian Tropicalista School of Medicine. Julyan G. Peard explores how this group of obscure clinicians became participants in an international debate as they helped change the scientific framework and practices of doctors in Brazil.

    Peard shows how the Tropicalistas adapted Western medicine and challenged the Brazilian medical status quo in order to find new answers to the old question of whether the diseases of warm climates were distinct from those of temperate Europe. They carried out innovative research on parasitology, herpetology, and tropical disorders, providing evidence that countered European assumptions about Brazilian racial and cultural inferiority. In the face of European fatalism about health care in the tropics, the Tropicalistas forged a distinctive medicine based on their beliefs that public health would improve only if large social issues—such as slavery and abolition—were addressed and that the delivery of health care should encompass groups hitherto outside the doctors’ sphere, especially women. But the Tropicalistas’ agenda, which included biting social critiques and broad demands for the extension of health measures to all of Brazil’s people, was not sustained. Race, Place, and Medicine shows how imported models of tropical medicine—constructed by colonial nations for their own needs—downplayed the connection between socioeconomic factors and tropical disorders.

    This study of a neglected episode in Latin American history will interest Brazilianists, as well as scholars of Latin American, medical, and scientific history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381280
    Publication Date: 2000-03-20
    author-list-text: Julyan G. Peard
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Julyan G. Peard
    contrib-author: Julyan G. Peard
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822381280
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323761
    isbn-paper: 9780822323976
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Looks at a group of 19th century Brazilian doctors, the Bahian Tropicalista School, and their efforts to both counter European assumptions about Brazilian racial and cultural inferiority and doomed health and to forge their own definition of tropical medi

    subtitle: The Idea of the Tropics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil
  • Racial Castration
    Author(s): Eng, David L.; Halberstam, Judith; Lowe, Lisa
    Abstract:

    Racial Castration, the first book to bring together the fields of Asian American studies and psychoanalytic theory, explores the role of sexuality in racial formation and the place of race in sexual identity. David L. Eng examines images—literary, visual, and filmic—that configure past as well as contemporary perceptions of Asian American men as emasculated, homosexualized, or queer.

    Eng juxtaposes theortical discussions of Freud, Lacan, and Fanon with critical readings of works by Frank Chin, Maxine Hong Kingston, Lonny Kaneko, David Henry Hwang, Louie Chu, David Wong Louie, Ang Lee, and R. Zamora Linmark. While situating these literary and cultural productions in relation to both psychoanalytic theory and historical events of particular significance for Asian Americans, Eng presents a sustained analysis of dreamwork and photography, the mirror stage and the primal scene, and fetishism and hysteria. In the process, he offers startlingly new interpretations of Asian American masculinity in its connections to immigration exclusion, the building of the transcontinental railroad, the wartime internment of Japanese Americans, multiculturalism, and the model minority myth. After demonstrating the many ways in which Asian American males are haunted and constrained by enduring domestic norms of sexuality and race, Eng analyzes the relationship between Asian American male subjectivity and the larger transnational Asian diaspora. Challenging more conventional understandings of diaspora as organized by race, he instead reconceptualizes it in terms of sexuality and queerness.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381020
    Publication Date: 2001-02-27
    contrib-author: David L. Eng
    contrib-series-editor: Judith Halberstam; Lisa Lowe
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822381020
    illustrations-note: 14 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326311
    isbn-paper: 9780822326366
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Perverse Modernities
    short-abstract:

    A psychoanalytic study that argues for the centrality of sexuality in the construction of Asian-American identity, and of racial identity in general.

    subtitle: Managing Masculinity in Asian America
  • Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil
    Author(s): Hanchard, Michael; Telles, Edward E.; Winant, Howard; Mitchell, Michael; Lovell, Peggy A.
    Abstract:

    Bringing together U.S. and Brazilian scholars, as well as Afro-Brazilian political activists, Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil represents a significant advance in understanding the complexities of racial difference in contemporary Brazilian society. While previous scholarship on this subject has been largely confined to quantitative and statistical research, editor Michael Hanchard presents a qualitative perspective from a variety of disciplines, including history, sociology, political science, and cultural theory.

    The contributors to Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil examine such topics as the legacy of slavery and its abolition, the historical impact of social movements, race-related violence, and the role of Afro-Brazilian activists in negotiating the cultural politics surrounding the issue of Brazilian national identity. These essays also provide comparisons of racial discrimination in the United States and Brazil, as well as an analysis of residential segregation in urban centers and its affect on the mobilization of blacks and browns. With a focus on racialized constructions of class and gender and

    sexuality, Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil reorients the direction of Brazilian studies, providing new insights into Brazilian culture, politics, and race relations.

    This volume will be of importance to a wide cross section of scholars engaged with Brazil in particular, and Latin American studies in general. It will also appeal to those invested in the larger issues of political and social movements centered on the issue of race.

    Contributors. Benedita da Silva, Nelson do Valle Silva, Ivanir dos Santos, Richard Graham, Michael Hanchard, Carlos Hasenbalg, Peggy A. Lovell, Michael Mitchell, Tereza Santos, Edward Telles, Howard Winant

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382539
    Publication Date: 1999-05-04
    author-list-text: Edward E. Telles, Howard Winant, Michael Mitchell and Peggy A. Lovell
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Edward E. Telles,
    2. Howard Winant,
    3. Michael Mitchell and
    4. Peggy A. Lovell
    contrib-editor: Michael Hanchard
    contrib-other: Edward E. Telles; Howard Winant; Michael Mitchell; Peggy A. Lovell
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822382539
    illustrations-note: 9 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322528
    isbn-paper: 9780822322726
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This is an edited volume which discusses the racial politics of Brazil and the basis and understanding of labor-market and residential segregation in Brazilian society.

    subtitle:
  • Racial Revolutions
    Author(s): Warren, Jonathan W.; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia
    Abstract:

    Since the 1970s there has been a dramatic rise in the Indian population in Brazil as increasing numbers of pardos (individuals of mixed African, European, and indigenous descent) have chosen to identify themselves as Indians. In Racial Revolutions—the first book-length study of racial formation in Brazil that centers on Indianness—Jonathan W. Warren draws on extensive fieldwork and numerous interviews to illuminate the discursive and material forces responsible for this resurgence in the population.

    The growing number of pardos who claim Indian identity represents a radical shift in the direction of Brazilian racial formation. For centuries, the predominant trend had been for Indians to shed tribal identities in favor of non-Indian ones. Warren argues that many factors—including the reduction of state-sponsored anti-Indian violence, intervention from the Catholic church, and shifts in anthropological thinking about ethnicity—have prompted a reversal of racial aspirations and reimaginings of Indianness. Challenging the current emphasis on blackness in Brazilian antiracist scholarship and activism, Warren demonstrates that Indians in Brazil recognize and oppose racism far more than any other ethnic group.

    Racial Revolutions fills a number of voids in Latin American scholarship on the politics of race, cultural geography, ethnography, social movements, nation building, and state violence.

    Designated a John Hope Franklin Center book by the John Hope Franklin Seminar Group on Race, Religion, and Globalization.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381303
    Publication Date: 2001-09-05
    author-list-text: Jonathan W. Warren, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jonathan W. Warren,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Jonathan W. Warren
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822381303
    illustrations-note: 46 b&w photos, 1 map, 3 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327318
    isbn-paper: 9780822327417
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    The first analysis of a new phenomenon in Brazil, wherein a growing number of mestizos are asserting Indian identities, and racial politics and understandings of race formation have radically shifted.

    subtitle: Antiracism and Indian Resurgence in Brazil
  • Racial Transformations
    Author(s): De Genova, Nicholas; Okihiro, Gary Y.; Molina, Natalia; Jew, Victor; Robinson, Toni
    Abstract:

    Moving beyond the black-white binary that has long framed racial discourse in the United States, the contributors to this collection examine how the experiences of Latinos and Asians intersect in the formation of the U.S. nation-state. They analyze the political and social processes that have racialized Latinos and Asians while highlighting the productive ways that these communities challenge and transform the identities imposed on them. Each essay addresses the sociopolitical predicaments of both Latinos and Asians, bringing their experiences to light in relation to one another.

    Several contributors illuminate ways that Latinos and Asians were historically racialized: by U.S. occupiers of Puerto Rico and the Philippines at the end of the nineteenth century, by public health discourses and practices in early-twentieth-century Los Angeles, by anthropologists collecting physical data—height, weight, head measurements—from Chinese Americans to show how the American environment affected “foreign” body types in the 1930s, and by Los Angeles public officials seeking to explain the alleged criminal propensities of Mexican American youth during the 1940s. Other contributors focus on the coalitions and tensions between Latinos and Asians in the context of the fight to integrate public schools and debates over political redistricting. One addresses masculinity, race, and U.S. imperialism in the literary works of Junot Díaz and Chang-rae Lee. Another looks at the passions, identifications, and charges of betrayal aroused by the sensationalized cases of Elián González, the young Cuban boy rescued off the shore of Florida, and Wen Ho Lee, the Los Alamos physicist accused of spying on the United States. Throughout this volume contributors interrogate many of the assumptions that underlie American and ethnic studies even as they signal the need for a research agenda that expands the purview of both fields.

    Contributors. Nicholas De Genova, Victor Jew, Andrea Levine, Natalia Molina, Gary Y. Okihiro, Crystal Parikh, Greg Robinson, Toni Robinson, Leland T. Saito

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387619
    Publication Date: 2006-04-03
    author-list-text: Gary Y. Okihiro, Natalia Molina, Victor Jew and Toni Robinson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gary Y. Okihiro,
    2. Natalia Molina,
    3. Victor Jew and
    4. Toni Robinson
    contrib-editor: Nicholas De Genova
    contrib-other: Gary Y. Okihiro; Natalia Molina; Victor Jew; Toni Robinson
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387619
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337041
    isbn-paper: 9780822337164
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of essays that examine the intertwined racialization of Latinos and Asians in the United States .

    subtitle: Latinos and Asians Remaking the United States
  • Racially Writing the Republic
    Author(s): Baum, Bruce; Harris, Duchess; Tchen, John Kuo Wei; Janara, Laura
    Abstract:

    Racially Writing the Republic investigates the central role of race in the construction and transformation of American national identity from the Revolutionary War era to the height of the civil rights movement. Drawing on political theory, American studies, critical race theory, and gender studies, the contributors to this collection highlight the assumptions of white (and often male) supremacy underlying the thought and actions of major U.S. political and social leaders. At the same time, they examine how nonwhite writers and activists have struggled against racism and for the full realization of America’s political ideals. The essays are arranged chronologically by subject, and, with one exception, each essay is focused on a single figure, from George Washington to James Baldwin.

