Browse by Title : H

  • Habeas Viscus
    Author(s): Weheliye, Alexander G.
    Abstract:

    Habeas Viscus focuses attention on the centrality of race to notions of the human. Alexander G. Weheliye develops a theory of "racializing assemblages," taking race as a set of sociopolitical processes that discipline humanity into full humans, not-quite-humans, and nonhumans. This disciplining, while not biological per se, frequently depends on anchoring political hierarchies in human flesh. The work of the black feminist scholars Hortense Spillers and Sylvia Wynter is vital to Weheliye's argument. Particularly significant are their contributions to the intellectual project of black studies vis-à-vis racialization and the category of the human in western modernity. Wynter and Spillers configure black studies as an endeavor to disrupt the governing conception of humanity as synonymous with white, western man. Weheliye posits black feminist theories of modern humanity as useful correctives to the "bare life and biopolitics discourse" exemplified by the works of Giorgio Agamben and Michel Foucault, which, Weheliye contends, vastly underestimate the conceptual and political significance of race in constructions of the human. Habeas Viscus reveals the pressing need to make the insights of black studies and black feminism foundational to the study of modern humanity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376491
    Publication Date: 2014-07-30
    author-list-text: Alexander G. Weheliye
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Alexander G. Weheliye
    contrib-author: Alexander G. Weheliye
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376491
    illustrations-note: 14 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356912
    isbn-paper: 9780822357018
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In Habeas Viscus, Alexander G. Weheliye seeks to rectify a major shortcoming of the "bare life and biopolitics discourse," exemplified by the works of Agamben and Foucault, its failure to appreciate the centrality of race to accounts of the human. Working from the vantage point of black studies and drawing especially on the thought of the black feminist theorists Hortense Spillers and Sylvia Wynter, Weheliye suggests alternate ways of conceptualizing the place of race within the dominion of modern politics.

    subtitle: Racializing Assemblages, Biopolitics, and Black Feminist Theories of the Human
  • Half Sisters of History
    Author(s): Clinton, Catherine; Jones, Jacqueline; Perdue, Theda; White, Deborah Gray; Scott, Anne Firor
    Abstract:

    Long relegated to the margins of historical research, the history of women in the American South has rightfully gained prominence as a distinguished discipline. A comprehensive and much-needed tribute to southern women’s history, Half Sisters of History brings together the most important work in this field over the past twenty years.

    This collection of essays by pioneering scholars surveys the roots and development of southern women’s history and examines the roles of white women and women of color across the boundaries of class and social status from the founding of the nation to the present. Authors including Anne Firor Scott, Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, and Nell Irwin Painter, among others, analyze women’s participation in prewar slavery, their representation in popular fiction, and their involvement in social movements. In no way restricted to views of the plantation South, other essays examine the role of women during the American Revolution, the social status of Native American women, the involvement of Appalachian women in labor struggles, and the significance of women in the battle for civil rights. Because of their indelible impact on gender relations, issues of class, race, and sexuality figure centrally in these analyses.

    Half Sisters of History will be important not only to women’s historians, but also to southern historians and women’s studies scholars. It will prove invaluable to anyone in search of a full understanding of the history of women, the South, or the nation itself.

    Contributors. Catherine Clinton, Sara Evans, Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, Jacqueline Jones, Suzanne D. Lebsock, Nell Irwin Painter, Theda Perdue, Anne Firor Scott, Deborah Gray White

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381884
    Publication Date: 1994-09-09
    author-list-text: Jacqueline Jones, Theda Perdue, Deborah Gray White and Anne Firor Scott
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jacqueline Jones,
    2. Theda Perdue,
    3. Deborah Gray White and
    4. Anne Firor Scott
    contrib-editor: Catherine Clinton
    contrib-other: Jacqueline Jones; Theda Perdue; Deborah Gray White; Anne Firor Scott
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822381884
    isbn-cloth: 9780822314837
    isbn-paper: 9780822314967
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Southern Women and the American Past
  • Half-Life of a Zealot
    Author(s): Hunt, Swanee
    Abstract:

    Swanee Hunt’s life has lived up to her Texas-size childhood. Daughter of legendary oil magnate H. L. Hunt, she grew up in a household dominated by an arch-conservative patriarch who spawned a brood of colorful offspring. Her family was nothing if not zealous, and that zeal—albeit for more compassionate causes—propelled her into a mission that reaches around the world.

    Half-Life of a Zealot tells how the girl who spoke against “Reds” alongside her father became a fierce advocate for progressive change in America and abroad, an innovative philanthropist, and Bill Clinton’s Ambassador to Austria. In captivating prose, Hunt describes the warmth and wear of Southern Baptist culture, which instilled in her a calling to help those who are vulnerable. The reader is drawn into her full-throttle professional life as it competes with critical family needs.

    Hunt gives a remarkably frank account of her triumphs and shortcomings; her sorrows, including a miscarriage and the failure of a marriage; the joys and struggles of her second marriage; and her angst over the life-threatening illness of one of her three children. She is candid about the opportunities her fortune has created, as well as the challenge of life as an heiress.

    Much of Swanee Hunt’s professional life is devoted to expanding women’s roles in making and shaping public policy. She is the founding director of Harvard’s Women and Public Policy Program at the Kennedy School of Government, chair of the Initiative for Inclusive Security, and president of the Hunt Alternatives Fund.

    Swanee Hunt’s autobiography brims over with strong women: her mother, whose religious faith and optimism were an inspiration; her daughter, who fights the social stigma of mental disorders; the women of war-torn Bosnia, who transformed their grief into action; and friends like Hillary Clinton, who used her position as First Lady to strengthen the voices of others.

    Hunt is one more strong woman. Half-Life of a Zealot is her story—so far.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388265
    Publication Date: 2006-09-13
    author-list-text: Swanee Hunt
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Swanee Hunt
    contrib-author: Swanee Hunt
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388265
    illustrations-note: 25 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338758
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An autobiography by Swanee Hunt, daughter of the legendary oil magnate H. L. Hunt, Bill Clinton's Ambassador to Austria, and internationally renowned philanthropist.

    subtitle:
  • Hall of Mirrors
    Author(s): Lewis, Laura A.; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia
    Abstract:

    Through an examination of caste in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Mexico, Hall of Mirrors explores the construction of hierarchy and difference in a Spanish colonial setting. Laura A. Lewis describes how the meanings attached to the categories of Spanish, Indian, black, mulatto, and mestizo were generated within that setting, as she shows how the cultural politics of caste produced a system of fluid and relational designations that simultaneously facilitated and undermined Spanish governance.

    Using judicial records from a variety of colonial courts, Lewis highlights the ethnographic details of legal proceedings as she demonstrates how Indians, in particular, came to be the masters of witchcraft, a domain of power that drew on gendered and hegemonic caste distinctions to complicate the colonial hierarchy. She also reveals the ways in which blacks, mulattoes, and mestizos mediated between Spaniards and Indians, alternatively reinforcing Spanish authority and challenging it through alliances with Indians. Bringing to life colonial subjects as they testified about their experiences, Hall of Mirrors discloses a series of contradictions that complicate easy distinctions between subalterns and elites, resistance and power.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385158
    Publication Date: 2003-08-15
    author-list-text: Laura A. Lewis, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Laura A. Lewis,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Laura A. Lewis
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385158
    illustrations-note: 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331117
    isbn-paper: 9780822331476
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise
    short-abstract:

    Relations between Blacks and Indigenous people in Colonial Mexico as seen through a study of witchcraft accusations in inquisition records.

    subtitle: Power, Witchcraft, and Caste in Colonial Mexico
  • Hans Staden’s True History
    Author(s): Staden, Hans; Whitehead, Neil L.; Harbsmeier, Michael; Fair, Jo Ellen
    Abstract:

    In 1550 the German adventurer Hans Staden was serving as a gunner in a Portuguese fort on the Brazilian coast. While out hunting, he was captured by the Tupinambá, an indigenous people who had a reputation for engaging in ritual cannibalism and who, as allies of the French, were hostile to the Portuguese. Staden’s True History, first published in Germany in 1557, tells the story of his nine months among the Tupi Indians. It is a dramatic first-person account of his capture, captivity, and eventual escape.

    Staden’s narrative is a foundational text in the history and European “discovery” of Brazil, the earliest European account of the Tupi Indians, and a touchstone in the debates on cannibalism. Yet the last English-language edition of Staden’s True History was published in 1929. This new critical edition features a new translation from the sixteenth-century German along with annotations and an extensive introduction. It restores to the text the fifty-six woodcut illustrations of Staden’s adventures and final escape that appeared in the original 1557 edition.

    In the introduction, Neil L. Whitehead discusses the circumstances surrounding the production of Staden’s narrative and its ethnological significance, paying particular attention to contemporary debates about cannibalism. Whitehead illuminates the value of Staden’s True History as an eyewitness account of Tupi society on the eve before its collapse, of ritual war and sacrifice among Native peoples, and of colonial rivalries in the region of Rio de Janeiro. He chronicles the history of the various editions of Staden’s narrative and their reception from 1557 until the present. Staden’s work continues to engage a wide range of readers, not least within Brazil, where it has recently been the subject of two films and a graphic novel.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389293
    Publication Date: 2008-06-25
    author-list-text: Hans Staden, Neil L. Whitehead, Michael Harbsmeier and Jo Ellen Fair
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Hans Staden,
    2. Neil L. Whitehead,
    3. Michael Harbsmeier and
    4. Jo Ellen Fair
    contrib-author: Hans Staden
    contrib-series-editor: Jo Ellen Fair
    contrib-translator: Neil L. Whitehead; Michael Harbsmeier
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389293
    illustrations-note: 65 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342137
    isbn-paper: 9780822342311
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: The Cultures and Practice of Violence
    short-abstract:

    Discourse on cannibalism as seen through the writings of German adventurer, Hans Staden, who was captured in South America in 1550 by the Tupi Indians, who had a reputation of cooking and eating their enemies. This is a new edition.

    subtitle: An Account of Cannibal Captivity in Brazil
  • Hard Times in the Marvelous City
    Author(s): McCann, Bryan
    Abstract:

    Beginning in the late 1970s, activists from the favelas of Rio de Janeiro challenged the conditions—such as limited access to security, sanitation, public education, and formal employment—that separated favela residents from Rio's other citizens. The activists built a movement that helped to push the nation toward redemocratization. They joined with political allies in an effort to institute an ambitious slate of municipal reforms. Those measures ultimately fell short of aspirations, and soon the reformers were struggling to hold together a fraying coalition. Rio was bankrupted by natural disasters and hyperinflation and ravaged by drug wars. Well-armed drug traffickers had become the new lords of the favelas, protecting their turf through violence and patronage. By the early 1990s, the promise of the favela residents' mobilization of the late 1970s and early 1980s seemed out of reach. Yet the aspirations that fueled that mobilization have endured, and its legacy continues to shape favela politics in Rio de Janeiro.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377344
    Publication Date: 2013-12-26
    author-list-text: Bryan McCann
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Bryan McCann
    contrib-author: Bryan McCann
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377344
    illustrations-note: 19 photographs, 8 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355236
    isbn-paper: 9780822355380
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This history explains how and why the favelas of Rio de Janeiro were able to resist demolition in the 1970s but succumbed to the drug wars of the 1980s and 1990s.

    subtitle: From Dictatorship to Democracy in the Favelas of Rio de Janeiro
  • Harem Histories
    Author(s): Booth, Marilyn; Afsaruddin, Asma; Noorani, Yaseen; Schick, Irvin Cemil; El Cheikh, Nadia Maria
    Abstract:

    Harem Histories is an interdisciplinary collection of essays exploring the harem as it was imagined, represented, and experienced in Middle Eastern and North African societies, and by visitors to those societies. One theme that threads through the collection is the intimate interrelatedness of West and East evident in encounters within and around the harem, whether in the elite socializing of precolonial Tunis or the popular historical novels published in Istanbul and Cairo from the late nineteenth century onward. Several of the contributors focus on European culture as a repository of harem representations, but most of them tackle indigenous representations of home spaces and their significance for how the bodies of men and women, and girls and boys, were distributed in social space, from early Islamic Mecca to early-twentieth-century Cairo.

