Browse by Title : I

  • I Love My Selfie
    Author(s): Stavans, Ilan; Maldonado, Adál

    What explains our current obsession with selfies? In I Love My Selfie noted cultural critic Ilan Stavans explores the selfie's historical and cultural roots by discussing everything from Greek mythology and Shakespeare to Andy Warhol, James Franco, and Pope Francis. He sees selfies as tools people use to disguise or present themselves as spontaneous and casual. This collaboration includes a portfolio of fifty autoportraits by the artist ADÁL; he and Stavans use them as a way to question the notion of the self and to engage with artists, celebrities, technology, identity, and politics. Provocative and engaging, I Love My Selfie will change the way readers think about this unavoidable phenomenon of twenty-first-century life.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373179
    Publication Date: 2017-04-25
    author-list-text: Ilan Stavans and Adál Maldonado
    1. Ilan Stavans and
    2. Adál Maldonado
    contrib-author: Ilan Stavans
    contrib-other: Adál Maldonado
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373179
    illustrations-note: 73 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363385
    isbn-paper: 9780822363491
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Noted cultural critic Ilan Stavans and artist ADÁL analyze the selfie and its role in contemporary life by exploring it in the context of the history of Western self-portraiture, mythology, literature, art, and philosophy.

  • I'm Neither Here nor There
    Author(s): Zavella, Patricia

    I’m Neither Here nor There explores how immigration influences the construction of family, identity, and community among Mexican Americans and migrants from Mexico. Based on long-term ethnographic research, Patricia Zavella describes how poor and working-class Mexican Americans and migrants to California’s central coast struggle for agency amid the region’s deteriorating economic conditions and the rise of racial nativism in the United States. Zavella also examines tensions within the Mexican diaspora based on differences in legal status, generation, gender, sexuality, and language. She proposes “peripheral vision” to describe the sense of displacement and instability felt by Mexican Americans and Mexicans who migrate to the United States as well as by their family members in Mexico.

    Drawing on close interactions with Mexicans on both sides of the border, Zavella examines migrant journeys to and within the United States, gendered racialization, and exploitation at workplaces, and the challenges that migrants face in forming and maintaining families. As she demonstrates, the desires of migrants to express their identities publicly and to establish a sense of cultural memory are realized partly through Latin American and Chicano protest music, and Mexican and indigenous folks songs played by musicians and cultural activists.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394259
    Publication Date: 2011-05-23
    author-list-text: Patricia Zavella
    1. Patricia Zavella
    contrib-author: Patricia Zavella
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394259
    illustrations-note: 11 illustrations, 2 tables, 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350187
    isbn-paper: 9780822350354
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Studies poor and working-class Mexicans in the USA, showing how migration influences the creation of identity, family, and community and how it affects even those who don't themselves actually migrate.

    subtitle: Mexicans’ Quotidian Struggles with Migration and Poverty
  • Identifying Talent, Institutionalizing Diversity
    Author(s): Shiao, Jiannbin Lee

    “Diversity” has become a mantra in corporate boardrooms, higher education, and government hiring and contracting. In Identifying Talent, Institutionalizing Diversity, Jiannbin Lee Shiao explains the leading role that large philanthropies have played in establishing diversity as a goal throughout American society in the post–civil rights era. By creating and institutionalizing diversity policies, these private organizations have quietly transformed the practice of affirmative action. Shiao describes how, from the 1960s through the 1990s, philanthropies responded to immigration, the recognition of nonblack minority groups, and the conservative backlash against affirmative action. He shows that these pressures not only shifted discourse and practice within philanthropy away from a binary black-white conception of race but also dovetailed with a change in its mission from supporting “good causes” to “identifying talent.”

    Based on three years of research on the racial and ethnic priorities of the San Francisco Foundation and the Cleveland Foundation, Shiao demonstrates the geographically uneven impact of the national transition to diversification. The demographics of the regions served by the foundations in San Francisco and Cleveland are quite different, and paradoxically, the foundation in Cleveland—which serves an area with substantially fewer immigrants—has had greater institutional opportunities for implementing diversity policies. Shiao connects these regional histories with the national philanthropic field by underscoring the prominent role of the Ford Foundation, the third largest private foundation in the country, in shaping diversity policies. Identifying Talent, Institutionalizing Diversity reveals philanthropic diversity policy as a lens through which to focus on U.S. race relations and the role of the private sector in racial politics.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386216
    Publication Date: 2004-11-16
    author-list-text: Jiannbin Lee Shiao
    1. Jiannbin Lee Shiao
    contrib-author: Jiannbin Lee Shiao
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386216
    illustrations-note: 10 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334361
    isbn-paper: 9780822334477
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Shiao shows how two local foundation offices produce different diversity policies and funding profiles in Cleveland and San Francisco three decades after the Civil Rights movement.

    subtitle: Race and Philanthropy in Post–Civil Rights America
  • Identities in Motion
    Author(s): Feng, Peter X

    This innovative book shows how Asian American filmmakers and videomakers frame and are framed by history—how they define and are defined by cinematic projections of Asian American identity. Combining close readings of films and videos, sophisticated cultural analyses, and detailed production histories that reveal the complex forces at play in the making and distributing of these movies, Identities in Motion offers an illuminating interpretative framework for assessing the extraordinary range of Asian American films produced in North America.

    Peter X Feng considers a wide range of works—from genres such as detective films to romantic comedies to ethnographic films, documentaries, avant-garde videos, newsreels, travelogues, and even home movies. Feng begins by examining movies about three crucial moments that defined the American nation and the roles of Asian Americans within it: the arrival of Chinese and Japanese women in the American West and Hawai’i; the incorporation of the Philippines into the U.S. empire; and the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. In subsequent chapters Feng discusses cinematic depictions of ideological conflicts among Asian Americans and of the complex forces that compel migration, extending his nuanced analysis of the intersections of sexuality, ethnicity, and nationalist movements.

    Identities in Motion illuminates the fluidity of Asian American identities, expressing the diversity and complexity of Asian Americans—including Filipinos, Indonesians, Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese, Laotians, Indians, and Koreans—from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383987
    Publication Date: 2002-07-24
    author-list-text: Peter X Feng
    1. Peter X Feng
    contrib-author: Peter X Feng
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383987
    illustrations-note: 44 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329831
    isbn-paper: 9780822329961
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Considers questions of Asian American Identity and issues of homeland and home in Asian American film.

    subtitle: Asian American Film and Video
  • Identity and Struggle at the Margins of the Nation-State
    Author(s): Chomsky, Aviva; Lauria-Santiago, Aldo A.

    Identity and Struggle at the Margins of the Nation-State brings together new research on the social history of Central America and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Aviva Chomsky and Aldo A. Lauria Santiago have gathered both well-known and emerging scholars to demonstrate how the actions and ideas of rural workers, peasants, migrants, and women formed an integral part of the growth of the export economies of the era and to examine the underacknowledged impact such groups had on the shaping of national histories.

    Responding to the fact that the more common, elite-centered “national” histories distort or erase the importance of gender, race, ethnicity, popular consciousness, and identity, contributors to this volume correct this imbalance by moving these previously overlooked issues to the center of historical research and analysis. In so doing, they describe how these marginalized working peoples of the Hispanic Caribbean Basin managed to remain centered on not only class-based issues but on a sense of community, a desire for dignity, and a struggle for access to resources. Individual essays include discussions of plantation justice in Guatemala, highland Indians in Nicaragua, the effects of foreign corporations in Costa Rica, coffee production in El Salvador, banana workers in Honduras, sexuality and working-class feminism in Puerto Rico, the Cuban sugar industry, agrarian reform in the Dominican Republic, and finally, potential directions for future research and historiography on Central America and the Caribbean.

    This collection will have a wide audience among Caribbeanists and Central Americanists, as well as students of gender studies, and labor, social, Latin American, and agrarian history.

    Contributors. Patricia Alvarenga, Barry Carr, Julie A. Charlip, Aviva Chomsky, Dario Euraque, Eileen Findlay, Cindy Forster, Jeffrey L. Gould, Lowell Gudmundson, Aldo A. Lauria Santiago, Francisco Scarano, Richard Turits

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396970
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Aviva Chomsky; Aldo A. Lauria-Santiago
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822396970
    illustrations-note: 5 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322023
    isbn-paper: 9780822322184
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Comparative and International Working-Class History
    subtitle: The Laboring Peoples of Central America and the Hispanic Caribbean
  • Ideology and Power in the Middle East
    Author(s): Chelkowski, Peter J.; Pranger, Robert J.

    Scholars from the United States, Canada, Europe, and the Middle East combine their talents and expertise to honor George Lenczowski, whose studies of the Middle East over two generations have made him a foremost expert on contemporary affairs in this most volatile and complex region.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381501
    Publication Date: 1988-02-25
    contrib-editor: Peter J. Chelkowski; Robert J. Pranger
    copyright-year: 1988
    eisbn: 9780822381501
    isbn-cloth: 9780822307815
    isbn-paper: 9780822307884
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    The essays in this volume have been collected with a view toward introducing students of the Middle East to key ideologies in the region and the relationship between them and the two major forms of political power-regimes and movements.

    subtitle: Studies in Honor of George Lenczowski
  • Idle Fictions
    Author(s): Pérez Firmat, Gustavo; Pérez Firmat, Gustavo

    The "idle fictions" of the vanguard novel of the 1920s and 1930s in Spain and Spanish America represented a kind of interlude of playfulness--a vacation or parenthetical insertion--in what was perceived as the established course of the modern Hispanic novel's development. Yet, as Pérez Firmat argues, though this genre saw itself as recreative and interstitial, it deliberately precipitated "a class war not between social classes but between literary classes." Concentrating on source material not widely available, Pérez Firmat reconstructs the reception these novels received at the time of their publication, then develops a reading of them based on the intellectual context of this reception. A new preface and an appendix on vanguard biographies have been added to this paperback edition.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382621
    Publication Date: 1993-09-22
    author-list-text: Gustavo Pérez Firmat and Gustavo Pérez Firmat
    1. Gustavo Pérez Firmat and
    2. Gustavo Pérez Firmat
    contrib-author: Gustavo Pérez Firmat; Gustavo Pérez Firmat
    copyright-year: 1982
    eisbn: 9780822382621
    isbn-cloth: 9780822305286
    isbn-paper: 9780822314233
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    The "idle fictions" of the vanguard novel of the 1920s and 1930s in Spain and Spanish America represented a kind of interlude of playfulness--a vacation or parenthetical insertion--in what was perceived as the established course of the modern Hispanic novel's development. Yet, as P�rez Firmat argues, though this genre saw itself as recreative and interstitial, it deliberately precipitated "a class war not between social classes but between literary classes." Concentrating on source material not widely available, P�rez Firmat reconstructs the reception these novels received at the time of their publication, then develops a reading of them based on the intellectual context of this reception. A new preface and an appendix on vanguard biographies have been added to this paperback edition.

    subtitle: The Hispanic Vanguard Novel, 1926–1934, Expanded edition
  • If Truth Be Told
    Author(s): Fassin, Didier

    What happens when ethnographers go public via books, opinion papers, media interviews, court testimonies, policy recommendations, or advocacy activities? Calling for a consideration of this public moment as part and parcel of the research process, the contributors to If Truth Be Told explore the challenges, difficulties, and stakes of having ethnographic research encounter various publics, ranging from journalists, legal experts, and policymakers to activist groups, local populations, and other scholars. The experiences they analyze include Didier Fassin’s interventions on police and prison, Gabriella Coleman's multiple roles as intermediary between hackers and journalists, Kelly Gillespie's and Jonathan Benthall's experiences serving as expert witnesses, the impact of Manuela Ivone Cunha's and Vincent Dubois's work on public policies, and the vociferous attacks on the work of Unni Wikan and Nadia Abu El-Haj. With case studies from five continents, this collection signals the global impact of the questions that the publicization of ethnography raises about the public sphere, the role of the academy, and the responsibilities of social scientists.

