Browse by Title : P

  • Painting Culture
    Author(s): Myers, Fred R.; Thomas, Nicholas

    Painting Culture tells the complex story of how, over the past three decades, the acrylic "dot" paintings of central Australia were transformed into objects of international high art, eagerly sought by upscale galleries and collectors. Since the early 1970s, Fred R. Myers has studied—often as a participant-observer—the Pintupi, one of several Aboriginal groups who paint the famous acrylic works. Describing their paintings and the complicated cultural issues they raise, Myers looks at how the paintings represent Aboriginal people and their culture and how their heritage is translated into exchangeable values. He tracks the way these paintings become high art as they move outward from indigenous communities through and among other social institutions—the world of dealers, museums, and critics. At the same time, he shows how this change in the status of the acrylic paintings is directly related to the initiative of the painters themselves and their hopes for greater levels of recognition.

    Painting Culture describes in detail the actual practice of painting, insisting that such a focus is necessary to engage directly with the role of the art in the lives of contemporary Aboriginals. The book includes a unique local art history, a study of the complete corpus of two painters over a two-year period. It also explores the awkward local issues around the valuation and sale of the acrylic paintings, traces the shifting approaches of the Australian government and key organizations such as the Aboriginal Arts Board to the promotion of the work, and describes the early and subsequent phases of the works’ inclusion in major Australian and international exhibitions. Myers provides an account of some of the events related to these exhibits, most notably the Asia Society’s 1988 "Dreamings" show in New York, which was so pivotal in bringing the work to North American notice. He also traces the approaches and concerns of dealers, ranging from semi-tourist outlets in Alice Springs to more prestigious venues in Sydney and Melbourne.

    With its innovative approach to the transnational circulation of culture, this book will appeal to art historians, as well as those in cultural anthropology, cultural studies, museum studies, and performance studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384168
    Publication Date: 2002-11-25
    author-list-text: Fred R. Myers and Nicholas Thomas
    1. Fred R. Myers and
    2. Nicholas Thomas
    contrib-author: Fred R. Myers
    contrib-series-editor: Nicholas Thomas
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822384168
    illustrations-note: 8 color photos, 46 b&w photos, 78 line drawings
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329329
    isbn-paper: 9780822329497
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories

    The history of the Australian Aboriginal painting movement from its local origins to its career in the international art market.

    subtitle: The Making of an Aboriginal High Art
  • Painting the City Red
    Author(s): Braester, Yomi; Chow, Rey; Harootunian, Harry; Miyoshi, Masao

    Painting the City Red illuminates the dynamic relationship between the visual media, particularly film and theater, and the planning and development of cities in China and Taiwan, from the emergence of the People’s Republic in 1949 to the staging of the Beijing Olympics in 2008. Yomi Braester argues that the transformation of Chinese cities in recent decades is a result not only of China’s abandonment of Maoist economic planning in favor of capitalist globalization but also of a shift in visual practices. Rather than simply reflect urban culture, movies and stage dramas have facilitated the development of new perceptions of space and time, representing the future city variously as an ideal socialist city, a metropolis integrated into the global economy, and a site for preserving cultural heritage.

    Drawing on extensive archival research, interviews with leading filmmakers and urban planners, and close readings of scripts and images, Braester describes how films and stage plays have promoted and opposed official urban plans and policies as they have addressed issues such as demolition-and-relocation plans, the preservation of vernacular architecture, and the global real estate market. He shows how the cinematic rewriting of historical narratives has accompanied the spatial reorganization of specific urban sites, including Nanjing Road in Shanghai; veterans’ villages in Taipei; and Tiananmen Square, centuries-old courtyards, and postmodern architectural landmarks in Beijing. In Painting the City Red, Braester reveals the role that film and theater have played in mediating state power, cultural norms, and the struggle for civil society in Chinese cities.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392750
    Publication Date: 2010-03-17
    author-list-text: Yomi Braester, Rey Chow, Harry Harootunian and Masao Miyoshi
    1. Yomi Braester,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Harry Harootunian and
    4. Masao Miyoshi
    contrib-author: Yomi Braester
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Harry Harootunian; Masao Miyoshi
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392750
    illustrations-note: 48 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347064
    isbn-paper: 9780822347231
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society

    An examination of the role of cinema and theater in representing urban transformations in China from 1949 to the present.

    subtitle: Chinese Cinema and the Urban Contract
  • Palestine, Israel, and the Politics of Popular Culture
    Author(s): Swedenburg, Ted; Stein, Rebecca L.; Tamari, Salim; LeVine, Mark

    This important volume rethinks the conventional parameters of Middle East studies through attention to popular cultural forms, producers, and communities of consumers. The volume has a broad historical scope, ranging from the late Ottoman period to the second Palestinian uprising, with a focus on cultural forms and processes in Israel, Palestine, and the refugee camps of the Arab Middle East. The contributors consider how Palestinian and Israeli popular culture influences and is influenced by political, economic, social, and historical processes in the region. At the same time, they follow the circulation of Palestinian and Israeli cultural commodities and imaginations across borders and checkpoints and within the global marketplace.

    The volume is interdisciplinary, including the work of anthropologists, historians, sociologists, political scientists, ethnomusicologists, and Americanist and literary studies scholars. Contributors examine popular music of the Palestinian resistance, ethno-racial “passing” in Israeli cinema, Arab-Jewish rock, Euro-Israeli tourism to the Arab Middle East, Internet communities in the Palestinian diaspora, café culture in early-twentieth-century Jerusalem, and more. Together, they suggest new ways of conceptualizing Palestinian and Israeli political culture.

    Contributors. Livia Alexander, Carol Bardenstein, Elliott Colla, Amy Horowitz, Laleh Khalili, Mary Layoun, Mark LeVine, Joseph Massad, Melani McAlister, Ilan Pappé, Rebecca L. Stein, Ted Swedenburg, Salim Tamari

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386872
    Publication Date: 2005-06-22
    author-list-text: Salim Tamari and Mark LeVine
    1. Salim Tamari and
    2. Mark LeVine
    contrib-editor: Ted Swedenburg; Rebecca L. Stein
    contrib-other: Salim Tamari; Mark LeVine
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386872
    illustrations-note: 19 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335047
    isbn-paper: 9780822335160
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    An examination of how popular culture is received and produced within the Middle East.

  • Panic Diaries
    Author(s): Orr, Jackie

    Part cultural history, part sociological critique, and part literary performance, Panic Diaries explores the technological and social construction of individual and collective panic. Jackie Orr looks at instances of panic and its “cures” in the twentieth-century United States: from the mass hysteria following the 1938 radio broadcast of H. G. Wells’s War of the Worlds to an individual woman swallowing a pill to control the “panic disorder” officially recognized by the American Psychiatric Association in 1980. Against a backdrop of Cold War anxieties over atomic attack, Orr highlights the entanglements of knowledge and power in efforts to reconceive panic and its prevention as problems in communication and information feedback. Throughout, she reveals the shifting techniques of power and social engineering underlying the ways that scientific and social scientific discourses—including crowd psychology, Cold War cybernetics, and contemporary psychiatry—have rendered panic an object of technoscientific management.

    Orr, who has experienced panic attacks herself, kept a diary of her participation as a research subject in clinical trials for the Upjohn Company’s anti-anxiety drug Xanax. This “panic diary” grounds her study and suggests the complexity of her desire to track the diffusion and regulation of panic in U.S. society. Orr’s historical research, theoretical reflections, and biographical narrative combine in this remarkable and compelling genealogy, which documents the manipulation of panic by the media, the social sciences and psychiatry, the U.S. military and government, and transnational drug companies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387367
    Publication Date: 2006-02-08
    author-list-text: Jackie Orr
    1. Jackie Orr
    contrib-author: Jackie Orr
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387367
    illustrations-note: 14 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336105
    isbn-paper: 9780822336235
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A cultural history and sociological critique of 20th century panic, from the Cold War to contemporary psychiatry.

    subtitle: A Genealogy of Panic Disorder
  • Paper Cadavers
    Author(s): Weld, Kirsten

    In Paper Cadavers, an inside account of the astonishing discovery and rescue of Guatemala's secret police archives, Kirsten Weld probes the politics of memory, the wages of the Cold War, and the stakes of historical knowledge production. After Guatemala's bloody thirty-six years of civil war (1960–1996), silence and impunity reigned. That is, until 2005, when human rights investigators stumbled on the archives of the country's National Police, which, at 75 million pages, proved to be the largest trove of secret state records ever found in Latin America.

    The unearthing of the archives renewed fierce debates about history, memory, and justice. In Paper Cadavers, Weld explores Guatemala's struggles to manage this avalanche of evidence of past war crimes, providing a firsthand look at how postwar justice activists worked to reconfigure terror archives into implements of social change. Tracing the history of the police files as they were transformed from weapons of counterinsurgency into tools for post-conflict reckoning, Weld sheds light on the country's fraught transition from war to an uneasy peace, reflecting on how societies forget and remember political violence.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376583
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    author-list-text: Kirsten Weld
    1. Kirsten Weld
    contrib-author: Kirsten Weld
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376583
    illustrations-note: 27 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355977
    isbn-paper: 9780822356028
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions

    In 2005, human rights investigators stumbled on the archives of Guatemala's National Police. In Paper Cadavers, Kirsten Weld tells the story of the astonishing discovery and rescue of 75 million pages of evidence of state-sponsored crimes, and analyzes the repercussions for both the people and the state of Guatemala.

    subtitle: The Archives of Dictatorship in Guatemala
  • Paper Families
    Author(s): Lau, Estelle T.; Adams, Julia; Steinmetz, George

    The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 made the Chinese the first immigrant group officially excluded from the United States. In Paper Families, Estelle T. Lau demonstrates how exclusion affected Chinese American communities and initiated the development of restrictive U.S. immigration policies and practices. Through the enforcement of the Exclusion Act and subsequent legislation, the U.S. immigration service developed new forms of record keeping and identification practices. Meanwhile, Chinese Americans took advantage of the system’s loophole: children of U.S. citizens were granted automatic eligibility for immigration. The result was an elaborate system of “paper families,” in which U.S. citizens of Chinese descent claimed fictive, or “paper,” children who could then use their kinship status as a basis for entry into the United States. This subterfuge necessitated the creation of “crib sheets” outlining genealogies and providing village maps and other information that could be used during immigration processing.