    Contributors. Asma Afsaruddin, Orit Bashkin, Marilyn Booth, Nadia Maria El Cheikh, Julia Clancy-Smith, Joan DelPlato, Jateen Lad, Nancy Micklewright, Yaseen Noorani, Leslie Peirce, Irvin Cemil Schick, A. Holly Schissler, Heghnar Zeitlian Watenpaugh

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393467
    Publication Date: 2010-12-13
    author-list-text: Asma Afsaruddin, Yaseen Noorani, Irvin Cemil Schick and Nadia Maria El Cheikh
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Asma Afsaruddin,
    2. Yaseen Noorani,
    3. Irvin Cemil Schick and
    4. Nadia Maria El Cheikh
    contrib-editor: Marilyn Booth
    contrib-other: Asma Afsaruddin; Yaseen Noorani; Irvin Cemil Schick; Nadia Maria El Cheikh
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822393467
    illustrations-note: 39 illustrations, 3 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348580
    isbn-paper: 9780822348696
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An interdisciplinary collection of essays exploring the harem as it was imagined, represented, and experienced in Middle Eastern and North African societies, and by visitors to those societies.

    subtitle: Envisioning Places and Living Spaces
  • Harriet Tubman
    Author(s): Sernett, Milton C.
    Abstract:

    Harriet Tubman is one of America’s most beloved historical figures, revered alongside luminaries including Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. Harriet Tubman: Myth, Memory, and History tells the fascinating story of Tubman’s life as an American icon. The distinguished historian Milton C. Sernett compares the larger-than-life symbolic Tubman with the actual “historical” Tubman. He does so not to diminish Tubman’s achievements but rather to explore the interplay of history and myth in our national consciousness. Analyzing how the Tubman icon has changed over time, Sernett shows that the various constructions of the “Black Moses” reveal as much about their creators as they do about Tubman herself.

    Three biographies of Harriet Tubman were published within months of each other in 2003–04; they were the first book-length studies of the “Queen of the Underground Railroad” to appear in almost sixty years. Sernett examines the accuracy and reception of these three books as well as two earlier biographies first published in 1869 and 1943. He finds that the three recent studies come closer to capturing the “real” Tubman than did the earlier two. Arguing that the mythical Tubman is most clearly enshrined in stories told to and written for children, Sernett scrutinizes visual and textual representations of “Aunt Harriet” in children’s literature. He looks at how Tubman has been portrayed in film, painting, music, and theater; in her Maryland birthplace; in Auburn, New York, where she lived out her final years; and in the naming of schools, streets, and other public venues. He also investigates how the legendary Tubman was embraced and represented by different groups during her lifetime and at her death in 1913. Ultimately, Sernett contends that Harriet Tubman may be America’s most malleable and resilient icon.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390275
    Publication Date: 2007-10-15
    author-list-text: Milton C. Sernett
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Milton C. Sernett
    contrib-author: Milton C. Sernett
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390275
    illustrations-note: 88 illustrations ( incl. 9 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340522
    isbn-paper: 9780822340737
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An exploration of the way history, meaning, and memory have interacted in the process of transforming Harriet Tubman into an American icon and a figure of inspiration like Abraham Lincoln or Fredrick Douglass.

    subtitle: Myth, Memory, and History
  • Haunted by Empire
    Author(s): Stoler, Ann Laura; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.; Salesa, Damon
    Abstract:

    A milestone in U.S. historiography, Haunted by Empire brings postcolonial critiques to bear on North American history and draws on that history to question the analytic conventions of postcolonial studies. The contributors to this innovative collection examine the critical role of “domains of the intimate” in the consolidation of colonial power. They demonstrate how the categories of difference underlying colonialism—the distinctions advanced as the justification for the colonizer’s rule of the colonized—were enacted and reinforced in intimate realms from the bedroom to the classroom to the medical examining room. Together the essays focus attention on the politics of comparison—on how colonizers differentiated one group or set of behaviors from another—and on the circulation of knowledge and ideologies within and between imperial projects. Ultimately, this collection forces a rethinking of what historians choose to compare and of the epistemological grounds on which those choices are based.

    Haunted by Empire includes Ann Laura Stoler’s seminal essay “Tense and Tender Ties” as well as her bold introduction, which carves out the exciting new analytic and methodological ground animated by this comparative venture. The contributors engage in a lively cross-disciplinary conversation, drawing on history, anthropology, literature, philosophy, and public health. They address such topics as the regulation of Hindu marriages and gay sexuality in the early-twentieth-century United States; the framing of multiple-choice intelligence tests; the deeply entangled histories of Asian, African, and native peoples in the Americas; the racial categorizations used in the 1890 U.S. census; and the politics of race and space in French colonial New Orleans. Linda Gordon, Catherine Hall, and Nancy F. Cott each provide a concluding essay reflecting on the innovations and implications of the arguments advanced in Haunted by Empire.

    Contributors. Warwick Anderson, Laura Briggs, Kathleen Brown, Nancy F. Cott, Shannon Lee Dawdy, Linda Gordon, Catherine Hall, Martha Hodes, Paul A. Kramer, Lisa Lowe, Tiya Miles, Gwenn A. Miller, Emily S. Rosenberg, Damon Salesa, Nayan Shah, Alexandra Minna Stern, Ann Laura Stoler, Laura Wexler

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387992
    Publication Date: 2006-04-14
    author-list-text: Gilbert M. Joseph, Emily S. Rosenberg and Damon Salesa
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gilbert M. Joseph,
    2. Emily S. Rosenberg and
    3. Damon Salesa
    contrib-editor: Ann Laura Stoler
    contrib-other: Damon Salesa
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387992
    illustrations-note: 6 b&w illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337379
    isbn-paper: 9780822337249
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    A groundbreaking interdisciplinary collection that rethinks the connection between the intimate and United States colonial and postcolonial histories.

    subtitle: Geographies of Intimacy in North American History
  • Havana beyond the Ruins
    Author(s): Birkenmaier, Anke; Whitfield, Esther
    Abstract:

    In Havana beyond the Ruins, prominent architects, scholars, and writers based in and outside of Cuba analyze how Havana has been portrayed in literature, music, and the visual arts since Soviet subsidies of Cuba ceased, and the Cuban state has re-imagined Havana as a destination for international tourists and business ventures. Cuba’s capital has experienced little construction since the revolution of 1959; many of its citizens live in poorly maintained colonial and modernist dwellings. It is this Havana—of crumbling houses, old cars, and a romantic aura of ruined hopes—that is marketed in picture books, memorabilia, and films. Meanwhile, Cuba remains a socialist economy, and government agencies maintain significant control of urban development, housing, and employment. Home to more than two million people and a locus of Cuban national identity, Havana today struggles with the some of the same problems as other growing world cities, including slums and escalating social and racial inequalities. Bringing together assessments of the city’s dwellings and urban development projects, Havana beyond the Ruins provides unique insights into issues of memory, citizenship, urban life, and the future of the revolution in Cuba.

    Contributors

    Emma Álvarez-Tabío Albo

    Eric Felipe-Barkin

    Anke Birkenmaier

    Velia Cecilia Bobes

    Mario Coyula-Cowley

    Elisabeth Enenbach

    Sujatha Fernandes

    Jill Hamberg

    Patricio del Real

    Cecelia Lawless

    Jacqueline Loss

    Orlando Luis Pardo Lazo

    Antonio José Ponte

    Nicolás Quintana

    Jose Quiroga

    Laura Redruello

    Rafael Rojas

    Joseph L. Scarpaci

    Esther Whitfield

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394426
    Publication Date: 2011-07-20
    contrib-editor: Anke Birkenmaier; Esther Whitfield
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394426
    illustrations-note: 14 photographs, 1 illustration, 1 table, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350521
    isbn-paper: 9780822350705
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Looks at portrayals of Havana in literature, music, and the visual arts in the post-Soviet era, as the city is reinvented as a destination for international tourists and business ventures.

    subtitle: Cultural Mappings after 1989
  • Have I Reasons
    Author(s): Morris, Robert; Tsouti-Schillinger, Nena
    Abstract:

    Robert Morris, a leading figure in postwar American art, is best known as a pioneer of minimalist sculpture, process art, and earthworks. Yet Morris has resisted affiliation with any one movement or style. An extraordinarily versatile artist, he has produced dances, performance pieces, prints, paintings, drawings, and installations, working with materials including plywood, felt, dirt, aluminum, steel mesh, fiberglass, and encaustic. Throughout his career, Morris has written influential critical essays, commenting on his own work as well as that of other artists, and exploring through text many of the theoretical concerns addressed in his artwork—about perception, materiality, space, and the process of artmaking. Have I Reasons presents seventeen of Morris’s essays, six of which have never been published before. Written over the past fifteen years, the essays, along with the volume’s many illustrations, provide an invaluable record of the recent thought of a major American artist.

    The writings are arranged chronologically, beginning with “Indiana Street,” a vivid autobiographical account of the artist’s early years in Kansas City, Missouri. Have I Reasons includes reflections on Morris’s own site-specific installations; transcripts of seminars he conducted in conjunction with exhibitions; and the textual element of The Birthday Boy, the two-screen video-and-sound piece he installed at the Galleria dell’Accademia in Florence, Italy, on the occasion of the five hundredth anniversary of Michelangelo’s David. Essays range from original interpretations of Cézanne’s Mont Sainte-Victoire paintings and Jasper Johns’ early work to engagements with one of Morris’s most significant interlocutors, the philosopher Donald Davidson. Have I Reasons conveys not only Morris’s enduring deep interest in philosophy and issues of resemblance and representation but also his more recent turn toward directly addressing contemporary social and political issues such as corporate excess and preemptive belligerence.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388708
    Publication Date: 2008-03-14
    author-list-text: Robert Morris
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Robert Morris
    contrib-author: Robert Morris
    contrib-editor: Nena Tsouti-Schillinger
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388708
    illustrations-note: 128 b&w illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341383
    isbn-paper: 9780822342922
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A compilation of seminal works by Robert Morris, influential artist and critic, a key figure in Minimalist sculpture, Process Art, and Earthworks.

    subtitle: Work and Writings, 1993–2007
  • Hawaiian Blood
    Author(s): Kauanui, J. Kēhaulani; Kauanui, J. Kehaulani; Mallon, Florencia E.; Ramos, Alcida Rita; Rappaport, Joanne
    Abstract:

    In the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act (HHCA) of 1921, the U.S. Congress defined “native Hawaiians” as those people “with at least one-half blood quantum of individuals inhabiting the Hawaiian Islands prior to 1778.” This “blood logic” has since become an entrenched part of the legal system in Hawai‘i. Hawaiian Blood is the first comprehensive history and analysis of this federal law that equates Hawaiian cultural identity with a quantifiable amount of blood. J. Kēhaulani Kauanui explains how blood quantum classification emerged as a way to undermine Native Hawaiian (Kanaka Maoli) sovereignty. Within the framework of the 50-percent rule, intermarriage “dilutes” the number of state-recognized Native Hawaiians. Thus, rather than support Native claims to the Hawaiian islands, blood quantum reduces Hawaiians to a racial minority, reinforcing a system of white racial privilege bound to property ownership.