    The contributors analyze Thomas Jefferson’s legacy in light of his sexual relationship with his slave, Sally Hemings; the way that Samuel Gompers, the first president of the American Federation of Labor, rallied his organization against Chinese immigrant workers; and the eugenicist origins of the early-twentieth-century birth-control movement led by Margaret Sanger. They draw attention to the writing of Sarah Winnemucca, a Northern Piute and one of the first published Native American authors; the anti-lynching activist Ida B. Wells-Barnett; the Filipino American writer Carlos Bulosan; and the playwright Lorraine Hansberry, who linked civil rights struggles in the United States to anticolonial efforts abroad. Other figures considered include Alexis de Tocqueville and his traveling companion Gustave de Beaumont, Juan Nepomuceno Cortina (who fought against Anglo American expansion in what is now Texas), Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, and W. E. B. Du Bois. In the afterword, George Lipsitz reflects on U.S. racial politics since 1965.

    Contributors. Bruce Baum, Cari M. Carpenter, Gary Gerstle, Duchess Harris, Catherine A. Holland, Allan Punzalan Isaac, Laura Janara, Ben Keppel, George Lipsitz, Gwendolyn Mink, Joel Olson, Dorothy Roberts, Patricia A. Schechter, John Kuo Wei Tchen, Jerry Thompson

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392156
    Publication Date: 2009-07-08
    author-list-text: John Kuo Wei Tchen and Laura Janara
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. John Kuo Wei Tchen and
    2. Laura Janara
    contrib-editor: Bruce Baum; Duchess Harris
    contrib-other: John Kuo Wei Tchen; Laura Janara
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392156
    illustrations-note: 6 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344353
    isbn-paper: 9780822344476
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Investigates the history of U.S. political thought, dreams, and national identity by foregrounding the debasing role of race and racialized identities in constructions and transformations of what it has meant to be American.

    subtitle: Racists, Race Rebels, and Transformations of American Identity
  • Racism and Cultural Studies
    Author(s): San Juan Jr., E.; Pease, Donald E.
    Abstract:

    In Racism and Cultural Studies E. San Juan Jr. offers a historical-materialist critique of practices in multiculturalism and cultural studies. Rejecting contemporary theories of inclusion as affirmations of the capitalist status quo, San Juan envisions a future of politically equal and economically empowered citizens through the democratization of power and the socialization of property. Calling U.S. nationalism the new “opium of the masses,” he argues that U.S. nationalism is where racist ideas and practices are formed, refined, and reproduced as common sense and consensus.

    Individual chapters engage the themes of ethnicity versus racism, gender inequality, sexuality, and the politics of identity configured with the discourse of postcoloniality and postmodernism. Questions of institutional racism, social justice, democratization, and international power relations between the center and the periphery are explored and analyzed. San Juan fashions a critique of dominant disciplinary approaches in the humanities and social sciences and contends that “the racism question” functions as a catalyst and point of departure for cultural critiques based on a radical democratic vision. He also asks urgent questions regarding globalization and the future of socialist transformation of “third world” peoples and others who face oppression.

    As one of the most notable cultural theorists in the United States today, San Juan presents a provocative challenge to the academy and other disciplinary institutions. His intervention will surely compel the attention of all engaged in intellectual exchanges where race/ethnicity serves as an urgent focus of concern.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383703
    Publication Date: 2002-03-05
    author-list-text: E. San Juan Jr. and Donald E. Pease
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. E. San Juan Jr. and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: E. San Juan Jr.
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383703
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328513
    isbn-paper: 9780822328667
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    short-abstract:

    A historical critique of practices in multiculturalism and cultural studies.

    subtitle: Critiques of Multiculturalist Ideology and the Politics of Difference
  • Radiation Brain Moms and Citizen Scientists
    Author(s): Kimura, Aya Hirata
    Abstract:

    Following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant disaster in 2011 many concerned citizens—particularly mothers—were unconvinced by the Japanese government’s assurances that the country’s food supply was safe. They took matters into their own hands, collecting their own scientific data that revealed radiation-contaminated food. In Radiation Brain Moms and Citizen Scientists Aya Hirata Kimura shows how, instead of being praised for their concern about their communities’ health and safety, they faced stiff social sanctions, which dismissed their results by attributing them to the work of irrational and rumor-spreading women who lacked scientific knowledge. These citizen scientists were unsuccessful at gaining political traction, as they were constrained by neoliberal and traditional gender ideologies that dictated how private citizens—especially women—should act. By highlighting the challenges these citizen scientists faced, Kimura provides insights into the complicated relationship between science, foodways, gender, and politics in post-Fukushima Japan and beyond.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373964
    Publication Date: 2016-08-05
    author-list-text: Aya Hirata Kimura
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Aya Hirata Kimura
    contrib-author: Aya Hirata Kimura
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373964
    illustrations-note: 3 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361824
    isbn-paper: 9780822361992
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Aya Hirata Kimura traces the experiences of citizen scientists—particularly mothers—who after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant disaster collected scientific data that revealed radiation-contaminated food, showing how the Japanese government used neoliberal and traditional gender ideologies to discount and socially sanction these women and their findings.

    subtitle: The Gender Politics of Food Contamination after Fukushima
  • Radical Representations
    Author(s): Foley, Barbara
    Abstract:

    In this revisionary study, Barbara Foley challenges prevalent myths about left-wing culture in the Depression-era U.S. Focusing on a broad range of proletarian novels and little-known archival material, the author recaptures an important literature and rewrites a segment of American cultural history long obscured and distorted by the anti-Communist bias of contemporaries and critics.

    Josephine Herbst, William Attaway, Jack Conroy, Thomas Bell and Tillie Olsen, are among the radical writers whose work Foley reexamines. Her fresh approach to the U.S. radicals' debates over experimentalism, the relation of art to propaganda, and the nature of proletarian literature recasts the relation of writers to the organized left. Her grasp of the left's positions on the "Negro question" and the "woman question" enables a nuanced analysis of the relation of class to race and gender in the proletarian novel. Moreover, examining the articulation of political doctrine in different novelistic modes, Foley develops a model for discussing the interplay between politics and literary conventions and genres.

    Radical Representations recovers a literature of theoretical and artistic value meriting renewed attention form those interested in American literature, American studies, the U. S. left, and cultural studies generally.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397755
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Barbara Foley
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Barbara Foley
    contrib-author: Barbara Foley
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822397755
    isbn-cloth: 9780822313618
    isbn-paper: 9780822313946
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-contemporary interventions
    subtitle: Politics and Form in U.S. Proletarian Fiction, 1929–1941
  • Radical Sensations
    Author(s): Streeby, Shelley
    Abstract:

    The significant anarchist, black, and socialist world-movements that emerged in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth adapted discourses of sentiment and sensation and used the era's new forms of visual culture to move people to participate in projects of social, political, and economic transformation. Drawing attention to the vast archive of images and texts created by radicals prior to the 1930s, Shelley Streeby analyzes representations of violence and of abuses of state power in response to the Haymarket police riot, of the trial and execution of the Chicago anarchists, and of the mistreatment and imprisonment of Ricardo and Enrique Flores Magón and other members of the Partido Liberal Mexicano. She considers radicals' reactions to and depictions of U.S. imperialism, state violence against the Yaqui Indians in the U.S.-Mexico borderlands, the failure of the United States to enact laws against lynching, and the harsh repression of radicals that accelerated after the United States entered the First World War. By focusing on the adaptation and critique of sentiment, sensation, and visual culture by radical world-movements in the period between the Haymarket riots of 1886 and the deportation of Marcus Garvey in 1927, Streeby sheds new light on the ways that these movements reached across national boundaries, criticized state power, and envisioned alternative worlds.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395546
    Publication Date: 2013-02-01
    author-list-text: Shelley Streeby
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Shelley Streeby
    contrib-author: Shelley Streeby
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822395546
    illustrations-note: 88 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352808
    isbn-paper: 9780822352914
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Radical Sensations examines the radical world-movements that emerged between 1886 and 1927 adapted sentiment, sensation, and new forms of visual culture to move people to participate in projects of social, political, and economic transformation.

    subtitle: World Movements, Violence, and Visual Culture
  • Raising the Dead
    Author(s): Holland, Sharon Patricia; Pease, Donald E.
    Abstract:

    Raising the Dead is a groundbreaking, interdisciplinary exploration of death’s relation to subjectivity in twentieth-century American literature and culture. Sharon Patricia Holland contends that black subjectivity in particular is connected intimately to death. For Holland, travelling through “the space of death” gives us, as cultural readers, a nuanced and appropriate metaphor for understanding what is at stake when bodies, discourses, and communities collide.

    Holland argues that the presence of blacks, Native Americans, women, queers, and other “minorities” in society is, like death, “almost unspeakable.” She gives voice to—or raises—the dead through her examination of works such as the movie Menace II Society, Toni Morrison’s novel Beloved, Leslie Marmon Silko’s Almanac of the Dead, Randall Kenan’s A Visitation of Spirits, and the work of the all-white, male, feminist hip-hop band Consolidated. In challenging established methods of literary investigation by putting often-disparate voices in dialogue with each other, Holland forges connections among African-American literature and culture, queer and feminist theory.

    Raising the Dead will be of interest to students and scholars of American culture, African-American literature, literary theory, gender studies, queer theory, and cultural studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380382
    Publication Date: 2000-03-08
    author-list-text: Sharon Patricia Holland and Donald E. Pease
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sharon Patricia Holland and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Sharon Patricia Holland
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380382
    illustrations-note: 2 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324751
    isbn-paper: 9780822324997
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    short-abstract:

    Through a series of literary and cultural readings, argues that African-Americans have a special relation to death arising from their death-like social marginality.

    subtitle: Readings of Death and (Black) Subjectivity
  • Raw Material
    Author(s): O'Connor, Erin
    Abstract:

    Raw Material analyzes how Victorians used the pathology of disease to express deep-seated anxieties about a rapidly industrializing England’s relationship to the material world. Drawing on medicine, literature, political economy, sociology, anthropology, and popular advertising, Erin O’Connor explores “the industrial logic of disease,” the dynamic that coupled pathology and production in Victorian thinking about cultural processes in general, and about disease in particular.