    Drawing on these documents as well as immigration case files, legislative materials, and transcripts of interviews and court proceedings, Lau reveals immigration as an interactive process. Chinese immigrants and their U.S. families were subject to regulation and surveillance, but they also manipulated and thwarted those regulations, forcing the U.S. government to adapt its practices and policies. Lau points out that the Exclusion Acts and the pseudo-familial structures that emerged in response have had lasting effects on Chinese American identity. She concludes with a look at exclusion’s legacy, including the Confession Program of the 1960s that coerced people into divulging the names of paper family members and efforts made by Chinese American communities to recover their lost family histories.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388319
    Publication Date: 2007-03-14
    author-list-text: Estelle T. Lau, Julia Adams and George Steinmetz
    1. Estelle T. Lau,
    2. Julia Adams and
    3. George Steinmetz
    contrib-author: Estelle T. Lau
    contrib-series-editor: Julia Adams; George Steinmetz
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388319
    illustrations-note: 6 illustrations, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337355
    isbn-paper: 9780822337478
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Politics, History, and Culture

    A look at how the Chinese Exclusion Act and later legislation affected Chinese American communities, who created fictitious "paper families" to subvert immigration policies.

    subtitle: Identity, Immigration Administration, and Chinese Exclusion
  • Paper Knowledge
    Author(s): Gitelman, Lisa

    Paper Knowledge is a remarkable book about the mundane: the library card, the promissory note, the movie ticket, the PDF (Portable Document Format). It is a media history of the document. Drawing examples from the 1870s, the 1930s, the 1960s, and today, Lisa Gitelman thinks across the media that the document form has come to inhabit over the last 150 years, including letterpress printing, typing and carbon paper, mimeograph, microfilm, offset printing, photocopying, and scanning. Whether examining late nineteenth century commercial, or "job" printing, or the Xerox machine and the role of reproduction in our understanding of the document, Gitelman reveals a keen eye for vernacular uses of technology. She tells nuanced, anecdote-filled stories of the waning of old technologies and the emergence of new. Along the way, she discusses documentary matters such as the relation between twentieth-century technological innovation and the management of paper, and the interdependence of computer programming and documentation. Paper Knowledge is destined to set a new agenda for media studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376767
    Publication Date: 2014-03-05
    author-list-text: Lisa Gitelman
    1. Lisa Gitelman
    contrib-author: Lisa Gitelman
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376767
    illustrations-note: 11 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356455
    isbn-paper: 9780822356578
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Sign, storage, transmission

    Paper Knowledge is a remarkable book about the mundane: the library card, the promissory note, the movie ticket, the PDF (Portable Document Format). It is a media history of the document.

    subtitle: Toward a Media History of Documents
  • Paper Tangos
    Author(s): Taylor, Julie

    Tango. A multidimensional expression of Argentine identity, one that speaks to that nation’s sense of disorientation, loss, and terror. Yet the tango mesmerizes dancers and audiences alike throughout the world. In Paper Tangos, Julie Taylor—a classically trained dancer and anthropologist—examines the poetics of the tango while describing her own quest to dance this most dramatic of paired dances.

    Taylor, born in the United States, has lived much of her adult life in Latin America. She has spent years studying the tango in Buenos Aires, dancing during and after the terror of military dictatorships. This book is at once an account of a life lived crossing the borders of two distinct and complex cultures and an exploration of the conflicting meanings of tango for women who love the poetry of its movement yet feel uneasy with the roles it bestows on the male and female dancers. Drawing parallels among the violences of the Argentine Junta, the play with power inherent in tango dancing, and her own experiences with violence both inside and outside the intriguing tango culture, Taylor weaves the line between engaging memoir and insightful cultural critique. Within the contexts of tango’s creative birth and contemporary presentations, this book welcomes us directly into the tango subculture and reveals the ways that personal, political, and historical violence operate in our lives.

    The book’s experimental design includes photographs on every page, which form a flip-book sequence of a tango. Not simply a book for tango dancers and fans, Paper Tangos will reward students of Latin American studies, cultural studies, anthropology, feminist studies, dance studies, and the art of critical memoir.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378983
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Julie Taylor
    1. Julie Taylor
    contrib-author: Julie Taylor
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822378983
    illustrations-note: 89 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321750
    isbn-paper: 9780822321910
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Public planet books
  • Para-States and Medical Science
    Author(s): Geissler, Paul Wenzel

    In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure.  Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional.

    Contributors. Uli Beisel, Didier Fassin, P. Wenzel Geissler, Rene Gerrets, Ann Kelly, Guillaume Lachenal, John Manton, Lotte Meinert, Vinh-Kim Nguyen, Branwyn Poleykett, Susan Reynolds Whyte


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376279
    Publication Date: 2015-01-19
    contrib-editor: Paul Wenzel Geissler
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822376279
    illustrations-note: 14 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357353
    isbn-paper: 9780822357490
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
    subtitle: Making African Global Health
  • Parables for the Virtual
    Author(s): Massumi, Brian; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric

    Although the body has been the focus of much contemporary cultural theory, the models that are typically applied neglect the most salient characteristics of embodied existence—movement, affect, and sensation—in favor of concepts derived from linguistic theory. In Parables for the Virtual Brian Massumi views the body and media such as television, film, and the Internet, as cultural formations that operate on multiple registers of sensation beyond the reach of the reading techniques founded on the standard rhetorical and semiotic models.

    Renewing and assessing William James’s radical empiricism and Henri

    Bergson’s philosophy of perception through the filter of the post-war French philosophy of Deleuze, Guattari, and Foucault, Massumi links a cultural logic of variation to questions of movement, affect, and sensation. If such concepts are as fundamental as signs and significations, he argues, then a new set of theoretical issues appear, and with them potential new paths for the wedding of scientific and cultural theory. Replacing the traditional opposition of literal and figural with new distinctions between stasis and motion and between actual and virtual, Parables for the Virtual tackles related theoretical issues by applying them to cultural mediums as diverse as architecture, body art, the digital art of Stelarc, and Ronald Reagan’s acting career. The result is an intriguing combination of cultural theory, science, and philosophy that asserts itself in a crystalline and multi-faceted argument.

    Parables for the Virtual will interest students and scholars of continental and Anglo-American philosophy, cultural studies, cognitive science, electronic art, digital culture, and chaos theory, as well as those concerned with the “science wars” and the relation between the humanities and the sciences in general.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383574
    Publication Date: 2002-03-19
    author-list-text: Brian Massumi, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    1. Brian Massumi,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Brian Massumi
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383574
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328827
    isbn-paper: 9780822328971
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions

    A major theoretical rethinking of intellectual models of embodiment, movement, and sensation.

    subtitle: Movement, Affect, Sensation
  • Parallax Visions
    Author(s): Cumings, Bruce

    In a work that synthesizes crucial developments in international relations at the close of the twentieth century, Bruce Cumings—a leading historian of contemporary East Asia—provides a nuanced understanding of how the United States has loomed over the modern history and culture of East Asia. By offering correctives to widely held yet largely inaccurate assessments of the affairs of this region, Parallax Visions shows how relations between the United States, Japan, Vietnam, North and South Korea, China, and Taiwan have been structured by their perceptions and misperceptions of each other.

    Using information based on thirty years of research, Cumings offers a new perspective on a wide range of issues that originated with the cold war—with particular focus on the possibly inappropriate collaboration between universities, foundations, and intelligence agencies. Seeking to explode the presuppositions that Americans usually bring to the understanding of our relations with East Asia, the study ranges over much of the history of the twentieth century in East Asian–American relations—Pearl Harbor, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Korean War, and more recent difficulties in U.S. relations with China and Japan. Cumings also rebuts U.S. media coverage of North Korea’s nuclear diplomacy in the 1990s and examines how experiences of colonialism and postcolonialism have had varying effects on economic development in each of these countries. Positing that the central defining experience of twentieth-century East Asia has been its entanglement first with British and Japanese imperialism, and then with the United States, Cumings ends with a discussion of how the situation could change over the next century as the economic and political global clout of the United States declines.

    Illuminating the sometimes self-deluded ideology of cold war America, Parallax Visions will engage historians, political scientists, and students and scholars of comparative politics and social theory, as well as readers interested in questions of modernity and the role of the United States in shaping the destinies of modernizing societies in Asia.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397465
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Bruce Cumings
    1. Bruce Cumings
    contrib-author: Bruce Cumings
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822397465
    illustrations-note: David Whitehouse, International Socialist Review
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329244
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society

    Collection of essays by Cumings on the complex problems of political economy and ideology, power and culture in East and Northeast Asia, providing an understanding of the United States's role in these regions and the consequences for subsequent policy mak

    subtitle: Making Sense of American–East Asian Relations at the End of the Century
  • Partisan Canons
    Author(s): Brzyski, Anna; Jensen, Robert; Elkins, James; Cutting, James; Duro, Paul

    Whether it is being studied or critiqued, the art canon is usually understood as an authoritative list of important works and artists. This collection breaks with the idea of a singular, transcendent canon. Through provocative case studies, it demonstrates that the content of any canon is both historically and culturally specific and dependent on who is responsible for the canon’s production and maintenance. The contributors explore how, where, why, and by whom canons are formed; how they function under particular circumstances; how they are maintained; and why they may undergo change.

    Focusing on various moments from the seventeenth century to the present, the contributors cover a broad geographic terrain, encompassing the United States, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Taiwan, and South Africa. Among the essays are examinations of the working and reworking of a canon by an influential nineteenth-century French critic, the limitations placed on what was acceptable as canonical in American textbooks produced during the Cold War, the failed attempt to define a canon of Rembrandt’s works, and the difficulties of constructing an artistic canon in parts of the globe marked by colonialism and the imposition of Eurocentric ideas of artistic value. The essays highlight the diverse factors that affect the production of art canons: market forces, aesthetic and political positions, nationalism and ingrained ideas concerning the cultural superiority of particular groups, perceptions of gender and race, artists’ efforts to negotiate their status within particular professional environments, and the dynamics of art history as an academic discipline and discourse. This volume is a call to historicize canons, acknowledging both their partisanship and its implications for the writing of art history.

    Contributors. Jenny Anger, Marcia Brennan, Anna Brzyski, James Cutting, Paul Duro, James Elkins, Barbara Jaffee, Robert Jensen, Jane C. Ju, Monica Kjellman-Chapin, Julie L. McGee, Terry Smith, Linda Stone-Ferrier, Despina Stratigakos

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390374
    Publication Date: 2007-09-17
    author-list-text: Robert Jensen, James Elkins, James Cutting and Paul Duro
    1. Robert Jensen,
    2. James Elkins,
    3. James Cutting and
    4. Paul Duro
    contrib-editor: Anna Brzyski
    contrib-other: Robert Jensen; James Elkins; James Cutting; Paul Duro
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390374
    illustrations-note: 38 illustrations, 8 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340850
    isbn-paper: 9780822341062
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Case studies that counter the idea of a transcendent art canon by demonstrating that the content of any and every canon is historically and culturally specific.

  • Partners in Conflict
    Author(s): Tinsman, Heidi; Kaplan, Caren; Wiegman, Robyn

    Partners in Conflict examines the importance of sexuality and gender to rural labor and agrarian politics during the last days of Chile’s latifundia system of traditional landed estates and throughout the governments of Eduardo Frei and Salvador Allende. Heidi Tinsman analyzes differences between men’s and women’s participation in Chile’s Agrarian Reform movement and considers how conflicts over gender and sexuality shape the contours of working-class struggles and national politics.

    Tinsman restores women to a scholarly narrative that has been almost exclusively about men, recounting the centrality of women’s labor to the pre-Agrarian Reform world of the hacienda during the 1950s and recovering women’s critical roles in union struggles and land occupations during the Agrarian Reform itself. Providing a theoretical framework for understanding why the Agrarian Reform ultimately empowered men more than women, Tinsman argues that women were marginalized not because the Agrarian Reform ignored women but because, under both the Frei and Allende governments, it promoted the male-headed household as the cornerstone of a new society. Although this emphasis on gender cooperation stressed that men should have more respect for their wives and funneled unprecedented amounts of resources into women’s hands, the reform defined men as its protagonists and affirmed their authority over women.