    Kauanui provides an impassioned assessment of how the arbitrary correlation of ancestry and race imposed by the U.S. government on the indigenous people of Hawai‘i has had far-reaching legal and cultural effects. With the HHCA, the federal government explicitly limited the number of Hawaiians included in land provisions, and it recast Hawaiians’ land claims in terms of colonial welfare rather than collective entitlement. Moreover, the exclusionary logic of blood quantum has profoundly affected cultural definitions of indigeneity by undermining more inclusive Kanaka Maoli notions of kinship and belonging. Kauanui also addresses the ongoing significance of the 50-percent rule: Its criteria underlie recent court decisions that have subverted the Hawaiian sovereignty movement and brought to the fore charged questions about who counts as Hawaiian.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391494
    Publication Date: 2008-10-17
    author-list-text: J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, J. Kehaulani Kauanui, Florencia E. Mallon, Alcida Rita Ramos and Joanne Rappaport
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. J. Kēhaulani Kauanui,
    2. J. Kehaulani Kauanui,
    3. Florencia E. Mallon,
    4. Alcida Rita Ramos and
    5. Joanne Rappaport
    contrib-author: J. Kēhaulani Kauanui; J. Kehaulani Kauanui
    contrib-series-editor: Florencia E. Mallon; Alcida Rita Ramos; Joanne Rappaport
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822391494
    illustrations-note: 5 photographs, 2 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340584
    isbn-paper: 9780822340799
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Narrating Native Histories
    short-abstract:

    Study of the legal and cultural effects of the "fifty-percent blood quantum" rule which was first instituted in the 1920s to define who counted as a native Hawaiian and which has continuing influence on legislation and on the Hawaiian sovereignt

    subtitle: Colonialism and the Politics of Sovereignty and Indigeneity
  • Haydée Santamaría, Cuban Revolutionary
    Author(s): Randall, Margaret
    Abstract:

    Taking part in the Cuban Revolution's first armed action in 1953, enduring the torture and killings of her brother and fiancé, assuming a leadership role in the underground movement, and smuggling weapons into Cuba, Haydée Santamaría was the only woman to participate in every phase of the Revolution. Virtually unknown outside of Cuba, Santamaría was a trusted member of Fidel Castro's inner circle and friend of Che Guevara. Following the Revolution's victory Santamaría founded and ran the cultural and arts institution Casa de las Americas, which attracted cutting-edge artists, exposed Cubans to some of the world's greatest creative minds, and protected queer, black, and feminist artists from state repression. Santamaría's suicide in 1980 caused confusion and discomfort throughout Cuba; despite her commitment to the Revolution, communist orthodoxy's disapproval of suicide prevented the Cuban leadership from mourning and celebrating her in the Plaza of the Revolution. In this impressionistic portrait of her friend Haydée Santamaría, Margaret Randall shows how one woman can help change the course of history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375272
    Publication Date: 2015-07-20
    author-list-text: Margaret Randall
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Margaret Randall
    contrib-author: Margaret Randall
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375272
    illustrations-note: 62 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359425
    isbn-paper: 9780822359623
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In this intimate portrait, Margaret Randall tells the story of Haydée Santamaría, the only woman to participate in every phase of the Cuban Revolution. Although unknown outside Cuba, Santamaría was part of Fidel Castro's inner circle and played a key role in post-revolutionary Cuba's political and artistic development.

    subtitle: She Led by Transgression
  • Healing Songs
    Author(s): Gioia, Ted
    Abstract:

    While the first healers were musicians who relied on rhythm and song to help cure the sick, over time Western thinkers and doctors lost touch with these traditions. In the West, for almost two millennia, the roles of the healer and the musician have been strictly separated.

    Until recently, that is. Over the past few decades there has been a resurgence of interest in healing music. In the midst of this nascent revival, Ted Gioia, a musician, composer, and widely praised author, offers the first detailed exploration of the uses of music for curative purposes from ancient times to the present. Gioia’s inquiry into the restorative powers of sound moves effortlessly from the history of shamanism to the role of Orpheus as a mythical figure linking Eastern and Western ideas about therapeutic music, and from Native American healing ceremonies to what clinical studies can reveal about the efficacy of contemporary methods of sonic healing.

    Gioia considers a broad range of therapies, providing a thoughtful, impartial guide to their histories and claims, their successes and failures. He examines a host of New Age practices, including toning, Cymatics, drumming circles, and the Tomatis method. And he explores how the medical establishment has begun to recognize and incorporate the therapeutic power of song. Acknowledging that the drumming circle will not—and should not—replace the emergency room, nor the shaman the cardiologist, Gioia suggests that the most promising path is one in which both the latest medical science and music—with its capacity to transform attitudes and bring people together—are brought to bear on the multifaceted healing process.

    In Healing Songs, as in its companion volume Work Songs, Gioia moves beyond studies of music centered on specific performers, time periods, or genres to illuminate how music enters into and transforms the experiences of everyday life.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387671
    Publication Date: 2006-03-23
    author-list-text: Ted Gioia
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ted Gioia
    contrib-author: Ted Gioia
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387671
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337027
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The use of music in helaing from prehisotirc times to the present.

    subtitle:
  • Health and Hygiene in Chinese East Asia
    Author(s): Leung, Angela Ki Che; Furth, Charlotte; Yu, Xinzhong; Lei, Sean Hsiang-lin
    Abstract:

    This collection expands the history of colonial medicine and public health by exploring efforts to overcome disease and improve human health in Chinese regions of East Asia from the late nineteenth century to the present. The contributors consider the science and politics of public health policymaking and implementation in Taiwan, Manchuria, Hong Kong, and the Yangzi River delta, focusing mostly on towns and villages rather than cities. Whether discussing the resistance of lay midwives in colonial Taiwan to the Japanese campaign to replace them with experts in “scientific motherhood” or the reaction of British colonists in Shanghai to Chinese diet and health regimes, they illuminate the effects of foreign interventions and influences on particular situations and localities. They discuss responses to epidemics from the plague in early-twentieth-century Manchuria to SARS in southern China, Singapore, and Taiwan, but they also emphasize that public health is not just about epidemic crises. As essays on marsh drainage in Taiwan, the enforcement of sanitary ordinances in Shanghai, and vaccination drives in Manchuria show, throughout the twentieth century public health bureaucracies have primarily been engaged in the mundane activities of education, prevention, and monitoring.

    Contributors. Warwick Anderson, Charlotte Furth, Marta E. Hanson, Sean Hsiang-lin Lei, Angela Ki Che Leung, Shang-Jen Li, Yushang Li, Yi-Ping Lin, Shiyung Liu, Ruth Rogaski, Yen-Fen Tseng, Chia-ling Wu, Xinzhong Yu

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393252
    Publication Date: 2010-12-27
    author-list-text: Xinzhong Yu and Sean Hsiang-lin Lei
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Xinzhong Yu and
    2. Sean Hsiang-lin Lei
    contrib-editor: Angela Ki Che Leung; Charlotte Furth
    contrib-other: Xinzhong Yu; Sean Hsiang-lin Lei
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822393252
    illustrations-note: 4 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348153
    isbn-paper: 9780822348269
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    A collection exploring public health policies and implementation in Chinese regions of East Asia from the late nineteenth century to the present; many of the contributors are based in Taiwan.

    subtitle: Policies and Publics in the Long Twentieth Century
  • Health Care at Risk
    Author(s): Jost, Timothy
    Abstract:

    In Health Care at Risk Timothy Stoltzfus Jost, a leading expert in health law, weighs in on consumer-driven health care (CDHC), which many policymakers and analysts are promoting as the answer to the severe access, cost, and quality problems afflicting the American health care system. The idea behind CDHC is simple: consumers should be encouraged to save for medical care with health savings accounts, rely on these accounts to cover routine medical expenses, and turn to insurance only to cover catastrophic medical events. Advocates of consumer-driven health care believe that if consumers are spending their own money on medical care, they will purchase only services with real value to them. Jost contends that supporters of CDHC rely on oversimplified ideas about health care, health care systems, economics, and human nature.

    In this concise, straightforward analysis, Jost challenges the historical and theoretical assumptions on which the consumer-driven health care movement is based and reexamines the empirical evidence that it claims as support. He traces the histories of both private health insurance in the United States and the CDHC movement. The idea animating the drive for consumer-driven health care is that the fundamental problem with the American health care system is what economists call “moral hazard,” the risk that consumers overuse services for which they do not bear the cost. Jost reveals moral hazard as an inadequate explanation of the complex problems plaguing the American health care system, and he points to troubling legal and ethical issues raised by CDHC. He describes how other countries have achieved universal access to high-quality health care at lower cost, without relying extensively on cost sharing, and he concludes with a proposal for how the United States might do the same, incorporating aspects of CDHC while recognizing its limitations.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390541
    Publication Date: 2007-08-01
    author-list-text: Timothy Jost
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Timothy Jost
    contrib-author: Timothy Jost
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390541
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341017
    isbn-paper: 9780822341246
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Analyzes what is wrong with the U.S. health care system, assessing and critiquing the ability of consumer-driven approaches to fix these problems and comparing the U.S. experience with that of other nations.

    subtitle: A Critique of the Consumer-Driven Movement
  • Hegel and the Freedom of Moderns
    Author(s): Losurdo, Domenico; Morris, Marella; Morris, Jon; Jameson, Fredric
    Abstract:

    Available in English for the first time, Hegel and the Freedom of Moderns revives discussion of the major political and philosophical tenets underlying contemporary liberalism through a revolutionary interpretation of G. W. F. Hegel’s thought. Domenico Losurdo,one of the world’s leading Hegelians, reveals that the philosopher was fully engaged with the political controversies of his time. In so doing, he shows how the issues addressed by Hegel in the nineteenth century resonate with many of the central political concerns of today, among them questions of community, nation, liberalism, and freedom. Based on an examination of Hegel’s entire corpus—including manuscripts, lecture notes, different versions of texts, and letters—Losurdo locates the philosopher’s works within the historical contexts and political situations in which they were composed.

    Hegel and the Freedom of Moderns persuasively argues that the tug of war between “conservative” and “liberal” interpretations of Hegel has obscured and distorted the most important aspects of his political thought. Losurdo unravels this misleading dualism and provides an illuminating discussion of the relation between Hegel’s political philosophy and the thinking of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. He also discusses Hegel’s ideas in relation to the pertinent writings of other major figures of modern political philosophy such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Locke, Edmund Burke, John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham, Karl Popper, Norberto Bobbio, and Friedrich Hayek.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385608
    Publication Date: 2004-07-28
    author-list-text: Domenico Losurdo, Marella Morris, Jon Morris and Fredric Jameson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Domenico Losurdo,
    2. Marella Morris,
    3. Jon Morris and
    4. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Domenico Losurdo
    contrib-series-editor: Fredric Jameson
    contrib-translator: Marella Morris; Jon Morris
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385608
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332534
    isbn-paper: 9780822332916
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    short-abstract:

    Translated into English for the first time, this work portrays a different side of Hegel -- not just as a philosopher preoccupied with abstract ideas but a man deeply enmeshed and active in the pressing, concrete political issues of his time.

    subtitle:
  • Hello, Hello Brazil
    Author(s): McCann, Bryan
    Abstract:

    “Hello, hello Brazil” was the standard greeting Brazilian radio announcers of the 1930s used to welcome their audience into an expanding cultural marketplace.  New genres likesamba and repackaged older ones like choro served as the currency in this marketplace, minted in the capital in Rio de Janeiro and circulated nationally by the burgeoning recording and broadcasting industries. Bryan McCann chronicles the flourishing of Brazilian popular music between the 1920s and the 1950s. Through analysis of the competing projects of composers, producers, bureaucrats, and fans, he shows that Brazilians alternately envisioned popular music as the foundation for a unified national culture and used it as a tool to probe racial and regional divisions.