    O’Connor focuses on how four particularly troubling physical conditions were represented in a variety of literature. She begins by exploring how Asiatic cholera, which reached epidemic proportions on four separate occasions between 1832 and 1865, was thought to represent the dangers of cultural contamination and dissolution. The next two chapters concentrate on the problems breast cancer and amputation posed for understanding gender. After discussing how breast cancer was believed to be caused by the female body’s intolerance to urban life, O'Connor turns to men’s bodies, examining how new prosthetic technology allowed dismembered soldiers and industrial workers to reconstruct themselves as productive members of society. The final chapter explores how freak shows displayed gross deformity as the stuff of a new and improved individuality. Complicating an understanding of the Victorian body as both a stable and stabilizing structure, she elaborates how Victorians used disease as a messy, often strategically unintelligible way of articulating the uncertainties of chaotic change. Over the course of the century, O’Connor shows, the disfiguring process of disease became a way of symbolically transfiguring the self. While cholera, cancer, limb loss, and deformity incapacitated and even killed people, their dramatic symptoms provided opportunities for imaginatively adapting to a world where it was increasingly difficult to determine not only what it meant to be human but also what it meant to be alive.

    Raw Material will interest an audience of students and scholars of Victorian literature, cultural history, and the history of medicine.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397762
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Erin O'Connor
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Erin O'Connor
    contrib-author: Erin O'Connor
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822397762
    illustrations-note: 50 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326083
    isbn-paper: 9780822326168
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Body, commodity, text
    subtitle: Producing Pathology in Victorian Culture
  • Re/presenting Class
    Author(s): Gibson-Graham, J. K.; Resnick, Stephen; Wolff, Richard; Graham, Julie; Gibson, Katherine
    Abstract:

    Re/presenting Class is a collection of essays that develops a poststructuralist Marxian conception of class in order to theorize the complex contemporary economic terrain. Both building upon and reconsidering a tradition that Stephen Resnick and Richard Wolff—two of this volume’s editors—began in the late 1980s with their groundbreaking work Knowledge and Class, contributors aim to correct previous research that has largely failed to place class as a central theme in economic analysis. Suggesting the possibility of a new politics of the economy, the collection as a whole focuses on the diversity and contingency of economic relations and processes.

    Investigating a wide range of cases, the essays illuminate, for instance, the organizational and cultural means by which unmeasured surpluses—labor that occurs outside the formal workplace‚ such as domestic work—are distributed and put to use. Editors Resnick and Wolff, along with J. K. Gibson-Graham, bring theoretical essays together with those that apply their vision to topics ranging from the Iranian Revolution to sharecropping in the Mississippi Delta to the struggle over the ownership of teaching materials at a liberal arts college. Rather than understanding class as an element of an overarching capitalist social structure, the contributors—from radical and cultural economists to social scientists—define class in terms of diverse and ongoing processes of producing, appropriating, and distributing surplus labor and view class identities as multiple, changing, and interacting with other aspects of identity in contingent and unpredictable ways.

    Re/presenting Class will appeal primarily to scholars of Marxism and political economy.

    Contributors. Carole Biewener, Anjan Chakrabarti, Stephen Cullenberg, Fred Curtis, Satyananda Gabriel, J. K. Gibson-Graham, Serap Kayatekin, Bruce Norton, Phillip O’Neill, Stephen Resnick, David Ruccio, Dean Saitta, Andriana Vlachou, Richard Wolff

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383093
    Publication Date: 2001-05-25
    contrib-editor: J. K. Gibson-Graham; Stephen Resnick; Richard Wolff; Julie Graham; Katherine Gibson
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383093
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327097
    isbn-paper: 9780822327202
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Twelve theoretical and historical essays emanate from a novel, shared poststructuralist conception of political economy.

    subtitle: Essays in Postmodern Marxism
  • Reading Boyishly
    Author(s): Mavor, Carol
    Abstract:

    An intricate text filled to the brim with connotations of desire, home, and childhood—nests, food, beds, birds, fairies, bits of string, ribbon, goodnight kisses, appetites sated and denied—Reading Boyishly is a story of mothers and sons, loss and longing, writing and photography. In this homage to four boyish men and one boy—J. M. Barrie, Roland Barthes, Marcel Proust, D. W. Winnicott, and the young photographer Jacques Henri Lartigue—Carol Mavor embraces what some have anxiously labeled an over-attachment to the mother. Here, the maternal is a cord (unsevered) to the night-light of boyish reading.

    To “read boyishly” is to covet the mother’s body as a home both lost and never lost, to desire her as only a son can, as only a body that longs for, but will never become Mother, can. Nostalgia (from the Greek nostos = return to native land, and algos = suffering or grief) is at the heart of the labor of boyish reading, which suffers in its love affair with the mother. The writers and the photographer that Mavor lovingly considers are boyish readers par excellence: Barrie, creator of Peter Pan, the boy who refused to grow up; Barthes, the “professor of desire” who lived with or near his mother until her death; Proust, the modernist master of nostalgia; Winnicott, therapist to “good enough” mothers; and Lartigue, the child photographer whose images invoke ghostlike memories of a past that is at once comforting and painful.

    Drawing attention to the interplay between writing and vision, Reading Boyishly is stuffed full with more than 200 images. At once delicate and powerful, the book is a meditation on the threads that unite mothers and sons and on the writers and artists who create from those threads art that captures an irretrievable past.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397779
    Publication Date: 2012-09-01
    author-list-text: Carol Mavor
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Carol Mavor
    contrib-author: Carol Mavor
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822397779
    illustrations-note: 215 illustrations (32 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338864
    isbn-paper: 9780822339625
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Roland Barthes, J. M. Barrie, Jacques Henri Lartigue, Marcel Proust, and D. W. Winnicott
  • Reading Country Music
    Author(s): Tichi, Cecelia
    Abstract:

    With its steel guitars, Opry stars, and honky-tonk bars, country music is an American original. The most popular music in America today, it’s also big business. Amazing, then, that country music has been so little studied by critics, given its predominance in American culture. Reading Country Music acknowledges the significance of country music as part of an authentic American heritage and turns a loving, critical eye toward understanding the sweep of this peculiarly American phenomenon.

    Bringing together a wide range of scholars and critics from literature, communications, history, sociology, art, and music, this anthology looks at everything from the inner workings of the country music industry to the iconography of certain stars to the development of distinctive styles within the country music genre. Essays include a look at the shift from "hard-core" to "soft-shell" country music in recent years; Johnny Cash as lesbian icon; gender, class, and region in Dolly Parton’s star image; and bluegrass’s gothic tradition. Originally published as a special issue of South Atlantic Quarterly, this expanded book edition includes new articles on the spirituality of Willie Nelson, the legacy and tradition of stringed music, and the revival of Stephen Foster’s blackface musical, among others.

    Contributors. Mary A. Bufwack, Don Cusic, Curtis W. Ellison, Mark Fenster, Vivien Green Fryd, Teresa Goddu, T. Walter Herbert, Christine Kreyling, Michael Kurek, Amy Schrager Lang, Charmaine Lanham, Bill Malone, Christopher Metress, Jocelyn Neal, Teresa Ortega, Richard A. Peterson, Ronnie Pugh, John W. Rumble, David Sanjek, Cecelia Tichi, Pamela Wilson, Charles K. Wolfe

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397786
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Cecelia Tichi
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822397786
    illustrations-note: 72 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321569
    isbn-paper: 9780822321682
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Steel Guitars, Opry Stars, and Honky Tonk Bars
  • Reading for Realism
    Author(s): Glazener, Nancy
    Abstract:

    Reading for Realism presents a new approach to U.S. literary history that is based on the analysis of dominant reading practices rather than on the production of texts. Nancy Glazener’s focus is the realist novel, the most influential literary form of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries—a form she contends was only made possible by changes in the expectations of readers about pleasure and literary value. By tracing readers’ collaboration in the production of literary forms, Reading for Realism turns nineteenth-century controversies about the realist, romance, and sentimental novels into episodes in the history of readership. It also shows how works of fiction by Rebecca Harding Davis, Henry James, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and others participated in the debates about literary classification and reading that, in turn, created and shaped their audiences.

    Combining reception theory with a materialist analysis of the social formations in which realist reading practices circulated, Glazener’s study reveals the elitist underpinnings of literary realism. At the book’s center is the Atlantic group of magazines, whose influence was part of the cultural machinery of the Northeastern urban bourgeoisie and crucial to the development of literary realism in America. Glazener shows how the promotion of realism by this group of publications also meant a consolidation of privilege—primarily in terms of class, gender, race, and region—for the audience it served. Thus American realism, so often portrayed as a quintessentially populist form, actually served to enforce existing structures of class and power.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399933
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Nancy Glazener
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nancy Glazener
    contrib-author: Nancy Glazener
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822399933
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318804
    isbn-paper: 9780822318705
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    subtitle: The History of a U.S. Literary Institution, 1850–1910
  • Reading the Figural, or, Philosophy after the New Media
    Author(s): Rodowick, David; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric
    Abstract:

    In Reading the Figural, or, Philosophy after the New Media D. N. Rodowick applies the concept of “the figural” to a variety of philosophical and aesthetic issues. Inspired by the aesthetic philosophy of Jean-François Lyotard, the figural defines a semiotic regime where the distinction between linguistic and plastic representation breaks down. This opposition, which has been the philosophical foundation of aesthetics since the eighteenth century, has been explicitly challenged by the new electronic, televisual, and digital media. Rodowick—one of the foremost film theorists writing today—contemplates this challenge, describing and critiquing the new regime of signs and new ways of thinking that such media have inaugurated.

    To fully comprehend the emergence of the figural requires a genealogical critique of the aesthetic, Rodowick claims. Seeking allies in this effort to deconstruct the opposition of word and image and to create new concepts for comprehending the figural, he journeys through a range of philosophical writings: Thierry Kuntzel and Marie-Claire Ropars-Wuilleumier on film theory; Jacques Derrida on the deconstruction of the aesthetic; Siegfried Kracauer and Walter Benjamin on the historical image as a utopian force in photography and film; and Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault on the emergence of the figural as both a semiotic regime and a new stratagem of power coincident with the appearance of digital phenomena and of societies of control.