    This is the first monographic social history of Chile’s Agrarian Reform in either English or Spanish, and the first historical work to make sexuality and gender central to the analysis of the reforms.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383789
    Publication Date: 2002-05-23
    author-list-text: Heidi Tinsman, Caren Kaplan and Robyn Wiegman
    1. Heidi Tinsman,
    2. Caren Kaplan and
    3. Robyn Wiegman
    contrib-author: Heidi Tinsman
    contrib-series-editor: Caren Kaplan; Robyn Wiegman
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383789
    illustrations-note: 25 b&w photos, 22 tables, 2 maps, 6 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329077
    isbn-paper: 9780822329220
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Next Wave: New Directions in Women's Studies

    Analyzes differences between men's and women's participation in Chile's Agrarian Reform movement, examining how conflicts over gender shape the contours of working-class struggles and national politics.

    subtitle: The Politics of Gender, Sexuality, and Labor in the Chilean Agrarian Reform, 1950–1973
  • Passed On
    Author(s): Holloway, Karla FC

    Passed On is a portrait of death and dying in twentieth-century African America. Through poignant reflection and thorough investigation of the myths, rituals, economics, and politics of African American mourning and burial practices, Karla FC Holloway finds that ways of dying are just as much a part of black identity as ways of living. Gracefully interweaving interviews, archival research, and analyses of literature, film, and music, Holloway shows how the vulnerability of African Americans to untimely death is inextricably linked to how black culture represents itself and is represented.

    With a focus on the “death-care” industry—black funeral homes and morticians, the history of the profession and its practices—Holloway examines all facets of the burial business, from physicians, hospital chaplains, and hospice administrators, to embalming- chemical salesmen, casket makers, and funeral directors, to grieving relatives. She uses narrative, photographs, and images to summon a painful history of lynchings, white rage and riot, medical malpractice and neglect, executions, and neighborhood violence. Specialized caskets sold to African Americans, formal burial photos of infants, and deathbed stories, unveil a glimpse of the graveyards and burial sites of African America, along with burial rituals and funeral ceremonies.

    Revealing both unexpected humor and anticipated tragedy, Holloway tells a story of the experiences of black folk in the funeral profession and its clientele. She also reluctantly shares the story of her son and the way his death moved her research from page to person.

    In the conclusion, which follows a sermon delivered by Maurice O. Wallace at the funeral for the author’s son, Bem, Holloway strives to commemorate—through observation, ceremony, and the calling of others to remembrance and celebration.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385073
    Publication Date: 2002-01-30
    author-list-text: Karla FC Holloway
    1. Karla FC Holloway
    contrib-author: Karla FC Holloway
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822385073
    illustrations-note: 56 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328605
    isbn-paper: 9780822332459
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book

    A personal and historical account of the particular place of death and funerals in African American life.

    subtitle: African American Mourning Stories, A Memorial
  • Passing and the Fictions of Identity
    Author(s): Ginsberg, Elaine K.; Pease, Donald E.

    Passing refers to the process whereby a person of one race, gender, nationality, or sexual orientation adopts the guise of another. Historically, this has often involved black slaves passing as white in order to gain their freedom. More generally, it has served as a way for women and people of color to access male or white privilege. In their examination of this practice of crossing boundaries, the contributors to this volume offer a unique perspective for studying the construction and meaning of personal and cultural identities.

    These essays consider a wide range of texts and moments from colonial times to the present that raise significant questions about the political motivations inherent in the origins and maintenance of identity categories and boundaries. Through discussions of such literary works as Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom, The Autobiography of an Ex–Coloured Man, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, The Hidden Hand, Black Like Me, and Giovanni’s Room, the authors examine issues of power and privilege and ways in which passing might challenge the often rigid structures of identity politics. Their interrogation of the semiotics of behavior, dress, language, and the body itself contributes significantly to an understanding of national, racial, gender, and sexual identity in American literature and culture.

    Contextualizing and building on the theoretical work of such scholars as Judith Butler, Diana Fuss, Marjorie Garber, and Henry Louis Gates Jr., Passing and the Fictions of Identity will be of value to students and scholars working in the areas of race, gender, and identity theory, as well as U.S. history and literature.

    Contributors. Martha Cutter, Katharine Nicholson Ings, Samira Kawash, Adrian Piper, Valerie Rohy, Marion Rust, Julia Stern, Gayle Wald, Ellen M. Weinauer, Elizabeth Young

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382027
    Publication Date: 1996-05-07
    author-list-text: Donald E. Pease
    1. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-editor: Elaine K. Ginsberg
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822382027
    illustrations-note: 6 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822317555
    isbn-paper: 9780822317647
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
  • Pathways to Prohibition
    Author(s): Szymanski, Ann-Marie E.

    Strategies for gradually effecting social change are often dismissed as too accommodating of the status quo. Ann-Marie E. Szymanski challenges this assumption, arguing that moderation is sometimes the most effective way to achieve change. Pathways to Prohibition examines the strategic choices of social movements by focusing on the fates of two temperance campaigns. The prohibitionists of the 1880s gained limited success, while their Progressive Era counterparts achieved a remarkable—albeit temporary—accomplishment in American politics: amending the United States Constitution. Szymanski accounts for these divergent outcomes by asserting that choice of strategy (how a social movement defines and pursues its goals) is a significant element in the success or failure of social movements, underappreciated until now. Her emphasis on strategy represents a sharp departure from approaches that prioritize political opportunity as the most consequential factor in campaigns for social change.

    Combining historical research with the insights of social movement theory, Pathways to Prohibition shows how a locally based, moderate strategy allowed the early-twentieth-century prohibition crusade both to develop a potent grassroots component and to transcend the limited scope of local politics. Szymanski describes how the prohibition movement’s strategic shift toward moderate goals after 1900 reflected the devolution of state legislatures’ liquor licensing power to localities, the judiciary’s growing acceptance of these local licensing regimes, and a collective belief that local electorates, rather than state legislatures, were best situated to resolve controversial issues like the liquor question. "Local gradualism" is well suited to the porous, federal structure of the American state, Szymanski contends, and it has been effectively used by a number of social movements, including the civil rights movement and the Christian right.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385301
    Publication Date: 2003-07-31
    author-list-text: Ann-Marie E. Szymanski
    1. Ann-Marie E. Szymanski
    contrib-author: Ann-Marie E. Szymanski
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385301
    illustrations-note: 19 tables, 10 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331810
    isbn-paper: 9780822331698
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Szymanski uses the Prohibition movement as an example of the challenges facinbg all social reform movements.

    subtitle: Radicals, Moderates, and Social Movement Outcomes
  • Patients of the State
    Author(s): Auyero, Javier

    Patients of the State is a sociological account of the extended waiting that poor people seeking state social and administrative services must endure. It is based on ethnographic research in the waiting area of the main welfare office in Buenos Aires, in the line leading into the Argentine registration office where legal aliens apply for identification cards, and among people who live in a polluted shantytown on the capital’s outskirts, while waiting to be allocated better housing. Scrutinizing the mundane interactions between the poor and the state, as well as underprivileged people’s confusion and uncertainty about the administrative processes that affect them, Javier Auyero argues that while waiting, the poor learn the opposite of citizenship. They learn to be patients of the state. They absorb the message that they should be patient and keep waiting, because there is nothing else that they can do. Drawing attention to a significant everyday dynamic that has received little scholarly attention until now, Auyero considers not only how the poor experience these lengthy waits but also how making poor people wait works as a strategy of state control.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395287
    Publication Date: 2012-05-04
    author-list-text: Javier Auyero
    1. Javier Auyero
    contrib-author: Javier Auyero
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395287
    illustrations-note: 17 photographs, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352594
    isbn-paper: 9780822352334
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    This volume examines the power that can be imposed, and the misery that is caused, especially for the poor, by the simple act of waiting. Although set in Buenos Aires, Auyero describes a variety of different situations, including waiting for national identity cards, for welfare agencies, and the endless waiting for relocation from the slums.

    subtitle: The Politics of Waiting in Argentina
  • Peasants on Plantations
    Author(s): Peloso, Vincent

    After the 1854 abolition of slavery in Peru, a new generation of plantation owners turned to a system of peasant tenantry to maintain cotton production through the use of cheap labor. In Peasants on Plantations Vincent C. Peloso analyzes the changing social and economic relationships governing the production of cotton in the Pisco Valley, a little-studied area of Peru’s south coast. Challenging widely held assumptions about the system of relations that tied peasants to the land, Peloso’s work examines the interdependence of the planters, managers, and peasants—and the various strategies used by peasants in their struggle to resist control by the owners.

    Grounded in the theoretical perspectives of subaltern studies and drawing on an extremely complete archive of landed estates that includes detailed regular reports by plantation managers on all aspects of farming life, Peasants on Plantations reveals the intricate ways peasants, managers, and owners manipulated each other to benefit their own interests. As Peloso demonstrates, rather than a simple case of domination of the peasants by the owners, both parties realized that negotiation was the key to successful growth, often with the result that peasants cooperated with plantation growth strategies in order to participate in a market economy. Long-term contracts gave tenants and sharecroppers many opportunities to make farming choices, to assert claims on the land, compete among themselves, and participate in plantation expansion. At the same time, owners strove to keep the peasants in debt and well aware of who maintained ultimate control.

    Peasants on Plantations offers a largely untold view of the monumental struggle between planters and peasants that was fundamental in shaping the agrarian history of Peru. It will interest those engaged in Latin American studies, anthropology, and peasant and agrarian studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397472
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Vincent Peloso
    1. Vincent Peloso
    contrib-author: Vincent Peloso
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822397472
    illustrations-note: 4 b&w photographs, 11 tables, 4 maps, 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322290
    isbn-paper: 9780822322467
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America otherwise
    subtitle: Subaltern Strategies of Labor and Resistance in the Pisco Valley, Peru
  • Pedagogies of Crossing
    Author(s): Alexander, M. Jacqui; Halberstam, Judith; Lowe, Lisa

    M. Jacqui Alexander is one of the most important theorists of transnational feminism working today. Pedagogies of Crossing brings together essays she has written over the past decade, uniting her incisive critiques, which have had such a profound impact on feminist, queer, and critical race theories, with some of her more recent work. In this landmark interdisciplinary volume, Alexander points to a number of critical imperatives made all the more urgent by contemporary manifestations of neoimperialism and neocolonialism. Among these are the need for North American feminism and queer studies to take up transnational frameworks that foreground questions of colonialism, political economy, and racial formation; for a thorough re-conceptualization of modernity to account for the heteronormative regulatory practices of modern state formations; and for feminists to wrestle with the spiritual dimensions of experience and the meaning of sacred subjectivity.