    Contributors. Jonathan Benthall, Lucas Bessire, João Biehl, Gabriella Coleman, Manuela Ivone Cunha, Vincent Dubois, Nadia Abu El-Haj, Didier Fassin, Kelly Gillespie, Ghassan Hage, Sherine Hamdy, Federico Neiburg, Unni Wikan

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372875
    Publication Date: 2017-05-12
    contrib-editor: Didier Fassin
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372875
    isbn-cloth: 9780822369653
    isbn-paper: 9780822369776
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    The contributors to If Truth Be Told explore the difficulties, dangers, and stakes of having ethnographic research made available, debated, and appropriated by the public.

    subtitle: The Politics of Public Ethnography
  • Illegible Will
    Author(s): Young, Hershini Bhana

    In Illegible Will Hershini Bhana Young engages with the archive of South African and black diasporic performance to examine the absence of black women's will from that archive. Young argues for that will's illegibility, given the paucity of materials outlining the agency of black historical subjects. Drawing on court documents, novels, photographs, historical records, websites, and descriptions of music and dance, Young shows how black will can be conjured through critical imaginings done in concert with historical research. She critically imagines the will of familiar subjects such as Sarah Baartman and that of obscure figures such as the eighteenth-century slave Tryntjie of Madagascar, who was executed in 1713 for attempting to poison her mistress. She also investigates the presence of will in contemporary expressive culture, such as the Miss Landmine Angola beauty pageant, placing it in the long genealogy of the freak show. In these capacious case studies Young situates South African performance within African diasporic circuits of meaning throughout Africa, North America, and South Asia, demonstrating how performative engagement with archival absence can locate that which was never recorded.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373339
    Publication Date: 2017-02-17
    author-list-text: Hershini Bhana Young
    1. Hershini Bhana Young
    contrib-author: Hershini Bhana Young
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373339
    illustrations-note: 7 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363095
    isbn-paper: 9780822363200
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Hershini Bhana Young engages with the archive of South African and black diasporic performance to examine the absence of black women's will from that archive, showing that alternative critical imaginings juxtaposed against traditional historical research can help to locate where agency and will may reside.

    subtitle: Coercive Spectacles of Labor in South Africa and the Diaspora
  • Illusions of a Future
    Author(s): Schechter, Kate

    A pioneering ethnography of psychoanalysis, Illusions of a Future explores the political economy of private therapeutic labor within industrialized medicine. Focusing on psychoanalysis in Chicago, a historically important location in the development and institutionalization of psychoanalysis in the United States, Kate Schechter examines the nexus of theory, practice, and institutional form in the original instituting of psychoanalysis, its normalization, and now its "crisis." She describes how contemporary analysts struggle to maintain conceptions of themselves as capable of deciding what psychoanalysis is and how to regulate it in order to prevail over market demands for the efficiency and standardization of mental health treatments.

    In the process, Schechter shows how deeply imbricated the analyst-patient relationship is in this effort. Since the mid-twentieth century, the "real" relationship between analyst and patient is no longer the unremarked background of analysis but its very site. Psychoanalysts seek to validate the centrality of this relationship with theory and, through codified "standards," to claim it as a privileged technique. It has become the means by which psychoanalysts, in seeking to protect their disciplinary autonomy, have unwittingly bound themselves to a neoliberal discourse of regulation.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376422
    Publication Date: 2014-07-30
    author-list-text: Kate Schechter
    1. Kate Schechter
    contrib-author: Kate Schechter
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376422
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357087
    isbn-paper: 9780822357216
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Experimental Futures

    This pioneering ethnography of psychoanalysis focuses on Chicago, a historically important location in the development and institutionalization of psychoanalysis in the United States, in order to examine the nexus of theory, practice, and institutional form in the original instituting of psychoanalysis, its normalization, and now its "crisis."

    subtitle: Psychoanalysis and the Biopolitics of Desire
  • Image Matters
    Author(s): Campt, Tina M.

    In Image Matters, Tina M. Campt traces the emergence of a black European subject by examining how specific black European communities used family photography to create forms of identification and community. At the heart of Campt's study are two photographic archives, one composed primarily of snapshots of black German families taken between 1900 and 1945, and the other assembled from studio portraits of West Indian migrants to Birmingham, England, taken between 1948 and 1960. Campt shows how these photographs conveyed profound aspirations to forms of national and cultural belonging. In the process, she engages a host of contemporary issues, including the recoverability of non-stereotypical life stories of black people, especially in Europe, and their impact on our understanding of difference within diaspora; the relevance and theoretical approachability of domestic, vernacular photography; and the relationship between affect and photography. Campt places special emphasis on the tactile and sonic registers of family photographs, and she uses them to read the complexity of "race" in visual signs and to highlight the inseparability of gender and sexuality from any analysis of race and class. Image Matters is an extraordinary reflection on what vernacular photography enabled black Europeans to say about themselves and their communities.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394457
    Publication Date: 2012-03-06
    author-list-text: Tina M. Campt
    1. Tina M. Campt
    contrib-author: Tina M. Campt
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394457
    illustrations-note: 118 photographs, 10 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350569
    isbn-paper: 9780822350743
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Campt explores the affective resonances of two archives of Black European photographs for those pictured, their families, and the community. Image Matters looks at photograph collections of four Black German families taken between 1900 and the end of World War II and a set of portraits of Afro-Caribbean migrants to Britain taken at a photographic studio in Birmingham between 1948 and 1960.

    subtitle: Archive, Photography, and the African Diaspora in Europe
  • Imagine Otherwise
    Author(s): Chuh, Kandice

    Imagine Otherwise is an incisive critique of the field of Asian American studies. Recognizing that the rubric "Asian American" elides crucial differences, Kandice Chuh argues for reframing Asian American studies as a study defined not by its subjects and objects, but by its critique. Toward that end, she urges the foregrounding of the constructedness of "Asian American" formations and shows how this understanding of the field provides the basis for continuing to use the term "Asian American" in light of—and in spite of—contemporary critiques about its limitations.

    Drawing on the insights of poststructuralist theory, postcolonial studies, and investigations of transnationalism, Imagine Otherwise conceives of Asian American literature and U.S. legal discourse as theoretical texts to be examined for the normative claims about race, gender, and sexuality that they put forth. Reading government and legal documents, novels including Carlos Bulosan's America Is in the Heart, John Okada's No-No Boy, Chang-rae Lee's A Gesture Life, Ronyoung Kim's Clay Walls, and Lois Ann Yamanaka's Blu's Hanging, and the short stories "Immigration Blues" by Bienvenido Santos and "High-Heeled Shoes" by Hisaye Yamamoto, Chuh works through Filipino American and Korean American identity formation and Japanese American internment during World War II as she negotiates the complex and sometimes tense differences that constitute 'Asian America' and Asian American studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384427
    Publication Date: 2003-03-27
    author-list-text: Kandice Chuh
    1. Kandice Chuh
    contrib-author: Kandice Chuh
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384427
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331049
    isbn-paper: 9780822331407
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A critical examination of what constitutes the varied positions grouped together as Asian American, seen in relation to both American and transnational forces.

    subtitle: On Asian Americanist Critique
  • Imagined Globalization
    Author(s): García Canclini, Néstor; Yúdice, George

    A leading figure in cultural studies worldwide, Néstor García Canclini is a Latin American thinker who has consistently sought to understand the impact of globalization on the relations between Latin America, Europe, and the United States, and among Latin American countries. In this book, newly available in English, he considers how globalization is imagined by artists, academics, migrants, and entrepreneurs, all of whom traverse boundaries and, at times, engage in conflicted or negotiated multicultural interactions.

    García Canclini contrasts the imaginaries of previous migrants to the Americas with those who live in transnational circuits today. He integrates metaphor and narrative, working through philosophical, anthropological, and socioeconomically grounded interpretations of art, literature, crafts, media, and other forms of expression toward his conclusion that globalization is, in important ways, a collection of heterogeneous narratives. García Canclini advocates global imaginaries that generate new strategies for dealing with contingency and produce new forms of citizenship oriented toward multiple social configurations rather than homogenization. This edition of Imagined Globalization includes a significant new introduction by George Yúdice and an interview in which the cultural theorist Toby Miller and García Canclini touch on events including the Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378891
    Publication Date: 2014-03-07
    author-list-text: Néstor García Canclini and George Yúdice
    1. Néstor García Canclini and
    2. George Yúdice
    contrib-author: Néstor García Canclini
    contrib-translator: George Yúdice
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822378891
    illustrations-note: 14 color illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354611
    isbn-paper: 9780822354734
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America in translation/en traducción/em tradução

    A leading figure in cultural studies worldwide, Néstor García Canclini is a Latin American thinker who has consistently sought to understand the impact of globalization. In this book, newly available in English, he considers how globalization is imagined by artists, academics, migrants, and entrepreneurs, all of whom traverse boundaries and engage in multicultural interactions.

  • Imagining Interest in Political Thought
    Author(s): Engelmann, Stephen G.

    Imagining Interest in Political Thought argues that monistic interest—or the shaping and coordination of different pursuits through imagined economies of self and public interest—constitutes the end and means of contemporary liberal government. The paradigmatic theorist of monistic interest is the English political philosopher Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832), whose concept of utilitarianism calls for maximization of pleasure by both individuals and the state. Stephen G. Engelmann contends that commentators have too quickly dismissed Bentham’s philosophy as a crude materialism with antiliberal tendencies. He places Benthamite utilitarianism at the center of his account and, in so doing, reclaims Bentham for liberal political theory.