    Scholars of philosophy, film theory, cultural criticism, new media, and art history will be interested in the original and sophisticated insights found in this book.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380764
    Publication Date: 2001-08-21
    author-list-text: David Rodowick, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. David Rodowick,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: David Rodowick
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380764
    illustrations-note: 55 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327110
    isbn-paper: 9780822327226
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    short-abstract:

    Theorizes the concept of the figural as a way to get beyond the long held aesthetic distinction between plastic and linguistic arts, a distinction that will not work for film and new media.

    subtitle:
  • Ready-to-Wear and Ready-to-Work
    Author(s): Green, Nancy L.; Gordon, Andrew; James, Daniel; Keyssar, Alexander
    Abstract:

    Nancy L. Green offers a critical and lively look at New York’s Seventh Avenue and the Parisian Sentier in this first comparative study of the two historical centers of the women’s garment industry. Torn between mass production and "art," this industry is one of the few manufactauring sectors left in the service-centered cities of today. Ready-to-Wear and Ready-to-Work tells the story of urban growth, the politics of labor, and the relationships among the many immigrant groups who have come to work the sewing machines over the last century.

    Green focuses on issues of fashion and fabrication as they involve both the production and consumption of clothing. Traditionally, much of the urban garment industry has been organized around small workshops and flexible homework, and Green emphasizes the effect this labor organization had on the men and mostly women who have sewn the garments. Whether considering the immigrant Jews, Italians, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, and Chinese in New York or the Chinese-Cambodians, Turks, Armenians, and Russian, Polish, and Tunisian Jews in Paris, she outlines similarities of social experience in the shops and the unions, while allowing the voices of the workers, in all their diversity to be heard.

    A provocative examination of gender and ethnicity, historical conflict and consensus, and notions of class and cultural difference, Ready-to-Wear and Ready-to-Work breaks new ground in the methodology of comparative history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382744
    Publication Date: 1997-01-16
    author-list-text: Nancy L. Green, Andrew Gordon, Daniel James and Alexander Keyssar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nancy L. Green,
    2. Andrew Gordon,
    3. Daniel James and
    4. Alexander Keyssar
    contrib-author: Nancy L. Green
    contrib-series-editor: Andrew Gordon; Daniel James; Alexander Keyssar
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822382744
    illustrations-note: 10 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318842
    isbn-paper: 9780822318743
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Comparative and International Working-Class History
    subtitle: A Century of Industry and Immigrants in Paris and New York
  • Real Country
    Author(s): Fox, Aaron A.
    Abstract:

    In Lockhart, Texas, a rural working-class town just south of Austin, country music is a way of life. Conversation slips easily into song, and the songs are full of conversation. Anthropologist and musician Aaron A. Fox spent years in Lockhart making research notes, music, and friends. In Real Country, he provides an intimate, in-depth ethnography of the community and its music. Showing that country music is deeply embedded in the textures of working-class life, Fox argues that it is the cultural and intellectual property of working-class people and not only of the Nashville-based music industry or the stars whose lives figure so prominently in popular and scholarly writing about the genre.

    Fox spent hundreds of hours observing, recording, and participating in talk and music-making in homes, beer joints, and garage jam sessions. He renders the everyday life of Lockhart’s working-class community in detail, right down to the ice cold beer, the battered guitars, and the technical skills of such local musical legends as Randy Meyer and Larry “Hoppy” Hopkins. Throughout, Fox focuses on the human voice. His analyses of conversations, interviews, songs, and vocal techniques show how feeling and experience are expressed, and how local understandings of place, memory, musical aesthetics, working-class social history, race, and gender are shared. In Real Country, working-class Texans re-imagine their past and give voice to the struggles and satisfactions of their lives in the present through music.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385998
    Publication Date: 2004-09-15
    author-list-text: Aaron A. Fox
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Aaron A. Fox
    contrib-author: Aaron A. Fox
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385998
    illustrations-note: 40 b&w photos, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333364
    isbn-paper: 9780822333487
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnographic study of country music, and the bars, life, and everyday speech of its rural fans.

    subtitle: Music and Language in Working-Class Culture
  • Real Folks
    Author(s): Retman, Sonnet
    Abstract:

    During the Great Depression, people from across the political spectrum sought to ground American identity in the rural know-how of “the folk.” At the same time, certain writers, filmmakers, and intellectuals combined documentary and satire into a hybrid genre that revealed the folk as an anxious product of corporate capitalism, rather than an antidote to commercial culture. In Real Folks, Sonnet Retman analyzes the invention of the folk as figures of authenticity in the political culture of the 1930s, as well as the critiques that emerged in response. Diverse artists and intellectuals—including the novelists George Schuyler and Nathanael West, the filmmaker Preston Sturges, and the anthropologist Zora Neale Hurston—illuminated the fabrication and exploitation of folk authenticity in New Deal and commercial narratives. They skewered the racist populisms that prevented interracial working-class solidarity, prophesized the patriotic function of the folk for the nation-state in crisis, and made their readers and viewers feel self-conscious about the desire for authenticity. By illuminating the subversive satirical energy of the 1930s, Retman identifies a rich cultural tradition overshadowed until now by the scholarly focus on Depression-era social realism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393894
    Publication Date: 2011-08-29
    author-list-text: Sonnet Retman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sonnet Retman
    contrib-author: Sonnet Retman
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393894
    illustrations-note: 22 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349259
    isbn-paper: 9780822349440
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Real Folks examines the construction of the folk in Depression-era U.S. politics and culture, as well as the hybrid forms of documentary and satire that critiqued the populist fixation on folk authenticity.

    subtitle: Race and Genre in the Great Depression
  • Real Men Don't Sing
    Author(s): McCracken, Allison
    Abstract:

    The crooner Rudy Vallée's soft, intimate, and sensual vocal delivery simultaneously captivated millions of adoring fans and drew harsh criticism from those threatened by his sensitive masculinity. Although Vallée and other crooners reflected the gender fluidity of late-1920s popular culture, their challenge to the Depression era's more conservative masculine norms led cultural authorities to stigmatize them as gender and sexual deviants. In Real Men Don't Sing Allison McCracken outlines crooning's history from its origins in minstrelsy through its development as the microphone sound most associated with white recording artists, band singers, and radio stars. She charts early crooners’ rise and fall between 1925 and 1934, contrasting Rudy Vallée with Bing Crosby to demonstrate how attempts to contain crooners created and dictated standards of white masculinity for male singers. Unlike Vallée, Crosby survived the crooner backlash by adapting his voice and persona to adhere to white middle-class masculine norms. The effects of these norms are felt to this day, as critics continue to question the masculinity of youthful, romantic white male singers. Crooners, McCracken shows, not only were the first pop stars: their short-lived yet massive popularity fundamentally changed American culture.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375326
    Publication Date: 2015-09-02
    author-list-text: Allison McCracken
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Allison McCracken
    contrib-author: Allison McCracken
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375326
    illustrations-note: 80 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359173
    isbn-paper: 9780822359364
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring American Music
    short-abstract:

    Allison McCracken charts the rise and fall of crooners between 1925 and 1934, showing how the backlash against crooners' perceived sexual and gender deviance created stylistically masculine norms for white male pop singers that continue to exist today.

    subtitle: Crooning in American Culture
  • Real Pigs
    Author(s): Weiss, Brad
    Abstract:

    In addition to being one of the United States' largest pork producers, North Carolina is home to a developing niche market of pasture-raised pork. In Real Pigs Brad Weiss traces the desire for "authentic" local foods in the Piedmont region of central North Carolina as he follows farmers, butchers, and chefs through the process of breeding, raising, butchering, selling, and preparing pigs raised on pasture for consumption. Drawing on his experience working on Piedmont pig farms and at farmers’ markets, Weiss explores the history, values, social relations, and practices that drive the pasture-raised pork market. He shows how pigs in the Piedmont become imbued with notions of authenticity, illuminating the ways the region's residents understand local notions of place and culture. Full of anecdotes and interviews with the market's primary figures, Real Pigs reminds us that what we eat and why have implications that resonate throughout the wider social, cultural, and historical world.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374237
    Publication Date: 2016-07-15
    author-list-text: Brad Weiss
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Brad Weiss
    contrib-author: Brad Weiss
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374237
    illustrations-note: 37 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361381
    isbn-paper: 9780822361572
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In Real Pigs Brad Weiss traces the desire for creating "authentic" local foods in the Piedmont region of central North Carolina as he follows farmers, butchers, and chefs as they breed, raise, butcher, market, sell, and prepare their pasture-raised hogs for consumption.

    subtitle: Shifting Values in the Field of Local Pork
  • Reality Gendervision
    Author(s): Weber, Brenda R.
    Abstract:

    This essay collection focuses on the gendered dimensions of reality television in both the United States and Great Britain. Through close readings of a wide range of reality programming, from Finding Sarah and Sister Wives to Ghost Adventures and Deadliest Warrior, the contributors think through questions of femininity and masculinity, as they relate to the intersections of gender, race, class, and sexuality. They connect the genre's combination of real people and surreal experiences, of authenticity and artifice, to the production of identity and norms of citizenship, the commodification of selfhood, and the naturalization of regimes of power. Whether assessing the Kardashian family brand, portrayals of hoarders, or big-family programs such as 19 Kids and Counting, the contributors analyze reality television as a relevant site for the production and performance of gender. In the process, they illuminate the larger neoliberal and postfeminist contexts in which reality TV is produced, promoted, watched, and experienced.

    Contributors. David Greven, Dana Heller, Su Holmes, Deborah Jermyn, Misha Kavka, Amanda Ann Klein, Susan Lepselter, Diane Negra, Laurie Ouellette, Gareth Palmer, Kirsten Pike, Maria Pramaggiore, Kimberly Springer, Rebecca Stephens, Lindsay Steenberg, Brenda R. Weber

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376644
    Publication Date: 2014-03-03
    contrib-editor: Brenda R. Weber
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376644
    illustrations-note: 32 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356691
    isbn-paper: 9780822356820
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Sexuality and Gender on Transatlantic Reality Television
  • Reason and Democracy
    Author(s): Spragens, Thomas A.
    Abstract:

    Reason and Democracy breaks new ground in providing a plausible philosophical basis for the communitarian view of a healthy democracy as the rational pursuit of common purposes by free and equal citizens. Thomas A. Spragens Jr. argues that the most persistent paradigms of Western political rationality originated in classical philosophy, took their modern expression in the philosophies of Kant and Mill, and terminated in Max Weber’s pairing of purely technical rationality with arbitrary ends.

