Browse by Title : L

  • La Frontera
    Author(s): Klubock, Thomas Miller

    In La Frontera, Thomas Miller Klubock offers a pioneering social and environmental history of southern Chile, exploring the origins of today’s forestry "miracle" in Chile. Although Chile's forestry boom is often attributed to the free-market policies of the Pinochet dictatorship, La Frontera shows that forestry development began in the early twentieth century when Chilean governments turned to forestry science and plantations of the North American Monterey pine to establish their governance of the frontier's natural and social worlds. Klubock demonstrates that modern conservationist policies and scientific forestry drove the enclosure of frontier commons occupied by indigenous and non-indigenous peasants who were defined as a threat to both native forests and tree plantations. La Frontera narrates the century-long struggles among peasants, Mapuche indigenous communities, large landowners, and the state over access to forest commons in the frontier territory. It traces the shifting social meanings of environmentalism by showing how, during the 1990s, rural laborers and Mapuches, once vilified by conservationists and foresters, drew on the language of modern environmentalism to critique the social dislocations produced by Chile's much vaunted neoliberal economic model, linking a more just social order to the biodiversity of native forests.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376569
    Publication Date: 2014-04-16
    author-list-text: Thomas Miller Klubock
    1. Thomas Miller Klubock
    contrib-author: Thomas Miller Klubock
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376569
    illustrations-note: 13 photos, 3 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355984
    isbn-paper: 9780822356035
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical perspectives:
    subtitle: Forests and Ecological Conflict in Chile’s Frontier Territory
  • La Patria del Criollo
    Author(s): Martinez Pelaez, Severo; Neve, Susan M.; Lutz, Christopher H.; Lovell, W. George

    This translation of Severo Martínez Peláez’s La Patria del Criollo, first published in Guatemala in 1970, makes a classic, controversial work of Latin American history available to English-language readers. Martínez Peláez was one of Guatemala’s foremost historians and a political activist committed to revolutionary social change. La Patria del Criollo is his scathing assessment of Guatemala’s colonial legacy. Martínez Peláez argues that Guatemala remains a colonial society because the conditions that arose centuries ago when imperial Spain held sway have endured. He maintains that economic circumstances that assure prosperity for a few and deprivation for the majority were altered neither by independence in 1821 nor by liberal reform following 1871. The few in question are an elite group of criollos, people of Spanish descent born in Guatemala; the majority are predominantly Maya Indians, whose impoverishment is shared by many mixed-race Guatemalans.

    Martínez Peláez asserts that “the coffee dictatorships were the full and radical realization of criollo notions of the patria.” This patria, or homeland, was one that criollos had wrested from Spaniards in the name of independence and taken control of based on claims of liberal reform. He contends that since labor is needed to make land productive, the exploitation of labor, particularly Indian labor, was a necessary complement to criollo appropriation. His depiction of colonial reality is bleak, and his portrayal of Spanish and criollo behavior toward Indians unrelenting in its emphasis on cruelty and oppression. Martínez Peláez felt that the grim past he documented surfaces each day in an equally grim present, and that confronting the past is a necessary step in any effort to improve Guatemala’s woes. An extensive introduction situates La Patria del Criollo in historical context and relates it to contemporary issues and debates.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392064
    Publication Date: 2009-04-24
    author-list-text: Severo Martinez Pelaez, Susan M. Neve and W. George Lovell
    1. Severo Martinez Pelaez,
    2. Susan M. Neve and
    3. W. George Lovell
    contrib-author: Severo Martinez Pelaez
    contrib-editor: Christopher H. Lutz
    contrib-translator: Susan M. Neve; W. George Lovell
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392064
    illustrations-note: 1 map, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343974
    isbn-paper: 9780822344155
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    This translation of a history of colonial Guatemala, first published in that country in 1970, makes a classic, controversial work of Latin American history available to English-language readers.

    subtitle: An Interpretation of Colonial Guatemala
  • Labors Appropriate to Their Sex
    Author(s): Hutchison, Elizabeth Quay; Levenson, Deborah T.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    In Labors Appropriate to Their Sex Elizabeth Quay Hutchison addresses the plight of working women in early twentieth-century Chile, when the growth of urban manufacturing was transforming the contours of women’s wage work and stimulating significant public debate, new legislation, educational reform, and social movements directed at women workers. Challenging earlier interpretations of women’s economic role in Chile’s industrial growth, which took at face value census figures showing a dramatic decline in women’s industrial work after 1907, Hutchison shows how the spread of industrial sweatshops and changing definitions of employment in the census combined to make female labor disappear from census records at the same time that it was in fact burgeoning in urban areas.

    In addition to population and industrial censuses, Hutchison culls published and archival sources to illuminate such misconceptions and to reveal how women’s paid labor became a locus of anxiety for a society confronting social problems—both real and imagined—that were linked to industrialization and modernization. The limited options of working women were viewed by politicians, elite women, industrialists, and labor organizers as indicative of a society in crisis, she claims, yet their struggles were also viewed as the potential springboard for reform. Labors Appropriate to Their Sex thus demonstrates how changing norms concerning gender and work were central factors in conditioning the behavior of both male and female workers, relations between capital and labor, and political change and reform in Chile.

    This study will be rewarding for those whose interests lie in labor, gender, or Latin American studies; as well as for those concerned with the histories of early feminism, working-class women, and sexual discrimination in Latin America.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381310
    Publication Date: 2001-10-25
    author-list-text: Elizabeth Quay Hutchison, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Elizabeth Quay Hutchison,
    2. Irene Silverblatt and
    3. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Elizabeth Quay Hutchison
    contrib-editor: Deborah T. Levenson
    contrib-series-editor: Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822381310
    illustrations-note: 20 photographs, 22 tables, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327325
    isbn-paper: 9780822327424
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    The first systematic account of Chilean women's labor from 1885 to 1930 showing how women's paid labor became a locus of anxiety for a society confronting social problems linked to modernization.

    subtitle: Gender, Labor, and Politics in Urban Chile, 1900–1930
  • Ladies Errant
    Author(s): Shemek, Deanna

    The issue of a woman’s place—and the possibility that she might stray from it—was one of early modern Italy’s most persistent social concerns. Ladies Errant takes as its starting point the vast literature of this era devoted to the proper conduct and education of women. Deanna Shemek uses this foundation to present the problem of wayward feminine behavior as it was perceived to threaten male identity and social order in the artistic and intellectual articulations of the Italian Renaissance.

    Seeing errancy as an act of resistance rather than of error, Shemek carries her study beyond the didactic and prescriptive literature on femininity in early modern Italy to an arena in which theories about femininity are considered jointly with real and fictional instances of women’s waywardness. As prostitutes, warriors, lovers, and poets, the women of Shemek’s study are found in canonical texts, marginal works, and popular artistic activity, appearing, for instance, in literature, paintings, legal proceedings, and accounts of public festivals. By juxtaposing these varied places of errancy—from Ariosto’s chivalric Orlando furioso to the prostitutes’ race in the Palio di San Giorgio—Shemek points to the important contact between elite and popular cultures in early modernity, revealing the strength and flexibility of a gender boundary fundamental to early modern conceptions of social order.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399896
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Deanna Shemek
    1. Deanna Shemek
    contrib-author: Deanna Shemek
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822399896
    illustrations-note: 8 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321552
    isbn-paper: 9780822321675
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Wayward Women and Social Order in Early Modern Italy
  • Lamb at the Altar
    Author(s): Hay, Deborah

    "The intention of my work is to dislodge assumptions about the fixity of the three-dimensional body."—Deborah Hay

    Her movements are uncharacteristic, her words subversive, her dances unlike anything done before—and this is the story of how it all works. A founding member of the famed Judson Dance Theater and a past performer in the Merce Cunningham Dance Company, Deborah Hay is well known for choreographing works using large groups of trained and untrained dancers whose surprising combinations test the limits of the art. Lamb at the Altar is Hay’s account of a four-month seminar on movement and performance held in Austin, Texas, in 1991. There, forty-four trained and untrained dancers became the human laboratory for Hay’s creation of the dance Lamb, lamb, lamb . . . , a work that she later distilled into an evening-length solo piece, Lamb at the Altar. In her book, in part a reflection on her life as a dancer and choreographer, Hay tells how this dance came to be. She includes a movement libretto (a prose dance score) and numerous photographs by Phyllis Liedeker documenting the dance’s four-month emergence.

    In an original style that has marked her teaching and writing, Hay describes her thoughts as the dance progresses, commenting on the process and on the work itself, and ultimately creating a remarkable document on the movements—precise and mysterious, mental and physical—that go into the making of a dance. Having replaced traditional movement technique with a form she calls a performance meditation practice, Hay describes how dance is enlivened, as is each living moment, by the perception of dying and then involves a freeing of this perception from emotional, psychological, clinical, and cultural attitudes into movement. Lamb at the Altar tells the story of this process as specifically practiced in the creation of a single piece.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399742
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Deborah Hay
    1. Deborah Hay
    contrib-author: Deborah Hay
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822399742
    illustrations-note: 40 b&w photographs, 95 diagrams
    isbn-cloth: 9780822314486
    isbn-paper: 9780822314394
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Story of a Dance
  • Land of Necessity
    Author(s): McCrossen, Alexis; Campbell, Howard; Greenberg, Amy S; St. John, Rachel; Serna, Laura Isabel

    Published in cooperation with the William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies, Southern Methodist University.

    In Land of Necessity, historians and anthropologists unravel the interplay of the national and transnational and of scarcity and abundance in the region split by the 1,969-mile boundary line dividing Mexico and the United States. This richly illustrated volume, with more than 100 images including maps, photographs, and advertisements, explores the convergence of broad demographic, economic, political, cultural, and transnational developments resulting in various forms of consumer culture in the borderlands. Though its importance is uncontestable, the role of necessity in consumer culture has rarely been explored. Indeed, it has been argued that where necessity reigns, consumer culture is anemic. This volume demonstrates otherwise. In doing so, it sheds new light on the history of the U.S.-Mexico borderlands, while also opening up similar terrain for scholarly inquiry into consumer culture.

    The volume opens with two chapters that detail the historical trajectories of consumer culture and the borderlands. In the subsequent chapters, contributors take up subjects including smuggling, tourist districts and resorts, purchasing power, and living standards. Others address home décor, housing, urban development, and commercial real estate, while still others consider the circulation of cinematic images, contraband, used cars, and clothing. Several contributors discuss the movement of people across borders, within cities, and in retail spaces. In the two afterwords, scholars reflect on the U.S.-Mexico borderlands as a particular site of trade in labor, land, leisure, and commodities, while also musing about consumer culture as a place of complex political and economic negotiations. Through its focus on the borderlands, this volume provides valuable insight into the historical and contemporary aspects of the big “isms” shaping modern life: capitalism, nationalism, transnationalism, globalism, and, without a doubt, consumerism.

