Browse by Title : G

  • G-Strings and Sympathy
    Author(s): Frank, Katherine
    Abstract:

    Based on her experiences as a stripper in a city she calls Laurelton—a southeastern city renowned for its strip clubs—anthropologist Katherine Frank provides a fascinating insider’s account of the personal and cultural fantasies motivating male heterosexual strip club "regulars." Given that all of the clubs where she worked prohibited physical contact between the exotic dancers and their customers, in G-Strings and Sympathy Frank asks what—if not sex or even touching—the repeat customers were purchasing from the clubs and from the dancers. She finds that the clubs provide an intermediate space—not work, not home—where men can enjoyably experience their bodies and selves through conversation, fantasy, and ritualized voyeurism. At the same time, she shows how the dynamics of male pleasure and privilege in strip clubs are intertwined with ideas about what it means to be a man in contemporary America.

    Frank’s ethnography draws on her work as an exotic dancer in five clubs, as well as on her interviews with over thirty regular customers—middle-class men in their late-twenties to mid-fifties. Reflecting on the customers’ dual desires for intimacy and visibility, she explores their paradoxical longings for "authentic" interactions with the dancers, the ways these aspirations are expressed within the highly controlled and regulated strip clubs, and how they relate to beliefs and fantasies about social class and gender. She considers how regular visits to strip clubs are not necessarily antithetical to marriage or long-term heterosexual relationships, but are based on particular beliefs about marriage and monogamy that make these clubs desirable venues. Looking at the relative "classiness" of the clubs where she worked—ranging from the city’s most prestigious clubs to some of its dive bars—she reveals how the clubs are differentiated by reputations, dress codes, cover charges, locations, and clientele, and describes how these distinctions become meaningful and erotic for the customers. Interspersed throughout the book are three fictional interludes that provide an intimate look at Frank’s experiences as a stripper—from the outfits to the gestures, conversations, management, coworkers, and, of course, the customers.

    Focusing on the experiences of the male clients, rather than those of the female sex workers, G-Strings and Sympathy provides a nuanced, lively, and tantalizing account of the stigmatized world of strip clubs.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383994
    Publication Date: 2002-11-14
    author-list-text: Katherine Frank
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Katherine Frank
    contrib-author: Katherine Frank
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383994
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329817
    isbn-paper: 9780822329725
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography of the customers of strip clubs where the author performed.

    subtitle: Strip Club Regulars and Male Desire
  • Games of Property
    Author(s): Davis, Thadious M.
    Abstract:

    In Games of Property, distinguished critic Thadious M. Davis provides a dazzling new interpretation of William Faulkner’s Go Down, Moses. Davis argues that in its unrelenting attention to issues related to the ownership of land and people, Go Down, Moses ranks among Faulkner’s finest and most accomplished works. Bringing together law, social history, game theory, and feminist critiques, she shows that the book is unified by games—fox hunting, gambling with cards and dice, racing—and, like the law, games are rule-dependent forms of social control and commentary. She illuminates the dual focus in Go Down, Moses on property and ownership on the one hand and on masculine sport and social ritual on the other. Games of Property is a masterful contribution to understandings of Faulkner’s fiction and the power and scope of property law.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384458
    Publication Date: 2003-06-16
    author-list-text: Thadious M. Davis
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Thadious M. Davis
    contrib-author: Thadious M. Davis
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384458
    illustrations-note: 21 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331032
    isbn-paper: 9780822331391
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Using Faulkner's Go Down Moses as a point of departure, this book explores the conflicting nature of property relations that have slavery in the U.S. at their base and have affected the conceptualizations of rights and representations of African A

    subtitle: Law, Race, Gender, and Faulkner’s Go Down, Moses
  • Gay Fandom and Crossover Stardom
    Author(s): DeAngelis, Michael
    Abstract:

    Why and how does the appeal of certain male Hollywood stars cross over from straight to gay audiences? Do stars lose their cachet with straight audiences when they cross over? In Gay Fandom and Crossover Stardom Michael DeAngelis responds to these questions with a provocative analysis of three famous actors—James Dean, Mel Gibson, and Keanu Reeves. In the process, he traces a fifty-year history of audience reception that moves gay male fandom far beyond the realm of “camp” to places where culturally unauthorized fantasies are nurtured, developed, and shared.

    DeAngelis examines a variety of cultural documents, including studio publicity and promotional campaigns, star biographies, scandal magazines, and film reviews, as well as gay political and fan literature that ranges from the closeted pages of One and Mattachine Review in the 1950s to the very “out” dish columns, listserv postings, and on-line star fantasy narratives of the past decade. At the heart of this close historical study are treatments of particular film narratives, including East of Eden, Rebel Without a Cause, The Road Warrior, Lethal Weapon, My Own Private Idaho, and Speed. Using theories of fantasy and melodrama, Gay Fandom and Crossover Stardom demonstrates how studios, agents, and even stars themselves often actively facilitate an audience’s strategic blurring of the already tenuous distinction between the heterosexual mainstream and the gay margins of American popular culture.

    In addition to fans of James Dean, Mel Gibson, and Keanu Reeves, those interested in film history, cultural studies, popular culture, queer theory, gender studies, sociology, psychoanalytic theory, melodrama, fantasy, and fandom will enjoy this book.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380207
    Publication Date: 2001-07-25
    author-list-text: Michael DeAngelis
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Michael DeAngelis
    contrib-author: Michael DeAngelis
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380207
    illustrations-note: 33 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327288
    isbn-paper: 9780822327387
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A case study of James Dean, mel Gibson, and Keanu Reeves and how they maintain their appeal to both gay and straight audiences.

    subtitle: James Dean, Mel Gibson, and Keanu Reeves
  • Gay Latino Studies
    Author(s): Hames-García, Michael; Martínez, Ernesto Javier; Almaguer, Tomás; Martínez, Luz; Contreras, Daniel; Esquibel, Catriona Rueda; Cantú, Lionel; Lugones, María; La Fountain-Stokes, Lawrence
    Abstract:

    The authors of the essays in this unique collection explore the lives and cultural contributions of gay Latino men in the United States, while also analyzing the political and theoretical stakes of gay Latino studies. In new essays and influential previously published pieces, Latino scholars based in American studies, ethnic studies, history, performance studies, and sociology consider gay Latino scholarly and cultural work in relation to mainstream gay, lesbian, and queer academic discourses and the broader field of Chicano and Latino studies. They also critique cultural explanations of gay Latino sexual identity and behavior, examine artistic representations of queer Latinidad, and celebrate the place of dance in gay Latino culture. Designed to stimulate dialogue, the collection pairs each essay with a critical response by a prominent Latino/a or Chicana/o scholar. Terms such as gay, identity, queer, and visibility are contested throughout the volume; the significance of these debates is often brought to the fore in the commentaries. The essays in Gay Latino Studies complement and overlap with the groundbreaking work of lesbians of color and critical race theorists, as well as queer theorists and gay and lesbian studies scholars. Taken together, they offer much-needed insight into the lives and perspectives of gay, bisexual, and queer Latinos, and they renew attention to the politics of identity and coalition.

    Contributors. Tomás Almaguer, Luz Calvo, Lionel Cantú,, Daniel Contreras, Catriona Rueda Esquibel, Ramón García, Ramón A. Gutiérrez, Michael Hames-García, Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes, María Lugones, Ernesto J. Martínez, Paula M. L. Moya, José Esteban Muñoz, Frances Negrón-Muntaner, Ricardo L. Ortiz, Daniel Enrique Pérez, Ramón H. Rivera-Servera, Richard T. Rodríguez, David Román, Horacio N. Roque Ramírez, Antonio Viego

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393856
    Publication Date: 2011-03-23
    author-list-text: Tomás Almaguer, Luz Martínez, Daniel Contreras, Catriona Rueda Esquibel, Lionel Cantú, María Lugones and Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Tomás Almaguer,
    2. Luz Martínez,
    3. Daniel Contreras,
    4. Catriona Rueda Esquibel,
    5. Lionel Cantú,
    6. María Lugones and
    7. Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes
    contrib-editor: Michael Hames-García; Ernesto Javier Martínez
    contrib-other: Tomás Almaguer; Luz Martínez; Daniel Contreras; Catriona Rueda Esquibel; Lionel Cantú; María Lugones; Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393856
    illustrations-note: 7 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349372
    isbn-paper: 9780822349556
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of essays that explores the lives and cultural contributions of gay Latino men in the United States, and analyzes the political and theoretical stakes of gay Latino studies.

    subtitle: A Critical Reader
  • Gay Rebel of the Harlem Renaissance
    Author(s): Nugent, Richard Bruce; Wirth, Thomas H.; Gates, Henry Louis
    Abstract:

    Richard Bruce Nugent (1906–1987) was a writer, painter, illustrator, and popular bohemian personality who lived at the center of the Harlem Renaissance. Protégé of Alain Locke, roommate of Wallace Thurman, and friend of Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston, the precocious Nugent stood for many years as the only African-American writer willing to clearly pronounce his homosexuality in print. His contribution to the landmark publication FIRE!!, “Smoke, Lilies and Jade,” was unprecedented in its celebration of same-sex desire. A resident of the notorious “Niggeratti Manor,” Nugent also appeared on Broadway in Porgy (the 1927 play) and Run, Little Chillun (1933)

    Thomas H. Wirth, a close friend of Nugent’s during the last years of the artist’s life, has assembled a selection of Nugent’s most important writings, paintings, and drawings—works mostly unpublished or scattered in rare and obscure publications and collected here for the first time. Wirth has written an introduction providing biographical information about Nugent’s life and situating his art in relation to the visual and literary currents which influenced him. A foreword by Henry Louis Gates Jr. emphasizes the importance of Nugent for African American history and culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383611
    Publication Date: 2002-05-02
    author-list-text: Richard Bruce Nugent and Henry Louis Gates
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Richard Bruce Nugent and
    2. Henry Louis Gates
    contrib-author: Richard Bruce Nugent
    contrib-editor: Thomas H. Wirth
    contrib-other: Henry Louis Gates
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383611
    illustrations-note: 78 illustrations, including 16-pages in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328865
    isbn-paper: 9780822329138
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of writings and artwork by Richard Bruce Nugent, an important yet heretofore obscure figure of the Harlem Renaissance.

    subtitle: Selections from the Work of Richard Bruce Nugent
  • Gaze and Voice as Love Objects
    Author(s): Salecl, Renata; Žižek, Slavoj
    Abstract:

    The gaze entices, inspects, fascinates. The voice hypnotizes, seduces, disarms. Are gaze and voice part of the relationship we call love . . . or hate? If so, what part? How do they function? This provocative book examines love as the mediating entity in the essential antagonism between the sexes, and gaze and voice as love's medium. The contributors proceed from the Lacanian premise that "there is no sexual relationship," that the sexes are in no way complementary and that love—figured in the gaze and the voice —embodies the promise and impossibility of any relation between them.The first detailed Lacanian elaboration of this topic, Gaze and Voice as Love Objects examines the status of gaze, voice, and love in philosophy from Plato to Kant, in ideology from early Christianity to contemporary cynicism, in music from Hildegard of Bingen to Richard Wagner, in literature from Edith Wharton's Age of Innocence to Kazuo Ishiguro's The Remains of the Day, and in cinema from Michael Powell's Peeping Tom to Kieslowski's A Short Film on Love. Throughout, the contributors seek to show that the conflict between the sexes is the site of a larger battle over the destiny of modernity. With insights into the underlying target of racist and sexist violence, this book offers surprising revelations into the nature of an ancient enigma—love.

