Browse by Title : M

  • M/E/A/N/I/N/G
    Author(s): Schor, Mira; Bee, Susan; Drucker, Johanna; Jones, Amelia
    Abstract:

    M/E/A/N/I/N/G brings together essays and commentary by over a hundred artists, critics, and poets, culled from the art magazine of the same name. The editors—artists Susan Bee and Mira Schor—have selected the liveliest and most provocative pieces from the maverick magazine that bucked commercial gallery interests and media hype during its ten-year tenure (1986–96) to explore visual pleasure with a culturally activist edge.

    With its emphasis on artists’ perspectives of aesthetic and social issues, this anthology provides a unique opportunity to enter into the fray of the most hotly contested art issues of the past few decades: the visibility of women artists, sexuality and the arts, censorship, art world racism, the legacies of modernism, artists as mothers, visual art in the digital age, and the rewards and toils of a lifelong career in art. The stellar cast of contributing artists and art writers includes Nancy Spero, Richard Tuttle, David Humphrey, Thomas McEvilley, Laura Cottingham, Johanna Drucker, David Reed, Carolee Schneemann, Whitney Chadwick, Robert Storr, Leon Golub, Charles Bernstein, and Alison Knowles.

    This compelling and theoretically savvy collection will be of interest to artists, art historians, critics, and a general audience interested in the views of practicing artists.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380061
    Publication Date: 2000-12-06
    author-list-text: Johanna Drucker and Amelia Jones
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Johanna Drucker and
    2. Amelia Jones
    contrib-editor: Mira Schor; Susan Bee
    contrib-other: Johanna Drucker; Amelia Jones
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380061
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325345
    isbn-paper: 9780822325666
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of writings from the influential feminist art journal M/E/A/N/I/N/G, with a forward by Johanna Drucker.

    subtitle: An Anthology of Artists’ Writings, Theory, and Criticism
  • Machiavelli
    Author(s): Machiavelli, Nicollò di Bernado dei; Gilbert, Allan
    Abstract:

    From praise for the 1965 edition:

    Allan Gilbert is unquestionably the most accurate and reliable translator of Machiavelli into English; the publication of this edition is an altogether happy occasion. Students of the history of political thought owe a particular debt of gratitude to Allan Gilbert.”—Dante Germino, The Journal of Politics

    “A most remarkable achievement.”—Felix Gilbert, Renaissance Quarterly

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381570
    Publication Date: 1989-07-27
    author-list-text: Nicollò di Bernado dei Machiavelli
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nicollò di Bernado dei Machiavelli
    contrib-author: Nicollò di Bernado dei Machiavelli
    contrib-editor: Allan Gilbert
    copyright-year: 1989
    eisbn: 9780822381570
    isbn-cloth: 9780822309208
    isbn-paper: 9780822309451
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Chief Works and Others, Vol. I
  • Machiavelli
    Author(s): Gilbert, Nicollò di Bernado dei; Machiavelli, Nicollò di Bernado dei
    Abstract:

    From praise for the 1965 edition:

    Allan Gilbert is unquestionably the most accurate and reliable translator of Machiavelli into English; the publication of this edition is an altogether happy occasion. Students of the history of political thought owe a particular debt of gratitude to Allan Gilbert.”—Dante Germino, The Journal of Politics

    “A most remarkable achievement.”—Felix Gilbert, Renaissance Quarterly

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381587
    Publication Date: 1989-07-27
    author-list-text: Nicollò di Bernado dei Machiavelli
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nicollò di Bernado dei Machiavelli
    contrib-author: Nicollò di Bernado dei Machiavelli
    contrib-editor: Nicollò di Bernado dei Gilbert
    copyright-year: 1989
    eisbn: 9780822381587
    isbn-cloth: 9780822309215
    isbn-paper: 9780822309468
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Chief Works and Others, Vol. II
  • Machiavelli
    Author(s): Gilbert, Nicollò di Bernado dei; Machiavelli, Nicollò di Bernado dei
    Abstract:

    From praise for the 1965 edition:

    Allan Gilbert is unquestionably the most accurate and reliable translator of Machiavelli into English; the publication of this edition is an altogether happy occasion. Students of the history of political thought owe a particular debt of gratitude to Allan Gilbert.”—Dante Germino, The Journal of Politics

    “A most remarkable achievement.”—Felix Gilbert, Renaissance Quarterly

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381594
    Publication Date: 1989-07-27
    author-list-text: Nicollò di Bernado dei Machiavelli
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nicollò di Bernado dei Machiavelli
    contrib-author: Nicollò di Bernado dei Machiavelli
    contrib-editor: Nicollò di Bernado dei Gilbert
    copyright-year: 1989
    eisbn: 9780822381594
    isbn-cloth: 9780822309222
    isbn-paper: 9780822309475
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Chief Works and Others, Vol. III
  • Mad Men, Mad World
    Author(s): Goodlad, Lauren M. E.; Kaganovsky, Lilya; Rushing, Robert A.
    Abstract:

    Since the show's debut in 2007, Mad Men has invited viewers to immerse themselves in the lush period settings, ruthless Madison Avenue advertising culture, and arresting characters at the center of its 1960s fictional world. Mad Men, Mad World is a comprehensive analysis of this groundbreaking TV series. Scholars from across the humanities consider the AMC drama from a fascinating array of perspectives, including fashion, history, architecture, civil rights, feminism, consumerism, art, cinema, and the serial format, as well as through theoretical frames such as critical race theory, gender, queer theory, global studies, and psychoanalysis.

    In the introduction, the editors explore the show's popularity; its controversial representations of race, class, and gender; its powerful influence on aesthetics and style; and its unique use of period historicism and advertising as a way of speaking to our neoliberal moment. Mad Men, Mad World also includes an interview with Phil Abraham, an award-winning Mad Men director and cinematographer. Taken together, the essays demonstrate that understanding Mad Men means engaging the show not only as a reflection of the 1960s but also as a commentary on the present day.

    Contributors. Michael Bérubé, Alexander Doty, Lauren M. E. Goodlad, Jim Hansen, Dianne Harris, Lynne Joyrich, Lilya Kaganovsky, Clarence Lang, Caroline Levine, Kent Ono, Dana Polan, Leslie Reagan, Mabel Rosenheck, Robert A. Rushing, Irene Small, Michael Szalay, Jeremy Varon

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399063
    Publication Date: 2013-02-11
    contrib-editor: Lauren M. E. Goodlad; Lilya Kaganovsky; Robert A. Rushing
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822399063
    illustrations-note: 97 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354024
    isbn-paper: 9780822354185
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    In this comprehensive analysis of the TV series Mad Men, scholars explore the groundbreaking drama in relation to fashion, history, architecture, civil rights, feminism, consumerism, art, cinema, and the serial format.

    subtitle: Sex, Politics, Style, and the 1960s
  • Mad Toy
    Author(s): Arlt, Roberto; Aynesworth, Michele
    Abstract:

    Roberto Arlt, celebrated in Argentina for his tragicomic, punch-in-the-jaw writing during the 1920s and 1930s, was a forerunner of Latin American “boom” and “postboom” novelists such as Gabriel García Márquez and Isabel Allende. Mad Toy, acclaimed by many as Arlt’s best novel, is set against the chaotic background of Buenos Aires in the early twentieth century. Set in the badlands of adolescence, where acts of theft and betrayal become metaphors for creativity, Mad Toy is equal parts pulp fiction, realism, detective story, expressionist drama, and creative memoir.

    An immigrant son of a German father and an Italian mother, Arlt as a youth was a school dropout, poor and often hungry. In Mad Toy, he incorporates his personal experience into the lives of his characters. Published in 1926 as El juguete rabioso, the novel follows the adventures of Silvio Astier, a poverty-stricken and frustrated youth who is drawn to gangs and a life of petty crime. As Silvio struggles to bridge the gap between exuberant imagination and the sordid reality around him, he becomes fascinated with weapons, explosives, vandalism, and thievery, despite a desperate desire to rise above his origins. Flavored with a dash of romance, a hint of allegory, and a healthy dose of irony, the novel’s language varies from the cultured idiom of the narrator to the dialects and street slang of the novel’s many colorful characters.

    Mad Toy has appeared in numerous Spanish editions and has been adapted for the stage and for film. It is the second of Arlt’s novels to be translated into English.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383338
    Publication Date: 2002-06-27
    author-list-text: Roberto Arlt and Michele Aynesworth
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Roberto Arlt and
    2. Michele Aynesworth
    contrib-author: Roberto Arlt
    contrib-translator: Michele Aynesworth
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383338
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329114
    isbn-paper: 9780822329404
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A translation of one of the most important Argentine writers of the first half of this century , Robert Arlt, who also influenced prominent writers like Borges, Cortazar and Piglia. This work will be published in English for the first time.

    subtitle:
  • Made in China
    Author(s): Ngai, Pun
    Abstract:

    As China has evolved into an industrial powerhouse over the past two decades, a new class of workers has developed: the dagongmei, or working girls. The dagongmei are women in their late teens and early twenties who move from rural areas to urban centers to work in factories. Because of state laws dictating that those born in the countryside cannot permanently leave their villages, and familial pressure for young women to marry by their late twenties, the dagongmei are transient labor. They undertake physically exhausting work in urban factories for an average of four or five years before returning home. The young women are not coerced to work in the factories; they know about the twelve-hour shifts and the hardships of industrial labor. Yet they are still eager to leave home. Made in China is a compelling look at the lives of these women, workers caught between the competing demands of global capitalism, the socialist state, and the patriarchal family.

    Pun Ngai conducted ethnographic work at an electronics factory in southern China’s Guangdong province, in the Shenzhen special economic zone where foreign-owned factories are proliferating. For eight months she slept in the employee dormitories and worked on the shop floor alongside the women whose lives she chronicles. Pun illuminates the workers’ perspectives and experiences, describing the lure of consumer desire and especially the minutiae of factory life. She looks at acts of resistance and transgression in the workplace, positing that the chronic pains—such as backaches and headaches—that many of the women experience are as indicative of resistance to oppressive working conditions as they are of defeat. Pun suggests that a silent social revolution is underway in China and that these young migrant workers are its agents.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386759
    Publication Date: 2005-03-15
    author-list-text: Pun Ngai
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Pun Ngai
    contrib-author: Pun Ngai
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386759
    illustrations-note: 6 photos, 5 tables, 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9781932643183
    isbn-paper: 9781932643008
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography of a new electronics factory in southern China, showing how rural girls are made into compliant factory workers.

    subtitle: Women Factory Workers in a Global Workplace
  • Magical Realism
    Author(s): Zamora, Lois Parkinson; Faris, Wendy B.
    Abstract:

    Magical realism is often regarded as a regional trend, restricted to the Latin American writers who popularized it as a literary form. In this critical anthology, the first of its kind, editors Lois Parkinson Zamora and Wendy B. Faris show magical realism to be an international movement with a wide-ranging history and a significant influence among the literatures of the world. In essays on texts by writers as diverse as Toni Morrison, Günter Grass, Salman Rushdie, Derek Walcott, Abe Kobo, Gabriel García Márquez, and many others, magical realism is examined as a worldwide phenomenon.