    Contributors. Josef Barton, Peter S. Cahn, Howard Campbell, Lawrence Culver, Amy S. Greenberg, Josiah McC. Heyman, Sarah Hill, Alexis McCrossen, Robert Perez, Laura Isabel Serna, Rachel St. John, Mauricio Tenorio-Trillo, Evan R. Ward

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390787
    Publication Date: 2010-07-01
    author-list-text: Howard Campbell, Amy S Greenberg, Rachel St. John and Laura Isabel Serna
    1. Howard Campbell,
    2. Amy S Greenberg,
    3. Rachel St. John and
    4. Laura Isabel Serna
    contrib-editor: Alexis McCrossen
    contrib-other: Howard Campbell; Amy S Greenberg; Rachel St. John; Laura Isabel Serna
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390787
    illustrations-note: 105 illustrations, 5 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344605
    isbn-paper: 9780822344759
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    Historians and anthropologists unravel the interplay of the national and transnational, and of scarcity and abundance, in the U.S.-Mexico borderlands.

    subtitle: Consumer Culture in the United States–Mexico Borderlands
  • Landscape with Human Figure
    Author(s): Campo, Rafael

    In Landscape with Human Figure, his fourth and most compelling collection of poetry, Rafael Campo confirms his status as one of America’s most important poets. Like his predecessor William Carlos Williams, who was also a physician, Campo plumbs the depths of our capacity for empathy. Campo writes stunning, candid poems from outside the academy, poems that arise with equal beauty from a bleak Boston tenement or a moonlit Spanish plaza, poems that remain unafraid to explore and to celebrate his identity as a doctor and Cuban American gay man. Yet no matter what their unexpected and inspired sources, Campo’s poems insistently remind us of the necessity of poetry itself in our increasingly fractured society; his writing brings us together—just as did the incantations of humankind’s earliest healers—into the warm circle of community and connectedness. In this heart-wrenching, haunting, and ultimately humane work, Rafael Campo has painted as if in blood and breath a gorgeously complex world, in which every one of us can be found.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383413
    Publication Date: 2002-01-02
    author-list-text: Rafael Campo
    1. Rafael Campo
    contrib-author: Rafael Campo
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383413
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328759
    isbn-paper: 9780822328902
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    The latest collection of poetry by Campo.

  • Landscapes of Devils
    Author(s): Gordillo, Gastón R.

    Landscapes of Devils is a rich, historically grounded ethnography of the western Toba, an indigenous people in northern Argentina’s Gran Chaco region. In the early twentieth century, the Toba were defeated by the Argentinean army, incorporated into the seasonal labor force of distant sugar plantations, and proselytized by British Anglicans. Gastón R. Gordillo reveals how the Toba’s memory of these processes is embedded in their experience of “the bush” that dominates the Chaco landscape.

    As Gordillo explains, the bush is the result of social, cultural, and political processes that intertwine this place with other geographies. Labor exploitation, state violence, encroachment by settlers, and the demands of Anglican missionaries all transformed this land. The Toba’s lives have been torn between alienating work in sugar plantations and relative freedom in the bush, between moments of domination and autonomy, abundance and poverty, terror and healing. Part of this contradictory experience is culturally expressed in devils, evil spirits that acquire different features in different places. The devils are sources of death and disease in the plantations, but in the bush they are entities that connect with humans as providers of bush food and healing power. Enacted through memory, the experiences of the Toba have produced a tense and shifting geography. Combining extensive fieldwork conducted over a decade, historical research, and critical theory, Gordillo offers a nuanced analysis of the Toba’s social memory and a powerful argument that geographic places are not only objective entities but also the subjective outcome of historical forces.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386025
    Publication Date: 2004-11-15
    author-list-text: Gastón R. Gordillo
    1. Gastón R. Gordillo
    contrib-author: Gastón R. Gordillo
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822386025
    illustrations-note: 60 b&w photos, 6 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333807
    isbn-paper: 9780822333913
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Examines the inscription of historical forces in the senses of place of the Tobas, an indigenous people of the Argentinean Chaco region whose recent history has been torn between exploitation in sugar plantations and relative autonomy in the bush.

    subtitle: Tensions of Place and Memory in the Argentinean Chaco
  • Landscapes of Power and Identity
    Author(s): Radding, Cynthia

    Landscapes of Power and Identity is a groundbreaking comparative history of two colonies on the frontiers of the Spanish empire—the Sonora region of northwestern Mexico and the Chiquitos region of eastern Bolivia’s lowlands—from the late colonial period through the middle of the nineteenth century. An innovative combination of environmental and cultural history, this book reflects Cynthia Radding’s more than two decades of research on Mexico and Bolivia and her consideration of the relationships between human societies and the geographic landscapes they inhabit and create. At first glance, Sonora and Chiquitos are quite different: one a scrub-covered desert, the other a tropical rainforest of the greater Amazonian and Paraguayan river basins. Yet the regions are similar in many ways. Both were located far from the centers of colonial authority, organized into Jesuit missions and linked to the principal mining centers of New Spain and the Andes, and then absorbed into nation-states in the nineteenth century. In each area, the indigenous communities encountered European governors, missionaries, slave hunters, merchants, miners, and ranchers.

    Radding’s comparative approach illuminates what happened when similar institutions of imperial governance, commerce, and religion were planted in different physical and cultural environments. She draws on archival documents, published reports by missionaries and travelers, and previous histories as well as ecological studies and ethnographies. She also considers cultural artifacts, including archaeological remains, architecture, liturgical music, and religious dances. Radding demonstrates how colonial encounters were conditioned by both the local landscape and cultural expectations; how the colonizers and colonized understood notions of territory and property; how religion formed the cultural practices and historical memories of the Sonoran and Chiquitano peoples; and how the conflict between the indigenous communities and the surrounding creole societies developed in new directions well into the nineteenth century.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387404
    Publication Date: 2005-12-28
    author-list-text: Cynthia Radding
    1. Cynthia Radding
    contrib-author: Cynthia Radding
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387404
    illustrations-note: 28 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336525
    isbn-paper: 9780822336891
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    This comparative frontier history explores the role that natural environments played in shaping the contours of European-indigenous encounters and processes of colonization.

    subtitle: Comparative Histories in the Sonoran Desert and the Forests of Amazonia from Colony to Republic
  • Land’s End
    Author(s): Li, Tania Murray

    Drawing on two decades of ethnographic research in Sulawesi, Indonesia, Tania Murray Li offers an intimate account of the emergence of capitalist relations among indigenous highlanders who privatized their common land to plant a boom crop, cacao. Spurred by the hope of ending their poverty and isolation, some prospered, while others lost their land and struggled to sustain their families. Yet the winners and losers in this transition were not strangers—they were kin and neighbors. Li's richly peopled account takes the reader into the highlanders' world, exploring the dilemmas they faced as sharp inequalities emerged among them.

    The book challenges complacent, modernization narratives promoted by development agencies that assume inefficient farmers who lose out in the shift to high-value export crops can find jobs elsewhere. Decades of uneven and often jobless growth in Indonesia meant that for newly landless highlanders, land's end was a dead end. The book also has implications for social movement activists, who seldom attend to instances where enclosure is initiated by farmers rather than coerced by the state or agribusiness corporations. Li's attention to the historical, cultural, and ecological dimensions of this conjuncture demonstrates the power of the ethnographic method and its relevance to theory and practice today.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376460
    Publication Date: 2014-07-23
    author-list-text: Tania Murray Li
    1. Tania Murray Li
    contrib-author: Tania Murray Li
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376460
    illustrations-note: 14 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356943
    isbn-paper: 9780822357056
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    An intimate account of the emergence of capitalist relations among indigenous highlanders in Indonesia who privatized their common land to plant a boom crop, cacao. Spurred by the hope of ending their poverty and isolation, some prospered, while others lost their land and struggled to sustain their families. Tania Murray Li's richly peopled ethnography takes the reader into the highlanders' world, exploring the dilemmas they faced as sharp inequalities emerged among them.

    subtitle: Capitalist Relations on an Indigenous Frontier
  • Las hijas de Juan
    Author(s): Méndez-Negrete, Josie; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    Las hijas de Juan shatters the silence surrounding experiences of incest within a working-class Mexican American family. Both a feminist memoir and a hopeful meditation on healing, it is Josie Méndez-Negrete’s story of how she and her siblings and mother survived years of violence and sexual abuse at the hands of her father.

    Méndez-Negrete was born in Mexico, in the state of Zacatecas. She recalls a joyous childhood growing up in the midst of Tabasco, a vibrant town filled with extended family. Her father, though, had dreams of acquiring wealth in el norte. He worked sun-up to sun-down in the fields of south Texas. Returning home to Mexico, his pockets full of dollars, he spent evenings drinking and womanizing.

    When Méndez-Negrete was eleven, her father moved the family to the United States, where they eventually settled in California’s Santa Clara Valley. There her father began molesting his daughters, viciously beating them and their mother. Within the impoverished immigrant family, the abuse continued for years, until a family friend brought it to the attention of child welfare authorities. Méndez-Negrete’s father was tried, convicted, and imprisoned.

    Las hijas de Juan is told chronologically, from the time Méndez-Negrete was a child until she was a young adult trying, along with the rest of her family, to come to terms with her father’s brutal legacy. It is a harrowing story of abuse and shame compounded by cultural and linguistic isolation and a system of patriarchy that devalues the experiences of women and girls. At the same time, Las hijas de Juan is an inspiring tale, filled with strong women and hard-won solace found in traditional Mexican cooking, songs, and storytelling.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388395
    Publication Date: 2006-08-16
    author-list-text: Josie Méndez-Negrete, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Josie Méndez-Negrete,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Josie Méndez-Negrete
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388395
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338802
    isbn-paper: 9780822338963
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    Mexican American author Josie Méndez-Negrete's memoir of how she and her siblings and mother survived years of violence and sexual abuse at the hands of her father.

    subtitle: Daughters Betrayed
  • Lasting Legacy to the Carolinas
    Author(s): Durden, Robert F.

    Like the majority of the founders of large philanthropic foundations in the United States, James B. Duke assumed that the Duke Endowment, which he established in 1924, would continue its charitable activity forever. Lasting Legacy to the Carolinas is an examination of the history of this foundation and the ways in which it has—and has not—followed Duke’s original design.

    In this volume, Robert F. Durden explores how the propriety of linking together a tax-free foundation and an investor-owned, profit-seeking business like the Duke Power Company has significantly changed over the course of the century. Explaining the implications of the Tax Reform Act of 1969 for J. B. Duke’s dream, Durden shows how the philanthropist’s plan to have the Duke Endowment virtually own and ultimately control Duke Power (which, in turn, would supply most of the Endowment’s income) dissolved after the death of daughter Doris Duke in 1993, when the trustees of the Endowment finally had the unanimous votes needed to sever that tie. Although the Endowment’s philanthropic projects—higher education (including Duke University), hospitals and health care, orphan and child care in both North and South Carolina, and the rural Methodist church in North Carolina—continue to be served, this study explains the impact of a century of political and social change on one man’s innovative charitable intentions. It is also a testimony to the many staff members and trustees who have invested their own time and creative energies into further benefiting these causes, despite decades of inevitable challenges to the Endowment.

    This third volume of Durden’s trilogy relating to the Dukes of Durham will inform not only those interested in the continuing legacy of this remarkable family but also those involved with philanthropic boards, charitable endowments, medical care, child-care institutions, the rural church, and higher education.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397120
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Robert F. Durden
    1. Robert F. Durden
    contrib-author: Robert F. Durden
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822397120
    illustrations-note: 19 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321514
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Duke Endowment, 1924–1994
  • Latent Destinies
    Author(s): O'Donnell, Patrick; Pease, Donald E.

    Latent Destinies examines the formation of postmodern sensibilities and their relationship to varieties of paranoia that have been seen as widespread in this century. Despite the fact that the Cold War has ended and the threat of nuclear annihilation has been dramatically lessened by most estimates, the paranoia that has characterized the period has not gone away. Indeed, it is as if—as O’Donnell suggests—this paranoia has been internalized, scattered, and reiterated at a multitude of sites: Oklahoma City, Waco, Ruby Ridge, Bosnia, the White House, the United Nations, and numerous other places.

    O’Donnell argues that paranoia on the broadly cultural level is essentially a narrative process in which history and postmodern identity are negotiated simultaneously. The result is an erasure of historical temporality—the past and future become the all-consuming, self-aware present. To explain and exemplify this, O’Donnell looks at such books and films as Libra, JFK, The Crying of Lot 49, The Truman Show, Reservoir Dogs, Empire of the Senseless, Oswald’s Tale, The Executioner’s Song, Underworld, The Killer Inside Me, and Groundhog Day. Organized around the topics of nationalism, gender, criminality, and construction of history, Latent Destinies establishes cultural paranoia as consonant with our contradictory need for multiplicity and certainty, for openness and secrecy, and for mobility and historical stability.