    In these meditations, Alexander deftly unites large, often contradictory, historical processes across time and space. She focuses on the criminalization of queer communities in both the United States and the Caribbean in ways that prompt us to rethink how modernity invents its own traditions; she juxtaposes the political organizing and consciousness of women workers in global factories in Mexico, the Caribbean, and Canada with the pressing need for those in the academic factory to teach for social justice; she reflects on the limits and failures of liberal pluralism; and she presents original and compelling arguments that show how and why transgenerational memory is an indispensable spiritual practice within differently constituted women-of-color communities as it operates as a powerful antidote to oppression. In this multifaceted, visionary book, Alexander maps the terrain of alternative histories and offers new forms of knowledge with which to mold alternative futures.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386988
    Publication Date: 2005-12-28
    author-list-text: M. Jacqui Alexander, Judith Halberstam and Lisa Lowe
    1. M. Jacqui Alexander,
    2. Judith Halberstam and
    3. Lisa Lowe
    contrib-author: M. Jacqui Alexander
    contrib-series-editor: Judith Halberstam; Lisa Lowe
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386988
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336075
    isbn-paper: 9780822336457
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Perverse Modernities

    A collection of essays by Alexander addressing the implications of transnational thinking for our understanding of gender, sex, sexuality, and race.

    subtitle: Meditations on Feminism, Sexual Politics, Memory, and the Sacred
  • People Get Ready
    Author(s): Heble, Ajay; Wallace, Rob; Wallace, Rob

    In People Get Ready, musicians, scholars, and journalists write about jazz since 1965, the year that Curtis Mayfield composed the famous civil rights anthem that gives this collection its title. The contributors emphasize how the political consciousness that infused jazz in the 1960s and early 1970s has informed jazz in the years since then. They bring nuance to historical accounts of the avant-garde, the New Thing, Free Jazz, "non-idiomatic" improvisation, fusion, and other forms of jazz that have flourished since the 1960s, and they reveal the contemporary relevance of those musical practices. Many of the participants in the jazz scenes discussed are still active performers. A photographic essay captures some of them in candid moments before performances. Other pieces revise standard accounts of well-known jazz figures, such as Duke Ellington, and lesser-known musicians, including Jeanne Lee; delve into how money, class, space, and economics affect the performance of experimental music; and take up the question of how digital technology influences improvisation. People Get Ready offers a vision for the future of jazz based on an appreciation of the complexity of its past and the abundance of innovation in the present.

    Contributors. Tamar Barzel, John Brackett, Douglas Ewart, Ajay Heble, Vijay Iyer, Thomas King, Tracy McMullen, Paul D. Miller/DJ Spooky, Nicole Mitchell, Roscoe Mitchell, Famoudou Don Moye, Aldon Lynn Nielsen, Eric Porter, Marc Ribot, Matana Roberts, Jaribu Shahid, Julie Dawn Smith, Wadada Leo Smith, Alan Stanbridge, John Szwed, Greg Tate, Scott Thomson, Rob Wallace, Ellen Waterman, Corey Wilkes

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399728
    Publication Date: 2013-04-26
    author-list-text: Ajay Heble and Rob Wallace
    1. Ajay Heble and
    2. Rob Wallace
    contrib-editor: Ajay Heble; Rob Wallace; Rob Wallace
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822399728
    illustrations-note: 16 photographs, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354086
    isbn-paper: 9780822354253
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Improvisation, Community, and Social Practice

    Jazz musicians, scholars, and journalists emphasize how the political consciousness that infused jazz in the 1960s and 1970s has continued to animate the avant-garde, Free Jazz, fusion, and other forms of this lively, always-evolving music.

    subtitle: The Future of Jazz Is Now!
  • People of Faith
    Author(s): Soares, Mariza de Carvalho; Metz, Jerry Dennis

    In People of Faith, Mariza de Carvalho Soares reconstructs the everyday lives of Mina slaves transported in the eighteenth century to Rio de Janeiro from the western coast of Africa, particularly from modern-day Benin. She describes a Catholic lay brotherhood formed by the enslaved Mina congregants of a Rio church, and she situates the brotherhood in a panoramic setting encompassing the historical development of the Atlantic slave trade in West Africa and the ethnic composition of Mina slaves in eighteenth-century Rio. Although Africans from the Mina Coast constituted no more than ten percent of the slave population of Rio, they were a strong presence in urban life at the time. Soares analyzes the role that Catholicism, and particularly lay brotherhoods, played in Africans’ construction of identities under slavery in colonial Brazil. As in the rest of the Portuguese empire, black lay brotherhoods in Rio engaged in expressions of imperial pomp through elaborate festivals, processions, and funerals; the election of kings and queens; and the organization of royal courts. Drawing mainly on ecclesiastical documents, Soares reveals the value of church records for historical research.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394303
    Publication Date: 2011-09-01
    author-list-text: Mariza de Carvalho Soares and Jerry Dennis Metz
    1. Mariza de Carvalho Soares and
    2. Jerry Dennis Metz
    contrib-author: Mariza de Carvalho Soares
    contrib-translator: Jerry Dennis Metz
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394303
    illustrations-note: 12 illustrations, 21 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350231
    isbn-paper: 9780822350408
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America in translation/en traducción/em tradução

    A historical account of how slaves taken from the Mina Coast (modern-day Benin) to Rio de Janeiro in the eighteenth century reconstructed their identities, partly through Catholic lay brotherhoods.

    subtitle: Slavery and African Catholics in Eighteenth-Century Rio de Janeiro
  • People of the Volcano
    Author(s): Cook, Noble David; Cook, Alexandra Parma; Cook, Alexandra Parma

    While it now attracts many tourists, the Colca Valley of Peru’s southern Andes was largely isolated from the outside world until the 1970s, when a passable road was built linking the valley—and its colonial churches, terraced hillsides, and deep canyon—to the city of Arequipa and its airport, eight hours away. Noble David Cook and his co-researcher Alexandra Parma Cook have been studying the Colca Valley since 1974, and this detailed ethnohistory reflects their decades-long engagement with the valley, its history, and its people. Drawing on unusually rich surviving documentary evidence, they explore the cultural transformations experienced by the first three generations of Indians and Europeans in the region following the Spanish conquest of the Incas.

    Social structures, the domestic export and economies, and spiritual spheres within native Andean communities are key elements of analysis. Also highlighted is the persistence of duality in the Andean world: perceived dichotomies such as those between the coast and the highlands, Europeans and Indo-Peruvians. Even before the conquest, the Cabana and Collagua communities sharing the Colca Valley were divided according to kinship and location. The Incas, and then the Spanish, capitalized on these divisions, incorporating them into their state structure in order to administer the area more effectively, but Colca Valley peoples resisted total assimilation into either. Colca Valley communities have shown a remarkable tenacity in retaining their social, economic, and cultural practices while accommodating various assimilationist efforts over the centuries. Today’s population maintains similarities with their ancestors of more than five hundred years ago—in language, agricultural practices, daily rituals, familial relationships, and practices of reciprocity. They also retain links to ecological phenomena, including the volcanoes from which they believe they emerged and continue to venerate.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389613
    Publication Date: 2007-06-06
    author-list-text: Noble David Cook, Alexandra Parma Cook and Alexandra Parma Cook
    1. Noble David Cook,
    2. Alexandra Parma Cook and
    3. Alexandra Parma Cook
    contrib-author: Noble David Cook; Alexandra Parma Cook; Alexandra Parma Cook
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389613
    illustrations-note: 41 b&w photos, 12 tables, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339885
    isbn-paper: 9780822339717
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    First full-length history of the Colca Valley in southern Peru from pre-Hispanic times to the present.

    subtitle: Andean Counterpoint in the Colca Valley of Peru
  • Percussion
    Author(s): Mowitt, John

    Percussion is an attempt—in the author’s words—to make sense of "senseless beating," to grasp how rhythm makes sense in music and society. Both a scholar and a former professional drummer, John Mowitt forges a striking encounter between cultural studies and new musicology that seeks to lay out the "percussive field" through which beating—specifically the backbeat that defines early rock-and-roll—comes to matter for raced, urban subjects.

    For Mowitt, percussion is both an experience of embodiment—making contact in and on the skin—and a provocation for critical theory itself. In delimiting the percussive field, he plays drumming off against the musicological account of the beat, the sociological account of shock and the psychoanalytical account of fantasy. In the process he touches on such topics as the separation of slaves and drums in the era of the slave trade, the migration of rural blacks to urban centers of the North, the practice and politics of "rough music," the links between interpellation and possession, the general strike, beating fantasies, and the concept of the "skin ego."

    Percussion makes a fresh and provocative contribution to cultural studies, new musicology, the history of the body and critical race theory. It will be of interest to students of cultural studies and critical theory as well as readers with a serious interest in the history of music, rock-and-roll and drumming.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383604
    Publication Date: 2002-05-17
    author-list-text: John Mowitt
    1. John Mowitt
    contrib-author: John Mowitt
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383604
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329046
    isbn-paper: 9780822329190
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    By emphasizing the specifically percussive articulation of rhythm, this study contributes to the elaboration of critical musicology by both challenging its construction of music as essentially harmonic and by extending the interpretive vocabulary of music

    subtitle: Drumming, Beating, Striking
  • Perfect Wives, Other Women
    Author(s): Dopico Black, Georgina

    In Perfect Wives, Other Women Georgina Dopico Black examines the role played by women’s bodies—specifically the bodies of wives—in Spain and Spanish America during the Inquisition. In her quest to show how both the body and soul of the married woman became the site of anxious inquiry, Dopico Black mines a variety of Golden Age texts for instances in which the era’s persistent preoccupation with racial, religious, and cultural otherness was reflected in the depiction of women.

    Subject to the scrutiny of a remarkable array of gazes—inquisitors, theologians, religious reformers, confessors, poets, playwrights, and, not least among them, husbands—the bodies of perfect and imperfect wives elicited diverse readings. Dopico Black reveals how imperialism, the Inquisition, inflation, and economic decline each contributed to a correspondence between the meanings of these human bodies and “other” bodies, such as those of the Jew, the Moor, the Lutheran, the degenerate, and whoever else departed from a recognized norm. The body of the wife, in other words, became associated with categories separate from anatomy, reflecting the particular hermeneutics employed during the Inquisition regarding the surveillance of otherness.

    Dopico Black’s compelling argument will engage students of Spanish and Spanish American history and literature, gender studies, women’s studies, social psychology and cultural studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383079
    Publication Date: 2001-01-23
    author-list-text: Georgina Dopico Black
    1. Georgina Dopico Black
    contrib-author: Georgina Dopico Black
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383079
    illustrations-note: 1 illustration
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326502
    isbn-paper: 9780822326427
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Close readings of canonical Spanish “Golden Age” and Latin American “colonial” texts, drawing heavily on the findings and strategies of psychoanalytic criticism, gender studies and Marxism, and offering an understanding of a repres

    subtitle: Adultery and Inquisition in Early Modern Spain
  • Performance
    Author(s): Taylor, Diana

    "Performance" has multiple and often overlapping meanings that signify a wide variety of social behaviors. In this invitation to reflect on the power of performance, Diana Taylor explores many of its uses and iterations: artistic, economic, sexual, political, and technological performance; the performance of everyday life; and the gendered, sexed, and racialized performance of bodies. This book performs its argument. Images and texts interact to show how performance is at once a creative act, a means to comprehend power, a method of transmitting memory and identity, and a way of understanding the world.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375128
    Publication Date: 2016-01-15
    author-list-text: Diana Taylor
    1. Diana Taylor
    contrib-author: Diana Taylor
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822375128
    illustrations-note: 74 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359548
    isbn-paper: 9780822359975
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In this invitation to reflect on the power of performance, Diana Taylor explores the multiple and overlapping meanings of performance, showing how it can convey everything from artistic, economic, and sexual performance, to providing ways of understanding how race, gender, identity, and power are performed.