    Tracing the development of monistic interest from its origins in Reformation political theory and theology through late-twentieth-century neoliberalism, Engelmann reconceptualizes the history of liberalism as consisting of phases in the history of monistic interest or economic government. He describes how monistic interest, as formulated by Bentham, is made up of the individual’s imagined expectations, which are constructed by the very regime that maximizes them. He asserts that this construction of interests is not the work of a self-serving manipulative state. Rather, the state, which is itself subject to strict economic regulation, is only one cluster of myriad "public" and "private" agencies that produce and coordinate expectations. In place of a liberal vision in which government appears only as a protector of the free pursuit of interest, Engelmann posits that the free pursuit of interest is itself a mode of government, one that deploys individual imagination and choice as its agents.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384946
    Publication Date: 2003-08-15
    author-list-text: Stephen G. Engelmann
    1. Stephen G. Engelmann
    contrib-author: Stephen G. Engelmann
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384946
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331353
    isbn-paper: 9780822331223
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Engelmann revisits Jeremy Bentham's work in the context of later liberal political theorists.

    subtitle: Origins of Economic Rationality
  • Imagining la Chica Moderna
    Author(s): Hershfield, Joanne

    In the years following the Mexican Revolution, visual images of la chica moderna, the modern woman, au courant in appearance and attitude, popped up in mass media across the country. Some of the images were addressed directly to women through advertisements, as illustrations accompanying articles in women’s magazines, and on the “women’s pages” in daily newspapers. Others illustrated domestic and international news stories, promoted tourism, or publicized the latest Mexican and Hollywood films. In Imagining la Chica Moderna, Joanne Hershfield examines these images, exploring how the modern woman was envisioned in Mexican popular culture and how she figured into postrevolutionary contestations over Mexican national identity.

    Through her detailed interpretations of visual representations of la chica moderna, Hershfield demonstrates how the images embodied popular ideas and anxieties about sexuality, work, motherhood, and feminine beauty, as well as class and ethnicity. Her analysis takes into account the influence of mexicanidad, the vision of Mexican national identity promoted by successive postrevolutionary administrations, and the fashions that arrived in Mexico from abroad, particularly from Paris, New York, and Hollywood. She considers how ideals of the modern housewife were promoted to Mexican women through visual culture; how working women were represented in illustrated periodicals and in the Mexican cinema; and how images of traditional “types” of Mexican women, such as la china poblana (the rural woman), came to define a “domestic exotic” form of modern femininity. Scrutinizing photographs of Mexican women that accompanied articles in the Mexican press during the 1920s and 1930s, Hershfield reflects on the ways that the real and the imagined came together in the production of la chica moderna.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389286
    Publication Date: 2008-06-06
    author-list-text: Joanne Hershfield
    1. Joanne Hershfield
    contrib-author: Joanne Hershfield
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389286
    illustrations-note: 68 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342212
    isbn-paper: 9780822342380
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A look at how the modern woman was envisioned in postrevolutionary Mexican popular culture and how she figured in contestations over Mexican national identity.

    subtitle: Women, Nation, and Visual Culture in Mexico, 1917–1936
  • Imagining Our Americas
    Author(s): Shukla, Sandhya; Tinsman, Heidi

    This rich interdisciplinary collection of essays advocates and models a hemispheric approach to the study of the Americas. Taken together, the essays examine North and South America, the Caribbean, and the Pacific as a broad region transcending both national boundaries and the dichotomy between North and South. In the volume’s substantial introduction, the editors, an anthropologist and a historian, explain the need to move beyond the paradigm of U.S. American Studies and Latin American Studies as two distinct fields. They point out the Cold War origins of area studies, and they note how many of the Americas’ most significant social formations have spanned borders if not continents: diverse and complex indigenous societies, European conquest and colonization, African slavery, Enlightenment-based independence movements, mass immigrations, and neoliberal economies.

    Scholars of literature, ethnic studies, and regional studies as well as of anthropology and history, the contributors focus on the Americas as a broadly conceived geographic, political, and cultural formation. Among the essays are explorations of the varied histories of African Americans’ presence in Mexican and Chicano communities, the different racial and class meanings that the Colombian musical genre cumbia assumes as it is absorbed across national borders, and the contrasting visions of anticolonial struggle embodied in the writings of two literary giants and national heroes: José Martí of Cuba and José Rizal of the Philippines. One contributor shows how a pidgin-language mixture of Japanese, Hawaiian, and English allowed second-generation Japanese immigrants to critique Hawaii’s plantation labor system as well as Japanese hierarchies of gender, generation, and race. Another examines the troubled history of U.S. gay and lesbian solidarity with the Cuban Revolution. Building on and moving beyond previous scholarship, this collection illuminates the productive intellectual and political lines of inquiry opened by a focus on the Americas.

    Contributors. Rachel Adams, Victor Bascara, John D. Blanco, Alyosha Goldstein, Héctor Fernández L’Hoeste, Ian Lekus, Caroline F. Levander, Susan Y. Najita, Rebecca Schreiber, Sandhya Shukla, Harilaos Stecopoulos, Michelle Stephens, Heidi Tinsman, Nick Turse, Rob Wilson

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389958
    Publication Date: 2007-06-29
    contrib-editor: Sandhya Shukla; Heidi Tinsman
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389958
    illustrations-note: 12 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339502
    isbn-paper: 9780822339618
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical Perspectives

    Challenges the disciplinary boundaries and the assumptions underlying the fields of Latin American Studies and American/U.S. Studies, demonstrating that the "Americas" is a concept that transcends geographical place.

    subtitle: Toward a Transnational Frame
  • Imagining Transgender
    Author(s): Valentine, David

    Imagining Transgender is an ethnography of the emergence and institutionalization of transgender as a category of collective identity and political activism. Embraced by activists in the early 1990s to advocate for gender-variant people, the category quickly gained momentum in public health, social service, scholarly, and legislative contexts. Working as a safer-sex activist in Manhattan during the late 1990s, David Valentine conducted ethnographic research among mostly male-to-female transgender-identified people at drag balls, support groups, cross-dresser organizations, clinics, bars, and clubs. However, he found that many of those labeled “transgender” by activists did not know the term or resisted its use. Instead, they self-identified as “gay,” a category of sexual rather than gendered identity and one rejected in turn by the activists who claimed these subjects as transgender. Valentine analyzes the reasons for and potential consequences of this difference, and how social theory is implicated in it.

    Valentine argues that “transgender” has been adopted so rapidly in the contemporary United States because it clarifies a model of gender and sexuality that has been gaining traction within feminism, psychiatry, and mainstream gay and lesbian politics since the 1970s: a paradigm in which gender and sexuality are distinct arenas of human experience. This distinction and the identity categories based on it erase the experiences of some gender-variant people—particularly poor persons of color—who conceive of gender and sexuality in other terms. While recognizing the important advances transgender has facilitated, Valentine argues that a broad vision of social justice must include, simultaneously, an attentiveness to the politics of language and a recognition of how social theoretical models and broader political economies are embedded in the day-to-day politics of identity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390213
    Publication Date: 2007-08-09
    author-list-text: David Valentine
    1. David Valentine
    contrib-author: David Valentine
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390213
    illustrations-note: 7 illustrations, 3 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338536
    isbn-paper: 9780822338697
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    An ethnography in which the author’s fieldwork with transgendered and transsexual individuals in New York City demonstrates the creation and confusion of gender identity labels.

    subtitle: An Ethnography of a Category
  • Imitation of Life
    Author(s): Hurst, Fannie; Itzkovitz, Daniel

    A bestseller in 1933, and subsequently adapted into two beloved and controversial films, Imitation of Life has played a vital role in ongoing conversations about race, femininity, and the American Dream. Bea Pullman, a white single mother, and her African American maid, Delilah Johnston, also a single mother, rear their daughters together and become business partners. Combining Bea’s business savvy with Delilah’s irresistible southern recipes, they build an Aunt Jemima-like waffle business and an international restaurant empire. Yet their public success brings them little happiness. Bea is torn between her responsibilities as a businesswoman and those of a mother; Delilah is devastated when her light-skinned daughter, Peola, moves away to pass as white. Imitation of Life struck a chord in the 1930s, and it continues to resonate powerfully today.

    The author of numerous bestselling novels, a masterful short story writer, and an outspoken social activist, Fannie Hurst was a major celebrity in the first half of the twentieth century. Daniel Itzkovitz’s introduction situates Imitation of Life in its literary, biographical, and cultural contexts, addressing such topics as the debates over the novel and films, the role of Hurst’s one-time secretary and great friend Zora Neale Hurston in the novel’s development, and the response to the novel by Hurst’s friend Langston Hughes, whose one-act satire, “Limitations of Life” (which reverses the races of Bea and Delilah), played to a raucous Harlem crowd in the late 1930s. This edition brings a classic of popular American literature back into print.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386070
    Publication Date: 2004-11-16
    author-list-text: Fannie Hurst
    1. Fannie Hurst
    contrib-author: Fannie Hurst
    contrib-editor: Daniel Itzkovitz
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822386070
    illustrations-note: 6 b&w photos, 1 line drawing
    isbn-paper: 9780822333241
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A reprint of the 1933 classic novel, the basis for two film versions, with a new introduciton.

  • Imitations of Life
    Author(s): McReynolds, Louise; Neuberger, Joan; Stites, Richard; Buckler, Julie

    Imitations of Life views Russian melodrama from the eighteenth century to today as an unexpectedly hospitable forum for considering social issues. The contributors follow the evolution of the genre through a variety of cultural practices and changing political scenarios. They argue that Russian audiences have found a particular type of comfort in this mode of entertainment that invites them to respond emotionally rather than politically to social turmoil.

    Drawing on a wide variety of sources, including plays, lachrymose novels, popular movies, and even highly publicized funerals and political trials, the essays in Imitations of Life argue that melodrama has consistently offered models of behavior for times of transition, and that contemporary televised versions of melodrama continue to help Russians cope with national events that they understand implicitly but are not yet able to articulate. In contrast to previous studies, this collection argues for a reading that takes into account the subtle but pointed challenges to national politics and to gender and class hierarchies made in melodramatic works from both the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Collectively, the contributors shift and cross borders, illustrating how the cultural dismissal of melodrama as fundamentally escapist and targeted primarily at the politically disenfranchised has subverted the drama’s own intrinsically subversive virtues.

    Imitations of Life will interest students and scholars of contemporary Russia, and Russian history, literature, and theater.

    Contributors. Otto Boele, Julie Buckler, Julie Cassiday, Susan Costanzo, Helena Goscilo, Beth Holmgren, Lars Lih, Louise McReynolds, Joan Neuberger, Alexander Prokhorov, Richard Stites

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380573
    Publication Date: 2002-03-08
    author-list-text: Richard Stites and Julie Buckler
    1. Richard Stites and
    2. Julie Buckler
    contrib-editor: Louise McReynolds; Joan Neuberger
    contrib-other: Richard Stites; Julie Buckler
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822380573
    illustrations-note: 35 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327806
    isbn-paper: 9780822327905
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Uses the under-studied genre of melodrama as a critical prism for understanding Russian/Soviet history, politics and culture--in particular, the uses to which popular culture was put in the Soviet period.

    subtitle: Two Centuries of Melodrama in Russia
  • Immanuel Wallerstein and the Problem of the World
    Author(s): Palumbo-Liu, David; Tanoukhi, Nirvana; Robbins, Bruce; Lee, Richard E.; Moretti, Franco

    In this collection of essays, leading cultural theorists consider the meaning and implications of world-scale humanist scholarship by engaging with Immanuel Wallerstein’s world-systems analysis. The renowned sociologist developed his influential critical framework to explain the historical and continuing exploitation of the rest of the world by the West. World-systems analysis reflects Wallerstein’s conviction that understanding global inequality requires thinking on a global scale. Humanists have often criticized his theory as insufficiently attentive to values and objects of knowledge such as culture, agency, difference, subjectivity, and the local. The editors of this collection do not deny the validity of those criticisms; instead, they offer Wallerstein’s world-systems analysis as a well-developed vision of the world scale for humanists to think with and against. Scholars of comparative literature, gender, geography, history, law, race, and sociology consider what thinking on the world scale might mean for particular disciplinary practices, knowledge formations, and objects of study. Several essays offer broader reflections on what is at stake for the study of culture in decisions to adopt or reject world-scale thinking. In a brief essay, Immanuel Wallerstein situates world-systems analysis vis-à-vis the humanities.

