Browse by Title : N

  • Nanovision
    Author(s): Milburn, Colin

    The dawning era of nanotechnology promises to transform life as we know it. Visionary scientists are engineering materials and devices at the molecular scale that will forever alter the way we think about our technologies, our societies, our bodies, and even reality itself. Colin Milburn argues that the rise of nanotechnology involves a way of seeing that he calls “nanovision.” Trekking across the technoscapes and the dreamscapes of nanotechnology, he elaborates a theory of nanovision, demonstrating that nanotechnology has depended throughout its history on a symbiotic relationship with science fiction. Nanotechnology’s scientific theories, laboratory instruments, and research programs are inextricable from speculative visions, hyperbolic rhetoric, and fictional narratives.

    Milburn illuminates the practices of nanotechnology by examining an enormous range of cultural artifacts, including scientific research articles, engineering textbooks, laboratory images, popular science writings, novels, comic books, and blockbuster films. In so doing, he reveals connections between the technologies of visualization that have helped inaugurate nano research, such as the scanning tunneling microscope, and the prescient writings of Robert A. Heinlein, James Blish, and Theodore Sturgeon. He delves into fictive and scientific representations of “gray goo,” the nightmare scenario in which autonomous nanobots rise up in rebellion and wreak havoc on the world. He shows that nanoscience and “splatterpunk” novels share a violent aesthetic of disintegration: the biological body is breached and torn asunder only to be refabricated as an assemblage of self-organizing machines. Whether in high-tech laboratories or science fiction stories, nanovision deconstructs the human subject and galvanizes the invention of a posthuman future.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391487
    Publication Date: 2010-07-01
    author-list-text: Colin Milburn
    1. Colin Milburn
    contrib-author: Colin Milburn
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822391487
    illustrations-note: 32 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342434
    isbn-paper: 9780822342656
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Examines the cultural history of nanotechnology in contemporary literature, film, and digital media.

    subtitle: Engineering the Future
  • Narrating the Past
    Author(s): Herzberger, David K.

    The relationship between fiction and historiography in Francoist Spain (1939–1975) is a contentious one. The intricacies of this relationship, in which fiction works to subvert the regime’s authority to write the past, are the focus of David K. Herzberger’s book.

    The narrative and rhetorical strategies of historical discourse figure in both the fiction and historiography of postwar Spain. Herzberger analyzes these strategies, identifying the structures and vocabularies they use to frame the past and endow it with particular meanings. He shows how Francoist historians sought to affirm the historical necessity of Franco by linking the regime to a heroic and Christian past, while several types of postwar fiction—such as social realism, the novel of memory, and postmodern novels—created a voice of opposition to this practice. Focusing on the concept of writing history that these opposing strategies convey, Herzberger discloses the layering of truth and meaning that lies at the heart of postwar Spanish narrative from the early 1940s to the fall of Franco. His study clearly reveals how the novel in postwar Spain became a crucial form of dissent from the past as it was conceived and used by the State.

    Making a decisive intervention in the debate about the ways in which narration determines both the meaning and truth of history and fiction, Narrating the Past will be of special interest to students and scholars of the politics, history, and literature of twentieth-century Spain.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382416
    Publication Date: 1995-06-01
    author-list-text: David K. Herzberger
    1. David K. Herzberger
    contrib-author: David K. Herzberger
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822382416
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315827
    isbn-paper: 9780822315971
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Fiction and Historiography in Postwar Spain
  • Narrative Policy Analysis
    Author(s): Roe, Emery

    Narrative Policy Analysis presents a powerful and original application of contemporary literary theory and policy analysis to many of today’s most urgent public policy issues. Emery Roe demonstrates across a wide array of case studies that structuralist and poststructuralist theories of narrative are exceptionally useful in evaluating difficult policy problems, understanding their implications, and in making effective policy recommendations.

    Assuming no prior knowledge of literary theory, Roe introduces the theoretical concepts and terminology from literary analysis through an examination of the budget crises of national governments. With a focus on several particularly intractable issues in the areas of the environment, science, and technology, he then develops the methodology of narrative policy analysis by showing how conflicting policy "stories" often tell a more policy-relevant meta-narrative. He shows the advantage of this approach to reading and analyzing stories by examining the ways in which the views of participants unfold and are told in representative case studies involving the California Medfly crisis, toxic irrigation in the San Joaquin Valley, global warming, animal rights, the controversy over the burial remains of Native Americans, and Third World development strategies.

    Presenting a bold innovation in the interdisciplinary methodology of the policy sciences, Narrative Policy Analysis brings the social sciences and humanities together to better address real-world problems of public policy—particularly those issues characterized by extreme uncertainty, complexity, and polarization—which, if not more effectively managed now, will plague us well into the next century.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381891
    Publication Date: 1994-11-04
    author-list-text: Emery Roe
    1. Emery Roe
    contrib-author: Emery Roe
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822381891
    illustrations-note: 3 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315025
    isbn-paper: 9780822315131
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Narrative Policy Analysis presents a powerful and original application of contemporary literary theory and policy analysis to many of today’s most urgent public policy issues. Emery Roe demonstrates across a wide array of case studies that structuralist and poststructuralist theories of narrative are exceptionally useful in evaluating difficult policy problems, understanding their implications, and in making effective policy recommendations.

    Assuming no prior knowledge of literary theory, Roe introduces the theoretical concepts and terminology from literary analysis through an examination of the budget crises of national governments. With a focus on several particularly intractable issues in the areas of the environment, science, and technology, he then develops the methodology of narrative policy analysis by showing how conflicting policy "stories" often tell a more policy-relevant meta-narrative. He shows the advantage of this approach to reading and analyzing stories by examining the ways in which the views of participants unfold and are told in representative case studies involving the California Medfly crisis, toxic irrigation in the San Joaquin Valley, global warming, animal rights, the controversy over the burial remains of Native Americans, and Third World development strategies.

    Presenting a bold innovation in the interdisciplinary methodology of the policy sciences, Narrative Policy Analysis brings the social sciences and humanities together to better address real-world problems of public policy—particularly those issues characterized by extreme uncertainty, complexity, and polarization—which, if not more effectively managed now, will plague us well into the next century.

    subtitle: Theory and Practice
  • Nation Within
    Author(s): Coffman, Tom

    In 1893 a small group of white planters and missionary descendants backed by the United States overthrew the Kingdom of Hawai‘i and established a government modeled on the Jim Crow South. In Nation Within Tom Coffman tells the complex history of the unsuccessful efforts of deposed Hawaiian queen Lili‘uokalani and her subjects to resist annexation, which eventually came in 1898. Coffman describes native Hawaiian political activism, the queen's visits to Washington, D.C., to lobby for independence, and her imprisonment, along with hundreds of others, after their aborted armed insurrection. Exposing the myths that fueled the narrative that native Hawaiians willingly relinquished their nation, Coffman shows how Americans such as Theodore Roosevelt conspired to extinguish Hawai‘i's sovereignty in the service of expanding the United States' growing empire.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373988
    Publication Date: 2016-07-15
    author-list-text: Tom Coffman
    1. Tom Coffman
    contrib-author: Tom Coffman
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822373988
    illustrations-note: 68 illustrations
    isbn-paper: 9780822361978
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Nation Within is the complex history of the events between the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawai?i in 1893 and its annexation to the United States in 1898. Highlighting the native Hawaiians' resistance during that five year span, Tom Coffman shows why occupying Hawai?i was crucial to American imperial ambitions.

    subtitle: The History of the American Occupation of Hawai‘i
  • National Abjection
    Author(s): Shimakawa, Karen

    National Abjection explores the vexed relationship between "Asian Americanness" and "Americanness” through a focus on drama and performance art. Karen Shimakawa argues that the forms of Asian Americanness that appear in U.S. culture are a function of national abjection—a process that demands that Americanness be defined by the exclusion of Asian Americans, who are either cast as symbolic foreigners incapable of integration or Americanization or distorted into an “honorary” whiteness. She examines how Asian Americans become culturally visible on and off stage, revealing the ways Asian American theater companies and artists respond to the cultural implications of this abjection.

    Shimakawa looks at the origins of Asian American theater, particularly through the memories of some of its pioneers. Her examination of the emergence of Asian American theater companies illuminates their strategies for countering the stereotypes of Asian Americans and the lack of visibility of Asian American performers within the theater world. She shows how some plays—Wakako Yamauchi’s 12-1-A, Frank Chin’s Chickencoop Chinaman, and The Year of the Dragon—have both directly and indirectly addressed the displacement of Asian Americans. She analyzes works attempting to negate the process of abjection—such as the 1988 Broadway production of M. Butterfly as well as Miss Saigon, a mainstream production that enacted the process of cultural displacement both onstage and off. Finally, Shimakawa considers Asian Americanness in the context of globalization by meditating on the work of Ping Chong, particularly his East-West Quartet.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384243
    Publication Date: 2002-11-14
    author-list-text: Karen Shimakawa
    1. Karen Shimakawa
    contrib-author: Karen Shimakawa
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822384243
    illustrations-note: 7 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329374
    isbn-paper: 9780822328230
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Explores the ways that playwrights and performers have dealt with the presentation of the Asian American body on stage, given the historical construction of Asian Americanness as abject and unpresentable.

    subtitle: The Asian American Body Onstage
  • National History and the World of Nations
    Author(s): Hill, Christopher; Chow, Rey; Harootunian, Harry; Miyoshi, Masao

    Focusing on Japan, France, and the United States, Christopher L. Hill reveals how the writing of national history in the late nineteenth century made the reshaping of the world by capitalism and the nation-state seem natural and inevitable. The three countries, occupying widely different positions in the world, faced similar ideological challenges stemming from the rapidly changing geopolitical order and from domestic political upheavals: the Meiji Restoration in Japan, the Civil War in the United States, and the establishment of the Third Republic in France. Through analysis that is both comparative and transnational, Hill shows that the representations of national history that emerged in response to these changes reflected rhetorical and narrative strategies shared across the globe.

    Delving into narrative histories, prose fiction, and social philosophy, Hill analyzes the rhetoric, narrative form, and intellectual genealogy of late-nineteenth-century texts that contributed to the creation of national history in each of the three countries. He discusses the global political economy of the era, the positions of the three countries in it, and the reasons that arguments about history loomed large in debates on political, economic, and social problems. Examining how the writing of national histories in the three countries addressed political transformations and the place of the nation in the world, Hill illuminates the ideological labor national history performed. Its production not only naturalized the division of the world by systems of states and markets, but also asserted the inevitability of the nationalization of human community; displaced dissent to pre-modern, pre-national pasts; and presented the subject’s acceptance of a national identity as an unavoidable part of the passage from youth to adulthood.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389156
    Publication Date: 2008-12-26
    author-list-text: Christopher Hill, Rey Chow, Harry Harootunian and Masao Miyoshi
    1. Christopher Hill,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Harry Harootunian and
    4. Masao Miyoshi
    contrib-author: Christopher Hill
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Harry Harootunian; Masao Miyoshi
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389156
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342984
    isbn-paper: 9780822343165
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society

    A comparative and interdisciplinary study of representations of national history in Japan, France, and the Unites Stated from 1870-1900.

    subtitle: Capital, State, and the Rhetoric of History in Japan, France, and the United States
  • National Identities and Post-Americanist Narratives
    Author(s): Pease, Donald E.