    Contributors. Elisabeth Bronfen, Mladen Dolar, Fredric Jameson, Renata Salecl, Slavoj Žižek, Alenka Zupancic

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379447
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    contrib-editor: Renata Salecl; Slavoj Žižek
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822379447
    illustrations-note: 9 b&w photographs, 4 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822318064
    isbn-paper: 9780822318132
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: SIC ;
    subtitle: SIC 1
  • Gender and National Literature
    Author(s): Yoda, Tomiko; Chow, Rey; Harootunian, Harry; Miyoshi, Masao
    Abstract:

    Boldly challenging traditional understandings of Heian literature, Tomiko Yoda reveals the connections between gender, nationalism, and cultural representation evident in prevailing interpretations of classic Heian texts. Renowned for the wealth and sophistication of women’s writing, the literature of the Heian period (794–1192) has long been considered central to the Japanese literary canon and Japanese national identity. Yoda historicizes claims about the inherent femininity of this literature by revisiting key moments in the history of Japanese literary scholarship from the eighteenth century to the present. She argues that by foregrounding women’s voices in Heian literature, the discipline has repeatedly enacted the problematic modernizing gesture in which the “feminine” is recognized, canceled, and then contained within a national framework articulated in masculine terms.

    Moving back and forth between a critique of modern discourses on Heian literature and close analyses of the Heian texts themselves, Yoda sheds light on some of the most persistent interpretive models underwriting Japanese literary studies, particularly the modern paradigm of a masculine national subject. She proposes new directions for disciplinary critique and suggests that historicized understandings of premodern texts offer significant insights into contemporary feminist theories of subjectivity and agency.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385875
    Publication Date: 2004-03-01
    author-list-text: Tomiko Yoda, Rey Chow, Harry Harootunian and Masao Miyoshi
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Tomiko Yoda,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Harry Harootunian and
    4. Masao Miyoshi
    contrib-author: Tomiko Yoda
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Harry Harootunian; Masao Miyoshi
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385875
    illustrations-note: 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331872
    isbn-paper: 9780822332374
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
    short-abstract:

    This work presents a new understanding of the way that classic works of Japanese literature have been received and understood within the framework of national literature studies in Japan.

    subtitle: Heian Texts in the Constructions of Japanese Modernity
  • Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World
    Author(s): Scully, Pamela; Paton, Diana; Peabody, Sue
    Abstract:

    This groundbreaking collection provides the first comparative history of gender and emancipation in the Atlantic world. Bringing together essays on the United States, Brazil, Cuba, Puerto Rico, West Africa and South Africa, and the Francophone and Anglophone Caribbean, it shows that emancipation was a profoundly gendered process, produced through connections between race, gender, sexuality, and class. Contributors from the United States, Canada, Europe, the Caribbean, and Brazil explore how the processes of emancipation involved the re-creation of gender identities—the production of freedmen and freedwomen with different rights, responsibilities, and access to citizenship.

    Offering detailed analyses of slave emancipation in specific societies, the contributors discuss all of the diverse actors in emancipation: slaves, abolitionists, free people of color, state officials, and slave owners. Whether considering the construction of a postslavery masculine subjectivity in Jamaica, the work of two white U.S. abolitionist women with the Freedmen’s Bureau after the Civil War, freedwomen’s negotiations of labor rights in Puerto Rico, slave women’s contributions to the slow unraveling of slavery in French West Africa, or the ways that Brazilian abolitionists deployed representations of femininity as virtuous and moral, these essays demonstrate the gains that a gendered approach offers to understanding the complex processes of emancipation. Some chapters also explore theories and methodologies that enable a gendered reading of postslavery archives. The editors’ substantial introduction traces the reasons for and patterns of women’s and men’s different experiences of emancipation throughout the Atlantic world.

    Contributors. Martha Abreu, Sheena Boa, Bridget Brereton, Carol Faulkner, Roger Kittleson, Martin Klein, Melanie Newton, Diana Paton, Sue Peabody, Richard Roberts, Ileana M. Rodriguez-Silva, Hannah Rosen, Pamela Scully, Mimi Sheller, Marek Steedman, Michael Zeuske

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387466
    Publication Date: 2005-09-13
    author-list-text: Sue Peabody
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sue Peabody
    contrib-editor: Pamela Scully; Diana Paton
    contrib-other: Sue Peabody
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387466
    illustrations-note: 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335818
    isbn-paper: 9780822335948
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A comparative perspective on the way ideas of gender relations and identities shaped the struggle over resources, cultural practices, and political rights that followed the end of slavery in the Atlantic world.

    subtitle:
  • Gender Politics in Modern China
    Author(s): Barlow, Tani
    Abstract:

    Through the lens of modern Chinese literature, Gender Politics in Modern China explores the relationship between gender and modernity, notions of the feminine and masculine, and shifting arguments for gender equality in China.

    Ranging from interviews with contemporary writers, to historical accounts of gendered writing in Taiwan and semi-colonial China, to close feminist readings of individual authors, these essays confront the degree to which textual stategies construct notions of gender. Among the specific themes discussed are: how femininity is produced in texts by allocating women to domestic space; the extent to which textual production lies at the base of a changing, historically specific code of the feminine; the extent to which women in modern Chinese societies are products of literary canons; the ways in which the historical processes of gendering have operated in Chinese modernity vis à vis modernity in the West; the representation of feminists as avengers and as westernized women; and the meager recognition of feminism as a serious intellectual current and a large body of theory.

    Originally published as a special issue of Modern Chinese Literature (Spring & Fall 1988), this expanded book represents some of the most compelling new work in post-Mao feminist scholarship and will appeal to all those concerned with understanding a revitalized feminism in the Chinese context.

    Contributors. Carolyn Brown, Ching-kiu Stephen Chan, Sung-sheng Yvonne Chang, Yu-shih Chen, Rey Chow, Randy Kaplan, Richard King, Wolfgang Kubin, Wendy Larson, Lydia Liu, Seung-Yeun Daisy Ng, Jon Solomon, Meng Yue, Wang Zheng

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396840
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Tani Barlow
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822396840
    isbn-cloth: 9780822313762
    isbn-paper: 9780822313892
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Writing and Feminism
  • Gendering the Recession
    Author(s): Negra, Diane; Tasker, Yvonne
    Abstract:

    This timely, necessary collection of essays provides feminist analyses of a recession-era media culture characterized by the reemergence and refashioning of familiar gender tropes, including crisis masculinity, coping women, and postfeminist self-renewal. Interpreting media forms as diverse as reality television, financial journalism, novels, lifestyle blogs, popular cinema, and advertising, the contributors reveal gendered narratives that recur across media forms too often considered in isolation from one another. They also show how, with a few notable exceptions, recession-era popular culture promotes affective normalcy and transformative individual enterprise under duress while avoiding meaningful critique of the privileged white male or the destructive aspects of Western capitalism. By acknowledging the contradictions between political rhetoric and popular culture, and between diverse screen fantasies and lived realities, Gendering the Recession helps to make sense of our postboom cultural moment.

    Contributors. Sarah Banet-Weiser, Hamilton Carroll, Hannah Hamad, Anikó Imre, Suzanne Leonard, Isabel Molina-Guzmán, Sinéad Molony, Elizabeth Nathanson, Diane Negra, Tim Snelson, Yvonne Tasker, Pamela Thoma

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376538
    Publication Date: 2014-03-05
    contrib-editor: Diane Negra; Yvonne Tasker
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376538
    illustrations-note: 24 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356875
    isbn-paper: 9780822356967
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Media and Culture in an Age of Austerity
  • Generation and Degeneration
    Author(s): Finucci, Valeria; Brownlee, Kevin; Clark, Elizabeth A.; Martin, Dale B.
    Abstract:

    This distinctive collection explores the construction of genealogies—in both the biological sense of procreation and the metaphorical sense of heritage and cultural patrimony. Focusing specifically on the discourses that inform such genealogies, Generation and Degeneration moves from Greco-Roman times to the recent past to retrace generational fantasies and discords in a variety of related contexts, from the medical to the theological, and from the literary to the historical.

    The discourses on reproduction, biology, degeneration, legacy, and lineage that this book broaches not only bring to the forefront concepts of sexual identity and gender politics but also show how they were culturally constructed and reconstructed through the centuries by medicine, philosophy, the visual arts, law, religion, and literature. The contributors reflect on a wide range of topics—from what makes men “manly” to the identity of Christ’s father, from what kinds of erotic practices went on among women in sixteenth-century seraglios to how men’s hemorrhoids can be variously labeled. Essays scrutinize stories of menstruating males and early writings on the presumed inferiority of female bodily functions. Others investigate a psychomorphology of the clitoris that challenges Freud’s account of lesbianism as an infantile stage of sexual development and such topics as the geographical origins of medicine and the materialization of genealogy in the presence of Renaissance theatrical ghosts.

    This collection will engage those in English, comparative, Italian, Spanish, and French studies, as well as in history, history of medicine, and ancient and early modern religious studies.

    Contributors. Kevin Brownlee, Marina Scordilis Brownlee, Elizabeth Clark, Valeria Finucci, Dale Martin, Gianna Pomata, Maureen Quilligan, Nancy Siraisi, Peter Stallybrass,Valerie Traub

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380276
    Publication Date: 2001-02-20
    author-list-text: Elizabeth A. Clark and Dale B. Martin
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Elizabeth A. Clark and
    2. Dale B. Martin
    contrib-editor: Valeria Finucci; Kevin Brownlee
    contrib-other: Elizabeth A. Clark; Dale B. Martin
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380276
    illustrations-note: 7 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326557
    isbn-paper: 9780822326441
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This collection explores the construction of genealogies both in the biological sense of procreation and in the metaphorical sense of heritage and cultural patrimony.

    subtitle: Tropes of Reproduction in Literature and History from Antiquity through Early Modern Europe
  • Genes in Development
    Author(s): Neumann-Held, Eva M.; Rehmann-Sutter, Christoph; Smith, Barbara Herrnstein; Weintraub, E. Roy
    Abstract:

    In light of scientific advances such as genomics, predictive diagnostics, genetically engineered agriculture, nuclear transfer cloning, and the manipulation of stem cells, the idea that genes carry predetermined molecular programs or blueprints is pervasive. Yet new scientific discoveries—such as rna transcripts of single genes that can lead to the production of different compounds from the same pieces of dna—challenge the concept of the gene alone as the dominant factor in biological development. Increasingly aware of the tension between certain empirical results and interpretations of those results based on the orthodox view of genetic determinism, a growing number of scientists urge a rethinking of what a gene is and how it works. In this collection, a group of internationally renowned scientists present some prominent alternative approaches to understanding the role of dna in the construction and function of biological organisms.

    Contributors discuss alternatives to the programmatic view of dna, including the developmental systems approach, methodical culturalism, the molecular process concept of the gene, the hermeneutic theory of description, and process structuralist biology. None of the approaches cast doubt on the notion that dna is tremendously important to biological life on earth; rather, contributors examine different ideas of how dna should be represented, evaluated, and explained. Just as ideas about genetic codes have reached far beyond the realm of science, the reconceptualizations of genetic theory in this volume have broad implications for ethics, philosophy, and the social sciences.

