Browse by Title : O

  • Obeah and Other Powers
    Author(s): Paton, Diana; Forde, Maarit
    Abstract:

    In Obeah and Other Powers, historians and anthropologists consider how marginalized spiritual traditions—such as obeah, Vodou, and Santería—have been understood and represented across the Caribbean since the seventeenth century. In essays focused on Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, and the wider Anglophone Caribbean, the contributors explore the fields of power within which Caribbean religions have been produced, modified, appropriated, and policed. The "other powers" of the book's title have helped to shape, or attempted to curtail, Caribbean religions and healing practices. These powers include those of capital and colonialism; of states that criminalize some practices and legitimize others; of occupying armies that rewrite constitutions and reorient economies; of writers, filmmakers, and scholars who represent Caribbean practices both to those with little knowledge of the region and to those who live there; and, not least, of the millions of people in the Caribbean whose relationships with one another, as well as with capital and the state, have long been mediated and experienced through religious formations and discourses.

    Contributors. Kenneth Bilby, Erna Brodber, Alejandra Bronfman, Elizabeth Cooper, Maarit Forde, Stephan Palmié, Diana Paton, Alasdair Pettinger, Lara Putnam, Karen Richman, Raquel Romberg, John Savage, Katherine Smith

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394839
    Publication Date: 2012-04-13
    author-list-text: Diana Paton
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Diana Paton
    contrib-editor: Diana Paton; Maarit Forde
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394839
    illustrations-note: 9 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351245
    isbn-paper: 9780822351337
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This collection looks at Caribbean religious history from the late 18th century to the present including obeah, vodou, santeria, candomble, and brujeria. The contributors examine how these religions have been affected by many forces including colonialism, law, race, gender, class, state power, media represenation, and the academy.

    subtitle: The Politics of Caribbean Religion and Healing
  • Object Lessons
    Author(s): Wiegman, Robyn
    Abstract:

    No concept has been more central to the emergence and evolution of identity studies than social justice. In historical and theoretical accounts, it crystallizes the progressive politics that have shaped the academic study of race, gender, and sexuality. Yet few scholars have deliberated directly on the political agency that notions of justice confer on critical practice. In Object Lessons, Robyn Wiegman contemplates this lack of attention, offering the first sustained inquiry into the political desire that galvanizes identity fields. In each chapter, she examines a key debate by considering the political aspirations that shape it. Addressing Women's Studies, she traces the ways that "gender" promises to overcome the exclusions of "women." Turning to Ethnic Studies, she examines the deconstruction of "whiteness" as an antiracist methodology. As she explores American Studies, she links internationalization to the broader quest for noncomplicity in contemporary criticism. Her analysis of Queer Studies demonstrates how the commitment to antinormativity normalizes the field. In the penultimate chapter, Wiegman addresses intersectionality as the most coveted theoretical approach to political resolution in all of these fields.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394945
    Publication Date: 2012-01-11
    author-list-text: Robyn Wiegman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Robyn Wiegman
    contrib-author: Robyn Wiegman
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394945
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351467
    isbn-paper: 9780822351603
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Next wave
    short-abstract:

    A passionate advocate of identity studies and a keen reader of U.S. institutional politics, Robyn Wiegman turns her attention in Object Lessons to the critical practices and political ambitions of identity-based fields. In a series of case studies drawn from women s studies, queer studies, ethnic studies, and American studies, she examines the unspoken belief that better theory will produce progressive social change in order to consider the political desire that fuels current scholarly debate. Her metacritical analysis is neither a defense nor a dismissal of such political commitment but a sustained inquiry into the hope it generates, the thinking it inspires, and the conformity it inadvertently demands.

    subtitle:
  • Obscene Things
    Author(s): Ding, Naifei
    Abstract:

    In Obscene Things Naifei Ding intervenes in conventional readings of Jin Ping Mei, an early scandalous Chinese novel of sexuality and sexual culture. After first appearing around 1590, Jin Ping Mei was circulated among some of China’s best known writers of the time and subsequently was published in three major recensions. A 1695 version by Zhang Zhupo became the most widely read and it is this text in particular on which Ding focuses. Challenging the preconceptions of earlier scholarship, she highlights the fundamental misogyny inherent in Jin Ping Mei and demonstrates how traditional biases—particularly masculine biases—continue to inform the concerns of modern criticism and sexual politics.

    The story of a seductive bondmaid-concubine, sexual opportunism, domestic intrigue, adultery and death, Jin Ping Mei has often been critiqued based on the coherence of the text itself. Concentrating instead on the processes of reading and on the social meaning of this novel, Ding looks at the various ways the tale has been received since its first dissemination, particularly by critiquing the interpretations offered by seventeenth-century Ming literati and by twentieth-century scholars. Confronting the gender politics of this “pornographic” text, she troubles the boundaries between premodern and modern readings by engaging residual and emergent Chinese gender and hierarchic ideologies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383444
    Publication Date: 2002-06-27
    author-list-text: Naifei Ding
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Naifei Ding
    contrib-author: Naifei Ding
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383444
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329015
    isbn-paper: 9780822329169
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Study of the gender politics of reading the Jing Ping Mei, a premodern Chinese pornographic novel.

    subtitle: Sexual Politics in Jin Ping Mei
  • Obstruction
    Author(s): Salvato, Nick
    Abstract:

    Can a bout of laziness or a digressive spell actually open up paths to creativity and unexpected insights? In Obstruction Nick Salvato suggests that for those engaged in scholarly pursuits laziness, digressiveness, and related experiences can be paradoxically generative. Rather than being dismissed as hindrances, these obstructions are to be embraced, clung to, and reoriented. Analyzing an eclectic range of texts and figures, from the Greek Cynics and Denis Diderot to Dean Martin and the Web series Drunk History, Salvato finds value in five obstructions: embarrassment, laziness, slowness, cynicism, and digressiveness. Whether listening to Tori Amos's music as a way to think about embarrassment, linking the MTV series Daria to using cynicism to negotiate higher education's corporatized climate, or examining the affect of slowness in Kelly Reichardt's films, Salvato expands our conceptions of each obstruction and shows ways to transform them into useful provocations. With a unique, literary, and self-reflexive voice, Salvato demonstrates the importance of these debased obstructions and shows how they may support alternative modes of intellectual activity. In doing so, he impels us to rethink the very meanings of thinking, work, and value. 

     

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374473
    Publication Date: 2016-03-11
    author-list-text: Nick Salvato
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nick Salvato
    contrib-author: Nick Salvato
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374473
    illustrations-note: 19 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360841
    isbn-paper: 9780822360988
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Drawing on an eclectic range of texts and figures, from the Greek Cynics to Tori Amos, Nick Salvato finds that embarrassment, laziness, slowness, cynicism, and digressiveness can paradoxically enable alternative modes of intellectual production.

     

    subtitle:
  • Odd Couples
    Author(s): Muraco, Anna
    Abstract:

    Odd Couples examines friendships between gay men and straight women, and also between lesbians and straight men, and shows how these "intersectional" friendships serve as a barometer for shifting social norms, particularly regarding gender and sexual orientation. Based on author Anna Muraco's interviews, the work challenges two widespread assumptions: that men and women are fundamentally different and that men and women can only forge significant bonds within romantic relationships. Intersectional friendships challenge a variety of social norms, Muraco says, including the limited roles that men and women are expected to play in one another's lives. Each chapter uses these boundary-crossing relationships to highlight how key social constructs such as family, politics, gender, and sexuality shape everyday interactions. Friendship itself—whether intersectional or not—becomes the center of the analysis, taking its place as an important influence on the social behavior of adults.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395119
    Publication Date: 2012-04-23
    author-list-text: Anna Muraco
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Anna Muraco
    contrib-author: Anna Muraco
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395119
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351771
    isbn-paper: 9780822351924
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Muraco studies friendships between straight women and gay men and straight men and lesbians to consider how their relationships both challenge and reinforce conventional notions of sexuality and gender. Based on in-depth interviews, the book considers how people experience gender and sex roles differently within these intersectional relationships.

    subtitle: Friendships at the Intersection of Gender and Sexual Orientation
  • Odd Tribes
    Author(s): Hartigan Jr., John
    Abstract:

    Odd Tribes challenges theories of whiteness and critical race studies by examining the tangles of privilege, debasement, power, and stigma that constitute white identity. Considering the relation of phantasmatic cultural forms such as the racial stereotype “white trash” to the actual social conditions of poor whites, John Hartigan Jr. generates new insights into the ways that race, class, and gender are fundamentally interconnected. By tracing the historical interplay of stereotypes, popular cultural representations, and the social sciences’ objectifications of poverty, Hartigan demonstrates how constructions of whiteness continually depend on the vigilant maintenance of class and gender decorums.