    Demonstrating how imaginative works of novels and films can be used to understand the postmodern historical condition, this book will interest students and scholars of American literature and cultural studies, postmodern theory, and film studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380641
    Publication Date: 2000-10-06
    author-list-text: Patrick O'Donnell and Donald E. Pease
    1. Patrick O'Donnell and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Patrick O'Donnell
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380641
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325581
    isbn-paper: 9780822325871
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists

    Uses a discussion of contemporary films and literary works to present an understanding of paranoia as a defining element in postmodern late-capitalist structure.

    subtitle: Cultural Paranoia and Contemporary U.S. Narrative
  • Latina Activists across Borders
    Author(s): Peña, Milagros

    Over the past twenty-five years, nongovernment organizations (NGOs) run by women and devoted to advancing women’s well-being have proliferated in Mexico and along both sides of the U.S.-Mexico border. In this sociological analysis of grassroots activism, Milagros Peña compares women’s NGOs in two regions—the state of Michoacán in central Mexico and the border region encompassing El Paso, Texas, and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. In both Michoacán and the border region, women have organized to confront a variety of concerns, including domestic violence, the growing number of single women who are heads of households, and exploitive labor conditions. By comparing women’s activism in two distinct areas, Peña illuminates their different motivations, alliances, and organizational strategies in relation to local conditions and national and international activist networks.

    Drawing on interviews with the leaders of more than two dozen women’s NGOs in Michoacán and El Paso/Ciudad Juárez, Peña examines the influence of the Roman Catholic Church and liberation theology on Latina activism, and she describes how activist affiliations increasingly cross ethnic, racial, and class lines. Women’s NGOs in Michoacán put an enormous amount of energy into preparations for the 1995 United Nations–sponsored World Conference on Women in Beijing, and they developed extensive activist networks as a result. As Peña demonstrates, activists in El Paso/Ciudad Juárez were less interested in the Beijing conference; they were intensely focused on issues related to immigration and to the murders and disappearances of scores of women in Ciudad Juárez. Ultimately, Peña’s study highlights the consciousness-raising work done by NGOs run by and for Mexican and Mexican American women: they encourage Latinas to connect their personal lives to the broader political, economic, social, and cultural issues affecting them.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389873
    Publication Date: 2007-03-14
    author-list-text: Milagros Peña
    1. Milagros Peña
    contrib-author: Milagros Peña
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389873
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339366
    isbn-paper: 9780822339519
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Compares women's organizing efforts in Mexico and in the borderlands to assess the way Latina mobilization and activism is influenced by the socio-political context in which the groups of women find themselves.

    subtitle: Women’s Grassroots Organizing in Mexico and Texas
  • Latinamericanism after 9/11
    Author(s): Beverley, John

    In Latinamericanism after 9/11, John Beverley explores Latinamericanist cultural theory in relation to new modes of political mobilization in Latin America. He contends that after 9/11, the hegemony of the United States and the neoliberal assumptions of the so-called Washington Consensus began to fade in Latin America. At the same time, the emergence in Latin America of new leftist governments—the marea rosada or “pink tide”—gathered momentum. Whatever its outcome, the marea rosada has shifted the grounds of Latinamericanist thinking in a significant way. Beverley proposes new paradigms better suited to Latin America’s reconfigured political landscape. In the process, he takes up matters such as Latin American postcolonial and cultural studies, the relation of deconstruction and Latinamericanism, the persistence of the national question and cultural nationalism in Latin America, the neoconservative turn in recent Latin American literary and cultural criticism, and the relation between subalternity and the state. Beverley’s perspective flows out of his involvement with the project of Latin American subaltern studies, but it also defines a position that is in some ways postsubalternist. He takes particular issue with recent calls for a “posthegemonic” politics.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394686
    Publication Date: 2011-08-01
    author-list-text: John Beverley
    1. John Beverley
    contrib-author: John Beverley
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394686
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351009
    isbn-paper: 9780822351146
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-contemporary interventions

    Argues that post-9/11 is a new period for Latin America that portends increasing confrontation with North America and hence requires a new form of Latin Americanism capable of confronting U.S. hegemony and expressing an alternative future for Latin Americ

  • Laura
    Author(s): Estrin, Barbara L.; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric

    How do men imagine women? In the poetry of Petrarch and his English successors—Wyatt, Donne, and Marvell—the male poet persistently imagines pursuing a woman, Laura, whom he pursues even as she continues to deny his affections. Critics have long held that, in objectifying Laura, these male-authored texts deny the imaginative, intellectual, and physical life of the woman they idealize. In Laura, Barbara L. Estrin counters this traditional view by focusing not on the generative powers of the male poet, but on the subjectivity of the imagined woman and the imaginative space of the poems she occupies.

    Through close readings of the Rime sparse and the works of Wyatt, Donne, and Marvell, Estrin uncovers three Lauras: Laura-Daphne, who denies sexuality; Laura-Eve, who returns the poet’s love; and Laura-Mercury, who reinvents her own life. Estrin claims that in these three guises Laura subverts both genre and gender, thereby introducing multiple desires into the many layers of the poems. Drawing upon genre and gender theories advanced by Jean-François Lyotard and Judith Butler to situate female desire in the poem’s framework, Estrin shows how genre and gender in the Petrarchan tradition work together to undermine the stability of these very concepts.

    Estrin’s Laura constitutes a fundamental reconceptualization of the Petrarchan tradition and contributes greatly to the postmodern reassessment of the Renaissance period. In its descriptions of how early modern poets formulate questions about sexuality, society and poetry, Laura will appeal to scholars of the English and Italian Renaissance, of gender studies, and of literary criticism and theory generally.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382256
    Publication Date: 1994-12-20
    author-list-text: Barbara L. Estrin, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    1. Barbara L. Estrin,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Barbara L. Estrin
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822382256
    illustrations-note: 3 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315001
    isbn-paper: 9780822314998
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    subtitle: Uncovering Gender and Genre in Wyatt, Donne and Marvell
  • Law as Politics
    Author(s): Dyzenhaus, David

    While antiliberal legal theorist Carl Schmitt has long been considered by Europeans to be one of this century’s most significant political philosophers, recent challenges to the fundamental values of liberal democracies have made Schmitt’s writings an unavoidable subject of debate in North America as well. In an effort to advance our understanding not only of Schmitt but of current problems of liberal democracy, David Dyzenhaus presents translations of classic German essays on Schmitt alongside more recent writings by distinguished political theorists and jurists. Neither a defense of nor an attack on Schmitt, Law as Politics offers the first balanced response to his powerful critique of liberalism.

    One of the major players in the 1920s debates, an outspoken critic of the Versailles Treaty and the Weimar Constitution, and a member of the Nazi party who provided juridical respectability to Hitler’s policies, Schmitt contended that people are a polity only to the extent that they share common enemies. He saw the liberal notion of a peaceful world of universal citizens as a sheer impossibility and attributed the problems of Weimar to liberalism and its inability to cope with pluralism and political conflict. In the decade since his death, Schmitt’s writings have been taken up by both the right and the left and scholars differ greatly in their evaluation of Schmitt’s ideas. Law as Politics thematically organizes in one volume the varying engagements and confrontations with Schmitt’s work and allows scholars to acknowledge—and therefore be in a better position to negotiate—an important paradox inscribed in the very nature of liberal democracy.

    Law as Politics will interest political philosophers, legal theorists, historians, and anyone interested in Schmitt’s relevance to current discussions of liberalism.

    Contributors. Heiner Bielefeldt, Ronald Beiner, Ernst-Wolfgang Bockenforde, Renato Cristi, David Dyzenhaus, Robert Howse, Ellen Kennedy, Dominique Leydet, Ingeborg Maus, John P. McCormick, Reinhard Mehring, Chantal Mouffe, William E. Scheuerman, Jeffrey Seitzer

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377849
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    contrib-editor: David Dyzenhaus
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822377849
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322276
    isbn-paper: 9780822322443
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Liberalism
  • Laws of Chance
    Author(s): Chazkel, Amy

    The lottery called the jogo do bicho, or “animal game,” originated as a raffle at a zoo in Rio de Janeiro in 1892. During the next decade, it became a cultural phenomenon all over Brazil, where it remains popular today. Laws of Chance chronicles the game’s early history, as booking agents, dealers, and players spread throughout Rio and the lottery was outlawed and driven underground. Analyzing the game’s popularity, its persistence despite bouts of state repression, and its sociocultural meanings, Amy Chazkel unearths a rich history of popular participation in urban public life in the decades after the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the establishment of the Brazilian republic in 1889. Contending that the jogo do bicho was a precursor to the massive informal economies that developed later in the twentieth century, she sheds new light on the roots of the informal trade that is central to daily life in urban Latin America. The jogo do bicho operated as a form of unlicensed petty commerce in the vast gray area between the legal and the illegal. Police records show that players and ticket sellers were often arrested but rarely prosecuted. Chazkel argues that the animal game developed in dialogue with the official judicial system. Ticket sellers, corrupt police, and lenient judges worked out a system of everyday justice that would characterize public life in Brazil throughout the twentieth century.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394020
    Publication Date: 2011-06-07
    contrib-author: Amy Chazkel
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394020
    illustrations-note: 30 photos, 11 tables, 3 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349730
    isbn-paper: 9780822349884
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical Perspectives

    Chronicles the first decades of an informal lottery called the jogo do bicho, or animal game, which originated in Rio de Janeiro in 1892, and remains popular in Brazil today.

    subtitle: Brazil’s Clandestine Lottery and the Making of Urban Public Life
  • Learning Places
    Author(s): Miyoshi, Masao; Harootunian, Harry; Chow, Rey

    Under globalization, the project of area studies and its relationship to the fields of cultural, ethnic, and gender studies has grown more complex and more in need of the rigorous reexamination that this volume and its distinguished contributors undertake. In the aftermath of World War II, area studies were created in large part to supply information on potential enemies of the United States. The essays in Learning Places argue, however, that the post–Cold War era has seen these programs largely degenerate into little more than public relations firms for the areas they research.

    A tremendous amount of money flows—particularly within the sphere of East Asian studies, the contributors claim—from foreign agencies and governments to U.S. universities to underwrite courses on their histories and societies. In the process, this volume argues, such funds have gone beyond support to the wholesale subsidization of students in graduate programs, threatening the very integrity of research agendas. Native authority has been elevated to a position of primacy; Asian-born academics are presumed to be definitive commentators in Asian studies, for example. Area studies, the contributors believe, has outlived the original reason for its construction. The essays in this volume examine particular topics such as the development of cultural studies and hyphenated studies (such as African-American, Asian-American, Mexican-American) in the context of the failure of area studies, the corporatization of the contemporary university, the prehistory of postcolonial discourse, and the problematic impact of unformulated political goals on international activism.

    Learning Places points to the necessity, the difficulty, and the possibility in higher education of breaking free from an entrenched Cold War narrative and making the study of a specific area part of the agenda of education generally. The book will appeal to all whose research has a local component, as well as to those interested in the future course of higher education generally.