    Contributors. Thomas Bürglin, Brian C. Goodwin, James Griesemer, Paul Griffiths, Jesper Hoffmeyer, Evelyn Fox Keller, Gerd B. Müller, Eva M. Neumann-Held, Stuart A. Newman, Susan Oyama, Christoph Rehmann-Sutter, Sahotra Sarkar, Jackie Leach Scully, Gerry Webster, Ulrich Wolf

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387336
    Publication Date: 2006-01-06
    author-list-text: Barbara Herrnstein Smith and E. Roy Weintraub
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Barbara Herrnstein Smith and
    2. E. Roy Weintraub
    contrib-editor: Eva M. Neumann-Held; Christoph Rehmann-Sutter
    contrib-series-editor: Barbara Herrnstein Smith; E. Roy Weintraub
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387336
    illustrations-note: 27 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336563
    isbn-paper: 9780822336679
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Science and Cultural Theory
    short-abstract:

    Explores the debate on the biological significance and cultural meaning of genes in the development of organisms -- the molecular paradigm.

    subtitle: Re-reading the Molecular Paradigm
  • Genocide
    Author(s): Hinton, Alexander Laban; O'Neill, Kevin Lewis; Whitehead, Neil L.; Fair, Jo Ellen; Payne, Leigh A.
    Abstract:

    What happens to people and the societies in which they live after genocide? How are the devastating events remembered on the individual and collective levels, and how do these memories intersect and diverge as the rulers of postgenocidal states attempt to produce a monolithic “truth” about the past? In this important volume, leading anthropologists consider such questions about the relationship of genocide, truth, memory, and representation in the Balkans, East Timor, Germany, Guatemala, Indonesia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, and other locales.

    Specialists on the societies about which they write, these anthropologists draw on ethnographic research to provide on-the-ground analyses of communities in the wake of mass brutality. They investigate how mass violence is described or remembered, and how those representations are altered by the attempts of others, from NGOs to governments, to assert “the truth” about outbreaks of violence. One contributor questions the neutrality of an international group monitoring violence in Sudan and the assumption that such groups are, at worst, benign. Another examines the consequences of how events, victims, and perpetrators are portrayed by the Rwandan government during the annual commemoration of that country’s genocide in 1994. Still another explores the silence around the deaths of between eighty and one hundred thousand people on Bali during Indonesia’s state-sponsored anticommunist violence of 1965–1966, a genocidal period that until recently was rarely referenced in tourist guidebooks, anthropological studies on Bali, or even among the Balinese themselves. Other contributors consider issues of political identity and legitimacy, coping, the media, and “ethnic cleansing.” Genocide: Truth, Memory, and Representation reveals the major contribution that cultural anthropologists can make to the study of genocide.

    Contributors. Pamela Ballinger, Jennie E. Burnet, Conerly Casey, Elizabeth Drexler, Leslie Dwyer, Alexander Laban Hinton, Sharon E. Hutchinson, Uli Linke, Kevin Lewis O’Neill, Antonius C. G. M. Robben, Debra Rodman, Victoria Sanford

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392361
    Publication Date: 2009-03-17
    author-list-text: Neil L. Whitehead, Jo Ellen Fair and Leigh A. Payne
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Neil L. Whitehead,
    2. Jo Ellen Fair and
    3. Leigh A. Payne
    contrib-editor: Alexander Laban Hinton; Kevin Lewis O'Neill
    contrib-series-editor: Neil L. Whitehead; Jo Ellen Fair; Leigh A. Payne
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392361
    illustrations-note: 19 b&w photographs, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343882
    isbn-paper: 9780822344056
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: The Cultures and Practice of Violence
    short-abstract:

    Leading anthropologists consider issues of truth, memory, and representation in the aftermath of genocides in the Balkans, Guatemala, Indonesia, East Timor, Germany, Nigeria, Rwanda, and Sudan.

    subtitle: Truth, Memory, and Representation
  • Geontologies
    Author(s): Povinelli, Elizabeth A.
    Abstract:

    In Geontologies Elizabeth A. Povinelli continues her project of mapping the current conditions of late liberalism by offering a bold retheorization of power. Finding Foucauldian biopolitics unable to adequately reveal contemporary mechanisms of power and governance, Povinelli describes a mode of power she calls geontopower, which operates through the regulation of the distinction between Life and Nonlife and the figures of the Desert, the Animist, and the Virus. Geontologies examines this formation of power from the perspective of Indigenous Australian maneuvers against the settler state. And it probes how our contemporary critical languages—anthropogenic climate change, plasticity, new materialism, antinormativity—often unwittingly transform their struggles against geontopower into a deeper entwinement within it. A woman who became a river, a snakelike entity who spawns the fog, plesiosaurus fossils and vast networks of rock weirs: in asking how these different forms of existence refuse incorporation into the vocabularies of Western theory Povinelli provides a revelatory new way to understand a form of power long self-evident in certain regimes of settler late liberalism but now becoming visible much further beyond.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373810
    Publication Date: 2016-09-16
    author-list-text: Elizabeth A. Povinelli
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Elizabeth A. Povinelli
    contrib-author: Elizabeth A. Povinelli
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373810
    illustrations-note: 9 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362111
    isbn-paper: 9780822362333
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Finding biopolitics unable to adequately reveal the mechanisms of power that govern contemporary life, Elizabeth A. Povinelli offers "geontopower" as a new theory of power that operates through the regulation of clear distinctions between life and nonlife.

    subtitle: A Requiem to Late Liberalism
  • Georges Woke Up Laughing
    Author(s): Glick Schiller, Nina; Fouron, Georges Eugene; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.
    Abstract:

    Combining history, autobiography, and ethnography, Georges Woke Up Laughing provides a portrait of the Haitian experience of migration to the United States that illuminates the phenomenon of long-distance nationalism, the voicelessness of certain citizens, and the impotency of government in an increasingly globalized world. By presenting lively ruminations on his life as a Haitian immigrant, Georges Eugene Fouron—along with Nina Glick Schiller, whose own family history stems from Poland and Russia—captures the daily struggles for survival that bind together those who emigrate and those who stay behind.

    According to a long-standing myth, once emigrants leave their homelands—particularly if they emigrate to the United States—they sever old nationalistic ties, assimilate, and happily live the American dream. In fact, many migrants remain intimately and integrally tied to their ancestral homeland, sometimes even after they become legal citizens of another country. In Georges Woke Up Laughing the authors reveal the realities and dilemmas that underlie the efforts of long-distance nationalists to redefine citizenship, race, nationality, and political loyalty. Through discussions of the history and economics that link the United States with countries around the world, Glick Schiller and Fouron highlight the forces that shape emigrants’ experiences of government and citizenship and create a transborder citizenry. Arguing that governments of many countries today have almost no power to implement policies that will assist their citizens, the authors provide insights into the ongoing sociological, anthropological, and political effects of globalization.

    Georges Woke up Laughing will entertain and inform those who are concerned about the rights of people and the power of their governments within the globalizing economy.

    “In my dream I was young and in Haiti with my friends, laughing, joking, and having a wonderful time. I was walking down the main street of my hometown of Aux Cayes. The sun was shining, the streets were clean, and the port was bustling with ships. At first I was laughing because of the feeling of happiness that stayed with me, even after I woke up. I tried to explain my wonderful dream to my wife, Rolande. Then I laughed again but this time not from joy. I had been dreaming of a Haiti that never was.”—from Georges Woke Up Laughing

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383239
    Publication Date: 2001-10-24
    author-list-text: Nina Glick Schiller, Georges Eugene Fouron, Gilbert M. Joseph and Emily S. Rosenberg
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nina Glick Schiller,
    2. Georges Eugene Fouron,
    3. Gilbert M. Joseph and
    4. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-author: Nina Glick Schiller; Georges Eugene Fouron
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383239
    illustrations-note: 30 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327813
    isbn-paper: 9780822327912
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    A study of how migrants adapt to their new country while still maintaining ties to the old with an emphasis on Haitian migrants to the US.

    subtitle: Long-Distance Nationalism and the Search for Home
  • German Colonialism in a Global Age
    Author(s): Eley, Geoff; Naranch, Bradley
    Abstract:

    This collection provides a comprehensive treatment of the German colonial empire and its significance. Leading scholars show not only how the colonies influenced metropolitan life and the character of German politics during the Bismarckian and Wilhelmine eras (1871–1918), but also how colonial mentalities and practices shaped later histories during the Nazi era. In introductory essays, editors Geoff Eley and Bradley Naranch survey the historiography and broad developments in the imperial imaginary of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Contributors then examine a range of topics, from science and the colonial state to the disciplinary constructions of Africans as colonial subjects for German administrative control. They consider the influence of imperialism on German society and culture via the mass-marketing of imperial imagery; conceptions of racial superiority in German pedagogy; and the influence of colonialism on German anti-Semitism. The collection concludes with several essays that address geopolitics and the broader impact of the German imperial experience.

    Contributors. Dirk Bönker, Jeff Bowersox, David Ciarlo, Sebastian Conrad, Christian S. Davis, Geoff Eley, Jennifer Jenkins, Birthe Kundus, Klaus Mühlhahn, Bradley Naranch, Deborah Neill, Heike Schmidt, J. P. Short, George Steinmetz, Dennis Sweeney, Brett M. Van Hoesen, Andrew Zimmerman

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376392
    Publication Date: 2014-12-10
    contrib-editor: Geoff Eley; Bradley Naranch
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822376392
    illustrations-note: 25 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357117
    isbn-paper: 9780822357230
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Politics, History, and Culture
    short-abstract:

    This collection provides a comprehensive treatment of the German colonial empire and its significance. Leading scholars show not only how the colonies influenced metropolitan life and the character of German politics during the Bismarckian and Wilhelmine eras (1871–1918), but also how colonial mentalities and practices shaped later histories during the Nazi era.

    subtitle:
  • German Women for Empire, 1884-1945
    Author(s): Wildenthal, Lora; Adams, Julia; Steinmetz, George
    Abstract:

    When Germany annexed colonies in Africa and the Pacific beginning in the 1880s, many German women were enthusiastic. At the same time, however, they found themselves excluded from what they saw as a great nationalistic endeavor. In German Women for Empire, 1884–1945 Lora Wildenthal untangles the varied strands of racism, feminism, and nationalism that thread through German women’s efforts to participate in this episode of overseas colonization.

    In confrontation and sometimes cooperation with men over their place in the colonial project, German women launched nationalist and colonialist campaigns for increased settlement and new state policies. Wildenthal analyzes recently accessible Colonial Office archives as well as mission society records, periodicals, women’s memoirs, and fiction to show how these women created niches for themselves in the colonies. They emphasized their unique importance for white racial “purity” and the inculcation of German culture in the family. While pressing for career opportunities for themselves, these women also campaigned against interracial marriage and circulated an image of African and Pacific women as sexually promiscuous and inferior. As Wildenthal discusses, the German colonial imaginary persisted even after the German colonial empire was no longer a reality. The women’s colonial movement continued into the Nazi era, combining with other movements to help turn the racialist thought of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries into the hierarchical evaluation of German citizens as well as colonial subjects.