    National narratives create imaginary relations within imagined communities called national peoples. But in the American narrative, alongside the nexus of belonging established for the national community, the national narrative has represented other peoples (women, blacks, "foreigners", the homeless) from whom the property of nationness has been removed altogether and upon whose differences from them the national people depended for the construction of their norms. Dismantling this opposition has become the task of post-national (Post-Americanist) narratives, bent on changing the assumptions that found the "national identity."

    This volume, originally published as a special issue of bounrary 2, focuses on the process of assembling and dismantling the American national narrative(s), sketching its inception and demolition. The contributors examine various cultural, political, and historical sources--colonial literature, mass movements, epidemics of disease, mass spectacle, transnational corporations, super-weapons, popular magazines, literary texts--out of which this narrative was constructed, and propose different understandings of nationality and identity following in its wake.

    Contributors. Jonathan Arac, Lauren Berlant, Robert J. Corber, Elizabeth Freeman, Kathryn V. Lingberg, Jack Matthews, Alan Nadel, Patrick O'Donnell, Daniel O'Hara, Donald E. Pease, Ross Posnock, John Carlos Rowe, Rob Wilson

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377757
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    contrib-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822377757
    isbn-cloth: 9780822314776
    isbn-paper: 9780822314929
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
  • National Manhood
    Author(s): Nelson, Dana D.; Pease, Donald E.

    National Manhood explores the relationship between gender, race, and nation by tracing developing ideals of citizenship in the United States from the Revolutionary War through the 1850s. Through an extensive reading of literary and historical documents, Dana D. Nelson analyzes the social and political articulation of a civic identity centered around the white male and points to a cultural moment in which the theoretical consolidation of white manhood worked to ground, and perhaps even found, the nation.

    Using political, scientific, medical, personal, and literary texts ranging from the Federalist papers to the ethnographic work associated with the Lewis and Clark expedition to the medical lectures of early gynecologists, Nelson explores the referential power of white manhood, how and under what conditions it came to stand for the nation, and how it came to be a fraternal articulation of a representative and civic identity in the United States. In examining early exemplary models of national manhood and by tracing its cultural generalization, National Manhood reveals not only how an impossible ideal has helped to form racist and sexist practices, but also how this ideal has simultaneously privileged and oppressed white men, who, in measuring themselves against it, are able to disavow their part in those oppressions.

    Historically broad and theoretically informed, National Manhood reaches across disciplines to engage those studying early national culture, race and gender issues, and American history, literature, and culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382140
    Publication Date: 1998-09-23
    author-list-text: Dana D. Nelson and Donald E. Pease
    1. Dana D. Nelson and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Dana D. Nelson
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822382140
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321309
    isbn-paper: 9780822321491
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists

    How white manhood comes to stand for the nation in the nineteenth-century U.S.

    subtitle: Capitalist Citizenship and the Imagined Fraternity of White Men
  • National Past-Times
    Author(s): Anagnost, Ann

    In National Past-Times, Ann Anagnost explores the fashioning and refashioning of modern Chinese subjectivity as it relates to the literal and figurative body of the nation. In essays revealing the particular temporality of the modern Chinese nation-state, Anagnost examines the disparate eras of its recent past and its propensity for continually looking backward in order to face the future.

    Using interviews and participant observation as well as close readings of official documents, propaganda materials, and popular media, Anagnost notes the discontinuities in the nation’s narrative—moments where this narrative has been radically reorganized at critical junctures in China’s modern history. Covering a broad range of issues relating to representation and power—issues that have presented themselves with particular clarity in the years since the violent crackdown on the student movement of 1989—National Past-Times critiques the ambiguous possibilities produced by the market, as well as new opportunities for "unfreedom" in the discipline of labor and the commodification of women. Anagnost begins with a retrospective reflection on the practice of "speaking bitterness" in socialist revolutionary practice. Subsequent essays discuss the culture debates of the 1980s, the discourse of social disorder, the issue of population control, the film The Story of Qiu Ju, and anomalies at the theme park "Splendid China."

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378402
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: Ann Anagnost
    1. Ann Anagnost
    contrib-author: Ann Anagnost
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822378402
    illustrations-note: 6 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319610
    isbn-paper: 9780822319696
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Body, commodity, text
    subtitle: Narrative, Representation, and Power in Modern China
  • Native Acts
    Author(s): Barker, Joanne

    In the United States, Native peoples must be able to demonstrably look and act like the Natives of U.S. national narrations in order to secure their legal rights and standing as Natives. How they choose to navigate these demands and the implications of their choices for Native social formations are the focus of this powerful critique. Joanne Barker contends that the concepts and assumptions of cultural authenticity within Native communities potentially reproduce the very social inequalities and injustices of racism, ethnocentrism, sexism, homophobia, and fundamentalism that define U.S. nationalism and, by extension, Native oppression. She argues that until the hold of these ideologies is genuinely disrupted by Native peoples, the important projects for decolonization and self-determination defining Native movements and cultural revitalization efforts are impossible. These projects fail precisely by reinscribing notions of authenticity that are defined in U.S. nationalism to uphold relations of domination between the United States and Native peoples, as well as within Native social and interpersonal relations. Native Acts is a passionate call for Native peoples to decolonize their own concepts and projects of self-determination.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393382
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    author-list-text: Joanne Barker
    1. Joanne Barker
    contrib-author: Joanne Barker
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393382
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348382
    isbn-paper: 9780822348511
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A study of controversies in Native American sovereignty and identity struggles.

    subtitle: Law, Recognition, and Cultural Authenticity
  • Native Americans and the Christian Right
    Author(s): Smith, Andrea

    In Native Americans and the Christian Right, Andrea Smith advances social movement theory beyond simplistic understandings of social-justice activism as either right-wing or left-wing and urges a more open-minded approach to the role of religion in social movements. In examining the interplay of biblical scripture, gender, and nationalism in Christian Right and Native American activism, Smith rethinks the nature of political strategy and alliance-building for progressive purposes, highlighting the potential of unlikely alliances, termed “cowboys and Indians coalitions” by one of her Native activist interviewees. She also complicates ideas about identity, resistance, accommodation, and acquiescence in relation to social-justice activism.

    Smith draws on archival research, interviews, and her own participation in Native struggles and Christian Right conferences and events. She considers American Indian activism within the Promise Keepers and new Charismatic movements. She also explores specific opportunities for building unlikely alliances. For instance, while evangelicals’ understanding of the relationship between the Bible and the state may lead to reactionary positions on issues including homosexuality, civil rights, and abortion, it also supports a relatively progressive position on prison reform. In terms of evangelical and Native American feminisms, she reveals antiviolence organizing to be a galvanizing force within both communities, discusses theories of coalition politics among both evangelical and indigenous women, and considers Native women’s visions of sovereignty and nationhood. Smith concludes with a reflection on the implications of her research for the field of Native American studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388876
    Publication Date: 2008-03-11
    author-list-text: Andrea Smith
    1. Andrea Smith
    contrib-author: Andrea Smith
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388876
    illustrations-note: 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341406
    isbn-paper: 9780822341635
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    Argues that previous accounts of religious and political activism in the Native American community fail to account for the variety of positions held by this community.

    subtitle: The Gendered Politics of Unlikely Alliances
  • Native Hubs
    Author(s): Ramirez, Renya K.

    Most Native Americans in the United States live in cities, where many find themselves caught in a bind, neither afforded the full rights granted U.S. citizens nor allowed full access to the tribal programs and resources—particularly health care services—provided to Native Americans living on reservations. A scholar and a member of the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska, Renya K. Ramirez investigates how urban Native Americans negotiate what she argues is, in effect, a transnational existence. Through an ethnographic account of the Native American community in California’s Silicon Valley and beyond, Ramirez explores the ways that urban Indians have pressed their tribes, local institutions, and the federal government to expand conventional notions of citizenship.

    Ramirez’s ethnography revolves around the Paiute American activist Laverne Roberts’s notion of the “hub,” a space that allows for the creation of a sense of belonging away from a geographic center. Ramirez describes “hub-making” activities in Silicon Valley, including sweat lodge ceremonies, powwows, and American Indian Alliance meetings, gatherings at which urban Indians reinforce bonds of social belonging and forge intertribal alliances. She examines the struggle of the Muwekma Ohlone, a tribe aboriginal to the San Francisco Bay area, to maintain a sense of community without a land base and to be recognized as a tribe by the federal government. She considers the crucial role of Native women within urban indigenous communities; a 2004 meeting in which Native Americans from Mexico and the United States discussed cross-border indigenous rights activism; and the ways that young Native Americans in Silicon Valley experience race and ethnicity, especially in relation to the area’s large Chicano community. A unique and important exploration of diaspora, transnationalism, identity, belonging, and community, Native Hubs is intended for scholars and activists alike.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389897
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Renya K. Ramirez
    1. Renya K. Ramirez
    contrib-author: Renya K. Ramirez
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389897
    illustrations-note: 9 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340065
    isbn-paper: 9780822340300
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Culture, Community, and Belonging in Silicon Valley and Beyond
  • Native Men Remade
    Author(s): Tengan, Ty P. Kāwika

    Many indigenous Hawaiian men have felt profoundly disempowered by the legacies of colonization and by the tourist industry, which, in addition to occupying a great deal of land, promotes a feminized image of Native Hawaiians (evident in the ubiquitous figure of the dancing hula girl). In the 1990s a group of Native men on the island of Maui responded by refashioning and reasserting their masculine identities in a group called the Hale Mua (the “Men’s House”). As a member and an ethnographer, Ty P. Kāwika Tengan analyzes how the group’s mostly middle-aged, middle-class, and mixed-race members assert a warrior masculinity through practices including martial arts, woodcarving, and cultural ceremonies. Some of their practices are heavily influenced by or borrowed from other indigenous Polynesian traditions, including those of the Māori. The men of the Hale Mua enact their refashioned identities as they participate in temple rites, protest marches, public lectures, and cultural fairs.

    The sharing of personal stories is an integral part of Hale Mua fellowship, and Tengan’s account is filled with members’ first-person narratives. At the same time, Tengan explains how Hale Mua rituals and practices connect to broader projects of cultural revitalization and Hawaiian nationalism. He brings to light the tensions that mark the group’s efforts to reclaim indigenous masculinity as they arise in debates over nineteenth-century historical source materials and during political and cultural gatherings held in spaces designated as tourist sites. He explores class status anxieties expressed through the sharing of individual life stories, critiques of the Hale Mua registered by Hawaiian women, and challenges the group received in dialogues with other indigenous Polynesians. Native Men Remade is the fascinating story of how gender, culture, class, and personality intersect as a group of indigenous Hawaiian men work to overcome the dislocations of colonial history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389378
    Publication Date: 2008-09-29
    author-list-text: Ty P. Kāwika Tengan
    1. Ty P. Kāwika Tengan
    contrib-author: Ty P. Kāwika Tengan
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389378
    illustrations-note: 25 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343387
    isbn-paper: 9780822343219
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    An ethnographic study of the recuperation and construction of Hawaiian indigenous masculinity through participation in the rituals of the Hale Mua "Men's House" group in Maui.

    subtitle: Gender and Nation in Contemporary Hawai‘i
  • Native Moderns
    Author(s): Anthes, Bill; Thomas, Nicholas

    Between 1940 and 1960, many Native American artists made bold departures from what was considered the traditional style of Indian painting. They drew on European and other non-Native American aesthetic innovations to create hybrid works that complicated notions of identity, authenticity, and tradition. This richly illustrated volume focuses on the work of these pioneering Native artists, including Pueblo painters José Lente and Jimmy Byrnes, Ojibwe painters Patrick DesJarlait and George Morrison, Cheyenne painter Dick West, and Dakota painter Oscar Howe. Bill Anthes argues for recognizing the transformative work of these Native American artists as distinctly modern, and he explains how bringing Native American modernism to the foreground rewrites the broader canon of American modernism.