    McCann explores the links between the growth of the culture industry, rapid industrialization, and the rise and fall of Getúlio Vargas’sEstado Novo dictatorship. He argues that these processes opened a window of opportunity for the creation of enduring cultural patterns and demonstrates that the understandings of popular music cemented in the mid–twentieth century continue to structure Brazilian cultural life in the early twenty-first.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385639
    Publication Date: 2004-04-13
    author-list-text: Bryan McCann
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Bryan McCann
    contrib-author: Bryan McCann
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385639
    illustrations-note: 16 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332848
    isbn-paper: 9780822332732
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A study of the foundation of Brazilian popular music and its effect on the formation of national identity and cultural expression.

    subtitle: Popular Music in the Making of Modern Brazil
  • Hemispheric Imaginings
    Author(s): Murphy, Gretchen; Pease, Donald E.
    Abstract:

    In 1823, President James Monroe announced that the Western Hemisphere was closed to any future European colonization and that the United States would protect the Americas as a space destined for democracy. Over the next century, these ideas—which came to be known as the Monroe Doctrine—provided the framework through which Americans understood and articulated their military and diplomatic role in the world. Hemispheric Imaginings demonstrates that North Americans conceived and developed the Monroe Doctrine in relation to transatlantic literary narratives. Gretchen Murphy argues that fiction and journalism were crucial to popularizing and making sense of the Doctrine’s contradictions, including the fact that it both drove and concealed U.S. imperialism. Presenting fiction and popular journalism as key arenas in which such inconsistencies were challenged or obscured, Murphy highlights the major role writers played in shaping conceptions of the U.S. empire.

    Murphy juxtaposes close readings of novels with analyses of nonfiction texts. From uncovering the literary inspirations for the Monroe Doctrine itself to tracing visions of hemispheric unity and transatlantic separation in novels by Lydia Maria Child, Nathaniel Hawthorne, María Amparo Ruiz de Burton, Lew Wallace, and Richard Harding Davis, she reveals the Doctrine’s forgotten cultural history. In making a vital contribution to the effort to move American Studies beyond its limited focus on the United States, Murphy questions recent proposals to reframe the discipline in hemispheric terms. She warns that to do so risks replicating the Monroe Doctrine’s proprietary claim to isolate the Americas from the rest of the world.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386728
    Publication Date: 2005-03-15
    author-list-text: Gretchen Murphy and Donald E. Pease
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gretchen Murphy and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Gretchen Murphy
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386728
    illustrations-note: 5 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334842
    isbn-paper: 9780822334965
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    short-abstract:

    Examines the key role that the spatial construct (embodied by the Monroe Doctrine) of the western hemisphere played in enabling and effacing U.S. empire.

    subtitle: The Monroe Doctrine and Narratives of U.S. Empire
  • Henri Bergson
    Author(s): Jankélévitch, Vladimir; Schott, Nils F.; Lefebvre, Alexandre; Schott, Nils F.
    Abstract:

    Appearing here in English for the first time, Vladimir Jankélévitch's Henri Bergson is one of the two great commentaries written on Henri Bergson. Gilles Deleuze's Bergsonism renewed interest in the great French philosopher but failed to consider Bergson's experiential and religious perspectives. Here Jankélévitch covers all aspects of Bergson's thought, emphasizing the concepts of time and duration, memory, evolution, simplicity, love, and joy. A friend of Bergson's, Jankélévitch first published this book in 1931 and revised it in 1959 to treat Bergson's later works. This unabridged translation of the 1959 edition includes an editor's introduction, which contextualizes and outlines Jankélévitch's reading of Bergson, additional essays on Bergson by Jankélévitch, and Bergson's letters to Jankélévitch.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375333
    Publication Date: 2015-08-05
    author-list-text: Vladimir Jankélévitch and Nils F. Schott
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Vladimir Jankélévitch and
    2. Nils F. Schott
    contrib-author: Vladimir Jankélévitch
    contrib-editor: Nils F. Schott; Alexandre Lefebvre
    contrib-translator: Nils F. Schott
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375333
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359166
    isbn-paper: 9780822359357
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Vladimir Jankélévitch's Henri Bergson is a great commentary written on philosopher Henri Bergson. Jankélévitch's analysis covers all aspects of Bergson's thought, from metaphysics, emotion and temporality, to psychology and biology. This edition also includes supplementary essays on Bergson by Jankélévitch, Bergson's letters to Jankélévitch, and an editor's introduction.

    subtitle:
  • Her Husband
    Author(s): King, Martha; Pirandello, Luigi; Witt, Mary Ann Frese
    Abstract:

    One of the twentieth century’s greatest literary artists and winner of the Nobel prize in 1934, Luigi Pirandello wrote the novel Her Husband in 1911, before he produced any of the well-known plays with which his name is most often associated today. Her Husband—translated here for the first time into English—is a profoundly entertaining work, by turns funny, bitingly satirical, and tinged with anguish. As important as any of the other works in Pirandello’s oeuvre, it portrays the complexities of male/female relations in the context of a newly emerging, small but vocal Italian feminist movement.

    Evoking in vivid detail the literary world in Rome at the turn of the century, Her Husband tells the story of Silvia Roncella, a talented young female writer, and her husband Giustino Boggiolo. The novel opens with their arrival in Rome after having left their provincial southern Italian hometown following the success of Silvia’s first novel, the rather humorously titled House of Dwarves. As his wife’s self-appointed (and self-important) promoter, protector, counselor, and manager, Giustino becomes the primary target of Pirandello’s satire. But the couple’s relationship—and their dual career—is also complicated by a lively supporting cast of characters, including literary bohemians with avant-garde pretensions and would-be aristocratic esthetes who are all too aware of the newly acquired power of journalists and the publishing establishment to make or break their careers. Having based many of the characters—including Silvia and Giustino—on actual literary acquaintances of his, Pirandello reacted to the novel’s controversial reception by not allowing it to be reprinted after the first printing sold out. Not until after his death were copies again made available in Italy.

    Readers will find Her Husband eerily evocative of the present in myriad ways—not the least of which is contemporary society’s ongoing transformation wrought by the changing roles of men and women, wives and husbands.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396949
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Martha King, Luigi Pirandello and Mary Ann Frese Witt
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Martha King,
    2. Luigi Pirandello and
    3. Mary Ann Frese Witt
    contrib-author: Luigi Pirandello
    contrib-translator: Martha King; Mary Ann Frese Witt
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822396949
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326007
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle:
  • Herbal and Magical Medicine
    Author(s): Kirkland, James K.; Matthews, Holly F.; Sullivan III, Charles W.; Baldwin, Karen
    Abstract:

    Herbal and Magical Medicine draws on perspectives from folklore, anthropology, psychology, medicine, and botany to describe the traditional medical beliefs and practices among Native, Anglo- and African Americans in eastern North Carolina and Virginia. In documenting the vitality of such seemingly unusual healing traditions as talking the fire out of burns, wart-curing, blood-stopping, herbal healing, and rootwork, the contributors to this volume demonstrate how the region’s folk medical systems operate in tandem with scientific biomedicine.

    The authors provide illuminating commentary on the major forms of naturopathic and magico-religious medicine practiced in the United States. Other essays explain the persistence of these traditions in our modern technological society and address the bases of folk medical concepts of illness and treatment and the efficacy of particular pratices. The collection suggests a model for collaborative research on traditional medicine that can be replicated in other parts of the country. An extensive bibliography reveals the scope and variety of research in the field.

    Contributors. Karen Baldwin, Richard Blaustein, Linda Camino, Edward M. Croom Jr., David Hufford, James W. Kirland, Peter Lichstein, Holly F. Mathews, Robert Sammons, C. W. Sullivan III

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382584
    Publication Date: 1992-01-30
    contrib-editor: James K. Kirkland; Holly F. Matthews; Charles W. Sullivan III; Karen Baldwin
    copyright-year: 1992
    eisbn: 9780822382584
    isbn-cloth: 9780822312086
    isbn-paper: 9780822312178
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Herbal and Magical Medicine draws on perspectives from folklore, anthropology, psychology, medicine, and botany to describe the traditional medical beliefs and practices among Native, Anglo- and African Americans in eastern North Carolina and Virginia. In documenting the vitality of such seemingly unusual healing traditions as talking the fire out of burns, wart-curing, blood-stopping, herbal healing, and rootwork, the contributors to this volume demonstrate how the region’s folk medical systems operate in tandem with scientific biomedicine.

    The authors provide illuminating commentary on the major forms of naturopathic and magico-religious medicine practiced in the United States. Other essays explain the persistence of these traditions in our modern technological society and address the bases of folk medical concepts of illness and treatment and the efficacy of particular pratices. The collection suggests a model for collaborative research on traditional medicine that can be replicated in other parts of the country. An extensive bibliography reveals the scope and variety of research in the field.

    Contributors. Karen Baldwin, Richard Blaustein, Linda Camino, Edward M. Croom Jr., David Hufford, James W. Kirland, Peter Lichstein, Holly F. Mathews, Robert Sammons, C. W. Sullivan III

    subtitle: Traditional Healing Today
  • Hidden Histories of Gender and the State in Latin America
    Author(s): Dore, Elizabeth; Molyneux, Maxine; Rodríguez, Eugenia; Chaves, Maria Eugenia
    Abstract:

    This collection examines the mutually influential interactions of gender and the state in Latin America from the late colonial period to the end of the twentieth century. Locating watershed moments in the processes of gender construction by the organized power of the ruling classes and in the processes by which gender has conditioned state-making, Hidden Histories of Gender and the State in Latin America remedies the lack of such considerations in previous studies of state formation.

    Along these lines, the book begins with two theoretical chapters by the editors, Elizabeth Dore and Maxine Molyneux. Dore opens by arguing against the prevailing view that the nineteenth century was marked by a gradual emancipation of women, while Molyneux considers how various Latin American state forms—liberal, corporatist, socialist, neoliberal—have more recently sought to incorporate women into their projects of social reform and modernization. These essays are followed by twelve case studies that examine how states have contributed to the normalization of male and female roles and relations. Covering an impressive breadth not only of historical time but also of geographical scope, this volume moves from Brazil to Costa Rica, from Mexico to Chile, traversing many countries in between. Contributors explore such topics as civic ritual in Bolivia, rape in war-torn Colombia, and the legal construction of patriarchy in Argentina. They examine the public regulation of domestic life, feminist lobby groups, class compromise, female slaves, and women in rural households—distinct, salient aspects of the state-gender relationship in specific countries at specific historical junctures.

    By providing a richly descriptive and theoretically grounded account of the interaction between state and gender politics in Latin America, this volume contributes to an important conversation between feminists interested in the state and political scientists interested in gender. It will be valuable to such disciplines as history, sociology, international comparative studies, and Latin American studies.

    Contributors. María Eugenia Chaves, Elizabeth Dore, Rebecca Earle, Jo Fisher, Laura Gotkowitz, Donna J. Guy, Fiona Macaulay, Maxine Molyneux, Eugenia Rodriguez, Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Ann Varley, Mary Kay Vaughan

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380238
    Publication Date: 2000-02-11
    author-list-text: Eugenia Rodríguez and Maria Eugenia Chaves
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Eugenia Rodríguez and
    2. Maria Eugenia Chaves
    contrib-editor: Elizabeth Dore; Maxine Molyneux
    contrib-other: Eugenia Rodríguez; Maria Eugenia Chaves
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380238
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324348
    isbn-paper: 9780822324690
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Collection of essays which compares the gendered aspects of state formation in Latin Ameri can nations and includes new material arising out of recent feminist work in history, political science and sociology.

    subtitle:
  • Hidden Illness in the White House
    Author(s): Crispell, Kenneth R.; Gomez, Carlos; Bayh, Birch
    Abstract:

    The serious illness of three presidents—Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and John F. Kennedy—as well as the injury Ronald Reagan received in the assassination attempt upon him have revealed our woefully inadequate system for handling presidential incapacity. The authors believe that this flawed system poses a major threat to the nation, and they provide sobering reports on how the government functioned (or failed to function) during times of presidential impairment. The public was kept in the dark regarding the gravity of the presidential condition, often unaware that critical decisions were being made while the president was suffering from a severe illness.