    Students and scholars of women’s history, modern German history, colonial politics and culture, postcolonial theory, race/ethnicity, and gender will welcome this groundbreaking study.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380955
    Publication Date: 2001-11-07
    author-list-text: Lora Wildenthal, Julia Adams and George Steinmetz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lora Wildenthal,
    2. Julia Adams and
    3. George Steinmetz
    contrib-author: Lora Wildenthal
    contrib-series-editor: Julia Adams; George Steinmetz
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380955
    illustrations-note: 1 illustration
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328070
    isbn-paper: 9780822328193
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Politics, History, and Culture
    short-abstract:

    Analyses gender, sexuality, feminism, and class in the racial politics of formal German colonialism and postcolonial revanchism.

    subtitle:
  • Gesture and Power
    Author(s): Covington-Ward, Yolanda
    Abstract:

    In Gesture and Power Yolanda Covington-Ward examines the everyday embodied practices and performances of the BisiKongo people of the Lower Congo to show how their gestures, dances, and spirituality are critical in mobilizing social and political action. Conceiving of the body as the center of analysis, a catalyst for social action, and as a conduit for the social construction of reality, Covington-Ward focuses on specific flash points in the last ninety years of Congo's troubled history, when embodied performance was used to stake political claims, foster dissent, and enforce power. In the 1920s Simon Kimbangu started a Christian prophetic movement based on spirit-induced trembling, which swept through the Lower Congo, subverting Belgian colonial authority. Following independence, dictator Mobutu Sese Seko required citizens to dance and sing nationalist songs daily as a means of maintaining political control. More recently, embodied performance has again stoked reform, as nationalist groups such as Bundu dia Kongo advocate for a return to precolonial religious practices and non-Western gestures such as traditional greetings. In exploring these embodied expressions of Congolese agency, Covington-Ward provides a framework for understanding how embodied practices transmit social values, identities, and cultural history throughout Africa and the diaspora.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374848
    Publication Date: 2015-12-02
    author-list-text: Yolanda Covington-Ward
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Yolanda Covington-Ward
    contrib-author: Yolanda Covington-Ward
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374848
    illustrations-note: 17 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360209
    isbn-paper: 9780822360360
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Religious Cultures of African and African Diaspora People
    short-abstract:

    In Gesture and Power Yolanda Covington-Ward examines the everyday embodied practices and performances of the BisiKongo people of the lower Congo to show how their gestures, dances, and spirituality are critical in mobilizing social and political action.

    subtitle: Religion, Nationalism, and Everyday Performance in Congo
  • Getting Loose
    Author(s): Binkley, Sam
    Abstract:

    From “getting loose” to “letting it all hang out,” the 1970s were filled with exhortations to free oneself from artificial restraints and to discover oneself in a more authentic and creative life. In the wake of the counterculture of the 1960s, anything that could be made to yield to a more impulsive vitality was reinvented in a looser way. Food became purer, clothing more revealing, sex more orgiastic, and home decor more rustic and authentic.

    Through a sociological analysis of the countercultural print culture of the 1970s, Sam Binkley investigates the dissemination of these self-loosening narratives and their widespread appeal to America’s middle class. He describes the rise of a genre of lifestyle publishing that emerged from a network of small offbeat presses, mostly located on the West Coast. Amateurish and rough in production quality, these popular books and magazines blended Eastern mysticism, Freudian psychology, environmental ecology, and romantic American pastoralism as they offered “expert” advice—about how to be more in touch with the natural world, how to release oneself into trusting relationships with others, and how to delve deeper into the body’s rhythms and natural sensuality. Binkley examines dozens of these publications, including the Whole Earth Catalog, Rainbook, the Catalog of Sexual Consciousness, Celery Wine, Domebook, and Getting Clear.

    Drawing on the thought of Pierre Bourdieu, Zygmunt Bauman, and others, Binkley explains how self-loosening narratives helped the middle class confront the modernity of the 1970s. As rapid social change and political upheaval eroded middle-class cultural authority, the looser life provided opportunities for self-reinvention through everyday lifestyle choice. He traces this ethos of self-realization through the “yuppie” 1980s to the 1990s and today, demonstrating that what originated as an emancipatory call to loosen up soon evolved into a culture of highly commercialized consumption and lifestyle branding.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389514
    Publication Date: 2007-04-06
    author-list-text: Sam Binkley
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sam Binkley
    contrib-author: Sam Binkley
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389514
    illustrations-note: 27 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339731
    isbn-paper: 9780822339892
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Examines the changing character of American consumer culture in the 1960s, 70s, and late 20th century generally, driven by changing forms of identity, notably a "loosening" of the self, by which Binkley means to evoke a wide range of identity pr

    subtitle: Lifestyle Consumption in the 1970s
  • Getting Medieval
    Author(s): Dinshaw, Carolyn; Barale, Michèle Aina; Goldberg, Jonathan; Moon, Michael; Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky
    Abstract:

    In Getting Medieval Carolyn Dinshaw examines communities—dissident and orthodox—in late-fourteenth and early-fifteenth-century England to create a new sense of queer history. Reaching beyond both medieval and queer studies, Dinshaw demonstrates in this challenging work how intellectual inquiry into pre-modern societies can contribute invaluably to current issues in cultural studies. In the process, she makes important connections between past and present cultures that until now have not been realized.

    In her pursuit of historical analyses that embrace the heterogeneity and indeterminacy of sex and sexuality, Dinshaw examines canonical Middle English texts such as the Canterbury Tales and The Book of Margery Kempe. She examines polemics around the religious dissidents known as the Lollards as well as accounts of prostitutes in London to address questions of how particular sexual practices and identifications were normalized while others were proscribed. By exploring contemporary (mis)appropriations of medieval tropes in texts ranging from Quentin Tarantino’s Pulp Fiction to recent Congressional debates on U.S. cultural production, Dinshaw demonstrates how such modern media can serve to reinforce constrictive heteronormative values and deny the multifarious nature of history. Finally, she works with and against the theories of Michel Foucault, Homi K. Bhabha, Roland Barthes, and John Boswell to show how deconstructionist impulses as well as historical perspectives can further an understanding of community in both pre- and postmodern societies.

    This long-anticipated volume will be indispensible to medieval and queer scholars and will be welcomed by a larger cultural studies audience.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382188
    Publication Date: 1999-09-01
    author-list-text: Carolyn Dinshaw, Michèle Aina Barale, Jonathan Goldberg, Michael Moon and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Carolyn Dinshaw,
    2. Michèle Aina Barale,
    3. Jonathan Goldberg,
    4. Michael Moon and
    5. Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    contrib-author: Carolyn Dinshaw
    contrib-series-editor: Michèle Aina Barale; Jonathan Goldberg; Michael Moon; Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822382188
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323303
    isbn-paper: 9780822323655
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    short-abstract:

    How medieval texts represent and reproduce normative heterosexual identities.

    subtitle: Sexualities and Communities, Pre- and Postmodern
  • Ghost Protocol
    Author(s): Rojas, Carlos; Litzinger, Ralph A.
    Abstract:

    Even as China is central to the contemporary global economy, its socialist past continues to shape its capitalist present. This volume's contributors see contemporary China as haunted by the promises of capitalism, the institutional legacy of the Maoist regime, and the spirit of Marxist resistance. China's development does not result from historical imperatives or deliberate economic strategies, but from the effects of discrete practices the contributors call protocols, which stem from an overlapping mix of socialist and capitalist institutional strategies, political procedures, legal regulations, religious rituals, and everyday practices. Analyzing the process of urbanization and the ways marginalized communities and migrant workers are positioned in relation to the transforming social landscape, the contributors show how these protocols constitute the Chinese national imaginary while opening spaces for new emancipatory possibilities. Offering a nuanced theory of contemporary China's hybrid political economy, Ghost Protocol situates China's development at the juncture between the world as experienced and the world as imagined.

    Contributors

    Yomi Braester, Alexander Des Forges, Kabzung, Rachel Leng, Ralph A. Litzinger, Lisa Rofel, Carlos Rojas, Bryan Tilt, Robin Visser, Biao Xiang, Emily T. Yeh

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374022
    Publication Date: 2016-08-05
    contrib-editor: Carlos Rojas; Ralph A. Litzinger
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374022
    illustrations-note: 15 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361770
    isbn-paper: 9780822361930
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This volume's contributors examine the ways the legacies of socialism continue to shape and inform China's capitalist present, contending that contemporary China is shaped by an overlapping mix of socialist and capitalist institutional strategies, political procedures, legal regulations, religious rituals, and everyday practices.

    subtitle: Development and Displacement in Global China
  • Ghostly Desires
    Author(s): Fuhrmann, Arnika
    Abstract:

    Through an examination of post-1997 Thai cinema and video art Arnika Fuhrmann shows how vernacular Buddhist tenets, stories, and images combine with sexual politics in figuring current struggles over notions of personhood, sexuality, and collective life. The drama, horror, heritage, and experimental art films she analyzes draw on Buddhist-informed conceptions of impermanence and prominently feature the motif of the female ghost. In these films the characters' eroticization in the spheres of loss and death represents an improvisation on the Buddhist disavowal of attachment and highlights under-recognized female and queer desire and persistence. Her feminist and queer readings reveal the entangled relationships between film, sexuality, Buddhist ideas, and the Thai state's regulation of heteronormative sexuality. Fuhrmann thereby provides insights into the configuration of contemporary Thailand while opening up new possibilities for thinking about queer personhood and femininity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374251
    Publication Date: 2016-06-10
    author-list-text: Arnika Fuhrmann
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Arnika Fuhrmann
    contrib-author: Arnika Fuhrmann
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374251
    illustrations-note: 29 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361190
    isbn-paper: 9780822361558
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In Ghostly Desires Arnika Fuhrmann examines post-1997 Thai cinema and video art to show how vernacular Buddhist values, stories, and images combine with sexual politics in figuring in current struggles over gender, sexuality, personhood, and collective life.

    subtitle: Queer Sexuality and Vernacular Buddhism in Contemporary Thai Cinema
  • Ghosts of Passion
    Author(s): Bunk, Brian D.
    Abstract:

    The question of what caused the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) is the central focus of modern Spanish historiography. In Ghosts of Passion, Brian D. Bunk argues that propaganda related to the revolution of October 1934 triggered the broader conflict by accentuating existing social tensions surrounding religion and gender. Through careful analysis of the images produced in books, newspapers, posters, rallies, and meetings, Bunk contends that Spain’s civil war was not inevitable. Commemorative imagery produced after October 1934 bridged the gap between rhetoric and action by dehumanizing opponents and encouraging violent action against them.