    In the mid-twentieth century, Native artists began to produce work that reflected the accelerating integration of Indian communities into the national mainstream as well as, in many instances, their own experiences beyond Indian reservations as soldiers or students. During this period, a dynamic exchange among Native and non-Native collectors, artists, and writers emerged. Anthes describes the roles of several anthropologists in promoting modern Native art, the treatment of Native American “Primitivism” in the writing of the Jewish American critic and painter Barnett Newman, and the painter Yeffe Kimball’s brazen appropriation of a Native identity. While much attention has been paid to the inspiration Native American culture provided to non-Native modern artists, Anthes reveals a mutual cross-cultural exchange that enriched and transformed the art of both Natives and non-Natives.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388104
    Publication Date: 2006-10-13
    author-list-text: Bill Anthes and Nicholas Thomas
    1. Bill Anthes and
    2. Nicholas Thomas
    contrib-author: Bill Anthes
    contrib-series-editor: Nicholas Thomas
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388104
    illustrations-note: 34 photos (incl. 28 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338505
    isbn-paper: 9780822338666
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories

    This lavishly illustrated art history situates the work of pioneering mid-twentieth-century Native American artists within the broader canon of American modernism.

    subtitle: American Indian Painting, 1940–1960
  • Native Sons
    Author(s): Mann, Gregory; Adams, Julia; Steinmetz, George

    For much of the twentieth century, France recruited colonial subjects from sub-Saharan Africa to serve in its military, sending West African soldiers to fight its battles in Europe, Southeast Asia, and North Africa. In this exemplary contribution to the “new imperial history,” Gregory Mann argues that this shared military experience between France and Africa was fundamental not only to their colonial relationship but also to the reconfiguration of that relationship in the postcolonial era. Mann explains that in the early twenty-first century, among Africans in France and Africa, and particularly in Mali—where Mann conducted his research—the belief that France has not adequately recognized and compensated the African veterans of its wars is widely held and frequently invoked. It continues to animate the political relationship between France and Africa, especially debates about African immigration to France.

    Focusing on the period between World War I and 1968, Mann draws on archival research and extensive interviews with surviving Malian veterans of French wars to explore the experiences of the African soldiers. He describes the effects their long absences and infrequent homecomings had on these men and their communities, he considers the veterans’ status within contemporary Malian society, and he examines their efforts to claim recognition and pensions from France. Mann contends that Mali is as much a postslavery society as it is a postcolonial one, and that specific ideas about reciprocity, mutual obligation, and uneven exchange that had developed during the era of slavery remain influential today, informing Malians’ conviction that France owes them a “blood debt” for the military service of African soldiers in French wars.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387817
    Publication Date: 2006-06-28
    author-list-text: Gregory Mann, Julia Adams and George Steinmetz
    1. Gregory Mann,
    2. Julia Adams and
    3. George Steinmetz
    contrib-author: Gregory Mann
    contrib-series-editor: Julia Adams; George Steinmetz
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387817
    illustrations-note: 9 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337553
    isbn-paper: 9780822337683
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Politics, History, and Culture

    History of the French colonial military in Mali from WWI to 1968 that focuses on three generations of African war veterans.

    subtitle: West African Veterans and France in the Twentieth Century
  • Natural and Moral History of the Indies
    Author(s): de Acosta, José; Mangan, Jane E.; Lopez-Morillas, Frances; Mignolo, Walter D.

    The Natural and Moral History of the Indies, the classic work of New World history originally published by José de Acosta in 1590, is now available in the first new English translation to appear in several hundred years. A Spanish Jesuit, Acosta produced this account by drawing on his own observations as a missionary in Peru and Mexico, as well as from the writings of other missionaries, naturalists, and soldiers who explored the region during the sixteenth century. One of the first comprehensive investigations of the New World, Acosta’s study is strikingly broad in scope. He describes the region’s natural resources, flora and fauna, and terrain. He also writes in detail about the Amerindians and their religious and political practices.

    A significant contribution to Renaissance Europe's thinking about the New World, Acosta's Natural and Moral History of the Indies reveals an effort to incorporate new information into a Christian, Renaissance worldview. He attempted to confirm for his European readers that a "new" continent did indeed exist and that human beings could and did live in equatorial climates. A keen observer and prescient thinker, Acosta hypothesized that Latin America's indigenous peoples migrated to the region from Asia, an idea put forth more than a century before Europeans learned of the Bering Strait. Acosta's work established a hierarchical classification of Amerindian peoples and thus contributed to what today is understood as the colonial difference in Renaissance European thinking.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383932
    Publication Date: 2002-09-24
    author-list-text: José de Acosta, Frances Lopez-Morillas and Walter D. Mignolo
    1. José de Acosta,
    2. Frances Lopez-Morillas and
    3. Walter D. Mignolo
    contrib-author: José de Acosta
    contrib-editor: Jane E. Mangan
    contrib-other: Walter D. Mignolo
    contrib-translator: Frances Lopez-Morillas
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383932
    illustrations-note: 10 figures, 3 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328322
    isbn-paper: 9780822328452
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America in Translation

    Exploration of th society, surroundings and lives of the Amerindians of the Western Indies and the Americas (what we would call Latin America) as seen through first-hand observations of Jose Acosta and the written accounts of other ethnohistorians, soldie

  • Nature as Event
    Author(s): Debaise, Didier; Halewood, Michael

    We have entered a new era of nature. What remains of the frontiers of modern thought that divided the living from the inert, subjectivity from objectivity, the apparent from the real, value from fact, and the human from the nonhuman? Can the great oppositions that presided over the modern invention of nature still claim any cogency? In Nature as Event, Didier Debaise shows how new narratives and cosmologies are necessary to rearticulate that which until now had been separated. Following William James and Alfred North Whitehead, Debaise presents a pluralistic approach to nature. What would happen if we attributed subjectivity and potential to all beings, human and nonhuman? Why should we not consider aesthetics and affect as the fabric that binds all existence? And what if the senses of importance and value were no longer understood to be exclusively limited to the human?

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372424
    Publication Date: 2017-09-15
    author-list-text: Didier Debaise and Michael Halewood
    1. Didier Debaise and
    2. Michael Halewood
    contrib-author: Didier Debaise
    contrib-translator: Michael Halewood
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372424
    isbn-cloth: 9780822369332
    isbn-paper: 9780822369486
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Thought in the Act

    Didier Debaise brings Alfred North Whitehead's philosophies of nature to bear on the Anthropocene, creating a new theory of nature that does not recognize a divide between the human and nonhuman, a theory in which all organisms have the power to unleash potential into the world.

    subtitle: The Lure of the Possible
  • Nature in the Global South
    Author(s): Greenough, Paul; Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt; Anderson, Warwick; Zerner, Charles

    A nuanced look at how nature has been culturally constructed in South and Southeast Asia, Nature in the Global South is a major contribution to understandings of the politics and ideologies of environmentalism and development in a postcolonial epoch. Among the many significant paradigms for understanding both the preservation and use of nature in these regions are biological classification, state forest management, tropical ecology, imperial water control, public health, and community-based conservation. Focusing on these and other ways that nature has been shaped and defined, this pathbreaking collection of essays describes projects of exploitation, administration, science, and community protest.

    With contributors based in anthropology, ecology, sociology, history, and environmental and policy studies, Nature in the Global South features some of the most innovative and influential work being done in the social studies of nature. While some of the essays look at how social and natural landscapes are created, maintained, and transformed by scientists, officials, monks, and farmers, others analyze specific campaigns to eradicate smallpox and save forests, waterways, and animal habitats. In case studies centered in the Philippines, India, Pakistan, Thailand, Indonesia, and South and Southeast Asia as a whole, contributors examine how the tropics, the jungle, tribes, and peasants are understood and transformed; how shifts in colonial ideas about the landscape led to extremely deleterious changes in rural well-being; and how uneasy environmental compromises are forged in the present among rural, urban, and global allies.


    Warwick Anderson

    Amita Baviskar

    Peter Brosius

    Susan Darlington

    Michael R. Dove

    Ann Grodzins Gold

    Paul Greenough

    Roger Jeffery

    Nancy Peluso

    K. Sivaramakrishnan

    Nandini Sundar

    Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing

    Charles Zerner

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385004
    Publication Date: 2003-08-08
    author-list-text: Warwick Anderson and Charles Zerner
    1. Warwick Anderson and
    2. Charles Zerner
    contrib-editor: Paul Greenough; Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing
    contrib-other: Warwick Anderson; Charles Zerner
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385004
    illustrations-note: 3 tables, 4 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331506
    isbn-paper: 9780822331490
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Alternative cultural forms of environmentalism in South and Southeast Asia.

    subtitle: Environmental Projects in South and Southeast Asia
  • Nature in Translation
    Author(s): Satsuka, Shiho

    Nature in Translation is an ethnographic exploration in the cultural politics of the translation of knowledge about nature. Shiho Satsuka follows the Japanese tour guides who lead hikes, nature walks, and sightseeing bus tours for Japanese tourists in Canada's Banff National Park and illustrates how they aspired to become local "nature interpreters" by learning the ecological knowledge authorized by the National Park. The guides assumed the universal appeal of Canada’s magnificent nature, but their struggle in translating nature reveals that our understanding of nature—including scientific knowledge—is always shaped by the specific socio-cultural concerns of the particular historical context. These include the changing meanings of work in a neoliberal economy, as well as culturally-specific dreams of finding freedom and self-actualization in Canada's vast nature. Drawing on nearly two years of fieldwork in Banff and a decade of conversations with the guides, Satsuka argues that knowing nature is an unending process of cultural translation, full of tensions, contradictions, and frictions. Ultimately, the translation of nature concerns what counts as human, what kind of society is envisioned, and who is included and excluded in the society as a legitimate subject.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375609
    Publication Date: 2015-06-18
    author-list-text: Shiho Satsuka
    1. Shiho Satsuka
    contrib-author: Shiho Satsuka
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375609
    illustrations-note: 1 illustration
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358671
    isbn-paper: 9780822358800
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In Nature in Translation Shiho Satsuka studies Japanese tour guides who lead Japanese tourists on trips through the Canadian Rockies. By presenting nature in ways attuned to Japanese culture, these guides translate nature, a process that makes visible the cultural construction of nature and subjectivities.

    subtitle: Japanese Tourism Encounters the Canadian Rockies
  • Necro Citizenship
    Author(s): Castronovo, Russ; Pease, Donald E.

    In Necro Citizenship Russ Castronovo argues that the meaning of citizenship in the United States during the nineteenth century was bound to—and even dependent on—death. Deploying an impressive range of literary and cultural texts, Castronovo interrogates an American public sphere that fetishized death as a crucial point of political identification. This morbid politics idealized disembodiment over embodiment, spiritual conditions over material ones, amnesia over history, and passivity over engagement.