    Presenting the first English translation of Franz Roh’s 1925 essay in which the term magical realism was coined, as well as Alejo Carpentier’s classic 1949 essay that introduced the concept of lo real maravilloso to the Americas, this anthology begins by tracing the foundations of magical realism from its origins in the art world to its current literary contexts. It offers a broad range of critical perspectives and theoretical approaches to this movement, as well as intensive analyses of various cultural traditions and individual texts from Eastern Europe, Asia, North America, Africa, the Caribbean, and Australia, in addition to those from Latin America. In situating magical realism within the expanse of literary and cultural history, this collection describes a mode of writing that has been a catalyst in the development of new regional literatures and a revitalizing force for more established narrative traditions—writing particularly alive in postcolonial contexts and a major component of postmodernist fiction.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397212
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Lois Parkinson Zamora; Wendy B. Faris
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822397212
    illustrations-note: 11 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316114
    isbn-paper: 9780822316404
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Theory, History, Community
  • Makeover TV
    Author(s): Weber, Brenda R.; Spigel, Lynn
    Abstract:

    In 2004, roughly 25 makeover-themed reality shows aired on U.S. television. By 2009, there were more than 250, from What Not to Wear and The Biggest Loser to Dog Whisperer and Pimp My Ride. In Makeover TV, Brenda R. Weber argues that whether depicting transformations of bodies, trucks, finances, relationships, kids, or homes, makeover shows posit a self achievable only in the transition from the “Before-body”—the overweight figure, the decrepit jalopy, the cluttered home—to the “After-body,” one filled with confidence, coded with celebrity, and imbued with a renewed faith in the powers of meritocracy. The rationales and tactics invoked to achieve the After-body vary widely, from the patriotic to the market-based, and from talk therapy to feminist empowerment. The genre is unified by its contradictions: to uncover your “true self,” you must be reinvented; to be empowered, you must surrender to experts; to be special, you must look and act like everyone else.

    Based on her analysis of more than 2,500 hours of makeover TV, Weber argues that the much-desired After-body speaks to and makes legible broader cultural narratives about selfhood, citizenship, celebrity, and Americanness. Although makeovers are directed at both male and female viewers, their gendered logic requires that feminized subjects submit to the controlling expertise wielded by authorities. The genre does not tolerate ambiguity. Conventional (middle-class, white, ethnically anonymous, heterosexual) femininity is the goal of makeovers for women. When subjects are male, makeovers often compensate for perceived challenges to masculine independence by offering men narrative options for resistance or control. Foregoing a binary model of power and subjugation, Weber provides an account of makeover television that is as appreciative as it is critical. She reveals the makeover show as a rich and complicated text that expresses cultural desires and fears through narratives of selfhood.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391234
    Publication Date: 2009-10-30
    author-list-text: Brenda R. Weber and Lynn Spigel
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Brenda R. Weber and
    2. Lynn Spigel
    contrib-author: Brenda R. Weber
    contrib-series-editor: Lynn Spigel
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391234
    illustrations-note: 24 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345510
    isbn-paper: 9780822345688
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Console-ing Passions
    short-abstract:

    Examines the phenomenon of makeover television in order to explore how these shows participate in cultural debates about body modification, empowerment, gender roles, and personal responsibility.

    subtitle: Selfhood, Citizenship, and Celebrity
  • Making a New World
    Author(s): Tutino, John
    Abstract:

    Making a New World is a major rethinking of the role of the Americas in early world trade, the rise of capitalism, and the conflicts that reconfigured global power around 1800. At its center is the Bajío, a fertile basin extending across the modern-day Mexican states of Guanajuato and Querétaro, northwest of Mexico City. The Bajío became part of a new world in the 1530s, when Mesoamerican Otomís and Franciscan friars built Querétaro, a town that quickly thrived on agriculture and trade. Settlement accelerated as regional silver mines began to flourish in the 1550s. Silver tied the Bajío to Europe and China; it stimulated the development of an unprecedented commercial, patriarchal, Catholic society. A frontier extended north across vast expanses settled by people of European, Amerindian, and African ancestry. As mining, cloth making, and irrigated cultivation increased, inequities deepened and religious debates escalated. Analyzing the political economy, social relations, and cultural conflicts that animated the Bajío and Spanish North America from 1500 to 1800, John Tutino depicts an engine of global capitalism and the tensions that would lead to its collapse into revolution in 1810.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394013
    Publication Date: 2011-07-11
    author-list-text: John Tutino
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. John Tutino
    contrib-author: John Tutino
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394013
    illustrations-note: 19 illustrations, 164 tables, 9 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349747
    isbn-paper: 9780822349891
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This history of the political economy, social relations, and cultural debates that animated Spanish North America from 1500 until 1800 illuminates its centuries of capitalist dynamism and subsequent collapse into revolution.

    subtitle: Founding Capitalism in the Bajío and Spanish North America
  • Making Cinelandia
    Author(s): Serna, Laura Isabel
    Abstract:

    In the 1920s, as American films came to dominate Mexico's cinemas, many of its cultural and political elites feared that this "Yanqui invasion" would turn Mexico into a cultural vassal of the United States. In Making Cinelandia, Laura Isabel Serna contends that Hollywood films were not simply tools of cultural imperialism. Instead, they offered Mexicans on both sides of the border an imaginative and crucial means of participating in global modernity, even as these films and their producers and distributors frequently displayed anti-Mexican bias. Before the Golden Age of Mexican cinema, Mexican audiences used their encounters with American films to construct a national film culture. Drawing on extensive archival research, Serna explores the popular experience of cinemagoing from the perspective of exhibitors, cinema workers, journalists, censors, and fans, showing how Mexican audiences actively engaged with American films to identify more deeply with Mexico.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376798
    Publication Date: 2014-03-03
    author-list-text: Laura Isabel Serna
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Laura Isabel Serna
    contrib-author: Laura Isabel Serna
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376798
    illustrations-note: 46 illustrations, 3 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356417
    isbn-paper: 9780822356530
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: American Films and Mexican Film Culture before the Golden Age
  • Making Freedom
    Author(s): Makhulu, Anne-Maria
    Abstract:

    In Making Freedom Anne-Maria Makhulu explores practices of squatting and illegal settlement on the outskirts of Cape Town during and immediately following the end of apartheid. Apartheid's paradoxical policies of prohibiting migrant Africans who worked in Cape Town from living permanently within the city led some black families to seek safe haven on the city's perimeters. Beginning in the 1970s families set up makeshift tents and shacks and built whole communities, defying the state through what Makhulu calls a "politics of presence." In the simple act of building homes, squatters, who Makhulu characterizes as urban militants, actively engaged in a politics of "the right to the city" that became vital in the broader struggles for liberation. Despite apartheid's end in 1994, Cape Town’s settlements have expanded, as new forms of dispossession associated with South African neoliberalism perpetuate relations of spatial exclusion, poverty, and racism. As Makhulu demonstrates, the efforts of black Capetonians to establish claims to a place in the city not only decisively reshaped Cape Town's geography but changed the course of history.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375111
    Publication Date: 2015-09-30
    author-list-text: Anne-Maria Makhulu
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Anne-Maria Makhulu
    contrib-author: Anne-Maria Makhulu
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375111
    illustrations-note: 16 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359470
    isbn-paper: 9780822359661
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Exploring the practices of squatting and illegal settlement on the outskirts of Cape Town during and immediately following the end of apartheid, Anne-Maria Makhulu how these squatters engaged in an important form of resistance that helped to end apartheid.

    subtitle: Apartheid, Squatter Politics, and the Struggle for Home
  • Making Girls into Women
    Author(s): Kent, Kathryn R.; Barale, Michèle Aina; Goldberg, Jonathan; Moon, Michael; Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky
    Abstract:

    Making Girls into Women offers an account of the historical emergence of "the lesbian" by looking at late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century women's writing. Kathryn R. Kent proposes that modern lesbian identity in the United States has its roots not just, or even primarily, in sexology and medical literature, but in white, middle-class women’s culture. Kent demonstrates how, as white women's culture shifted more and more from the home to the school, workplace, and boarding house, the boundaries between the public and private spheres began to dissolve. She shows how, within such spaces, women's culture, in attempting to mold girls into proper female citizens, ended up inciting in them other, less normative, desires and identifications, including ones Kent calls "protolesbian" or queer.

    Kent not only analyzes how texts represent queer erotics, but also theorizes how texts might produce them in readers. She describes the ways postbellum sentimental literature such as that written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, Louisa May Alcott, and Emma D. Kelley eroticizes, reacts against, and even, in its own efforts to shape girls’ selves, contributes to the production of queer female identifications and identities. Tracing how these identifications are engaged and critiqued in the early twentieth century, she considers works by Djuna Barnes, Gertrude Stein, Marianne Moore, and Elizabeth Bishop, as well as in the queer subject-forming effects of another modern invention, the Girl Scouts. Making Girls into Women ultimately reveals that modern lesbian identity marks an extension of, rather than a break from, nineteenth-century women’s culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384571
    Publication Date: 2002-12-27
    author-list-text: Kathryn R. Kent, Michèle Aina Barale, Jonathan Goldberg, Michael Moon and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kathryn R. Kent,
    2. Michèle Aina Barale,
    3. Jonathan Goldberg,
    4. Michael Moon and
    5. Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    contrib-author: Kathryn R. Kent
    contrib-series-editor: Michèle Aina Barale; Jonathan Goldberg; Michael Moon; Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384571
    illustrations-note: 3 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330301
    isbn-paper: 9780822330165
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    short-abstract:

    Explores the links between the emergence of lesbian and proto-lesbian identities at the turn of the century and the discourses of sentimentality, mass culture, and modernism.

    subtitle: American Women’s Writing and the Rise of Lesbian Identity
  • Making Jazz French
    Author(s): Jackson, Jeffrey H.; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.
    Abstract:

    Between the world wars, Paris welcomed not only a number of glamorous American expatriates, including Josephine Baker and F. Scott Fitzgerald, but also a dynamic musical style emerging in the United States: jazz. Roaring through cabarets, music halls, and dance clubs, the upbeat, syncopated rhythms of jazz soon added to the allure of Paris as a center of international nightlife and cutting-edge modern culture. In Making Jazz French, Jeffrey H. Jackson examines not only how and why jazz became so widely performed in Paris during the 1920s and 1930s but also why it was so controversial.

    Drawing on memoirs, press accounts, and cultural criticism, Jackson uses the history of jazz in Paris to illuminate the challenges confounding French national identity during the interwar years. As he explains, many French people initially regarded jazz as alien because of its associations with America and Africa. Some reveled in its explosive energy and the exoticism of its racial connotations, while others saw it as a dangerous reversal of France’s most cherished notions of "civilization." At the same time, many French musicians, though not threatened by jazz as a musical style, feared their jobs would vanish with the arrival of American performers. By the 1930s, however, a core group of French fans, critics, and musicians had incorporated jazz into the French entertainment tradition. Today it is an integral part of Parisian musical performance. In showing how jazz became French, Jackson reveals some of the ways a musical form created in the United States became an international phenomenon and acquired new meanings unique to the places where it was heard and performed.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385080
    Publication Date: 2003-07-15
    author-list-text: Jeffrey H. Jackson, Gilbert M. Joseph and Emily S. Rosenberg
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jeffrey H. Jackson,
    2. Gilbert M. Joseph and
    3. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-author: Jeffrey H. Jackson
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385080
    illustrations-note: 10 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331377
    isbn-paper: 9780822331247
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    A history of jazz in interwar France, concentrating on the ways this originally American music was integrated into French culture.

    subtitle: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris
  • Making Mark Twain Work in the Classroom
    Author(s): Leonard, James S.
    Abstract:

    How does one teach Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn, a book as controversial as it is central to the American literary canon? This collection of essays edited by James S. Leonard offers practical classroom methods for instructors dealing with the racism, the casual violence, and the role of women, as well as with structural and thematic discrepancies in the works of Mark Twain.