    Drawing on recent work in the philosophy of science and the philosophy of language, combined with appropriate analogies in political thought and action, Spragens maintains that it is possible to discern the outlines of a philosophically cogent and morally beneficial concept of rational practice on the part of a political community. This possibility, he contends, provides a philosophical basis for liberal democratic politics that is superior to utilitarian and deontological accounts.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382980
    Publication Date: 1990-07-20
    author-list-text: Thomas A. Spragens
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Thomas A. Spragens
    contrib-author: Thomas A. Spragens
    copyright-year: 1990
    eisbn: 9780822382980
    isbn-cloth: 9780822310501
    isbn-paper: 9780822310686
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Reason and Democracy breaks new ground in providing a plausible philosophical basis for the communitarian view of a healthy democracy as the rational pursuit of common purposes by free and equal citizens. Thomas A. Spragens Jr. argues that the most persistent paradigms of Western political rationality originated in classical philosophy, took their modern expression in the philosophies of Kant and Mill, and terminated in Max Weber’s pairing of purely technical rationality with arbitrary ends.

    Drawing on recent work in the philosophy of science and the philosophy of language, combined with appropriate analogies in political thought and action, Spragens maintains that it is possible to discern the outlines of a philosophically cogent and morally beneficial concept of rational practice on the part of a political community. This possibility, he contends, provides a philosophical basis for liberal democratic politics that is superior to utilitarian and deontological accounts.

    subtitle:
  • Rebels
    Author(s): Medovoi, Leerom; Pease, Donald E.
    Abstract:

    Holden Caulfield, the beat writers, Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, and James Dean—these and other avatars of youthful rebellion were much more than entertainment. As Leerom Medovoi shows, they were often embraced and hotly debated at the dawn of the Cold War era because they stood for dissent and defiance at a time when the ideological production of the United States as leader of the “free world” required emancipatory figures who could represent America’s geopolitical claims. Medovoi argues that the “bad boy” became a guarantor of the country’s anti-authoritarian, democratic self-image: a kindred spirit to the freedom-seeking nations of the rapidly decolonizing third world and a counterpoint to the repressive conformity attributed to both the Soviet Union abroad and America’s burgeoning suburbs at home.

    Alongside the young rebel, the contemporary concept of identity emerged in the 1950s. It was in that decade that “identity” was first used to define collective selves in the politicized manner that is recognizable today: in terms such as “national identity” and “racial identity.” Medovoi traces the rapid absorption of identity themes across many facets of postwar American culture, including beat literature, the young adult novel, the Hollywood teen film, early rock ‘n’ roll, black drama, and “bad girl” narratives. He demonstrates that youth culture especially began to exhibit telltale motifs of teen, racial, sexual, gender, and generational revolt that would burst into political prominence during the ensuing decades, bequeathing to the progressive wing of contemporary American political culture a potent but ambiguous legacy of identity politics.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387299
    Publication Date: 2005-11-02
    author-list-text: Leerom Medovoi and Donald E. Pease
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Leerom Medovoi and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Leerom Medovoi
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387299
    illustrations-note: 37 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336808
    isbn-paper: 9780822336921
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    short-abstract:

    A cultural history of the political legitimization of youth rebellion during the Cold War era.

    subtitle: Youth and the Cold War Origins of Identity
  • Recentering Globalization
    Author(s): Iwabuchi, Koichi
    Abstract:

    Globalization is usually thought of as the worldwide spread of Western—particularly American—popular culture. Yet if one nation stands out in the dissemination of pop culture in East and Southeast Asia, it is Japan. Pokémon, anime, pop music, television dramas such as Tokyo Love Story and Long Vacation—the export of Japanese media and culture is big business. In Recentering Globalization, Koichi Iwabuchi explores how Japanese popular culture circulates in Asia. He situates the rise of Japan’s cultural power in light of decentering globalization processes and demonstrates how Japan’s extensive cultural interactions with the other parts of Asia complicate its sense of being "in but above" or "similar but superior to" the region.

    Iwabuchi has conducted extensive interviews with producers, promoters, and consumers of popular culture in Japan and East Asia. Drawing upon this research, he analyzes Japan’s "localizing" strategy of repackaging Western pop culture for Asian consumption and the ways Japanese popular culture arouses regional cultural resonances. He considers how transnational cultural flows are experienced differently in various geographic areas by looking at bilateral cultural flows in East Asia. He shows how Japanese popular music and television dramas are promoted and understood in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore, and how "Asian" popular culture (especially Hong Kong’s) is received in Japan.

    Rich in empirical detail and theoretical insight, Recentering Globalization is a significant contribution to thinking about cultural globalization and transnationalism, particularly in the context of East Asian cultural studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384083
    Publication Date: 2002-10-18
    author-list-text: Koichi Iwabuchi
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Koichi Iwabuchi
    contrib-author: Koichi Iwabuchi
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822384083
    illustrations-note: 7 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329855
    isbn-paper: 9780822328919
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An examination of the increased presence of Japanese media and popluar culture in the rest of Asia and the way it has transformed Japanese self-understanding.

    subtitle: Popular Culture and Japanese Transnationalism
  • Reckoning
    Author(s): Nelson, Diane M.
    Abstract:

    Following the 1996 treaty ending decades of civil war, how are Guatemalans reckoning with genocide, especially since almost everyone contributed in some way to the violence? Meaning “to count, figure up” and “to settle rewards and punishments,” reckoning promises accounting and accountability. Yet as Diane M. Nelson shows, the means by which the war was waged, especially as they related to race and gender, unsettled the very premises of knowing and being. Symptomatic are the stories of duplicity pervasive in postwar Guatemala, as the left, the Mayan people, and the state were each said to have “two faces.” Drawing on more than twenty years of research in Guatemala, Nelson explores how postwar struggles to reckon with traumatic experience illuminate the assumptions of identity more generally.

    Nelson brings together stories of human rights activism, Mayan identity struggles, coerced participation in massacres, and popular entertainment—including traditional dances, horror films, and carnivals—with analyses of mass-grave exhumations, official apologies, and reparations. She discusses the stereotype of the Two-Faced Indian as colonial discourse revivified by anti-guerrilla counterinsurgency and by the claims of duplicity leveled against the Nobel laureate Rigoberta Menchú, and she explores how duplicity may in turn function as a survival strategy for some. Nelson examines suspicions that state power is also two-faced, from the left’s fears of a clandestine para-state behind the democratic façade, to the right’s conviction that NGOs threaten Guatemalan sovereignty. Her comparison of antimalaria and antisubversive campaigns suggests biopolitical ways that the state is two-faced, simultaneously giving and taking life. Reckoning is a view from the ground up of how Guatemalans are finding creative ways forward, turning ledger books, technoscience, and even gory horror movies into tools for making sense of violence, loss, and the future.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389408
    Publication Date: 2009-02-25
    author-list-text: Diane M. Nelson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Diane M. Nelson
    contrib-author: Diane M. Nelson
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822389408
    illustrations-note: 32 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343417
    isbn-paper: 9780822343240
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An examination of how Guatemalans are reckoning with the aftermath of a civil war that left fundamental assumptions about selves and others in tatters when it officially ended in 1996.

    subtitle: The Ends of War in Guatemala
  • Reckoning with Pinochet
    Author(s): Stern, Steve J.; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia
    Abstract:

    Reckoning with Pinochet is the first comprehensive account of how Chile came to terms with General Augusto Pinochet’s legacy of human rights atrocities. An icon among Latin America’s “dirty war” dictators, Pinochet had ruled with extreme violence while building a loyal social base. Hero to some and criminal to others, the general cast a long shadow over Chile’s future. Steve J. Stern recounts the full history of Chile’s democratic reckoning, from the negotiations in 1989 to chart a post-dictatorship transition; through Pinochet’s arrest in London in 1998; the thirtieth anniversary, in 2003, of the coup that overthrew President Salvador Allende; and Pinochet’s death in 2006. He shows how transnational events and networks shaped Chile’s battles over memory, and how the Chilean case contributed to shifts in the world culture of human rights.

    Stern’s analysis integrates policymaking by elites, grassroots efforts by human rights victims and activists, and inside accounts of the truth commissions and courts where top-down and bottom-up initiatives met. Interpreting solemn presidential speeches, raucous street protests, interviews, journalism, humor, cinema, and other sources, he describes the slow, imperfect, but surprisingly forceful advance of efforts to revive democratic values through public memory struggles, despite the power still wielded by the military and a conservative social base including the investor class. Over time, resourceful civil-society activists and select state actors won hard-fought, if limited, gains. As a result, Chileans were able to face the unwelcome past more honestly, launch the world’s first truth commission to examine torture, ensnare high-level perpetrators in the web of criminal justice, and build a public culture of human rights. Stern provides an important conceptualization of collective memory in the wake of national trauma in this magisterial work of history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391777
    Publication Date: 2010-04-09
    author-list-text: Steve J. Stern, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Steve J. Stern,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Steve J. Stern
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391777
    illustrations-note: 29 photographs, 1 table, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347125
    isbn-paper: 9780822347293
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise
    short-abstract:

    The first comprehensive account of how Chile came to terms with General Augusto Pinochet s legacy of human rights atrocities.

    subtitle: The Memory Question in Democratic Chile, 1989–2006
  • Reclaiming the Political in Latin American History
    Author(s): Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.; Viotti da Costa, Emilia; Stern, Steve J.
    Abstract:

    Reclaiming the Political in Latin American History is a collection that embraces a new social and cultural history of Latin America that is not divorced from politics and other arenas of power. True to the intellectual vision of Brazilian historian Emilia Viotti da Costa, one of Latin America’s most distinguished scholars, the contributors actively revisit the political—as both a theme of historical analysis and a stance for historical practice—to investigate the ways in which power, agency, and Latin American identity have been transformed over the past few decades.