    Moving from medical engravings, séances, and clairvoyant communication to Supreme Court decisions, popular literature, and physiological tracts, Necro Citizenship explores how rituals of inclusion and belonging have generated alienation and dispossession. Castronovo contends that citizenship does violence to bodies, especially those of blacks, women, and workers. “Necro ideology,” he argues, supplied citizens with the means to think about slavery, economic powerlessness, or social injustice as eternal questions, beyond the scope of politics or critique. By obsessing on sleepwalkers, drowned women, and other corpses, necro ideology fostered a collective demand for an abstract even antidemocratic sense of freedom. Examining issues involving the occult, white sexuality, ghosts, and suicide in conjunction with readings of Harriet Jacobs, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Frederick Douglass, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Frances Harper, Necro Citizenship successfully demonstrates why Patrick Henry's “give me liberty or give me death” has resonated so strongly in the American imagination.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380146
    Publication Date: 2001-09-06
    author-list-text: Russ Castronovo and Donald E. Pease
    1. Russ Castronovo and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Russ Castronovo
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380146
    illustrations-note: 17 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327752
    isbn-paper: 9780822327721
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists

    Argues that the category of death was a central part of the concept of citizenship in the nineteenth-century U.S., and that the particular form of that construction functioned to naturalize white males as ideal citizens.

    subtitle: Death, Eroticism, and the Public Sphere in the Nineteenth-Century United States
  • Negative Liberties
    Author(s): Patell, Cyrus R. K.; Pease, Donald E.

    Since the nineteenth century, ideas centered on the individual, on Emersonian self-reliance, and on the right of the individual to the pursuit of happiness have had a tremendous presence in the United States—and even more so after the Reagan era. But has this presence been for the good of all? In Negative Liberties Cyrus R. K. Patell revises important ideas in the debate about individualism and the political theory of liberalism. He does so by adding two new voices to the current discussion—Toni Morrison and Thomas Pynchon—to examine the different ways in which their writings embody, engage, and critique the official narrative generated by U.S. liberal ideology.

    Pynchon and Morrison reveal the official narrative of individualism as encompassing a complex structure of contradiction held in abeyance. This narrative imagines that the goals of the individual are not at odds with the goals of the family or society and in fact obscures the existence of an unholy truce between individual liberty and forms of oppression. By bringing these two fiction writers into a discourse dominated by Ralph Waldo Emerson, Isaiah Berlin, John Rawls, George Kateb, Robert Bellah, and Michael Sandel, Patell unmasks the ways in which contemporary U.S. culture has not fully shed the oppressive patterns of reasoning handed down by the slaveholding culture from which American individualism emerged.

    With its interdisciplinary approach, Negative Liberties will appeal to students and scholars of American literature, culture, sociology, and politics.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380672
    Publication Date: 2001-05-07
    author-list-text: Cyrus R. K. Patell and Donald E. Pease
    1. Cyrus R. K. Patell and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Cyrus R. K. Patell
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380672
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326649
    isbn-paper: 9780822326694
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists

    A revisionary view of the history of liberalism in the USA, and an assessment of its viability in the present.

    subtitle: Morrison, Pynchon, and the Problem of Liberal Ideology
  • Neglected Policies
    Author(s): Strauber, Ira L.

    In Neglected Policies, Ira L. Strauber challenges scholars and critics of constitutional jurisprudence to think differently about the Constitution and its interpretation. He argues that important aspects of law, policies, and politics are neglected because legal formalisms, philosophical theories, the reasoning of litigators and judges, and even the role of the courts are too often taken for granted. Strauber advocates an alternative approach to thinking about the legal and moral abstractions ordinarily used in constitutional decision making. His approach, which he calls “agnostic skepticism,” interrogates all received jurisprudential notions, abandoning the search for “right answers” to legal questions. It demands that attention be paid to the context-specific, circumstantial social facts relevant to given controversies and requires a habit of mind at home with relativism.

    Strauber situates agnostic skepticism within contemporary legal thought, explaining how it draws upon sociological jurisprudence, legal realism, and critical legal studies. Through studies of cases involving pornography, adoption custody battles, flag burning, federalism, and environmental politics, he demonstrates how agnostic skepticism applies to constitutional issues. Strauber contends that training in skeptical critique will enable a new kind of civic education and culture—one in which citizens are increasingly tolerant of the ambiguities and contradictions inherent in the law and politics of a pluralistic society.

    Using insights from the social sciences to examine the ways constitutional cases are studied and taught, Neglected Policies will interest scholars of jurisprudence, political science, and the sociology of law.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384267
    Publication Date: 2002-08-16
    author-list-text: Ira L. Strauber
    1. Ira L. Strauber
    contrib-author: Ira L. Strauber
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822384267
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329459
    isbn-paper: 9780822330417
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Offers a critique of the political goals of legal scholars, seeking to expose the extent to which both jurisprudence and political theory are subject to “an ideology of involvement” that falsely assumes a direct relation between scholarly opin

    subtitle: Constitutional Law and Legal Commentary as Civic Education
  • Negotiated Moments
    Author(s): Siddall, Gillian; Waterman, Ellen

    The contributors to Negotiated Moments explore how subjectivity is formed and expressed through musical improvisation, tracing the ways the transmission and reception of sound occur within and between bodies in real and virtual time and across memory, history, and space. They place the gendered, sexed, raced, classed, disabled, and technologized body at the center of critical improvisation studies and move beyond the field's tendency toward celebrating improvisation's utopian and democratic ideals by highlighting the improvisation of marginalized subjects. Rejecting a singular theory of improvisational agency, the contributors show how improvisation helps people gain hard-won and highly contingent agency. Essays include analyses of the role of the body and technology in performance, improvisation's ability to disrupt power relations, Pauline Oliveros's ideas about listening, flautist Nicole Mitchell's compositions based on Octavia Butler's science fiction, and an interview with Judith Butler about the relationship between her work and improvisation. The contributors' close attention to improvisation provides a touchstone for examining subjectivities and offers ways to hear the full spectrum of ideas that sound out from and resonate within and across bodies. 

    Contributors. George Blake, David Borgo, Judith Butler, Rebecca Caines, Louise Campbell, Illa Carrillo Rodríguez, Berenice Corti, Andrew Raffo Dewar, Nina Eidsheim, Tomie Hahn, Jaclyn Heyen, Christine Sun Kim, Catherine Lee, Andra McCartney, Tracy McMullen, Kevin McNeilly, Leaf Miller, Jovana Milovic, François Mouillot, Pauline Oliveros, Jason Robinson, Neil Rolnick, Simon Rose, Gillian Siddall, Julie Dawn Smith, Jesse Stewart, Clara Tomaz, Sherrie Tucker, Lindsay Vogt, Zachary Wallmark, Ellen Waterman, David Whalen, Pete Williams, Deborah Wong, Mandy-Suzanne Wong

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374497
    Publication Date: 2016-03-04
    contrib-editor: Gillian Siddall; Ellen Waterman
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374497
    illustrations-note: 11 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360827
    isbn-paper: 9780822360964
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Improvisation, Community, and Social Practice

    Placing the body at the center of critical improvisation studies, the contributors to Negotiated Moments explore the challenges of negotiating subjectivity through improvisation in various forms—from jazz, Japanese taiko drumming, and Iranian classical music to sound walking and political street theater.

    subtitle: Improvisation, Sound, and Subjectivity
  • Negotiating National Identity
    Author(s): Lesser, Jeffrey

    Despite great ethnic and racial diversity, ethnicity in Brazil is often portrayed as a matter of black or white, a distinction reinforced by the ruling elite’s efforts to craft the nation’s identity in its own image—white, Christian, and European. In Negotiating National Identity Jeffrey Lesser explores the crucial role ethnic minorities from China, Japan, North Africa, and the Middle East have played in constructing Brazil’s national identity, thereby challenging dominant notions of nationality and citizenship.

    Employing a cross-cultural approach, Lesser examines a variety of acculturating responses by minority groups, from insisting on their own whiteness to becoming ultra-nationalists and even entering secret societies that insisted Japan had won World War II. He discusses how various minority groups engaged in similar, and successful, strategies of integration even as they faced immense discrimination and prejudice. Some believed that their ethnic heritage was too high a price to pay for the “privilege” of being white and created alternative categories for themselves, such as Syrian-Lebanese, Japanese-Brazilian, and so on. By giving voice to the role ethnic minorities have played in weaving a broader definition of national identity, this book challenges the notion that elite discourse is hegemonic and provides the first comprehensive look at Brazilian worlds often ignored by scholars.

    Based on extensive research, Negotiating National Identity will be valuable to scholars and students in Brazilian and Latin American studies, as well as those in the fields of immigrant history, ethnic studies, and race relations.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399292
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Jeffrey Lesser
    1. Jeffrey Lesser
    contrib-author: Jeffrey Lesser
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822399292
    illustrations-note: 11 b&w photographs, 4 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322603
    isbn-paper: 9780822322924
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Immigrants, Minorities, and the Struggle for Ethnicity in Brazil
  • Negotiating Performance
    Author(s): Taylor, Diana; Villegas, Juan

    In Negotiating Performance, major scholars and practitioners of the theatrical arts consider the diversity of Latin American and U. S. Latino performance: indigenous theater, performance art, living installations, carnival, public demonstrations, and gender acts such as transvestism. By redefining performance to include such events as Mayan and AIDS theater, the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, and Argentinean drag culture, this energetic volume discusses the dynamics of Latino/a identity politics and the sometimes discordant intersection of gender, sexuality, and nationalisms.

    The Latin/o America examined here stretches from Patagonia to New York City, bridging the political and geographical divides between U.S. Latinos and Latin Americans. Moving from Nuyorican casitas in the South Bronx, to subversive street performances in Buenos Aires, to border art from San Diego/Tijuana, this volume negotiates the borders that bring Americans together and keep them apart, while at the same time debating the use of the contested term "Latino/a." In the emerging dialogue, contributors reenvision an inclusive "América," a Latin/o America that does not pit nationality against ethnicity—in other words, a shared space, and a home to all Latin/o Americans.

    Negotiating Performance opens up the field of Latin/o American theater and performance criticism by looking at performance work by Mayans, women, gays, lesbians, and other marginalized groups. In so doing, this volume will interest a wide audience of students and scholars in feminist and gender studies, theater and performance studies, and Latin American and Latino cultural studies.

    Contributors. Judith Bettelheim, Sue-Ellen Case, Juan Flores, Jean Franco, Donald H. Frischmann, Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Jorge Huerta, Tiffany Ana López, Jacqueline Lazú, María Teresa Marrero, Cherríe Moraga, Kirsten F. Nigro, Patrick O’Connor, Jorge Salessi, Alberto Sandoval, Cynthia Steele, Diana Taylor, Juan Villegas, Marguerite Waller

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399278
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    contrib-editor: Diana Taylor; Juan Villegas
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822399278
    illustrations-note: 36 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315049
    isbn-paper: 9780822315155
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Gender, Sexuality, and Theatricality in Latin/o America
  • Negro Soy Yo
    Author(s): Perry, Marc D.