    Contributors. Gopal Balakrishnan, Tani E. Barlow, Neil Brenner, Richard E. Lee, Franco Moretti, David Palumbo-Liu, Bruce Robbins, Helen Stacy, Nirvana Tanoukhi, Immanuel Wallerstein, Kären Wigen

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393344
    Publication Date: 2011-01-28
    author-list-text: Richard E. Lee and Franco Moretti
    1. Richard E. Lee and
    2. Franco Moretti
    contrib-editor: David Palumbo-Liu; Nirvana Tanoukhi; Bruce Robbins
    contrib-other: Richard E. Lee; Franco Moretti
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393344
    illustrations-note: 16 photographs, 2 tables, 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348344
    isbn-paper: 9780822348481
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Leading cultural theorists consider the meaning and implications of world-scale humanist scholarship by engaging with Immanuel Wallerstein s world-systems analysis.

    subtitle: System, Scale, Culture
  • Immediations
    Author(s): Rangan, Pooja

    Endangered life is often used to justify humanitarian media intervention, but what if suffering humanity is both the fuel and outcome of such media representations? Pooja Rangan argues that this vicious circle is the result of immediation, a prevailing documentary ethos that seeks to render human suffering urgent and immediate at all costs. Rangan interrogates this ethos in films seeking to “give a voice to the voiceless,” an established method of validating the humanity of marginalized subjects, including children, refugees, autistics, and animals. She focuses on multiple examples of documentary subjects being invited to demonstrate their humanity: photography workshops for the children of sex workers in Calcutta; live eyewitness reporting by Hurricane Katrina survivors; attempts to facilitate speech in nonverbal autistics; and painting lessons for elephants. These subjects are obliged to represent themselves using immediations—tropes that reinforce their status as the “other” and reproduce definitions of the human that exclude non-normative modes of thinking, being, and doing. To counter these effects, Rangan calls for an approach to media that aims not to humanize but to realize the full, radical potential of giving the camera to the other.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373100
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    author-list-text: Pooja Rangan
    1. Pooja Rangan
    contrib-author: Pooja Rangan
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373100
    illustrations-note: 34 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363552
    isbn-paper: 9780822363712
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a Camera Obscura Book

    Pooja Rangan interrogates participatory documentary's humanitarian ethos of "giving a voice to the voiceless" in documentaries featuring marginalized subjects, showing how it reinforces the films' subjects as the "other" and reproduces definitions of the human that exclude non-normative modes of thinking, being, and doing.

    subtitle: The Humanitarian Impulse in Documentary
  • Immigrant Acts
    Author(s): Lowe, Lisa

    In Immigrant Acts, Lisa Lowe argues that understanding Asian immigration to the United States is fundamental to understanding the racialized economic and political foundations of the nation. Lowe discusses the contradictions whereby Asians have been included in the workplaces and markets of the U.S. nation-state, yet, through exclusion laws and bars from citizenship, have been distanced from the terrain of national culture.

    Lowe argues that a national memory haunts the conception of Asian American, persisting beyond the repeal of individual laws and sustained by U.S. wars in Asia, in which the Asian is seen as the perpetual immigrant, as the “foreigner-within.” In Immigrant Acts, she argues that rather than attesting to the absorption of cultural difference into the universality of the national political sphere, the Asian immigrant—at odds with the cultural, racial, and linguistic forms of the nation—displaces the temporality of assimilation. Distance from the American national culture constitutes Asian American culture as an alternative site that produces cultural forms materially and aesthetically in contradiction with the institutions of citizenship and national identity. Rather than a sign of a “failed” integration of Asians into the American cultural sphere, this critique preserves and opens up different possibilities for political practice and coalition across racial and national borders.

    In this uniquely interdisciplinary study, Lowe examines the historical, political, cultural, and aesthetic meanings of immigration in relation to Asian Americans. Extending the range of Asian American critique, Immigrant Acts will interest readers concerned with race and ethnicity in the United States, American cultures, immigration, and transnationalism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379010
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Lisa Lowe
    1. Lisa Lowe
    contrib-author: Lisa Lowe
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822379010
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318583
    isbn-paper: 9780822318644
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: On Asian American Cultural Politics
  • Imperial Blues
    Author(s): Ngô, Fiona I. B.

    In this pathbreaking study, Fiona I. B. Ngô examines how geographies of U.S. empire were perceived and enacted during the 1920s and 1930s. Focusing on New York during the height of the Harlem Renaissance, Ngô traces the city's multiple circuits of jazz music and culture. In considering this cosmopolitan milieu, where immigrants from the Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Japan, and China crossed paths with blacks and white "slummers" in dancehalls and speakeasies, she investigates imperialism's profound impact on racial, gendered, and sexual formations. As nightclubs overflowed with the sights and sounds of distant continents, tropical islands, and exotic bodies, tropes of empire provided both artistic possibilities and policing rationales. These renderings naturalized empire and justified expansion, while establishing transnational modes of social control within and outside the imperial city. Ultimately, Ngô argues that domestic structures of race and sex during the 1920s and 1930s cannot be understood apart from the imperial ambitions of the United States.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377337
    Publication Date: 2014-02-03
    author-list-text: Fiona I. B. Ngô
    1. Fiona I. B. Ngô
    contrib-author: Fiona I. B. Ngô
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377337
    illustrations-note: 11 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355243
    isbn-paper: 9780822355397
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Focusing on the representations of distant lands and exotic bodies that filled the nightclubs of Jazz Age New York, Fiona I. B. Ngô shows how U.S. ambitions abroad shaped racial, gendered, and sexual formations at home.

    subtitle: Geographies of Race and Sex in Jazz Age New York
  • Imperial Debris
    Author(s): Stoler, Ann Laura

    Imperial Debris redirects critical focus from ruins as evidence of the past to "ruination" as the processes through which imperial power occupies the present. Ann Laura Stoler's introduction is a manifesto, a compelling call for postcolonial studies to expand its analytical scope to address the toxic but less perceptible corrosions and violent accruals of colonial aftermaths, as well as their durable traces on the material environment and people's bodies and minds. In their provocative, tightly focused responses to Stoler, the contributors explore subjects as seemingly diverse as villages submerged during the building of a massive dam in southern India, Palestinian children taught to envision and document ancestral homes razed by the Israeli military, and survival on the toxic edges of oil refineries and amid the remains of apartheid in Durban, South Africa. They consider the significance of Cold War imagery of a United States decimated by nuclear blast, perceptions of a swath of Argentina's Gran Chaco as a barbarous void, and the enduring resonance, in contemporary sexual violence, of atrocities in King Leopold's Congo. Reflecting on the physical destruction of Sri Lanka, on Detroit as a colonial metropole in relation to sites of ruination in the Amazon, and on interactions near a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Brazilian state of Bahia, the contributors attend to present-day harms in the occluded, unexpected sites and situations where earlier imperial formations persist.

    Contributors. Ariella Azoulay, John F. Collins, Sharad Chari, E. Valentine Daniel, Gastón Gordillo, Greg Grandin, Nancy Rose Hunt, Joseph Masco, Vyjayanthi Venuturupalli Rao, Ann Laura Stoler

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395850
    Publication Date: 2013-04-19
    contrib-editor: Ann Laura Stoler
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822395850
    illustrations-note: 29 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353485
    isbn-paper: 9780822353614
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Imperial Debris redirects scholarly focus away from ruins as evidence of the past to "ruination" as the processes through which imperial power occupies the environment, and bodies and minds, in the present.

    subtitle: On Ruins and Ruination
  • Imperial Subjects
    Author(s): Fisher, Andrew B.; O'Hara, Matthew D.; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    In colonial Latin America, social identity did not correlate neatly with fixed categories of race and ethnicity. As Imperial Subjects demonstrates, from the early years of Spanish and Portuguese rule, understandings of race and ethnicity were fluid. In this collection, historians offer nuanced interpretations of identity as they investigate how Iberian settlers, African slaves, Native Americans, and their multi-ethnic progeny understood who they were as individuals, as members of various communities, and as imperial subjects. The contributors’ explorations of the relationship between colonial ideologies of difference and the identities historical actors presented span the entire colonial period and beyond: from early contact to the legacy of colonial identities in the new republics of the nineteenth century. The volume includes essays on the major colonial centers of Mexico, Peru, and Brazil, as well as the Caribbean basin and the imperial borderlands.

    Whether analyzing cases in which the Inquisition found that the individuals before it were “legally” Indians and thus exempt from prosecution, or considering late-eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century petitions for declarations of whiteness that entitled the mixed-race recipients to the legal and social benefits enjoyed by whites, the book’s contributors approach the question of identity by examining interactions between imperial subjects and colonial institutions. Colonial mandates, rulings, and legislation worked in conjunction with the exercise and negotiation of power between individual officials and an array of social actors engaged in countless brief interactions. Identities emerged out of the interplay between internalized understandings of self and group association and externalized social norms and categories.

    Contributors. Karen D. Caplan, R. Douglas Cope, Mariana L. R. Dantas, María Elena Díaz, Andrew B. Fisher, Jane Mangan, Jeremy Ravi Mumford, Matthew D. O’Hara, Cynthia Radding, Sergio Serulnikov, Irene Silverblatt, David Tavárez, Ann Twinam

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392101
    Publication Date: 2009-04-01
    author-list-text: Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Walter D. Mignolo,
    2. Irene Silverblatt and
    3. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-editor: Andrew B. Fisher; Matthew D. O'Hara
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392101
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344018
    isbn-paper: 9780822344209
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    Historical investigations into how Iberian settlers, African slaves, Native Americans, and their multiethnic progeny understood their identities in colonial Latin America.

    subtitle: Race and Identity in Colonial Latin America
  • Imperialism and the Corruption of Democracies
    Author(s): Lebovics, Herman

    In this important volume, Herman Lebovics, a preeminent cultural historian of France, develops a historical argument with striking contemporary relevance: empire abroad inevitably undermines democracy at home. These essays, which Lebovics wrote over the past decade, demonstrate the impressive intellectual range of his work. Focusing primarily on France and to a lesser extent on the United Kingdom, he shows how empire and its repercussions have pervaded—and corroded—Western cultural, intellectual, and social life from the mid-nineteenth century to the present.

