Browse by Title : K

  • Kannani and Document of Flames
    Author(s): Yuasa, Katsuei; Driscoll, Mark

    This volume makes available for the first time in English two of the most important novels of Japanese colonialism: Yuasa Katsuei’s Kannani and Document of Flames. Born in Japan in 1910 and raised in Korea, Yuasa was an eyewitness to the ravages of the Japanese occupation. In both of the novels presented here, he is clearly critical of Japanese imperialism. Kannani (1934) stands alone within Japanese literature in its graphic depictions of the racism and poverty endured by the colonized Koreans. Document of Flames (1935) brings issues of class and gender into sharp focus. It tells the story of Tokiko, a divorced woman displaced from her Japanese home who finds herself forced to work as a prostitute in Korea to support herself and her child. Tokiko eventually becomes a landowner and oppressor of the Koreans she lives amongst, a transformation suggesting that the struggle against oppression often ends up replicating the structure of domination.

    In his introduction, Mark Driscoll provides a nuanced and engaging discussion of Yuasa’s life and work and of the cultural politics of Japanese colonialism. He describes Yuasa’s sharp turn, in the years following the publication of Kannani and Document of Flames, toward support for Japanese nationalism and the assimilation of Koreans into Japanese culture. This abrupt ideological reversal has made Yuasa’s early writing—initially censored for its anticolonialism—all the more controversial. In a masterful concluding essay, Driscoll connects these novels to larger theoretical issues, demonstrating how a deep understanding of Japanese imperialism challenges prevailing accounts of postcolonialism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386971
    Publication Date: 2005-05-26
    author-list-text: Katsuei Yuasa and Mark Driscoll
    1. Katsuei Yuasa and
    2. Mark Driscoll
    contrib-author: Katsuei Yuasa
    contrib-translator: Mark Driscoll
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386971
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335054
    isbn-paper: 9780822335177
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Translation of two novels written in the 1930s by Korean-born Yuasa Katsuei, who realistically depicted the lives of Koreans under Japanese colonial rule.

    subtitle: Two Japanese Colonial Novels
  • Keywords in Sound
    Author(s): Novak, David; Sakakeeny, Matt

    In twenty essays on subjects such as noise, acoustics, music, and silence, Keywords in Sound presents a definitive resource for sound studies, and a compelling argument for why studying sound matters. Each contributor details their keyword's intellectual history, outlines its role in cultural, social and political discourses, and suggests possibilities for further research. Keywords in Sound charts the philosophical debates and core problems in defining, classifying and conceptualizing sound, and sets new challenges for the development of sound studies.

    Contributors. Andrew Eisenberg, Veit Erlmann, Patrick Feaster, Steven Feld, Daniel Fisher, Stefan Helmreich, Charles Hirschkind, Deborah Kapchan, Mara Mills, John Mowitt, David Novak, Ana Maria Ochoa Gautier, Thomas Porcello, Tom Rice, Tara Rodgers, Matt Sakakeeny, David Samuels, Mark M. Smith, Benjamin Steege, Jonathan Sterne, Amanda Weidman

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375494
    Publication Date: 2015-04-01
    contrib-editor: David Novak; Matt Sakakeeny
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375494
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359036
    isbn-paper: 9780822358893
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Keywords in Sound defines the field of sound studies and provides a comprehensive conceptual apparatus for why studying sound matters. Each essay includes the keyword's intellectual history, a discussion of its role in cultural, social and political discourses, and suggestions for possible future research.

  • Kids Rule!
    Author(s): Banet-Weiser, Sarah; Spigel, Lynn

    In Kids Rule! Sarah Banet-Weiser examines the cable network Nickelodeon in order to rethink the relationship between children, media, citizenship, and consumerism. Nickelodeon is arguably the most commercially successful cable network ever. Broadcasting original programs such as Dora the Explorer, SpongeBob SquarePants, and Rugrats (and producing related movies, Web sites, and merchandise), Nickelodeon has worked aggressively to claim and maintain its position as the preeminent creator and distributor of television programs for America’s young children, tweens, and teens. Banet-Weiser argues that a key to its success is its construction of children as citizens within a commercial context. The network’s self-conscious engagement with kids—its creation of a “Nickelodeon Nation” offering choices and empowerment within a world structured by rigid adult rules—combines an appeal to kids’ formidable purchasing power with assertions of their political and cultural power.