    Odd Tribes engages debates in history, anthropology, sociology, and cultural studies over how race matters. Hartigan tracks the spread of “white trash” from an epithet used only in the South prior to the Civil War to one invoked throughout the country by the early twentieth century. He also recounts how the cultural figure of “white trash” influenced academic and popular writings on the urban poor from the 1880s through the 1990s. Hartigan’s critical reading of the historical uses of degrading images of poor whites to ratify lines of color in this country culminates in an analysis of how contemporary performers such as Eminem and Roseanne Barr challenge stereotypical representations of “white trash” by claiming the identity as their own. Odd Tribes presents a compelling vision of what cultural studies can be when diverse research methodologies and conceptual frameworks are brought to bear on pressing social issues.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387206
    Publication Date: 2005-10-24
    author-list-text: John Hartigan Jr.
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. John Hartigan Jr.
    contrib-author: John Hartigan Jr.
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387206
    illustrations-note: 3 photos, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335849
    isbn-paper: 9780822335979
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnographic and theoretical account of the construction of whiteness through the study of the lives of white working class Americans.

    subtitle: Toward a Cultural Analysis of White People
  • Of Gardens and Graves
    Author(s): Kaul, Suvir; Dar, Javed
    Abstract:

    In Of Gardens and Graves Suvir Kaul examines the disruption of everyday life in Kashmir in the years following the region's pervasive militarization in 1990. Kaul's autobiographical and analytical essays, which were prompted by his yearly visits to Kashmir, are a combination of political analysis, literary criticism, memoir, and journalistic observation. In them he explores Kashmir's pre- and post-Partition history, the effects of militarization, state repression, the suspension of civil rights on Kashmiris, and the challenge Kashmir represents to the practice of democracy in India. The volume also features translations of Kashmiri poetry written in these years of conflict. These poems constitute an archive of heightened feelings and desires that affectively interrogate official accounts of Kashmir while telling us much about those who face extraordinary political turbulence and violence. Of Gardens and Graves also contains a photo essay by Javed Dar, whose photographs work together with Kaul's essays and the poems to represent the interweaving of ordinary life, civic strife, and spectacular violence in Kashmir.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373506
    Publication Date: 2017-01-13
    author-list-text: Suvir Kaul and Javed Dar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Suvir Kaul and
    2. Javed Dar
    contrib-author: Suvir Kaul
    contrib-other: Javed Dar
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373506
    illustrations-note: 30 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362784
    isbn-paper: 9780822362890
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Combining personal reflection, political analysis, and literary criticism with memoir and journalistic observation, Suvir Kaul examines the textures of everyday life in Kashmir in the years following the region's pervasive militarization in 1990. Of Gardens and Graves also includes contemporary Kashmiri poetry and a photo-essay by Javed Dar.

    subtitle: Kashmir, Poetry, Politics
  • Omens of Adversity
    Author(s): Scott, David
    Abstract:

    Omens of Adversity is a profound critique of the experience of postcolonial, postsocialist temporality. The case study at its core is the demise of the Grenada Revolution (1979–1983), and the repercussions of its collapse. In the Anglophone Caribbean, the Grenada Revolution represented both the possibility of a break from colonial and neocolonial oppression, and hope for egalitarian change and social and political justice. The Revolution's collapse in 1983 was devastating to a revolutionary generation. In hindsight, its demise signaled the end of an era of revolutionary socialist possibility. Omens of Adversity is not a history of the Revolution or its fallout. Instead, by examining related texts and phenomena, David Scott engages with broader, enduring issues of political action and tragedy, generations and memory, liberalism and transitional justice, and the possibility of forgiveness. Ultimately, Scott argues that the palpable sense of the neoliberal present as time stalled, without hope for emancipatory futures, has had far-reaching effects on how we think about the nature of political action and justice.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377023
    Publication Date: 2013-12-18
    author-list-text: David Scott
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. David Scott
    contrib-author: David Scott
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822377023
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356066
    isbn-paper: 9780822356219
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Omens of Adversity is a profound critique of postcolonial temporality. David Scott argues that the palpable sense of the present as time stalled, without hope for emancipatory futures, has had far-reaching effects on how we think about justice and the nature of political action.

    subtitle: Tragedy, Time, Memory, Justice
  • On Being Included
    Author(s): Ahmed, Sara
    Abstract:

    What does diversity do? What are we doing when we use the language of diversity? Sara Ahmed offers an account of the diversity world based on interviews with diversity practitioners in higher education, as well as her own experience of doing diversity work. Diversity is an ordinary, even unremarkable, feature of institutional life. Yet diversity practitioners often experience institutions as resistant to their work, as captured through their use of the metaphor of the "brick wall." On Being Included offers an explanation of this apparent paradox. It explores the gap between symbolic commitments to diversity and the experience of those who embody diversity. Commitments to diversity are understood as "non-performatives" that do not bring about what they name. The book provides an account of institutional whiteness and shows how racism can be obscured by the institutionalization of diversity. Diversity is used as evidence that institutions do not have a problem with racism. On Being Included offers a critique of what happens when diversity is offered as a solution. It also shows how diversity workers generate knowledge of institutions in attempting to transform them.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395324
    Publication Date: 2012-03-28
    author-list-text: Sara Ahmed
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sara Ahmed
    contrib-author: Sara Ahmed
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395324
    illustrations-note: 3 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352211
    isbn-paper: 9780822352365
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Ahmed argues that a commitment to diversity is frequently substituted for a commitment to actual change. She traces the work that diversity does, examining how the term is used and the way it serves to make questions about racism seem impertinent. Her study is based in universities and her research is primarily in the UK and Australia, but the argument is equally valid in North America and beyond.

    subtitle: Racism and Diversity in Institutional Life
  • On Longing
    Author(s): Stewart, Susan
    Abstract:

    Miniature books, eighteenth-century novels, Tom Thumb weddings, tall tales, and objects of tourism and nostalgia: this diverse group of cultural forms is the subject of On Longing, a fascinating analysis of the ways in which everyday objects are narrated to animate or realize certain versions of the world. Originally published in 1984 (Johns Hopkins University Press), and now available in paperback for the first time, this highly original book draws on insights from semiotics and from psychoanalytic, feminist, and Marxist criticism. Addressing the relations of language to experience, the body to scale, and narratives to objects, Susan Stewart looks at the "miniature" as a metaphor for interiority and at the "gigantic" as an exaggeration of aspects of the exterior. In the final part of her essay Stewart examines the ways in which the "souvenir" and the "collection" are objects mediating experience in time and space.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378563
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: Susan Stewart
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Susan Stewart
    contrib-author: Susan Stewart
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822378563
    illustrations-note: 12 illustrations
    isbn-paper: 9780822313663
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Narratives of the Miniature, the Gigantic, the Souvenir, the Collection
  • On Reason
    Author(s): Eze, Emmanuel Chukwudi
    Abstract:

    Given that Enlightenment rationality developed in Europe as European nations aggressively claimed other parts of the world for their own enrichment, scholars have made rationality the subject of postcolonial critique, questioning its universality and objectivity. In On Reason, the late philosopher Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze demonstrates that rationality, and by extension philosophy, need not be renounced as manifestations or tools of Western imperialism. Examining reason in connection to the politics of difference—the cluster of issues known variously as cultural diversity, political correctness, the culture wars, and identity politics—Eze expounds a rigorous argument that reason is produced through and because of difference. In so doing, he preserves reason as a human property while at the same time showing that it cannot be thought outside the realities of cultural diversity. Advocating rationality in a multicultural world, he proposes new ways of affirming both identity and difference.

    Eze draws on an extraordinary command of Western philosophical thought and a deep knowledge of African philosophy and cultural traditions. He explores models of rationality in the thought of philosophers from Aristotle, René Descartes, Francis Bacon, and Thomas Hobbes to Noam Chomsky, Richard Rorty, Hilary Putnam, and Jacques Derrida, and he considers portrayals of reason in the work of the African thinkers and novelists Chinua Achebe, Ngugi wa Thiong’o, and Wole Soyinka. Eze reflects on contemporary thought about genetics, race, and postcolonial historiography as well as on the interplay between reason and unreason in the hearings of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission. He contends that while rationality may have a foundational formality, any understanding of its foundation and form is dynamic, always based in historical and cultural circumstances.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388777
    Publication Date: 2008-06-13
    author-list-text: Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze
    contrib-author: Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388777
    illustrations-note: 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341789
    isbn-paper: 9780822341956
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A philosophical argument that rationality is based on, or produced from, difference, and is not only worth retaining but necessary in a culturally diverse world.

    subtitle: Rationality in a World of Cultural Conflict and Racism
  • On The Wire
    Author(s): Williams, Linda
    Abstract:

    Many television critics, legions of fans, even the president of the United States, have cited The Wire as the best television series ever. In this sophisticated examination of the HBO serial drama that aired from 2002 until 2008, Linda Williams, a leading film scholar and authority on the interplay between film, melodrama, and issues of race, suggests what exactly it is that makes The Wire so good. She argues that while the series is a powerful exploration of urban dysfunction and institutional failure, its narrative power derives from its genre. The Wire is popular melodrama, not Greek tragedy, as critics and the series creator David Simon have claimed. Entertaining, addictive, funny, and despairing all at once, it is a serial melodrama grounded in observation of Baltimore's people and institutions: of cops and criminals, schools and blue-collar labor, local government and local journalism. The Wire transforms close observation into an unparalleled melodrama by juxtaposing the good and evil of individuals with the good and evil of institutions.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376446
    Publication Date: 2014-08-13
    author-list-text: Linda Williams
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Linda Williams
    contrib-author: Linda Williams
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376446
    illustrations-note: 60 color illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357063
    isbn-paper: 9780822357179
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Spin Offs
    short-abstract:

    In this sophisticated examination of the HBO serial drama that aired from 2002 until 2008, Linda Williams, a leading film scholar and authority on the interplay between film, melodrama, and issues of race, suggests what exactly it is that makes The Wire so good. She argues that its narrative power derives from its genre, popular melodrama.

    subtitle:
  • On Violence
    Author(s): Lawrence, Bruce B.; Karim, Aisha
    Abstract:

    This anthology brings together classic perspectives on violence, putting into productive conversation the thought of well-known theorists and activists, including Hannah Arendt, Karl Marx, G. W. F. Hegel, Osama bin Laden, Sigmund Freud, Frantz Fanon, Thomas Hobbes, and Pierre Bourdieu. The volume proceeds from the editors’ contention that violence is always historically contingent; it must be contextualized to be understood. They argue that violence is a process rather than a discrete product. It is intrinsic to the human condition, an inescapable fact of life that can be channeled and reckoned with but never completely suppressed. Above all, they seek to illuminate the relationship between action and knowledge about violence, and to examine how one might speak about violence without replicating or perpetuating it.

    On Violence is divided into five sections. Underscoring the connection between violence and economic world orders, the first section explores the dialectical relationship between domination and subordination. The second section brings together pieces by political actors who spoke about the tension between violence and nonviolence—Gandhi, Hitler, and Malcolm X—and by critics who have commented on that tension. The third grouping examines institutional faces of violence—familial, legal, and religious—while the fourth reflects on state violence. With a focus on issues of representation, the final section includes pieces on the relationship between violence and art, stories, and the media. The editors’ introduction to each section highlights the significant theoretical points raised and the interconnections between the essays. Brief introductions to individual selections provide information about the authors and their particular contributions to theories of violence.

    With selections by: Hannah Arendt, Walter Benjamin, Osama bin Laden, Pierre Bourdieu, André Breton, James Cone, Robert M. Cover, Gilles Deleuze, Friedrich Engels, Frantz Fanon, Michel Foucault, Sigmund Freud, Mohandas Gandhi, René Girard, Linda Gordon, Antonio Gramsci, Félix Guattari, G. W. F. Hegel, Adolf Hitler, Thomas Hobbes, Bruce B. Lawrence, Elliott Leyton, Catharine MacKinnon, Malcolm X, Dorothy Martin, Karl Marx, Chandra Muzaffar, James C. Scott, Kristine Stiles, Michael Taussig, Leon Trotsky, Simone Weil, Sharon Welch, Raymond Williams

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390169
    Publication Date: 2007-11-15
    contrib-editor: Bruce B. Lawrence; Aisha Karim
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390169
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337560
    isbn-paper: 9780822337690
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An interdisciplinary collection of primary texts on the subject of violence, from Freud to Gramsci to Foucault, from Ghandi to Osama bin Laden. The editors' introductions frame the texts within questions of how violence is generated and perpetuated in so

    subtitle: A Reader
  • One and Five Ideas
    Author(s): Smith, Terry; Bailey, Robert
    Abstract:

    In One and Five Ideas eminent critic, historian, and former member of the Art & Language collective Terry Smith explores the artistic, philosophical, political, and geographical dimensions of Conceptual Art and conceptualism. These four essays and a conversation with Mary Kelly—published between 1974 and 2012—contain Smith's most essential work on Conceptual Art and his argument that conceptualism was key to the historical transition from modern to contemporary art. Nothing less than a distinctive theory of Conceptual and contemporary art, One and Five Ideas showcases the critical voice of one of the major art theorists of our time.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374329
    Publication Date: 2016-12-16
    author-list-text: Terry Smith
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Terry Smith
    contrib-author: Terry Smith
    contrib-editor: Robert Bailey
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822374329
    illustrations-note: 50 illustrations, incl. 8 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361121
    isbn-paper: 9780822361312
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The eminent critic, historian, and former member of the Art & Language collective Terry Smith explores the artistic, philosophical, political, and geographical dimensions of conceptual art and conceptualism while offering a theory of contemporary art.

    subtitle: On Conceptual Art and Conceptualism
  • One Night on TV Is Worth Weeks at the Paramount
    Author(s): Forman, Murray
    Abstract:

    Elvis Presley's television debut in January 1956 is often cited as the moment when popular music and television came together. Murray Forman challenges that contention, revealing popular music as crucial to television years before Presley's sensational small-screen performances. Drawing on trade and popular journalism, internal television and music industry documents, and records of audience feedback, Forman provides a detailed history of the incorporation of musical performances into TV programming during the medium's formative years, from 1948 to 1955. He examines how executives in the music and television industries understood and responded to the convergence of the two media; how celebrity musicians such as Vaughn Monroe, Frank Sinatra, and Fred Waring struggled to adjust to television; and how relative unknowns with an intuitive feel for the medium were sometimes catapulted to stardom. Forman argues that early television production influenced the aesthetics of musical performance in the 1940s and 1950s, particularly those of emerging musical styles such as rock and roll. At the same time, popular music helped to shape the nascent medium of television—its technologies, program formats, and industry structures. Popular music performances were essential to the allure and success of TV in its early years.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394181
    Publication Date: 2012-07-02
    author-list-text: Murray Forman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Murray Forman
    contrib-author: Murray Forman
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394181
    illustrations-note: 29 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349983
    isbn-paper: 9780822350118
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Console-ing passions: television and cultural power
    short-abstract:

    Musical performance has been a part of television since the introduction of the medium. The styles and production requirements of music and of television have long influenced the other. Murray Forman gives the history of this interaction, going back to the early years of television, before the broadcast networks, up through the late fifties. He explores the full range of popular music from show tunes to Latin in a wide variety of television programs, and shows how the standards of presentation and performance developed.

    subtitle: Popular Music on Early Television
  • Online a Lot of the Time
    Author(s): Hillis, Ken
    Abstract:

    A wedding ceremony in a Web-based virtual world. Online memorials commemorating the dead. A coffee klatch attended by persons thousands of miles apart via webcams. These are just a few of the ritual practices that have developed and are emerging in online settings. Such Web-based rituals depend on the merging of two modes of communication often held distinct by scholars: the use of a device or mechanism to transmit messages between people across space, and a ritual gathering of people in the same place for the performance of activities intended to generate, maintain, repair, and renew social relations. In Online a Lot of the Time, Ken Hillis explores the stakes when rituals that would formerly have required participants to gather in one physical space are reformulated for the Web. In so doing, he develops a theory of how ritual, fetish, and signification translate to online environments and offer new forms of visual and spatial interaction. The online environments Hillis examines reflect the dynamic contradictions at the core of identity and the ways these contradictions get signified.

    Hillis analyzes forms of ritual and fetishism made possible through second-generation virtual environments such as Second Life and the popular practice of using webcams to “lifecast” one’s life online twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. Discussing how people create and identify with their electronic avatars, he shows how the customs of virtual-world chat reinforce modern consumer-based subjectivities, allowing individuals to both identify with and distance themselves from their characters. His consideration of web-cam cultures links the ritual of exposing one’s life online to a politics of visibility. Hillis argues that these new “rituals of transmission” are compelling because they provide a seemingly material trace of the actual person on the other side of the interface.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392224
    Publication Date: 2009-05-06
    author-list-text: Ken Hillis
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ken Hillis
    contrib-author: Ken Hillis
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392224
    illustrations-note: 11 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344346
    isbn-paper: 9780822344483
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    A theorization of how rituals that would formerly have required participants to gather in one physical space are reformulated for the Web.

    subtitle: Ritual, Fetish, Sign
  • Only One Place of Redress
    Author(s): Bernstein, David E.; Devins, Neal; Graber, Mark A.
    Abstract:

    In Only One Place of Redress David E. Bernstein offers a bold reinterpretation of American legal history: he argues that American labor and occupational laws, enacted by state and federal governments after the Civil War and into the twentieth century, benefited dominant groups in society to the detriment of those who lacked political power. Both intentionally and incidentally, claims Bernstein, these laws restricted in particular the job mobility and economic opportunity of blacks.

    A pioneer in applying the insights of public choice theory to legal history, Bernstein contends that the much-maligned jurisprudence of the Lochner era—with its emphasis on freedom of contract and private market ordering—actually discouraged discrimination and assisted groups with little political clout. To support this thesis he examines the motivation behind and practical impact of laws restricting interstate labor recruitment, occupational licensing laws, railroad labor laws, minimum wage statutes, the Davis-Bacon Act, and New Deal collective bargaining. He concludes that the ultimate failure of Lochnerism—and the triumph of the regulatory state—not only strengthened racially exclusive labor unions but contributed to a massive loss of employment opportunities for African Americans, the effects of which continue to this day.