    Hidden Illness in the White House contains startling new information on the severity of Roosevelt’s illness during the crucial Yalta negotiations and the fact that Kennedy suffered from Addison’s disease, a life-threatening illness, long before he was elected to the presidency. In each case the authors demonstrate that a largely successful effort was made to conceal the president’s true medical condition from the public.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382324
    Publication Date: 1989-05-02
    author-list-text: Kenneth R. Crispell, Carlos Gomez and Birch Bayh
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kenneth R. Crispell,
    2. Carlos Gomez and
    3. Birch Bayh
    contrib-author: Kenneth R. Crispell; Carlos Gomez
    contrib-other: Birch Bayh
    copyright-year: 1988
    eisbn: 9780822382324
    isbn-cloth: 9780822308393
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle:
  • Hidden in the Mix
    Author(s): Pecknold, Diane
    Abstract:

    Country music's debt to African American music has long been recognized. Black musicians have helped to shape the styles of many of the most important performers in the country canon. The partnership between Lesley Riddle and A. P. Carter produced much of the Carter Family's repertoire; the street musician Tee Tot Payne taught a young Hank Williams Sr.; the guitar playing of Arnold Schultz influenced western Kentuckians, including Bill Monroe and Ike Everly. Yet attention to how these and other African Americans enriched the music played by whites has obscured the achievements of black country-music performers and the enjoyment of black listeners.

    The contributors to Hidden in the Mix examine how country music became "white," how that fictive racialization has been maintained, and how African American artists and fans have used country music to elaborate their own identities. They investigate topics as diverse as the role of race in shaping old-time record catalogues, the transracial West of the hick-hopper Cowboy Troy, and the place of U.S. country music in postcolonial debates about race and resistance. Revealing how music mediates both the ideology and the lived experience of race, Hidden in the Mix challenges the status of country music as "the white man’s blues."

    Contributors. Michael Awkward, Erika Brady, Barbara Ching, Adam Gussow, Patrick Huber, Charles Hughes, Jeffrey A. Keith, Kip Lornell, Diane Pecknold, David Sanjek, Tony Thomas, Jerry Wever

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394976
    Publication Date: 2013-06-28
    contrib-editor: Diane Pecknold
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822394976
    illustrations-note: 21 illustrations, 3 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351498
    isbn-paper: 9780822351634
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of essays considering how country music became "white," how that fictive racialization has been maintained, and how African American artists and fans have used country music to elaborate their own identities.

    subtitle: The African American Presence in Country Music
  • High Contrast
    Author(s): Willis, Sharon
    Abstract:

    In High Contrast, Sharon Willis examines the dynamic relationships between racial and sexual difference in Hollywood film from the 1980s and 1990s. Seizing on the way these differences are accentuated, sensationalized, and eroticized on screen—most often with little apparent regard for the political context in which they operate—Willis restores that context through close readings of a range of movies from cinematic blockbusters to the work of the new auteurs, Spike Lee, David Lynch, and Quentin Tarantino.

    Capturing the political complexity of these films, Willis argues that race, gender, and sexuality, as they are figured in the fantasy of popular film, do not function separately, but rather inform and determine each other’s meaning. She demonstrates how collective anxieties regarding social difference are mapped onto big budget movies like the Die Hard and Lethal Weapon series, Basic Instinct, Fatal Attraction, Thelma and Louise, Terminator 2, and others. Analyzing the artistic styles of directors Lynch, Tarantino, and Lee, in such films as Wild at Heart, Pulp Fiction, and Do the Right Thing, she investigates how these interactions of difference are linked to the production of specific authorial styles, and how race functions for each of these directors, particularly in relation to gender identity, erotics, and fantasy.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379218
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Sharon Willis
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sharon Willis
    contrib-author: Sharon Willis
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822379218
    isbn-cloth: 9780822320296
    isbn-paper: 9780822320418
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Race and Gender in Contemporary Hollywood Films
  • High Stakes
    Author(s): Cattelino, Jessica
    Abstract:

    In 1979, Florida Seminoles opened the first tribally operated high-stakes bingo hall in North America. At the time, their annual budget stood at less than $2 million. By 2006, net income from gaming had surpassed $600 million. This dramatic shift from poverty to relative economic security has created tangible benefits for tribal citizens, including employment, universal health insurance, and social services. Renewed political self-governance and economic strength have reversed decades of U.S. settler-state control. At the same time, gaming has brought new dilemmas to reservation communities and triggered outside accusations that Seminoles are sacrificing their culture by embracing capitalism. In High Stakes, Jessica R. Cattelino tells the story of Seminoles’ complex efforts to maintain politically and culturally distinct values in a time of new prosperity.

    Cattelino presents a vivid ethnographic account of the history and consequences of Seminole gaming. Drawing on research conducted with tribal permission, she describes casino operations, chronicles the everyday life and history of the Seminole Tribe, and shares the insights of individual Seminoles. At the same time, she unravels the complex connections among cultural difference, economic power, and political rights. Through analyses of Seminole housing, museum and language programs, legal disputes, and everyday activities, she shows how Seminoles use gaming revenue to enact their sovereignty. They do so in part, she argues, through relations of interdependency with others. High Stakes compels rethinking of the conditions of indigeneity, the power of money, and the meaning of sovereignty.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391302
    Publication Date: 2008-07-14
    author-list-text: Jessica Cattelino
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jessica Cattelino
    contrib-author: Jessica Cattelino
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822391302
    illustrations-note: 36 b&w photos, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342090
    isbn-paper: 9780822342274
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Ethnography that looks at how the casinos run by the Florida Seminoles have affected the tribe's ideas about sovereignty and cultural distinctiveness.

    subtitle: Florida Seminole Gaming and Sovereignty
  • High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy
    Author(s): Freeman, Carla
    Abstract:

    High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy is an ethnography of globalization positioned at the intersection between political economy and cultural studies. Carla Freeman’s fieldwork in Barbados grounds the processes of transnational capitalism—production, consumption, and the crafting of modern identities—in the lives of Afro-Caribbean women working in a new high-tech industry called “informatics.” It places gender at the center of transnational analysis, and local Caribbean culture and history at the center of global studies.

    Freeman examines the expansion of the global assembly line into the realm of computer-based work, and focuses specifically on the incorporation of young Barbadian women into these high-tech informatics jobs. As such, Caribbean women are seen as integral not simply to the workings of globalization but as helping to shape its very form. Through the enactment of “professionalism” in both appearances and labor practices, and by insisting that motherhood and work go hand in hand, they re-define the companies’ profile of “ideal” workers and create their own “pink-collar” identities. Through new modes of dress and imagemaking, the informatics workers seek to distinguish themselves from factory workers, and to achieve these new modes of consumption, they engage in a wide array of extra income earning activities. Freeman argues that for the new Barbadian pink-collar workers, the globalization of production cannot be viewed apart from the globalization of consumption. In doing so, she shows the connections between formal and informal economies, and challenges long-standing oppositions between first world consumers and third world producers, as well as white-collar and blue-collar labor.

    Written in a style that allows the voices of the pink-collar workers to demonstrate the simultaneous burdens and pleasures of their work, High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy will appeal to scholars and students in a wide range of disciplines, including anthropology, cultural studies, sociology, women’s studies, political economy, and Caribbean studies, as well as labor and postcolonial studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380290
    Publication Date: 2000-02-23
    author-list-text: Carla Freeman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Carla Freeman
    contrib-author: Carla Freeman
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380290
    illustrations-note: 7 illustrations, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324034
    isbn-paper: 9780822324393
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The lives of women workers in Barbados, who perform high tech jobs out-sourced by U.S. corporations.

    subtitle: Women, Work, and Pink-Collar Identities in the Caribbean
  • Higher Ground
    Author(s): Keohane, Nannerl O.; Chappell, Fred
    Abstract:

    Nannerl O. Keohane is one of the most widely respected leaders in higher education. A political theorist who served as President of Wellesley College and Duke University, she has firsthand knowledge of the challenges facing modern universities: rising costs, the temptations of “corporatization,” consumerist students, nomadic faculty members, and a bewildering wave of new technologies. Her views on these issues and on the role and future of higher education are captured in Higher Ground, a collection of speeches and essays that she wrote over a twenty-year period.

    Keohane regards colleges and universities as intergenerational partnerships in learning and discovery, whose compelling purposes include not only teaching and research but also service to society. Their mission is to equip students with a moral education, not simply preparation for a career or professional school.

    But the modern era has presented universities and their leadership with unprecedented new challenges. Keohane worries about access to education in a world of rising costs and increasing economic inequality, and about threats to academic freedom and expressions of opinion on campus. She considers diversity as a key educational tool in our increasingly pluralistic campuses, ponders the impact of information technologies on the university’s core mission, and explores the challenges facing universities as they become more “global” institutions, serving far-flung constituencies while at the same time contributing to the cities and towns that are their institutional homes.

    Reflecting on the role of contemporary university leaders, Keohane asserts that while they have many problems to grapple with, they will find creative ways of dealing with them, just as their predecessors have done.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387770
    Publication Date: 2006-04-04
    author-list-text: Nannerl O. Keohane and Fred Chappell
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nannerl O. Keohane and
    2. Fred Chappell
    contrib-author: Nannerl O. Keohane
    contrib-other: Fred Chappell
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387770
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337867
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The former Duke President’s writings and speeches on higher education and on Duke University.

    subtitle: Ethics and Leadership in the Modern University
  • Hip Hop Desis
    Author(s): Sharma, Nitasha Tamar; Radano, Ronald; Kun, Josh
    Abstract:

    Hip Hop Desis explores the aesthetics and politics of South Asian American (desi) hip hop artists. Nitasha Tamar Sharma argues that through their lives and lyrics, young “hip hop desis” express a global race consciousness that reflects both their sense of connection with Blacks as racialized minorities in the United States and their diasporic sensibility as part of a global community of South Asians. She emphasizes the role of appropriation and sampling in the ways that hip hop desis craft their identities, create art, and pursue social activism. Some desi artists produce what she calls “ethnic hip hop,” incorporating South Asian languages, instruments, and immigrant themes. Through ethnic hip hop, artists, including KB, Sammy, and Deejay Bella, express “alternative desiness,” challenging assumptions about their identities as South Asians, children of immigrants, minorities, and Americans. Hip hop desis also contest and seek to bridge perceived divisions between Blacks and South Asian Americans. By taking up themes considered irrelevant to many Asian Americans, desi performers, such as D’Lo, Chee Malabar of Himalayan Project, and Rawj of Feenom Circle, create a multiracial form of Black popular culture to fight racism and enact social change.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392897
    Publication Date: 2010-07-27
    author-list-text: Nitasha Tamar Sharma, Ronald Radano and Josh Kun
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nitasha Tamar Sharma,
    2. Ronald Radano and
    3. Josh Kun
    contrib-author: Nitasha Tamar Sharma
    contrib-series-editor: Ronald Radano; Josh Kun
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392897
    illustrations-note: 26 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347415
    isbn-paper: 9780822347606
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring American Music
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography exploring the aesthetics and politics of South Asian American (desi) hip hop artists.

    subtitle: South Asian Americans, Blackness, and a Global Race Consciousness
  • Hip-Hop Japan
    Author(s): Condry, Ian
    Abstract:

    In this lively ethnography Ian Condry interprets Japan’s vibrant hip-hop scene, explaining how a music and culture that originated halfway around the world is appropriated and remade in Tokyo clubs and recording studios. Illuminating different aspects of Japanese hip-hop, Condry chronicles how self-described “yellow B-Boys” express their devotion to “black culture,” how they combine the figure of the samurai with American rapping techniques and gangsta imagery, and how underground artists compete with pop icons to define “real” Japanese hip-hop. He discusses how rappers manipulate the Japanese language to achieve rhyme and rhythmic flow and how Japan’s female rappers struggle to find a place in a male-dominated genre. Condry pays particular attention to the messages of emcees, considering how their raps take on subjects including Japan’s education system, its sex industry, teenage bullying victims turned schoolyard murderers, and even America’s handling of the war on terror.