    In commemorating the uprising, revolutionaries and conservatives used the same methods to promote radically different political agendas: they deployed religious imagery to characterize the political situation as a battle between good and evil, with the fate of the nation hanging in the balance, and exploited traditional gender stereotypes to portray themselves as the defenders of social order against chaos. The resulting atmosphere of polarization combined with increasing political violence to plunge the country into civil war.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389569
    Publication Date: 2007-03-07
    author-list-text: Brian D. Bunk
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Brian D. Bunk
    contrib-author: Brian D. Bunk
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389569
    illustrations-note: 8 illustrations, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339328
    isbn-paper: 9780822339434
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Deals with central problem in modern Spanish history-- why did civil war break out in 1936-- arguing that cultural representations of earlier revolution helped trigger the war through focus on social tensions around religion and gender.

    subtitle: Martyrdom, Gender, and the Origins of the Spanish Civil War
  • Ghouls, Gimmicks, and Gold
    Author(s): Heffernan, Kevin
    Abstract:

    The Creature from the Black Lagoon, the Tingler, the Mole People—they stalked and oozed into audiences’ minds during the era that followed Boris Karloff’s Frankenstein and preceded terrors like Freddy Krueger (A Nightmare on Elm Street) and Chucky (Child’s Play). Ghouls, Gimmicks, and Gold pulls off the masks and wipes away the slime to reveal how the monsters that frightened audiences in the 1950s and 1960s—and the movies they crawled and staggered through—reflected fundamental changes in the film industry. Providing the first economic history of the horror film, Kevin Heffernan shows how the production, distribution, and exhibition of horror movies changed as the studio era gave way to the conglomeration of New Hollywood.

    Heffernan argues that major cultural and economic shifts in the production and reception of horror films began at the time of the 3-d film cycle of 1953–54 and ended with the 1968 adoption of the Motion Picture Association of America’s ratings system and the subsequent development of the adult horror movie—epitomized by Rosemary’s Baby. He describes how this period presented a number of daunting challenges for movie exhibitors: the high costs of technological upgrade, competition with television, declining movie attendance, and a diminishing number of annual releases from the major movie studios. He explains that the production and distribution branches of the movie industry responded to these trends by cultivating a youth audience, co-producing features with the film industries of Europe and Asia, selling films to television, and intensifying representations of sex and violence. Shining through Ghouls, Gimmicks, and Gold is the delight of the true horror movie buff, the fan thrilled to find The Brain that Wouldn’t Die on television at 3 am.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385554
    Publication Date: 2004-03-04
    author-list-text: Kevin Heffernan
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kevin Heffernan
    contrib-author: Kevin Heffernan
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385554
    illustrations-note: 61 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332022
    isbn-paper: 9780822332152
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The history of horror films and the horror film industry in the 1950s and 1960s.

    subtitle: Horror Films and the American Movie Business, 1953–1968
  • Gilles Deleuze’s Time Machine
    Author(s): Rodowick, David
    Abstract:

    Although Gilles Deleuze is one of France’s most celebrated twentieth-century philosophers, his theories of cinema have largely been ignored by American scholars. Film theorist D. N. Rodowick fills this gap by presenting the first comprehensive study, in any language, of Deleuze’s work on film and images. Placing Deleuze’s two books on cinema—The Movement-Image and The Time-Image—in the context of French cultural theory of the 1960s and 1970s, Rodowick examines the logic of Deleuze’s theories and the relationship of these theories to his influential philosophy of difference.

    Rodowick illuminates the connections between Deleuze’s writings on visual and scientific texts and describes the formal logic of his theory of images and signs. Revealing how Deleuzian views on film speak to the broader network of philosophical problems addressed in Deleuze’s other books—including his influential work with Félix Guattari—Rodowick shows not only how Deleuze modifies the dominant traditions of film theory, but also how the study of cinema is central to the project of modern philosophy.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396871
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: David Rodowick
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. David Rodowick
    contrib-author: David Rodowick
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822396871
    illustrations-note: 41 b&w photographs, 5 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319627
    isbn-paper: 9780822319702
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-contemporary interventions
    subtitle:
  • Give a Man a Fish
    Author(s): Ferguson, James
    Abstract:

    In Give a Man a Fish James Ferguson examines the rise of social welfare programs in southern Africa, in which states make cash payments to their low income citizens. More than thirty percent of South Africa's population receive such payments, even as pundits elsewhere proclaim the neoliberal death of the welfare state. These programs' successes at reducing poverty under conditions of mass unemployment, Ferguson argues, provide an opportunity for rethinking contemporary capitalism and for developing new forms of political mobilization. Interested in an emerging "politics of distribution," Ferguson shows how new demands for direct income payments (including so-called "basic income") require us to reexamine the relation between production and distribution, and to ask new questions about markets, livelihoods, labor, and the future of progressive politics.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375524
    Publication Date: 2015-03-23
    author-list-text: James Ferguson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James Ferguson
    contrib-author: James Ferguson
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375524
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358954
    isbn-paper: 9780822358862
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: The Lewis Henry Morgan Lectures
    short-abstract:

    James Ferguson examines the rise of social welfare programs in southern Africa in which states give cash payments to their low income citizens. These programs, Ferguson argues, offer new opportunities for political mobilization and inspire new ways to think about issues of production, distribution, markets, labor and unemployment.

    subtitle: Reflections on the New Politics of Distribution
  • Given to the Goddess
    Author(s): Ramberg, Lucinda
    Abstract:

    Who and what are marriage and sex for? Whose practices and which ways of talking to god can count as religion? Lucinda Ramberg considers these questions based upon two years of ethnographic research on an ongoing South Indian practice of dedication in which girls, and sometimes boys, are married to a goddess. Called devadasis, or jogatis, those dedicated become female and male women who conduct the rites of the goddess outside the walls of her main temple and transact in sex outside the bounds of conjugal matrimony. Marriage to the goddess, as well as the rites that the dedication ceremony authorizes jogatis to perform, have long been seen as illegitimate and criminalized. Kinship with the goddess is productive for the families who dedicate their children, Ramberg argues, and yet it cannot conform to modern conceptions of gender, family, or religion. This nonconformity, she suggests, speaks to the limitations of modern categories, as well as to the possibilities of relations—between and among humans and deities—that exceed such categories.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376415
    Publication Date: 2014-08-27
    author-list-text: Lucinda Ramberg
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lucinda Ramberg
    contrib-author: Lucinda Ramberg
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376415
    illustrations-note: 25 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357100
    isbn-paper: 9780822357247
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Based on two years of ethnographic research, this book considers an ongoing South Indian practice of dedication in which girls, and sometimes boys, are married to a goddess. Called devadasis, or jogatis, those dedicated become female and male women who conduct the rites of the goddess outside the walls of her main temple and transact in sex outside the bounds of conjugal matrimony.

    subtitle: South Indian Devadasis and the Sexuality of Religion
  • Global Cinderellas
    Author(s): Lan, Pei-Chia
    Abstract:

    Migrant women are the primary source of paid domestic labor around the world. Since the 1980s, the newly prosperous countries of East Asia have recruited foreign household workers at a rapidly increasing rate. Many come from the Philippines and Indonesia. Pei-Chia Lan interviewed and spent time with dozens of Filipina and Indonesian domestics working in and around Taipei as well as many of their Taiwanese employers. On the basis of the vivid ethnographic detail she collected, Lan provides a nuanced look at how boundaries between worker and employer are maintained and negotiated in private households. She also sheds light on the fate of the workers, “global Cinderellas” who seek an escape from poverty at home only to find themselves treated as disposable labor abroad.

    Lan demonstrates how economic disparities, immigration policies, race, ethnicity, and gender intersect in the relationship between the migrant workers and their Taiwanese employers. The employers are eager to flex their recently acquired financial muscle; many are first-generation career women as well as first-generation employers. The domestics are recruited from abroad as contract and “guest” workers; restrictive immigration policies prohibit them from seeking permanent residence or transferring from one employer to another. They care for Taiwanese families’ children, often having left their own behind. Throughout Global Cinderellas, Lan pays particular attention to how the women she studied identify themselves in relation to “others”—whether they be of different classes, nationalities, ethnicities, or education levels. In so doing, she offers a framework for thinking about how migrant workers and their employers understand themselves in the midst of dynamic transnational labor flows.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387787
    Publication Date: 2006-03-13
    author-list-text: Pei-Chia Lan
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Pei-Chia Lan
    contrib-author: Pei-Chia Lan
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387787
    illustrations-note: 13 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337300
    isbn-paper: 9780822337423
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A study of migrant Philipina domestic workers in Taiwan.

    subtitle: Migrant Domestics and Newly Rich Employers in Taiwan
  • Global Climate Change
    Author(s): Pilkey Jr., Orrin H.; Pilkey, Keith C.; Fraser, Mary Edna
    Abstract:

    An internationally recognized expert on the geology of barrier islands, Orrin H. Pilkey is one of the rare academics who engages in public advocacy about science-related issues. He has written dozens of books and articles explaining coastal processes to lay readers, and he is a frequent and outspoken interviewee in the mainstream media. Here, the colorful scientist takes on climate change deniers in an outstanding and much-needed primer on the science of global change and its effects.

    After explaining the greenhouse effect, Pilkey, writing with son Keith, turns to the damage it is causing: sea level rise, ocean acidification, glacier and sea ice melting, changing habitats, desertification, and the threats to animals, humans, coral reefs, marshes, and mangroves. These explanations are accompanied by Mary Edna Fraser’s stunning batiks depicting the large-scale arenas in which climate change plays out.

    The Pilkeys directly confront and rebut arguments typically advanced by global change deniers. Particularly valuable are their discussions of “Climategate,” a manufactured scandal that undermined respect for the scientific community, and the denial campaigns by the fossil fuel industry, which they compare to the tactics used by the tobacco companies a generation ago to obfuscate findings on the harm caused by cigarettes.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394662
    Publication Date: 2011-06-09
    author-list-text: Orrin H. Pilkey Jr., Keith C. Pilkey and Mary Edna Fraser
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Orrin H. Pilkey Jr.,
    2. Keith C. Pilkey and
    3. Mary Edna Fraser
    contrib-author: Orrin H. Pilkey Jr.; Keith C. Pilkey; Mary Edna Fraser
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394662
    illustrations-note: 37 color illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350958
    isbn-paper: 9780822351092
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An internationally recognized expert on the geology of barrier islands takes on climate change deniers in an outstanding and much-needed primer on the science of global change and its effects.

    subtitle: A Primer
  • Global Divas
    Author(s): Manalansan IV, Martin F.; Halberstam, Judith; Lowe, Lisa
    Abstract:

    A vivid ethnography of the global and transnational dimensions of gay identity as lived by Filipino immigrants in New York City, Global Divas challenges beliefs about the progressive development of a gay world and the eventual assimilation of all queer folks into gay modernity. Insisting that gay identity is not teleological but fraught with fissures, Martin Manalansan IV describes how Filipino gay immigrants, like many queers of color, are creating alternative paths to queer modernity and citizenship. He makes a compelling argument for the significance of diaspora and immigration as sites for investigating the complexities of gender, race, and sexuality.