    Scholars and students interested in race relations, labor law, and legal

    or constitutional history will be fascinated by Bernstein’s daring—and controversial—argument.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383055
    Publication Date: 2000-12-28
    author-list-text: David E. Bernstein, Neal Devins and Mark A. Graber
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. David E. Bernstein,
    2. Neal Devins and
    3. Mark A. Graber
    contrib-author: David E. Bernstein
    contrib-series-editor: Neal Devins; Mark A. Graber
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383055
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325833
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Constitutional Conflicts
    short-abstract:

    Focuses on the role facially-neutral labor regulations played in institutionalizing discrimination against African Americans in the period between Reconstruction and the civil rights era.

    subtitle: African Americans, Labor Regulations, and the Courts from Reconstruction to the New Deal
  • Only the Road / Solo el Camino
    Author(s): Randall, Margaret; Randall, Margaret
    Abstract:

    Featuring the work of more than fifty poets writing across the last eight decades, Only the Road / Solo el Camino is the most complete bilingual anthology of Cuban poetry available to an English readership. It is distinguished by its stylistic breadth and the diversity of its contributors, who come from throughout Cuba and its diaspora and include luminaries, lesser-known voices, and several Afro-Cuban and LGBTQ poets. Nearly half of the poets in the collection are women. Only the Road paints a full and dynamic picture of modern Cuban life and poetry, highlighting their unique features and idiosyncrasies, the changes across generations, and the ebbs and flows between repression and freedom following the Revolution. Poet Margaret Randall, who translated each poem, contributes extensive biographical notes for each poet and a historical introduction to twentieth-century Cuban poetry. 

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373858
    Publication Date: 2016-09-23
    author-list-text: Margaret Randall
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Margaret Randall
    contrib-editor: Margaret Randall
    contrib-translator: Margaret Randall
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373858
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362081
    isbn-paper: 9780822362296
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Covering eight decades and featuring the work of over fifty poets from diverse backgrounds born between 1902 and 1981, Only the Road / Solo el Camino is the most complete bilingual anthology of Cuban poetry available to an English readership.

    subtitle: Eight Decades of Cuban Poetry
  • Ontology of Production
    Author(s): Nishida, Kitarō; Haver, William; Harootunian, Harry
    Abstract:

    Ontology of Production presents three essays by the influential Japanese philosopher Nishida Kitarō (1870–1945), translated for the first time into English by William Haver. While previous translations of his writings have framed Nishida within Asian or Oriental philosophical traditions, Haver's introduction and approach to the texts rightly situate the work within Nishida's own commitment to Western philosophy. In particular, Haver focuses on Nishida's sustained and rigorous engagement with Marx's conception of production.

    Agreeing with Marx that ontology is production and production is ontology, Nishida in these three essays—"Expressive Activity" (1925), "The Standpoint of Active Intuition" (1935), and "Human Being" (1938)—addresses sense and reason, language and thought, intuition and appropriation, ultimately arguing that in this concept of production, ideality and materiality are neither mutually exclusive nor oppositional but, rather, coimmanent. Nishida's forceful articulation of the radical nature of Marx's theory of production is, Haver contends, particularly timely in today's speculation-driven global economy. Nishida's reading of Marx, which points to the inseparability of immaterial intellectual labor and material manual labor, provokes a reconsideration of Marxism's utility for making sense of—and resisting—the logic of contemporary capitalism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394983
    Publication Date: 2012-02-15
    author-list-text: Kitarō Nishida and William Haver
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kitarō Nishida and
    2. William Haver
    contrib-author: Kitarō Nishida
    contrib-editor: Harry Harootunian
    contrib-translator: William Haver
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394983
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351641
    isbn-paper: 9780822351801
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific
    short-abstract:

    Nishida KitarM (1870–1945) was a Japanese philosopher, and the founder of what has been called the Kyoto School of philosophy. Havor has selected these three essays for translation because they will be politically and philosophically useful for contemporary theorists. The essays examine philosophical issues concerning the concepts of poesis and praxis relevant to Marx s ideas of production.

    subtitle: Three Essays
  • Ontopower
    Author(s): Massumi, Brian
    Abstract:

    Color coded terror alerts, invasion, drone war, rampant surveillance: all manifestations of the type of new power Brian Massumi theorizes in Ontopower. Through an in-depth examination of the War on Terror and the culture of crisis, Massumi identifies the emergence of preemption, which he characterizes as the operative logic of our time. Security threats, regardless of the existence of credible intelligence, are now felt into reality. Whereas nations once waited for a clear and present danger to emerge before using force, a threat's felt reality now demands launching a preemptive strike. Power refocuses on what may emerge, as that potential presents itself to feeling. This affective logic of potential washes back from the war front to become the dominant mode of power on the home front as well. This is ontopower—the mode of power embodying the logic of preemption across the full spectrum of force, from the “hard” (military intervention) to the "soft" (surveillance). With Ontopower, Massumi provides an original theory of power that explains not only current practices of war but the culture of insecurity permeating our contemporary neoliberal condition.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375197
    Publication Date: 2015-08-12
    author-list-text: Brian Massumi
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Brian Massumi
    contrib-author: Brian Massumi
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375197
    illustrations-note: 1 illustration
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359524
    isbn-paper: 9780822359951
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In this original theory of power, Brian Massumi explains how the logic of preemption governs U.S. military policy in the War on Terror and how that logic spills over from the war front to the home front. Threats are now felt into reality and power refocuses on what may emerge. The mode of power embodying the logic of preemption is ontopower.

    subtitle: War, Powers, and the State of Perception
  • Ordinary Affects
    Author(s): Stewart, Kathleen
    Abstract:

    Ordinary Affects is a singular argument for attention to the affective dimensions of everyday life and the potential that animates the ordinary. Known for her focus on the poetics and politics of language and landscape, the anthropologist Kathleen Stewart ponders how ordinary impacts create the subject as a capacity to affect and be affected. In a series of brief vignettes combining storytelling, close ethnographic detail, and critical analysis, Stewart relates the intensities and banalities of common experiences and strange encounters, half-spied scenes and the lingering resonance of passing events. While most of the instances rendered are from Stewart’s own life, she writes in the third person in order to reflect on how intimate experiences of emotion, the body, other people, and time inextricably link us to the outside world.

    Stewart refrains from positing an overarching system—whether it’s called globalization or neoliberalism or capitalism—to describe the ways that economic, political, and social forces shape individual lives. Instead, she begins with the disparate, fragmented, and seemingly inconsequential experiences of everyday life to bring attention to the ordinary as an integral site of cultural politics. Ordinary affect, she insists, is registered in its particularities, yet it connects people and creates common experiences that shape public feeling. Through this anecdotal history—one that poetically ponders the extremes of the ordinary and portrays the dense network of social and personal connections that constitute a life—Stewart asserts the necessity of attending to the fleeting and changeable aspects of existence in order to recognize the complex personal and social dynamics of the political world.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390404
    Publication Date: 2007-08-30
    author-list-text: Kathleen Stewart
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kathleen Stewart
    contrib-author: Kathleen Stewart
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390404
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340881
    isbn-paper: 9780822341079
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A creatively written ethnography tracking between intimate, everyday feeling and larger collective cultural forces in the contemporary U.S.

    subtitle:
  • Ordinary Genomes
    Author(s): Taussig, Karen-Sue; Fischer, Michael M. J.; Dumit, Joseph
    Abstract:

    Ordinary Genomes is an ethnography of genomics, a global scientific enterprise, as it is understood and practiced in the Netherlands. Karen-Sue Taussig’s analysis of the Dutch case illustrates how scientific knowledge and culture are entwined: Genetics may transform society, but society also transforms genetics. Taussig traces the experiences of Dutch people as they encounter genetics in research labs, clinics, the media, and everyday life. Through vivid descriptions of specific diagnostic processes, she illuminates the open and evolving nature of genetic categories, the ways that abnormal genetic diagnoses are normalized, and the ways that race, ethnicity, gender, and religion inform diagnoses. Taussig contends that in the Netherlands ideas about genetics are shaped by the desire for ordinariness and the commitment to tolerance, two highly-valued yet sometimes contradictory Dutch social ideals, as well as by Dutch history and concerns about immigration and European unification. She argues that the Dutch enable a social ideal of tolerance by demarcating and containing difference so as to minimize its social threat. It is within this particular construction of tolerance that the Dutch manage the meaning of genetic difference.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391036
    Publication Date: 2009-09-02
    author-list-text: Karen-Sue Taussig, Michael M. J. Fischer and Joseph Dumit
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Karen-Sue Taussig,
    2. Michael M. J. Fischer and
    3. Joseph Dumit
    contrib-author: Karen-Sue Taussig
    contrib-series-editor: Michael M. J. Fischer; Joseph Dumit
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391036
    illustrations-note: 9 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345169
    isbn-paper: 9780822345343
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Experimental futures : technological lives, scientific arts, anthropological voices
    short-abstract:

    Explores the mutually constructive relationship between increasing scientific knowledge of human genetics and cultural identity through a case study of the development and reception of genomics in the Netherlands.

    subtitle: Science, Citizenship, and Genetic Identities
  • Ordinary Medicine
    Author(s): Kaufman, Sharon R.
    Abstract:

    Most of us want and expect medicine’s miracles to extend our lives. In today’s aging society, however, the line between life-giving therapies and too much treatment is hard to see—it’s being obscured by a perfect storm created by the pharmaceutical and biomedical industries, along with insurance companies. In Ordinary Medicine Sharon R. Kaufman investigates what drives that storm’s “more is better” approach to medicine: a nearly invisible chain of social, economic, and bureaucratic forces that has made once-extraordinary treatments seem ordinary, necessary, and desirable. Since 2002 Kaufman has listened to hundreds of older patients, their physicians and family members express their hopes, fears, and reasoning as they faced the line between enough and too much intervention. Their stories anchor Ordinary Medicine. Today’s medicine, Kaufman contends, shapes nearly every American’s experience of growing older, and ultimately medicine is undermining its own ability to function as a social good. Kaufman’s careful mapping of the sources of our health care dilemmas should make it far easier to rethink and renew medicine’s goals.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375500
    Publication Date: 2015-05-04
    author-list-text: Sharon R. Kaufman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sharon R. Kaufman
    contrib-author: Sharon R. Kaufman
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375500
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359029
    isbn-paper: 9780822358886
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
    short-abstract:

    Sharon R. Kaufman examines the quandary of patients, families and doctors not knowing the point where enough medical treatment becomes too much treatment. A hidden chain of drivers among science, industry, new technology, and insurance spur this quandary, serving to obscure the ability to identify the difference between extraordinary and ordinary medicine.

    subtitle: Extraordinary Treatments, Longer Lives, and Where to Draw the Line
  • Organizing Empire
    Author(s): Bose, Purnima
    Abstract:

    Organizing Empire critically examines how concepts of individualism functioned to support and resist British imperialism in India. Through readings of British colonial and Indian nationalist narratives that emerged in parliamentary debates, popular colonial histories, newsletters, memoirs, biographies, and novels, Purnima Bose investigates the ramifications of reducing collective activism to individual intentions. Paying particular attention to the construction of gender, she shows that ideas of individualism rhetorically and theoretically bind colonials, feminists, nationalists, and neocolonials to one another. She demonstrates how reliance on ideas of the individual—as scapegoat or hero—enabled colonial and neocolonial powers to deny the violence that they perpetrated. At the same time, she shows how analyses of the role of the individual provide a window into the dynamics and limitations of state formations and feminist and nationalist resistance movements.

    From a historically grounded, feminist perspective, Bose offers four case studies, each of which illuminates a distinct individualizing rhetorical strategy. She looks at the parliamentary debates on the Amritsar Massacre of 1919, in which several hundred unarmed Indian protesters were killed; Margaret Cousins’s firsthand account of feminist organizing in Ireland and India; Kalpana Dutt’s memoir of the Bengali terrorist movement of the 1930s, which was modeled in part on Irish anticolonial activity; and the popular histories generated by ex-colonial officials and their wives. Bringing to the fore the constraints that colonial domination placed upon agency and activism, Organizing Empire highlights the complexity of the multiple narratives that constitute British colonial history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384885
    Publication Date: 2003-08-18
    author-list-text: Purnima Bose
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Purnima Bose
    contrib-author: Purnima Bose
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384885
    illustrations-note: 1 b&w photo
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327592
    isbn-paper: 9780822327684
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An analysis of the forms and uses of individualism in colonial and anti-colonial India.

    subtitle: Individualism, Collective Agency, and India
  • Orgasmology
    Author(s): Jagose, Annamarie
    Abstract:

    For all its vaunted attention to sexuality, queer theory has had relatively little to say about sex, the material and psychic practices through which erotic gratification is sought. In Orgasmology, Annamarie Jagose takes orgasm as her queer scholarly object. From simultaneous to fake orgasms, from medical imaging to pornographic visualization, from impersonal sexual publics to domestic erotic intimacies, Jagose traces the career of orgasm across the twentieth century.

    Along the way, she examines marriage manuals of the 1920s and 1930s, designed to teach heterosexual couples how to achieve simultaneous orgasms; provides a queer reading of behavioral modification practices of the 1960s and 1970s, aimed at transforming gay men into heterosexuals; and demonstrates how representations of orgasm have shaped ideas about sexuality and sexual identity.

    A confident and often counterintuitive engagement with feminist and queer traditions of critical thought, Orgasmology affords fresh perspectives on not just sex, sexual orientation, and histories of sexuality, but also agency, ethics, intimacy, modernity, selfhood, and sociality. As modern subjects, we presume we already know everything there is to know about orgasm. This elegantly argued book suggests that orgasm still has plenty to teach us.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397526
    Publication Date: 2012-12-03
    author-list-text: Annamarie Jagose
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Annamarie Jagose
    contrib-author: Annamarie Jagose
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822397526
    illustrations-note: 10 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353775
    isbn-paper: 9780822353911
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Next wave
    short-abstract:

    In this long-awaited work, the queer theorist Annamarie Jagose demonstrates that attention to orgasm as an object of queer and feminist thought reveals much about gender, agency, history, and modernity.

    subtitle:
  • Orgies of Feeling
    Author(s): Anker, Elisabeth Robin
    Abstract:

    Melodrama is not just a film or literary genre but a powerful political discourse that galvanizes national sentiment to legitimate state violence. Finding virtue in national suffering and heroism in sovereign action, melodramatic political discourses cast war and surveillance as moral imperatives for eradicating villainy and upholding freedom. In Orgies of Feeling, Elisabeth R. Anker boldly reframes political theories of sovereignty, freedom, and power by analyzing the work of melodrama and affect in contemporary politics. Arguing that melodrama animates desires for unconstrained power, Anker examines melodramatic discourses in the War on Terror, neoliberal politics, anticommunist rhetoric, Hollywood film, and post-Marxist critical theory. Building on Friedrich Nietzsche's notion of "orgies of feeling," in which overwhelming emotions displace commonplace experiences of vulnerability and powerlessness onto a dramatic story of injured freedom, Anker contends that the recent upsurge in melodrama in the United States is an indication of public discontent. Yet the discontent that melodrama reflects is ultimately an expression of the public's inability to overcome systemic exploitation and inequality rather than an alarmist response to inflated threats to the nation.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376545
    Publication Date: 2014-07-21
    author-list-text: Elisabeth Robin Anker
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Elisabeth Robin Anker
    contrib-author: Elisabeth Robin Anker
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376545
    illustrations-note: 14 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356868
    isbn-paper: 9780822356974
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Analyzing the work of melodrama and affect in contemporary politics, Elisabeth R. Anker boldly reframes political theories of sovereignty, freedom, and power. Through readings of melodramatic discourses in the War on Terror, neoliberal politics, anticommunist rhetoric, Hollywood film, and post-Marxist critical theory, she argues that melodrama animates desires for unconstrained power.

    subtitle: Melodrama and the Politics of Freedom
  • Orientalism and Modernism
    Author(s): Qian, Zhaoming
    Abstract:

    Chinese culture held a well-known fascination for modernist poets like Ezra Pound and William Carlos Williams. What is less known but is made fully clear by Zhaoming Qian is the degree to which oriental culture made these poets the modernists they became. This ambitious and illuminating study shows that Orientalism, no less than French symbolism and Italian culture, is a constitutive element of Modernism.

    Consulting rare and unpublished materials, Qian traces Pound’s and Williams’s remarkable dialogues with the great Chinese poets—Qu Yuan, Li Bo, Wang Wei, and Bo Juyi—between 1913 and 1923. His investigation reveals that these exchanges contributed more than topical and thematic ideas to the Americans’ work and suggests that their progressively modernist style is directly linked to a steadily growing contact and affinity for similar Chinese styles. He demonstrates, for example, how such influences as the ethics of pictorial representation, the style of ellipsis, allusion, and juxtaposition, and the Taoist/Zen–Buddhist notion of nonbeing/being made their way into Pound’s pre-Fenollosan Chinese adaptations, Cathay, Lustra, and the Early Cantos, as well as Williams’s Sour Grapes and Spring and All. Developing a new interpretation of important work by Pound and Williams, Orientalism and Modernism fills a significant gap in accounts of American Modernism, which can be seen here for the first time in its truly multicultural character.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397410
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Zhaoming Qian
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Zhaoming Qian
    contrib-author: Zhaoming Qian
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822397410
    illustrations-note: 32 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316572
    isbn-paper: 9780822316695
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Legacy of China in Pound and Williams
  • Orientalism’s Interlocutors
    Author(s): Beaulieu, Jill; Roberts, Mary; Thomas, Nicholas; Çelik, Zeynep; Benjamin, Roger; Crinson, Mark
    Abstract:

    Until now, Orientalist art—exemplified by paintings of harems, slave markets, or bazaars—has predominantly been understood to reflect Western interpretations and to perpetuate reductive, often demeaning stereotypes of the exotic East. Orientalism's Interlocutors contests the idea that Orientalist art simply expresses the politics of Western domination and argues instead that it was often produced through cross-cultural interactions. Focusing on paintings and other representations of North African and Ottoman cultures, by both local artists and westerners, the contributors contend that the stylistic similarities between indigenous and Western Orientalist art mask profound interpretive differences, which, on examination, can reveal a visual language of resistance to colonization. The essays also demonstrate how marginalized voices and viewpoints—especially women's—within Western Orientalism decentered and destabilized colonial authority.