    In Negro Soy Yo Marc D. Perry explores Cuba’s hip hop movement as a window into the racial complexities of the island’s ongoing transition from revolutionary socialism toward free-market capitalism. Centering on the music and lives of black-identified raperos (rappers), Perry examines the ways these young artists craft notions of black Cuban identity and racial citizenship, along with calls for racial justice, at the fraught confluence of growing Afro-Cuban marginalization and long held perceptions of Cuba as a non-racial nation. Situating hip hop within a long history of Cuban racial politics, Perry discusses the artistic and cultural exchanges between raperos and North American rappers and activists, and their relationships with older Afro-Cuban intellectuals and African American political exiles. He also examines critiques of Cuban patriarchy by female raperos, the competing rise of reggaetón, as well as state efforts to incorporate hip hop into its cultural institutions. At this pivotal moment of Cuban-U.S. relations, Perry's analysis illuminates the evolving dynamics of race, agency, and neoliberal transformation amid a Cuba in historic flux. 

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374954
    Publication Date: 2015-11-30
    author-list-text: Marc D. Perry
    1. Marc D. Perry
    contrib-author: Marc D. Perry
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374954
    illustrations-note: 14 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359852
    isbn-paper: 9780822358855
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring American Music

    In Negro Soy Yo Marc D. Perry explores how Cuban raperos (black-identified rappers) in Havana craft notions of black Cuban identity and racial citizenship in the face of continuing racism and marginalization during an era in which the Cuban economy, society, and nationhood have been under constant flux.

    subtitle: Hip Hop and Raced Citizenship in Neoliberal Cuba
  • Neither Cargo nor Cult
    Author(s): Kaplan, Martha

    In the 1880s an oracle priest, Navosavakadua, mobilized Fijians of the hinterlands against the encroachment of both Fijian chiefs and British colonizers. British officials called the movement the Tuka cult, imagining it as a contagious superstition that had to be stopped. Navosavakadua and many of his followers, deemed "dangerous and disaffected natives," were exiled. Scholars have since made Tuka the standard example of the Pacific cargo cult, describing it as a millenarian movement in which dispossessed islanders sought Western goods by magical means. In this study of colonial and postcolonial Fiji, Martha Kaplan examines the effects of narratives made real and traces a complex history that began neither as a search for cargo, nor as a cult.

    Engaging Fijian oral history and texts as well as colonial records, Kaplan resituates Tuka in the flow of indigenous Fijian history-making and rereads the archives for an ethnography of British colonizing power. Proposing neither unchanging indigenous culture nor the inevitable hegemony of colonial power, she describes the dialogic relationship between plural, contesting, and changing articulations of both Fijian and colonial culture.

    A remarkable enthnographic account of power and meaning, Neither Cargo nor Cult addresses compelling questions within anthropological theory. It will attract a wide audience among those interested in colonial and postcolonial societies, ritual and religious movements, hegemony and resistance, and the Pacific Islands.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381914
    Publication Date: 1995-06-20
    author-list-text: Martha Kaplan
    1. Martha Kaplan
    contrib-author: Martha Kaplan
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822381914
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315780
    isbn-paper: 9780822315933
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Ritual Politics and the Colonial Imagination in Fiji
  • Neoliberalism as Exception
    Author(s): Ong, Aihwa

    Neoliberalism is commonly viewed as an economic doctrine that seeks to limit the scope of government. Some consider it a form of predatory capitalism with adverse effects on the Global South. In this groundbreaking work, Aihwa Ong offers an alternative view of neoliberalism as an extraordinarily malleable technology of governing that is taken up in different ways by different regimes, be they authoritarian, democratic, or communist. Ong shows how East and Southeast Asian states are making exceptions to their usual practices of governing in order to position themselves to compete in the global economy. As she demonstrates, a variety of neoliberal strategies of governing are re-engineering political spaces and populations. Ong’s ethnographic case studies illuminate experiments and developments such as China’s creation of special market zones within its socialist economy; pro-capitalist Islam and women’s rights in Malaysia; Singapore’s repositioning as a hub of scientific expertise; and flexible labor and knowledge regimes that span the Pacific.

    Ong traces how these and other neoliberal exceptions to business as usual are reconfiguring relationships between governing and the governed, power and knowledge, and sovereignty and territoriality. She argues that an interactive mode of citizenship is emerging, one that organizes people—and distributes rights and benefits to them—according to their marketable skills rather than according to their membership within nation-states. Those whose knowledge and skills are not assigned significant market value—such as migrant women working as domestic maids in many Asian cities—are denied citizenship. Nevertheless, Ong suggests that as the seam between sovereignty and citizenship is pried apart, a new space is emerging for NGOs to advocate for the human rights of those excluded by neoliberal measures of human worthiness.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387879
    Publication Date: 2006-06-28
    author-list-text: Aihwa Ong
    1. Aihwa Ong
    contrib-author: Aihwa Ong
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387879
    illustrations-note: 6 b&w photos, 2 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337362
    isbn-paper: 9780822337485
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A successor to FLEXIBLE CITIZENSHIP, focusing on the meanings of citizenship to different classes of immigrants and transnational subjects.

    subtitle: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty
  • Neoliberalism from Below
    Author(s): Gago, Verónica; Mason-Deese, Liz

    In Neoliberalism from Below—first published in Argentina in 2014—Verónica Gago examines how Latin American neoliberalism is propelled not just from above by international finance, corporations, and government, but also by the activities of migrant workers, vendors, sweatshop workers, and other marginalized groups. Using the massive illegal market La Salada in Buenos Aires as a point of departure, Gago shows how alternative economic practices, such as the sale of counterfeit goods produced in illegal textile factories, resist neoliberalism while simultaneously succumbing to its models of exploitative labor and production. Gago demonstrates how La Salada's economic dynamics mirror those found throughout urban Latin America. In so doing, she provides a new theory of neoliberalism and a nuanced view of the tense mix of calculation and freedom, obedience and resistance, individualism and community, and legality and illegality that fuels the increasingly powerful popular economies of the global South's large cities.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372738
    Publication Date: 2017-09-01
    author-list-text: Verónica Gago and Liz Mason-Deese
    1. Verónica Gago and
    2. Liz Mason-Deese
    contrib-author: Verónica Gago
    contrib-translator: Liz Mason-Deese
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372738
    isbn-cloth: 9780822368830
    isbn-paper: 9780822369127
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical Américas

    Verónica Gago provides a new theory of neoliberalism by examining how Latin American neoliberalism is propelled not just from above by international finance, corporations, and government, but by the activities of migrant workers, vendors, sweatshop workers, and other marginalized groups in and around the La Salada market in Buenos Aires.

    subtitle: Popular Pragmatics and Baroque Economies
  • Networked Reenactments
    Author(s): King, Katie; Haraway, Donna J.

    Since the 1990s, the knowledge, culture, and entertainment industries have found themselves experimenting, not altogether voluntarily, with communicating complex information across multiple media platforms. Against a backdrop of competing national priorities, changing technologies, globalization, and academic capitalism, these industries have sought to reach increasingly differentiated local audiences, even as distributed production practices have made the lack of authorial control increasingly obvious. As Katie King describes in Networked Reenactments, science-styled television—such as the Secrets of Lost Empires series shown on the PBS program Nova—demonstrates how new technical and collaborative skills are honed by television producers, curators, hobbyists, fans, and even scholars. Examining how transmedia storytelling is produced across platforms such as television and the web, she analyzes what this all means for the humanities. What sort of knowledge projects take up these skills, attending to grain of detail, evoking affective intensities, and zooming in and out, representing multiple scales, as well as many different perspectives? And what might this mean for feminist transdisciplinary work, or something sometimes called the posthumanities?

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394464
    Publication Date: 2011-12-23
    author-list-text: Katie King and Donna J. Haraway
    1. Katie King and
    2. Donna J. Haraway
    contrib-author: Katie King
    contrib-other: Donna J. Haraway
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394464
    illustrations-note: 19 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350545
    isbn-paper: 9780822350729
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In this feminist cultural study of reenactments, Katie King traces the development of a new kind of transmedia storytelling during the 1990s, as a response to the increasing difficulty of reaching large audiences at a time where entertainment media and knowledge production were both being restructured.

    subtitle: Stories Transdisciplinary Knowledges Tell
  • Networking Futures
    Author(s): Juris, Jeffrey S.; Fischer, Michael M. J.; Dumit, Joseph

    Since the first worldwide protests inspired by Peoples’ Global Action (PGA)—including the mobilization against the November 1999 World Trade Organization meetings in Seattle—anti–corporate globalization activists have staged direct action protests against multilateral institutions in cities such as Prague, Barcelona, Genoa, and Cancun. Barcelona is a critical node, as Catalan activists have played key roles in the more radical PGA network and the broader World Social Forum process. In 2001 and 2002, the anthropologist Jeffrey S. Juris participated in the Barcelona-based Movement for Global Resistance, one of the most influential anti–corporate globalization networks in Europe. Combining ethnographic research and activist political engagement, Juris took part in hundreds of meetings, gatherings, protests, and online discussions. Those experiences form the basis of Networking Futures, an innovative ethnography of transnational activist networking within the movements against corporate globalization.

    In an account full of activist voices and on-the-ground detail, Juris provides a history of anti–corporate globalization movements, an examination of their connections to local dynamics in Barcelona, and an analysis of movement-related politics, organizational forms, and decision-making. Depicting spectacular direct action protests in Barcelona and other cities, he describes how far-flung activist networks are embodied and how networking politics are performed. He further explores how activists have used e-mail lists, Web pages, and free software to organize actions, share information, coordinate at a distance, and stage “electronic civil disobedience.” Based on a powerful cultural logic, anti–corporate globalization networks have become models of and for emerging forms of radical, directly democratic politics. Activists are not only responding to growing poverty, inequality, and environmental devastation; they are also building social laboratories for the production of alternative values, discourses, and practices.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389170
    Publication Date: 2008-06-18
    author-list-text: Jeffrey S. Juris, Michael M. J. Fischer and Joseph Dumit
    1. Jeffrey S. Juris,
    2. Michael M. J. Fischer and
    3. Joseph Dumit
    contrib-author: Jeffrey S. Juris
    contrib-series-editor: Michael M. J. Fischer; Joseph Dumit
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389170
    illustrations-note: 29 illustrations, 8 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342502
    isbn-paper: 9780822342694
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Experimental Futures

    An innovative ethnography of transnational activist networking within the movements against corporate globalization.

    subtitle: The Movements against Corporate Globalization
  • Neutral Accent
    Author(s): Aneesh, A.