  • Performance in America
    Author(s): Román, David; Court, Paula; Termine, Richard

    Performance in America demonstrates the vital importance of the performing arts to contemporary U.S. culture. Looking at a series of specific performances mounted between 1994 and 2004, well-known performance studies scholar David Román challenges the belief that theatre, dance, and live music are marginal art forms in the United States. He describes the crucial role that the performing arts play in local, regional, and national communities, emphasizing the power of live performance, particularly its immediacy and capacity to create a dialogue between artists and audiences. Román draws attention to the ways that the performing arts provide unique perspectives on many of the most pressing concerns within American studies: questions about history and politics, citizenship and society, and culture and nation.

    The performances that Román analyzes range from localized community-based arts events to full-scale Broadway productions and from the controversial works of established artists such as Tony Kushner to those of emerging artists. Román considers dances produced by the choreographers Bill T. Jones and Neil Greenberg in the mid-1990s as new aids treatments became available and the aids crisis was reconfigured; a production of the Asian American playwright Chay Yew’s A Beautiful Country in a high-school auditorium in Los Angeles’s Chinatown; and Latino performer John Leguizamo’s one-man Broadway show Freak. He examines the revival of theatrical legacies by female impersonators and the resurgence of cabaret in New York City. Román also looks at how the performing arts have responded to 9/11, the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, and the second war in Iraq. Including more than eighty illustrations, Performance in America highlights the dynamic relationships among performance, history, and contemporary culture through which the past is revisited and the future reimagined.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387442
    Publication Date: 2005-11-02
    author-list-text: David Román, Paula Court and Richard Termine
    1. David Román,
    2. Paula Court and
    3. Richard Termine
    contrib-author: David Román
    contrib-other: Paula Court; Richard Termine
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387442
    illustrations-note: 86 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336754
    isbn-paper: 9780822336631
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Perverse Modernities

    Argues for the centrality of theater and performance in the American national imaginary.

    subtitle: Contemporary U.S. Culture and the Performing Arts
  • Perilous Memories
    Author(s): Fujitani, T.; White, Geoffrey M.; Yoneyama, Lisa

    Perilous Memories makes a groundbreaking and critical intervention into debates about war memory in the Asia-Pacific region. Arguing that much is lost or erased when the Asia-Pacific War(s) are reduced to the 1941–1945 war between Japan and the United States, this collection challenges mainstream memories of the Second World War in favor of what were actually multiple, widespread conflicts. The contributors recuperate marginalized or silenced memories of wars throughout the region—not only in Japan and the United States but also in China, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, Okinawa, Taiwan, and Korea.

    Firmly based on the insight that memory is always mediated and that the past is not a stable object, the volume demonstrates that we can intervene positively yet critically in the recovery and reinterpretation of events and experiences that have been pushed to the peripheries of the past. The contributors—an international list of anthropologists, cultural critics, historians, literary scholars, and activists—show how both dominant and subjugated memories have emerged out of entanglements with such forces as nationalism, imperialism, colonialism, racism, and sexism. They consider both how the past is remembered and also what the consequences may be of privileging one set of memories over others. Specific objects of study range from photographs, animation, songs, and films to military occupations and attacks, minorities in wartime, “comfort women,” commemorative events, and postwar activism in pursuing redress and reparations.

    Perilous Memories is a model for war memory intervention and will be of interest to historians and other scholars and activists engaged with collective memory, colonial studies, U.S. and Asian history, and cultural studies.

    Contributors. Chen Yingzhen, Chungmoo Choi, Vicente M. Diaz, Arif Dirlik, T. Fujitani, Ishihara Masaie, Lamont Lindstrom, George Lipsitz, Marita Sturken, Toyonaga Keisaburo, Utsumi Aiko, Morio Watanabe, Geoffrey M. White, Diana Wong, Daqing Yang, Lisa Yoneyama

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381051
    Publication Date: 2001-05-31
    contrib-editor: T. Fujitani; Geoffrey M. White; Lisa Yoneyama
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822381051
    illustrations-note: 38 b&w photographs, 3 tables, 2 charts
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325321
    isbn-paper: 9780822325642
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A rethinking of the differing national memories of the Second World War in the Pacific in light of recent theories of nationalism, imperialism, and colonialism.

    subtitle: The Asia-Pacific War(s)
  • Perpetual War
    Author(s): Robbins, Bruce

    For two decades Bruce Robbins has been a theorist of and participant in the movement for a "new cosmopolitanism," an appreciation of the varieties of multiple belonging that emerge as peoples and cultures interact. In Perpetual War he takes stock of this movement, rethinking his own commitment and reflecting on the responsibilities of American intellectuals today. In this era of seemingly endless U.S. warfare, Robbins contends that the declining economic and political hegemony of the United States will tempt it into blaming other nations for its problems and lashing out against them.

    Under these conditions, cosmopolitanism in the traditional sense—primary loyalty to the good of humanity as a whole, even if it conflicts with loyalty to the interests of one's own nation—becomes a necessary resource in the struggle against military aggression. To what extent does the "new" cosmopolitanism also include or support this "old" cosmopolitanism? In an attempt to answer this question, Robbins engages with such thinkers as Noam Chomsky, Edward Said, Anthony Appiah, Immanuel Wallerstein, Louis Menand, W. G. Sebald, and Slavoj Zizek. The paradoxes of detachment and belonging they embody, he argues, can help define the tasks of American intellectuals in an era when the first duty of the cosmopolitan is to resist the military aggression perpetrated by his or her own country.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395188
    Publication Date: 2012-05-28
    author-list-text: Bruce Robbins
    1. Bruce Robbins
    contrib-author: Bruce Robbins
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395188
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351986
    isbn-paper: 9780822352099
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Arguing that intellectuals must critique bellicose U.S. nationalism, Bruce Robbins advocates cosmopolitanism in its traditional sense, as an elevation of loyalty to the good of humanity as a whole over loyalty to one's own nation.

    subtitle: Cosmopolitanism from the Viewpoint of Violence
  • Persistent Oligarchs
    Author(s): Wasserman, Mark

    Did the Mexican Revolution do away with the ruling class of the old regime? Did a new ruling class rise to take the old one's place—and if so, what differences resulted? In this compelling study, the first of its kind, Mark Wasserman pursues these questions through an analysis of the history and politics of the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua from 1910 to 1940.

    Chihuahua boasted one of the strongest pre-revolutionary elite networks, the Terrazas-Creel family. Wasserman describes this group's efforts to maintain its power after the Revolution, including its use of economic resources and intermarriage to forge partnerships with the new, revolutionary elite. Together, the old and new elites confronted a national government that sought to reestablish centralized control over the states and the masses. Wasserman shows how the revolutionary government and the popular classes, joined in opposition to the challenge of the elites, finally formalized into a national political party during the 1930s.

    Persistent Oligarchs concludes with an account of the Revolution's ultimate outcome, largely accomplished by 1940: the national government gaining central control over politics, the popular classes obtaining land redistribution and higher wages, and regional elites, old and new, availing themselves of the great opportunities presented by economic development. A complex analysis of revolution as a vehicle for both continuity and change, this work is essential to an understanding of Mexico and Latin America, as well as revolutionary politics and history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397489
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Mark Wasserman
    1. Mark Wasserman
    contrib-author: Mark Wasserman
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822397489
    isbn-cloth: 9780822313298
    isbn-paper: 9780822313458
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Elites and Politics in Chihuahua, Mexico 1910–1940
  • Perversion and the Social Relation
    Author(s): Rothenberg, Molly Anne; Foster, Dennis A.; Žižek, Slavoj

    The masochist, the voyeur, the sadist, the sodomite, the fetishist, the pedophile, and the necrophiliac all expose hidden but essential elements of the social relation. Arguing that the concept of perversion, usually stigmatized, ought rather to be understood as a necessary stage in the development of all non-psychotic subjects, the essays in Perversion and the Social Relation consider the usefulness of the category of the perverse for exploring how social relations are formed, maintained, and transformed.

    By focusing on perversion as a psychic structure rather than as aberrant behavior, the contributors provide an alternative to models of social interpretation based on classical Oedipal models of maturation and desire. At the same time, they critique claims that the perverse is necessarily subversive or liberating. In their lucid introduction, the editors explain that while fixation at the stage of the perverse can result in considerable suffering for the individual and others, perversion motivates social relations by providing pleasure and fulfilling the psychological need to put something in the place of the Father. The contributors draw on a variety of psychoanalytic perspectives—Freudian and Lacanian—as well as anthropology, history, literature, and film. From Slavoj Žižek's meditation on “the politics of masochism” in David Fincher's movie Fight Club through readings of works including William Styron's The Confessions of Nat Turner, Don DeLillo’s White Noise, and William Burroughs's Cities of the Red Night, the essays collected here illuminate perversion's necessary role in social relations.

    Contributors. Michael P. Bibler, Dennis A. Foster, Bruce Fink, Octave Mannoni, E. L. McCallum, James Penney, Molly Anne Rothenberg, Nina Schwartz, Slavoj Žižek

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384724
    Publication Date: 2003-04-30
    contrib-editor: Molly Anne Rothenberg; Dennis A. Foster; Slavoj Žižek
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384724
    illustrations-note: 2 charts
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330851
    isbn-paper: 9780822330974
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: [sic] Series

    Discusses the history, representation, and theorization of perversion and shows its relevance for understanding social relations, especially racism, liberalism, class antagonism, abjection, and multiculturalism, as well as considering its role in the esta

    subtitle: sic IV
  • Phantasmatic Indochina
    Author(s): Norindr, Panivong

    This reflection on colonial culture argues for an examination of “Indochina” as a fictive and mythic construct, a phantasmatic legacy of French colonialism in Southeast Asia. Panivong Norindr uses postcolonial theory to demonstrate how French imperialism manifests itself not only through physical domination of geographic entities, but also through the colonization of the imaginary. In this careful reading of architecture, film, and literature, Norindr lays bare the processes of fantasy, desire, and nostalgia constituent of French territorial aggression against Indochina.

    Analyzing the first Exposition Coloniale Internationale, held in Paris in 1931, Norindr shows how the exhibition’s display of architecture gave a vision to the colonies that justified France’s cultural prejudices, while stimulating the desire for further expansionism. He critiques the Surrealist counter-exposition mounted to oppose the imperialist aims of the Exposition Coloniale, and the Surrealist incorporation and appropriation of native artifacts in avant-garde works. According to Norindr, all serious attempts at interrogating French colonial involvement in Southeast Asia are threatened by discourse, images, representations, and myths that perpetuate the luminous aura of Indochina as a place of erotic fantasies and exotic adventures. Exploring the resilience of French nostalgia for Indochina in books and movies, the author examines work by Malraux, Duras, and Claudel, and the films Indochine, The Lover, and Dien Bien Phu.

    Certain to impact across a range of disciplines, Phantasmatic Indochina will be of interest to those engaged in the study of the culture and history of Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, and Laos, as well as specialists in the fields of French modernism, postcolonial studies, cultural studies, and comparative literature.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379799
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Panivong Norindr
    1. Panivong Norindr
    contrib-author: Panivong Norindr
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822379799
    isbn-cloth: 9780822317784
    isbn-paper: 9780822317876
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific, culture, politics, and society
    subtitle: French Colonial Ideology in Architecture, Film, and Literature
  • Phantasmic Radio
    Author(s): Weiss, Allen S.

    The alienation of the self, the annihilation of the body, the fracturing, dispersal, and reconstruction of the disembodied voice: the themes of modernism, even of modern consciousness, occur as a matter of course in the phantasmic realm of radio. In this original work of cultural criticism, Allen S. Weiss explores the meaning of radio to the modern imagination. Weaving together cultural and technological history, aesthetic analysis, and epistemological reflection, his investigation reveals how radiophony transforms expression and, in doing so, calls into question assumptions about language and being, body and voice.