    Contributors. Paul A. Bové, Rey Chow, Bruce Cummings, James A. Fujii, Harry Harootunian, Masao Miyoshi, Tetsuo Najita, Richard H. Okada, Benita Parry, Moss Roberts, Bernard S. Silberman, Stefan Tanaka, Rob Wilson, Sylvia Yanagisako, Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383598
    Publication Date: 2002-10-25
    author-list-text: Rey Chow
    1. Rey Chow
    contrib-editor: Masao Miyoshi; Harry Harootunian
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383598
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328261
    isbn-paper: 9780822328407
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society

    Examines the institutions and productions of area studies and explores what it takes to "learn a place."

    subtitle: The Afterlives of Area Studies
  • Leaving Art
    Author(s): Lacy, Suzanne; Roth, Moira; May, Kerstin

    Since the 1970s, the performance and conceptual artist Suzanne Lacy has explored women’s lives and experiences, as well as race, ethnicity, aging, economic disparities, and violence, through her pioneering community-based art. Combining aesthetics and politics, and often collaborating with other artists and community organizations, she has staged large-scale public art projects, sometimes involving hundreds of participants. Lacy has consistently written about her work: planning, describing, and analyzing it; advocating socially engaged art practices; theorizing the relationship between art and social intervention; and questioning the boundaries separating high art from popular participation. By bringing together thirty texts that Lacy has written since 1974, Leaving Art offers an intimate look at the development of feminist, conceptual, and performance art since those movements’ formative years. In the introduction, the art historian Moira Roth provides a helpful overview of Lacy’s art and writing, which in the afterword the cultural theorist Kerstin Mey situates in relation to contemporary public art practices.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391227
    Publication Date: 2010-08-03
    author-list-text: Suzanne Lacy, Moira Roth and Kerstin May
    1. Suzanne Lacy,
    2. Moira Roth and
    3. Kerstin May
    contrib-author: Suzanne Lacy
    contrib-other: Moira Roth; Kerstin May
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391227
    illustrations-note: 74 illustrations, 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345527
    isbn-paper: 9780822345695
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A collection of thirty texts written by the internationally renowned conceptual and performance artist Suzanne Lacy between 1974 and 2007.

    subtitle: Writings on Performance, Politics, and Publics, 1974–2007
  • Left Legalism/Left Critique
    Author(s): Halley, Janet; Brown, Wendy; Ford, Richard Thompson; Berlant, Lauren; Kelman, Mark; Lester, Gillian

    In recent decades, left political projects in the United States have taken a strong legalistic turn. From affirmative action to protection against sexual harassment, from indigenous peoples’ rights to gay marriage, the struggle to eliminate subordination or exclusion and to achieve substantive equality has been waged through courts and legislation. At the same time, critiques of legalism have generally come to be regarded by liberal and left reformers as politically irrelevant at best, politically disunifying and disorienting at worst. This conjunction of a turn toward left legalism with a turn away from critique has hardened an intellectually defensive, brittle, and unreflective left sensibility at a moment when precisely the opposite is needed. Certainly, the left can engage strategically with the law, but if it does not also track the effects of this engagement—effects that often exceed or even redound againstits explicit aims—it will unwittingly foster political institutions and doctrines strikingly at odds with its own values.

    Brown and Halley have assembled essays from diverse contributors—law professors, philosophers, political theorists, and literary critics—united chiefly by their willingness to think critically from the left about left legal projects. The essays themselves vary by topic, by theoretical approach, and by conclusion. While some contributors attempt to rework particular left legal projects, others insist upon abandoning or replacing those projects. Still others leave open the question of what is to be done as they devote their critical attention to understanding what we are doing. Above all, Left Legalism/Left Critique is a rare contemporary argument and model for the intellectually exhilarating and politically enriching dimensions of left critique—dimensions that persist even, and perhaps especially, when critique is unsure of the intellectual and political possibilities it may produce.

    Contributors: Lauren Berlant, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, Drucilla Cornell, Richard T. Ford, Katherine M. Franke, Janet Halley, Mark Kelman, David Kennedy, Duncan Kennedy, Gillian Lester, Michael Warner

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383871
    Publication Date: 2002-11-01
    author-list-text: Richard Thompson Ford, Lauren Berlant, Mark Kelman and Gillian Lester
    1. Richard Thompson Ford,
    2. Lauren Berlant,
    3. Mark Kelman and
    4. Gillian Lester
    contrib-editor: Janet Halley; Wendy Brown
    contrib-other: Richard Thompson Ford; Lauren Berlant; Mark Kelman; Gillian Lester
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383871
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329756
    isbn-paper: 9780822329688
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A reader aimed at revitalizing left legal and political critique.

  • Left of Karl Marx
    Author(s): Davies, Carole Boyce

    In Left of Karl Marx, Carole Boyce Davies assesses the activism, writing, and legacy of Claudia Jones (1915–1964), a pioneering Afro-Caribbean radical intellectual, dedicated communist, and feminist. Jones is buried in London’s Highgate Cemetery, to the left of Karl Marx—a location that Boyce Davies finds fitting given how Jones expanded Marxism-Leninism to incorporate gender and race in her political critique and activism.

    Claudia Cumberbatch Jones was born in Trinidad. In 1924, she moved to New York, where she lived for the next thirty years. She was active in the Communist Party from her early twenties onward. A talented writer and speaker, she traveled throughout the United States lecturing and organizing. In the early 1950s, she wrote a well-known column, “Half the World,” for the Daily Worker. As the U.S. government intensified its efforts to prosecute communists, Jones was arrested several times. She served nearly a year in a U.S. prison before being deported and given asylum by Great Britain in 1955. There she founded The West Indian Gazette and Afro-Asian Caribbean News and the Caribbean Carnival, an annual London festival that continues today as the Notting Hill Carnival. Boyce Davies examines Jones’s thought and journalism, her political and community organizing, and poetry that the activist wrote while she was imprisoned. Looking at the contents of the FBI file on Jones, Boyce Davies contrasts Jones’s own narration of her life with the federal government’s. Left of Karl Marx establishes Jones as a significant figure within Caribbean intellectual traditions, black U.S. feminism, and the history of communism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390329
    Publication Date: 2008-01-15
    author-list-text: Carole Boyce Davies
    1. Carole Boyce Davies
    contrib-author: Carole Boyce Davies
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390329
    illustrations-note: 31 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340966
    isbn-paper: 9780822341161
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Assesses the activism, writing, and legacy of Claudia Jones (1915–1964), a pioneering Afro-Caribbean radical intellectual active in the U.S. and U.K.

    subtitle: The Political Life of Black Communist Claudia Jones
  • Legal Fictions
    Author(s): Holloway, Karla FC

    In Legal Fictions, Karla FC Holloway both argues that U.S. racial identity is the creation of U.S. law and demonstrates how black authors of literary fiction have engaged with the law's constructions of race since the era of slavery. Exploring the resonance between U.S. literature and U.S. jurisprudence, Holloway reveals Toni Morrison's Beloved and Charles Johnson's Middle Passage as stories about personhood and property, David Bradley's The Chaneysville Incident and Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man as structured by evidence law, and Nella Larsen's Passing as intimately related to contract law. Holloway engages the intentional, contradictory, and capricious constructions of race embedded in the law with the same energy that she brings to her masterful interpretations of fiction by U.S. writers. Her readings shed new light on the many ways that black U.S. authors have reframed fundamental questions about racial identity, personhood, and the law from the nineteenth into the twenty-first centuries. Legal Fictions is a bold declaration that the black body is thoroughly bound by law and an unflinching look at the implications of that claim.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377054
    Publication Date: 2013-12-16
    author-list-text: Karla FC Holloway
    1. Karla FC Holloway
    contrib-author: Karla FC Holloway
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822377054
    illustrations-note: 3 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355816
    isbn-paper: 9780822355953
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Legal Fictions is a bold declaration that, in the U.S., the black body is thoroughly bound by law. It is an unflinchingly look at the implications of that claim and a virtuoso survey of the ways that black authors of literary fiction have engaged with the law's constructions of race since the era of slavery.

    subtitle: Constituting Race, Composing Literature
  • Legality and Legitimacy
    Author(s): Schmitt, Carl; Seitzer, Jeffrey; McCormick, John P.

    Carl Schmitt ranks among the most original and controversial political thinkers of the twentieth century. His incisive criticisms of Enlightenment political thought and liberal political practice remain as shocking and significant today as when they first appeared in Weimar Germany. Unavailable in English until now, Legality and Legitimacy was composed in 1932, in the midst of the crisis that would lead to the collapse of the Weimar Republic and only a matter of months before Schmitt’s collaboration with the Nazis. In this important work, Schmitt questions the political viability of liberal constitutionalism, parliamentary government, and the rule of law. Liberal governments, he argues, cannot respond effectively to challenges by radical groups like the Nazis or Communists. Only a presidential regime subject to few, if any, practical limitations can ensure domestic security in a highly pluralistic society.

    Legality and Legitimacy is sure to provide a compelling reference point in contemporary debates over the challenges facing constitutional democracies today. In addition to Jeffrey Seitzer’s translation of the 1932 text itself, this volume contains his translation of Schmitt’s 1958 commentary on the work, extensive explanatory notes, and an appendix including selected articles of the Weimar constitution. John P. McCormick’s introduction places Legality and Legitimacy in its historical context, clarifies some of the intricacies of the argument, and ultimately contests Schmitt’s claims regarding the inherent weakness of parliamentarism, constitutionalism, and the rule of law.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385769
    Publication Date: 2004-02-05
    author-list-text: Carl Schmitt, Jeffrey Seitzer and John P. McCormick
    1. Carl Schmitt,
    2. Jeffrey Seitzer and
    3. John P. McCormick
    contrib-author: Carl Schmitt
    contrib-other: John P. McCormick
    contrib-translator: Jeffrey Seitzer
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385769
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331612
    isbn-paper: 9780822331742
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    First English-language translation of one of Schmitt’s major works, providing a missing link in the oeuvre of this influential and controversial political theorist.

  • Legions of Boom
    Author(s): Wang, Oliver

    Armed with speakers, turntables, light systems, and records, Filipino American mobile DJ crews, such as Ultimate Creations, Spintronix, and Images, Inc., rocked dance floors throughout the San Francisco Bay Area from the late 1970s through the mid-1990s. In Legions of Boom noted music and pop culture writer and scholar Oliver Wang chronicles this remarkable scene that eventually became the cradle for turntablism. These crews, which were instrumental in helping to create and unify the Bay Area's Filipino American community, gave young men opportunities to assert their masculinity and gain social status. While crews regularly spun records for school dances, weddings, birthdays, or garage parties, the scene's centerpieces were showcases—or multi-crew performances—which drew crowds of hundreds, or even thousands. By the mid-1990s the scene was in decline, as single DJs became popular, recruitment to crews fell off, and aspiring scratch DJs branched off into their own scene. As the training ground for a generation of DJs, including DJ Q-Bert, Shortkut, and Mix Master Mike, the mobile scene left an indelible mark on its community that eventually grew to have a global impact.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375487
    Publication Date: 2015-03-23
    author-list-text: Oliver Wang
    1. Oliver Wang
    contrib-author: Oliver Wang
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375487
    illustrations-note: 24 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359043
    isbn-paper: 9780822358909
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring American Music

    Oliver Wang chronicles the history of the San Francisco Bay Area Filipino American mobile DJ scene of the late 1970s through the mid-1990s. He shows how DJ crews helped unify the Bay Area's Filipino American community, gave its members social status and brotherhood, and drew huge crowds.

    subtitle: Filipino American Mobile DJ Crews in the San Francisco Bay Area
  • Lenin Reloaded
    Author(s): Budgen, Sebastian; Kouvelakis, Stathis; Žižek, Slavoj; Fernbach, David

    Lenin Reloaded is a rallying call by some of the world’s leading Marxist intellectuals for renewed attention to the significance of Vladimir Lenin. The volume’s editors explain that it was Lenin who made Karl Marx’s thought explicitly political, who extended it beyond the confines of Europe, who put it into practice. They contend that a focus on Lenin is urgently needed now, when global capitalism appears to be the only game in town, the liberal-democratic system seems to have been settled on as the optimal political organization of society, and it has become easier to imagine the end of the world than a modest change in the mode of production. Lenin retooled Marx’s thought for specific historical conditions in 1914, and Lenin Reloaded urges a reinvention of the revolutionary project for the present. Such a project would be Leninist in its commitment to action based on truth and its acceptance of the consequences that follow from action.