    Looking at the political significance of cross-cultural encounters refracted through the visual languages of Orientalism, the contributors engage with pressing recent debates about indigenous agency, postcolonial identity, and gendered subjectivities. The very range of artists, styles, and forms discussed in this collection broadens contemporary understandings of Orientalist art. Among the artists considered are the Algerian painters Azouaou Mammeri and Mohammed Racim; Turkish painter Osman Hamdi; British landscape painter Barbara Bodichon; and the French painter Henri Regnault. From the liminal "Third Space" created by mosques in postcolonial Britain to the ways nineteenth-century harem women negotiated their portraits by British artists, the essays in this collection force a rethinking of the Orientalist canon.

    This innovative volume will appeal to those interested in art history, theories of gender, and postcolonial studies.

    Contributors. Jill Beaulieu, Roger Benjamin, Zeynep Çelik, Deborah Cherry, Hollis Clayson, Mark Crinson, Mary Roberts

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383857
    Publication Date: 2002-11-15
    author-list-text: Nicholas Thomas, Zeynep Çelik, Roger Benjamin and Mark Crinson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nicholas Thomas,
    2. Zeynep Çelik,
    3. Roger Benjamin and
    4. Mark Crinson
    contrib-editor: Jill Beaulieu; Mary Roberts
    contrib-other: Zeynep Çelik; Roger Benjamin; Mark Crinson
    contrib-series-editor: Nicholas Thomas
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383857
    illustrations-note: 53 photographs (6 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328599
    isbn-paper: 9780822328742
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories
    short-abstract:

    A collection of essays that develop ways of doing postcolonial studies in art history.

    subtitle: Painting, Architecture, Photography
  • Orientations
    Author(s): Chuh, Kandice; Shimakawa, Karen; Kondo, Dorinne
    Abstract:

    Asian and Asian American studies emerged, respectively, from Cold War and social protest ideologies. Yet, in the context of contemporary globalization, can these ideological distinctions remain in place? Suggesting new directions for studies of the Asian diaspora, the prominent scholars who contribute to this volume raise important questions about the genealogies of these fields, their mutual imbrication, and their relationship to other disciplinary formations, including American and ethnic studies.

    With its recurrent themes of transnationalism, globalization, and postcoloniality, Orientations considers various embodiments of the Asian diaspora, including a rumination on minority discourses and performance studies, and a historical look at the journal Amerasia. Exploring the translation of knowledge from one community to another, other contributions consider such issues as Filipino immigrants’ strategies for enacting Asian American subjectivity and the link between area studies and the journal Subaltern Studies. In a section that focuses on how disciplines—or borders—form, one essay discusses “orientalist melancholy,” while another focuses on the construction of the Asian American persona during the Cold War. Other topics in the volume include the role Asian immigrants play in U.S. racial politics, Japanese American identity in postwar Japan, Asian American theater, and the effects of Asian and Asian American studies on constructions of American identity.

    Contributors. Dipesh Chakrabarty, Kuan-Hsing Chen, Rey Chow, Kandice Chuh, Sharon Hom, Yoshikuni Igarashi, Dorinne Kondo, Russell Leong, George Lipsitz, Lisa Lowe, Martin F. Manalansan IV, David Palumbo-Liu, R. Radhakrishnan, Karen Shimakawa, Sau-ling C. Wong

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381259
    Publication Date: 2001-08-13
    author-list-text: Dorinne Kondo
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Dorinne Kondo
    contrib-editor: Kandice Chuh; Karen Shimakawa
    contrib-other: Dorinne Kondo
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822381259
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327295
    isbn-paper: 9780822327394
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A critical examination of what constitutes the varied positions grouped together as Asian American, seen in relation to both American and transnational forces.

    subtitle: Mapping Studies in the Asian Diaspora
  • Origins of Instability in Early Republican Mexico
    Author(s): Stevens, Donald F.
    Abstract:

    In the decades following independence, Mexico was transformed from a strong, stable colony into a republic suffering from economic decline and political strife. Marked by political instability—characterized by Antonio López de Santa Anna’s rise to the presidency on eleven distinct occasions—this period of Mexico’s history is often neglected and frequently misunderstood.

    Donald F. Stevens’ revisionist account challenges traditional historiography to examine the nature and origins of Mexico’s political instability. Turning to quantitative methods as a way of providing a framework for examining existing hypotheses concerning Mexico’s instability, the author dissects the relationship between instability and economic cycles; contradicts the notion that Mexico’s social elite could have increased political stability by becoming more active; and argues that the principal political fissures were not liberal vs. conservative but were among radical, moderate, and conservative.

    Ultimately, Stevens maintains, the origins of that country’s instability are to be found in the contradictions between liberalism and Mexico’s traditional class structure, and the problems of creating an independent republic from colonial, monarchical, and authoritarian traditions.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397427
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Donald F. Stevens
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Donald F. Stevens
    contrib-author: Donald F. Stevens
    copyright-year: 1991
    eisbn: 9780822397427
    isbn-cloth: 9780822311362
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle:
  • Origins of Modern Japanese Literature
    Author(s): Karatani, K¯ojin; de Bary, Brett
    Abstract:

    Since its publication in Japan ten years ago, the Origins of Modern Japanese Literature has become a landmark book, playing a pivotal role in defining discussions of modernity in that country. Against a history of relative inattention on the part of Western translators to modern Asian critical theory, this first English publication is sure to have a profound effect on current cultural criticism in the West. It is both the boldest critique of modern Japanese literary history to appear in the post-war era and a major theoretical intervention, which calls into question the idea of modernity that informs Western consciousness.

    In a sweeping reinterpretation of nineteenth-and twentieth-century Japanese literature, Karatani Kojin forces a reconsideration of the very assumptions underlying our concepts of modernity. In his analysis, such familiar terms as origin, modern, literature, and the state reveal themselves to be ideological constructs. Karatani weaves many separate strands into an argument that exposes what has been hidden in both Japanese and Western accounts of the development of modern culture. Among these strands are: the "discovery" of landscape in painting and literature and its relation to the inwardness of individual consciousness; the similar "discovery" in Japanese drama of the naked face as another kind of landscape produced by interiority; the challenge to the dominance of Chinese characters in writing; the emergence of confessional literature as an outgrowth of the repression of sexuality and the body; the conversion of the samurai class to Christianity; the mythologizing of tuberculosis, cancer, and illness in general as a producer of meaning; and the "discovery" of "the child" as an independent category of human being.

    A work that will be important beyond the confines of literary studies, Karatani's analysis challenges basic Western presumptions of theoretical centrality and originality and disturbs the binary opposition of the "West" to its so-called "other." Origins of Modern Japanese Literature should be read by all those with an interest in the development of cultural concepts and in the interrelating factors that have determined modernity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378440
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: K¯ojin Karatani and Brett de Bary
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. K¯ojin Karatani and
    2. Brett de Bary
    contrib-author: K¯ojin Karatani
    contrib-translator: Brett de Bary
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822378440
    isbn-paper: 9780822313236
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-contemporary interventions
    subtitle:
  • Other Cities, Other Worlds
    Author(s): Huyssen, Andreas
    Abstract:

    Other Cities, Other Worlds brings together leading scholars of cultural theory, urban studies, art, anthropology, literature, film, architecture, and history to look at non-Western global cities. The contributors focus on urban imaginaries, the ways that city dwellers perceive or imagine their own cities. Paying particular attention to the historical and cultural dimensions of urban life, they bring to their essays deep knowledge of the cities they are bound to in their lives and their work. Taken together, these essays allow us to compare metropolises from the so-called periphery and gauge processes of cultural globalization, illuminating the complexities at stake as we try to imagine other cities and other worlds under the spell of globalization.

    The effects of global processes such as the growth of transnational corporations and investment, the weakening of state sovereignty, increasing poverty, and the privatization of previously public services are described and analyzed in essays by Teresa P. R. Caldeira (São Paulo), Beatriz Sarlo (Buenos Aires), Néstor García Canclini (Mexico City), Farha Ghannam (Cairo), Gyan Prakash (Mumbai), and Yingjin Zhang (Beijing). Considering Johannesburg, the architect Hilton Judin takes on themes addressed by other contributors as well: the relation between the country and the city, and between racial imaginaries and the fear of urban violence. Rahul Mehrotra writes of the transitory, improvisational nature of the Indian bazaar city, while AbdouMaliq Simone sees a new urbanism of fragmentation and risk emerging in Douala, Cameroon. In a broader comparative frame, Okwui Enwezor reflects on the proliferation of biennales of contemporary art in African, Asian, and Latin American cities, and Ackbar Abbas considers the rise of fake commodity production in China. The volume closes with the novelist Orhan Pamuk’s meditation on his native city of Istanbul.