    Phantasmic Radio presents a new perspective on the avant-garde radio experiments of Antonin Artaud and John Cage, and brings to light fascinating, lesser-known work by, among others, Valère Novarina, Gregory Whitehead, and Christof Migone. Weiss shows how Artaud’s "body without organs" establishes the closure of the flesh after the death of God; how Cage’s "imaginary landscapes" proffer the indissociability of techne and psyche; how Novarina reinvents the body through the word in his "theater of the ears." Going beyond the art historical context of these experiments, Weiss describes how, with their emphasis on montage and networks of transmission, they marked out the coordinates of modernism and prefigured what we now recognize as the postmodern.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399452
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Allen S. Weiss
    1. Allen S. Weiss
    contrib-author: Allen S. Weiss
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822399452
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316527
    isbn-paper: 9780822316640
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
  • Pharmocracy
    Author(s): Sunder Rajan, Kaushik

    Continuing his pioneering theoretical explorations into the relationships among biosciences, the market, and political economy, Kaushik Sunder Rajan introduces the concept of pharmocracy to explain the structure and operation of the global hegemony of the multinational pharmaceutical industry. He reveals pharmocracy's logic in two case studies from contemporary India: the controversial introduction of an HPV vaccine in 2010, and the Indian Patent Office's denial of a patent for an anticancer drug in 2006 and ensuing legal battles. In each instance health was appropriated by capital and transformed from an embodied state of well-being into an abstract category made subject to capital's interests. These cases demonstrate the precarious situation in which pharmocracy places democracy, as India's accommodation of global pharmaceutical regulatory frameworks pits the interests of its citizens against those of international capital. Sunder Rajan's insights into this dynamic make clear the high stakes of pharmocracy's intersection with health, politics, and democracy.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373285
    Publication Date: 2017-02-10
    author-list-text: Kaushik Sunder Rajan
    1. Kaushik Sunder Rajan
    contrib-author: Kaushik Sunder Rajan
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373285
    illustrations-note: 1 illustration
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363132
    isbn-paper: 9780822363279
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Experimental Futures

    Kaushik Sunder Rajan traces the structure and operation of what he calls pharmocracy—a concept explaining the global hegemony of the multinational pharmaceutical industry. He outlines pharmocracy's logic in two case studies from contemporary India to demonstrate the stakes of its intersection with health, politics, democracy, and global capital.

    subtitle: Value, Politics, and Knowledge in Global Biomedicine
  • Phonographies
    Author(s): Weheliye, Alexander G.

    Phonographies explores the numerous links and relays between twentieth-century black cultural production and sound technologies from the phonograph to the Walkman. Highlighting how black authors, filmmakers, and musicians have actively engaged with recorded sound in their work, Alexander G. Weheliye contends that the interplay between sound technologies and black music and speech enabled the emergence of modern black culture, of what he terms “sonic Afro-modernity.” He shows that by separating music and speech from their human sources, sound-recording technologies beginning with the phonograph generated new modes of thinking, being, and becoming. Black artists used these new possibilities to revamp key notions of modernity—among these, ideas of subjectivity, temporality, and community. Phonographies is a powerful argument that sound technologies are integral to black culture, which is, in turn, fundamental to Western modernity.

    Weheliye surveys literature, film, and music to focus on engagements with recorded sound. He offers substantial new readings of canonical texts by W. E. B. Du Bois and Ralph Ellison, establishing dialogues between these writers and popular music and film ranging from Louis Armstrong’s voice to DJ mixing techniques to Darnell Martin’s 1994 movie I Like It Like That. Looking at how questions of diasporic belonging are articulated in contemporary black musical practices, Weheliye analyzes three contemporary Afro-diasporic musical acts: the Haitian and African American rap group the Fugees, the Afro- and Italian-German rap collective Advanced Chemistry, and black British artist Tricky and his partner Martina. Phonographies imagines the African diaspora as a virtual sounding space, one that is marked, in the twentieth century and twenty-first, by the circulation of culture via technological reproductions—records and tapes, dubbing and mixing, and more.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386933
    Publication Date: 2005-04-29
    author-list-text: Alexander G. Weheliye
    1. Alexander G. Weheliye
    contrib-author: Alexander G. Weheliye
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386933
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335771
    isbn-paper: 9780822335900
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Cultural study of the effects of sound technologies--from the phonograph to the Walkman--on African American literature, art, and music in the twentieth century

    subtitle: Grooves in Sonic Afro-Modernity
  • Photographies East
    Author(s): Morris, Rosalind C; Thomas, Nicholas; Spyer, Patricia; Hevia, James L.; Siegel, James T.

    Introducing Photographies East, Rosalind C. Morris notes that although the camera is now a taken-for-granted element of everyday life in most parts of the world, it is difficult to appreciate “the shock and sense of utter improbability that accompanied the new technology” as it was introduced in Asia (and elsewhere). In this collection, scholars of Asia, most of whom are anthropologists, describe frequent attribution of spectral powers to the camera, first brought to Asia by colonialists, as they examine the transformations precipitated or accelerated by the spread of photography across East and Southeast Asia. In essays resonating across theoretical, historical, and geopolitical lines, they engage with photography in China, Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand, and on the islands of Aru, Aceh, and Java in what is now Indonesia.

    The contributors analyze how in specific cultural and historical contexts, the camera has affected experiences of time and subjectivity, practices of ritual and tradition, and understandings of death. They highlight the links between photography and power, looking at how the camera has figured in the operations of colonialism, the development of nationalism, the transformation of monarchy, and the militarization of violence. Moving beyond a consideration of historical function or effect, the contributors also explore the forms of illumination and revelation for which the camera has offered itself as instrument and symbol. And they trace the emergent forms of alienation and spectralization, as well as the new kinds of fetishism, that photography has brought in its wake. Taken together, the essays chart a bravely interdisciplinary path to visual studies, one that places the particular knowledge of a historicized anthropology in a comparative frame and in conversation with aesthetics and art history.

    Contributors. James L. Hevia, Marilyn Ivy, Thomas LaMarre, Rosalind C. Morris, Nickola Pazderic, John Pemberton, Carlos Rojas, James T. Siegel, Patricia Spyer

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391821
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Nicholas Thomas, Patricia Spyer, James L. Hevia and James T. Siegel
    1. Nicholas Thomas,
    2. Patricia Spyer,
    3. James L. Hevia and
    4. James T. Siegel
    contrib-editor: Rosalind C Morris
    contrib-other: Patricia Spyer; James L. Hevia; James T. Siegel
    contrib-series-editor: Nicholas Thomas
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391821
    illustrations-note: 59 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341888
    isbn-paper: 9780822342052
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories

    Scholars of Asia, most of whom are anthropologists, examine the transformations precipitated or accelerated by the spread of photography across East and Southeast Asia.

    subtitle: The Camera and Its Histories in East and Southeast Asia
  • Photography after Photography
    Author(s): Solomon-Godeau, Abigail; Parsons, Sarah

    Presenting two decades of work by Abigail Solomon-Godeau, Photography after Photography is an inquiry into the circuits of power that shape photographic practice, criticism, and historiography. As the boundaries that separate photography from other forms of artistic production are increasingly fluid, Solomon-Godeau, a pioneering feminist and politically engaged critic, argues that the relationships between photography, culture, gender, and power demand renewed attention. In her analyses of the photographic production of Cindy Sherman, Robert Mapplethorpe, Susan Meiselas, Francesca Woodman, and others, Solomon-Godeau refigures the disciplinary object of photography by considering these practices through an examination of the determinations of genre and gender as these shape the relations between photographers, their images, and their viewers. Among her subjects are the 2006 Abu Ghraib prison photographs and the Cold War-era exhibition The Family of Man, insofar as these illustrate photography's embeddedness in social relations, viewing relations, and ideological formations.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373629
    Publication Date: 2017-04-18
    author-list-text: Abigail Solomon-Godeau
    1. Abigail Solomon-Godeau
    contrib-author: Abigail Solomon-Godeau
    contrib-editor: Sarah Parsons
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373629
    illustrations-note: 38 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362517
    isbn-paper: 9780822362661
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In essays analyzing the photography of luminaries such as Cindy Sherman, Robert Mapplethorpe, and Susan Meiselas, pioneering feminist art critic Abigail Solomon-Godeau extends her politically engaged and theoretically sophisticated inquiry into the historical and cultural circuits of power as they shape and inform the practice, criticism, and historiography of photography.

    subtitle: Gender, Genre, History
  • Photography and the Optical Unconscious
    Author(s): Smith, Shawn Michelle; Sliwinski, Sharon

    Photography is one of the principal filters through which we engage the world. The contributors to this volume focus on Walter Benjamin's concept of the optical unconscious to investigate how photography has shaped history, modernity, perception, lived experience, politics, race, and human agency. In essays that range from examinations of Benjamin's and Sigmund Freud's writings to the work of Kara Walker and Roland Barthes's famous Winter Garden photograph, the contributors explore what photography can teach us about the nature of the unconscious. They attend to side perceptions, develop latent images, discover things hidden in plain sight, focus on the disavowed, and perceive the slow. Of particular note are the ways race and colonialism have informed photography from its beginning. The volume also contains photographic portfolios by Zoe Leonard, Kelly Wood, and Kristan Horton, whose work speaks to the optical unconscious while demonstrating how photographs communicate on their own terms. The essays and portfolios in Photography and the Optical Unconscious create a collective and sustained assessment of Benjamin's influential concept, opening up new avenues for thinking about photography and the human psyche.

    Contributors. Mary Bergstein, Jonathan Fardy, Kristan Horton, Terri Kapsalis, Sarah Kofman, Elisabeth Lebovici, Zoe Leonard, Gabrielle Moser, Mignon Nixon, Thy Phu, Mark Reinhardt, Shawn Michelle Smith, Sharon Sliwinski, Laura Wexler, Kelly Wood, Andrés Mario Zervigón

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372998
    Publication Date: 2017-05-05
    contrib-editor: Shawn Michelle Smith; Sharon Sliwinski
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372998
    illustrations-note: 112 illustrations, incl. 20 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363811
    isbn-paper: 9780822369011
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    This volume's contributors use Walter Benjamin's concept of the optical unconscious to investigate how photography has shaped history, modernity, perception, lived experience, politics, race, and human agency, thereby opening up new avenues for thinking about photography and the human psyche.

  • Photography on the Color Line
    Author(s): Smith, Shawn Michelle

    Through a rich interpretation of the remarkable photographs W. E. B. Du Bois compiled for the American Negro Exhibit at the 1900 Paris Exposition, Shawn Michelle Smith reveals the visual dimension of the color line that Du Bois famously called “the problem of the twentieth century.” Du Bois’s prize-winning exhibit consisted of three albums together containing 363 black-and-white photographs, mostly of middle-class African Americans from Atlanta and other parts of Georgia. Smith provides an extensive analysis of the images, the antiracist message Du Bois conveyed by collecting and displaying them, and their connection to his critical thought. She contends that Du Bois was an early visual theorist of race and racism and demonstrates how such an understanding makes the important concepts he developed—including double consciousness, the color line, the Veil, and second sight—available to visual culture and African American studies scholars in powerful new ways.