    The essays in Making Mark Twain Work in the Classroom reaffirm the importance of Twain in the American literature curriculum from high school through graduate study. Addressing slavery and race, gender, class, religion, language and ebonics, Americanism, and textual issues of interest to instructors and their students, the contributors offer guidance derived from their own demographically diverse classroom experiences. Although some essays focus on such works as A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court and The Innocents Abroad, most discuss the hotly debated Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, viewed alternately in this volume as a comic masterpiece or as evidence of Twain’s growing pessimism—but always as an effective teaching tool.

    By placing Twain’s work within the context of nineteenth-century American literature and culture, Making Mark Twain Work in the Classroom will interest all instructors of American literature. It will also provoke debate among Americanists and those concerned with issues of race, class, and gender as they are represented in literature.

    Contributors. Joseph A. Alvarez, Lawrence I. Berkove, Anthony J. Berret, S.J., Wesley Britton, Louis J. Budd, James E. Caron, Everett Carter, Jocelyn Chadwick-Joshua, Pascal Covici Jr., Beverly R. David, Victor Doyno, Dennis W. Eddings, Shelley Fisher Fishkin, S. D. Kapoor, Michael J. Kiskis, James S. Leonard, Victoria Thorpe Miller, Stan Poole, Tom Reigstad, David E. E. Sloane, David Tomlinson

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397229
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: James S. Leonard
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James S. Leonard
    contrib-author: James S. Leonard
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822397229
    illustrations-note: 15 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322788
    isbn-paper: 9780822322979
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle:
  • Making Men
    Author(s): Edmondson, Belinda
    Abstract:

    Colonialism left an indelible mark on writers from the Caribbean. Many of the mid-century male writers, on the eve of independence, looked to England for their models. The current generation of authors, many of whom are women, have increasingly looked—and relocated—to the United States. Incorporating postcolonial theory, West Indian literature, feminist theory, and African American literary criticism, Making Men carves out a particular relationship between the Caribbean canon—as represented by C. L. R. James and V. S. Naipaul, among others—and contemporary Caribbean women writers such as Jean Rhys, and Jamaica Kincaid, Paule Marshall, and Michelle Cliff, who now live in the United States.

    Discussing the canonical Caribbean narrative as it reflects national identity under the domination of English cultural authority, Belinda Edmondson focuses particularly on the pervasive influence of Victorian sensibilities in the structuring of twentieth-century national identity. She shows that issues of race and English constructions of masculinity not only are central to West Indian identity but also connect Caribbean authorship to the English literary tradition. This perspective on the origins of West Indian literary nationalism then informs Edmondson’s search for female subjectivity in current literature by West Indian women immigrants in America. Making Men compares the intellectual exile of men with the economic migration of women, linking the canonical male tradition to the writing of modern West Indian women and exploring how the latter write within and against the historical male paradigm in the continuing process of national definition.

    With theoretical claims that invite new discourse on English, Caribbean, and American ideas of exile, migration, race, gender identity, and literary authority, Making Men will be informative reading for those involved with postcolonial theory, African American and women’s studies, and Caribbean literature.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397236
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Belinda Edmondson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Belinda Edmondson
    contrib-author: Belinda Edmondson
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822397236
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321316
    isbn-paper: 9780822322634
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Gender, Literary Authority, and Women’s Writing in Caribbean Narrative
  • Making Refuge
    Author(s): Besteman, Catherine
    Abstract:

    How do people whose entire way of life has been destroyed and who witnessed horrible abuses against loved ones construct a new future? How do people who have survived the ravages of war and displacement rebuild their lives in a new country when their world has totally changed? In Making Refuge Catherine Besteman follows the trajectory of Somali Bantus from their homes in Somalia before the onset in 1991 of Somalia’s civil war, to their displacement to Kenyan refugee camps, to their relocation in cities across the United States, to their settlement in the struggling former mill town of Lewiston, Maine. Tracking their experiences as "secondary migrants" who grapple with the struggles of xenophobia, neoliberalism, and grief, Besteman asks what humanitarianism feels like to those who are its objects and what happens when refugees move in next door. As Lewiston's refugees and locals negotiate coresidence and find that assimilation goes both ways, their story demonstrates the efforts of diverse people to find ways to live together and create community. Besteman’s account illuminates the contemporary debates about economic and moral responsibility, security, and community that immigration provokes.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374725
    Publication Date: 2016-02-05
    author-list-text: Catherine Besteman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Catherine Besteman
    contrib-author: Catherine Besteman
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374725
    illustrations-note: 32 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360278
    isbn-paper: 9780822360445
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Global Insecurities
    short-abstract:

    In Making Refuge Catherine Besteman follows the lives of a group of Somali Bantu refugees over the course of three decades, from their pre-civil war homes and terrible experiences in Kenyan refugee camps, to their recent resettlement in the struggling former mill town of Lewiston, Maine.

    subtitle: Somali Bantu Refugees and Lewiston, Maine
  • Making Samba
    Author(s): Hertzman, Marc A.
    Abstract:

    In November 1916, a young Afro-Brazilian musician named Donga registered sheet music for the song "Pelo telefone" ("On the Telephone") at the National Library in Rio de Janeiro. This apparently simple act—claiming ownership of a musical composition—set in motion a series of events that would shake Brazil's cultural landscape. Before the debut of "Pelo telephone," samba was a somewhat obscure term, but by the late 1920s, the wildly popular song had helped to make it synonymous with Brazilian national music.

    The success of "Pelo telephone" embroiled Donga in controversy. A group of musicians claimed that he had stolen their work, and a prominent journalist accused him of selling out his people in pursuit of profit and fame. Within this single episode are many of the concerns that animate Making Samba, including intellectual property claims, the Brazilian state, popular music, race, gender, national identity, and the history of Afro-Brazilians in Rio de Janeiro. By tracing the careers of Rio's pioneering black musicians from the late nineteenth century until the 1970s, Marc A. Hertzman revises the histories of samba and of Brazilian national culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391906
    Publication Date: 2013-04-01
    author-list-text: Marc A. Hertzman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Marc A. Hertzman
    contrib-author: Marc A. Hertzman
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822391906
    illustrations-note: 1 map, 16 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354154
    isbn-paper: 9780822354307
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    By tracing the careers of Rio's pioneering black musicians from the late nineteenth century until the 1970s, Marc A. Hertzman revises the histories of samba and of Brazilian national culture.

    subtitle: A New History of Race and Music in Brazil
  • Making Scenes
    Author(s): Baulch, Emma
    Abstract:

    In 1996, Emma Baulch went to live in Bali to do research on youth culture. Her chats with young people led her to an enormously popular regular outdoor show dominated by local reggae, punk, and death metal bands. In this rich ethnography, she takes readers inside each scene: hanging out in the death metal scene among unemployed university graduates clad in black T-shirts and ragged jeans; in the punk scene among young men sporting mohawks, leather jackets, and hefty jackboots; and among the remnants of the local reggae scene in Kuta Beach, the island’s most renowned tourist area. Baulch tracks how each music scene arrived and grew in Bali, looking at such influences as the global extreme metal underground, MTV Asia, and the internationalization of Indonesia’s music industry.

    Making Scenes is an exploration of the subtle politics of identity that took place within and among these scenes throughout the course of the 1990s. Participants in the different scenes often explained their interest in death metal, punk, or reggae in relation to broader ideas about what it meant to be Balinese, which reflected views about Bali’s tourism industry and the cultural dominance of Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital and largest city. Through dance, dress, claims to public spaces, and onstage performances, participants and enthusiasts reworked “Balinese-ness” by synthesizing global media, ideas of national belonging, and local identity politics. Making Scenes chronicles the creation of subcultures at a historical moment when media globalization and the gradual demise of the authoritarian Suharto regime coincided with revitalized, essentialist formulations of the Balinese self.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390343
    Publication Date: 2007-11-20
    author-list-text: Emma Baulch
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Emma Baulch
    contrib-author: Emma Baulch
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390343
    illustrations-note: 12 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340959
    isbn-paper: 9780822341154
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    An ethnographic exploration of identity politics in three of Bali s musical subcultures—reggae, punk, and death metal—during the 1990s.

    subtitle: Reggae, Punk, and Death Metal in 1990s Bali
  • Making the Most of Mess
    Author(s): Roe, Emery
    Abstract:

    In Making the Most of Mess, Emery Roe emphasizes that policy messes cannot be avoided or cleaned up; they need to be managed. He shows how policymakers and other professionals can learn these necessary skills from control operators who manage large critical infrastructures such as water supplies, telecommunications systems, and electricity grids. The ways in which they prevent major accidents and failures offer models for policymakers and other professionals to manage the messes they face.

    Throughout, Roe focuses on the global financial mess of 2008 and its ongoing aftermath, showing how mismanagement has allowed it to morph into other national and international messes. More effective management is still possible for this and many other policy messes but that requires better recognition of patterns and formulation of scenarios, as well as the ability to translate pattern and scenario into reliability. Developing networks of professionals who respond to messes is particularly important. Roe describes how these networks enable the avoidance of bad or worse messes, take advantage of opportunities resulting from messes, and address societal and professional challenges. In addition to finance, he draws from a wide range of case material in other policy arenas. Roe demonstrates that knowing how to manage policy messes is the best approach to preventing crises.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395690
    Publication Date: 2013-03-08
    author-list-text: Emery Roe
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Emery Roe
    contrib-author: Emery Roe
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822395690
    illustrations-note: 6 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353072
    isbn-paper: 9780822353218
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Emery Roe suggests productive ways to manage "messes"—complex, large-scale problems that cannot be easily resolved. He develops his argument through an analysis of the 2008 financial crisis and policymakers' responses to it.

    subtitle: Reliability and Policy in Today’s Management Challenges
  • Male Call
    Author(s): Auerbach, Jonathan
    Abstract:

    When Jack London died in 1916 at age forty, he was one of the most famous writers of his time. Eighty years later he remains one of the most widely read American authors in the world. The first major critical study of London to appear in a decade, Male Call analyzes the nature of his appeal by closely examining how the struggling young writer sought to promote himself in his early work as a sympathetic, romantic man of letters whose charismatic masculinity could carry more significance than his words themselves.