    Condry attended more than 120 hip-hop performances in clubs in and around Tokyo, sat in on dozens of studio recording sessions, and interviewed rappers, music company executives, music store owners, and journalists. Situating the voices of Japanese artists in the specific nightclubs where hip-hop is performed—what musicians and fans call the genba (actual site) of the scene—he draws attention to the collaborative, improvisatory character of cultural globalization. He contends that it was the pull of grassroots connections and individual performers rather than the push of big media corporations that initially energized and popularized hip-hop in Japan. Zeebra, DJ Krush, Crazy-A, Rhymester, and a host of other artists created Japanese rap, one performance at a time.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388166
    Publication Date: 2006-10-11
    author-list-text: Ian Condry
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ian Condry
    contrib-author: Ian Condry
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388166
    illustrations-note: 11 illustrations, 4 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338765
    isbn-paper: 9780822338925
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnographic study of Japanese hip-hop.

    subtitle: Rap and the Paths of Cultural Globalization
  • Hispanisms and Homosexualities
    Author(s): Molloy, Sylvia; Irwin, Robert McKee
    Abstract:

    A man masquerading as a lesbian in Spain’s Golden Age fiction. A hermaphrodite’s encounters with the Spanish Inquisition. Debates about virility in the national literature of postrevolutionary Mexico. The work of contemporary artists Reinaldo Arenas, Severo Sarduy, and María Luisa Bemberg. The public persona of Pedro Zamora, former star of MTV’s The Real World. Despite an enduring queer presence in Hispanic literatures and cultures, most scholars have avoided the specter of sexual dissidence in the Spanish-speaking world.

    In Hispanisms and Homosexualities, editors Sylvia Molloy and Robert Irwin bring together a group of essays that advance Hispanic studies and gay and lesbian studies by calling into question what is meant by the words Hispanic and homosexual. The fourteen contributors to this volume not only offer queer readings of Spanish and Latin American texts and performances, they also undermine a univocal sense of homosexual identities and practices. Taking on formations of national identity and sexuality; the politics of visibility and outing; the intersections of race, sexuality, and imperial discourse; the status of transvestism and posing; and a postmodern aesthetic of camp and kitsch, these essays from both established and emerging scholars provide a more complex and nuanced view of related issues involving nationality, ethnicity, and sexuality in the Hispanic world.

    Hispanisms and Homosexualities offers the most sophisticated critical and theoretical work to date in Hispanic and queer studies. It will be an essential text for all those engaged with the complexities of ethnic, cultural, and sexual subjectivities.

    Contributors. Daniel Balderston, Emilie Bergmann, Israel Burshatin, Brad Epps, Mary S. Gossy, Robert Irwin, Agnes I. Lugo-Ortiz, Sylvia Molloy, Oscar Montero, José Esteban Muñoz, José Quiroga, Rubén Ríos Avila, B. Sifuentes Jáuregui, Paul Julian Smith

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399957
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    contrib-editor: Sylvia Molloy; Robert McKee Irwin
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822399957
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321811
    isbn-paper: 9780822321989
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    subtitle:
  • Histories of Race and Racism
    Author(s): Gotkowitz, Laura
    Abstract:

    Ninety percent of the indigenous population in the Americas lives in the Andean and Mesoamerican nations of Bolivia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, and Guatemala. Recently indigenous social movements in these countries have intensified debate about racism and drawn attention to the connections between present-day discrimination and centuries of colonialism and violence. In Histories of Race and Racism, anthropologists, historians, and sociologists consider the experiences and representations of Andean and Mesoamerican indigenous peoples from the early colonial era to the present. Many of the essays focus on Bolivia, where the election of the country’s first indigenous president, Evo Morales, sparked fierce disputes over political power, ethnic rights, and visions of the nation. The contributors compare the interplay of race and racism with class, gender, nationality, and regionalism in Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. In the process, they engage issues including labor, education, census taking, cultural appropriation and performance, mestizaje, social mobilization, and antiracist legislation. Their essays shed new light on the present by describing how race and racism have mattered in particular Andean and Mesoamerican societies at specific moments in time.

    Contributors

    Rossana Barragán

    Kathryn Burns

    Andrés Calla

    Pamela Calla

    Rudi Colloredo-Mansfeld

    María Elena García

    Laura Gotkowitz

    Charles R. Hale

    Brooke Larson

    Claudio Lomnitz

    José Antonio Lucero

    Florencia E. Mallon

    Khantuta Muruchi

    Deborah Poole

    Seemin Qayum

    Arturo Taracena Arriola

    Sinclair Thomson

    Esteban Ticona Alejo

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394334
    Publication Date: 2011-11-23
    contrib-editor: Laura Gotkowitz
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394334
    illustrations-note: 11 photographs, 1 table, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350262
    isbn-paper: 9780822350439
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Historians, anthropologists, and sociologists examine how race and racism have mattered in Andean and Mesoamerican societies from the early colonial era to the present day.

    subtitle: The Andes and Mesoamerica from Colonial Times to the Present
  • Histories of the Future
    Author(s): Harding, Susan; Rosenberg, Daniel; Masco, Joseph; Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt
    Abstract:

    We live in a world saturated by futures. Our lives are constructed around ideas and images about the future that are as full and as flawed as our understandings of the past. This book is a conceptual toolkit for thinking about the forms and functions that the future takes. Exploring links between panic and nostalgia, waiting and utopia, technology and messianism, prophecy and trauma, it brings together critical meditations on the social, cultural, and intellectual forces that create narratives and practices of the future. The prognosticators, speculators, prophets, and visionaries have their say here, but the emphasis is on small narratives and forgotten conjunctures, on the connections between expectation and experience in everyday life.

    In tightly linked studies, the contributors excavate forgotten and emergent futures of art, religion, technology, economics, and politics. They trace hidden histories of science fiction, futurism, and millennialism and break down barriers between far-flung cultural spheres. From the boardrooms of Silicon Valley to the forests of Java and from the literary salons of Tokyo to the roadside cafés of the Nevada desert, the authors stitch together the disparate images and stories of futures past and present. Histories of the Future is further punctuated by three interludes: a thought-provoking game that invites players to fashion future narratives of their own, a metafiction by renowned novelist Jonathan Lethem, and a remarkable graphic research tool: a timeline of timelines.

    Contributors. Sasha Archibald, Susan Harding, Jamer Hunt, Pamela Jackson, Susan Lepselter, Jonathan Lethem, Joseph Masco, Christopher Newfield, Elizabeth Pollman, Vicente Rafael, Daniel Rosenberg, Miryam Sas, Kathleen Stewart, Anna Tsing

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386810
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Joseph Masco and Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Joseph Masco and
    2. Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing
    contrib-editor: Susan Harding; Daniel Rosenberg
    contrib-other: Joseph Masco; Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386810
    illustrations-note: 136 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334859
    isbn-paper: 9780822334736
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An anthropologically based interdisciplinary collection on sites and projections of imagined futures from conspiracy theorists to technological dystopias.

    subtitle:
  • History after Apartheid
    Author(s): Coombes, Annie E.
    Abstract:

    The democratic election of Nelson Mandela as president of South Africa in 1994 marked the demise of apartheid and the beginning of a new struggle to define the nation’s past. History after Apartheid analyzes how, in the midst of the momentous shift to an inclusive democracy, South Africa’s visual and material culture represented the past while at the same time contributing to the process of social transformation. Considering attempts to invent and recover historical icons and narratives, art historian Annie E. Coombes examines how strategies for embodying different models of historical knowledge and experience are negotiated in public culture—in monuments, museums, and contemporary fine art.

    History after Apartheid explores the dilemmas posed by a wide range of visual and material culture including key South African heritage sites. How prominent should Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress be in the museum at the infamous political prison on Robben Island? How should the postapartheid government deal with the Voortrekker Monument mythologizing the Boer Trek of 1838? Coombes highlights the contradictory investment in these sites among competing constituencies and the tensions involved in the rush to produce new histories for the “new” South Africa.

    She reveals how artists and museum officials struggled to adequately represent painful and difficult histories ignored or disavowed under apartheid, including slavery, homelessness, and the attempted destruction of KhoiSan hunter-gatherers. Describing how contemporary South African artists address historical memory and the ambiguities uncovered by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Coombes illuminates a body of work dedicated to the struggle to simultaneously remember the past and move forward into the future.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384922
    Publication Date: 2003-11-03
    author-list-text: Annie E. Coombes
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Annie E. Coombes
    contrib-author: Annie E. Coombes
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384922
    illustrations-note: 117 photos, incl. 11 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330608
    isbn-paper: 9780822330721
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    How should post-apartheid South Africa present its history - in museums, monuments, and parks.

    subtitle: Visual Culture and Public Memory in a Democratic South Africa
  • History from the Bottom Up and the Inside Out
    Author(s): Barrett, James R.
    Abstract:

    In History from the Bottom Up and the Inside Out James R. Barrett rethinks the boundaries of American social and labor history by investigating the ways in which working-class, radical, and immigrant people's personal lives intersected with their activism and religious, racial, ethnic, and class identities. Concerned with carving out space for individuals in the story of the working class, Barrett examines all aspects of individuals' subjective experiences, from their personalities, relationships, and emotions to their health and intellectual pursuits. Barrett's subjects include American communists, "blue-collar cosmopolitans"—such as well-read and well-traveled porters, sailors, and hoboes—and figures in early twentieth-century anarchist subculture. He also details the process of the Americanization of immigrant workers via popular culture and their development of class and racial identities, asking how immigrants learned to think of themselves as white. Throughout, Barrett enriches our understanding of working people’s lives, making it harder to objectify them as nameless cogs operating within social and political movements. In so doing, he works to redefine conceptions of work, migration, and radical politics.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822372851
    Publication Date: 2017-07-14
    author-list-text: James R. Barrett
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James R. Barrett
    contrib-author: James R. Barrett
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822372851
    isbn-cloth: 9780822369677
    isbn-paper: 9780822369790
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    James R. Barrett rethinks the boundaries of American working-class history by investigating the ways in which working-class people's personal lives intersected with their activism and religious, racial, ethnic, and class identities.

    subtitle: Ethnicity, Race, and Identity in Working-Class History
  • History, the Human, and the World Between
    Author(s): Radhakrishnan, R.
    Abstract:

    History, the Human, and the World Between is a philosophical investigation of the human subject and its simultaneous implication in multiple and often contradictory ways of knowing. The eminent postcolonial theorist R. Radhakrishnan argues that human subjectivity is always constituted “between”: between subjective and objective, temporality and historicity, being and knowing, the ethical and the political, nature and culture, the one and the many, identity and difference, experience and system. In this major study, he suggests that a reconstituted phenomenology has a crucial role to play in mediating between generic modes of knowledge production and an experiential return to life. Keenly appreciative of poststructuralist critiques of phenomenology, Radhakrishnan argues that there is still something profoundly vulnerable at stake in the practice of phenomenology.