    Smith reads Du Bois’s photographs in relation to other turn-of-the-century images such as scientific typologies, criminal mugshots, racist caricatures, and lynching photographs. By juxtaposing these images with reproductions from Du Bois’s exhibition archive, Smith shows how Du Bois deliberately challenged racist representations of African Americans. Emphasizing the importance of comparing multiple visual archives, Photography on the Color Line reinvigorates understandings of the stakes of representation and the fundamental connections between race and visual culture in the United States.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385783
    Publication Date: 2004-05-17
    author-list-text: Shawn Michelle Smith
    1. Shawn Michelle Smith
    contrib-author: Shawn Michelle Smith
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385783
    illustrations-note: 86 photographs (incl. special plate section)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333319
    isbn-paper: 9780822333432
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book

    An exploration of the visual meaning of the color line and racial politics through the analysis of archival photographs collected by W.E.B. Du Bois and exhibited at the Paris Exposition of 1900.

    subtitle: W. E. B. Du Bois, Race, and Visual Culture
  • Photography’s Other Histories
    Author(s): Pinney, Christopher; Peterson, Nicolas; Thomas, Nicholas; Driessens, Jo-Anne; Aird, Michael

    Moving the critical debate about photography away from its current Euro-American center of gravity, Photography’s Other Histories breaks with the notion that photographic history is best seen as the explosion of a Western technology advanced by the work of singular individuals. This collection presents a radically different account, describing photography as a globally disseminated and locally appropriated medium. Essays firmly grounded in photographic practice—in the actual making of pictures—suggest the extraordinary diversity of nonwestern photography.

    Richly illustrated with over 100 images, Photography’s Other Histories explores from a variety of regional, cultural, and historical perspectives the role of photography in raising historical consciousness. It includes two first-person pieces by indigenous Australians and one by a Seminole/Muskogee/Dine' artist. Some of the essays analyze representations of colonial subjects—from the limited ways Westerners have depicted Navajos to Japanese photos recording the occupation of Manchuria to the changing "contract" between Aboriginal subjects and photographers. Other essays highlight the visionary quality of much popular photography. Case studies centered in early-twentieth-century Peru and contemporary India, Kenya, and Nigeria chronicle the diverse practices that have flourished in postcolonial societies. Photography’s Other Histories recasts popular photography around the world, as not simply reproducing culture but creating it.

    Contributors. Michael Aird, Heike Behrend, Jo-Anne Driessens, James Faris, Morris Low, Nicolas Peterson, Christopher Pinney, Roslyn Poignant, Deborah Poole, Stephen Sprague, Hulleah Tsinhnahjinnie, Christopher Wright

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384717
    Publication Date: 2003-04-03
    author-list-text: Nicholas Thomas, Jo-Anne Driessens and Michael Aird
    1. Nicholas Thomas,
    2. Jo-Anne Driessens and
    3. Michael Aird
    contrib-editor: Christopher Pinney; Nicolas Peterson
    contrib-other: Jo-Anne Driessens; Michael Aird
    contrib-series-editor: Nicholas Thomas
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384717
    illustrations-note: 128 halftones, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331261
    isbn-paper: 9780822331131
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories

    A collection seeking to rethink photography as a globally disseminated and locally appropriated medium, rather than as one advanced almost exclusively through Western technology and singular photographers.

  • Pictures and Progress
    Author(s): Wallace, Maurice O.; Smith, Shawn Michelle

    Pictures and Progress explores how, during the nineteenth century and the early twentieth, prominent African American intellectuals and activists understood photography's power to shape perceptions about race and employed the new medium in their quest for social and political justice. They sought both to counter widely circulating racist imagery and to use self-representation as a means of empowerment. In this collection of essays, scholars from various disciplines consider figures including Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Ida B. Wells, Paul Laurence Dunbar, and W. E. B. Du Bois as important and innovative theorists and practitioners of photography. In addition, brief interpretive essays, or "snapshots," highlight and analyze the work of four early African American photographers. Featuring more than seventy images, Pictures and Progress brings to light the wide-ranging practices of early African American photography, as well as the effects of photography on racialized thinking.

    Contributors. Michael A. Chaney, Cheryl Finley, P. Gabrielle Foreman, Ginger Hill, Leigh Raiford, Augusta Rohrbach, Ray Sapirstein, Suzanne N. Schneider, Shawn Michelle Smith, Laura Wexler, Maurice O. Wallace

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394563
    Publication Date: 2012-06-05
    contrib-editor: Maurice O. Wallace; Shawn Michelle Smith
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394563
    illustrations-note: 71 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350675
    isbn-paper: 9780822350859
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Featuring more than seventy images, Pictures and Progress brings to light the wide-ranging practices of early African American photographers, as well as the effects of photography on racialized thinking.

    subtitle: Early Photography and the Making of African American Identity
  • Picturing American Modernity
    Author(s): Whissel, Kristen

    In Picturing American Modernity, Kristen Whissel investigates the relationship between early American cinema and the experience of technological modernity. She demonstrates how between the late 1890s and the eve of the First World War moving pictures helped the U.S. public understand the possibilities and perils of new forms of “traffic” produced by industrialization and urbanization. As more efficient ways to move people, goods, and information transformed work and leisure at home and contributed to the expansion of the U.S. empire abroad, silent films presented compelling visual representations of the spaces, bodies, machines, and forms of mobility that increasingly defined modern life in the United States and its new territories.

    Whissel shows that by portraying key events, achievements, and anxieties, the cinema invited American audiences to participate in the rapidly changing world around them. Moving pictures provided astonishing visual dispatches from military camps prior to the outbreak of fighting in the Spanish-American War. They allowed audiences to delight in images of the Pan-American Exposition, and also to mourn the assassination of President McKinley there. One early film genre, the reenactment, presented spectators with renditions of bloody battles fought overseas during the Philippine-American War. Early features offered sensational dramatizations of the scandalous “white slave trade,” which was often linked to immigration and new forms of urban work and leisure. By bringing these frequently distant events and anxieties “near” to audiences in cities and towns across the country, the cinema helped construct an American national identity for the machine age.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391456
    Publication Date: 2008-09-12
    author-list-text: Kristen Whissel
    1. Kristen Whissel
    contrib-author: Kristen Whissel
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822391456
    illustrations-note: 41 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341857
    isbn-paper: 9780822342014
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    Study of the relationship between modernity and cinema, with an emphasis on how early-20th-century films represented technology and urbanization.

    subtitle: Traffic, Technology, and the Silent Cinema
  • Picturing Imperial Power
    Author(s): Tobin, Beth Fowkes

    This study of colonialism and art examines the intersection of visual culture and political power in late-eighteenth-century British painting. Focusing on paintings from British America, the West Indies, and India, Beth Fowkes Tobin investigates the role of art in creating and maintaining imperial ideologies and practices—as well as in resisting and complicating them.

    Informed by the varied perspectives of postcolonial theory, Tobin explores through close readings of colonial artwork the dynamic middle ground in which cultures meet. Linking specific colonial sites with larger patterns of imperial practice and policy, she examines paintings by William Hogarth, Benjamin West, Gilbert Stuart, Arthur William Devis, and Agostino Brunias, among others. These works include portraits of colonial officials, conversation pieces of British families and their servants, portraits of Native Americans and Anglo-Indians, and botanical illustrations produced by Calcutta artists for officials of the British Botanic Gardens. In addition to examining the strategies that colonizers employed to dominate and define their subjects, Tobin uncovers the tactics of negotiation, accommodation, and resistance that make up the colonized’s response to imperial authority. By focusing on the paintings’ cultural and political engagement with imperialism, she accounts for their ideological power and visual effect while arguing for their significance as agents in the colonial project.

    Pointing to the complexity, variety, and contradiction within colonial art, Picturing Imperial Power contributes to an understanding of colonialism as a collection of social, economic, political, and epistemological practices that were not monolithic and inevitable, but contradictory and contingent on various historical forces. It will interest students and scholars of colonialism, imperial history, postcolonial history, art history and theory, and cultural studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397496
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Beth Fowkes Tobin
    1. Beth Fowkes Tobin
    contrib-author: Beth Fowkes Tobin
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822397496
    illustrations-note: 42 b&w illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323051
    isbn-paper: 9780822323389
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Colonial Subjects in Eighteenth-Century British Painting
  • Pikachu's Global Adventure
    Author(s): Tobin, Joseph; Buckingham, David; Sefton-Green, Julian; Allison, Anne; Iwabuchi, Koichi

    Initially developed in Japan by Nintendo as a computer game, Pokémon swept the globe in the late 1990s. Based on a narrative in which a group of children capture, train, and do battle with over a hundred imaginary creatures, Pokémon quickly diversified into an array of popular products including comic books, a TV show, movies, trading cards, stickers, toys, and clothing. Pokémon eventually became the top grossing children's product of all time. Yet the phenomenon fizzled as quickly as it had ignited. By 2002, the Pokémon craze was mostly over. Pikachu’s Global Adventure describes the spectacular, complex, and unpredictable rise and fall of Pokémon in countries around the world.

    In analyzing the popularity of Pokémon, this innovative volume addresses core debates about the globalization of popular culture and about children’s consumption of mass-produced culture. Topics explored include the origins of Pokémon in Japan’s valorization of cuteness and traditions of insect collecting and anime; the efforts of Japanese producers and American marketers to localize it for foreign markets by muting its sex, violence, moral ambiguity, and general feeling of Japaneseness; debates about children’s vulnerability versus agency as consumers; and the contentious question of Pokémon’s educational value and place in school. The contributors include teachers as well as scholars from the fields of anthropology, media studies, sociology, and education. Tracking the reception of Pokémon in Japan, the United States, Great Britain, France, and Israel, they emphasize its significance as the first Japanese cultural product to enjoy substantial worldwide success and challenge western dominance in the global production and circulation of cultural goods.

    Contributors. Anne Allison, Linda-Renée Bloch, Helen Bromley, Gilles Brougere, David Buckingham, Koichi Iwabuchi, Hirofumi Katsuno, Dafna Lemish, Jeffrey Maret, Julian Sefton-Green, Joseph Tobin, Samuel Tobin, Rebekah Willet, Christine Yano

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385813
    Publication Date: 2004-01-15
    author-list-text: David Buckingham, Julian Sefton-Green, Anne Allison and Koichi Iwabuchi
    1. David Buckingham,
    2. Julian Sefton-Green,
    3. Anne Allison and
    4. Koichi Iwabuchi
    contrib-editor: Joseph Tobin
    contrib-other: David Buckingham; Julian Sefton-Green; Anne Allison; Koichi Iwabuchi
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385813
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332503
    isbn-paper: 9780822332879
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Pokemon in a transnational and multidisciplinary perspective.

    subtitle: The Rise and Fall of Pokémon
  • Pilgram Marpeck
    Author(s): Boyd, Stephen B.

    This intellectual and social history is the first comprehensive biography of Pilgram Marpeck (c. 1495–1556), a radical reformer and lay leader of Anabaptist groups in Switzerland, Austria, and South Germany. Marpeck’s influential life and work provide a glimpse of the theologies and practices of the Roman Church and of various reform movements in sixteenth-century Europe.