    Taking careful stock of the state of historical writing on Latin America, the volume delineates current historiographical frontiers and suggests a series of new approaches that focus on several pivotal themes: the construction of historical narratives and memory; the articulation of class, race, gender, sexuality, and generation; and the historian’s involvement in the making of history. Although the book represents a view of the Latin American political that comes primarily from the North, the influence of Viotti da Costa powerfully marks the contributors’ engagement with Latin America’s past. Featuring a keynote essay by Viotti da Costa herself, the volume’s lively North-South encounter embodies incipient trends of hemispheric intellectual convergence.

    Contributors. Jeffrey L. Gould, Greg Grandin, Daniel James, Gilbert M. Joseph, Thomas Miller Klubock, Mary Ann Mahony, Florencia E. Mallon, Diana Paton, Steve J. Stern, Heidi Tinsman, Emilia Viotti da Costa, Barbara Weinstein

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383260
    Publication Date: 2001-12-04
    author-list-text: Emily S. Rosenberg, Emilia Viotti da Costa and Steve J. Stern
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Emily S. Rosenberg,
    2. Emilia Viotti da Costa and
    3. Steve J. Stern
    contrib-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph
    contrib-other: Emilia Viotti da Costa; Steve J. Stern
    contrib-series-editor: Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383260
    illustrations-note: 4 b&w photos, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327790
    isbn-paper: 9780822327899
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    A collection of essays and case studies on Latin America which suggest new historiographical approaches and political strategies, linking materialist analysis to constructivist understandings of power, meaning, identity, and agency.

    subtitle: Essays from the North
  • Reclaiming Travel
    Author(s): Stavans, Ilan; Ellison, Joshua
    Abstract:

    Based on a controversial opinion piece originally published in the New York Times, Reclaiming Travel is a provocative meditation on the meaning of travel from ancient times to the twenty-first century. Ilan Stavans and Joshua Ellison seek to understand why we travel and what has come to be missing from our contemporary understanding of travel. Engaging with canonical and contemporary texts, they explore the differences between travel and tourism, the relationship between travel and memory, the genre of travel writing, and the power of mapmaking, Stavans and Ellison call for a rethinking of the art of travel, which they define as a transformative quest that gives us deeper access to ourselves.

    Tourism, Stavans and Ellison argue, is inauthentic, choreographed, sterile, shallow, and rooted in colonialism. They critique theme parks and kitsch tourism, such as the shantytown hotels in South Africa where guests stay in shacks made of corrugated metal and cardboard yet have plenty of food, water and space. Tourists, they assert, are merely content with escapism, thrill seeking, or obsessively snapping photographs. Resisting simple moralizing, the authors also remind us that people don’t divide neatly into crude categories like travelers and tourists. They provoke us to reflect on the opportunities and perils in our own habits.

    In this powerful manifesto, Stavans and Ellison argue that travel should be an art through which our restlessness finds expression—a search for meaning not only in our own lives but also in the lives of others. It is not about the destination; rather, travel is about loss, disorientation, and discovering our place in the universe.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375593
    Publication Date: 2015-03-20
    author-list-text: Ilan Stavans and Joshua Ellison
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ilan Stavans and
    2. Joshua Ellison
    contrib-author: Ilan Stavans; Joshua Ellison
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375593
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358695
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Ilan Stavans and Joshua Ellison's Reclaiming Travel is a provocative meditation on the meaning of travel in the twenty-first century. Eschewing tourism, Stavans and Ellison urge for a rethinking of contemporary travel in order to return it to its roots as a tool for self-discovery and transformation.

    subtitle:
  • Recognition Odysseys
    Author(s): Klopotek, Brian; Lomawaima, K. Tsianina; Mallon, Florencia E.; Ramos, Alcida Rita; Rappaport, Joanne
    Abstract:

    In Recognition Odysseys, Brian Klopotek explores the complicated relationship between federal tribal recognition policy and American Indian racial and tribal identities. He does so by comparing the experiences of three central Louisiana tribes that have petitioned for federal acknowledgment: the Tunica-Biloxi Tribe (recognized in 1981), the Jena Band of Choctaws (recognized in 1995), and the Clifton-Choctaws (currently seeking recognition). Though recognition has acquired a transformational aura, seemingly able to lift tribes from poverty and cultural decay to wealth and revitalization, these three cases reveal a more complex reality.

    Klopotek describes the varied effects of the recognition process on the social and political structures, community cohesion, cultural revitalization projects, identity, and economic health of each tribe. He emphasizes that recognition policy is not the only racial project affecting Louisiana tribes. For the Tunica-Biloxis, the Jena Band of Choctaws, and the Clifton-Choctaws, discourses around blackness and whiteness have shaped the boundaries of Indian identity in ways that have only begun to be explored. Klopotek urges scholars and officials from the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to acknowledge the multiple discourses and viewpoints influencing tribal identities. At the same time, he puts tribal recognition in broader perspective. Indigenous struggles began long before the BIA existed, and they will continue long after it renders any particular recognition decision.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394082
    Publication Date: 2011-03-09
    author-list-text: Brian Klopotek, K. Tsianina Lomawaima, Florencia E. Mallon, Alcida Rita Ramos and Joanne Rappaport
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Brian Klopotek,
    2. K. Tsianina Lomawaima,
    3. Florencia E. Mallon,
    4. Alcida Rita Ramos and
    5. Joanne Rappaport
    contrib-author: Brian Klopotek
    contrib-series-editor: K. Tsianina Lomawaima; Florencia E. Mallon; Alcida Rita Ramos; Joanne Rappaport
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394082
    illustrations-note: 15 photos, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349693
    isbn-paper: 9780822349846
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Narrating native histories
    short-abstract:

    Compares the experiences of three central Louisiana Indian tribes with federal tribal recognition policy to illuminate the complex relationship between recognition policy and American Indian racial and tribal identities.

    subtitle: Indigeneity, Race, and Federal Tribal Recognition Policy in Three Louisiana Indian Communities
  • Reconstituting the American Renaissance
    Author(s): Grossman, Jay; Pease, Donald E.
    Abstract:

    Challenging the standard periodization of American literary history, Reconstituting the American Renaissance reinterprets the works of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman and the relationship of these two authors to each other. Jay Grossman argues that issues of political representation—involving vexed questions of who shall speak and for whom—lie at the heart of American political and literary discourse from the revolutionary era through the Civil War. By taking the mid-nineteenth-century period, traditionally understood as marking the advent of literary writing in the United States, and restoring to it the ways in which Emerson and Whitman engaged with eighteenth-century controversies, rhetorics, and languages about politicalrepresentation, Grossman departs significantly from arguments that have traditionally separated American writing in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

    Reconstituting the American Renaissance describes how Emerson and Whitman came into the period of their greatest productivity with different conceptions of the functions and political efficacy of the word in the world. It challenges Emerson’s position as Whitman’s necessary precursor and offers a cultural history that emphasizes the two writers’ differences in social class, cultural experience, and political perspective. In their writings between 1830 and 1855, the book finds contrasting conceptions of the relations between the “representative man” and the constituencies to whom, and for whom, he speaks. Reconstituting the American Renaissance opens up the canonical relationship between Emerson and Whitman and multiplies the historical and discursive contexts for understanding their published and unpublished works.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384533
    Publication Date: 2003-06-27
    author-list-text: Jay Grossman and Donald E. Pease
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jay Grossman and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Jay Grossman
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384533
    illustrations-note: 4 illus., 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331292
    isbn-paper: 9780822331162
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    short-abstract:

    Offers a revised view of the American Renaissance that shows (a) how the debates about political representatives as they developed around the framing and ratifications of the U.S. Constitution have structured the rhetoric of subsequent generations of writ

    subtitle: Emerson, Whitman, and the Politics of Representation
  • Reconstructing Dixie
    Author(s): McPherson, Tara
    Abstract:

    The South has long played a central role in America’s national imagination—the site of the trauma of slavery and of a vast nostalgia industry, alternatively the nation’s moral other and its moral center. Reconstructing Dixie explores how ideas about the South function within American culture. Narratives of the region often cohere around such tropes as southern hospitality and the southern (white) lady. Tara McPherson argues that these discursive constructions tend to conceal and disavow hard historical truths, particularly regarding race relations and the ways racial inequities underwrite southern femininity. Advocating conceptions of the South less mythologized and more tethered to complex realities, McPherson seeks to bring into view that which is repeatedly obscured—the South’s history of both racial injustice and cross-racial alliance.

    Illuminating crucial connections between understandings of race, gender, and place on the one hand and narrative and images on the other, McPherson reads a number of representations of the South produced from the 1930s to the present. These are drawn from fiction, film, television, southern studies scholarship, popular journalism, music, tourist sites, the internet, and autobiography. She examines modes of affect or ways of "feeling southern" to reveal how these feelings, along with the narratives and images she discusses, sanction particular racial logics. A wide-ranging cultural studies critique, Reconstructing Dixie calls for vibrant new ways of thinking about the South and for a revamped and reinvigorated southern studies.

    Reconstructing Dixie will appeal to scholars in American, southern, and cultural studies, and to those in African American, media, and women’s studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384625
    Publication Date: 2003-03-10
    author-list-text: Tara McPherson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Tara McPherson
    contrib-author: Tara McPherson
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384625
    illustrations-note: 33 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330295
    isbn-paper: 9780822330400
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A cultural studies reading of white southern femininity as seen in a range of popular sites including novels, television, and tourist attractions.

    subtitle: Race, Gender, and Nostalgia in the Imagined South
  • Reconstructing Reconstruction
    Author(s): Brandwein, Pamela
    Abstract:

    Was slavery over when slaves gained formal emancipation? Was it over when the social, economic, and political situation for African Americans no longer mimicked the conditions of slavery? If the Thirteenth Amendment abolished it in 1865, why did most of the disputed points during the Reconstruction debates of 1866–75 concern issues of slavery? In this book Pamela Brandwein examines the post–Civil War struggle between competing political and legal interpretations of slavery and Reconstruction to reveal how accepted historical truth was established.