    In Neutral Accent, A. Aneesh employs India's call centers as useful sites for studying global change. The horizon of global economic shift, the consequences of global integration, and the ways in which call center work "neutralizes" racial, ethnic, and national identities become visible from the confines of their cubicles. In his interviews with call service workers and in his own work in a call center in the high tech metropolis of Gurgoan, India, Aneesh observed the difficulties these workers face in bridging cultures, laws, and economies: having to speak in an accent that does not betray their ethnicity, location, or social background; learning foreign social norms; and working graveyard shifts to accommodate international customers. Call center work is cast as independent of place, space, and time, and its neutrality—which Aneesh defines as indifference to difference—has become normal business practice in a global economy. The work of call center employees in the globally integrated marketplace comes at a cost, however, as they become disconnected from the local interactions and personal relationships that make their lives anything but neutral.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375715
    Publication Date: 2015-04-24
    author-list-text: A. Aneesh
    1. A. Aneesh
    contrib-author: A. Aneesh
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375715
    illustrations-note: 15 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358466
    isbn-paper: 9780822358534
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A. Aneesh uses India's call centers as sites to study the consequences of successful global integration. Call center work requires neutralizing racial, ethnic, and national identities, which causes a disintegration of self where the performance of one's neutralized identity serves the system of global markets.

    subtitle: How Language, Labor, and Life Become Global
  • Never Alone, Except for Now
    Author(s): Cohen, Kris

    How is it that one can be connected to a vast worldwide network of other people and places via digital technologies and yet also be completely alone? Kris Cohen tackles this philosophical question in Never Alone, Except for Now by exploring how contemporary technologies are changing group formations and affiliations within social life. He identifies a new form of collectivity that exists between publics, which are built through conscious acts, and populations, which are automatically constructed through the collection of Big Data. Finding traditional liberal concepts of the public sphere and neoliberal ideas of populations inadequate on their own to examine these new forms of sociality, Cohen places familiar features of the web—such as emoticons, trolling, and search engines—in conversation with artworks by Felix Gonzalez-Torres, William Gibson, Sharon Hayes, and Thomson & Craighead to more precisely articulate the affective and aesthetic experiences of living between publics and populations. This liminal experience—caught between existing as a set of data points and as individuals newly empowered to create their own online communities—explains, Cohen contends, how one is simultaneously alone and connected in ways never before possible.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372509
    Publication Date: 2017-10-06
    author-list-text: Kris Cohen
    1. Kris Cohen
    contrib-author: Kris Cohen
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372509
    illustrations-note: 20 illustrations, incl. 16 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822369257
    isbn-paper: 9780822369400
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Juxtaposing contemporary art against familiar features of the Web such as emoticons, Kris Cohen explores how one can be connected to people and places online while simultaneously being alone and isolated. This phenomenon lies in the space between populations built through data collection, and publics created by interacting with others.

    subtitle: Art, Networks, Populations
  • Never Say I
    Author(s): Lucey, Michael; Barale, Michèle Aina; Goldberg, Jonathan; Moon, Michael; Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky

    Never Say I reveals the centrality of representations of sexuality, and particularly same-sex sexual relations, to the evolution of literary prose forms in twentieth-century France. Rethinking the social and literary innovation of works by Marcel Proust, André Gide, and Colette, Michael Lucey considers these writers’ production of a first-person voice in which matters related to same-sex sexuality could be spoken of. He shows how their writings and careers took on political and social import in part through the contribution they made to the representation of social groups that were only slowly coming to be publicly recognized. Proust, Gide, and Colette helped create persons and characters, points of view, and narrative practices from which to speak and write about, for, or as people attracted to those of the same sex.

    Considering novels along with journalism, theatrical performances, correspondences, and face-to-face encounters, Lucey focuses on the interlocking social and formal dimensions of using the first person. He argues for understanding the first person not just as a grammatical category but also as a collectively produced social artifact, demonstrating that Proust’s, Gide’s, and Colette’s use of the first person involved a social process of assuming the authority to speak about certain issues, or on behalf of certain people. Lucey reveals these three writers as both practitioners and theorists of the first person; he traces how, when they figured themselves or other first persons in certain statements regarding same-sex identity, they self-consciously called attention to the creative effort involved in doing so.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388371
    Publication Date: 2006-10-27
    author-list-text: Michael Lucey, Michèle Aina Barale, Jonathan Goldberg, Michael Moon and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    1. Michael Lucey,
    2. Michèle Aina Barale,
    3. Jonathan Goldberg,
    4. Michael Moon and
    5. Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    contrib-author: Michael Lucey
    contrib-series-editor: Michèle Aina Barale; Jonathan Goldberg; Michael Moon; Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388371
    illustrations-note: 4 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338574
    isbn-paper: 9780822338970
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q

    Rereads the works of Colette, Gide, and Proust to show how central representations of sexuality were to the evolution of literary prose forms in twentieth-century France.

    subtitle: Sexuality and the First Person in Colette, Gide, and Proust
  • New Approaches to Resistance in Brazil and Mexico
    Author(s): Gledhill, John; Schell, Patience A.

    Bringing together historically and ethnographically grounded studies of the social and political life of Brazil and Mexico, this collection of essays revitalizes resistance as an area of study. Resistance studies boomed in the 1980s and then was subject to a wave of critique in the 1990s. Covering the colonial period to the present day, the case studies in this collection suggest that, even if much of that critique was justified, resistance remains a useful analytic rubric. The collection has three sections, each of which is preceded by a short introduction. A section focused on religious institutions and movements is bracketed by one featuring historical studies from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries and another gathering more contemporary, ethnographically-based studies. Introducing the collection, the anthropologist John Gledhill traces the debates about resistance studies. In the conclusion, Alan Knight provides a historian’s perspective on the broader implications of the contributors’ findings.

    Contributors. Helga Baitenmann, Marcus J. M. de Carvalho, Guillermo de la Peña, John Gledhill, Matthew Gutmann, Maria Gabriela Hita, Alan Knight, Ilka Boaventura Leite, Jean Meyer, John Monteiro, Luis Nicolau Parés, Patricia R. Pessar, Patience A. Schell, Robert Slenes, Juan Pedro Viqueira, Margarita Zárate

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395072
    Publication Date: 2012-03-16
    contrib-editor: John Gledhill; Patience A. Schell
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395072
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351733
    isbn-paper: 9780822351870
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    This edited collection by scholars of both history and anthropology re-examines the concepts of resistance and the effect of neoliberalism from the 1980s to the present day comparing Brazil and Mexico, two of the largest countries in Latin America.

  • New Asian Marxisms
    Author(s): Barlow, Tani; Pietz, William; Dutton, Michael; Howland, Douglas R.; Jinhua, Dai

    Displaying the particular vitality of the global traditions of Marxism and neomarxism at the beginning of the twenty-first century, New AsianMarxisms collects essays by a diverse group of scholars—historians, political scientists, literary scholars, and sociologists—who offer a range of studies of the Marxist heritage focusing on Korea, Japan, India, and China.

    While some of these essays take up key thinkers in Marxist history or draw attention to outstanding problematics, others focus on national literature and discourse in North and South Korea, the "Mao Zedong Fever" of the 1990s, the implications of Li Dazhao's poetry, and the Indian Naxalite movement.  Illustrating the importance of central analytical categories like exploitation, alienation, and violence to studies on the politics of knowledge, contributors confront prevailing global consumerist fantasies

    with accounts of political struggle, cultural displacement, and theoretical strategies.

    Contributors. Tani E. Barlow, Dai Jinhua, Michael Dutton, D. R. Howland, Marshall Johnson, Liu Kang, You-me Park, William Pietz, Claudia Pozzana, Alessandro Russo, Sanjay Seth, Gi-Wook Shin, Sugiyama Mitsunobu, Jing Wang

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383352
    Publication Date: 2002-03-19
    author-list-text: William Pietz, Michael Dutton, Douglas R. Howland and Dai Jinhua
    1. William Pietz,
    2. Michael Dutton,
    3. Douglas R. Howland and
    4. Dai Jinhua
    contrib-editor: Tani Barlow
    contrib-other: William Pietz; Michael Dutton; Douglas R. Howland; Dai Jinhua
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383352
    illustrations-note: 5 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328582
    isbn-paper: 9780822328735
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a positions book

    The current place of Marxism in Asian and Asian Studies thinking.

  • New Countries
    Author(s): Tutino, John

    After 1750 the Americas lived political and popular revolutions, the fall of European empires, and the rise of nations as the world faced a new industrial capitalism. Political revolution made the United States the first new nation; revolutionary slaves made Haiti the second, freeing themselves and destroying the leading Atlantic export economy. A decade later, Bajío insurgents took down the silver economy that fueled global trade and sustained Spain’s empire while Britain triumphed at war and pioneered industrial ways that led the U.S. South, still-Spanish Cuba, and a Brazilian empire to expand slavery to supply rising industrial centers. Meanwhile, the fall of silver left people from Mexico through the Andes searching for new states and economies. After 1870 the United States became an agro-industrial hegemon, and most American nations turned to commodity exports, while Haitians and diverse indigenous peoples struggled to retain independent ways.   


    Contributors. Alfredo Ávila, Roberto Breña, Sarah C. Chambers, Jordana Dym, Carolyn Fick, Erick Langer, Adam Rothman, David Sartorius, Kirsten Schultz, John Tutino

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374305
    Publication Date: 2016-11-18
    contrib-editor: John Tutino
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822374305
    illustrations-note: 34 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361145
    isbn-paper: 9780822361336
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    The contributors to New Countries examine how eight newly independent nations in the Western Hemisphere between 1750 and 1870 played fundamental roles in the global transformation from commercial to industrial capitalism.

    subtitle: Capitalism, Revolutions, and Nations in the Americas, 1750-1870
  • New Critical Approaches to the Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway
    Author(s): Benson, Jackson J.

    With an Overview by Paul Smith and a Checklist to Hemingway Criticism, 1975–1990

    New Critical Approaches to the Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway is an all-new sequel to Benson’s highly acclaimed 1975 book, which provided the first comprehensive anthology of criticism of Ernest Hemingway’s masterful short stories. Since that time the availability of Hemingway’s papers, coupled with new critical and theoretical approaches, has enlivened and enlarged the field of American literary studies. This companion volume reflects current scholarship and draws together essays that were either published during the past decade or written for this collection.

    The contributors interpret a variety of individual stories from a number of different critical points of view—from a Lacanian reading of Hemingway’s “After the Storm” to a semiotic analysis of “A Very Short Story” to an historical-biographical analysis of “Old Man at the Bridge.” In identifying the short story as one of Hemingway’s principal thematic and technical tools, this volume reaffirms a focus on the short story as Hemingway’s best work. An overview essay covers Hemingway criticism published since the last volume, and the bibliographical checklist to Hemingway short fiction criticism, which covers 1975 to mid-1989, has doubled in size.

    Contributors. Debra A. Moddelmog, Ben Stotzfus, Robert Scholes, Hubert Zapf, Susan F. Beegel, Nina Baym, William Braasch Watson, Kenneth Lynn, Gerry Brenner, Steven K. Hoffman, E. R. Hagemann, Robert W. Lewis, Wayne Kvam, George Monteiro, Scott Donaldson, Bernard Oldsey, Warren Bennett, Kenneth G. Johnston, Richard McCann, Robert P. Weeks, Amberys R. Whittle, Pamela Smiley, Jeffrey Meyers, Robert E. Fleming, David R. Johnson, Howard L. Hannum, Larry Edgerton, William Adair, Alice Hall Petry, Lawrence H. Martin Jr., Paul Smith

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382348
    Publication Date: 1990-12-28
    contrib-editor: Jackson J. Benson
    copyright-year: 1990
    eisbn: 9780822382348
    isbn-cloth: 9780822310655
    isbn-paper: 9780822310679
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
  • New Day Begun
    Author(s): Smith, R. Drew; Baldwin, Lewis; Calhoun-Brown, Allison; Smidt, Corwin

    New Day Begun presents the findings of the first major research project on black churches’ civic involvement since C. Eric Lincoln and Lawrence H. Mamiya’s landmark study The Black Church in the African American Experience. Since the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act, the scale and scope of African American churches’ civic involvement have changed significantly: the number of African American clergy serving in elective and appointive offices has noticeably increased, as have joint efforts by black churches and government agencies to implement policies and programs. Filling a vacuum in knowledge about these important developments, New Day Begun assesses the social, political, and ecclesiastical factors that have shaped black church responses to American civic and political life since the Civil Rights movement.