    Drawing on extensive archival data documenting Marpeck’s professional life, as well as on his numerous published and unpublished writings on theology and religious reform, Stephen B. Boyd traces Marpeck’s unconventional transition from mining magistrate to Anabaptist leader, establishes his connections with various radical social and religious groups, and articulates aspects of his social theology. Marpeck’s distinctive and eclectic theology, Boyd demonstrates, focused on the need for personal, uncoerced conversion, rejected state interference in the affairs of the church, denied the need for a monastic withdrawal from the secular world, and called for the Christian’s active pursuit of justice before God and among human beings.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381655
    Publication Date: 1992-07-22
    author-list-text: Stephen B. Boyd
    1. Stephen B. Boyd
    contrib-author: Stephen B. Boyd
    copyright-year: 1992
    eisbn: 9780822381655
    isbn-cloth: 9780822311003
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Duke Monographs in Medieval and Renaissance Studies
    subtitle: His Life and Social Theology
  • Pin-Up Grrrls
    Author(s): Buszek, Maria Elena

    Subverting stereotypical images of women, a new generation of feminist artists is remaking the pin-up, much as Annie Sprinkle, Cindy Sherman, and others did in the 1970s and 1980s. As shocking as contemporary feminist pin-ups are intended to be, perhaps more surprising is that the pin-up has been appropriated by women for their own empowerment since its inception more than a century ago. Pin-Up Grrrls tells the history of the pin-up from its birth, revealing how its development is intimately connected to the history of feminism. Maria Elena Buszek documents the genre’s 150-year history with more than 100 illustrations, many never before published.

    Beginning with the pin-up’s origins in mid-nineteenth-century carte-de-visite photographs of burlesque performers, Buszek explores how female sex symbols, including Adah Isaacs Menken and Lydia Thompson, fought to exert control over their own images. Buszek analyzes the evolution of the pin-up through the advent of the New Woman, the suffrage movement, fanzine photographs of early film stars, the Varga Girl illustrations that appeared in Esquire during World War II, the early years of Playboy magazine, and the recent revival of the genre in appropriations by third-wave feminist artists. A fascinating combination of art history and cultural history, Pin-Up Grrrls is the story of how women have publicly defined and represented their sexuality since the 1860s.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387565
    Publication Date: 2006-05-10
    author-list-text: Maria Elena Buszek
    1. Maria Elena Buszek
    contrib-author: Maria Elena Buszek
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387565
    illustrations-note: 103 photographs (incl. 9 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337348
    isbn-paper: 9780822337461
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A visual history about how feminist artists have appropriated and incorporated the signification of the pin-up genre within their own work.

    subtitle: Feminism, Sexuality, Popular Culture
  • Pink Globalization
    Author(s): Yano, Christine R.

    In Pink Globalization, Christine R. Yano examines the creation and rise of Hello Kitty as a part of Japanese Cute-Cool culture. Yano argues that the international popularity of Hello Kitty is one aspect of what she calls pink globalization—the spread of goods and images labeled cute (kawaii) from Japan to other parts of the industrial world. The concept of pink globalization connects the expansion of Japanese companies to overseas markets, the enhanced distribution of Japanese products, and the rise of Japan's national cool as suggested by the spread of manga and anime. Yano analyzes the changing complex of relations and identities surrounding the global reach of Hello Kitty's cute culture, discussing the responses of both ardent fans and virulent detractors. Through interviews, Yano shows how consumers use this iconic cat to negotiate gender, nostalgia, and national identity. She demonstrates that pink globalization allows the foreign to become familiar as it brings together the intimacy of cute and the distance of cool. Hello Kitty and her entourage of marketers and consumers wink, giddily suggesting innocence, sexuality, irony, sophistication, and even sheer happiness. Yano reveals the edgy power in this wink and the ways it can overturn, or at least challenge, power structures.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395881
    Publication Date: 2013-04-01
    author-list-text: Christine R. Yano
    1. Christine R. Yano
    contrib-author: Christine R. Yano
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822395881
    illustrations-note: 16 illustrations, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353515
    isbn-paper: 9780822353638
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Tracing the global circulation and consumption of Hello Kitty, Christine R. Yano analyzes the spread of Japanese "cute-cool" culture, which she sees as combining kitsch with an ironic self-referentiality.

    subtitle: Hello Kitty’s Trek Across the Pacific
  • Pink Noises
    Author(s): Rodgers, Tara

    Pink Noises brings together twenty-four interviews with women in electronic music and sound cultures, including club and radio DJs, remixers, composers, improvisers, instrument builders, and installation and performance artists. The collection is an extension of, the critically-acclaimed website founded by musician and scholar Tara Rodgers in 2000 to promote women in electronic music and make information about music production more accessible to women and girls. That site featured interviews that Rodgers conducted with women artists, exploring their personal histories, their creative methods, and the roles of gender in their work. This book offers new and lengthier interviews, a critical introduction, and resources for further research and technological engagement.

    Contemporary electronic music practices are illuminated through the stories of women artists of different generations and cultural backgrounds. They include the creators of ambient soundscapes, “performance novels,” sound sculptures, and custom software, as well as the developer of the Deep Listening philosophy and the founders of the Liquid Sound Lounge radio show and the monthly Basement Bhangra parties in New York. These and many other artists open up about topics such as their conflicted relationships to formal music training and mainstream media representations of women in electronic music. They discuss using sound to work creatively with structures of time and space, and voice and language; challenge distinctions of nature and culture; question norms of technological practice; and balance their needs for productive solitude with collaboration and community. Whether designing and building modular synthesizers with analog circuits or performing with a wearable apparatus that translates muscle movements into electronic sound, these artists expand notions of who and what counts in matters of invention, production, and noisemaking. Pink Noises is a powerful testimony to the presence and vitality of women in electronic music cultures, and to the relevance of sound to feminist concerns.

    Interviewees: Maria Chavez, Beth Coleman (M. Singe), Antye Greie (AGF), Jeannie Hopper, Bevin Kelley (Blevin Blectum), Christina Kubisch, Le Tigre, Annea Lockwood, Giulia Loli (DJ Mutamassik), Rekha Malhotra (DJ Rekha), Riz Maslen (Neotropic), Kaffe Matthews, Susan Morabito, Ikue Mori, Pauline Oliveros, Pamela Z, Chantal Passamonte (Mira Calix), Maggi Payne, Eliane Radigue, Jessica Rylan, Carla Scaletti, Laetitia Sonami, Bev Stanton (Arthur Loves Plastic), Keiko Uenishi (o.blaat)

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394150
    Publication Date: 2010-03-02
    author-list-text: Tara Rodgers
    1. Tara Rodgers
    contrib-author: Tara Rodgers
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822394150
    illustrations-note: 38 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346616
    isbn-paper: 9780822346739
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A collection of twenty-four interviews with women in electronic music and sound cultures, including club and radio DJs, remixers, composers, improvisers, instrument builders, and performance artists.

    subtitle: Women on Electronic Music and Sound
  • Pipe Politics, Contested Waters
    Author(s): Björkman, Lisa

    Winner, 2014 Joseph W. Elder Prize in the Indian Social Sciences

    Despite Mumbai's position as India's financial, economic, and cultural capital, water is chronically unavailable for rich and poor alike. Mumbai's dry taps are puzzling, given that the city does not lack for either water or financial resources. In Pipe Politics, Contested Waters, Lisa Björkman shows how an elite dream to transform Mumbai into a "world class" business center has wreaked havoc on the city’s water pipes. In rich ethnographic detail, Pipe Politics explores how the everyday work of getting water animates and inhabits a penumbra of infrastructural activity—of business, brokerage, secondary markets, and sociopolitical networks—whose workings are reconfiguring and rescaling political authority in the city. Mumbai’s increasingly illegible and volatile hydrologies, Björkman argues, are lending infrastructures increasing political salience just as actual control over pipes and flows becomes contingent on dispersed and intimate assemblages of knowledge, power, and material authority. These new arenas of contestation reveal the illusory and precarious nature of the project to remake Mumbai in the image of Shanghai or Singapore and gesture instead toward the highly contested futures and democratic possibilities of the actually existing city.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375210
    Publication Date: 2015-09-14
    author-list-text: Lisa Björkman
    1. Lisa Björkman
    contrib-author: Lisa Björkman
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375210
    illustrations-note: 18 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359500
    isbn-paper: 9780822359692
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In Pipe Politics, Contested Waters, Lisa Björkman explores why water is chronically unavailable in Mumbai, India's economic and financial capital. She attributes water shortage to economic reforms that allowed urban development to ignore the water infrastructure, which means that in Mumbai, politics is often about water.

    subtitle: Embedded Infrastructures of Millennial Mumbai
  • Pirate Novels
    Author(s): Gerassi-Navarro, Nina

    In Pirate Novels Nina Gerassi-Navarro examines an overlooked genre to reveal how history and fiction blend to address important isuses of nation building in nineteenth-century Spanish America. In the figure of the pirate, bold and heroic to some, cruel and criminal to others, she reveals an almost ideal character that came to embody the spirit of emerging nationhood and the violence associated with the struggle to attain it.

    Beginning with an overview of the history of piracy, Gerassi-Navarro traces the historical icon of the pirate through colonial-era chronicles before exploring a group of nineteenth-century Mexican, Colombian, and Argentine novels. She argues that the authors of these novels, in their reconstructions of the past, were less interested in accurate representations than in using their narratives to discuss the future of their own countries. In reading these pirate narratives as metaphors for the process of nation building in Spanish America, Gerassi-Navarro exposes the conflicting strains of a complex culture attempting to shape that future. She shows how these pirate stories reflect the on-going debates that marked the consolidation of nationhood, as well as the extent to which the narratives of national identity in Spanish America are structured in relation to European cultures, and the ways in which questions of race and gender were addressed.

    Providing new readings of the cultural and political paradigms that marked the literary production of nineteenth-century Spanish America, Pirate Novels uniquely expands the range of texts usually examined in the study of nation-building. It will interest literary scholars generally as well as those engaged in Latin American, colonial, and postcolonial studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397618
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Nina Gerassi-Navarro
    1. Nina Gerassi-Navarro
    contrib-author: Nina Gerassi-Navarro
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822397618
    illustrations-note: 5 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323600
    isbn-paper: 9780822323938
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Fictions of Nation Building in Spanish America
  • Placing Outer Space
    Author(s): Messeri, Lisa

    In Placing Outer Space Lisa Messeri traces how the place-making practices of planetary scientists transform the void of space into a cosmos filled with worlds that can be known and explored. Making planets into places is central to the daily practices and professional identities of the astronomers, geologists, and computer scientists Messeri studies. She takes readers to the Mars Desert Research Station and a NASA research center to discuss ways scientists experience and map Mars. At a Chilean observatory and in MIT's labs she describes how they discover exoplanets and envision what it would be like to inhabit them. Today’s planetary science reveals the universe as densely inhabited by evocative worlds, which in turn tells us more about Earth, ourselves, and our place in the universe.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373919
    Publication Date: 2016-08-19
    author-list-text: Lisa Messeri
    1. Lisa Messeri
    contrib-author: Lisa Messeri
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373919
    illustrations-note: 38 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361879
    isbn-paper: 9780822362036
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Experimental Futures

    Lisa Messeri traces how planetary scientists—whether working in the Utah desert, a Chilean observatory, or the labs of MIT—transform celestial bodies into places in order to understand the universe as densely inhabited by planets, in turn telling us more about Earth, ourselves, and our place in the cosmos.

    subtitle: An Earthly Ethnography of Other Worlds

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