    These essays, some of which are appearing in English for the first time, bring Lenin face-to-face with the problems of today, including war, imperialism, the imperative to build an intelligentsia of wage earners, the need to embrace the achievements of bourgeois society and modernity, and the widespread failure of social democracy. Lenin Reloaded demonstrates that truth and partisanship are not mutually exclusive as is often suggested. Quite the opposite—in the present, truth can be articulated only from a thoroughly partisan position.

    Contributors. Kevin B. Anderson, Alain Badiou, Etienne Balibar, Daniel Bensaïd, Sebastian Budgen, Alex Callinicos, Terry Eagleton, Fredric Jameson, Stathis Kouvelakis, Georges Labica, Sylvain Lazarus, Jean-Jacques Lecercle, Lars T. Lih, Domenico Losurdo, Savas Michael-Matsas, Antonio Negri, Alan Shandro, Slavoj Žižek

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389552
    Publication Date: 2007-05-21
    author-list-text: David Fernbach
    1. David Fernbach
    contrib-editor: Sebastian Budgen; Stathis Kouvelakis; Slavoj Žižek
    contrib-translator: David Fernbach
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389552
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339298
    isbn-paper: 9780822339410
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: [sic] Series

    At a time when few people seriously consider alternatives to global capitalism, this work argues that Lenin demonstrates the inseparability of truth and partisanship (the taking of sides), an argument liberal leftists must hear now.

    subtitle: Toward a Politics of Truth, sic vii
  • Lesbian Rule
    Author(s): Villarejo, Amy; Grewal, Inderpal; Kaplan, Caren; Wiegman, Robyn

    With hair slicked back and shirt collar framing her young patrician face, Katherine Hepburn's image in the 1935 film Sylvia Scarlett was seen by many as a lesbian representation. Yet, Amy Villarejo argues, there is no final ground upon which to explain why that image of Hepburn signifies lesbian or why such a cross-dressing Hollywood fantasy edges into collective consciousness as a lesbian narrative. Investigating what allows viewers to perceive an image or narrative as "lesbian," Villarejo presents a theoretical exploration of lesbian visibility. Focusing on images of lesbians in film, she analyzes what these representations contain and their limits. She combines Marxist theories of value with poststructuralist insights to argue that lesbian visibility operates simultaneously as an achievement and a ruse, a possibility for building a new visual politics and away of rendering static and contained what lesbian might mean.

    Integrating cinema studies, queer and feminist theory, and cultural studies, Villarejo illuminates the contexts within which the lesbian is rendered visible. Toward that end, she analyzes key portrayals of lesbians in public culture, particularly in documentary film. She considers a range of films—from documentaries about Cuba and lesbian pulp fiction to Exile Shanghai and The Brandon Teena Story—and, in doing so, brings to light a nuanced economy of value and desire.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385356
    Publication Date: 2003-10-15
    author-list-text: Amy Villarejo, Inderpal Grewal, Caren Kaplan and Robyn Wiegman
    1. Amy Villarejo,
    2. Inderpal Grewal,
    3. Caren Kaplan and
    4. Robyn Wiegman
    contrib-author: Amy Villarejo
    contrib-series-editor: Inderpal Grewal; Caren Kaplan; Robyn Wiegman
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385356
    illustrations-note: 20 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331551
    isbn-paper: 9780822331926
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Next Wave: New Directions in Women's Studies

    A theory-driven study of the invisibility of lesbians in post-WW2 American culture.

    subtitle: Cultural Criticism and the Value of Desire
  • Lessons of Romanticism
    Author(s): Pfau, Thomas; Gleckner, Robert F.

    Moving beyond views of European Romanticism as an essentially poetic development, Lessons of Romanticism strives to strengthen a critical awareness of the genres, historical institutions, and material practices that comprised the culture of the period. This anthology—in recasting Romanticism in its broader cultural context—ranges across literary studies, art history, musicology, and political science and combines a variety of critical approaches, including gender studies, Lacanian analysis, and postcolonial studies.

    With over twenty essays on such diverse topics as the aesthetic and pedagogical purposes of art exhibits in London, the materiality of late Romantic salon culture, the extracanonical status of Jane Austen and Fanny Burney, and Romantic imagery in Beethoven’s music and letters, Lessons of Romanticism reveals the practices that were at the heart of European Romantic life. Focusing on the six decades from 1780 to 1832, this collection is arranged thematically around gender and genre, literacy, marginalization, canonmaking, and nationalist ideology. As Americanists join with specialists in German culture, as Austen is explored beside Beethoven, and as discussions on newly recovered women’s writings follow fresh discoveries in long-canonized texts, these interdisciplinary essays not only reflect the broad reach of contemporary scholarship but also point to the long-neglected intertextual and intercultural dynamics in the various and changing faces of Romanticism itself.

    Contributors. Steven Bruhm, Miranda J. Burgess, Joel Faflak, David S. Ferris, William Galperin, Regina Hewitt, Jill Heydt-Stevenson, H. J. Jackson, Theresa M. Kelley, Greg Kucich, C. S. Matheson, Adela Pinch, Marc Redfield, Nancy L. Rosenblum, Marlon B. Ross, Maynard Solomon, Richard G. Swartz, Nanora Sweet, Joseph Viscomi, Karen A. Weisman, Susan I. Wolfson

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399100
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    contrib-editor: Thomas Pfau; Robert F. Gleckner
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822399100
    illustrations-note: 19 figures, 7 musical examples
    isbn-cloth: 9780822320777
    isbn-paper: 9780822320913
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: A Critical Companion
  • Leviathans at the Gold Mine
    Author(s): Golub, Alex

    Leviathans at the Gold Mine is an ethnographic account of the relationship between the Ipili, an indigenous group in Papua New Guinea, and the large international gold mine operating on their land. It was not until 1939 that Australian territorial patrols reached the Ipili. By 1990, the third largest gold mine on the planet was operating in their valley. Alex Golub examines how "the mine" and "the Ipili" were brought into being in relation to one another, and how certain individuals were authorized to speak for the mine and others to speak for the Ipili. Considering the relative success of the Ipili in their negotiations with a multinational corporation, Golub argues that a unique conjuncture of personal relationships and political circumstances created a propitious moment during which the dynamic and fluid nature of Ipili culture could be used to full advantage. As that moment faded away, social problems in the valley increased. The Ipili now struggle with the extreme social dislocation brought about by the massive influx of migrants and money into their valley.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377399
    Publication Date: 2014-02-03
    author-list-text: Alex Golub
    1. Alex Golub
    contrib-author: Alex Golub
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822377399
    illustrations-note: 8 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354949
    isbn-paper: 9780822355083
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Leviathans at the Gold Mine is an ethnography about the Ipili, an indigenous group in Papua New Guinea; an enormous gold mine operated by an international conglomerate on Ipili land; and the process through which "the Ipili" and "the mine" brought each other into being as entities.

    subtitle: Creating Indigenous and Corporate Actors in Papua New Guinea
  • Liberalism without Democracy
    Author(s): Maghraoui, Abdeslam M.; Adams, Julia; Steinmetz, George

    The history of Western intervention in the Middle East stretches from the late eighteenth century to the present day. All too often, the Western rationale for invading and occupying a country to liberate its people has produced new forms of domination that have hindered rather than encouraged the emergence of democratic politics. Abdeslam M. Maghraoui advances the understanding of this problematic dynamic through an analysis of efforts to achieve liberal reform in Egypt following its independence from Great Britain in 1922.

    In the 1920s and 1930s, Egypt’s reformers equated liberal notions of nationhood and citizenship with European civilization and culture. As Maghraoui demonstrates, in their efforts to achieve liberalization, they sought to align Egypt with the West and to dissociate it from the Arab and Islamic worlds. Egypt’s professionals and leading cultural figures attempted to replace the fez with European-style hats; they discouraged literary critics from studying Arabic poetry, claiming it was alien to Egyptian culture. Why did they feel compelled to degrade local cultures in order to accommodate liberal principles?

    Drawing on the thought of Lacan, Fanon, Said, and Bhabha, as well as contemporary political theory, Maghraoui points to liberalism’s inherent contradiction: its simultaneous commitments to individual liberty and colonial conquest. He argues that when Egypt’s reformers embraced the language of liberalism as their own, they adopted social prejudices built into that language. Efforts to achieve liberalization played out—and failed—within the realm of culture, not just within the political arena. Opinions voiced through literary works, cartoons, newspaper articles on controversial social issues, and other forms of cultural expression were ultimately more important to the fate of liberalism in Egypt than were questions of formal political participation and representation. Liberalism without Democracy demonstrates the powerful—and under appreciated—role of language and culture in defining citizenship and political community.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388388
    Publication Date: 2006-11-13
    author-list-text: Abdeslam M. Maghraoui, Julia Adams and George Steinmetz
    1. Abdeslam M. Maghraoui,
    2. Julia Adams and
    3. George Steinmetz
    contrib-author: Abdeslam M. Maghraoui
    contrib-series-editor: Julia Adams; George Steinmetz
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388388
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338000
    isbn-paper: 9780822338383
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Politics, History, and Culture

    This analysis of the failure of efforts to achieve liberal reform in Egypt following its independence from Great Britain in 1922 has implications for modern-day nation-building efforts in the Mideast.

    subtitle: Nationhood and Citizenship in Egypt, 1922–1936
  • Liberalization’s Children
    Author(s): Lukose, Ritty A.

    Liberalization’s Children explores how youth and gender have become crucial sites for a contested cultural politics of globalization in India. Popular discourses draw a contrast between “midnight’s children,” who were rooted in post-independence Nehruvian developmentalism, and “liberalization’s children,” who are global in outlook and unapologetically consumerist. Moral panics about beauty pageants and the celebration of St. Valentine’s Day reflect ambivalence about the impact of an expanding commodity culture, especially on young women. By simply highlighting the triumph of consumerism, such discourses obscure more than they reveal. Through a careful analysis of “consumer citizenship,” Ritty A. Lukose argues that the breakdown of the Nehruvian vision connects with ongoing struggles over the meanings of public life and the cultural politics of belonging. Those struggles play out in the ascendancy of Hindu nationalism; reconfigurations of youthful, middle-class femininity; attempts by the middle class to alter understandings of citizenship; and assertions of new forms of masculinity by members of lower castes.

    Moving beyond elite figurations of globalizing Indian youth, Lukose draws on ethnographic research to examine how non-elite college students in the southern state of Kerala mediate region, nation, and globe. Kerala sits at the crossroads of development and globalization. Held up as a model of left-inspired development, it has also been transformed through an extensive and largely non-elite transnational circulation of labor, money, and commodities to the Persian Gulf and elsewhere. Focusing on fashion, romance, student politics, and education, Lukose carefully tracks how gender, caste, and class, as well as colonial and postcolonial legacies of culture and power, affect how students navigate their roles as citizens and consumers. She explores how mass-mediation and an expanding commodity culture have differentially incorporated young people into the structures and aspirational logics of globalization.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391241
    Publication Date: 2009-10-23
    author-list-text: Ritty A. Lukose
    1. Ritty A. Lukose
    contrib-author: Ritty A. Lukose
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391241
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345503
    isbn-paper: 9780822345671
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    Ethnography of student life at a university in the South Indian state of Kerala that focuses on the relationship between youth consumer practices and notions of gender, cultural citizenship, and globalization.

    subtitle: Gender, Youth, and Consumer Citizenship in Globalizing India
  • Liberated Territory
    Author(s): Williams, Yohuru; Lazerow, Jama

    With their collection In Search of the Black Panther Party, Yohuru Williams and Jama Lazerow provided a broad analysis of the Black Panther Party and its legacy. In Liberated Territory, they turn their attention to local manifestations of the organization, far away from the party’s Oakland headquarters. This collection’s contributors, all historians, examine how specific party chapters and offshoots emerged, developed, and waned, as well as how the local branches related to their communities and to the national party.