    Delving into the circumstances, assumptions, and rhetoric that shaped the “official” story of Reconstruction, Brandwein describes precisely how a dominant interpretation of events ultimately emerged and what its implications have been for twentieth-century judicial decisions, particularly for Supreme Court rulings on civil rights. While analyzing interpretive disputes about slavery, Brandwein offers a detailed rescoring of post–Civil War legislative and constitutional history, including analysis of the original understanding of the Fourteenth Amendment. She identifies the perspectives on Reconstruction that were endorsed or rejected by the Supreme Court. Explaining what it meant—theoretically and practically—to resolve Reconstruction debates with a particular definition of slavery, Brandwein recounts how the Northern Democratic definition of “ending” slavery was not the only definition, just the one that prevailed. Using a familiar historical moment to do new interpretive work, she outlines a sociology of constitutional law, showing how subjective narrative construction can solidify into opaque institutional memory.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397793
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Pamela Brandwein
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Pamela Brandwein
    contrib-author: Pamela Brandwein
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822397793
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322849
    isbn-paper: 9780822323167
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Supreme Court and the Production of Historical Truth
  • Recording Culture
    Author(s): Scales, Christopher A.; Scales, Christopher A.
    Abstract:

    Recording is central to the musical lives of contemporary powwow singers yet, until now, their aesthetic practices when recording have been virtually ignored in the study of Native American expressive cultures. Recording Culture is an exploration of the Aboriginal music industry and the powwow social world that supports it. For twelve years, Christopher A. Scales attended powwows—large intertribal gatherings of Native American singer-drummers, dancers, and spectators—across the northern Plains. For part of that time, he worked as a sound engineer for Arbor Records, a large Aboriginal music label based in Winnipeg, Canada. Drawing on his ethnographic research at powwow grounds and in recording studios, Scales examines the ways that powwow drum groups have utilized recording technology in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, the unique aesthetic principles of recorded powwow music, and the relationships between drum groups and the Native music labels and recording studios. Turning to "competition powwows," popular weekend-long singing and dancing contests, Scales analyzes their role in shaping the repertoire and aesthetics of drum groups in and out of the recording studio. He argues that the rise of competition powwows has been critical to the development of the powwow recording industry. Recording Culture includes a CD featuring powwow music composed by Gabriel Desrosiers and performed by the Northern Wind Singers.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395720
    Publication Date: 2012-11-01
    author-list-text: Christopher A. Scales and Christopher A. Scales
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Christopher A. Scales and
    2. Christopher A. Scales
    contrib-author: Christopher A. Scales; Christopher A. Scales
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395720
    illustrations-note: 18 photographs, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353232
    isbn-paper: 9780822353386
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring American music
    short-abstract:

    Drawing on his ethnographic research at powwow grounds and in recording studios, Christopher A. Scales examines the ways that powwow drum groups have utilized recording technology in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, the unique aesthetic principles of recorded powwow music, and the relationships between drum groups and the Native music labels and recording studios.

    subtitle: Powwow Music and the Aboriginal Recording Industry on the Northern Plains
  • Records Ruin the Landscape
    Author(s): Grubbs, David
    Abstract:

    John Cage's disdain for records was legendary. He repeatedly spoke of the ways in which recorded music was antithetical to his work. In Records Ruin the Landscape, David Grubbs argues that, following Cage, new genres in experimental and avant-garde music in the 1960s were particularly ill suited to be represented in the form of a recording. These activities include indeterminate music, long-duration minimalism, text scores, happenings, live electronic music, free jazz, and free improvisation. How could these proudly evanescent performance practices have been adequately represented on an LP?

    In their day, few of these works circulated in recorded form. By contrast, contemporary listeners can encounter this music not only through a flood of LP and CD releases of archival recordings but also in even greater volume through Internet file sharing and online resources. Present-day listeners are coming to know that era's experimental music through the recorded artifacts of composers and musicians who largely disavowed recordings. In Records Ruin the Landscape, Grubbs surveys a musical landscape marked by altered listening practices.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377108
    Publication Date: 2014-03-03
    author-list-text: David Grubbs
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. David Grubbs
    contrib-author: David Grubbs
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822377108
    illustrations-note: 19 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355762
    isbn-paper: 9780822355908
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    John Cage's disdain for records was legendary. It was shared by other experimental and avant-garde musicians in the 1960s. Scholar and longtime musician David Grubbs explores the present-day musical landscape, as listeners encounter experimental music through the recorded artifacts of composers and musicians who largely disavowed recordings.

    subtitle: John Cage, the Sixties, and Sound Recording
  • Recycled Stars
    Author(s): Desjardins, Mary R.
    Abstract:

    The popularity of television in postwar suburban America had a devastating effect on the traditional Hollywood studio system. Yet many aging Hollywood stars used television to revive their fading careers. In Recycled Stars, Mary R. Desjardins examines the recirculation, ownership, and control of female film stars and their images in television, print, and new media. Female stardom, she argues, is central to understanding both the anxieties and the pleasures that these figures evoke in their audiences’ psyches through patterns of fame, decline, and return. From Gloria Swanson, Loretta Young, Ida Lupino, and Lucille Ball, who found new careers in early television, to Maureen O’Hara’s high-profile 1957 lawsuit against the scandal magazine Confidential, to the reappropriation of iconic star images by experimental filmmakers, video artists, and fans, this book explores the contours of female stars’ resilience as they struggled to create new contexts for their waning images across emerging media.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376033
    Publication Date: 2015-02-09
    author-list-text: Mary R. Desjardins
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Mary R. Desjardins
    contrib-author: Mary R. Desjardins
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822376033
    illustrations-note: 48 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357896
    isbn-paper: 9780822358022
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Console-ing Passions
    subtitle: Female Film Stardom in the Age of Television and Video
  • Red Hangover
    Author(s): Ghodsee, Kristen
    Abstract:

    In Red Hangover Kristen Ghodsee examines the legacies of twentieth-century communism twenty-five years after the Berlin Wall fell. Ghodsee's essays and short stories reflect on the lived experience of postsocialism and how many ordinary men and women across Eastern Europe suffered from the massive social and economic upheavals in their lives after 1989. Ghodsee shows how recent major crises—from the Russian annexation of Crimea and the Syrian Civil War to the rise of Islamic State and the influx of migrants in Europe—are linked to mistakes made after the collapse of the Eastern Bloc when fantasies about the triumph of free markets and liberal democracy blinded Western leaders to the human costs of "regime change." Just as the communist ideal has become permanently tainted by its association with the worst excesses of twentieth-century Eastern European regimes, today the democratic ideal is increasingly sullied by its links to the ravages of neoliberalism. An accessible introduction to the history of European state socialism and postcommunism, Red Hangover reveals how the events of 1989 continue to shape the world today.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372417
    Publication Date: 2017-10-06
    author-list-text: Kristen Ghodsee
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kristen Ghodsee
    contrib-author: Kristen Ghodsee
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372417
    illustrations-note: 55 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822369349
    isbn-paper: 9780822369493
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Kristen Ghodsee examines the legacies of twentieth-century communism on the contemporary political landscape twenty-five years after the Berlin Wall fell, reflecting on the lived experience of postsocialism and how many ordinary men and women across Eastern Europe suffered from the massive social and economic upheavals in their lives after 1989.

    subtitle: Legacies of Twentieth-Century Communism
  • Red Land, Red Power
    Author(s): Teuton, Sean Kicummah; Pease, Donald E.
    Abstract:

    In lucid narrative prose, Sean Kicummah Teuton studies the stirring literature of “Red Power,” an era of Native American organizing that began in 1969 and expanded into the 1970s. Teuton challenges the claim that Red Power thinking relied on romantic longings for a pure Indigenous past and culture. He shows instead that the movement engaged historical memory and oral tradition to produce more enabling knowledge of American Indian lives and possibilities. Looking to the era’s moments and literature, he develops an alternative, “tribal realist” critical perspective to allow for more nuanced analyses of Native writing. In this approach, “knowledge” is not the unattainable product of disinterested observation. Rather it is the achievement of communally mediated, self-reflexive work openly engaged with the world, and as such it is revisable. For this tribal realist position, Teuton enlarges the concepts of Indigenous identity and tribal experience as intertwined sources of insight into a shared world.

    While engaging a wide spectrum of Native American writing, Teuton focuses on three of the most canonized and, he contends, most misread novels of the era—N. Scott Momaday’s House Made of Dawn (1968), James Welch’s Winter in the Blood (1974), and Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony (1977). Through his readings, he demonstrates the utility of tribal realism as an interpretive framework to explain social transformations in Indian Country during the Red Power era and today. Such transformations, Teuton maintains, were forged through a process of political awakening that grew from Indians’ rethought experience with tribal lands and oral traditions, the body and imprisonment, in literature and in life.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389040
    Publication Date: 2008-05-13
    author-list-text: Sean Kicummah Teuton and Donald E. Pease
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sean Kicummah Teuton and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Sean Kicummah Teuton
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389040
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342236
    isbn-paper: 9780822342410
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    short-abstract:

    A new interpretation of the literature of the Red Power movement that reconceives the role of identity in the political empowerment of Native Americans.

    subtitle: Grounding Knowledge in the American Indian Novel
  • Red Nails, Black Skates
    Author(s): Rand, Erica
    Abstract:

    In her forties, Erica Rand bought a pair of figure skates to vary her workout routine. Within a few years, the college professor was immersed in adult figure skating. Here, in short, incisive essays, she describes the pleasures to be found in the rink, as well as the exclusionary practices that make those pleasures less accessible to some than to others. Throughout the book, Rand situates herself as a queer femme, describing her mixed feelings about participating in a sport with heterosexual story lines and rigid standards for gender-appropriate costumes and moves. She chronicles her experiences competing in the Gay Games and at the annual U.S. Adult National Figure Skating Championship, or "Adult Nationals"; Aided by her comparative study of roller derby and women's hockey, including a brief attempt to play hockey herself, she addresses matters such as skate color conventions, judging systems, racial and sexual norms, transgender issues in sports, and the economics of athletic participation and risk taking. Mixing sharp critique with genuine appreciation and delight, Rand suggests ways to make figure skating more inclusive, while portraying the unlikely friendships facilitated by sports and the sheer elation of gliding on ice.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395171
    Publication Date: 2012-04-13
    author-list-text: Erica Rand
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Erica Rand
    contrib-author: Erica Rand
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395171
    illustrations-note: 14 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351979
    isbn-paper: 9780822352082
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Rand took up figure skating at age 43. As she became increasingly immersed in the world of adult competition (participating in the Gay Games and the Adult Nationals), she found herself focusing her research on the world of skating. These essays reflect on the sexualization of female skaters, the hairdos and costumes, and racial bias in movement genres and athletic standards.

    subtitle: Gender, Cash, and Pleasure on and off the Ice
  • Red Tape
    Author(s): Gupta, Akhil
    Abstract:

    Red Tape presents a major new theory of the state developed by the renowned anthropologist Akhil Gupta. Seeking to understand the chronic and widespread poverty in India, the world's fourth largest economy, Gupta conceives of the relation between the state in India and the poor as one of structural violence. Every year this violence kills between two and three million people, especially women and girls, and lower-caste and indigenous peoples. Yet India's poor are not disenfranchised; they actively participate in the democratic project. Nor is the state indifferent to the plight of the poor; it sponsors many poverty amelioration programs.