    Some essays explore why modern Western democratic societies needed colonialism. Among these is an examination of the seventeenth-century philosopher John Locke’s prescient conclusion that liberalism could only control democratic forces with the promise of greater wealth enabled by empire. In other essays Lebovics considers the relation between overseas rule and domestic life. Discussing George Orwell’s tale “Shooting an Elephant” and the careers of two colonial officers (one British and one French), he contemplates the ruinous authoritarianism that develops among the administrators of empire. Lebovics considers Pierre Bourdieu’s thinking about how colonialism affected metropolitan French life, and he reflects on the split between sociology and ethnology, which was partly based on a desire among intellectuals to think one way about metropolitan populations and another about colonial subjects. Turning to the arts, Lebovics traces how modernists used the colonial “exotic” to escape the politicized and contested modernity of the urban West. Imperialism and the Corruption of Democracies is a compelling case for cultural history as a key tool for understanding the injurious effects of imperialism and its present-day manifestations within globalization.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387794
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Herman Lebovics
    1. Herman Lebovics
    contrib-author: Herman Lebovics
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387794
    illustrations-note: 14 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336617
    isbn-paper: 9780822336976
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
  • Impersonal Passion
    Author(s): Riley, Denise

    Denise Riley is renowned as a feminist theorist and a poet and for her remarkable refiguring of familiar but intransigent problems of identity, expression, language, and politics. In Impersonal Passion, she turns to everyday complex emotional and philosophical problems of speaking and listening. Her provocative meditations suggest that while the emotional power of language is impersonal, this impersonality paradoxically constitutes the personal.

    In nine linked essays, Riley deftly unravels the rhetoric of life’s absurdities and urgencies, its comforts and embarrassments, to insist on the forcible affect of language itself. She teases out the emotional complexities of such quotidian matters as what she ironically terms the right to be lonely in the face of the imperative to be social or the guilt associated with feeling as if you’re lying when you aren’t. Impersonal Passion reinvents questions from linguistics, the philosophy of language, and cultural theory in an illuminating new idiom: the compelling emotion of the language of the everyday.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386780
    Publication Date: 2005-03-18
    author-list-text: Denise Riley
    1. Denise Riley
    contrib-author: Denise Riley
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386780
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335009
    isbn-paper: 9780822335122
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A collection of essays on the everyday workings of language and how language shapes our social and political existence.

    subtitle: Language as Affect
  • Imposing Decency
    Author(s): Findlay, Eileen J. Suárez

    Feminists, socialists, Afro-Puerto Rican activists, and elite politicians join laundresses, prostitutes, and dissatisfied wives in populating the pages of Imposing Decency. Through her analyses of Puerto Rican anti-prostitution campaigns, attempts at reforming marriage, and working-class ideas about free love, Eileen J. Suárez Findlay exposes the race-related double standards of sexual norms and practices in Puerto Rico between 1870 and 1920, the period that witnessed Puerto Rico’s shift from Spanish to U.S. colonialism.

    In showing how political projects and alliances in Puerto Rico were affected by racially contingent definitions of “decency” and “disreputability,” Findlay argues that attempts at moral reform and the state’s repression of “sexually dangerous” women were weapons used in batttles between elite and popular, American and Puerto Rican, and black and white. Based on a thorough analysis of popular and elite discourses found in both literature and official archives, Findlay contends that racialized sexual norms and practices were consistently a central component in the construction of social and political orders. The campaigns she analyzes include an attempt at moral reform by elite male liberals and a movement designed to enhance the family and cleanse urban space that ultimately translated into repression against symbollically darkened prostitutes. Findlay also explores how U.S. officials strove to construct a new colonial order by legalizing divorce and how feminist, labor, and Afro-Puerto Rican political demands escalated after World War I, often focusing on the rehabilitation and defense of prostitutes.

    Imposing Decency forces us to rethink previous interpretations of political chronologies as well as reigning conceptualizations of both liberalism and the early working-class in Puerto Rico. Her work will appeal to scholars with an interest in Puerto Rican or Latin American studies, sexuality and national identity, women in Latin America, and general women’s studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397014
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Eileen J. Suárez Findlay
    1. Eileen J. Suárez Findlay
    contrib-author: Eileen J. Suárez Findlay
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822397014
    illustrations-note: 15 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323754
    isbn-paper: 9780822323969
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American encounters/global interactions
    subtitle: The Politics of Sexuality and Race in Puerto Rico, 1870–1920
  • Imposing Harmony
    Author(s): Baker, Geoffrey

    Imposing Harmony is a groundbreaking analysis of the role of music and musicians in the social and political life of colonial Cuzco. Challenging musicology’s cathedral-centered approach to the history of music in colonial Latin America, Geoffrey Baker demonstrates that rather than being dominated by the cathedral, Cuzco’s musical culture was remarkably decentralized. He shows that institutions such as parish churches and monasteries employed indigenous professional musicians, rivaling Cuzco Cathedral in the scale and frequency of the musical performances they staged.

    Building on recent scholarship by social historians and urban musicologists and drawing on extensive archival research, Baker highlights European music as a significant vehicle for reproducing and contesting power relations in Cuzco. He examines how Andean communities embraced European music, creating an extraordinary cultural florescence, at the same time that Spanish missionaries used the music as a mechanism of colonialization and control. Uncovering a musical life of considerable and unexpected richness throughout the diocese of Cuzco, Baker describes a musical culture sustained by both Hispanic institutional patrons and the upper strata of indigenous society. Mastery of European music enabled elite Andeans to consolidate their position within the colonial social hierarchy. Indigenous professional musicians distinguished themselves by fulfilling important functions in colonial society, acting as educators, religious leaders, and mediators between the Catholic Church and indigenous communities.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388753
    Publication Date: 2008-03-03
    author-list-text: Geoffrey Baker
    1. Geoffrey Baker
    contrib-author: Geoffrey Baker
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388753
    illustrations-note: 16 b&w illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341369
    isbn-paper: 9780822341604
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Imposing Harmony offers an analysis of the role of music and musicians in the social and political life of colonial Cuzco.

    subtitle: Music and Society in Colonial Cuzco
  • Impossible Citizens
    Author(s): Vora, Neha

    Indian communities have existed in the Gulf emirate of Dubai for more than a century. Since the 1970s, workers from South Asia have flooded into the emirate, enabling Dubai's huge construction boom. They now compose its largest noncitizen population. Though many migrant families are middle-class and second-, third-, or even fourth-generation residents, Indians cannot become legal citizens of the United Arab Emirates. Instead, they are all classified as temporary guest workers. In Impossible Citizens, Neha Vora draws on her ethnographic research in Dubai's Indian-dominated downtown to explore how Indians live suspended in a state of permanent temporariness.

    While their legal status defines them as perpetual outsiders, Indians are integral to the Emirati nation-state and its economy. At the same time, Indians—even those who have established thriving diasporic neighborhoods in the emirate—disavow any interest in formally belonging to Dubai and instead consider India their home. Vora shows how these multiple and conflicting logics of citizenship and belonging contribute to new understandings of contemporary citizenship, migration, and national identity, ones that differ from liberal democratic models and that highlight how Indians, rather than Emiratis, are the quintessential—yet impossible—citizens of Dubai.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397533
    Publication Date: 2013-02-25
    author-list-text: Neha Vora
    1. Neha Vora
    contrib-author: Neha Vora
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822397533
    illustrations-note: 14 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353782
    isbn-paper: 9780822353935
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Since the 1970s, Indian workers have flooded into Dubai, enabling its construction boom. Barred from becoming citizens, they comprise the emirate's largest noncitizen population. Neha Vora examines their existence in a state of permanent temporariness.

    subtitle: Dubai’s Indian Diaspora
  • Impossible Desires
    Author(s): Gopinath, Gayatri; Halberstam, Judith; Lowe, Lisa

    By bringing queer theory to bear on ideas of diaspora, Gayatri Gopinath produces both a more compelling queer theory and a more nuanced understanding of diaspora. Focusing on queer female diasporic subjectivity, Gopinath develops a theory of diaspora apart from the logic of blood, authenticity, and patrilineal descent that she argues invariably forms the core of conventional formulations. She examines South Asian diasporic literature, film, and music in order to suggest alternative ways of conceptualizing community and collectivity across disparate geographic locations. Her agile readings challenge nationalist ideologies by bringing to light that which has been rendered illegible or impossible within diaspora: the impure, inauthentic, and nonreproductive.

    Gopinath juxtaposes diverse texts to indicate the range of oppositional practices, subjectivities, and visions of collectivity that fall outside not only mainstream narratives of diaspora, colonialism, and nationalism but also most projects of liberal feminism and gay and lesbian politics and theory. She considers British Asian music of the 1990s alongside alternative media and cultural practices. Among the fictional works she discusses are V. S. Naipaul’s classic novel A House for Mr. Biswas, Ismat Chughtai’s short story “The Quilt,” Monica Ali’s Brick Lane, Shyam Selvadurai’s Funny Boy, and Shani Mootoo’s Cereus Blooms at Night. Analyzing films including Deepa Mehta’s controversial Fire and Mira Nair’s Monsoon Wedding, she pays particular attention to how South Asian diasporic feminist filmmakers have reworked Bollywood’s strategies of queer representation and to what is lost or gained in this process of translation. Gopinath’s readings are dazzling, and her theoretical framework transformative and far-reaching.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386537
    Publication Date: 2005-03-29
    author-list-text: Gayatri Gopinath, Judith Halberstam and Lisa Lowe
    1. Gayatri Gopinath,
    2. Judith Halberstam and
    3. Lisa Lowe
    contrib-author: Gayatri Gopinath
    contrib-series-editor: Judith Halberstam; Lisa Lowe
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386537
    illustrations-note: 12 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335016
    isbn-paper: 9780822335139
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Perverse Modernities

    Argues for the uses of queer, feminist transnational theory in order to understanding South Asian and South Asian diasporic identities and cultural production.

    subtitle: Queer Diasporas and South Asian Public Cultures
  • Impossible Purities
    Author(s): Brody, Jennifer DeVere

    Using black feminist theory and African American studies to read Victorian culture, Impossible Purities looks at the construction of “Englishness” as white, masculine, and pure and “Americanness” as black, feminine, and impure. Brody’s readings of Victorian novels, plays, paintings, and science fiction reveal the impossibility of purity and the inevitability of hybridity in representations of ethnicity, sexuality, gender, and race. She amasses a considerable amount of evidence to show that Victorian culture was bound inextricably to various forms and figures of blackness.

    Opening with a reading of Daniel Defoe’s “A True-Born Englishman,” which posits the mixed origins of English identity, Brody goes on to analyze mulattas typified by Rhoda Swartz in William Thackeray’s Vanity Fair, whose mixed-race status reveals the “unseemly origins of English imperial power.” Examining Victorian stage productions from blackface minstrel shows to performances of The Octoroon and Uncle Tom’s Cabin, she explains how such productions depended upon feminized, “black” figures in order to reproduce Englishmen as masculine white subjects. She also discusses H.G. Wells’s The Island of Dr. Moreau in the context of debates about the “new woman,” slavery, and fears of the monstrous degeneration of English gentleman. Impossible Purities concludes with a discussion of Bram Stoker’s novella, “The Lair of the White Worm,” which brings together the book’s concerns with changing racial representations on both sides of the Atlantic.