    Jonathan Auerbach shows that London’s personal identity was not a basis of his literary success, but rather a consequence of it. Unlike previous studies of London that are driven by the author’s biography, Male Call examines how London carefully invented a trademark “self” in order to gain access to a rapidly expanding popular magazine and book market that craved authenticity, celebrity, power, and personality. Auerbach demonstrates that only one fact of London’s life truly shaped his art: his passionate desire to become a successful author. Whether imagining himself in stories and novels as a white man on trail in the Yukon, a sled dog, a tramp, or a professor; or engaging questions of manhood and mastery in terms of work, race, politics, class, or sexuality, London created a public persona for the purpose of exploiting the conventions of the publishing world and marketplace.

    Revising critical commonplaces about both Jack London’s work and the meaning of “nature” within literary naturalism and turn-of-the-century ideologies of masculinity, Auerbach’s analysis intriguingly complicates our view of London and sheds light on our own postmodern preoccupation with celebrity. Male Call will attract readers with an interest in American studies, American literature, gender studies, and cultural studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397243
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Jonathan Auerbach
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jonathan Auerbach
    contrib-author: Jonathan Auerbach
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822397243
    illustrations-note: 2 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318279
    isbn-paper: 9780822318200
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    subtitle: Becoming Jack London
  • Mama Africa
    Author(s): de Santana Pinho, Patricia; Langdon, Elena
    Abstract:

    Often called the “most African” part of Brazil, the northeastern state of Bahia has the country’s largest Afro-descendant population and a black culture renowned for its vibrancy. In Mama Africa, Patricia de Santana Pinho examines the meanings of Africa in Bahian constructions of blackness. Combining insights from anthropology, sociology, and cultural studies, Pinho considers how Afro-Bahian cultural groups, known as blocos afro, conceive of Africanness, blackness, and themselves in relation to both. Mama Africa is a translated, updated, and expanded edition of an award-winning book published in Brazil in 2004. Central to the book, and to Bahian constructions of blackness, is what Pinho calls “the myth of Mama Africa,” the idea that Africa exists as a nurturing spirit inside every black person.

    Pinho explores how Bahian cultural production influences and is influenced by black diasporic cultures and the idealization of Africa—to the extent that Bahia draws African American tourists wanting to learn about their heritage. Analyzing the conceptions of blackness produced by the blocos afro, she describes how Africa is re-inscribed on the body through clothes, hairstyles, and jewelry; once demeaned, blackness is reclaimed as a source of beauty and pride. Turning to the body’s interior, Pinho explains that the myth of Mama Africa implies that black appearances have corresponding black essences. Musical and dance abilities are seen as naturally belonging to black people, and these traits are often believed to be transmitted by blood. Pinho argues that such essentialized ideas of blackness render black culture increasingly vulnerable to exploitation by the state and commercial interests. She contends that the myth of Mama Africa, while informing oppositional black identities, overlaps with a constraining notion of Bahianness promoted by the government and the tourist industry.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391760
    Publication Date: 2010-01-04
    author-list-text: Patricia de Santana Pinho and Elena Langdon
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Patricia de Santana Pinho and
    2. Elena Langdon
    contrib-author: Patricia de Santana Pinho
    contrib-translator: Elena Langdon
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391760
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346548
    isbn-paper: 9780822346463
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An examination of the meanings of blackness in the Brazilian state of Bahia, which is often called the most African part of Brazil.

    subtitle: Reinventing Blackness in Bahia
  • Man or Monster?
    Author(s): Hinton, Alexander Laban
    Abstract:

    During the Khmer Rouge's brutal reign in Cambodia during the mid-to-late 1970s, a former math teacher named Duch served as the commandant of the S-21 security center, where as many as 20,000 victims were interrogated, tortured, and executed. In 2009 Duch stood trial for these crimes against humanity. While the prosecution painted Duch as evil, his defense lawyers claimed he simply followed orders. In Man or Monster? Alexander Hinton uses creative ethnographic writing, extensive fieldwork, hundreds of interviews, and his experience attending Duch's trial to create a nuanced analysis of Duch, the tribunal, the Khmer Rouge, and the after-effects of Cambodia's genocide. Interested in how a person becomes a torturer and executioner as well as the law's ability to grapple with crimes against humanity, Hinton adapts Hannah Arendt's notion of the "banality of evil" to consider how the potential for violence is embedded in the everyday ways people articulate meaning and comprehend the world. Man or Monster? provides novel ways to consider justice, terror, genocide, memory, truth, and humanity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373551
    Publication Date: 2016-10-07
    author-list-text: Alexander Laban Hinton
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Alexander Laban Hinton
    contrib-author: Alexander Laban Hinton
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373551
    illustrations-note: 22 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362586
    isbn-paper: 9780822362739
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Alexander Laban Hinton offers a detailed analysis of a former Khmer Rouge security center commandant who was convicted for overseeing the interrogation, torture, and execution of nearly 20,000 Cambodians. Interested in how someone becomes an executioner, Hinton provides numerous ways to consider justice, genocide, memory, truth, and humanity.

    subtitle: The Trial of a Khmer Rouge Torturer
  • Managing African Portugal
    Author(s): Fikes, Kesha
    Abstract:

    In Managing African Portugal, Kesha Fikes shows how the final integration of Portugal’s economic institutions into the European Union (EU) in the late 1990s changed everyday encounters between African migrants and Portuguese citizens. This economic transition is examined through transformations in ideologies of difference enacted in workspaces in Lisbon between the mid-1990s and the early 2000s. Fikes evaluates shifts in racial discourse and considers how both antiracism and racism instantiate proof of Portugal’s European “conversion” and modernization.

    The ethnographic focus is a former undocumented fish market that at one time employed both Portuguese and Cape Verdean women. Both groups eventually sought work in low-wage professions as maids, nannies, and restaurant-kitchen help. The visibility of poor Portuguese women as domestics was thought to undermine the appearance of Portuguese modernity; by contrast, the association of poor African women with domestic work confirmed it. Fikes argues that we can better understand how Portugal interpreted its economic absorption into the EU by attending to the different directions in which working-poor Portuguese and Cape Verdean women were routed in the mid-1990s and by observing the character of the new work relationships that developed among them. In Managing African Portugal, Fikes pushes for a study of migrant phenomena that considers not only how the enactment of citizenship by the citizen manages the migrant, but also how citizens are simultaneously governed through their uptake and assumption of new EU citizen roles.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390985
    Publication Date: 2009-10-27
    author-list-text: Kesha Fikes
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kesha Fikes
    contrib-author: Kesha Fikes
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390985
    illustrations-note: 9 photographs, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344988
    isbn-paper: 9780822345121
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography of immigrant women from Cape Verde, a former Portuguese African colony, that studies the effects of Portugal's integration into the EU on immigrant labor and social relations in Lisbon.

    subtitle: The Citizen-Migrant Distinction
  • Manly Arts
    Author(s): Gerstner, David A
    Abstract:

    In this innovative analysis of the interconnections between nation and aesthetics in the United States during the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth, David A. Gerstner reveals the crucial role of early cinema in consolidating a masculine ideal under American capitalism. Gerstner describes how cinema came to be considered the art form of the New World and how its experimental qualities infused other artistic traditions (many associated with Europe—painting, literature, and even photography) with new life: brash, virile, American life. He argues that early filmmakers were as concerned with establishing cinema’s standing in relation to other art forms as they were with storytelling. Focusing on the formal dimensions of early-twentieth-century films, he describes how filmmakers drew on European and American theater, literature, and painting to forge a national aesthetic that equated democracy with masculinity.

    Gerstner provides in-depth readings of several early American films, illuminating their connections to a wide range of artistic traditions and cultural developments, including dance, poetry, cubism, realism, romanticism, and urbanization. He shows how J. Stuart Blackton and Theodore Roosevelt developed The Battle Cry of Peace (1915) to disclose cinema’s nationalist possibilities during the era of the new twentieth-century urban frontier; how Paul Strand and Charles Sheeler positioned a national avant-garde through the fusion of “American Cubism” and industrialization in their film, Manhatta (1921); and how Oscar Micheaux drew on slave narratives and other African American artistic traditions as he grappled with the ideological terms of African American and white American manhood in his movie Within Our Gates (1920). Turning to Vincente Minnelli’s Cabin in the Sky (1943), Gerstner points to the emergence of an aesthetic of cultural excess that brought together white and African American cultural producers—many of them queer—and troubled the equation of national arts with masculinity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387664
    Publication Date: 2006-02-13
    author-list-text: David A Gerstner
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. David A Gerstner
    contrib-author: David A Gerstner
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387664
    illustrations-note: 49 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337751
    isbn-paper: 9780822337638
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Examines the anxieties of class and race and the conflicts between New and Old Worlds that attend the elevation of masculinity as a defining characteristic of early American cinema and visual culture.

    subtitle: Masculinity and Nation in Early American Cinema
  • Manufacturing Confucianism
    Author(s): Jensen, Lionel M.
    Abstract:

    Could it be that the familiar and beloved figure of Confucius was invented by Jesuit priests? In Manufacturing Confucianism, Lionel M. Jensen reveals this very fact, demonstrating how sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Western missionaries used translations of the ancient ru tradition to invent the presumably historical figure who has since been globally celebrated as philosopher, prophet, statesman, wise man, and saint.

    Tracing the history of the Jesuits’ invention of Confucius and of themselves as native defenders of Confucius’s teaching, Jensen reconstructs the cultural consequences of the encounter between the West and China. For the West, a principal outcome of this encounter was the reconciliation of empirical investigation and theology on the eve of the scientific revolution. Jensen also explains how Chinese intellectuals in the early twentieth century fashioned a new cosmopolitan Chinese culture through reliance on the Jesuits’ Confucius and Confucianism. Challenging both previous scholarship and widespread belief, Jensen uses European letters and memoirs, Christian histories and catechisms written in Chinese, translations and commentaries on the Sishu, and a Latin summary of Chinese culture known as the Confucius Sinarum Philosophus to argue that the national self-consciousness of Europe and China was bred from a cultural ecumenism wherein both were equal contributors.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399582
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Lionel M. Jensen
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lionel M. Jensen
    contrib-author: Lionel M. Jensen
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822399582
    illustrations-note: 13 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822320340
    isbn-paper: 9780822320470
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Chinese Traditions and Universal Civilization
  • Manufacturing Modern Japanese Literature
    Author(s): Mack, Edward; Chow, Rey; Dutton, Michael; Harootunian, Harry; Morris, Rosalind C.
    Abstract:

    Emphasizing how modes of book production, promotion, and consumption shape ideas of literary value, Edward Mack examines the role of Japan’s publishing industry in defining modern Japanese literature. In the late nineteenth century and early twentieth, as cultural and economic power consolidated in Tokyo, the city’s literary and publishing elites came to dominate the dissemination and preservation of Japanese literature. As Mack explains, they conferred cultural value on particular works by creating prizes and multivolume anthologies that signaled literary merit. One such anthology, the Complete Works of Contemporary Japanese Literature (published between 1926 and 1931), provided many readers with their first experience of selected texts designated as modern Japanese literature. The low price of one yen per volume allowed the series to reach hundreds of thousands of readers. An early prize for modern Japanese literature, the annual Akutagawa Prize, first awarded in 1935, became the country’s highest-profile literary award. Mack chronicles the history of book production and consumption in Japan, showing how advances in technology, the expansion of a market for literary commodities, and the development of an extensive reading community enabled phenomena such as the Complete Works of Contemporary Japanese Literature and the Akutagawa Prize to manufacture the very concept of modern Japanese literature.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391654
    Publication Date: 2010-07-30
    author-list-text: Edward Mack, Rey Chow, Michael Dutton, Harry Harootunian and Rosalind C. Morris
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Edward Mack,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Michael Dutton,
    4. Harry Harootunian and
    5. Rosalind C. Morris
    contrib-author: Edward Mack
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Michael Dutton; Harry Harootunian; Rosalind C. Morris
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391654
    illustrations-note: 6 photos, 11 tables, 3 maps, 8 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346609
    isbn-paper: 9780822346722
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
    short-abstract:

    A history of book production and consumption in Japan showing how the Tokyo-based publishing industry manufactured the very concept of modern Japanese literature.

    subtitle: Publishing, Prizes, and the Ascription of Literary Value
  • Mao Zedong and China in the Twentieth-Century World
    Author(s): Karl, Rebecca E.; Chow, Rey; Dutton, Michael; Harootunian, Harry; Morris, Rosalind C.
    Abstract:

    Throughout this lively and concise historical account of Mao Zedong’s life and thought, Rebecca E. Karl places the revolutionary leader’s personal experiences, social visions and theory, military strategies, and developmental and foreign policies in a dynamic narrative of the Chinese revolution. She situates Mao and the revolution in a global setting informed by imperialism, decolonization, and third worldism, and discusses worldwide trends in politics, the economy, military power, and territorial sovereignty. Karl begins with Mao’s early life in a small village in Hunan province, documenting his relationships with his parents, passion for education, and political awakening during the fall of the Qing dynasty in late 1911. She traces his transition from liberal to Communist over the course of the next decade, his early critiques of the subjugation of women, and the gathering force of the May 4th movement for reform and radical change. Describing Mao’s rise to power, she delves into the dynamics of Communist organizing in an overwhelmingly agrarian society, and Mao’s confrontations with Chiang Kaishek and other nationalist conservatives. She also considers his marriages and romantic liaisons and their relation to Mao as the revolutionary founder of Communism in China. After analyzing Mao’s stormy tenure as chairman of the People’s Republic of China, Karl concludes by examining his legacy in China from his death in 1976 through the Beijing Olympics in 2008.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393023
    Publication Date: 2010-07-23
    author-list-text: Rebecca E. Karl, Rey Chow, Michael Dutton, Harry Harootunian and Rosalind C. Morris
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Rebecca E. Karl,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Michael Dutton,
    4. Harry Harootunian and
    5. Rosalind C. Morris
    contrib-author: Rebecca E. Karl
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Michael Dutton; Harry Harootunian; Rosalind C. Morris
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822393023
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347804
    isbn-paper: 9780822347958
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
    short-abstract:

    Describes Mao Zedong s life and thought in relation to the Chinese revolution and twentieth-century history.

    subtitle: A Concise History
  • Mapping Yorùbá Networks
    Author(s): Clarke, Kamari Maxine
    Abstract:

    Three flags fly in the palace courtyard of Òyótúnjí African Village. One represents black American emancipation from slavery, one black nationalism, and the third the establishment of an ancient Yorùbá Empire in the state of South Carolina. Located sixty-five miles southwest of Charleston, Òyótúnjí is a Yorùbá revivalist community founded in 1970. Mapping Yorùbá Networks is an innovative ethnography of Òyótúnjí and a theoretically sophisticated exploration of how Yorùbá òrìsà voodoo religious practices are reworked as expressions of transnational racial politics. Drawing on several years of multisited fieldwork in the United States and Nigeria, Kamari Maxine Clarke describes Òyótúnjí in vivid detail—the physical space, government, rituals, language, and marriage and kinship practices—and explores how ideas of what constitutes the Yorùbá past are constructed. She highlights the connections between contemporary Yorùbá transatlantic religious networks and the post-1970s institutionalization of roots heritage in American social life.

    Examining how the development of a deterritorialized network of black cultural nationalists became aligned with a lucrative late-twentieth-century roots heritage market, Clarke explores the dynamics of Òyótúnjí Village’s religious and tourist economy. She discusses how the community generates income through the sale of prophetic divinatory consultations, African market souvenirs—such as cloth, books, candles, and carvings—and fees for community-based tours and dining services. Clarke accompanied Òyótúnjí villagers to Nigeria, and she describes how these heritage travelers often returned home feeling that despite the separation of their ancestors from Africa as a result of transatlantic slavery, they—more than the Nigerian Yorùbá—are the true claimants to the ancestral history of the Great Òyó Empire of the Yorùbá people. Mapping Yorùbá Networks is a unique look at the political economy of homeland identification and the transnational construction and legitimization of ideas such as authenticity, ancestry, blackness, and tradition.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385417
    Publication Date: 2004-06-21
    author-list-text: Kamari Maxine Clarke
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kamari Maxine Clarke
    contrib-author: Kamari Maxine Clarke
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385417
    illustrations-note: 67 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333302
    isbn-paper: 9780822333425
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Ethnographic study of life and ritual in an African American Yorùbá revivalist community in South Carolina and its complex relation to Nigerian Yorùbá identity.

    subtitle: Power and Agency in the Making of Transnational Communities
  • Margaret Mead Made Me Gay
    Author(s): Newton, Esther; Barale, Michèle Aina; Moon, Michael; Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky; Goldberg, Jonathan; Halberstam, Judith
    Abstract:

    Margaret Mead Made Me Gay is the intellectual autobiography of cultural anthropologist Esther Newton, a pioneer in gay and lesbian studies. Chronicling the development of her ideas from the excitement of early feminism in the 1960s to friendly critiques of queer theory in the 1990s, this collection covers a range of topics such as why we need more precise sexual vocabularies, why there have been fewer women doing drag than men, and how academia can make itself more hospitable to queers. It brings together such classics as “The Mythic Mannish Lesbian” and “Dick(less) Tracy and the Homecoming Queen” with entirely new work such as “Theater: Gay Anti-Church.”

    Newton’s provocative essays detail a queer academic career while offering a behind-the-scenes view of academic homophobia. In four sections that correspond to major periods and interests in her life—”Drag and Camp,” “Lesbian-Feminism,” “Butch,” and “Queer Anthropology”—the volume reflects her successful struggle to create a body of work that uses cultural anthropology to better understand gender oppression, early feminism, theatricality and performance, and the sexual and erotic dimensions of fieldwork. Combining personal, theoretical, and ethnographic perspectives, Margaret Mead Made Me Gay also includes photographs from Newton’s personal and professional life.

    With wise and revealing discussions of the complex relations between experience and philosophy, the personal and the political, and identities and practices, Margaret Mead Made Me Gay is important for anyone interested in the birth and growth of gay and lesbian studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381341
    Publication Date: 2000-11-01
    author-list-text: Esther Newton, Michèle Aina Barale, Michael Moon, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Jonathan Goldberg and Judith Halberstam
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Esther Newton,
    2. Michèle Aina Barale,
    3. Michael Moon,
    4. Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick,
    5. Jonathan Goldberg and
    6. Judith Halberstam
    contrib-author: Esther Newton
    contrib-other: Judith Halberstam
    contrib-series-editor: Michèle Aina Barale; Michael Moon; Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick; Jonathan Goldberg
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822381341
    illustrations-note: 23 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326045
    isbn-paper: 9780822326120
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    short-abstract:

    A collection of essays by a pioneering queer anthropologist.

    subtitle: Personal Essays, Public Ideas
  • Marina Tsvetaeva
    Author(s): Feiler, Lily
    Abstract:

    "No more passionate voice ever sounded in Russian poetry of the 20th century," Joseph Brodsky writes of Marina Tsvetaeva. And yet Western readers are only now starting to discover what Tsvetaeva’s Russian audience has already recognized, "that she was one of the major poetic voices of the century" (Tomas Venclova, The New Republic).

    Born to a family of Russian intelligentsia in 1892 and coming of age in the crucible of revolution and war, Tsvetaeva has been seen as a victim of her politicized time, her life and her work marked by exile, neglect, and persecution. This book is the first to show us the poet as she discovered her life through art, shaped as much by inner demons as by the political forces and harsh realities of her day. With remarkable psychological and literary subtlety, Lily Feiler traces these demons through the tragic drama of Tsvetaeva’s life and poetry. Hers is a story full of contradictions, resisting social and literary conventions but enmeshed in the politics and poetry of her time. Feiler depicts the poet in her complex relation to her contemporaries—Pasternak, Rilke, Mayakovsky, Mandelstam, and Akhmatova. She shows us a woman embodying the values of nineteenth-century romanticism, yet radical in her poetry, supremely independent in her art, but desperate for appreciation and love, simultaneously mother and child in her complicated sexual relationships with men and women.

    From prerevolutionary Russia to Red Moscow, from pre-World War II Berlin, Prague, and Paris to the Soviet Union under Stalin, Feiler follows the tortuous drama of Tsvetaeva’s life and work to its last tragic act, exposing at each turn the passions that molded some of this century’s most powerful poetry.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379539
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Lily Feiler
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lily Feiler
    contrib-author: Lily Feiler
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822379539
    illustrations-note: 15 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822314820
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Double Beat of Heaven and Hell
  • Mark Twain’s Pudd’nhead Wilson
    Author(s): Gillman, Susan; Robinson, Forrest G.; Cox, James M.
    Abstract:

    This collection seeks to place Pudd’nhead Wilson—a neglected, textually fragmented work of Mark Twain’s—in the context of contemporary critical approaches to literary studies. The editors’ introduction argues the virtues of using Pudd’nhead Wilson as a teaching text, a case study in many of the issues presently occupying literary criticism: issues of history and the uses of history, of canon formation, of textual problematics, and finally of race, class, and gender.

    In a variety of ways the essays build arguments out of, not in spite of, the anomalies, inconsistencies, and dead ends in the text itself. Such wrinkles and gaps, the authors find, are the symptoms of an inconclusive, even evasive, but culturally illuminating struggle to confront and resolve difficult questions bearing on race and sex. Such fresh, intellectually enriching perspectives on the novel arise directly from the broad-based interdisciplinary foundations provided by the participating scholars. Drawing on a wide variety of critical methodologies, the essays place the novel in ways that illuminate the world in which it was produced and that further promise to stimulate further study.