    Radhakrishnan develops his rationale of the “between” through three linked essays where he locates the terms “world,” “history,” “human,” and “subject” between phenomenology and poststructuralism, and in the process sets forth a nuanced reading of the politics of a gendered postcolonial humanism. Critically juxtaposing the works of thinkers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Adrienne Rich, Frantz Fanon, Edward Said, Michel Foucault, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Martin Heidegger, David Harvey, and Ranajit Guha, Radhakrishnan examines the relationship between systems of thought and their worldly situations. History, the Human, and the World Between is a powerful argument for a theoretical perspective that combines the existential urgency of phenomenology with the discursive rigor of poststructuralist practices.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389309
    Publication Date: 2008-03-24
    author-list-text: R. Radhakrishnan
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. R. Radhakrishnan
    contrib-author: R. Radhakrishnan
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389309
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339540
    isbn-paper: 9780822339656
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Theoretical investigation into the place of historicization in humanistic thought, as well as into the complex, and often tense, relationship between history and theory.

    subtitle:
  • Hit Me, Fred
    Author(s): Wesley, Fred; Vincent, Rickey
    Abstract:

    With Hit Me, Fred, sensational sideman Fred Wesley Jr. moves front and center to tell his life story. A legendary funk, soul, and jazz musician, Wesley is best known for his work in the late sixties and early seventies with James Brown and as the leader of Brown’s band, Fred Wesley and the JB’s. Having been the band’s music director, arranger, trombone player, and frequent composer, Wesley is one of the original architects of funk music. He describes what it was like working for the Godfather of Soul, revealing the struggle and sometimes stringent discipline behind Brown’s tight, raucous tunes. After leaving Brown and the JB’s, Wesley arranged the horn sections for Parliament, Funkadelic, and Bootsy’s Rubber Band, and led Fred Wesley and the Horny Horns. Adding his signature horn arrangements to the P-Funk mix, Wesley made funk music even funkier.

    Wesley’s distinctive sound reverberates through rap and hip-hop music today. In Hit Me, Fred, he recalls the many musicians whose influence he absorbed, beginning with his grandmother and father—both music teachers—and including mentors in his southern Alabama hometown and members of the Army band. In addition to the skills he developed working with James Brown, George Clinton, Bootsy Collins, and the many talented musicians in their milieu, Wesley describes the evolution of his trombone playing through stints with the Ike and Tina Turner Revue, Hank Ballard, and Count Basie’s band. He also recounts his education in the music business, particularly through his work in Los Angeles recording sessions.

    Wesley is a virtuoso storyteller, whether he's describing the electric rush of performances when the whole band is in the groove, the difficulties of trying to make a living as a rhythm and blues musician, or the frustrations often felt by sidemen. Hit Me, Fred is Wesley’s story of music-making in all its grit and glory.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386957
    Publication Date: 2002-09-25
    author-list-text: Fred Wesley and Rickey Vincent
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Fred Wesley and
    2. Rickey Vincent
    contrib-author: Fred Wesley
    contrib-other: Rickey Vincent
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386957
    illustrations-note: 57 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329091
    isbn-paper: 9780822335481
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The famous trombonist and arranger from the James Brown band and Parliament-Funkadelic tells his own story.

    subtitle: Recollections of a Sideman
  • Hitchcock à la Carte
    Author(s): Olsson, Jan
    Abstract:

    Alfred Hitchcock: cultural icon, master film director, storyteller, television host, foodie. And as Jan Olsson argues in Hitchcock à la Carte, he was also an expert marketer who built his personal brand around his rotund figure and well-documented table indulgencies. Focusing on Hitchcock's television series Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955-1962) and the The Alfred Hitchcock Hour (1962-1965), Olsson asserts that the success of Hitchcock's media empire depended on his deft manipulation of bodies and the food that sustained them. Hitchcock's strategies included frequently playing up his own girth, hiring body doubles, making numerous cameos, and using food—such as a frozen leg of lamb—to deliver scores of characters to their deaths. Constructing his brand enabled Hitchcock to maintain creative control, blend himself with his genre, and make himself the multi-million-dollar franchise's principal star. Olsson shows how Hitchcock's media brand management was a unique performance model that he used to mark his creative oeuvre as strictly his own.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376026
    Publication Date: 2015-02-25
    author-list-text: Jan Olsson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jan Olsson
    contrib-author: Jan Olsson
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822376026
    illustrations-note: 55 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357902
    isbn-paper: 9780822358046
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In this study of Alfred Hitchcock's two television series, Jan Olsson demonstrates how Hitchcock created a personal brand build on his large body, gastronomical proclivities, and teh manipulation of bodies and food, which allowed him to mark is creative oeuvre as strictly his own.

    subtitle:
  • Hitting the Brakes
    Author(s): Johnson, Ann
    Abstract:

    In Hitting the Brakes, Ann Johnson illuminates the complex social, historical, and cultural dynamics of engineering design, in which knowledge communities come together to produce new products and knowledge. Using the development of antilock braking systems for passenger cars as a case study, Johnson shows that the path to invention is neither linear nor top-down, but highly complicated and unpredictable. Individuals, corporations, university research centers, and government organizations informally coalesce around a design problem that is continually refined and redefined as paths of development are proposed and discarded, participants come and go, and information circulates within the knowledge community. Detours, dead ends, and failures feed back into the developmental process, so that the end design represents the convergence of multiple, diverse streams of knowledge.

    The development of antilock braking systems (ABS) provides an ideal case study for examining the process of engineering design because it presented an array of common difficulties faced by engineers in research and development. ABS did not develop predictably. Research and development took place in both the public and private sectors and involved individuals working in different disciplines, languages, institutions, and corporations. Johnson traces ABS development from its first patents in the 1930s to the successful 1978 market introduction of integrated ABS by Daimler and Bosch. She examines how a knowledge community first formed around understanding the phenomenon of skidding, before it turned its attention to building instruments to measure, model, and prevent cars’ wheels from locking up. While corporations’ accounts of ABS development often present a simple linear story, Hitting the Brakes describes the full social and cognitive complexity and context of engineering design.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391043
    Publication Date: 2009-10-19
    author-list-text: Ann Johnson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ann Johnson
    contrib-author: Ann Johnson
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391043
    illustrations-note: 7 photos, 2 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345268
    isbn-paper: 9780822345411
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Looks at the development of a particular engineering design, anti-lock braking systems for passenger cars, in order to consider how knowledge and cultures of knowledge are constructed.

    subtitle: Engineering Design and the Production of Knowledge
  • Hold It Against Me
    Author(s): Doyle, Jennifer
    Abstract:

    In Hold It Against Me, Jennifer Doyle explores the relationship between difficulty and emotion in contemporary art, treating emotion as an artist's medium. She encourages readers to examine the ways in which works of art challenge how we experience not only the artist's feelings, but our own. Discussing performance art, painting, and photography, Doyle provides new perspectives on artists including Ron Athey, Aliza Shvarts, Thomas Eakins, James Luna, Carrie Mae Weems, and David Wojnarowicz. Confronting the challenge of writing about difficult works of art, she shows how these artists work with feelings as a means to question our assumptions about identity, intimacy, and expression. They deploy the complexity of emotion to measure the weight of history, and to deepen our sense of where and how politics happens in contemporary art.

    Doyle explores ideologies of emotion and how emotion circulates in and around art. Throughout, she gives readers welcoming points of entry into artworks that they may at first find off-putting or confrontational. Doyle offers new insight into how the discourse of controversy serves to shut down discussion about this side of contemporary art practice, and counters with a critical language that allows the reader to accept emotional intensity in order to learn from it.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395638
    Publication Date: 2013-03-12
    author-list-text: Jennifer Doyle
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jennifer Doyle
    contrib-author: Jennifer Doyle
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822395638
    illustrations-note: 45 illustrations, including 17 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353027
    isbn-paper: 9780822353133
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Examining the relationship between emotional intensity and difficulty in works of avant-garde art, Jennifer Doyle seeks to develop a critical language for understanding affectively charged contemporary art.

    subtitle: Difficulty and Emotion in Contemporary Art
  • Hold On to Your Dreams
    Author(s): Lawrence, Tim
    Abstract:

    Hold On to Your Dreams is the first biography of the musician and composer Arthur Russell, one of the most important but least known contributors to New York’s downtown music scene during the 1970s and 1980s. With the exception of a few dance recordings, including “Is It All Over My Face?” and “Go Bang! #5,” Russell’s pioneering music was largely forgotten until 2004, when the posthumous release of two albums brought new attention to the artist. This revival of interest gained momentum with the issue of additional albums and the documentary film Wild Combination. Based on interviews with more than seventy of his collaborators, family members, and friends, Hold On to Your Dreams provides vital new information about this singular, eccentric musician and his role in the boundary-breaking downtown music scene.

    Tim Lawrence traces Russell’s odyssey from his hometown of Oskaloosa, Iowa, to countercultural San Francisco, and eventually to New York, where he lived from 1973 until his death from AIDS-related complications in 1992. Resisting definition while dreaming of commercial success, Russell wrote and performed new wave and disco as well as quirky rock, twisted folk, voice-cello dub, and hip-hop-inflected pop. “He was way ahead of other people in understanding that the walls between concert music and popular music and avant-garde music were illusory,” comments the composer Philip Glass. “He lived in a world in which those walls weren’t there.” Lawrence follows Russell across musical genres and through such vital downtown music spaces as the Kitchen, the Loft, the Gallery, the Paradise Garage, and the Experimental Intermedia Foundation. Along the way, he captures Russell’s openness to sound, his commitment to collaboration, and his uncompromising idealism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390855
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Tim Lawrence
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Tim Lawrence
    contrib-author: Tim Lawrence
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390855
    illustrations-note: 85 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344667
    isbn-paper: 9780822344858
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Biography of Arthur Russell, an avant-garde art musician and composer who produced popular dance music in the 1970s and 80s.

    subtitle: Arthur Russell and the Downtown Music Scene, 1973-1992
  • Holiday in Mexico
    Author(s): Berger, Dina; Wood, Andrew Grant; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.
    Abstract:

    With its archaeological sites, colonial architecture, pristine beaches, and alluring cities, Mexico has long been an attractive destination for travelers. The tourist industry ranks third in contributions to Mexico’s gross domestic product and provides more than 5 percent of total employment nationwide. Holiday in Mexico takes a broad historical and geographical look at Mexico, covering tourist destinations from Tijuana to Acapulco and the development of tourism from the 1840s to the present day. Scholars in a variety of fields offer a complex and critical view of tourism in Mexico by examining its origins, promoters, and participants.

    Essays feature research on prototourist American soldiers of the mid-nineteenth century, archaeologists who excavated Teotihuacán, business owners who marketed Carnival in Veracruz during the 1920s, American tourists in Mexico City who promoted goodwill during the Second World War, American retirees who settled San Miguel de Allende, restaurateurs who created an “authentic” cuisine of Central Mexico, indigenous market vendors of Oaxaca who shaped the local tourist identity, Mayan service workers who migrated to work in Cancun hotels, and local officials who vied to develop the next “it” spot in Tijuana and Cabo San Lucas. Including insightful studies on food, labor, art, diplomacy, business, and politics, this collection illuminates the many processes and individuals that constitute the tourism industry. Holiday in Mexico shows tourism to be a complicated set of interactions and outcomes that reveal much about the nature of economic, social, cultural, and environmental change in Greater Mexico over the past two centuries.

    Contributors. Dina Berger, Andrea Boardman, Christina Bueno, M. Bianet Castellanos, Mary K. Coffey, Lisa Pinley Covert, Barbara Kastelein, Jeffrey Pilcher, Andrew Sackett, Alex Saragoza, Eric M. Schantz, Andrew Grant Wood

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391265
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Gilbert M. Joseph and Emily S. Rosenberg
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gilbert M. Joseph and
    2. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-editor: Dina Berger; Andrew Grant Wood
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391265
    illustrations-note: 17 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345541
    isbn-paper: 9780822345718
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    Collection provides analysis of the tourist industry in Mexico, examining its origins, promoters, and power relations, and showing how Mexico used its cultural capital and the development of its tourism industry to modernize.

    subtitle: Critical Reflections on Tourism and Tourist Encounters
  • Holy Terrors
    Author(s): Taylor, Diana; Costantino, Roselyn; Damasceno, Leslie; Raznovich, Diana
    Abstract:

    Holy Terrors presents exemplary original work by fourteen of Latin America’s foremost contemporary women theatre and performance artists. Many of the pieces—including one-act plays, manifestos, and lyrics—appear in English for the first time. From Griselda Gambaro, Argentina's most widely recognized playwright, to such renowned performers as Brazil's Denise Stoklos and Mexico’s Jesusa Rodríguez, these women are involved in some of Latin America's most important aesthetic and political movements. Of varied racial and ethnic backgrounds, they come from across Latin America—Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Colombia, Puerto Rico, Peru, and Cuba. This volume is generously illustrated with over seventy images. A number of the performance pieces are complemented by essays providing context and analysis.