    This book will be of interest to scholars in Victorian studies, literary theory, African American studies, and cultural criticism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396956
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Jennifer DeVere Brody
    1. Jennifer DeVere Brody
    contrib-author: Jennifer DeVere Brody
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822396956
    illustrations-note: 13 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321057
    isbn-paper: 9780822321200
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Blackness, Femininity, and Victorian Culture
  • Improvisation and Social Aesthetics
    Author(s): Born, Georgina; Lewis, Eric; Straw, Will

    Addressing a wide range of improvised art and music forms—from jazz and cinema to dance and literature—this volume's contributors locate improvisation as a key site of mediation between the social and the aesthetic. As a catalyst for social experiment and political practice, improvisation aids in the creation, contestation, and codification of social realities and identities. Among other topics, the contributors discuss the social aesthetics of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians, the Feminist Improvising Group, and contemporary Malian music, as well as the virtual sociality of interactive computer music, the significance of "uncreative" improvisation, responses to French New Wave cinema, and the work of figures ranging from bell hooks and Billy Strayhorn to Kenneth Goldsmith. Across its diverse chapters, Improvisation and Social Aesthetics argues that ensemble improvisation is not inherently egalitarian or emancipatory, but offers a potential site for the cultivation of new forms of social relations. It sets out a new conceptualization of the aesthetic as immanently social and political, proposing a new paradigm of improvisation studies that will have reverberations throughout the humanities.

    Contributors. Lisa Barg, Georgina Born, David Brackett, Nicholas Cook, Marion Froger, Susan Kozel, Eric Lewis, George E. Lewis, Ingrid Monson, Tracey Nicholls, Winfried Siemerling, Will Straw, Zoë Svendsen, Darren Wershler

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374015
    Publication Date: 2017-03-03
    contrib-editor: Georgina Born; Eric Lewis; Will Straw
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822374015
    illustrations-note: 12 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361787
    isbn-paper: 9780822361947
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Improvisation, Community, and Social Practice

    Addressing a diverse set of improvised art and music forms—from jazz and cinema to dance and literature—this volume traces how the social, political, and the aesthetic relate within the context of improvisation.

  • Improvising Medicine
    Author(s): Livingston, Julie

    In Improvising Medicine, Julie Livingston tells the story of Botswana's only dedicated cancer ward, located in its capital city of Gaborone. This affecting ethnography follows patients, their relatives, and ward staff as a cancer epidemic emerged in Botswana. The epidemic is part of an ongoing surge in cancers across the global south; the stories of Botswana's oncology ward dramatize the human stakes and intellectual and institutional challenges of an epidemic that will shape the future of global health. They convey the contingencies of high-tech medicine in a hospital where vital machines are often broken, drugs go in and out of stock, and bed-space is always at a premium. They also reveal cancer as something that happens between people. Serious illness, care, pain, disfigurement, and even death emerge as deeply social experiences. Livingston describes the cancer ward in terms of the bureaucracy, vulnerability, power, biomedical science, mortality, and hope that shape contemporary experience in southern Africa. Her ethnography is a profound reflection on the social orchestration of hope and futility in an African hospital, the politics and economics of healthcare in Africa, and palliation and disfigurement across the global south.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395768
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Julie Livingston
    1. Julie Livingston
    contrib-author: Julie Livingston
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395768
    illustrations-note: 13 photographs, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353270
    isbn-paper: 9780822353423
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Focused on Botswana's only dedicated oncology ward, Improvising Medicine renders the experiences of patients, their relatives, and clinical staff during a cancer epidemic.

    subtitle: An African Oncology Ward in an Emerging Cancer Epidemic
  • Imre Lakatos and the Guises of Reason
    Author(s): Kadvany, John; Smith, Barbara Herrnstein; Weintraub, E. Roy

    The Hungarian émigré Imre Lakatos (1922–1974) earned a worldwide reputation through the influential philosophy of science debates involving Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend, and Sir Karl Popper. In Imre Lakatos and the Guises of Reason John Kadvany shows that embedded in Lakatos’s English-language work is a remarkable historical philosophy rooted in his Hungarian past. Below the surface of his life as an Anglo-American philosopher of science and mathematics, Lakatos covertly introduced novel transformations of Hegelian and Marxist ideas about historiography, skepticism, criticism, and rationality.

    Lakatos escaped Hungary following the failed 1956 Revolution. Before then, he had been an influential Communist intellectual and was imprisoned for years by the Stalinist regime. He also wrote a lost doctoral thesis in the philosophy of science and participated in what was criminal behavior in all but a legal sense. Kadvany argues that this intellectual and political past animates Lakatos’s English-language philosophy, and that, whether intended or not, Lakatos integrated a penetrating vision of Hegelian ideas with rigorous analysis of mathematical proofs and controversial histories of science.

    Including new applications of Lakatos’s ideas to the histories of mathematical logic and economics and providing lucid exegesis of many of Hegel’s basic ideas, Imre Lakatos and the Guises of Reason is an exciting reconstruction of ideas and episodes from the history of philosophy, science, mathematics, and modern political history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380443
    Publication Date: 2001-03-19
    author-list-text: John Kadvany, Barbara Herrnstein Smith and E. Roy Weintraub
    1. John Kadvany,
    2. Barbara Herrnstein Smith and
    3. E. Roy Weintraub
    contrib-author: John Kadvany
    contrib-series-editor: Barbara Herrnstein Smith; E. Roy Weintraub
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380443
    illustrations-note: 14 photographs, 3 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326601
    isbn-paper: 9780822326496
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Science and Cultural Theory

    An exploration of the philosophy of science and mathematics of Hungarian emigre, Imre Lakatos, demonstrating its contemporary relevance.

  • In an Abusive State
    Author(s): Bumiller, Kristin

    In an Abusive State puts forth a powerful argument: that the feminist campaign to stop sexual violence has entered into a problematic alliance with the neoliberal state. Kristin Bumiller chronicles the evolution of this alliance by examining the history of the anti-violence campaign, the production of cultural images about sexual violence, professional discourses on intimate violence, and the everyday lives of battered women. She also scrutinizes the rhetoric of high-profile rape trials and the expansion of feminist concerns about sexual violence into the international human-rights arena. In the process, Bumiller reveals how the feminist fight against sexual violence has been shaped over recent decades by dramatic shifts in welfare policies, incarceration rates, and the surveillance role of social-service bureaucracies.

    Drawing on archival research, individual case studies, testimonies of rape victims, and interviews with battered women, Bumiller raises fundamental concerns about the construction of sexual violence as a social problem. She describes how placing the issue of sexual violence on the public agenda has polarized gender- and race-based interests. She contends that as the social welfare state has intensified regulation and control, the availability of services for battered women and rape victims has become increasingly linked to their status as victims and their ability to recognize their problems in medical and psychological terms. Bumiller suggests that to counteract these tendencies, sexual violence should primarily be addressed in the context of communities and in terms of its links to social disadvantage. In an Abusive State is an impassioned call for feminists to reflect on how the co-optation of their movement by the neoliberal state creates the potential to inadvertently harm impoverished women and support punitive and racially based crime control efforts.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389071
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Kristin Bumiller
    1. Kristin Bumiller
    contrib-author: Kristin Bumiller
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389071
    illustrations-note: 3 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342205
    isbn-paper: 9780822342397
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A powerful argument that the feminist campaign to address sexual violence has evolved into a problematic alliance with the neoliberal state.

    subtitle: How Neoliberalism Appropriated the Feminist Movement against Sexual Violence
  • In Case of Fire in a Foreign Land
    Author(s): Dorfman, Ariel; Grossman, Edith

    In the world of Chilean poet Ariel Dorfman, men and women can be forced to choose between leaving their country or dying for it. The living risk losing everything, but what they hold onto—love, faith, hope, truth—might change the world. It is this subversive possibility that speaks through these poems. A succession of voices—exiles, activists, separated lovers, the families of those victimized by political violence—gives an account of ruptured safety. They bear witness to the resilience of the human spirit in the face of personal and social damage in the aftermath of terror. The first bilingual edition of Dorfman’s work, In Case of Fire in a Foreign Land includes ten new poems and a new preface, and brings back into print the classic poems of the celebrated Last Waltz in Santiago. Always an eloquent voice against the ravages of inhumanity, Dorfman’s poems, like his acclaimed novels, continue to be a searing testimony of hope in the midst of despair.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383956
    Publication Date: 2002-08-13
    author-list-text: Ariel Dorfman and Edith Grossman
    1. Ariel Dorfman and
    2. Edith Grossman
    contrib-author: Ariel Dorfman
    contrib-translator: Edith Grossman
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383956
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329510
    isbn-paper: 9780822329879
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A collection of poetry bearing witness to atrocities committed by the Chilean dictatorship, describing the realities and aftermath of terror.

    subtitle: New and Collected Poems from Two Languages
  • In Darkness and Secrecy
    Author(s): Whitehead, Neil L.; Wright, Robin; Wilbert, Johannes; Vidal, Silvia M.

    In Darkness and Secrecy brings together ethnographic examinations of Amazonian assault sorcery, witchcraft, and injurious magic, or “dark shamanism.” Anthropological reflections on South American shamanism have tended to emphasize shamans’ healing powers and positive influence. This collection challenges that assumption by showing that dark shamans are, in many Amazonian cultures, quite different from shamanic healers and prophets. Assault sorcery, in particular, involves violence resulting in physical harm or even death. While highlighting the distinctiveness of such practices, In Darkness and Secrecy reveals them as no less relevant to the continuation of culture and society than curing and prophecy. The contributors suggest that the persistence of dark shamanism can be understood as a form of engagement with modernity.

    These essays, by leading anthropologists of South American shamanism, consider assault sorcery as it is practiced in parts of Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela, and Peru. They analyze the social and political dynamics of witchcraft and sorcery and their relation to cosmology, mythology, ritual, and other forms of symbolic violence and aggression in each society studied. They also discuss the relations of witchcraft and sorcery to interethnic contact and the ways that shamanic power may be co-opted by the state. In Darkness and Secrecy includes reflections on the ethical and practical implications of ethnographic investigation of violent cultural practices.

    Contributors. Dominique Buchillet, Carlos Fausto, Michael Heckenberger, Elsje Lagrou, E. Jean Langdon, George Mentore, Donald Pollock, Fernando Santos-Granero, Pamela J. Stewart, Andrew Strathern, Márnio Teixeira-Pinto, Silvia Vidal, Neil L. Whitehead, Johannes Wilbert, Robin Wright

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385837
    Publication Date: 2004-05-13
    author-list-text: Johannes Wilbert and Silvia M. Vidal
    1. Johannes Wilbert and
    2. Silvia M. Vidal
    contrib-editor: Neil L. Whitehead; Robin Wright
    contrib-other: Johannes Wilbert; Silvia M. Vidal
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385837
    illustrations-note: 8 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333333
    isbn-paper: 9780822333456
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    Ethnographic study of shamanism in lowland South America, analyzing the relations between the social, political, and historical dynamics of witchcraft and sorcery.

    subtitle: The Anthropology of Assault Sorcery and Witchcraft in Amazonia
  • In Defense of Honor
    Author(s): Caulfield, Sueann

    In this book Sueann Caulfield explores the changing meanings of honor in early-twentieth-century Brazil, a period that saw an extraordinary proliferation of public debates that linked morality, modernity, honor, and national progress. With a close examination of legal theory on sexual offenses and case law in Rio de Janeiro from the end of World War I to the early years of the Estado Novo dictatorship, Caulfield reveals how everyday interpretations of honor influenced official attitudes and even the law itself as Brazil attempted to modernize.