    Manalansan locates diasporic, transnational, and global dimensions of gay and other queer identities within a framework of quotidian struggles ranging from everyday domesticity to public engagements with racialized and gendered images to life-threatening situations involving AIDS. He reveals the gritty, mundane, and often contradictory deeds and utterances of Filipino gay men as key elements of queer globalization and transnationalism. Through careful and sensitive analysis of these men’s lives and rituals, he demonstrates that transnational gay identity is not merely a consumable product or lifestyle, but rather a pivotal element in the multiple, shifting relationships that queer immigrants of color mobilize as they confront the tribulations of a changing world.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385172
    Publication Date: 2003-11-19
    author-list-text: Martin F. Manalansan IV, Judith Halberstam and Lisa Lowe
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Martin F. Manalansan IV,
    2. Judith Halberstam and
    3. Lisa Lowe
    contrib-author: Martin F. Manalansan IV
    contrib-series-editor: Judith Halberstam; Lisa Lowe
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385172
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332046
    isbn-paper: 9780822332176
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography of Filipino gay men in New York that explores their sexual and national identities.

    subtitle: Filipino Gay Men in the Diaspora
  • Global Icons
    Author(s): Ghosh, Bishnupriya
    Abstract:

    A widely disseminated photograph of Phoolan Devi, India’s famous bandit queen, surrendering to police forces in 1983 became an emotional touchstone for Indians who saw the outlaw as a lower-caste folk hero. That affective response was reignited in 1994 with the release of a feature film based on Phoolan Devi’s life. Despite charges of murder, arson, and looting pending against her, the bandit queen was elected to India’s parliament in 1996. Bishnupriya Ghosh considers Phoolan Devi, as well as Mother Teresa and Arundhati Roy, the prize winning author turned environmental activist, to be global icons: highly visible public figures capable of galvanizing intense affect and sometimes even catalyzing social change. Ghosh develops a materialist theory of global iconicity, taking into account the emotional and sensory responses that these iconic figures elicit, the globalized mass media through which their images and life stories travel, and the multiple modernities within which they are interpreted. The collective aspirations embodied in figures such as Barack Obama, Eva Perón, and Princess Diana show that Ghosh’s theory applies not just in South Asia but around the world.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394242
    Publication Date: 2011-08-03
    author-list-text: Bishnupriya Ghosh
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Bishnupriya Ghosh
    contrib-author: Bishnupriya Ghosh
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394242
    illustrations-note: 38 illustrations (incl. 3 frontispieces)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350040
    isbn-paper: 9780822350163
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Global Icons considers how highly visible public figures such as Mother Theresa become global icons capable of galvanizing intense affect and sometimes even catalyzing social change.

    subtitle: Apertures to the Popular
  • Global Indigenous Media
    Author(s): Wilson, Pamela; Stewart, Michelle; Salazar, Juan F.; Gauthier, Jennifer
    Abstract:

    In this exciting interdisciplinary collection, scholars, activists, and media producers explore the emergence of Indigenous media: forms of media expression conceptualized, produced, and created by Indigenous peoples around the globe. Whether discussing Maori cinema in New Zealand or activist community radio in Colombia, the contributors describe how native peoples use both traditional and new media to combat discrimination, advocate for resources and rights, and preserve their cultures, languages, and aesthetic traditions. By representing themselves in a variety of media, Indigenous peoples are also challenging misleading mainstream and official state narratives, forging international solidarity movements, and bringing human rights violations to international attention.

    Global Indigenous Media addresses Indigenous self-representation across many media forms, including feature film, documentary, animation, video art, television and radio, the Internet, digital archiving, and journalism. The volume’s sixteen essays reflect the dynamism of Indigenous media-making around the world. One contributor examines animated films for children produced by Indigenous-owned companies in the United States and Canada. Another explains how Indigenous media producers in Burma (Myanmar) work with NGOs and outsiders against the country’s brutal regime. Still another considers how the Ticuna Indians of Brazil are positioning themselves in relation to the international community as they collaborate in creating a CD-ROM about Ticuna knowledge and rituals. In the volume’s closing essay, Faye Ginsburg points out some of the problematic assumptions about globalization, media, and culture underlying the term “digital age” and claims that the age has arrived. Together the essays reveal the crucial role of Indigenous media in contemporary media at every level: local, regional, national, and international.

    Contributors: Lisa Brooten, Kathleen Buddle, Cache Collective, Michael Christie, Amalia Córdova,

    Galina Diatchkova, Priscila Faulhaber, Louis Forline, Jennifer Gauthier, Faye Ginsburg, Alexandra Halkin, Joanna Hearne, Ruth McElroy, Mario A. Murillo, Sari Pietikäinen, Juan Francisco Salazar,

    Laurel Smith, Michelle Stewart, Pamela Wilson

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388692
    Publication Date: 2008-08-06
    author-list-text: Juan F. Salazar and Jennifer Gauthier
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Juan F. Salazar and
    2. Jennifer Gauthier
    contrib-editor: Pamela Wilson; Michelle Stewart
    contrib-other: Juan F. Salazar; Jennifer Gauthier
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388692
    illustrations-note: 30 illustrations, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342915
    isbn-paper: 9780822343080
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Explores how indigenous peoples are entering, using, and creating new social spaces in a globalizing media environment, mapping this emergent trend across the globe.

    subtitle: Cultures, Poetics, and Politics
  • Global Indios
    Author(s): van Deusen, Nancy E.
    Abstract:

    In the sixteenth century hundreds of thousands of indios—indigenous peoples from the territories of the Spanish empire—were enslaved and relocated throughout the Iberian world. Although various laws and decrees outlawed indio enslavement, several loopholes allowed the practice to continue. In Global Indios Nancy E. van Deusen documents the more than one hundred lawsuits between 1530 and 1585 that indio slaves living in Castile brought to the Spanish courts to secure their freedom. Because plaintiffs had to prove their indio-ness in a Spanish imperial context, these lawsuits reveal the difficulties of determining who was an indio and who was not—especially since it was an all-encompassing construct connoting subservience and political personhood and at times could refer to people from Mexico, Peru, or South or East Asia. Van Deusen demonstrates that the categories of free and slave were often not easily defined, and she forces a rethinking of the meaning of indio in ways that emphasize the need to situate colonial Spanish American indigenous subjects in a global context.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375692
    Publication Date: 2015-04-08
    author-list-text: Nancy E. van Deusen
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nancy E. van Deusen
    contrib-author: Nancy E. van Deusen
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375692
    illustrations-note: 5 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358473
    isbn-paper: 9780822358589
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Narrating Native Histories
    short-abstract:

    Nancy van Deusen examines over one hundred lawsuits that indio slaves brought to the Spanish court in the mid-sixteenth century to gain their freedom. The category indio was largely constructed during these lawsuits, and van Deusen emphasizes the need to situate colonial indigenous subjects and slavery in a global context.

     

    subtitle: The Indigenous Struggle for Justice in Sixteenth-Century Spain
  • Global Pharmaceuticals
    Author(s): Petryna, Adriana; Lakoff, Andrew; Kleinman, Arthur
    Abstract:

    In some parts of the world spending on pharmaceuticals is astronomical. In others people do not have access to basic or life-saving drugs. Individuals struggle to afford medications; whole populations are neglected, considered too poor to constitute profitable markets for the development and distribution of necessary drugs. The ethnographies brought together in this timely collection analyze both the dynamics of the burgeoning international pharmaceutical trade and the global inequalities that emerge from and are reinforced by market-driven medicine. They demonstrate that questions about who will be treated and who will not filter through every phase of pharmaceutical production, from preclinical research to human testing, marketing, distribution, prescription, and consumption.

    Whether considering how American drug companies seek to create a market for antidepressants in Japan, how Brazil has created a model HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment program, or how the urban poor in Delhi understand and access healthcare, these essays illuminate the roles of corporations, governments, NGOs, and individuals in relation to global pharmaceuticals. Some essays show how individual and communal identities are affected by the marketing and availability of medications. Among these are an exploration of how the pharmaceutical industry shapes popular and expert understandings of mental illness in North America and Great Britain. There is also an examination of the agonizing choices facing Ugandan families trying to finance AIDS treatment. Several essays explore the inner workings of the emerging international pharmaceutical regime. One looks at the expanding quest for clinical research subjects; another at the entwining of science and business interests in the Argentine market for psychotropic medications. By bringing the moral calculations involved in the production and distribution of pharmaceuticals into stark relief, this collection charts urgent new territory for social scientific research.

    Contributors. Kalman Applbaum, João Biehl, Ranendra K. Das, Veena Das, David Healy, Arthur Kleinman, Betty Kyaddondo, Andrew Lakoff, Anne Lovell, Lotte Meinert, Adriana Petryna, Michael A. Whyte, Susan Reynolds Whyte

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387916
    Publication Date: 2006-02-22
    contrib-editor: Adriana Petryna; Andrew Lakoff; Arthur Kleinman
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387916
    illustrations-note: 5 tables, 5 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337294
    isbn-paper: 9780822337416
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Anthropological study of the globalization of pharmaceuticals and its effects on local cultures, health, and economics.

    subtitle: Ethics, Markets, Practices
  • Global Shadows
    Author(s): Ferguson, James
    Abstract:

    Both on the continent and off, “Africa” is spoken of in terms of crisis: as a place of failure and seemingly insurmountable problems, as a moral challenge to the international community. What, though, is really at stake in discussions about Africa, its problems, and its place in the world? And what should be the response of those scholars who have sought to understand not the “Africa” portrayed in broad strokes in journalistic accounts and policy papers but rather specific places and social realities within Africa?

    In Global Shadows the renowned anthropologist James Ferguson moves beyond the traditional anthropological focus on local communities to explore more general questions about Africa and its place in the contemporary world. Ferguson develops his argument through a series of provocative essays which open—as he shows they must—into interrogations of globalization, modernity, worldwide inequality, and social justice. He maintains that Africans in a variety of social and geographical locations increasingly seek to make claims of membership within a global community, claims that contest the marginalization that has so far been the principal fruit of “globalization” for Africa. Ferguson contends that such claims demand new understandings of the global, centered less on transnational flows and images of unfettered connection than on the social relations that selectively constitute global society and on the rights and obligations that characterize it.

    Ferguson points out that anthropologists and others who have refused the category of Africa as empirically problematic have, in their devotion to particularity, allowed themselves to remain bystanders in the broader conversations about Africa. In Global Shadows, he urges fellow scholars into the arena, encouraging them to find a way to speak beyond the academy about Africa’s position within an egregiously imbalanced world order.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387640
    Publication Date: 2006-02-07
    author-list-text: James Ferguson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James Ferguson
    contrib-author: James Ferguson
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387640
    illustrations-note: 2 tables, 1 map, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337058
    isbn-paper: 9780822337171
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of Ferguson's essays that bring the question of Africa into the center of current debates on globalization, modernity, and emerging forms of world order.

    subtitle: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order
  • Global/Local
    Author(s): Dissanayake, Wimal; Wilson, Rob; Chow, Rey; Harootunian, Harry; Miyoshi, Masao
    Abstract:

    This groundbreaking collection focuses on what may be, for cultural studies, the most intriguing aspect of contemporary globalization—the ways in which the postnational restructuring of the world in an era of transnational capitalism has altered how we must think about cultural production. Mapping a "new world space" that is simultaneously more globalized and localized than before, these essays examine the dynamic between the movement of capital, images, and technologies without regard to national borders and the tendency toward fragmentation of the world into increasingly contentious enclaves of difference, ethnicity, and resistance.