    Contributors: Ackbar Abbas, Teresa P. R. Caldeira, Néstor García Canclini, Okwui Enwezor, Farha Ghannam, Andreas Huyssen, Hilton Judin, Rahul Mehrotra, Orhan Pamuk, Gyan Prakash, Beatriz Sarlo, AbdouMaliq Simone, Yingjin Zhang

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389361
    Publication Date: 2008-10-21
    contrib-editor: Andreas Huyssen
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389361
    illustrations-note: 74 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342489
    isbn-paper: 9780822342717
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Collection of essays that examines the effects of globalization on non-Western cities.

    subtitle: Urban Imaginaries in a Globalizing Age
  • Other Planes of There
    Author(s): Green, Renée
    Abstract:

    For more than two decades, the artist Renée Green has created an impressive body of work in which language is an essential element. Green is also a prolific writer and a major voice in the international art world. Other Planes of There gathers for the first time a substantial collection of the work she wrote between 1981 and 2010. The selected essays initially appeared in publications in different countries and languages, making their availability in this volume a boon to those wanting to follow Green's artistic and intellectual trajectory.

    Charting this cosmopolitan artist’s thinking through the decades, Other Planes of There brings essays, film scripts, reviews, and polemics together with reflections on Green's own artistic practice and seminal artworks. It immerses the reader in three decades of contemporary art showcasing the art and thought, the incisive critiques and prescient observations of one of our foremost artists and intellectuals. Sound, cinema, literature, time-based media, and the relationship between art forms and other forms of knowledge are just a few of the matters that Green takes up and thinks through. Sixty-four pages of color plates were selected by the artist for this lavishly illustrated volume.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376484
    Publication Date: 2014-10-15
    author-list-text: Renée Green
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Renée Green
    contrib-author: Renée Green
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376484
    illustrations-note: 290 illustrations, incl. 249 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356929
    isbn-paper: 9780822357032
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In addition to being a renowned artist, Renée Green is also a prolific writer and a major voice in the international art world. Other Planes of There gathers for the first time a substantial collection of the work she wrote between 1981 and 2010.

    subtitle: Selected Writings
  • Other-Worldly
    Author(s): Zhan, Mei
    Abstract:

    Traditional Chinese medicine is often portrayed as an enduring system of therapeutic knowledge that has become globalized in recent decades. In Other-Worldly, Mei Zhan argues that the discourses and practices called “traditional Chinese medicine” are made through, rather than prior to, translocal encounters and entanglements. Zhan spent a decade following practitioners, teachers, and advocates of Chinese medicine through clinics, hospitals, schools, and grassroots organizations in Shanghai and the San Francisco Bay Area. Drawing on that ethnographic research, she demonstrates that the everyday practice of Chinese medicine is about much more than writing herbal prescriptions and inserting acupuncture needles. “Traditional Chinese medicine” is also made and remade through efforts to create a preventive medicine for the “proletariat world,” reinvent it for cosmopolitan middle-class aspirations, produce clinical “miracles,” translate knowledge and authority, and negotiate marketing strategies and medical ethics.

    Whether discussing the presentation of Chinese medicine at a health fair sponsored by a Silicon Valley corporation, or how the inclusion of a traditional Chinese medicine clinic authenticates the “California” appeal of an upscale residential neighborhood in Shanghai, Zhan emphasizes that unexpected encounters and interactions are not anomalies in the structure of Chinese medicine. Instead, they are constitutive of its irreducibly complex and open-ended worlds. Zhan proposes an ethnography of “worlding” as an analytic for engaging and illuminating emergent cultural processes such as those she describes. Rather than taking “cultural difference” as the starting point for anthropological inquiries, this analytic reveals how various terms of difference—for example, “traditional,” “Chinese,” and “medicine”—are invented, negotiated, and deployed translocally. Other-Worldly is a theoretically innovative and ethnographically rich account of the worlding of Chinese medicine.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392132
    Publication Date: 2009-10-19
    author-list-text: Mei Zhan
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Mei Zhan
    contrib-author: Mei Zhan
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392132
    illustrations-note: 7 illustrations, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343639
    isbn-paper: 9780822343844
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    A transnational ethnography of traditional Chinese medicine practitioners in China and the US.

    subtitle: Making Chinese Medicine through Transnational Frames
  • Our America
    Author(s): Michaels, Walter Benn
    Abstract:

    Arguing that the contemporary commitment to the importance of cultural identity has renovated rather than replaced an earlier commitment to racial identity, Walter Benn Michaels asserts that the idea of culture, far from constituting a challenge to racism, is actually a form of racism. Our America offers both a provocative reinterpretation of the role of identity in modernism and a sustained critique of the role of identity in postmodernism.

    “We have a great desire to be supremely American,” Calvin Coolidge wrote in 1924. That desire, Michaels tells us, is at the very heart of American modernism, giving form and substance to a cultural movement that would in turn redefine America’s cultural and collective identity—ultimately along racial lines. A provocative reinterpretation of American modernism, Our America also offers a new way of understanding current debates over the meaning of race, identity, multiculturalism, and pluralism.

    Michaels contends that the aesthetic movement of modernism and the social movement of nativism came together in the 1920s in their commitment to resolve the meaning of identity—linguistic, national, cultural, and racial. Just as the Johnson Immigration Act of 1924, which excluded aliens, and the Indian Citizenship Act of the same year, which honored the truly native, reconceptualized national identity, so the major texts of American writers such as Cather, Faulkner, Hurston, and Williams reinvented identity as an object of pathos—something that can be lost or found, defended or betrayed. Our America is both a history and a critique of this invention, tracing its development from the white supremacism of the Progressive period through the cultural pluralism of the Twenties. Michaels’s sustained rereading of the texts of the period—the canonical, the popular, and the less familiar—exposes recurring concerns such as the reconception of the image of the Indian as a symbol of racial purity and national origins, the relation between World War I and race, contradictory appeals to the family as a model for the nation, and anxieties about reproduction that subliminally tie whiteness and national identity to incest, sterility, and impotence.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397434
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Walter Benn Michaels
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Walter Benn Michaels
    contrib-author: Walter Benn Michaels
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822397434
    isbn-cloth: 9780822317005
    isbn-paper: 9780822320647
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    subtitle: Nativism, Modernism, and Pluralism
  • Out in Culture
    Author(s): Creekmur, Corey K.; Doty, Alexander
    Abstract:

    Out in Culture charts some of the ways in which lesbians, gays, and queers have understood and negotiated the pleasures and affirmations, as well as the disappointments, of mass culture. The essays collected here, combining critical and theoretical works from a cross-section of academics, journalists, and artists, demonstrate a rich variety of gay and lesbian approaches to film, television, popular music, and fashion. This wide-ranging anthology is the first to juxtapose pioneering work in gay and lesbian media criticism with recent essays in contemporary queer cultural studies.

    Uniquely accessible, Out in Culture presents such popular writers as B. Ruby Rich, Essex Hemphill, and Michael Musto as well as influential critics such as Richard Dyer, Chris Straayer, and Julia Lesage, on topics ranging from the queer careers of Agnes Moorehead and Pee Wee Herman to the cultural politics of gay drag, lesbian style, the visualization of AIDS, and the black snap! queen experience. Of particular interest are two "dossiers," the first linking essays on the queer content of Alfred Hitchcock’s films, and the second on the production and reception of popular music within gay and lesbian communities. The volume concludes with an extensive bibliography—the most comprehensive currently available—of sources in gay, lesbian, and queer media criticism.

    Out in Culture explores the distinctive and original ways in which gays, lesbians, and queers have experienced, appropriated, and resisted the images and artifacts of popular culture. This eclectic anthology will be of interest to a broad audience of general readers and scholars interested in gay and lesbian issues; students of film, media, gender, and cultural studies; and those interested in the emerging field of queer theory.

    Contributors. Sabrina Barton, Edith Becker, Rhona J. Berenstein, Nayland Blake, Michelle Citron, Danae Clark, Corey K. Creekmur, Alexander Doty, Richard Dyer, Heather Findlay, Jan Zita Grover, Essex Hemphill, John Hepworth, Jeffrey Hilbert, Lucretia Knapp, Bruce La Bruce, Al LaValley, Julia Lesage, Michael Moon, Michael Musto, B. Ruby Rich, Marlon Riggs, Arlene Stein, Chris Straayer, Anthony Thomas, Mark Thompson, Valerie Traub, Thomas Waugh, Patricia White, Robin Wood

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397441
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Corey K. Creekmur; Alexander Doty
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822397441
    illustrations-note: 41 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315322
    isbn-paper: 9780822315414
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    subtitle: Gay, Lesbian and Queer Essays on Popular Culture
  • Out of Context
    Author(s): Balderston, Daniel
    Abstract:

    In Jorge Luis Borges's finely wrought, fantastic stories, so filigreed with strange allusions, critics have consistently found little to relate to the external world, to history--in short, to reality. Out of Context corrects this shortsighted view and reveals the very real basis of the Argentine master's purported "irreality." By providing the historical context for some of the writer's best-loved and least understood works, this study also gives us a new sense of Borges's place within the context of contemporary literature.