    This collection of essays analyzes the results of an unprecedented survey of nearly 2,000 African American churches across the country conducted by The Public Influences of African-American Churches Project, which is based at Morehouse College in Atlanta. These essays—by political scientists, theologians, ethicists, and others—draw on the survey findings to analyze the social, historical, and institutional contexts of black church activism and to consider the theological and moral imperatives that have shaped black church approaches to civic life—including black civil religion and womanist and afrocentric critiques. They also look at a host of faith-based initiatives addressing economic development and the provision of social services. New Day Begun presents necessary new interpretations of how black churches have changed—and been changed by—contemporary American political culture.

    Contributors. Lewis Baldwin, Allison Calhoun-Brown, David D. Daniels III, Walter Earl Fluker, C.R.D. Halisi, David Howard-Pitney, Michael Leo Owens, Samuel Roberts, David Ryden, Corwin Smidt, R. Drew Smith

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384793
    Publication Date: 2003-06-11
    author-list-text: Lewis Baldwin, Allison Calhoun-Brown and Corwin Smidt
    1. Lewis Baldwin,
    2. Allison Calhoun-Brown and
    3. Corwin Smidt
    contrib-editor: R. Drew Smith
    contrib-other: Lewis Baldwin; Allison Calhoun-Brown; Corwin Smidt
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384793
    illustrations-note: 29 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331315
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: The public influences of African American churches ;

    This collection discusses African American churches’ involvement in post-civil rights era political culture, with regard to faith-based services, black nationalism, evangelism, and community development.

    subtitle: African American Churches and Civic Culture in Post-Civil Rights America
  • New Deal Modernism
    Author(s): Szalay, Michael; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric

    In New Deal Modernism Michael Szalay examines the effect that the rise of the welfare state had on American modernism during the 1930s and 1940s, and, conversely, what difference this revised modernism made to the New Deal’s famed invention of “Big Government.”

    Szalay situates his study within a liberal culture bent on security, a culture galvanized by its imagined need for private and public insurance.

    Taking up prominent exponents of social and economic security—such as Franklin Delano Roosevelt, John Maynard Keynes, and John Dewey—Szalay demonstrates how the New Deal’s revision of free-market culture required rethinking the political function of aesthetics. Focusing in particular on the modernist fascination with the relation between form and audience, Szalay offers innovative accounts of Busby Berkeley, Jack London, James M. Cain, Robert Frost, Ayn Rand, Betty Smith, and Gertrude Stein, as well as extended analyses of the works of Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbeck, and Richard Wright.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381143
    Publication Date: 2000-12-08
    author-list-text: Michael Szalay, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    1. Michael Szalay,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Michael Szalay
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822381143
    illustrations-note: 8 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325765
    isbn-paper: 9780822325628
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions

    Argues that the writers of the 30s and 40s--Hemingway, Ayn Rand, John Dos Passos, Gertrude Stein, Richard Wright, Wallace Stevens et al. -- identified and understood the formal problems of literary modernism through an idea of the social and an idiom of s

    subtitle: American Literature and the Invention of the Welfare State
  • New Jersey Dreaming
    Author(s): Ortner, Sherry B.

    Pioneering anthropologist Sherry B. Ortner is renowned for her work on the Sherpas of Nepal. Now she turns her attention homeward to examine how social class is lived in the United States and, specifically, within her own peer group. In New Jersey Dreaming, Ortner returns to her Newark roots to present an in-depth look at Weequahic High School's Class of 1958, of which she was a member. She explores her classmates’ recollected experiences of the neighborhood and the high school, also written about in the novels of Philip Roth, Weequahic High School’s most famous alum. Ortner provides a chronicle of the journey of her classmates from the 1950s into the 1990s, following the movement of a striking number of them from modest working- and middle-class backgrounds into the wealthy upper-middle or professional/managerial class.

    Ortner tracked down nearly all 304 of her classmates. She interviewedabout 100 in person and spoke with most of the rest by phone, recording her classmates’ vivid memories of time, place, and identity. Ortner shows how social class affected people’s livesin many hidden and unexamined ways. She also demonstrates that the Class of ‘58’s extreme upward mobility must be understood in relation to the major identity movements of the twentieth century—the campaign against anti-Semitism, the Civil Rights movement, and feminism.

    A multisited study combining field research with an interdisciplinary analytical framework, New Jersey Dreaming is a masterly integration of developments at the vanguard of contemporary anthropology. Engaging excerpts from Ortner's field notes are interspersed throughout the book. Whether recording the difficulties and pleasures of studying one's own peer group, the cultures of driving in different parts of the country, or the contrasting experiences of appointment-making in Los Angeles and New York, they provide a rare glimpse into the actual doing of ethnographic research.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387374
    Publication Date: 2003-05-26
    author-list-text: Sherry B. Ortner
    1. Sherry B. Ortner
    contrib-author: Sherry B. Ortner
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387374
    illustrations-note: 25 tables, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331087
    isbn-paper: 9780822335986
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Famed anthropologist Ortner tracks down representative classmates from her mostly Jewish Newark, NJ high school class of '58 in order to examine class culture and ethnicity in America today.

    subtitle: Capital, Culture, and the Class of ‘58
  • New Languages of the State
    Author(s): Gustafson, Bret; Lomawaima, K. Tsianina; Mallon, Florencia E.; Ramos, Alcida Rita; Rappaport, Joanne

    During the mid-1990s, a bilingual intercultural education initiative was launched to promote the introduction of indigenous languages alongside Spanish in public elementary schools in Bolivia’s indigenous regions. Bret Gustafson spent fourteen years studying and working in southeastern Bolivia with the Guarani, who were at the vanguard of the movement for bilingual education. Drawing on his collaborative work with indigenous organizations and bilingual-education activists as well as more traditional ethnographic research, Gustafson traces two decades of indigenous resurgence and education politics in Bolivia, from the 1980s through the election of Evo Morales in 2005. Bilingual education was a component of education reform linked to foreign-aid development mandates, and foreign aid workers figure in New Languages of the State, as do teachers and their unions, transnational intellectual networks, and assertive indigenous political and intellectual movements across the Andes.

    Gustafson shows that bilingual education is an issue that extends far beyond the classroom. Public schools are at the center of a broader battle over territory, power, and knowledge as indigenous movements across Latin America actively defend their languages and knowledge systems. In attempting to decolonize nation-states, the indigenous movements are challenging deep-rooted colonial racism and neoliberal reforms intended to mold public education to serve the market. Meanwhile, market reformers nominally embrace cultural pluralism while implementing political and economic policies that exacerbate inequality. Juxtaposing Guarani life, language, and activism with intimate portraits of reform politics among academics, bureaucrats, and others in and beyond La Paz, Gustafson illuminates the issues, strategic dilemmas, and imperfect alliances behind bilingual intercultural education.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391173
    Publication Date: 2009-06-19
    author-list-text: Bret Gustafson, K. Tsianina Lomawaima, Florencia E. Mallon, Alcida Rita Ramos and Joanne Rappaport
    1. Bret Gustafson,
    2. K. Tsianina Lomawaima,
    3. Florencia E. Mallon,
    4. Alcida Rita Ramos and
    5. Joanne Rappaport
    contrib-author: Bret Gustafson
    contrib-series-editor: K. Tsianina Lomawaima; Florencia E. Mallon; Alcida Rita Ramos; Joanne Rappaport
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391173
    illustrations-note: 8 photographs, 1 table, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345299
    isbn-paper: 9780822345466
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Narrating Native Histories

    Analyzes bilingual intercultural education in Bolivia to show how indigenous-backed proposals to reform the all-Spanish education system to include indigenous languages and knowledges challenged neoliberal models of education and became part of the transf

    subtitle: Indigenous Resurgence and the Politics of Knowledge in Bolivia
  • New Masters, New Servants
    Author(s): Yan, Hairong

    On March 9, 1996, tens of thousands of readers of a daily newspaper in China’s Anhui province saw a photograph of two young women at a local long-distance bus station. Dressed in fashionable new winter coats and carrying luggage printed with Latin letters, the women were returning home from their jobs in one of China’s large cities. As the photo caption indicated, the image represented the “transformation of migrant women”; the women’s “transformation” was signaled by their status as consumers. New Masters, New Servants is an ethnography of class dynamics and the subject formation of migrant domestic workers. Based on her interviews with young women who migrated from China’s Anhui province to the city of Beijing to engage in domestic service for middle-class families, as well as interviews with employers, job placement agencies, and government officials, Yan Hairong explores what these migrant workers mean to the families that hire them, to urban economies, to rural provinces such as Anhui, and to the Chinese state. Above all, Yan focuses on the domestic workers’ self-conceptions, desires, and struggles.

    Yan analyzes how the migrant women workers are subjected to, make sense of, and reflect on a range of state and neoliberal discourses about development, modernity, consumption, self-worth, quality, and individual and collective longing and struggle. She offers keen insight into the workers’ desire and efforts to achieve suzhi (quality) through self-improvement, the way workers are treated by their employers, and representations of migrant domestic workers on television and the Internet and in newspapers and magazines. In so doing, Yan demonstrates that contestations over the meanings of migrant workers raise broad questions about the nature of wage labor, market economy, sociality, and postsocialism in contemporary China.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388654
    Publication Date: 2008-11-17
    author-list-text: Hairong Yan
    1. Hairong Yan
    contrib-author: Hairong Yan
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388654
    illustrations-note: 2 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342878
    isbn-paper: 9780822343042
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Ethnographic study of the migration of rural Chinese women to urban areas to serve as domestic laborers.

    subtitle: Migration, Development, and Women Workers in China
  • New Materialisms
    Author(s): Coole, Diana; Frost, Samantha; Bennett, Jane; Cheah, Pheng; Orlie, Melissa A.; Grosz, Elizabeth

    New Materialisms brings into focus and explains the significance of the innovative materialist critiques that are emerging across the social sciences and humanities. By gathering essays that exemplify the new thinking about matter and processes of materialization, this important collection shows how scholars are reworking older materialist traditions, contemporary theoretical debates, and advances in scientific knowledge to address pressing ethical and political challenges. In the introduction, Diana Coole and Samantha Frost highlight common themes among the distinctive critical projects that comprise the new materialisms. The continuities they discern include a posthumanist conception of matter as lively or exhibiting agency, and a reengagement with both the material realities of everyday life and broader geopolitical and socioeconomic structures.

    Coole and Frost argue that contemporary economic, environmental, geopolitical, and technological developments demand new accounts of nature, agency, and social and political relationships; modes of inquiry that privilege consciousness and subjectivity are not adequate to the task. New materialist philosophies are needed to do justice to the complexities of twenty-first-century biopolitics and political economy, because they raise fundamental questions about the place of embodied humans in a material world and the ways that we produce, reproduce, and consume our material environment.