    Contributors. Michael Cowan, James M. Cox, Susan Gillman, Myra Jehlen, Wilson Carey McWilliams, George E. Marcus, Carolyn Porter, Forrest Robinson, Michael Rogin, John Carlos Rowe, John Schaar, Eric Sundquist

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381624
    Publication Date: 1990-07-20
    author-list-text: James M. Cox
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James M. Cox
    contrib-editor: Susan Gillman; Forrest G. Robinson
    contrib-other: James M. Cox
    copyright-year: 1990
    eisbn: 9780822381624
    isbn-paper: 9780822310464
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Race, Conflict and Culture
  • Markedness Theory
    Author(s): Andrews, Edna; Van Schooneveld, C. H.
    Abstract:

    Edna Andrews clarifies and extends the work of Roman Jakobson to develop a theory of invariants in language by distinguishing between general and contextual meaning in morphology and semantics. Markedness theory, as Jakobson conceived it, is a qualitative theory of oppositional binary relations. Andrews shows how markedness theory enables a linguist to precisely define the systemically given oppositions and hierarchies represented by linguistic categories. In addition, she redefines the relationship between Jakobsonian markedness theory and Peircean interpretants. Though primarily theoretical, the argument is illustrated with discussions about learning a second language, the relationship of linguistics to mathematics (particularly set theory, algebra, topology, and statistics) in their mutual pursuit of invariance, and issues involving grammatical gender and their implications in several languages.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382881
    Publication Date: 1990-05-09
    author-list-text: C. H. Van Schooneveld
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. C. H. Van Schooneveld
    contrib-editor: Edna Andrews
    contrib-series-editor: C. H. Van Schooneveld
    copyright-year: 1990
    eisbn: 9780822382881
    isbn-cloth: 9780822309598
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Sound and Meaning: The Roman Jakobson Series in Linguistics and Poetics
    subtitle:
  • Markets of Dispossession
    Author(s): Elyachar, Julia; Adams, Julia; Steinmetz, George
    Abstract:

    What happens when the market tries to help the poor? In many parts of the world today, neoliberal development programs are offering ordinary people the tools of free enterprise as the means to well-being and empowerment. Schemes to transform the poor into small-scale entrepreneurs promise them the benefits of the market and access to the rewards of globalization. Markets of Dispossession is a theoretically sophisticated and sobering account of the consequences of these initiatives.

    Julia Elyachar studied the efforts of bankers, social scientists, ngo members, development workers, and state officials to turn the craftsmen and unemployed youth of Cairo into the vanguard of a new market society based on microenterprise. She considers these efforts in relation to the alternative notions of economic success held by craftsmen in Cairo, in which short-term financial profit is not always highly valued. Through her careful ethnography of workshop life, Elyachar explains how the traditional market practices of craftsmen are among the most vibrant modes of market life in Egypt. Long condemned as backward, these existing market practices have been seized on by social scientists and development institutions as the raw materials for experiments in “free market” expansion. Elyachar argues that the new economic value accorded to the cultural resources and social networks of the poor has fueled a broader process leading to their economic, social, and cultural dispossession.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387138
    Publication Date: 2005-10-05
    author-list-text: Julia Elyachar, Julia Adams and George Steinmetz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Julia Elyachar,
    2. Julia Adams and
    3. George Steinmetz
    contrib-author: Julia Elyachar
    contrib-series-editor: Julia Adams; George Steinmetz
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387138
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335832
    isbn-paper: 9780822335719
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Politics, History, and Culture
    short-abstract:

    A case study of economic development in Cairo that sheds light on issues of agency and empowerment in the age of neoliberal globalization.

    subtitle: NGOs, Economic Development, and the State in Cairo
  • Markets of Sorrow, Labors of Faith
    Author(s): Adams, Vincanne
    Abstract:

    Markets of Sorrow, Labors of Faith is an ethnographic account of long-term recovery in post-Katrina New Orleans. It is also a sobering exploration of the privatization of vital social services under market-driven governance. In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, public agencies subcontracted disaster relief to private companies that turned the humanitarian work of recovery into lucrative business. These enterprises profited from the very suffering that they failed to ameliorate, producing a second-order disaster that exacerbated inequalities based on race and class and leaving residents to rebuild almost entirely on their own.

    Filled with the often desperate voices of residents who returned to New Orleans, Markets of Sorrow, Labors of Faith describes the human toll of disaster capitalism and the affect economy it has produced. While for-profit companies delayed delivery of federal resources to returning residents, faith-based and nonprofit groups stepped in to rebuild, compelled by the moral pull of charity and the emotional rewards of volunteer labor. Adams traces the success of charity efforts, even while noting an irony of neoliberalism, which encourages the very same for-profit companies to exploit these charities as another market opportunity. In so doing, the companies profit not once but twice on disaster.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379195
    Publication Date: 2013-02-11
    author-list-text: Vincanne Adams
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Vincanne Adams
    contrib-author: Vincanne Adams
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822379195
    illustrations-note: 12 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354345
    isbn-paper: 9780822354499
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This ethnographic account of long-term recovery in post-Katrina New Orleans provides a sobering look at the fallout from the privatization of vital social services under neoliberal, or market-driven, governance.

    subtitle: New Orleans in the Wake of Katrina
  • Marriage and Modernity
    Author(s): Majumdar, Rochona
    Abstract:

    An innovative cultural history of the evolution of modern marriage practices in Bengal, Marriage and Modernity challenges the assumption that arranged marriage is an antiquated practice. Rochona Majumdar demonstrates that in the late colonial period Bengali marriage practices underwent changes that led to a valorization of the larger, intergenerational family as a revered, “ancient” social institution, with arranged marriage as the apotheosis of an “Indian” tradition. She meticulously documents the ways that these newly embraced “traditions”—the extended family and arranged marriage—entered into competition and conversation with other emerging forms of kinship such as the modern unit of the couple, with both models participating promiscuously in the new “marketplace” for marriages, where matrimonial advertisements in the print media and the payment of dowry played central roles. Majumdar argues that together the kinship structures newly asserted as distinctively Indian and the emergence of the marriage market constituted what was and still is modern about marriages in India.

    Majumdar examines three broad developments related to the modernity of arranged marriage: the growth of a marriage market, concomitant debates about consumption and vulgarity in the conduct of weddings, and the legal regulation of family property and marriages. Drawing on matrimonial advertisements, wedding invitations, poems, photographs, legal debates, and a vast periodical literature, she shows that the modernization of families does not necessarily imply a transition from extended kinship to nuclear family structures, or from matrimonial agreements negotiated between families to marriage contracts between individuals. Colonial Bengal tells a very different story.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390800
    Publication Date: 2009-03-23
    author-list-text: Rochona Majumdar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Rochona Majumdar
    contrib-author: Rochona Majumdar
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390800
    illustrations-note: 42 photographs, 2 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344629
    isbn-paper: 9780822344780
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    This cultural history of the evolution of modern marriage practices in colonial Bengal shows that arranged marriage as it is practiced today is a modern practice from the colonial era.

    subtitle: Family Values in Colonial Bengal
  • Marshall Plan Modernism
    Author(s): Mansoor, Jaleh
    Abstract:

    Focusing on artwork by Lucio Fontana, Alberto Burri, and Piero Manzoni, Jaleh Mansoor demonstrates and reveals how abstract painting, especially the monochrome, broke with fascist-associated futurism and functioned as an index of social transition in postwar Italy. Mansoor refuses to read the singularly striking formal and procedural violence of Fontana's slit canvasses, Burri's burnt and exploded plastics, and Manzoni's "achromes" as metaphors of traumatic memories of World War II. Rather, she locates the motivation for this violence in the history of the medium of painting and in the economic history of postwar Italy. Reconfiguring the relationship between politics and aesthetics, Mansoor illuminates how the monochrome's reemergence reflected Fontana, Burri, and Manzoni's aesthetic and political critique of the Marshall Plan's economic warfare and growing American hegemony. It also anticipated the struggles in Italy's factories, classrooms, and streets that gave rise to Autonomia in the 1960s. Marshall Plan Modernism refigures our understanding of modernist painting as a project about labor and the geopolitics of postwar reconstruction during the Italian Miracle.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373681
    Publication Date: 2016-09-09
    author-list-text: Jaleh Mansoor
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jaleh Mansoor
    contrib-author: Jaleh Mansoor
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373681
    illustrations-note: 26 illustrations, incl. 8 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362456
    isbn-paper: 9780822362609
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Art History Publication Initiative
    short-abstract:

    Focusing on the work of Italian artists Lucio Fontana, Alberto Burri, and Piero Manzoni, Jaleh Mansoor demonstrates and reveals how abstract painting in post-WWII Italy critiqued the economic violence of the Marshall Plan and American hegemony, broke with fascist-associated futurism, and anticipated Italian social unrest in the 1960 and 1970s.

    subtitle: Italian Postwar Abstraction and the Beginnings of Autonomia
  • Masculine/Feminine
    Author(s): Richard, Nelly; Tandeciarz, Silvia R.; Nelson, Alice A.; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric
    Abstract:

    Nelly Richard is one of the most prominent cultural theorists writing in Latin America today. As a participant in Chile’s neo-avantgarde, Richard worked to expand the possibilities for cultural debate within the constraints imposed by the Pinochet dictatorship (1973–1990), and she has continued to offer incisive commentary about the country’s transition to democracy. Well known as the founder and director of the influential Santiago-based journal Revista de crítica cultural, Richard has been central to the dissemination throughout Latin America of work by key contemporary thinkers, including Néstor García Canclini, Jacques Derrida, Fredric Jameson, and Diamela Eltit. Her own writing provides rigorous considerations of Latin American identity, postmodernism, gender, neoliberalism, and strategies of political and cultural resistance.

    Richard helped to organize the 1987 International Conference on Latin American Women’s Literature in Santiago, one of the most significant literary events to take place under the Pinochet dictatorship. Published in Chile in 1993, Masculine/Feminine develops some of the key issues brought to the fore during that landmark meeting. Richard theorizes why the feminist movement has been crucial not only to the liberation of women but also to understanding the ways in which power operated under the military regime in Chile. In one of her most widely praised essays, she explores the figure of the transvestite, artistic imagery of which exploded during the Chilean dictatorship. She examines the politics and the aesthetics of this phenomenon, particularly against the background of prostitution and shantytown poverty, and she argues that gay culture works to break down the social demarcations and rigid structures of city life. Masculine/Feminine makes available, for the first time in English, one of Latin America’s most significant works of feminist theory.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385714
    Publication Date: 2004-04-07
    author-list-text: Nelly Richard, Silvia R. Tandeciarz, Alice A. Nelson, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nelly Richard,
    2. Silvia R. Tandeciarz,
    3. Alice A. Nelson,
    4. Stanley Fish and
    5. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Nelly Richard
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    contrib-translator: Silvia R. Tandeciarz; Alice A. Nelson
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385714
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333029
    isbn-paper: 9780822333142
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America in Translation
    short-abstract:

    A leading feminist theorist shows why the feminist movement has been crucial not simply to the liberation of women but to understanding the ways in which power operated under the military regime in Chile.

    subtitle: Practices of Difference(s)
  • Masculinity Besieged?
    Author(s): Zhong, Xueping
    Abstract:

    In Masculinity Besieged? Xueping Zhong looks at Chinese literature and films produced during the 1980s to examine male subjectivities in contemporary China. Reading through a feminist psychoanalytic lens, Zhong argues that understanding the nature of male subjectivities as portrayed in literature and film is crucial to understanding China’s ongoing quest for modernity.

    Before the 1990s onslaught of popular culture decentered the role of intellectuals within the nation, they had come to embody Chinese masculinity during the previous decade. The focus on masculinity in literature had become unprecedented in scale and the desire for “real men” began to permeate Chinese popular culture, making icons out of Rambo and Takakura Ken. Stories by Zhang Xianliang and Liu Heng portraying male anxiety about masculine sexuality are employed by Zhong to show how “marginal” males negotiate their sexual identities in relation to both women and the state. Looking at writers popular among not only the well-educated but also the working and middle classes, she discusses works by Han Shaogong, Yu Hua, and Wang Shuo and examines instances of self-loathing male voices, particularly as they are articulated in Mo Yan’s well-known work Red Sorghum. In her last chapter Zhong examines “roots literature,” which speaks of the desire to create strong men as a part of the effort to create a geopolitically strong Chinese nation. In an afterword, Zhong situates her study in the context of the 1990s.