    Through a detailed examination of seven stories, Daniel Balderston shows how Borges's historical and political references, so often misread as part of a literary game, actually open up a much more complex reality than the one made explicit to the reader. Working in tension with the fantastic aspects of Borges' work, these precise references to realities outside the text illuminate relations between literature and history as well as the author's particular understanding of both. In Borges's perspective as it is revealed here, history emerges as an "other" only partially recoverable in narrative form. From what can be recovered, Balderston is able to clarify Borges's position on historical episodes and trends such as colonialism, the Peronist movement, "Western culture," militarism, and the Spanish invasion of the Americas.

    Informed by a wide reading of history, a sympathetic use of critical theory, and a deep understanding of Borges's work, this iconoclastic study provides a radical new approach to one of the most celebrated and—until now—hermetic authors of our time.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383024
    Publication Date: 1993-03-12
    author-list-text: Daniel Balderston
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Daniel Balderston
    contrib-author: Daniel Balderston
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822383024
    isbn-cloth: 9780822312895
    isbn-paper: 9780822313168
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Historical Reference and the Representation of Reality in Borges
  • Out Takes
    Author(s): Hanson, Ellis
    Abstract:

    This collection brings together the work of both film scholars and queer theorists to advance a more sophisticated notion of queer film criticism. While the “politics of representation” has been the focus of much previous gay and lesbian film criticism, the contributors to Out Takes employ the approaches of queer theory to move beyond conventional readings and to reexamine aspects of the cinematic gaze in relation to queer desire and spectatorship.

    The essays examine a wide array of films, including Calamity Jane, Rear Window, The Hunger, Heavenly Creatures, and Bound , and discuss such figures as Doris Day, Elizabeth Taylor, and Alfred Hitchcock. Divided into three sections, the first part reconsiders the construction of masculinity and male homoerotic desire—especially with respect to the role of women—in classic cinema of the 1940s and 1950s. The second section offers a deconstructive consideration of lesbian film spectatorship and lesbian representation. Part three looks at the historical trajectory of independent queer cinema, including works by H.D., Kenneth Anger, and Derek Jarman.

    By exploring new approaches to the study of sexuality in film, Out Takes will be useful to scholars in gay and lesbian studies, queer theory, and cinema studies.

    Contributors. Bonnie Burns, Steven Cohan, Alexander Doty, Lee Edelman, Michelle Elleray, Jim Ellis, Ellis Hanson, D. A. Miller, Eric Savoy, Matthew Tinkcom, Amy Villarejo, Jean Walton

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379157
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Ellis Hanson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ellis Hanson
    contrib-author: Ellis Hanson
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822379157
    illustrations-note: 55 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323099
    isbn-paper: 9780822323426
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    subtitle: Essays on Queer Theory and Film
  • Outlawed
    Author(s): Goldstein, Daniel M.
    Abstract:

    In Outlawed, Daniel M. Goldstein reveals how indigenous residents of marginal neighborhoods in Cochabamba, Bolivia, struggle to balance security with rights. Feeling abandoned to the crime and violence that grip their communities, they sometimes turn to vigilante practices, including lynching, to apprehend and punish suspected criminals. Goldstein describes those in this precarious position as "outlawed": not protected from crime by the law but forced to comply with legal measures in other areas of their lives, their solutions to protection criminalized while their needs for security are ignored. He chronicles the complications of the government's attempts to provide greater rights to indigenous peoples, including a new constitution that recognizes "community justice." He also examines how state definitions of indigeneity ignore the existence of marginal neighborhoods, continuing long-standing exclusionary practices. The insecurity felt by the impoverished residents of Cochabamba—and, more broadly, by the urban poor throughout Bolivia and Latin America—remains. Outlawed illuminates the complex interconnections between differing definitions of security and human rights at the local, national, and global levels.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395607
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Daniel M. Goldstein
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Daniel M. Goldstein
    contrib-author: Daniel M. Goldstein
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395607
    illustrations-note: 9 photographs, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352976
    isbn-paper: 9780822353119
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: A John Hope Franklin Center book
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography examining how indigenous residents of crime-ridden, marginalized neighborhoods in Cochabamba, Bolivia, struggle to balance human rights with their need for safety and security.

    subtitle: Between Security and Rights in a Bolivian City
  • Over There
    Author(s): Höhn, Maria; Moon, Seungsook
    Abstract:

    Over There explores the social impact of America’s global network of more than 700 military bases. It does so by examining interactions between U.S. soldiers and members of host communities in the three locations—South Korea, Japan and Okinawa, and West Germany—where more than-two thirds of American overseas bases and troops have been concentrated for the past six decades. The essays in this collection highlight the role of cultural and racial assumptions in the maintenance of the American military base system, and the ways that civil-military relations play out locally. Describing how political, spatial, and social arrangements shape relations between American garrisons and surrounding communities, they emphasize such factors as whether military bases are located in democratic nations or in authoritarian countries where cooperation with dictatorial regimes fuels resentment; whether bases are integrated into neighboring communities or isolated and surrounded by “camp towns” wholly dependent on their business; and whether the United States sends single soldiers without families on one-year tours of duty or soldiers who bring their families and serve longer tours. Analyzing the implications of these and other situations, the contributors address U.S. military–regulated relations between GIs and local women; the roles of American women, including military wives, abroad; local resistance to the U.S. military presence; and racism, sexism, and homophobia within the U.S. military. Over There is an essential examination of the American military as a global and transnational phenomenon.

    Contributors

    Donna Alvah

    Chris Ames

    Jeff Bennett

    Maria Höhn

    Seungsook Moon

    Christopher Nelson

    Robin Riley

    Michiko Takeuchi

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393283
    Publication Date: 2010-11-09
    author-list-text: Maria Höhn
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Maria Höhn
    contrib-author: Maria Höhn
    contrib-editor: Seungsook Moon
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822393283
    illustrations-note: 31 photographs, 6 tables, 4 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348184
    isbn-paper: 9780822348276
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Essays explore the social impact of America s global network of military bases by examining interactions between U.S. soldiers and members of host communities in South Korea, Japan/Okinawa, and West Germany.

    subtitle: Living with the U.S. Military Empire from World War Two to the Present
  • Owners of the Sidewalk
    Author(s): Goldstein, Daniel M.
    Abstract:

    Many of Bolivia's poorest and most vulnerable citizens work as vendors in the Cancha mega-market in the city of Cochabamba, where they must navigate systems of informality and illegality in order to survive. In Owners of the Sidewalk Daniel M. Goldstein examines the ways these systems correlate in the marginal spaces of the Latin American city. Collaborating with the Cancha's legal and permanent stall vendors (fijos) and its illegal and itinerant street and sidewalk vendors (ambulantes), Goldstein shows how the state's deliberate neglect and criminalization of the Cancha's poor—a practice common to neoliberal modern cities—makes the poor exploitable, governable, and consigns them to an insecure existence. Goldstein's collaborative and engaged approach to ethnographic field research also opens up critical questions about what ethical scholarship entails.

     

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374718
    Publication Date: 2016-01-29
    author-list-text: Daniel M. Goldstein
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Daniel M. Goldstein
    contrib-author: Daniel M. Goldstein
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374718
    illustrations-note: 34 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360285
    isbn-paper: 9780822360452
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Global Insecurities
    short-abstract:

    In this ethnography of the Cancha mega-market in Cochabama, Bolivia, Daniel M. Goldstein examines what it means for the market's poorest vendors to maintain personal safety and economic stability by navigating systems of informality and illegality and how this dynamic is representative of the neoliberal modern city.

     

    subtitle: Security and Survival in the Informal City
  • Oxford Street, Accra
    Author(s): Quayson, Ato
    Abstract:

    In Oxford Street, Accra, Ato Quayson analyzes the dynamics of Ghana's capital city through a focus on Oxford Street, part of Accra's most vibrant and globalized commercial district. He traces the city's evolution from its settlement in the mid-seventeenth century to the present day. He combines his impressions of the sights, sounds, interactions, and distribution of space with broader dynamics, including the histories of colonial and postcolonial town planning and the marks of transnationalism evident in Accra's salsa scene, gym culture, and commercial billboards. Quayson finds that the various planning systems that have shaped the city—and had their stratifying effects intensified by the IMF-mandated structural adjustment programs of the late 1980s—prepared the way for the early-1990s transformation of a largely residential neighborhood into a kinetic shopping district. With an intense commercialism overlying, or coexisting with, stark economic inequalities, Oxford Street is a microcosm of historical and urban processes that have made Accra the variegated and contradictory metropolis that it is today.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376293
    Publication Date: 2014-08-13
    author-list-text: Ato Quayson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ato Quayson
    contrib-author: Ato Quayson
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376293
    illustrations-note: 20 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357339
    isbn-paper: 9780822357476
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In Oxford Street, Accra, Ato Quayson analyzes the dynamics of Ghana's capital city through a focus on Oxford Street, part of Accra's most vibrant and globalized commercial district and a microcosm of historical and urban processes that have made Accra the variegated and contradictory metropolis that it is today.

    subtitle: City Life and the Itineraries of Transnationalism

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