    Ranging across issues involving film, literature, and theory, as well as history, politics, economics, sociology, and anthropology, these deeply interdisciplinary essays explore the interwoven forces of globalism and localism in a variety of cultural settings, with a particular emphasis on the Asia-Pacific region. Powerful readings of the new image culture, transnational film genre, and the politics of spectacle are offered as is a critique of globalization as the latest guise of colonization. Articles that unravel the complex links between the global and local in terms of the unfolding narrative of capital are joined by work that illuminates phenomena as diverse as "yellow cab" interracial sex in Japan, machinic desire in Robocop movies, and the Pacific Rim city. An interview with Fredric Jameson by Paik Nak-Chung on globalization and Pacific Rim responses is also featured, as is a critical afterword by Paul Bové.

    Positioned at the crossroads of an altered global terrain, this volume, the first of its kind, analyzes the evolving transnational imaginary—the full scope of contemporary cultural production by which national identities of political allegiance and economic regulation are being undone, and in which imagined communities are being reshaped at both the global and local levels of everyday existence.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381990
    Publication Date: 1996-05-27
    author-list-text: Rey Chow, Harry Harootunian and Masao Miyoshi
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Rey Chow,
    2. Harry Harootunian and
    3. Masao Miyoshi
    contrib-editor: Wimal Dissanayake; Rob Wilson
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Harry Harootunian; Masao Miyoshi
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822381990
    isbn-cloth: 9780822317029
    isbn-paper: 9780822317128
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
    short-abstract:

    This groundbreaking collection focuses on what may be, for cultural studies, the most intriguing aspect of contemporary globalization—the ways in which the postnational restructuring of the world in an era of transnational capitalism has altered how we must think about cultural production. Mapping a "new world space" that is simultaneously more globalized and localized than before, these essays examine the dynamic between the movement of capital, images, and technologies without regard to national borders and the tendency toward fragmentation of the world into increasingly contentious enclaves of difference, ethnicity, and resistance.

    Ranging across issues involving film, literature, and theory, as well as history, politics, economics, sociology, and anthropology, these deeply interdisciplinary essays explore the interwoven forces of globalism and localism in a variety of cultural settings, with a particular emphasis on the Asia-Pacific region. Powerful readings of the new image culture, transnational film genre, and the politics of spectacle are offered as is a critique of globalization as the latest guise of colonization. Articles that unravel the complex links between the global and local in terms of the unfolding narrative of capital are joined by work that illuminates phenomena as diverse as "yellow cab" interracial sex in Japan, machinic desire in Robocop movies, and the Pacific Rim city. An interview with Fredric Jameson by Paik Nak-Chung on globalization and Pacific Rim responses is also featured, as is a critical afterword by Paul Bové.

    Positioned at the crossroads of an altered global terrain, this volume, the first of its kind, analyzes the evolving transnational imaginary—the full scope of contemporary cultural production by which national identities of political allegiance and economic regulation are being undone, and in which imagined communities are being reshaped at both the global and local levels of everyday existence.

    subtitle: Cultural Production and the Transnational Imaginary
  • Globalization
    Author(s): Appadurai, Arjun; Mbembe, Achille; Rekacewicz, Philippe; Huyssen, Andreas; Mandémory, Boubacar Touré
    Abstract:

    Edited by one of the most prominent scholars in the field and including a distinguished group of contributors, this collection of essays makes a striking intervention in the increasingly heated debates surrounding the cultural dimensions of globalization. While including discussions about what globalization is and whether it is a meaningful term, the volume focuses in particular on the way that changing sites—local, regional, diasporic—are the scenes of emergent forms of sovereignty in which matters of style, sensibility, and ethos articulate new legalities and new kinds of violence.

    Seeking an alternative to the dead-end debate between those who see globalization as a phenomenon wholly without precedent and those who see it simply as modernization, imperialism, or global capitalism with a new face, the contributors seek to illuminate how space and time are transforming each other in special ways in the present era. They examine how this complex transformation involves changes in the situation of the nation, the state, and the city. While exploring distinct regions—China, Africa, South America, Europe—and representing different disciplines and genres—anthropology, literature, political science, sociology, music, cinema, photography—the contributors are concerned with both the political economy of location and the locations in which political economies are produced and transformed. A special strength of the collection is its concern with emergent styles of subjectivity, citizenship, and mobilization and with the transformations of state power through which market rationalities are distributed and embodied locally.

    Contributors. Arjun Appadurai, Jean François Bayart, Jérôme Bindé, Néstor García Canclini, Leo Ching, Steven Feld, Ralf D. Hotchkiss, Wu Hung, Andreas Huyssen, Boubacar Touré Mandémory, Achille Mbembe, Philipe Rekacewicz, Saskia Sassen, Fatu Kande Senghor, Seteney Shami, Anna Tsing, Zhang Zhen

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383215
    Publication Date: 2001-08-13
    author-list-text: Achille Mbembe, Philippe Rekacewicz, Andreas Huyssen and Boubacar Touré Mandémory
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Achille Mbembe,
    2. Philippe Rekacewicz,
    3. Andreas Huyssen and
    4. Boubacar Touré Mandémory
    contrib-editor: Arjun Appadurai
    contrib-other: Achille Mbembe; Philippe Rekacewicz; Andreas Huyssen; Boubacar Touré Mandémory
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383215
    illustrations-note: 33 photos, 1 map, 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327257
    isbn-paper: 9780822327233
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a Public Culture Book
    short-abstract:

    A special issue of PUBLIC CULTURE, this volume of essays explores the experiences and political economies of globalization in various locales.

    subtitle:
  • Globalization and Race
    Author(s): Clarke, Kamari Maxine; Thomas, Deborah A.
    Abstract:

    Kamari Maxine Clarke and Deborah A. Thomas argue that a firm grasp of globalization requires an understanding of how race has constituted, and been constituted by, global transformations. Focusing attention on race as an analytic category, this state-of-the-art collection of essays explores the changing meanings of blackness in the context of globalization. It illuminates the connections between contemporary global processes of racialization and transnational circulations set in motion by imperialism and slavery; between popular culture and global conceptions of blackness; and between the work of anthropologists, policymakers, religious revivalists, and activists and the solidification and globalization of racial categories.

    A number of the essays bring to light the formative but not unproblematic influence of African American identity on other populations within the black diaspora. Among these are an examination of the impact of “black America” on racial identity and politics in mid-twentieth-century Liverpool and an inquiry into the distinctive experiences of blacks in Canada. Contributors investigate concepts of race and space in early-twenty-first century Harlem, the experiences of trafficked Nigerian sex workers in Italy, and the persistence of race in the purportedly non-racial language of the “New South Africa.” They highlight how blackness is consumed and expressed in Cuban timba music, in West Indian adolescent girls’ fascination with Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and in the incorporation of American rap music into black London culture. Connecting race to ethnicity, gender, sexuality, nationality, and religion, these essays reveal how new class economies, ideologies of belonging, and constructions of social difference are emerging from ongoing global transformations.

    Contributors. Robert L. Adams, Lee D. Baker, Jacqueline Nassy Brown, Tina M. Campt, Kamari Maxine Clarke, Raymond Codrington, Grant Farred, Kesha Fikes, Isar Godreau, Ariana Hernandez-Reguant, Jayne O. Ifekwunigwe, John L. Jackson Jr., Oneka LaBennett, Naomi Pabst, Lena Sawyer, Deborah A. Thomas

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387596
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Kamari Maxine Clarke; Deborah A. Thomas
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387596
    illustrations-note: 1 illustration
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337591
    isbn-paper: 9780822337720
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Transformations in the Cultural Production of Blackness
  • Globalization and the Post-Creole Imagination
    Author(s): Northover, Patricia Marie; Crichlow, Michaeline
    Abstract:

    Globalization and the Post-Creole Imagination is a major intervention into discussions of Caribbean practices gathered under the rubric of “creolization.” Examining sociocultural, political, and economic transformations in the Caribbean, Michaeline A. Crichlow argues that creolization—culture-creating processes usually associated with plantation societies and with subordinate populations remaking the cultural forms of dominant groups—must be liberated from and expanded beyond plantations, and even beyond the black Atlantic, to include productions of “culture” wherever vulnerable populations live in situations of modern power inequalities, from regimes of colonialism to those of neoliberalism. Crichlow theorizes a concept of creolization that speaks to how individuals from historically marginalized groups refashion self, time, and place in multiple ways, from creating art to traveling in search of homes. Grounding her theory in the material realities of Caribbean peoples in the plantation era and the present, Crichlow contends that creolization and Creole subjectivity are constantly in flux, morphing in response to the changing conditions of modernity and creatively expressing a politics of place.

    Engaging with the thought of Michel Foucault, Michel Rolph-Trouillot, Achille Mbembe, Henri Lefebvre, Margaret Archer, Saskia Sassen, Pierre Bourdieu, and others, Crichlow argues for understanding creolization as a continual creative remaking of past and present moments to shape the future. She draws on sociology, philosophy, postcolonial studies, and cultural studies to illustrate how national histories are lived personally and how transnational experiences reshape individual lives and collective spaces. Critically extending Bourdieu’s idea of habitus, she describes how contemporary Caribbean subjects remake themselves in and beyond the Caribbean region, challenging, appropriating, and subverting older, localized forms of creolization. In this book, Crichlow offers a nuanced understanding of how Creole citizens of the Caribbean have negotiated modern economies of power.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392453
    Publication Date: 2009-06-16
    author-list-text: Patricia Marie Northover and Michaeline Crichlow
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Patricia Marie Northover and
    2. Michaeline Crichlow
    contrib-author: Patricia Marie Northover; Michaeline Crichlow
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392453
    illustrations-note: 3 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344278
    isbn-paper: 9780822344414
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    An interdisciplinary argument that the concept of cultural creolization must be expanded to encompass cultural productions by vulnerable populations living in situations of modern power inequalities anywhere in the world.

    subtitle: Notes on Fleeing the Plantation
  • Globalizing Afghanistan
    Author(s): Jalalzai, Zubeda; Jefferess, David
    Abstract:

    Globalizing Afghanistan offers a kaleidoscopic view of Afghanistan and the global networks of power, influence, and representation in which it is immersed. The military and nation-building interventions initiated by the United States in reaction to the events of September 11, 2001, are the background and motivation for this collection, but they are not the immediate subject of the essays. Seeking to understand the events of the past decade in a broad frame, the contributors draw on cultural and postcolonial approaches to provide new insights into this ongoing conflict. They focus on matters such as the implications of Afghanistan’s lucrative opium trade, the links between the contemporary Taliban movement and major events in the Islamic world and Central Asia since the early twentieth century, and interactions between transnational feminist organizations and the Afghan women’s movement. Several contributors address questions of representation. One looks at portrayals of Afghan women by the U.S. government and Western media and feminists. Another explores the surprisingly prominent role of Iranian filmmaking in the production of a global cinematic discourse about Afghanistan. A Pakistani journalist describes how coverage of Afghanistan by reporters working from Pakistan’s Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa (formerly the North West Frontier Province) has changed over the past decade. This rich panoply of perspectives on Afghanistan concludes with a reflection on how academics might produce meaningful alternative viewpoints on the exercise of American power abroad.