    This book will be welcomed by scholars of Chinese cultural studies, as well as in literary and gender studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397267
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Xueping Zhong
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Xueping Zhong
    contrib-author: Xueping Zhong
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822397267
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324065
    isbn-paper: 9780822324423
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Issues of Modernity and Male Subjectivity in Chinese Literature of the Late Twentieth Century
  • Materiality
    Author(s): Miller, Daniel; Meskell, Lynn; Rowlands, Michael; Myers, Fred R.; Engelke, Matthew
    Abstract:

    Throughout history and across social and cultural contexts, most systems of belief—whether religious or secular—have ascribed wisdom to those who see reality as that which transcends the merely material. Yet, as the studies collected here show, the immaterial is not easily separated from the material. Humans are defined, to an extraordinary degree, by their expressions of immaterial ideals through material forms. The essays in Materiality explore varied manifestations of materiality from ancient times to the present. In assessing the fundamental role of materiality in shaping humanity, they signal the need to decenter the social within social anthropology in order to make room for the material.

    Considering topics as diverse as theology, technology, finance, and art, the contributors—most of whom are anthropologists—examine the many different ways in which materiality has been understood and the consequences of these differences. Their case studies show that the latest forms of financial trading instruments can be compared with the oldest ideals of ancient Egypt, that the promise of software can be compared with an age-old desire for an unmediated relationship to divinity. Whether focusing on the theology of Islamic banking, Australian Aboriginal art, derivatives trading in Japan, or textiles that respond directly to their environment, each essay adds depth and nuance to the project that Materiality advances: a profound acknowledgment and rethinking of one of the basic properties of being human.

    Contributors. Matthew Engelke, Webb Keane, Susanne Küchler, Bill Maurer, Lynn Meskell, Daniel Miller, Hirokazu Miyazaki, Fred Myers, Christopher Pinney, Michael Rowlands, Nigel Thrift

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386711
    Publication Date: 2005-06-27
    author-list-text: Lynn Meskell, Michael Rowlands, Fred R. Myers and Matthew Engelke
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lynn Meskell,
    2. Michael Rowlands,
    3. Fred R. Myers and
    4. Matthew Engelke
    contrib-editor: Daniel Miller
    contrib-other: Lynn Meskell; Michael Rowlands; Fred R. Myers; Matthew Engelke
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386711
    illustrations-note: 7 b&w photos, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335306
    isbn-paper: 9780822335429
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of essays rethinking the current uses of material culture study in anthropology, including engagements with art, science, and technology.

    subtitle:
  • Materializing Democracy
    Author(s): Nelson, Dana D.; Castronovo, Russ; Pease, Donald E.; Dayan, Joan; Flores, Richard R.
    Abstract:

    For the most part, democracy is simply presumed to exist in the United States. It is viewed as a completed project rather than as a goal to be achieved. Fifteen leading scholars challenge that stasis in Materializing Democracy. They aim to reinvigorate the idea of democracy by placing it in the midst of a contentious political and cultural fray, which, the volume’s editors argue, is exactly where it belongs. Drawing on literary criticism, cultural studies, history, legal studies, and political theory, the essays collected here highlight competing definitions and practices of democracy—in politics, society, and, indeed, academia.

    Covering topics ranging from rights discourse to Native American performance, from identity politics to gay marriage, and from rituals of public mourning to the Clinton-Lewinsky affair, the contributors seek to understand the practices, ideas, and material conditions that enable or foreclose democracy’s possibilities. Through readings of subjects as diverse as Will Rogers, Alexis de Tocqueville, slave narratives, interactions along the Texas-Mexico border, and liberal arts education, the contributors also explore ways of making democracy available for analysis. Materializing Democracy suggests that attention to disparate narratives is integral to the development of more complex, vibrant versions of democracy.

    Contributors. Lauren Berlant, Wendy Brown, Chris Castiglia, Russ Castronovo, Joan Dayan, Wai Chee Dimock, Lisa Duggan, Richard R. Flores, Kevin Gaines, Jeffrey C. Goldfarb, Michael Moon, Dana D. Nelson, Christopher Newfield, Donald E. Pease

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383901
    Publication Date: 2002-05-31
    author-list-text: Donald E. Pease, Joan Dayan and Richard R. Flores
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Donald E. Pease,
    2. Joan Dayan and
    3. Richard R. Flores
    contrib-editor: Dana D. Nelson; Russ Castronovo
    contrib-other: Joan Dayan; Richard R. Flores
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383901
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329107
    isbn-paper: 9780822329381
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    short-abstract:

    Investigates the complex histories and conflicting desires that are generally concealed behind the term “democracy.”

    subtitle: Toward a Revitalized Cultural Politics
  • Mathematics, Science, and Postclassical Theory
    Author(s): Smith, Barbara Herrnstein; Plotnitsky, Arkady; Rotman, Brian; Pickering, Andrew
    Abstract:

    Mathematics, Science, and Postclassical Theory is a unique collection of essays dealing with the intersections between science and mathematics and the radical reconceptions of knowledge, language, proof, truth, and reality currently emerging from poststructuralist literary theory, constructivist history and sociology of science, and related work in contemporary philosophy. Featuring a distinguished group of international contributors, this volume engages themes and issues central to current theoretical debates in virtually all disciplines: agency, causality, determinacy, representation, and the social dynamics of knowledge.

    In a substantive introductory essay, the editors explain the notion of "postclassical theory" and discuss the significance of ideas such as emergence and undecidability in current work in and on science and mathematics. Other essays include a witty examination of the relations among mathematical thinking, writing, and the technologies of virtual reality; an essay that reconstructs the conceptual practices that led to a crucial mathematical discovery—or construction—in the 19th century; a discussion of the implications of Bohr’s complementarity principle for classical ideas of reality; an examination of scientific laboratories as "hybrid" communities of humans and nonhumans; an analysis of metaphors of control, purpose, and necessity in contemporary biology; an exploration of truth and lies, and the play of words and numbers in Shakespeare, Frege, Wittgenstein, and Beckett; and a final chapter on recent engagements, or nonengagements, between rationalist/realist philosophy of science and contemporary science studies.

    Contributors. Malcolm Ashmore, Michel Callon, Owen Flanagan, John Law, Susan Oyama, Andrew Pickering, Arkady Plotnitsky, Brian Rotman, Barbara Herrnstein Smith, John Vignaux Smyth, E. Roy Weintraub

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382720
    Publication Date: 1997-03-04
    author-list-text: Brian Rotman and Andrew Pickering
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Brian Rotman and
    2. Andrew Pickering
    contrib-editor: Barbara Herrnstein Smith; Arkady Plotnitsky
    contrib-other: Brian Rotman; Andrew Pickering
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822382720
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318576
    isbn-paper: 9780822318637
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Mathematics, Science, and Postclassical Theory is a unique collection of essays dealing with the intersections between science and mathematics and the radical reconceptions of knowledge, language, proof, truth, and reality currently emerging from poststructuralist literary theory, constructivist history and sociology of science, and related work in contemporary philosophy. Featuring a distinguished group of international contributors, this volume engages themes and issues central to current theoretical debates in virtually all disciplines: agency, causality, determinacy, representation, and the social dynamics of knowledge.

    In a substantive introductory essay, the editors explain the notion of "postclassical theory" and discuss the significance of ideas such as emergence and undecidability in current work in and on science and mathematics. Other essays include a witty examination of the relations among mathematical thinking, writing, and the technologies of virtual reality; an essay that reconstructs the conceptual practices that led to a crucial mathematical discovery—or construction—in the 19th century; a discussion of the implications of Bohr’s complementarity principle for classical ideas of reality; an examination of scientific laboratories as "hybrid" communities of humans and nonhumans; an analysis of metaphors of control, purpose, and necessity in contemporary biology; an exploration of truth and lies, and the play of words and numbers in Shakespeare, Frege, Wittgenstein, and Beckett; and a final chapter on recent engagements, or nonengagements, between rationalist/realist philosophy of science and contemporary science studies.

    Contributors. Malcolm Ashmore, Michel Callon, Owen Flanagan, John Law, Susan Oyama, Andrew Pickering, Arkady Plotnitsky, Brian Rotman, Barbara Herrnstein Smith, John Vignaux Smyth, E. Roy Weintraub

    subtitle:
  • Matters of Gravity
    Author(s): Bukatman, Scott
    Abstract:

    The headlong rush, the rapid montage, the soaring superhero, the plunging roller coaster—Matters of Gravity focuses on the experience of technological spectacle in American popular culture over the past century. In these essays, leading media and cultural theorist Scott Bukatman reveals how popular culture tames the threats posed by technology and urban modernity by immersing people in delirious kinetic environments like those traversed by Plastic Man, Superman, and the careening astronauts of 2001: A Space Odyssey and The Right Stuff. He argues that as advanced technologies have proliferated, popular culture has turned the attendant fear of instability into the thrill of topsy-turvydom, often by presenting images and experiences of weightless escape from controlled space.

    Considering theme parks, cyberspace, cinematic special effects, superhero comics, and musical films, Matters of Gravity highlights phenomena that make technology spectacular, permit unfettered flights of fantasy, and free us momentarily from the weight of gravity and history, of past and present. Bukatman delves into the dynamic ways pop culture imagines that apotheosis of modernity: the urban metropolis. He points to two genres, musical films and superhero comics, that turn the city into a unique site of transformative power. Leaping in single bounds from lively descriptions to sharp theoretical insights, Matters of Gravity is a deft, exhilarating celebration of the liberatory effects of popular culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384892
    Publication Date: 2003-06-30
    author-list-text: Scott Bukatman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Scott Bukatman
    contrib-author: Scott Bukatman
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384892
    illustrations-note: 55 illus.,17 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331322
    isbn-paper: 9780822331193
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Accessible and wide-ranging essays on cinema, the body, and the experience of modernity.

    subtitle: Special Effects and Supermen in the 20th Century
  • Maturing Masculinities
    Author(s): Wentzell, Emily A.
    Abstract:

    Maturing Masculinities is a nuanced exploration of how older men in urban Mexico incorporate aging, chronic illness, changing social relationships, and decreasing erectile function into their conceptions of themselves as men. It is based on interviews that Emily A. Wentzell conducted with more than 250 male patients in the urology clinic of a government-run hospital in Cuernavaca. Drawing on science studies, medical anthropology, and gender theory, Wentzell suggests the idea of "composite masculinities" as a paradigm for understanding how men incorporate physical and social change into gendered selfhoods.