    Sara Ahmed

    Jane Bennett

    Rosi Braidotti

    Pheng Cheah

    Rey Chow

    William E. Connolly

    Diana Coole

    Jason Edwards

    Samantha Frost

    Elizabeth Grosz

    Sonia Kruks

    Melissa A. Orlie

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392996
    Publication Date: 2010-08-19
    author-list-text: Jane Bennett, Pheng Cheah, Melissa A. Orlie and Elizabeth Grosz
    1. Jane Bennett,
    2. Pheng Cheah,
    3. Melissa A. Orlie and
    4. Elizabeth Grosz
    contrib-editor: Diana Coole; Samantha Frost
    contrib-other: Jane Bennett; Pheng Cheah; Melissa A. Orlie; Elizabeth Grosz
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392996
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347538
    isbn-paper: 9780822347729
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Leading cultural and political theorists argue that any account of experience, agency, and political action demands attention to the urgent issues of our own material existence and environment.

    subtitle: Ontology, Agency, and Politics
  • New Organs Within Us
    Author(s): Sanal, Aslıhan

    New Organs Within Us is a richly detailed and conceptually innovative ethnographic analysis of organ transplantation in Turkey. Drawing on the moving stories of kidney-transplant patients and physicians in Istanbul, Aslihan Sanal examines how imported biotechnologies are made meaningful and acceptable not only to patients and doctors, but also to the patients’ families and Turkish society more broadly. She argues that the psychological theory of object relations and the Turkish concept of benimseme—the process of accepting something foreign by making it one’s own—help to explain both the rituals that physicians perform to make organ transplantation viable in Turkey and the psychic transformations experienced by patients who suffer renal failure and undergo dialysis and organ transplantation. Soon after beginning dialysis, patients are told that transplantable kidneys are in short supply; they should look for an organ donor. Poorer patients add their names to the state-run organ share lists. Wealthier patients pay for organs and surgeries, often in foreign countries such as India, Russia, or Iraq. Sanal links Turkey’s expanding trade in illegal organs to patients’ desires to be free from dialysis machines, physicians’ qualms about declaring brain-death, and media-hyped rumors of a criminal organ mafia, as well as to the country’s political instability, the privatization of its hospitals, and its position as a hub in the global market for organs.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393672
    Publication Date: 2011-06-10
    author-list-text: Aslıhan Sanal
    1. Aslıhan Sanal
    contrib-author: Aslıhan Sanal
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393672
    illustrations-note: 11 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348894
    isbn-paper: 9780822349129
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Experimental futures

    An ethnographic analysis of organ transplantation in Turkey, based on the stories of kidney-transplant patients and physicians in Istanbul.

    subtitle: Transplants and the Moral Economy
  • New Queer Cinema
    Author(s): Rich, B. Ruby

    B. Ruby Rich designated a brand new genre, the New Queer Cinema (NQC), in her groundbreaking article in the Village Voice in 1992. This movement in film and video was intensely political and aesthetically innovative, made possible by the debut of the camcorder, and driven initially by outrage over the unchecked spread of AIDS. The genre has grown to include an entire generation of queer artists, filmmakers, and activists.

    As a critic, curator, journalist, and scholar, Rich has been inextricably linked to the New Queer Cinema from its inception. This volume presents her new thoughts on the topic, as well as bringing together the best of her writing on the NQC. She follows this cinematic movement from its origins in the mid-1980s all the way to the present in essays and articles directed at a range of audiences, from readers of academic journals to popular glossies and weekly newspapers. She presents her insights into such NQC pioneers as Derek Jarman and Isaac Julien and investigates such celebrated films as Go Fish, Brokeback Mountain, Itty Bitty Titty Committee, and Milk. In addition to exploring less-known films and international cinemas (including Latin American and French films and videos), she documents the more recent incarnations of the NQC on screen, on the web, and in art galleries.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399698
    Publication Date: 2013-02-19
    author-list-text: B. Ruby Rich
    1. B. Ruby Rich
    contrib-author: B. Ruby Rich
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822399698
    illustrations-note: 23 Illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354116
    isbn-paper: 9780822354284
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    B. Ruby Rich has been involved with queer filmmaking—as a critic, film-festival curator, publicist, scholar, and champion—since it emerged in the 1980s. This volume collects the best of her writing on New Queer Cinema from its beginning to the present.

    subtitle: The Director’s Cut
  • New Science, New World
    Author(s): Albanese, Denise

    In New Science, New World Denise Albanese examines the discursive interconnections between two practices that emerged in the seventeenth century—modern science and colonialism. Drawing on the discourse analysis of Foucault, the ideology-critique of Marxist cultural studies, and de Certeau’s assertion that the modern world produces itself through alterity, she argues that the beginnings of colonialism are intertwined in complex fashion with the ways in which the literary became the exotic “other” and undervalued opposite of the scientific.

    Albanese reads the inaugurators of the scientific revolution against the canonical authors of early modern literature, discussing Galileo’s Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems and Bacon’s New Atlantis as well as Milton’s Paradise Lost and Shakespeare’s The Tempest. She examines how the newness or “novelty” of investigating nature is expressed through representations of the New World, including the native, the feminine, the body, and the heavens. “New” is therefore shown to be a double sign, referring both to the excitement associated with a knowledge oriented away from past practices, and to the oppression and domination typical of the colonialist enterprise. Exploring the connections between the New World and the New Science, and the simultaneously emerging patterns of thought and forms of writing characteristic of modernity, Albanese insists that science is at its inception a form of power-knowledge, and that the modern and postmodern division of “Two Cultures,” the literary and the scientific, has its antecedents in the early modern world.

    New Science, New World makes an important contribution to feminist, new historicist, and cultural materialist debates about the extent to which the culture of seventeenth-century England is proto-modern. It will offer scholars and students from a wide range of fields a new critical model for historical practice.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378808
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: Denise Albanese
    1. Denise Albanese
    contrib-author: Denise Albanese
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822378808
    illustrations-note: 9 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822317593
    isbn-paper: 9780822317685
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
  • New World Drama
    Author(s): Dillon, Elizabeth Maddock

    In New World Drama, Elizabeth Maddock Dillon turns to the riotous scene of theatre in the eighteenth-century Atlantic world to explore the creation of new publics. Moving from England to the Caribbean to the early United States, she traces the theatrical emergence of a collective body in the colonized New World—one that included indigenous peoples, diasporic Africans, and diasporic Europeans. In the raucous space of the theatre, the contradictions of colonialism loomed large. Foremost among these was the central paradox of modernity: the coexistence of a massive slave economy and a nascent politics of freedom.


    Audiences in London eagerly watched the royal slave, Oroonoko, tortured on stage, while audiences in Charleston and Kingston were forbidden from watching the same scene. Audiences in Kingston and New York City exuberantly participated in the slaying of Richard III on stage, enacting the rise of the "people," and Native American leaders were enjoined to watch actors in blackface "jump Jim Crow." Dillon argues that the theater served as a "performative commons," staging debates over representation in a political world based on popular sovereignty. Her book is a capacious account of performance, aesthetics, and modernity in the eighteenth-century Atlantic world.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395737
    Publication Date: 2014-08-11
    author-list-text: Elizabeth Maddock Dillon
    1. Elizabeth Maddock Dillon
    contrib-author: Elizabeth Maddock Dillon
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822395737
    illustrations-note: 17 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353249
    isbn-paper: 9780822353416
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists

    Elizabeth Maddock Dillon explores how new publics were convened and contested around the riotous theatre scenes of the eighteenth-century Atlantic world, from England to the Caribbean to the early United States. In the process, she develops a capacious account of performance, aesthetics, and modernity.

    subtitle: The Performative Commons in the Atlantic World, 1649–1849
  • Next of Kin
    Author(s): Rodríguez, Richard T.; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    As both an idea and an institution, the family has been at the heart of Chicano/a cultural politics since the Mexican American civil rights movement emerged in the late 1960s. In Next of Kin, Richard T. Rodríguez explores the competing notions of la familia found in movement-inspired literature, film, video, music, painting, and other forms of cultural expression created by Chicano men. Drawing on cultural studies and feminist and queer theory, he examines representations of the family that reflect and support a patriarchal, heteronormative nationalism as well as those that reconfigure kinship to encompass alternative forms of belonging.

    Describing how la familia came to be adopted as an organizing strategy for communitarian politics, Rodríguez looks at foundational texts including Rodolfo Gonzales’s well-known poem “I Am Joaquín,” the Chicano Liberation Youth Conference’s manifesto El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán, and José Armas’s La Familia de La Raza. Rodríguez analyzes representations of the family in the films I Am Joaquín, Yo Soy Chicano, and Chicana; the Los Angeles public affairs television series ¡Ahora!; the experimental videos of the artist-activist Harry Gamboa Jr.; and the work of hip-hop artists such as Kid Frost and Chicano Brotherhood. He reflects on homophobia in Chicano nationalist thought, and examines how Chicano gay men have responded to it in works including Al Lujan’s video S&M in the Hood, the paintings of Eugene Rodríguez, and a poem by the late activist Rodrigo Reyes. Next of Kin is both a wide-ranging assessment of la familia’s symbolic power and a hopeful call for a more inclusive cultural politics.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391135
    Publication Date: 2010-07-01
    author-list-text: Richard T. Rodríguez, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Richard T. Rodríguez,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Richard T. Rodríguez
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391135
    illustrations-note: 17 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345251
    isbn-paper: 9780822345435
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    A feminist analysis of the Chicano family that sees it as a site of political struggle with patriarchal masculinity, nationalism, and homophobia.

    subtitle: The Family in Chicano/a Cultural Politics
  • Nightwatch
    Author(s): Starn, Orin; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    Organized in the mid-1970s as a means of communal protection against livestock rustling and general thievery in Peru’s rugged northern mountains, the rondas campesinas (peasants who make the rounds) grew into an entire system of peasant justice and one of the most significant Andean social movements of the late twentieth century. Nightwatch is the first full-length ethnography and the only study in English to examine this grassroots agrarian social movement, which became a rallying point for rural pride.

    Drawing on fieldwork conducted over the course of a decade, Orin Starn chronicles the historical conditions that led to the formation of the rondas, the social and geographical expansion of the movement, and its gradual decline in the 1990s. Throughout this anecdotal yet deeply analytical account, the author relies on interviews with ronda participants, villagers, and Peru’s regional and national leaders to explore the role of women, the involvement of nongovernmental organizations, and struggles for leadership within the rondas. Starn moves easily from global to local contexts and from the fifteenth to the twentieth century, presenting this movement in a straightforward manner that makes it accessible to both specialists and nonspecialists.

    An engagingly written story of village mobilization, Nightwatch is also a meditation on the nature of fieldwork, the representation of subaltern people, the relationship between resistance and power, and what it means to be politically active at the end of the century. It will appeal widely to scholars and students of anthropology, Latin American studies, cultural studies, history, subaltern studies, and those interested in the politics of social movements.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382782
    Publication Date: 1999-05-03
    author-list-text: Orin Starn, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Orin Starn,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Orin Starn
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822382782
    illustrations-note: 42 b&w photographs, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323013
    isbn-paper: 9780822323211
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    An innovative ethnography of peasant communities in Peru caught between the government and the Shining Path.

    subtitle: The Politics of Protest in the Andes

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