    While some Brazilian elites used the issue of sexual purity to boast of their country’s moral superiority, others claimed that the veneration of such concepts as virginity actually frustrated efforts at modernization. Moreover, although individuals of all social classes invoked values they considered “traditional,” such as the confinement of women’s sexuality within marriage, these values were at odds with social practices—such as premarital sex, cohabitation, divorce, and female-headed households—that had been common throughout Brazil’s history. The persistence of these practices, together with post-World War I changes in both official and popular moral ideals, presented formidable obstacles to the Estado Novo’s renewed drive to define and enforce public morality and private family values in the late 1930s.

    With sophisticated theoretical underpinnings, In Defense of Honor is written in a clear and lively manner, making it accessible to students and scholars in a variety of disciplines, including Brazilian and Latin American studies, gender studies, and legal history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396987
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Sueann Caulfield
    1. Sueann Caulfield
    contrib-author: Sueann Caulfield
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822396987
    illustrations-note: 1 b&w photograph
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323778
    isbn-paper: 9780822323983
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Sexual Morality, Modernity, and Nation in Early-Twentieth-Century Brazil
  • In from the Cold
    Author(s): Joseph, Gilbert M.; Spenser, Daniela; Rosenberg, Emily S.

    Over the last decade, studies of the Cold War have mushroomed globally. Unfortunately, work on Latin America has not been well represented in either theoretical or empirical discussions of the broader conflict. With some notable exceptions, studies have proceeded in rather conventional channels, focusing on U.S. policy objectives and high-profile leaders (Fidel Castro) and events (the Cuban Missile Crisis) and drawing largely on U.S. government sources. Moreover, only rarely have U.S. foreign relations scholars engaged productively with Latin American historians who analyze how the international conflict transformed the region’s political, social, and cultural life. Representing a collaboration among eleven North American, Latin American, and European historians, anthropologists, and political scientists, this volume attempts to facilitate such a cross-fertilization. In the process, In From the Cold shifts the focus of attention away from the bipolar conflict, the preoccupation of much of the so-called new Cold War history, in order to showcase research, discussion, and an array of new archival and oral sources centering on the grassroots, where conflicts actually brewed.

    The collection’s contributors examine international and everyday contests over political power and cultural representation, focusing on communities and groups above and underground, on state houses and diplomatic board rooms manned by Latin American and international governing elites, on the relations among states regionally, and, less frequently, on the dynamics between the two great superpowers themselves. In addition to charting new directions for research on the Latin American Cold War, In From the Cold seeks to contribute more generally to an understanding of the conflict in the global south.

    Contributors. Ariel C. Armony, Steven J. Bachelor, Thomas S. Blanton, Seth Fein, Piero Gleijeses, Gilbert M. Joseph, Victoria Langland, Carlota McAllister, Stephen Pitti, Daniela Spenser, Eric Zolov

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390664
    Publication Date: 2007-12-21
    author-list-text: Emily S. Rosenberg
    1. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Daniela Spenser
    contrib-series-editor: Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822390664
    illustrations-note: 17 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341024
    isbn-paper: 9780822341215
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions

    Reexamines the Cold War in Latin America by shifting the focus away from superpower decision-making and exploring the many ways in which Latin American leaders and ordinary people used, manipulated, shaped, and were victimized by the Cold War.

    subtitle: Latin America’s New Encounter with the Cold War
  • In Search of First Contact
    Author(s): Kolodny, Annette

    In Search of First Contact is a monumental achievement by the influential literary critic Annette Kolodny. In this book, she offers a radically new interpretation of two medieval Icelandic tales, known as the Vinland sagas. She contends that they are the first known European narratives about contact with North America. After carefully explaining the evidence for that conclusion, Kolodny examines what happened after 1837, when English translations of the two sagas became widely available and enormously popular in the United States. She assesses their impact on literature, immigration policy, and concepts of masculinity.

    Kolodny considers what the sagas reveal about the Native peoples encountered by the Norse in Vinland around the year A.D. 1000, and she recovers Native American stories of first contacts with Europeans, including one that has never before been shared outside of Native communities. These stories contradict the dominant narrative of "first contact" between Europeans and the New World. Kolodny rethinks the lingering power of a mythic American Viking heritage and the long-standing debate over whether Leif Eiriksson or Christopher Columbus should be credited as the first discoverer. With this paradigm-shattering work, Kolodny shows what literary criticism can bring to historical and social scientific endeavors.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395539
    Publication Date: 2012-05-29
    author-list-text: Annette Kolodny
    1. Annette Kolodny
    contrib-author: Annette Kolodny
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395539
    illustrations-note: 10 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352822
    isbn-paper: 9780822352860
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A radically new interpretation of two medieval Icelandic tales, known as the Vinland sagas, considering what the they reveal about native peoples, and how they contribute to the debate about whether Leif Eiriksson or Christopher Columbus should be credited as the first "discoverer" of America.

    subtitle: The Vikings of Vinland, the Peoples of the Dawnland, and the Anglo-American Anxiety of Discovery
  • In Search of the Amazon
    Author(s): Garfield, Seth

    Chronicling the dramatic history of the Brazilian Amazon during the Second World War, Seth Garfield provides fresh perspectives on contemporary environmental debates. His multifaceted analysis explains how the Amazon became the object of geopolitical rivalries, state planning, media coverage, popular fascination, and social conflict. In need of rubber, a vital war material, the United States spent millions of dollars to revive the Amazon's rubber trade. In the name of development and national security, Brazilian officials implemented public programs to engineer the hinterland's transformation. Migrants from Brazil's drought-stricken Northeast flocked to the Amazon in search of work. In defense of traditional ways of life, longtime Amazon residents sought to temper outside intervention. Garfield's environmental history offers an integrated analysis of the struggles among distinct social groups over resources and power in the Amazon, as well as the repercussions of those wartime conflicts in the decades to come.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377177
    Publication Date: 2013-11-15
    author-list-text: Seth Garfield
    1. Seth Garfield
    contrib-author: Seth Garfield
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377177
    illustrations-note: 29 photographs, 7 tables, 4 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355717
    isbn-paper: 9780822355854
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions

    This history of the international, national, and local conflicts surrounding the extraction of resources from the Amazon during the Second World War shows how those conflicts shaped contemporary ideas about the rainforest.

    subtitle: Brazil, the United States, and the Nature of a Region
  • In Search of the Black Panther Party
    Author(s): Lazerow, Jama; Williams, Yohuru; Self, Robert O.; Bush, Rod

    Controversy swirled around the Black Panthers from the moment the revolutionary black nationalist Party was founded in Oakland, California, in 1966. Since that time, the group that J. Edgar Hoover called “the single greatest threat to the nation’s internal security” has been celebrated and denigrated, deified and vilified. Rarely, though, has it received the sort of nuanced analysis offered in this rich interdisciplinary collection. Historians, along with scholars in the fields of political science, English, sociology, and criminal justice, examine the Panthers and their present-day legacy with regard to revolutionary violence, radical ideology, urban politics, popular culture, and the media. The essays consider the Panthers as distinctly American revolutionaries, as the products of specific local conditions, and as parts of other movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s.

    One contributor evaluates the legal basis of the Panthers’ revolutionary struggle, explaining how they utilized and critiqued the language of the Constitution. Others explore the roles of individuals, looking at a one-time Panther imprisoned for a murder he did not commit and an FBI agent who monitored the activities of the Panthers’ Oakland branch. Contributors assess the Panthers’ relations with Students for a Democratic Society, the Young Lords, the Brown Berets, and the Peace and Freedom Party. They discuss the Party’s use of revolutionary aesthetics, and they show how the Panthers manipulated and were manipulated by the media. Illuminating some of the complexities involved in placing the Panthers in historical context, this collection demonstrates that the scholarly search for the Black Panthers has only just begun.

    Contributors. Bridgette Baldwin, Davarian L. Baldwin, David Barber, Rod Bush, James T. Campbell, Tim Lake, Jama Lazerow, Edward P. Morgan, Jeffrey O. G. Ogbar, Roz Payne, Robert O. Self, Yohuru Williams, Joel Wilson

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388326
    Publication Date: 2006-10-10
    author-list-text: Robert O. Self and Rod Bush
    1. Robert O. Self and
    2. Rod Bush
    contrib-editor: Jama Lazerow; Yohuru Williams
    contrib-other: Robert O. Self; Rod Bush
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388326
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338376
    isbn-paper: 9780822338901
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Interdisciplinary essays reevaluate the Black Panthers and their legacy in relation to revolutionary violence, radical ideology, urban politics, popular culture, and the media.

    subtitle: New Perspectives on a Revolutionary Movement
  • In Search of the Rain Forest
    Author(s): Slater, Candace; Escobar, Arturo; Rocheleau, Dianne; Sawyer, Suzana

    The essays collected here offer important new reflections on the multiple images of and rhetoric surrounding the rain forest. The slogan “Save the Rain Forest!”—emblazoned on glossy posters of tall trees wreathed in vines and studded with monkeys and parrots—promotes the popular image of a marvelously wild and vulnerable rain forest. Although representations like these have fueled laudable rescue efforts, in many ways they have done more harm than good, as these essays show. Such icons tend to conceal both the biological variety of rain forests and the diversity of their human inhabitants. They also frequently obscure the specific local and global interactions that are as much a part of today’s rain forests as are the array of plants and animals. In attending to these complexities, this volume focuses on specific portrayals of rain forests and the consequences of these characterizations for both forest inhabitants and outsiders.

    From diverse disciplines—history, archaeology, sociology, literature, law, and cultural anthropology—the contributors provide case studies from Latin America, Asia, and Africa. They point the way toward a search for a rain forest that is both a natural entity and a social history, an inhabited place and a shifting set of ideas. The essayists demonstrate how the single image of a wild and yet fragile forest became fixed in the popular mind in the late twentieth century, thereby influencing the policies of corporations, environmental groups, and governments. Such simplistic conceptions, In Search of the Rain Forest shows, might lead companies to tout their “green” technologies even as they try to downplay the dissenting voices of native populations. Or they might cause a government to create a tiger reserve that displaces peaceful peasants while opening the doors to poachers and bandits. By encouraging a nuanced understanding of distinctive, constantly evolving forests with different social and natural histories, this volume provides an important impetus for protection efforts that take into account the rain forest in all of its complexity.