    The performance pieces in Holy Terrors are powerful testimonies to the artists' political and personal struggles. These women confront patriarchy, racism, and repressive government regimes and challenge brutality and corruption through a variety of artistic genres. Several have formed theatre collectives—among them FOMMA (a Mayan women’s theatre company in Chiapas) and El Teatro de la máscara in Colombia. Some draw from cabaret and ‘frivolous’ theatre traditions to create intense and humorous performances that challenge church and state. Engaging in self-mutilation and abandoning traditional dress, others use their bodies as the platforms on which to stage their defiant critiques of injustice. Holy Terrors is a unique English-language presentation of some of Latin America's fiercest, most provocative art.

    Contributors

    Sabina Berman

    Tania Bruguera

    Petrona de la Cruz Cruz

    Diamela Eltit

    Griselda Gambaro

    Astrid Hadad

    Teresa Hernández

    Rosa Luisa Márquez

    Teresa Ralli

    Diana Raznovich

    Jesusa Rodríguez

    Denise Stoklos

    Katia Tirado

    Ema Villanueva

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385325
    Publication Date: 2003-12-03
    author-list-text: Leslie Damasceno and Diana Raznovich
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Leslie Damasceno and
    2. Diana Raznovich
    contrib-editor: Diana Taylor; Roselyn Costantino
    contrib-other: Leslie Damasceno; Diana Raznovich
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385325
    illustrations-note: 58 b&w photos, 19 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332275
    isbn-paper: 9780822332404
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Translations of texts by important Latin American women playwrights, and performance artists, together with essays about their work.

    subtitle: Latin American Women Perform
  • Home and Harem
    Author(s): Grewal, Inderpal; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric
    Abstract:

    Moving across academic disciplines, geographical boundaries, and literary genres, Home and Harem examines how travel shaped ideas about culture and nation in nineteenth-century imperialist England and colonial India. Inderpal Grewal’s study of the narratives and discourses of travel reveals the ways in which the colonial encounter created linked yet distinct constructs of nation and gender and explores the impact of this encounter on both English and Indian men and women. Reworking colonial discourse studies to include both sides of the colonial divide, this work is also the first to discuss Indian women traveling West as well as English women touring the East.

    In her look at England, Grewal draws on nineteenth-century aesthetics, landscape art, and debates about women’s suffrage and working-class education to show how all social classes, not only the privileged, were educated and influenced by imperialist travel narratives. By examining diverse forms of Indian travel to the West and its colonies and focusing on forms of modernity offered by colonial notions of travel, she explores how Indian men and women adopted and appropriated aspects of European travel discourse, particularly the set of oppositions between self and other, East and West, home and abroad.

    Rather than being simply comparative, Home and Harem is a transnational cultural study of the interaction of ideas between two cultures. Addressing theoretical and methodological developments across a wide range of fields, this highly interdisciplinary work will interest scholars in the fields of postcolonial and cultural studies, feminist studies, English literature, South Asian studies, and comparative literature.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382003
    Publication Date: 1996-03-14
    author-list-text: Inderpal Grewal, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Inderpal Grewal,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Inderpal Grewal
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822382003
    isbn-cloth: 9780822317319
    isbn-paper: 9780822317401
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    subtitle: Nation, Gender, Empire and the Cultures of Travel
  • Home Away from Home
    Author(s): Kurotani, Sawa
    Abstract:

    Drawing attention to domestic space as the critical juncture between the global and the local, Home Away from Home is an innovative ethnography of the daily lives of middle-class Japanese housewives who accompany their husbands on temporary corporate job assignments in the United States. These women are charged with the task of creating and maintaining restful Japanese homes in a foreign environment so that their husbands are able to remain productive, loyal workers for Japanese multinationals and their children are properly socialized and educated as Japanese citizens abroad. Arguing that the homemaking components of transnational communities have not received adequate attention, Sawa Kurotani demonstrates how gender dynamics and the politics of the domestic sphere are integral to understanding national identity and transnational mobility.

    Kurotani interviewed and spent time with more than 120 women in three U.S. locations with sizable expatriate Japanese communities: Centerville, a pseudonymous Midwestern town; the New York metropolitan area; and North Carolina’s Research Triangle area. She highlights the contradictory situations faced by the transient wives. Their husbands’ assignments in the United States typically last from three to five years, and they frequently emphasize the temporariness of their situation, referring to it as a “long vacation.” Yet they are responsible for creating comfortable homes for their families, which necessitates producing a familiar and permanent environment. Kurotani looks at the dynamic friendships that develop among the wives and describes their feelings about returning to Japan. She conveys how their sense of themselves as Japanese women, of home, and of their relationships with family members are altered by their personal experiences of transnational homemaking.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387244
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Sawa Kurotani
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sawa Kurotani
    contrib-author: Sawa Kurotani
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387244
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336303
    isbn-paper: 9780822336228
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Japanese Corporate Wives in the United States
  • Homophobias
    Author(s): Murray, David A. B.; Kulick, Don; Manalansan IV, Martin F.; Sullivan-Blum, Constance R.; Angelides, Steven
    Abstract:

    What is it about “the homosexual” that incites vitriolic rhetoric and violence around the world? How and why do some people hate queers? Does homophobia operate differently across social, political, and economic terrains? What are the ambivalences in homophobic discourses that can be exploited to undermine its hegemonic privilege? This volume addresses these questions through critical interrogations of sites where homophobic discourses are produced. It provides innovative analytical insights that expose the complex and intersecting cultural, political, and economic forces contributing to the development of new forms of homophobia. And it is a call to action for anthropologists and other social scientists to examine more carefully the politics, histories, and contexts of places and people who profess hatred for queerness.

    The contributors to this volume open up the scope of inquiry into processes of homophobia, moving the analysis of a particular form of “hate” into new, wider sociocultural and political fields. The ongoing production of homophobic discourses is carefully analyzed in diverse sites including New York City, Australia, the Caribbean, Greece, India, and Indonesia, as well as American Christian churches, in order to uncover the complex operational processes of homophobias and their intimate relationships to nationalism, sexism, racism, class, and colonialism. The contributors also critically inquire into the limitations of the term homophobia and interrogate its utility as a cross-cultural designation.

    Contributors. Steven Angelides, Tom Boellstorff, Lawrence Cohen, Don Kulick, Suzanne LaFont, Martin F. Manalansan IV, David A. B. Murray, Brian Riedel, Constance R. Sullivan-Blum

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391395
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Don Kulick, Martin F. Manalansan IV, Constance R. Sullivan-Blum and Steven Angelides
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Don Kulick,
    2. Martin F. Manalansan IV,
    3. Constance R. Sullivan-Blum and
    4. Steven Angelides
    contrib-editor: David A. B. Murray
    contrib-other: Don Kulick; Martin F. Manalansan IV; Constance R. Sullivan-Blum; Steven Angelides
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391395
    illustrations-note: 3 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345824
    isbn-paper: 9780822345985
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    A collection that analyzes homophobic violence from an anthropological, cross-cultural perspective.

    subtitle: Lust and Loathing across Time and Space
  • Homosexuality in Cold War America
    Author(s): Corber, Robert J.; Pease, Donald E.
    Abstract:

    Challenging widely held assumptions about postwar gay male culture and politics, Homosexuality in Cold War America examines how gay men in the 1950s resisted pressures to remain in the closet. Robert J. Corber argues that a form of gay male identity emerged in the 1950s that simultaneously drew on and transcended left-wing opposition to the Cold War cultural and political consensus. Combining readings of novels, plays, and films of the period with historical research into the national security state, the growth of the suburbs, and postwar consumer culture, Corber examines how gay men resisted the "organization man" model of masculinity that rose to dominance in the wake of World War II.

    By exploring the representation of gay men in film noir, Corber suggests that even as this Hollywood genre reinforced homophobic stereotypes, it legitimized the gay male "gaze." He emphasizes how film noir’s introduction of homosexual characters countered the national "project" to render gay men invisible, and marked a deep subversion of the Cold War mentality. Corber then considers the work of gay male writers Tennessee Williams, Gore Vidal, and James Baldwin, demonstrating how these authors declined to represent homosexuality as a discrete subculture and instead promoted a model of political solidarity rooted in the shared experience of oppression. Homosexuality in Cold War America reveals that the ideological critique of the dominant culture made by gay male authors of the 1950s laid the foundation for the gay liberation movement of the following decade.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382447
    Publication Date: 1997-05-22
    author-list-text: Robert J. Corber and Donald E. Pease
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Robert J. Corber and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Robert J. Corber
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822382447
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319566
    isbn-paper: 9780822319641
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    subtitle: Resistance and the Crisis of Masculinity
  • Honor, Status, and Law in Modern Latin America
    Author(s): Caulfield, Sueann; Chambers, Sarah C.; Putnam, Lara
    Abstract:

    This collection brings together recent scholarship that examines how understandings of honor changed in Latin America between political independence in the early nineteenth century and the rise of nationalist challenges to liberalism in the 1930s. These rich historical case studies reveal the uneven processes through which ideas of honor and status came to depend more on achievements such as education and employment and less on the birthright privileges that were the mainstays of honor during the colonial period. Whether considering court battles over lost virginity or police conflicts with prostitutes, vagrants, and the poor over public decorum, the contributors illuminate shifting ideas about public and private spheres, changing conceptions of race, the growing intervention of the state in defining and arbitrating individual reputations, and the enduring role of patriarchy in apportioning both honor and legal rights.

    Each essay examines honor in the context of specific historical processes, including early republican nation-building in Peru; the transformation in Mexican villages of the cargo system, by which men rose in rank through service to the community; the abolition of slavery in Rio de Janeiro; the growth of local commerce and shifts in women’s status in highland Bolivia; the formation of a multiethnic society on Costa Rica’s Caribbean coast; and the development of nationalist cultural responses to U.S. colonialism in Puerto Rico. By connecting liberal projects that aimed to modernize law and society with popular understandings of honor and status, this volume sheds new light on broad changes and continuities in Latin America over the course of the long nineteenth century.

    Contributors. José Amador de Jesus, Rossana Barragán, Sueann Caulfield, Sidney Chalhoub, Sarah C. Chambers, Eileen J. Findley, Brodwyn Fischer, Olívia Maria Gomes da Cunha, Laura Gotkowitz, Keila Grinberg, Peter Guardino, Cristiana Schettini Pereira, Lara Elizabeth Putnam

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386476
    Publication Date: 2005-05-18
    contrib-editor: Sueann Caulfield; Sarah C. Chambers; Lara Putnam
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386476
    illustrations-note: 4 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335757
    isbn-paper: 9780822335870
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Essays examine the relationship of honor in Latin America to issues such as state formation, modernity, the law, sexuality, and racial mores.

    subtitle:
  • Hooded Americanism
    Author(s): Chalmers, David J.
    Abstract:

    "The only work that treats Ku Kluxism for the entire period of it's existence . . . the authoritative work on the period. Hooded Americanism is exhaustive in its rich detail and its use of primary materials to paint the picture of a century of terror. It is comprehensive, since it treats the entire period, and enjoys the perspective that the long view provides. It is timely, since it emphasizes the undeniable persistence of terrorism in American life."—John Hope Franklin

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377818
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: David J. Chalmers
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. David J. Chalmers
    contrib-author: David J. Chalmers
    copyright-year: 1987
    eisbn: 9780822377818
    isbn-cloth: 9780822307303
    isbn-paper: 9780822307723
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The History of the Ku Klux Klan

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