    Gupta conducted ethnographic research among officials charged with coordinating development programs in rural Uttar Pradesh. Drawing on that research, he offers insightful analyses of corruption; the significance of writing and written records; and governmentality, or the expansion of bureaucracies. Those analyses underlie his argument that care is arbitrary in its consequences, and that arbitrariness is systematically produced by the very mechanisms that are meant to ameliorate social suffering. What must be explained is not only why government programs aimed at providing nutrition, employment, housing, healthcare, and education to poor people do not succeed in their objectives, but also why, when they do succeed, they do so unevenly and erratically.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394709
    Publication Date: 2012-07-02
    author-list-text: Akhil Gupta
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Akhil Gupta
    contrib-author: Akhil Gupta
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394709
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350989
    isbn-paper: 9780822351108
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: A John Hope Franklin Center book
    short-abstract:

    Examining the chronic, widespread poverty in India, the world's fourth largest economy, Akhil Gupta theorizes the relation between the state in India and the poor as one of structural violence.

    subtitle: Bureaucracy, Structural Violence, and Poverty in India
  • Redress for Historical Injustices in the United States
    Author(s): Martin, Michael T.; Yaquinto, Marilyn; Lyons, David; Brown, Michael K.
    Abstract:

    An exceptional resource, this comprehensive reader brings together primary and secondary documents related to efforts to redress historical wrongs against African Americans. These varied efforts are often grouped together under the rubric “reparations movement,” and they are united in their goal of “repairing” the injustices that have followed from the long history of slavery and Jim Crow. Yet, as this collection reveals, there is a broad range of opinions as to the form that repair might take. Some advocates of redress call for apologies; others for official acknowledgment of wrongdoing; and still others for more tangible reparations: monetary compensation, government investment in disenfranchised communities, the restitution of lost property and rights, and repatriation.

    Written by activists and scholars of law, political science, African American studies, philosophy, economics, and history, the twenty-six essays include both previously published articles and pieces written specifically for this volume. Essays theorize the historical and legal bases of claims for redress; examine the history, strengths, and limitations of the reparations movement; and explore its relation to human rights and social justice movements in the United States and abroad. Other essays evaluate the movement’s primary strategies: legislation, litigation, and mobilization. While all of the contributors support the campaign for redress in one way or another, some of them engage with arguments against reparations.

    Among the fifty-three primary documents included in the volume are federal, state, and municipal acts and resolutions; declarations and statements from organizations including the Black Panther Party and the NAACP; legal briefs and opinions; and findings and directives related to the provision of redress, from the Oklahoma Commission to Study the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 to the mandate for the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Redress for Historical Injustices in the United States is a thorough assessment of the past, present, and future of the modern reparations movement.

    Contributors. Richard F. America, Sam Anderson, Martha Biondi, Boris L. Bittker, James Bolner, Roy L. Brooks, Michael K. Brown, Robert S. Browne, Martin Carnoy, Chiquita Collins, J. Angelo Corlett, Elliott Currie, William A. Darity, Jr., Adrienne Davis, Michael C. Dawson, Troy Duster, Dania Frank, Robert Fullinwider, Charles P. Henry, Gerald C. Horne, Robert Johnson, Jr., Robin D. G. Kelley, Jeffrey R. Kerr-Ritchie, Theodore Kornweibel, Jr., David Lyons, Michael T. Martin, Douglas S. Massey , Muntu Matsimela , C. J. Munford, Yusuf Nuruddin, Charles J. Ogletree Jr., Melvin L. Oliver, David B. Oppenheimer, Rovana Popoff, Thomas M. Shapiro, Marjorie M. Shultz, Alan Singer, David Wellman, David R. Williams, Eric K. Yamamoto, Marilyn Yaquinto

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389811
    Publication Date: 2007-06-25
    author-list-text: David Lyons and Michael K. Brown
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. David Lyons and
    2. Michael K. Brown
    contrib-editor: Michael T. Martin; Marilyn Yaquinto
    contrib-other: David Lyons; Michael K. Brown
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389811
    illustrations-note: 6 tables, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340058
    isbn-paper: 9780822340249
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of seminal essays that examines the arguments in favor of the redress movement in the United States.

    subtitle: On Reparations for Slavery, Jim Crow, and Their Legacies
  • Reel World
    Author(s): Pandian, Anand; Murch, Walter
    Abstract:

    Reel World explores what happens to life when everything begins to look and feel like cinema. Drawing on years of fieldwork with Tamil filmmakers, artists, musicians, and craftsmen in the south Indian movie studios of "Kollywood," Anand Pandian examines how ordinary moments become elements of a cinematic world. With inventive, experimental, and sometimes comical zeal, Pandian pursues the sensory richness of cinematic experience and the adventure of a writing true to these sensations. Thinking with the visceral power of sound and image, his stories also broach deeply philosophical themes such as desire, time, wonder, and imagination. In a spirit devoted to the turbulence and uncertainty of genesis, Reel World brings into focus an ecology of creative process: the many forces, feelings, beings, and things that infuse human endeavors with transformative potential.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375166
    Publication Date: 2015-11-02
    author-list-text: Anand Pandian and Walter Murch
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Anand Pandian and
    2. Walter Murch
    contrib-author: Anand Pandian
    contrib-other: Walter Murch
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375166
    illustrations-note: 51 illustrations, incl. 1 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359579
    isbn-paper: 9780822360001
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    With an adventurous writing style, Anand Pandian explores the transformative potential of cinema, following Tamil films from the spark of artistic impulse through their production, marketing, and reception to show how cinema recasts the ordinary experience of everyday life.

    subtitle: An Anthropology of Creation
  • Refiguring Spain
    Author(s): Kinder, Marsha
    Abstract:

    In Refiguring Spain, Marsha Kinderhas gathered a collection of new essays that explore the central role played by film, television, newspapers, and art museums in redefining Spain’s national/cultural identity and its position in the world economy during the post-Franco era. By emphasizing issues of historical recuperation, gender and sexuality, and the marketing of Spain’s peaceful political transformation, the contributors demonstrate that Spanish cinema and other forms of Spanish media culture created new national stereotypes and strengthened the nation’s place in the global market and on the global stage.

    These essays consider a diverse array of texts, ranging from recent films by Almodóvar, Saura, Erice, Miró, Bigas Luna, Gutiérrez Aragón, and Eloy de la Iglesia to media coverage of the 1993 elections. Francoist cinema and other popular media are examined in light of strategies used to redefine Spain’s cultural identity. The importance of the documentary, the appropriation of Hollywood film, and the significance of gender and sexuality in Spanish cinema are also discussed, as is the discourse of the Spanish media star—whether involving film celebrities like Rita Hayworth and Antonio Banderas or historical figures such as Cervantes. The volume concludes with an investigation of larger issues of government policy in relation to film and media, including a discussion of the financing of Spanish cinema and an exploration of the political dynamics of regional television and art museums. Drawing on a wide range of critical discourses, including feminist, postcolonial, and queer theory, political economy, cultural history, and museum studies, Refiguring Spain is the first comprehensive anthology on Spanish cinema in the English language.

    Contributors. Peter Besas, Marvin D’Lugo, Selma Reuben Holo, Dona M. Kercher, Marsha Kinder, Jaume Martí-Olivella, Richard Maxwell, Hilary L. Neroni, Paul Julian Smith, Roland B. Tolentino, Stephen Tropiano, Kathleen M. Vernon, Iñaki Zabaleta

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397809
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Marsha Kinder
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822397809
    illustrations-note: 58 b&w photographs, 11 tables, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319320
    isbn-paper: 9780822319382
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Cinema/Media/Representation
  • Refracted Visions
    Author(s): Strassler, Karen; Thomas, Nicholas
    Abstract:

    A young couple poses before a painted backdrop depicting a modern building set in a volcanic landscape; a college student grabs his camera as he heads to a political demonstration; a man poses stiffly for his identity photograph; amateur photographers look for picturesque images in a rural village; an old woman leafs through a family album. In Refracted Visions, Karen Strassler argues that popular photographic practices such as these have played a crucial role in the making of modern national subjects in postcolonial Java. Contending that photographic genres cultivate distinctive ways of seeing and positioning oneself and others within the affective, ideological, and temporal location of Indonesia, she examines genres ranging from state identification photos to pictures documenting family rituals.

    Oriented to projects of selfhood, memory, and social affiliation, popular photographs recast national iconographies in an intimate register. They convey the longings of Indonesian national modernity: nostalgia for rural idylls and “tradition,” desires for the trappings of modernity and affluence, dreams of historical agency, and hopes for political authenticity. Yet photography also brings people into contact with ideas and images that transcend and at times undermine a strictly national frame. Photography’s primary practitioners in the postcolonial era have been Chinese Indonesians. Acting as cultural brokers who translate global and colonial imageries into national idioms, these members of a transnational minority have helped shape the visual contours of Indonesian belonging even as their own place within the nation remains tenuous. Refracted Visions illuminates the ways that everyday photographic practices generate visual habits that in turn give rise to political subjects and communities.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391548
    Publication Date: 2010-03-30
    author-list-text: Karen Strassler and Nicholas Thomas
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Karen Strassler and
    2. Nicholas Thomas
    contrib-author: Karen Strassler
    contrib-series-editor: Nicholas Thomas
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391548
    illustrations-note: 127 photographs, incl. 32 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345930
    isbn-paper: 9780822346111
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories
    short-abstract:

    A generously illustrated ethnography arguing that popular photographic practices have played a crucial role in the making of modern national subjects in postcolonial Java.

    subtitle: Popular Photography and National Modernity in Java

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