    Banet-Weiser draws on interviews with nearly fifty children as well as with network professionals; coverage of Nickelodeon in both trade and mass media publications; and analysis of the network’s programs. She provides an overview of the media industry within which Nickelodeon emerged in the early 1980s as well as a detailed investigation of its brand-development strategies. She also explores Nickelodeon’s commitment to “girl power,” its ambivalent stance on multiculturalism and diversity, and its oft-remarked appeal to adult viewers. Banet-Weiser does not condemn commercial culture nor dismiss the opportunities for community and belonging it can facilitate. Rather she contends that in the contemporary media environment, the discourses of political citizenship and commercial citizenship so thoroughly inform one another that they must be analyzed in tandem. Together they play a fundamental role in structuring children’s interactions with television.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390299
    Publication Date: 2007-08-13
    author-list-text: Sarah Banet-Weiser and Lynn Spigel
    1. Sarah Banet-Weiser and
    2. Lynn Spigel
    contrib-author: Sarah Banet-Weiser
    contrib-series-editor: Lynn Spigel
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390299
    illustrations-note: 30 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339762
    isbn-paper: 9780822339939
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Console-ing Passions

    Sarah Banet-Weiser explores how the cable network Nickelodeon combines an appeal to kids formidable purchasing power with assertions of their political and cultural power.

    subtitle: Nickelodeon and Consumer Citizenship
  • Kingdom of Beauty
    Author(s): Brandt, Kim; Chow, Rey; Harootunian, Harry; Miyoshi, Masao

    A Study of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University

    Kingdom of Beauty shows that the discovery of mingei (folk art) by Japanese intellectuals in the 1920s and 1930s was central to the complex process by which Japan became both a modern nation and an imperial world power. Kim Brandt’s account of the mingei movement locates its origins in colonial Korea, where middle-class Japanese artists and collectors discovered that imperialism offered them special opportunities to amass art objects and gain social, cultural, and even political influence. Later, mingei enthusiasts worked with (and against) other groups—such as state officials, fascist ideologues, rival folk art organizations, local artisans, newspaper and magazine editors, and department store managers—to promote their own vision of beautiful prosperity for Japan, Asia, and indeed the world. In tracing the history of mingei activism, Brandt considers not only Yanagi Muneyoshi, Hamada Shōji, Kawai Kanjirō, and other well-known leaders of the folk art movement but also the often overlooked networks of provincial intellectuals, craftspeople, marketers, and shoppers who were just as important to its success. The result of their collective efforts, she makes clear, was the transformation of a once-obscure category of pre-industrial rural artifacts into an icon of modern national style.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389545
    Publication Date: 2007-06-29
    author-list-text: Kim Brandt, Rey Chow, Harry Harootunian and Masao Miyoshi
    1. Kim Brandt,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Harry Harootunian and
    4. Masao Miyoshi
    contrib-author: Kim Brandt
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Harry Harootunian; Masao Miyoshi
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389545
    illustrations-note: 21 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339830
    isbn-paper: 9780822340003
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
    subtitle: Mingei and the Politics of Folk Art in Imperial Japan
  • Kurosawa
    Author(s): Yoshimoto, Mitsuhiro

    The films of Akira Kurosawa have had an immense effect on the way the Japanese have viewed themselves as a nation and on the way the West has viewed Japan. In this comprehensive and theoretically informed study of the influential director’s cinema, Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto definitively analyzes Kurosawa’s entire body of work, from 1943’s Sanshiro Sugata to 1993’s Madadayo. In scrutinizing this oeuvre, Yoshimoto shifts the ground upon which the scholarship on Japanese cinema has been built and questions its dominant interpretive frameworks and critical assumptions.

    Arguing that Kurosawa’s films arouse anxiety in Japanese and Western critics because the films problematize Japan’s self-image and the West’s image of Japan, Yoshimoto challenges widely circulating clichés about the films and shows how these works constitute narrative answers to sociocultural contradictions and institutional dilemmas. While fully acknowledging the achievement of Kurosawa as a filmmaker, Yoshimoto uses the director’s work to reflect on and rethink a variety of larger issues, from Japanese film history, modern Japanese history, and cultural production to national identity and the global circulation of cultural capital. He examines how Japanese cinema has been “invented” in the discipline of film studies for specific ideological purposes and analyzes Kurosawa’s role in that process of invention. Demonstrating the richness of both this director’s work and Japanese cinema in general, Yoshimoto’s nuanced study illuminates an array of thematic and stylistic aspects of the films in addition to their social and historical contexts.

    Beyond aficionados of Kurosawa and Japanese film, this book will interest those engaged with cultural studies, postcolonial studies, cultural globalization, film studies, Asian studies, and the formation of academic disciplines.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397090
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto
    1. Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto
    contrib-author: Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822397090
    illustrations-note: 7 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324836
    isbn-paper: 9780822325192
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific : culture, politics, and society
    subtitle: Film Studies and Japanese Cinema

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