    The histories and character of the party branches vary as widely as their locations. The Cape Verdeans of New Bedford, Massachusetts, were initially viewed as a particular challenge for the local Panthers but later became the mainstay of the Boston-area party. In the early 1970s, the Winston-Salem, North Carolina, chapter excelled at implementing the national Black Panther Party’s strategic shift from revolutionary confrontation to mainstream electoral politics. In Detroit, the Panthers were defined by a complex relationship between their above-ground activities and an underground wing dedicated to armed struggle. While the Milwaukee chapter was born out of a rising tide of black militancy, it ultimately proved more committed to promoting literacy and health care and redressing hunger than to violence. The Alabama Black Liberation Front did not have the official imprimatur of the national party, but it drew heavily on the Panthers’ ideas and organizing strategies, and its activism demonstrates the broad resonance of many of the concerns articulated by the national party: the need for jobs, for decent food and housing, for black self-determination, and for sustained opposition to police brutality against black people. Liberated Territory reveals how the Black Panther Party’s ideologies, goals, and strategies were taken up and adapted throughout the United States.

    Contributors: Devin Fergus, Jama Lazerow, Ahmad A. Rahman, Robert W. Widell Jr., Yohuru Williams

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389422
    Publication Date: 2008-12-22
    contrib-editor: Yohuru Williams; Jama Lazerow
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389422
    illustrations-note: 1 photograph
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343431
    isbn-paper: 9780822343264
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    Essays on the Panther Party's local chapters, as well as essays reconsidering the state of the field in 1960s-, Civil Rights-, black nationalist- and popular history in light of these varied accounts of BPP chapters.

    subtitle: Untold Local Perspectives on the Black Panther Party
  • Life and Death on the New York Dance Floor, 1980-1983
    Author(s): Lawrence, Tim

    As the 1970s gave way to the 80s, New York's party scene entered a ferociously inventive period characterized by its creativity, intensity, and hybridity. Life and Death on the New York Dance Floor chronicles this tumultuous time, charting the sonic and social eruptions that took place in the city’s subterranean party venues as well as the way they cultivated breakthrough movements in art, performance, video, and film. Interviewing DJs, party hosts, producers, musicians, artists, and dancers, Tim Lawrence illustrates how the relatively discrete post-disco, post-punk, and hip hop scenes became marked by their level of plurality, interaction, and convergence. He also explains how the shifting urban landscape of New York supported the cultural renaissance before gentrification, Reaganomics, corporate intrusion, and the spread of AIDS brought this gritty and protean time and place in American culture to a troubled denouement.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373926
    Publication Date: 2016-09-09
    author-list-text: Tim Lawrence
    1. Tim Lawrence
    contrib-author: Tim Lawrence
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373926
    illustrations-note: 115 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361862
    isbn-paper: 9780822362029
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In Life and Death on the New York Dance Floor Tim Lawrence examines the city's party, dance, music, and art culture between 1980 and 1983, tracing the rise, apex, and fall of this inventive, vibrant, and tumultuous scene.

  • Life and Times of Cultural Studies
    Author(s): Lee, Richard E.; Mudimbe, V. Y.; Jewsiewicki, Bogumil

    Moving world-systems analysis into the cultural realm, Richard E. Lee locates the cultural studies movement within a broad historical and geopolitical framework. He illuminates how order and conflict have been reflected and negotiated in the sphere of knowledge production by situating the emergence of cultural studies at the intersection of post–1945 international and British politics and a two-hundred-year history of conservative critical practice. Tracing British criticism from the period of the French Revolution through the 1960s, he describes how cultural studies in its infancy recombined the elite literary critical tradition with the First New Left’s concerns for history and popular culture—just as the liberal consensus began to come apart.

    Lee tracks the intellectual project of cultural studies as it developed over three decades, beginning with its institutional foundation at the University of Birmingham’s Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS). He links work at the CCCS to the events of 1968 and explores cultural studies’ engagement with theory in the debates on structuralism. He considers the shift within the discipline away from issues of working-class culture toward questions of identity politics in the fields of race and gender. He follows the expansion of the cultural studies project from Britain to Australia, Canada, South Africa, and the United States. Contextualizing the development and spread of cultural studies within the longue durée structures of knowledge in the modern world-system, Lee assesses its past and future as an agent of political and social change.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385127
    Publication Date: 2003-12-17
    author-list-text: Richard E. Lee, V. Y. Mudimbe and Bogumil Jewsiewicki
    1. Richard E. Lee,
    2. V. Y. Mudimbe and
    3. Bogumil Jewsiewicki
    contrib-author: Richard E. Lee
    contrib-series-editor: V. Y. Mudimbe; Bogumil Jewsiewicki
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385127
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331605
    isbn-paper: 9780822331735
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Philosophy and Postcoloniality

    A comprehensive social history of the cultural studies movement, with a strong political focus.

    subtitle: The Politics and Transformation of the Structures of Knowledge
  • Life between Two Deaths, 1989�2001
    Author(s): Wegner, Philip E.; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric

    Through virtuoso readings of significant works of American film, television, and fiction, Phillip E. Wegner demonstrates that the period between the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 fostered a unique consciousness and represented a moment of immense historical possibilities now at risk of being forgotten in the midst of the “war on terror.” Wegner argues that 9/11 should be understood as a form of what Jacques Lacan called the “second death,” an event that repeats an earlier “fall,” in this instance the collapse of the Berlin Wall. By describing 9/11 as a repetition, Wegner does not deny its significance. Rather, he argues that it was only with the fall of the towers that the symbolic universe of the Cold War was finally destroyed and a true “new world order,” in which the United States assumed disturbing new powers, was put into place.

    Wegner shows how phenomena including the debate on globalization, neoliberal notions of the end of history, the explosive growth of the Internet, the efflorescence of new architectural and urban planning projects, developments in literary and cultural production, new turns in theory and philosophy, and the rapid growth of the antiglobalization movement came to characterize the long nineties. He offers readings of some of the most interesting cultural texts of the era: Don DeLillo’s White Noise; Joe Haldeman’s Forever trilogy; Octavia Butler’s Parable novels; the Terminator films; the movies Fight Club, Independence Day, Cape Fear, and Ghost Dog; and the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. In so doing, he illuminates fundamental issues concerning narrative, such as how beginnings and endings are recognized and how relationships between events are constructed.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390763
    Publication Date: 2009-06-19
    author-list-text: Philip E. Wegner, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    1. Philip E. Wegner,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Philip E. Wegner
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390763
    illustrations-note: 18 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344582
    isbn-paper: 9780822344735
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions

    An argument that it was only on September 11, 2001, that the symbolic universe of the Cold War was finally destroyed and a new world order put into place.

    subtitle: U.S. Culture in the Long Nineties
  • Life Interrupted
    Author(s): Brennan, Denise

    Life Interrupted introduces us to survivors of human trafficking who are struggling to get by and make homes for themselves in the United States. Having spent nearly a decade following the lives of formerly trafficked men and women, Denise Brennan recounts in close detail their flight from their abusers and their courageous efforts to rebuild their lives. At once scholarly and accessible, her book links these firsthand accounts to global economic inequities and under-regulated and unprotected workplaces that routinely exploit migrant laborers in the United States. Brennan contends that today's punitive immigration policies undermine efforts to fight trafficking. While many believe trafficking happens only in the sex trade, Brennan shows that across low-wage labor sectors—in fields, in factories, and on construction sites—widespread exploitation can lead to and conceal forced labor. Life Interrupted is a riveting account of life in and after trafficking and a forceful call for meaningful immigration and labor reform.

    All royalties from this book will be donated to the nonprofit Survivor Leadership Training Fund administered through the Freedom Network.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376910
    Publication Date: 2014-02-19
    author-list-text: Denise Brennan
    1. Denise Brennan
    contrib-author: Denise Brennan
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376910
    illustrations-note: 18 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356240
    isbn-paper: 9780822356332
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Having spent nearly a decade following the lives of formerly trafficked men and women, Denise Brennan recounts in close detail their flight from their abusers and their courageous efforts to rebuild their lives. Life Interrupted is a riveting account of life in and after trafficking and a forceful call for meaningful immigration and labor reform.

    subtitle: Trafficking into Forced Labor in the United States
  • Life Within Limits
    Author(s): Jackson, Michael D.

    The sense that well-being remains elusive, transitory, and unevenly distributed is felt by the rich as well as the poor, and in all societies. To explore this condition of existential dissatisfaction, the anthropologist Michael Jackson traveled to Sierra Leone, described in a recent UN report as the “least livable” country in the world. There he revisited the village where he did his first ethnographic fieldwork in 1969–70 and lived in 1979. Jackson writes that Africans have always faced forces from without that imperil their lives and livelihoods. Though these forces have assumed different forms at different times—slave raiding, warfare, epidemic illness, colonial domination, state interference, economic exploitation, and corrupt government—they are subject to the same mix of magical and practical reactions that affluent Westerners deploy against terrorist threats, illegal immigration, market collapse, and economic recession. Both the problem of well-being and the question of what makes life worthwhile are grounded in the mystery of existential discontent—the question as to why human beings, regardless of their external circumstances, are haunted by a sense of insufficiency and loss. While philosophers have often asked the most searching questions regarding the human condition, Jackson suggests that ethnographic method offers one of the most edifying ways of actually exploring those questions.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393696
    Publication Date: 2011-01-26
    author-list-text: Michael D. Jackson
    1. Michael D. Jackson
    contrib-author: Michael D. Jackson
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393696
    illustrations-note: 20 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348924
    isbn-paper: 9780822349150
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Based on a return to the village in Sierra Leone where he did his first ethnographic fieldwork in 1969–70, an anthropologist reflects on the universality of human discontent.

    subtitle: Well-being in a World of Want
  • Lift High the Cross
    Author(s): Burlein, Ann

    Both the Christian right and right-wing white supremacist groups aspire to overcome a culture they perceive as hostile to the white middle class, families, and heterosexuality. The family is threatened, they claim, by a secular humanist conspiracy that seeks to erase all memory of the nation’s Christian heritage by brainwashing its children through sex education, multiculturalism, and pop culture. In Lift High the Cross Ann Burlein looks at two groups that represent, in one case, the “hard” right, and in the other, the “soft” right—Pete Peters’s “Scriptures for America” and James Dobson’s “Focus on the Family”—in order to investigate the specific methods these groups rely on to appeal to their followers.

    Arguing that today’s right engenders its popularity not by overt bigotry or hatred but by focusing on people’s hopes for their children, Burlein finds a politics of grief at the heart of such rhetoric. While demonstrating how religious symbols, rituals, texts, and practices shape people’s memories and their investment in society, she shows how Peters and Dobson each construct countermemories for their followers that reframe their histories and identities—as well as their worlds—by reversing mainstream perspectives in ways that counter existing power relations. By employing the techniques of niche marketing, the politics of scandal, and the transformation of political issues into “gut issues” and by remasculinizing the body politic, Burlein shows, such groups are able to move people into their realm of influence without requiring them to agree with all their philosophical, doctrinal, or political positions.