    Erectile dysfunction treatments like Viagra are popular in Mexico, where stereotypes of men as sex-obsessed "machos" persist. However, most of the men Wentzell interviewed saw erectile difficulty as a chance to demonstrate difference from this stereotype. Rather than using drugs to continue youthful sex lives, many collaborated with wives and physicians to frame erectile difficulty as a prompt to embody age-appropriate, mature masculinities.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377528
    Publication Date: 2013-06-05
    author-list-text: Emily A. Wentzell
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Emily A. Wentzell
    contrib-author: Emily A. Wentzell
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377528
    illustrations-note: 8 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354918
    isbn-paper: 9780822355069
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Based on interviews with male patients in a urology clinic in Cuernavaca, Maturing Masculinities offers an exploration of how older men in urban Mexico incorporate aging and decreasing erectile function into their conceptions of themselves as men.

    subtitle: Aging, Chronic Illness, and Viagra in Mexico
  • Meaning in Motion
    Author(s): Desmond, Jane C.
    Abstract:

    Dance, whether considered as an art form or embodied social practice, as product or process, is a prime subject for cultural analysis. Yet only recently have studies of dance become concerned with the ideological, theoretical, and social meanings of dance practices, performances, and institutions. In Meaning in Motion, Jane C. Desmond brings together the work of critics who have ventured into the boundaries between dance and cultural studies, and thus maps a little-known and rarely explored critical site.

    Writing from a broad range of perspectives, contributors from disciplines as varied as art history and anthropology, dance history and political science, philosophy and women’s studies chart the questions and challenges that mark this site. How does dance enact or rework social categories of identity? How do meanings change as dance styles cross borders of race, nationality, or class? How do we talk about materiality and motion, sensation and expressivity, kinesthetics and ideology? The authors engage these issues in a variety of contexts: from popular social dances to the experimentation of the avant-garde; from nineteenth-century ballet and contemporary Afro-Brazilian Carnival dance to hip hop, the dance hall, and film; from the nationalist politics of folk dances to the feminist philosophies of modern dance. Giving definition to a new field of study, Meaning in Motion broadens the scope of dance analysis and extends to cultural studies new ways of approaching matters of embodiment, identity, and representation.

    Contributors. Ann Cooper Albright, Evan Alderson, Norman Bryson, Cynthia Cohen Bull, Ann Daly, Brenda Dixon Gottschild, Susan Foster, Mark Franko, Marianne Goldberg, Amy Koritz, Susan Kozel, Susan Manning, Randy Martin, Angela McRobbie, Kate Ramsey, Anna Scott, Janet Wolff

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397281
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Jane C. Desmond
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jane C. Desmond
    contrib-author: Jane C. Desmond
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822397281
    illustrations-note: 37 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319368
    isbn-paper: 9780822319429
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-contemporary interventions
    subtitle: New Cultural Studies of Dance
  • Media Theory in Japan
    Author(s): Steinberg, Marc; Zahlten, Alexander
    Abstract:

    Providing an overview of Japanese media theory from the 1910s to the present, this volume introduces English-language readers to Japan's rich body of theoretical and conceptual work on media for the first time. The essays address a wide range of topics, including the work of foundational Japanese thinkers; Japanese theories of mediation and the philosophy of media; the connections between early Japanese television and consumer culture; and architecture's intersection with communications theory. Tracing the theoretical frameworks and paradigms that stem from Japan's media ecology, the contributors decenter Eurocentric media theory and demonstrate the value of the Japanese context to reassessing the parameters and definition of media theory itself. Taken together, these interdisciplinary essays expand media theory to encompass philosophy, feminist critique, literary theory, marketing discourse, and art; provide a counterbalance to the persisting universalist impulse of media studies; and emphasize the need to consider media theory situationally.  

    Contributors. Yuriko Furuhata, Aaron Gerow, Mark Hansen, Marilyn Ivy, Takeshi Kadobayashi, Keisuke Kitano, Akihiro Kitada, Thomas Looser, Anne McKnight, Ryoko Misono, Akira Mizuta Lippit, Fabian Schäfer, Marc Steinberg, Tomiko Yoda, Alexander Zahlten

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373292
    Publication Date: 2017-02-24
    contrib-editor: Marc Steinberg; Alexander Zahlten
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373292
    illustrations-note: 18 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363125
    isbn-paper: 9780822363262
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Providing an overview of Japanese media theory from the 1910s to the present, this volume introduces English-language readers to Japan's rich body of theoretical and conceptual work on media for the first time, challenging media theory's Eurocentric formation and perspective and redefining its location and practice.

    subtitle:
  • Media, Erotics, and Transnational Asia
    Author(s): Mankekar, Purnima; Schein, Louisa
    Abstract:

    Drawing on methods and approaches from anthropology, media studies, film theory, and cultural studies, the contributors to Media, Erotics, and Transnational Asia examine how mediated eroticism and sexuality circulating across Asia and Asian diasporas both reflect and shape the social practices of their producers and consumers. The essays in this volume cover a wide geographic and thematic range, and combine rigorous textual analysis with empirical research into the production, circulation, and consumption of various forms of media.

    Judith Farquhar examines how health magazines serve as sources of both medical information and erotic titillation to readers in urban China. Tom Boellstorff analyzes how queer zines produced in Indonesia construct the relationship between same-sex desire and citizenship. Purnima Mankekar examines the rearticulation of commodity affect, erotics, and nation on Indian television. Louisa Schein describes how portrayals of Hmong women in videos shot in Laos create desires for the homeland among viewers in the diaspora. Taken together, the essays offer fresh insights into research on gender, erotics, media, and Asia transnationally conceived.

    Contributors. Anne Allison, Tom Boellstorff, Nicole Constable, Heather Dell, Judith Farquhar, Sarah L. Friedman, Martin F. Manalansan IV, Purnima Mankekar, Louisa Schein, Everett Yuehong Zhang

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391326
    Publication Date: 2012-12-15
    contrib-editor: Purnima Mankekar; Louisa Schein
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822391326
    illustrations-note: 25 illustrations, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345596
    isbn-paper: 9780822345770
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This collection of essays examines how mediated eroticism and sexuality circulate across Asia and its diasporas, both reflecting and shaping the social practices of producers and consumers.

    subtitle:
  • Medical Anthropology at the Intersections
    Author(s): Inhorn, Marcia C.; Wentzell, Emily A.
    Abstract:

    In this important collection, prominent scholars who helped to establish medical anthropology as an area of study reflect on the field's past, present, and future. In doing so, they demonstrate that medical anthropology has developed dynamically, through its intersections with activism, with other subfields in anthropology, and with disciplines as varied as public health, the biosciences, and studies of race and ethnicity. Each of the contributors addresses one or more of these intersections. Some trace the evolution of medical anthropology in relation to fields including feminist technoscience, medical history, and international and area studies. Other contributors question the assumptions underlying mental health, global public health, and genetics and genomics, areas of inquiry now central to contemporary medical anthropology. Essays on the field's engagements with disability studies, public policy, and gender and sexuality studies illuminate the commitments of many medical anthropologists to public-health and human-rights activism. Essential reading for all those interested in medical anthropology, this collection offers productive insight into the field and its future, as viewed by some of the world's leading medical anthropologists.

    Contributors. Lawrence Cohen, Didier Fassin, Faye Ginsburg, Marcia C. Inhorn, Arthur Kleinman, Margaret Lock, Emily Martin, Lynn M. Morgan, Richard Parker, Rayna Rapp, Merrill Singer, Emily A. Wentzell

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395478
    Publication Date: 2012-07-19
    contrib-editor: Marcia C. Inhorn; Emily A. Wentzell
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395478
    illustrations-note: 9 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352518
    isbn-paper: 9780822352709
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In Medical Anthropololgy at the Intersections, leading figures in medical anthropology reflect on the field s past, present, and future, considering how it has developed dynamically in relation to activism, other anthropological subfields, and other disciplines.

    subtitle: Histories, Activisms, and Futures
  • Medicating Race
    Author(s): Pollock, Anne
    Abstract:

    In Medicating Race, Anne Pollock traces the intersecting discourses of race, pharmaceuticals, and heart disease in the United States over the past century, from the founding of cardiology through the FDA's approval of BiDil, the first drug sanctioned for use in a specific race. She examines wide-ranging aspects of the dynamic interplay of race and heart disease: articulations, among the founders of American cardiology, of heart disease as a modern, and therefore white, illness; constructions of "normal" populations in epidemiological research, including the influential Framingham Heart Study; debates about the distinctiveness African American hypertension, which turn on disparate yet intersecting arguments about genetic legacies of slavery and the comparative efficacy of generic drugs; and physician advocacy for the urgent needs of black patients on professional, scientific, and social justice grounds. Ultimately, Pollock insists that those grappling with the meaning of racialized medical technologies must consider not only the troubled history of race and biomedicine but also its fraught yet vital present. Medical treatment should be seen as a site of, rather than an alternative to, political and social contestation. The aim of scholarly analysis should not be to settle matters of race and genetics, but to hold medicine more broadly accountable to truth and justice.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395782
    Publication Date: 2012-09-01
    author-list-text: Anne Pollock
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Anne Pollock
    contrib-author: Anne Pollock
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395782
    illustrations-note: 5 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353294
    isbn-paper: 9780822353447
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Experimental futures : technological lives, scientific arts, anthropological voices
    short-abstract:

    In Medicating Race, Anne Pollock traces the intersecting discourses of race, pharmaceuticals, and heart disease in the United States over the past century, from the founding of cardiology through the FDA's approval of BiDil, the first drug sanctioned for use in a specific race.

    subtitle: Heart Disease and Durable Preoccupations with Difference
  • Mediterranean Crossings
    Author(s): Chambers, Iain
    Abstract:

    The cultural theorist Iain Chambers is known for his historically grounded, philosophically informed, and politically pointed inquiries into issues of identity, alterity, and migration, and the challenge postcolonial studies poses to conventional Western thought. With Mediterranean Crossings, he challenges insufficient prevailing characterizations of the Mediterranean by offering a vibrant interdisciplinary and intercultural interpretation of the region’s culture and history. The “Mediterranean” as a concept entered the European lexicon only in the early nineteenth century. As an object of study, it is the product of modern geographical, political, and historical classifications. Chambers contends that the region’s fundamentally fluid, hybrid nature has long been obscured by the categories and strictures imposed by European discourse and government.

    In evocative and erudite prose, Chambers renders the Mediterranean a mutable space, profoundly marked by the linguistic, literary, culinary, musical, and intellectual dissemination of Arab, Jewish, Turkish, and Latin cultures. He brings to light histories of Mediterranean crossings—of people, goods, melodies, thought—that are rarely part of orthodox understandings. Chambers writes in a style that reflects the fluidity of the exchanges that have formed the region; he segues between major historical events and local daily routines, backwards and forwards in time, and from one part of the Mediterranean to another. A sea of endlessly overlapping cultural and historical currents, the Mediterranean exceeds the immediate constraints of nationalism and inflexible identity. It offers scholars an opportunity to rethink the past and present and to imagine a future beyond the confines of Western humanistic thought.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388869
    Publication Date: 2007-12-26
    author-list-text: Iain Chambers
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Iain Chambers
    contrib-author: Iain Chambers
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388869
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341260
    isbn-paper: 9780822341505
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An interdisciplinary interpretation of the Mediterranean as an extraordinarily fluid, heterogeneous cultural and historical formation, by a leading cultural theorist.

    subtitle: The Politics of an Interrupted Modernity

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