    Contributors. Scott Fedick, Alex Greene, Paul Greenough, Nancy Peluso, Suzana Sawyer, Candace Slater, Charles Zerner

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385271
    Publication Date: 2004-03-01
    author-list-text: Arturo Escobar, Dianne Rocheleau and Suzana Sawyer
    1. Arturo Escobar,
    2. Dianne Rocheleau and
    3. Suzana Sawyer
    contrib-editor: Candace Slater
    contrib-other: Suzana Sawyer
    contrib-series-editor: Arturo Escobar; Dianne Rocheleau
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385271
    illustrations-note: 20 b&w photos, 8 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332053
    isbn-paper: 9780822332183
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Ecologies for the Twenty-First Century

    Collection of essays offers a multi-layered understanding of the social complexities of rainforest practice and representation,.

  • In Senghor's Shadow
    Author(s): Harney, Elizabeth; Thomas, Nicholas

    In Senghor’s Shadow is a unique study of modern art in postindependence Senegal. Elizabeth Harney examines the art that flourished during the administration of Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegal’s first president, and in the decades since he stepped down in 1980. As a major philosopher and poet of Negritude, Senghor envisioned an active and revolutionary role for modern artists, and he created a well-funded system for nurturing their work. In questioning the canon of art produced under his aegis—known as the Ecole de Dakar—Harney reconsiders Senghor’s Negritude philosophy, his desire to express Senegal’s postcolonial national identity through art, and the system of art schools and exhibits he developed. She expands scholarship on global modernisms by highlighting the distinctive cultural history that shaped Senegalese modernism and the complex and often contradictory choices made by its early artists.

    Heavily illustrated with nearly one hundred images, including some in color, In Senghor’s Shadow surveys the work of a range of Senegalese artists, including painters, muralists, sculptors, and performance-based groups—from those who worked at the height of Senghor’s patronage system to those who graduated from art school in the early 1990s. Harney reveals how, in the 1970s, avant-gardists contested Negritude beliefs by breaking out of established artistic forms. During the 1980s and 1990s, artists such as Moustapha Dimé, Germaine Anta Gaye, and Kan-Si engaged with avant-garde methods and local artistic forms to challenge both Senghor’s legacy and the broader art world’s understandings of cultural syncretism. Ultimately, Harney’s work illuminates the production and reception of modern Senegalese art within the global arena.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386056
    Publication Date: 2004-11-02
    author-list-text: Elizabeth Harney and Nicholas Thomas
    1. Elizabeth Harney and
    2. Nicholas Thomas
    contrib-author: Elizabeth Harney
    contrib-series-editor: Nicholas Thomas
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822386056
    illustrations-note: 14 color photos, 78 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333852
    isbn-paper: 9780822333951
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories

    A study of art in post-independence Senegal.

    subtitle: Art, Politics, and the Avant-Garde in Senegal, 1960–1995
  • In Sierra Leone
    Author(s): Jackson, Michael D.

    In 2002, as Sierra Leone prepared to announce the end of its brutal civil war, the distinguished anthropologist, poet, and novelist Michael Jackson returned to the country where he had intermittently lived and worked as an ethnographer since 1969. While his initial concern was to help his old friend Sewa Bockarie (S. B.) Marah—a prominent figure in Sierra Leonean politics—write his autobiography, Jackson’s experiences during his stay led him to create a more complex work: In Sierra Leone, a beautifully rendered mosaic integrating S. B.’s moving stories with personal reflections, ethnographic digressions, and meditations on history and violence.

    Though the Revolutionary United Front (R.U.F.) ostensibly fought its war (1991–2002) against corrupt government, the people of Sierra Leone were its victims. By the time the war was over, more than fifty thousand were dead, thousands more had been maimed, and over one million were displaced. Jackson relates the stories of political leaders and ordinary people trying to salvage their lives and livelihoods in the aftermath of cataclysmic violence. Combining these with his own knowledge of African folklore, history, and politics and with S. B.’s bittersweet memories—of his family’s rich heritage, his imprisonment as a political detainee, and his position in several of Sierra Leone’s post-independence governments—Jackson has created a work of elegiac, literary, and philosophical power.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385561
    Publication Date: 2004-02-16
    author-list-text: Michael D. Jackson
    1. Michael D. Jackson
    contrib-author: Michael D. Jackson
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385561
    illustrations-note: 23 b&w photos, 3 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333012
    isbn-paper: 9780822333135
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    The reminiscences of an anthropologist revisiting the site of his fieldwork from the 1970s; it is also an account of the life of a prominent politician (and friend of the author) in Sierra Leone.

  • In the Aftermath of Genocide
    Author(s): Mandel, Maud S.

    France is the only Western European nation home to substantial numbers of survivors of the World War I and World War II genocides. In the Aftermath of Genocide offers a unique comparison of the country’s Armenian and Jewish survivor communities. By demonstrating how—in spite of significant differences between these two populations—striking similarities emerge in the ways each responded to genocide, Maud S. Mandel illuminates the impact of the nation-state on ethnic and religious minorities in twentieth-century Europe and provides a valuable theoretical framework for considering issues of transnational identity. Investigating each community’s response to its violent past, Mandel reflects on how shifts in ethnic, religious, and national affiliations were influenced by that group’s recent history. The book examines these issues in the context of France’s long commitment to a politics of integration and homogenization—a politics geared toward the establishment of equal rights and legal status for all citizens, but not toward the accommodation of cultural diversity.

    In the Aftermath of Genocide reveals that Armenian and Jewish survivors rarely sought to shed the obvious symbols of their ethnic and religious identities. Mandel shows that following the 1915 genocide and the Holocaust, these communities, if anything, seemed increasingly willing to mobilize in their own self-defense and thereby call attention to their distinctiveness. Most Armenian and Jewish survivors were neither prepared to give up their minority status nor willing to migrate to their national homelands of Armenia and Israel.In the Aftermath of Genocide suggests that the consolidation of the nation-state system in twentieth-century Europe led survivors of genocide to fashion identities for themselves as ethnic minorities despite the dangers implicit in that status.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385189
    Publication Date: 2003-06-13
    author-list-text: Maud S. Mandel
    1. Maud S. Mandel
    contrib-author: Maud S. Mandel
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385189
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331346
    isbn-paper: 9780822331216
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Jews and Armenians, both vixtims of genocide, and their communities in post WW2 France.

    subtitle: Armenians and Jews in Twentieth-Century France
  • In the Meantime
    Author(s): Sharma, Sarah

    The world is getting faster. This sentiment is proclaimed so often that it is taken for granted, rarely questioned or examined by those who celebrate the notion of an accelerated culture or by those who decry it. Sarah Sharma engages with that assumption in this sophisticated critical inquiry into the temporalities of everyday life. Sharma conducted ethnographic research among individuals whose jobs or avocations involve a persistent focus on time: taxi drivers, frequent-flyer business travelers, corporate yoga instructors, devotees of the slow-food and slow-living movements. Based on that research, she develops the concept of "power-chronography" to make visible the entangled and uneven politics of temporality. Focusing on how people's different relationships to labor configures their experience of time, she argues that both "speed-up" and "slow-down" often function as a form of biopolitical social control necessary to contemporary global capitalism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378334
    Publication Date: 2014-01-07
    author-list-text: Sarah Sharma
    1. Sarah Sharma
    contrib-author: Sarah Sharma
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822378334
    illustrations-note: 24 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354659
    isbn-paper: 9780822354772
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Based on ethnographic research with taxi drivers, frequent-flyer business travelers, devotees of the slow-food and slow-living movements, and others, Sarah Sharma argues that people's relations to labor shape their experiences of time.

    subtitle: Temporality and Cultural Politics
  • In the Name of El Pueblo
    Author(s): Eiss, Paul; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    The term “el pueblo” is used throughout Latin America, referring alternately to small towns, to community, or to “the people” as a political entity. In this vivid anthropological and historical analysis of Mexico’s Yucatán peninsula, Paul K. Eiss explores the multiple meanings of el pueblo and the power of the concept to unite the diverse claims made in its name. Eiss focuses on working-class indigenous and mestizo populations, examining how those groups negotiated the meaning of el pueblo among themselves and in their interactions with outsiders, including landowners, activists, and government officials. Combining extensive archival and ethnographic research, he describes how residents of the region have laid claim to el pueblo in varied ways, as exemplified in communal narratives recorded in archival documents, in the performance of plays and religious processions, and in struggles over land, politics, and the built environment. Eiss demonstrates that while el pueblo is used throughout the hemisphere, the term is given meaning and power through the ways it is imagined and constructed in local contexts. Moreover, he reveals el pueblo to be a concept that is as historical as it is political. It is in the name of el pueblo—rather than class, race, or nation—that inhabitants of northwestern Yucatán stake their deepest claims not only to social or political rights, but over history itself.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392798
    Publication Date: 2010-07-09
    author-list-text: Paul Eiss, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Paul Eiss,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Paul Eiss
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392798
    illustrations-note: 33 photographs, 3 maps, 6 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347118
    isbn-paper: 9780822347279
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    An anthropological and historical analysis of the multiple meanings of the term el pueblo, among working-class indigenous and mestizo populations in Mexico s Yucatán peninsula.

    subtitle: Place, Community, and the Politics of History in Yucatán
  • In the Name of Elijah Muhammad
    Author(s): Gardell, Mattias; Lincoln, C. Eric

    In the Name of Elijah Muhammad tells the story of the Nation of Islam—its rise in northern inner-city ghettos during the Great Depression through its decline following the death of Elijah Muhammad in 1975 to its rejuvenation under the leadership of Louis Farrakhan. Mattias Gardell sets this story within the context of African American social history, the legacy of black nationalism, and the long but hidden Islamic presence in North America. He presents with insight and balance a detailed view of one of the most controversial yet least explored organizations in the United States—and its current leader.

    Beginning with Master Farad Muhammad, believed to be God in Person, Gardell examines the origins of the Nation. His research on the period of Elijah Muhammad’s long leadership draws on previously unreleased FBI files that reveal a clear picture of the bureau’s attempts to neutralize the Nation of Islam. In addition, they shed new light on the circumstances surrounding the murder of Malcolm X. With the main part of the book focused on the fortunes of the Nation after Elijah Muhammad’s death, Gardell then turns to the figure of Minister Farrakhan. From his emergence as the dominant voice of the radical black Islamic community to his leadership of the Million Man March, Farrakhan has often been portrayed as a demagogue, bigot, racist, and anti-Semite. Gardell balances the media’s view of the Nation and Farrakhan with the Nation’s own views and with the perspectives of the black community in which the organization actively works. His investigation, based on field research, taped lectures, and interviews, leads to the fullest account yet of the Nation of Islam’s ideology and theology, and its complicated relations with mainstream Islam, the black church, the Jewish community, extremist white nationalists, and the urban culture of black American youth, particularly the hip-hop movement and gangs.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382430
    Publication Date: 1996-10-07
    author-list-text: Mattias Gardell and C. Eric Lincoln
    1. Mattias Gardell and
    2. C. Eric Lincoln
    contrib-author: Mattias Gardell
    contrib-series-editor: C. Eric Lincoln
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822382430
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318521
    isbn-paper: 9780822318453
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: The C. Eric Lincoln Series on the Black Experience
    subtitle: Louis Farrakhan and The Nation of Islam

Duke University Press, 905 W Main St, Suite 18B, Durham, NC 27701, Telephone: 919-688-5134, Toll-Free US: 888-651-0122