    Lift High the Cross will appeal to students and scholars of religion, American cultural studies, women’s studies, sociology, and gay and lesbian studies, as well as to non-specialists interested in American politics and, specifically, the right.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383406
    Publication Date: 2002-02-05
    author-list-text: Ann Burlein
    1. Ann Burlein
    contrib-author: Ann Burlein
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383406
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328377
    isbn-paper: 9780822328643
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Explores the links between white supremacist organizations and groups representing the religious right, specifically in Colorado, home of the most well known of these organziations, Christian Identity and Focus in the Family.

    subtitle: Where White Supremacy and the Christian Right Converge
  • Light in the Dark/Luz en lo Oscuro
    Author(s): Anzaldúa, Gloria; Keating, AnaLouise

    Written during the last decade of her life, Light in the Dark represents the culmination of Gloria E. Anzaldúa's mature thought and the most comprehensive presentation of her philosophy. Throughout, Anzaldúa weaves personal narratives into deeply engaging theoretical readings to comment on numerous contemporary issues—including the September 11 attacks, neocolonial practices in the art world, and coalitional politics. She valorizes subaltern forms and methods of knowing, being, and creating that have been marginalized by Western thought, and theorizes her writing process as a fully embodied artistic and political practice. Resituating Anzaldúa's work within Continental philosophy and new materialism, Light in the Dark takes Anzaldúan scholarship in new directions.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375036
    Publication Date: 2015-09-07
    author-list-text: Gloria Anzaldúa
    1. Gloria Anzaldúa
    contrib-author: Gloria Anzaldúa
    contrib-editor: AnaLouise Keating
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375036
    illustrations-note: 10 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359777
    isbn-paper: 9780822360094
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    Light in the Dark is the culmination of Gloria E. Anzaldúa's mature thought and the most comprehensive presentation of her philosophy. Focusing on aesthetics, ontology, epistemology, and ethics, it contains several developments in her many important theoretical contributions.

    subtitle: Rewriting Identity, Spirituality, Reality
  • Like Cattle and Horses
    Author(s): Smith, S. A.; Gordon, Andrew; Keyssar, Alexander; James, Daniel

    In Like Cattle and Horses Steve Smith connects the rise of Chinese nationalism to the growth of a Chinese working class. Moving from the late nineteenth century, when foreign companies first set up factories on Chinese soil, to 1927, when the labor movement created by the Chinese Communist Party was crushed by Chiang Kai-shek, Smith uses a host of documents—journalistic accounts of strikes, memoirs by former activists, police records—to argue that a nationalist movement fueled by the effects of foreign imperialism had a far greater hold on working-class identity than did class consciousness.

    While the massive wave of labor protest in the 1920s was principally an expression of militant nationalism rather than of class consciousness, Smith argues, elements of a precarious class identity were in turn forged by the very discourse of nationalism. By linking work-related demands to the defense of the nation, anti-imperialist nationalism legitimized participation in strikes and sensitized workers to the fact that they were worthy of better treatment as Chinese citizens. Smith shows how the workers’ refusal to be treated “like cattle and horses” (a phrase frequently used by workers to describe their condition) came from a new but powerfully felt sense of dignity. In short, nationalism enabled workers to interpret the anger they felt at their unjust treatment in the workplace in political terms and to create a link between their position as workers and their position as members of an oppressed nation. By focusing on the role of the working class, Like Cattle and Horses is one of very few studies that examines nationalism “from below,” acknowledging the powerful agency of nonelite forces in promoting national identity.

    Like Cattle and Horses will interest historians of labor, modern China, and nationalism, as well as those engaged in the study of revolutions and revolt.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380863
    Publication Date: 2002-03-19
    author-list-text: S. A. Smith, Andrew Gordon, Alexander Keyssar and Daniel James
    1. S. A. Smith,
    2. Andrew Gordon,
    3. Alexander Keyssar and
    4. Daniel James
    contrib-author: S. A. Smith
    contrib-series-editor: Andrew Gordon; Alexander Keyssar; Daniel James
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822380863
    illustrations-note: 2 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327837
    isbn-paper: 9780822327936
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Comparative and International Working-Class History

    Exploration of the development of national and class identities among Shanghai workers, claiming that nationalism had a greater hold on working-class identity between 1895 and 1927 than class consciousness.

    subtitle: Nationalism and Labor in Shanghai, 1895–1927
  • Liminal Lives
    Author(s): Squier, Susan Merrill

    Embryo adoptions, stem cells capable of transforming into any cell in the human body, intra- and inter-species organ transplantation—these and other biomedical advances have unsettled ideas of what it means to be human, of when life begins and ends. In the first study to consider the cultural impact of the medical transformation of the entire human life span, Susan Merrill Squier argues that fiction—particularly science fiction—serves as a space where worries about ethically and socially charged scientific procedures are worked through. Indeed, she demonstrates that in many instances fiction has anticipated and paved the way for far-reaching biomedical changes. Squier uses the anthropological concept of liminality—the state of being on the threshold of change, no longer one thing yet not quite another—to explore how, from the early twentieth century forward, fiction and science together have altered not only the concept of the human being but the contours of human life.

    Drawing on archival materials of twentieth-century biology; little-known works of fiction and science fiction; and twentieth- and twenty-first century U.S. and U.K. government reports by the National Institutes of Health, the Parliamentary Advisory Group on the Ethics of Xenotransplantation, and the President’s Council on Bioethics, she examines a number of biomedical changes as each was portrayed by scientists, social scientists, and authors of fiction and poetry. Among the scientific developments she considers are the cultured cell, the hybrid embryo, the engineered intrauterine fetus, the child treated with human growth hormone, the process of organ transplantation, and the elderly person rejuvenated by hormone replacement therapy or other artificial means. Squier shows that in the midst of new phenomena such as these, literature helps us imagine new ways of living. It allows us to reflect on the possibilities and perils of our liminal lives.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386285
    Publication Date: 2004-11-16
    author-list-text: Susan Merrill Squier
    1. Susan Merrill Squier
    contrib-author: Susan Merrill Squier
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822386285
    illustrations-note: 17 b&w photos, 24 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333814
    isbn-paper: 9780822333661
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A study of the mutually constituitive relations between Western biomedicine and Ango- American literature in the 20th and early 21st centuries, tracing the interwoven processes by which both fields have transformed the course of human life.

    subtitle: Imagining the Human at the Frontiers of Biomedicine
  • Lines of Flight
    Author(s): Mattessich, Stefan; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric

    For Thomas Pynchon, the characteristic features of late capitalism—the rise of the military-industrial complex, consumerism, bureaucratization and specialization in the workplace, standardization at all levels of social life, and the growing influence of the mass media—all point to a transformation in the way human beings experience time and duration. Focusing on Pynchon’s novels as representative artifacts of the postwar period, Stefan Mattessich analyzes this temporal transformation in relation not only to Pynchon’s work but also to its literary, cultural, and theoretical contexts.

    Mattessich theorizes a new kind of time—subjective displacement—dramatized in the parody, satire, and farce deployed through Pynchon’s oeuvre. In particular, he is interested in showing how this sense of time relates to the counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s. Examining this movement as an instance of flight or escape and exposing the beliefs behind it, Mattessich argues that the counterculture’s rejection of the dominant culture ultimately became an act of self-cancellation, a rebellion in which the counterculture found itself defined by the very order it sought to escape. He points to parallels in Pynchon’s attempts to dramatize and enact a similar experience of time in the doubling-back, crisscrossing, and erasure of his writing. Mattessich lays out a theory of cultural production centered on the ethical necessity of grasping one’s own susceptibility to discursive forms of determination.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384137
    Publication Date: 2002-11-01
    author-list-text: Stefan Mattessich, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    1. Stefan Mattessich,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Stefan Mattessich
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822384137
    illustrations-note: 4 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329794
    isbn-paper: 9780822329947
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions

    An overview of the work of Pynchon and its relationship to the counterculture of the 60s, 70s and 80s.

    subtitle: Discursive Time and Countercultural Desire in the Work of Thomas Pynchon
  • Lines of Thought
    Author(s): Brodsky Lacour, Claudia

    It is considerably easier to say that modern philosophy began with Descartes than it is to define the modernity and philosophy to which Descartes gave rise. In Lines of Thought, Claudia Brodsky Lacour describes the double origin of modern philosophy in Descartes’s Discours de la méthode and Géométrie, works whose interrelation, she argues, reveals the specific nature of the modern in his thought. Her study examines the roles of discourse and writing in Cartesian method and intuition, and the significance of graphic architectonic form in the genealogy of modern philosophy.

    While Cartesianism has long served as a synonym for rationalism, the contents of Descartes’s method and cogito have remained infamously resistant to rational analysis. Similarly, although modern phenomenological analyses descend from Descartes’s notion of intuition, the “things” Cartesian intuitions represent bear no resemblance to phenomena. By returning to what Descartes calls the construction of his “foundation” in the Discours, Brodsky Lacour identifies the conceptual problems at the root of Descartes’s literary and aesthetic theory as well as epistemology. If, for Descartes, linear extension and “I” are the only “things” we can know exist, the Cartesian subject of thought, she shows, derives first from the intersection of discourse and drawing, representation and matter. The crux of that intersection, Brodsky Lacour concludes, is and must be the cogito, Descartes’s theoretical extension of thinking into material being. Describable in accordance with the Géométrie as a freely constructed line of thought, the cogito, she argues, extends historically to link philosophy with theories of discursive representation and graphic delineation after Descartes. In conclusion, Brodsky Lacour analyzes such a link in the writings of Claude Perrault, the architectural theorist whose reflections on beauty helped shape the seventeenth-century dispute between “the ancients and the moderns.”

    Part of a growing body of literary and interdisciplinary considerations of philosophical texts, Lines of Thought will appeal to theorists and historians of literature, architecture, art, and philosophy, and those concerned with the origin and identity of the modern.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379225
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Claudia Brodsky Lacour
    1. Claudia Brodsky Lacour
    contrib-author: Claudia Brodsky Lacour
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822379225
    isbn-cloth: 9780822317777
    isbn-paper: 9780822317746
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Discourse, Architectonics, and the Origin of Modern Philosophy
  • Linked Labor Histories
    Author(s): Chomsky, Aviva; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.

    Exploring globalization from a labor history perspective, Aviva Chomsky provides historically grounded analyses of migration, labor-management collaboration, and the mobility of capital. She illuminates the dynamics of these movements through case studies set mostly in New England and Colombia. Taken together, the case studies offer an intricate portrait of two regions, their industries and workers, and the myriad links between them over the long twentieth century, as well as a new way to conceptualize globalization as a long-term process.

    Chomsky examines labor and management at two early-twentieth-century Massachusetts factories: one that transformed the global textile industry by exporting looms around the world, and another that was the site of a model program of labor-management collaboration in the 1920s. She follows the path of the textile industry from New England, first to the U.S. South, and then to Puerto Rico, Japan, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and Colombia. She considers how towns in Rhode Island and Massachusetts began to import Colombian workers as they struggled to keep their remaining textile factories going. Most of the workers eventually landed in service jobs: cleaning houses, caring for elders, washing dishes.

    Focusing on Colombia between the 1960s and the present, Chomsky looks at the Urabá banana export region, where violence against organized labor has been particularly acute, and, through a discussion of the AFL-CIO’s activities in Colombia, she explores the thorny question of U.S. union involvement in foreign policy. In the 1980s, two U.S. coal mining companies began to shift their operations to Colombia, where they opened two of the largest open-pit coal mines in the world. Chomsky assesses how different groups, especially labor unions in both countries, were affected. Linked Labor Histories suggests that economic integration among regions often exacerbates regional inequalities rather than ameliorating them.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388913
    Publication Date: 2008-03-11
    author-list-text: Aviva Chomsky, Gilbert M. Joseph and Emily S. Rosenberg
    1. Aviva Chomsky,
    2. Gilbert M. Joseph and
    3. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-author: Aviva Chomsky
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388913
    illustrations-note: 20 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341734
    isbn-paper: 9780822341901
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions

    An analysis of migration, labor-management collaboration, and the mobility of capital based on case studies in New England and Colombia.

    subtitle: New England, Colombia, and the Making of a Global Working Class
  • Lion Songs
    Author(s): Eyre, Banning

    Like Fela Kuti and Bob Marley, singer, composer, and bandleader Thomas Mapfumo and his music came to represent his native country's anticolonial struggle and cultural identity. Mapfumo was born in 1945 in what was then the British colony of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). The trajectory of his career—from early performances of rock 'n' roll tunes to later creating a new genre based on traditional Zimbabwean music, including the sacred mbira, and African and Western pop—is a metaphor for Zimbabwe's evolution from colony to independent nation. Lion Songs is an authoritative biography of Mapfumo that narrates the life and career of this creative, complex, and iconic figure.


    Banning Eyre ties the arc of Mapfumo's career to the history of Zimbabwe. The genre Mapfumo created in the 1970s called chimurenga, or "struggle" music, challenged the Rhodesian government—which banned his music and jailed him—and became important to Zimbabwe achieving independence in 1980. In the 1980s and 1990s Mapfumo's international profile grew along with his opposition to Robert Mugabe's dictatorship. Mugabe had been a hero of the revolution, but Mapfumo’s criticism of his regime led authorities and loyalists to turn on the singer with threats and intimidation. Beginning in 2000, Mapfumo and key band and family members left Zimbabwe. Many of them, including Mapfumo, now reside in Eugene, Oregon.


    A labor of love, Lion Songs is the product of a twenty-five-year friendship and professional relationship between Eyre and Mapfumo that demonstrates Mapfumo's musical and political importance to his nation, its freedom struggle, and its culture.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375425
    Publication Date: 2015-04-27
    author-list-text: Banning Eyre
    1. Banning Eyre
    contrib-author: Banning Eyre
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375425
    illustrations-note: 62 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359081
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In Lion Songs Banning Eyre tells the story of Zimbabwean singer, composer and bandleader Thomas Mapfumo who, like Fela Kuti and Bob Marley, represents his country's anti-colonial struggle and cultural identity. Eyre narrates Mapfumo's life in the context of Zimbabwe's pre- and post-revolutionary history.

    subtitle: Thomas Mapfumo and the Music That Made Zimbabwe
  • Liquidated
    Author(s): Ho, Karen

    Financial collapses—whether of the junk bond market, the Internet bubble, or the highly leveraged housing market—are often explained as the inevitable result of market cycles: What goes up must come down. In Liquidated, Karen Ho punctures the aura of the abstract, all-powerful market to show how financial markets, and particularly booms and busts, are constructed. Through an in-depth investigation into the everyday experiences and ideologies of Wall Street investment bankers, Ho describes how a financially dominant but highly unstable market system is understood, justified, and produced through the restructuring of corporations and the larger economy.

    Ho, who worked at an investment bank herself, argues that bankers’ approaches to financial markets and corporate America are inseparable from the structures and strategies of their workplaces. Her ethnographic analysis of those workplaces is filled with the voices of stressed first-year associates, overworked and alienated analysts, undergraduates eager to be hired, and seasoned managing directors. Recruited from elite universities as “the best and the brightest,” investment bankers are socialized into a world of high risk and high reward. They are paid handsomely, with the understanding that they may be let go at any time. Their workplace culture and networks of privilege create the perception that job insecurity builds character, and employee liquidity results in smart, efficient business. Based on this culture of liquidity and compensation practices tied to profligate deal-making, Wall Street investment bankers reshape corporate America in their own image. Their mission is the creation of shareholder value, but Ho demonstrates that their practices and assumptions often produce crises instead. By connecting the values and actions of investment bankers to the construction of markets and the restructuring of U.S. corporations, Liquidated reveals the particular culture of Wall Street often obscured by triumphalist readings of capitalist globalization.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391371
    Publication Date: 2009-06-22
    author-list-text: Karen Ho
    1. Karen Ho
    contrib-author: Karen Ho
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391371
    illustrations-note: 1 photograph, 2 tables, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345800
    isbn-paper: 9780822345992
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book

    An ethnography of Wall Street, investment bankers and the cultural logics of finance.

    subtitle: An Ethnography of Wall Street
  • Listen Again
    Author(s): Weisbard, Eric; Lhamon Jr., W. T.; Hamilton, Marybeth; Kun, Josh; Sublette, Ned

    Arguing that pop music turns on moments rather than movements, the essays in Listen Again pinpoint magic moments from a century of pop eclecticism, looking at artists who fall between genre lines, songs that sponge up influences from everywhere, and studio accidents with unforeseen consequences. Listen Again collects some of the finest presentations from the celebrated Experience Music Project Pop Conference, where journalists, musicians, academics, and other culturemongers come together once each year to stretch the boundaries of pop music culture, criticism, and scholarship.

    Building a history of pop music out of unexpected instances, critics and musicians delve into topics from the early-twentieth-century black performer Bert Williams’s use of blackface, to the invention of the Delta blues category by a forgotten record collector named James McKune, to an ER cast member’s performance as the Germs’ front man Darby Crash at a Germs reunion show. Cuban music historian Ned Sublette zeroes in on the signature riff of the garage-band staple “Louie, Louie.” David Thomas of the pioneering punk band Pere Ubu honors one of his forebears: Ghoulardi, a late-night monster-movie host on Cleveland-area TV in the 1960s. Benjamin Melendez discusses playing in a band, the Ghetto Brothers, that Latinized the Beatles, while leading a South Bronx gang, also called the Ghetto Brothers. Michaelangelo Matos traces the lineage of the hip-hop sample “Apache” to a Burt Lancaster film. Whether reflecting on the ringing freedom of an E chord or the significance of Bill Tate, who performed once in 1981 as Buddy Holocaust and was never heard from again, the essays reveal why Robert Christgau, a founder of rock criticism, has called the EMP Pop Conference “the best thing that’s ever happened to serious consideration of pop music.”

    Contributors. David Brackett, Franklin Bruno, Daphne Carr, Henry Chalfant, Jeff Chang, Drew Daniel, Robert Fink, Holly George-Warren, Lavinia Greenlaw, Marybeth Hamilton, Jason King, Josh Kun, W. T. Lhamon, Jr., Greil Marcus, Michaelangelo Matos, Benjamin Melendez, Mark Anthony Neal, Ned Sublette, David Thomas, Steve Waksman, Eric Weisbard

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390558
    Publication Date: 2007-10-11
    author-list-text: W. T. Lhamon Jr., Marybeth Hamilton, Josh Kun and Ned Sublette
    1. W. T. Lhamon Jr.,
    2. Marybeth Hamilton,
    3. Josh Kun and
    4. Ned Sublette
    contrib-editor: Eric Weisbard
    contrib-other: W. T. Lhamon Jr.; Marybeth Hamilton; Josh Kun; Ned Sublette
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390558
    illustrations-note: 13 photographs, 13 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340225
    isbn-paper: 9780822340416
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Collection of essays on the history of pop music.

    subtitle: A Momentary History of Pop Music
  • Listening for Africa
    Author(s): García, David F.

    In Listening for Africa David F. Garcia explores how a diverse group of musicians, dancers, academics, and activists engaged with the idea of black music and dance’s African origins between the 1930s and 1950s. Garcia examines the work of figures ranging from Melville J. Herskovits, Katherine Dunham, and Asadata Dafora to Duke Ellington, Dámaso Pérez Prado, and others who believed that linking black music and dance with Africa and nature would help realize modernity’s promises of freedom in the face of fascism and racism in Europe and the Americas, colonialism in Africa, and the nuclear threat at the start of the Cold War. In analyzing their work, Garcia traces how such attempts to link black music and dance to Africa unintentionally reinforced the binary relationships between the West and Africa, white and black, the modern and the primitive, science and magic, and rural and urban. It was, Garcia demonstrates, modernity’s determinations of unraced, heteronormative, and productive bodies, and of scientific truth that helped defer the realization of individual and political freedom in the world.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373117
    Publication Date: 2017-07-21
    author-list-text: David F. García
    1. David F. García
    contrib-author: David F. García
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373117
    illustrations-note: 23 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363545
    isbn-paper: 9780822363705
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    David F. Garcia examines the work of a wide range of musicians, dancers, academics, and activists between the 1930s and the 1950s to show how their belief in black music's African roots would provide the means to debunk racist ideologies, aid decolonization of Africa, and ease racial violence.

    subtitle: Freedom, Modernity, and the Logic of Black Music's African Origins
  • Listening in Detail
    Author(s): Vazquez, Alexandra T.

    Listening in Detail is an original and impassioned take on the intellectual and sensory bounty of Cuban music as it circulates between the island, the United States, and other locations. It is also a powerful critique of efforts to define "Cuban music" for ethnographic examination or market consumption. Contending that the music is not a knowable entity but a spectrum of dynamic practices that elude definition, Alexandra T. Vazquez models a new way of writing about music and the meanings assigned to it. "Listening in detail" is a method invested in opening up, rather than pinning down, experiences of Cuban music. Critiques of imperialism, nationalism, race, and gender emerge in fragments and moments, and in gestures and sounds through Vazquez's engagement with Alfredo Rodríguez's album Cuba Linda (1996), the seventy-year career of the vocalist Graciela Pérez, the signature grunt of the "Mambo King" Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban music documentaries of the 1960s, and late-twentieth-century concert ephemera.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378877
    Publication Date: 2013-05-24
    author-list-text: Alexandra T. Vazquez
    1. Alexandra T. Vazquez
    contrib-author: Alexandra T. Vazquez
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822378877
    illustrations-note: 23 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354550
    isbn-paper: 9780822354581
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring american music

    Contending that the music is not a knowable entity but a spectrum of dynamic practices that elude definition, Alexandra T. Vazquez models a new way of writing about music and the meanings assigned to it.

    subtitle: Performances of Cuban Music
  • Listening Subjects
    Author(s): Schwarz, David

    In Listening Subjects, David Schwarz uses psychoanalytic techniques to probe the visceral experiences of music listeners. Using classical, popular, and avant-garde music as texts, Schwarz addresses intriguing questions: why do bodies develop goose bumps when listening to music and why does music sound so good when heard "all around?" By concentrating on music as cultural artifact, Listening Subjects shows how the historical conditions under which music is created affect the listening experience.

    Schwarz applies the ideas of post-Lacanian psychoanalytic theorists Slavoj Zizek, Julia Kristeva, and Kaja Silverman to an analysis of diverse works. In a discussion of John Adams’s opera Nixon in China, he presents music listening as a fantasy of being enclosed in a second skin of enveloping sound. He looks at the song cycles of Franz Schubert as an examination and expression of epistemological doubts at the advent of modernism, and traverses fantasy "space" in his exploration of the white noise at the end of the Beatles’ "I Want You (She’s So Heavy)." Schwarz also considers the psychosexual undercurrent in Peter Gabriel’s "Intruder" and the textual and ideological structures of German Oi Musik. Concluding with a reading of two compositions by Diamanda Galás, he reveals how some performances can simultaneously produce terror and awe, abjection and rage, pleasure and displeasure. This multilayered study transcends other interventions in the field of musicology, particularly in its groundbreaking application of literary theory to popular and classical music.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399513
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: David Schwarz
    1. David Schwarz
    contrib-author: David Schwarz
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822399513
    illustrations-note: 1 b&w photograph, 65 musical examples
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319290
    isbn-paper: 9780822319221
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Music, Psychoanalysis, Culture

Duke University Press, 905 W Main St, Suite 18B, Durham, NC 27701, Telephone: 919-688-5134, Toll-Free US: 888-651-0122