    Contributors. Gwen Bergner, Maliha Chishti, Cheshmak Farhoumand-Sims, Nigel C. Gibson, Zubeda Jalalzai, David Jefferess, Altaf Ullah Khan, Kamran Rastegar, Rodney J. Steward, Imre Szeman

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394211
    Publication Date: 2011-05-16
    contrib-editor: Zubeda Jalalzai; David Jefferess
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394211
    illustrations-note: 13 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350019
    isbn-paper: 9780822350149
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American encounters/global interactions
    short-abstract:

    International scholars, activists, and aid workers address Afghanistan and the current phase of the U.S.-led War on Terror and place Afghanistan within global networks of power and influence, highlighting that nation's role in long term issues of nation-b

    subtitle: Terrorism, War, and the Rhetoric of Nation Building
  • Go-Go Live
    Author(s): Hopkinson, Natalie
    Abstract:

    Go-go is the conga drum–inflected black popular music that emerged in Washington, D.C., during the 1970s. The guitarist Chuck Brown, the "Godfather of Go-Go," created the music by mixing sounds borrowed from church and the blues with the funk and flavor that he picked up playing for a local Latino band. Born in the inner city, amid the charred ruins of the 1968 race riots, go-go generated a distinct culture and an economy of independent, almost exclusively black-owned businesses that sold tickets to shows and recordings of live go-gos. At the peak of its popularity, in the 1980s, go-go could be heard around the capital every night of the week, on college campuses and in crumbling historic theaters, hole-in-the-wall nightclubs, backyards, and city parks.

    Go-Go Live is a social history of black Washington told through its go-go music and culture. Encompassing dance moves, nightclubs, and fashion, as well as the voices of artists, fans, business owners, and politicians, Natalie Hopkinson's Washington-based narrative reflects the broader history of race in urban America in the second half of the twentieth century and the early twenty-first. In the 1990s, the middle class that had left the city for the suburbs in the postwar years began to return. Gentrification drove up property values and pushed go-go into D.C.'s suburbs. The Chocolate City is in decline, but its heart, D.C.'s distinctive go-go musical culture, continues to beat. On any given night, there's live go-go in the D.C. metro area.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395201
    Publication Date: 2012-05-22
    author-list-text: Natalie Hopkinson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Natalie Hopkinson
    contrib-author: Natalie Hopkinson
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395201
    illustrations-note: 34 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352006
    isbn-paper: 9780822352112
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Go-go is an upbeat, funky Black popular music from Washington, D.C. with a history as long as that of house or hip-hop. Natalie Hopkinson is the Media and Culture Critic for The Root, with access to clubs, producers, and artists, and is therefore well-placed to tell the story of the music from the 70s to the present. With the regentrification of the District, more of the Black population and the go-go industry have moved to the Maryland suburbs. In Go-Go Live, Hopkinson gives a critical, inside account of the scene and how it survives in a changing city.

    subtitle: The Musical Life and Death of a Chocolate City
  • Gods in the Bazaar
    Author(s): Jain, Kajri; Thomas, Nicholas
    Abstract:

    Gods in the Bazaar is a fascinating account of the printed images known in India as “calendar art” or “bazaar art,” the color-saturated, mass-produced pictures often used on calendars and in advertisements, featuring deities and other religious themes as well as nationalist leaders, alluring women, movie stars, chubby babies, and landscapes. Calendar art appears in all manner of contexts in India: in chic elite living rooms, middle-class kitchens, urban slums, village huts; hung on walls, stuck on scooters and computers, propped up on machines, affixed to dashboards, tucked into wallets and lockets. In this beautifully illustrated book, Kajri Jain examines the power that calendar art wields in Indian mass culture, arguing that its meanings derive as much from the production and circulation of the images as from their visual features.

    Jain draws on interviews with artists, printers, publishers, and consumers as well as analyses of the prints themselves to trace the economies—of art, commerce, religion, and desire—within which calendar images and ideas about them are formulated. For Jain, an analysis of the bazaar, or vernacular commercial arena, is crucial to understanding not only the calendar art that circulates within the bazaar but also India’s postcolonial modernity and the ways that its mass culture has developed in close connection with a religiously inflected nationalism. The bazaar is characterized by the coexistence of seemingly incompatible elements: bourgeois-liberal and neoliberal modernism on the one hand, and vernacular discourses and practices on the other. Jain argues that from the colonial era to the present, capitalist expansion has depended on the maintenance of these multiple coexisting realms: the sacred, the commercial, and the artistic; the official and the vernacular.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389736
    Publication Date: 2007-03-16
    author-list-text: Kajri Jain and Nicholas Thomas
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kajri Jain and
    2. Nicholas Thomas
    contrib-author: Kajri Jain
    contrib-series-editor: Nicholas Thomas
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389736
    illustrations-note: 156 color illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339069
    isbn-paper: 9780822339267
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories
    short-abstract:

    A theoretically informed cultural study of the design, production, and circulation of Indian calendar art.

    subtitle: The Economies of Indian Calendar Art
  • Gods of the Blood
    Author(s): Gardell, Mattias
    Abstract:

    Racist paganism is a thriving but understudied element of the American religious and cultural landscape. Gods of the Blood is the first in-depth survey of the people, ideologies, and practices that make up this fragmented yet increasingly radical and militant milieu. Over a five-year period during the 1990s Mattias Gardell observed and participated in pagan ceremonies and interviewed pagan activists across the United States. His unprecedented entree into this previously obscure realm is the basis for this firsthand account of the proliferating web of organizations and belief systems combining pre-Christian pagan mythologies with Aryan separatism. Gardell outlines the historical development of the different strands of racist paganism—including Wotanism, Odinism and Darkside Asatrú—and situates them on the spectrum of pagan belief ranging from Wicca and goddess worship to Satanism.

    Gods of the Blood details the trends that have converged to fuel militant paganism in the United States: anti-government sentiments inflamed by such events as Ruby Ridge and Waco, the rise of the white power music industry (including whitenoise, dark ambient, and hatecore), the extraordinary reach of modern communications technologies, and feelings of economic and cultural marginalization in the face of globalization and increasing racial and ethnic diversity of the American population. Gardell elucidates how racist pagan beliefs are formed out of various combinations of conspiracy theories, anti-Semitism, warrior ideology, populism, beliefs in racial separatism, Klandom, skinhead culture, and tenets of national socialism. He shows how these convictions are further animated by an array of thought selectively derived from thinkers including Nietzche, historian Oswald Spengler, Carl Jung, and racist mystics. Scrupulously attentive to the complexities of racist paganism as it is lived and practiced, Gods of the Blood is a fascinating, disturbing, and important portrait of the virulent undercurrents of certain kinds of violence in America today.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384502
    Publication Date: 2003-06-06
    author-list-text: Mattias Gardell
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Mattias Gardell
    contrib-author: Mattias Gardell
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384502
    illustrations-note: 26 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330592
    isbn-paper: 9780822330714
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnographic study of the development of racist paganism in the United States during the 1990s, examining the economic, cultural, and political developments racist paganism reacts to or makes use of.

    subtitle: The Pagan Revival and White Separatism
  • Good Bread Is Back
    Author(s): Kaplan, Steven Laurence; Porter, Catherine
    Abstract:

    In Good Bread Is Back, historian and leading French bread expert Steven Laurence Kaplan takes readers into aromatic Parisian bakeries as he explains how good bread began to reappear in France in the 1990s, following almost a century of decline in quality. Kaplan describes how, while bread comprised the bulk of the French diet during the eighteenth century, by the twentieth, per capita consumption had dropped off precipitously. This was largely due to social and economic modernization and the availability of a wider choice of foods. But part of the problem was that the bread did not taste good. In a culture in which bread is sacrosanct, bad bread was more than a gastronomical disappointment; it was a threat to France's sense of itself. By the mid-1990s bakers rallied, and bread officially designated as "bread of the French tradition" was in demand throughout Paris. Kaplan meticulously describes good bread's ideal crust and crumb (interior), mouth feel, aroma, and taste. He discusses the breadmaking process in extraordinary detail, from the ingredients to the kneading, shaping, and baking, and even the sound bread should make when it comes out of the oven. Kaplan does more than tell the story of the revival of good bread in France. He makes the reader see, smell, taste, feel, and even hear why it is so very wonderful that good bread is back.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388289
    Publication Date: 2015-01-19
    author-list-text: Steven Laurence Kaplan and Catherine Porter
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Steven Laurence Kaplan and
    2. Catherine Porter
    contrib-author: Steven Laurence Kaplan
    contrib-translator: Catherine Porter
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388289
    illustrations-note: 46 color illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338338
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Leading French bread expert Steven Laurence Kaplan narrates the decline and rise of the French artisanal breadmaking tradition, explaining in detail the breadmaking process and the ideal characteristics of good bread.

    subtitle: A Contemporary History of French Bread, the Way It Is Made, and the People Who Make It
  • Good Faith and Truthful Ignorance
    Author(s): Cook, Alexandra Parma; Cook, Alexandra Parma
    Abstract:

    Good Faith and Truthful Ignorance uncovers from history the fascinating and strange story of Spanish explorer Francisco Noguerol de Ulloa. in 1556, accompanied by his second wife, Francisco returned to his home in Spain after a profitable twenty-year sojourn in the new world of Peru. However, unlike most other rich conquistadores who returned to the land of their birth, Francisco was not allowed to settle into a life of leisure. Instead, he was charged with bigamy and illegal shipment of silver, was arrested and imprisoned. Francisco’s first wife (thought long dead) had filed suit in Spain against her renegade husband.

    So begins the labyrinthine legal tale and engrossing drama of an explorer and his two wives, skillfully reconstructed through the expert and original archival research of Alexandra Parma Cook and Noble David Cook. Drawing on the remarkable records from the trial, the narrative of Francisco’s adventures provides a window into daily life in sixteenth-century Spain, as well as the mentalité and experience of conquest and settlement of the New World. Told from the point of view of the conquerors, Francisco’s story reveals not only the lives of the middle class and minor nobility but also much about those at the lower rungs of the social order and relations between the sexes.

    In the tradition of Carlo Ginzberg’s The Cheese and the Worms and Natalie Zemon Davis’ The Return of Martin Guerre, Good Faith and Truthful Ignorance illuminates an historical period—the world of sixteenth-century Spain and Peru—through the wonderful and unusual story of one man and his two wives.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396895
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Alexandra Parma Cook and Alexandra Parma Cook
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Alexandra Parma Cook and
    2. Alexandra Parma Cook
    contrib-author: Alexandra Parma Cook; Alexandra Parma Cook
    copyright-year: 1991
    eisbn: 9780822396895
    illustrations-note: 30 b&w illustrations
    isbn-paper: 9780822312222
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: A Case of Transatlantic Bigamy
  • Goth
    Author(s): Goodlad, Lauren M. E.; Bibby, Michael; Gunn, Joshua; Schilt, Kristen
    Abstract:

    Since it first emerged from Britain’s punk-rock scene in the late 1970s, goth subculture has haunted postmodern culture and society, reinventing itself inside and against the mainstream. Goth: Undead Subculture is the first collection of scholarly essays devoted to this enduring yet little examined cultural phenomenon. Twenty-three essays from various disciplines explore the music, cinema, television, fashion, literature, aesthetics, and fandoms associated with the subculture. They examine goth’s many dimensions—including its melancholy, androgyny, spirituality, and perversity—and take readers inside locations in Los Angeles, Austin, Leeds, London, Buffalo, New York City, and Sydney. A number of the contributors are or have been participants in the subculture, and several draw on their own experiences.

    The volume’s editors provide a rich history of goth, describing its play of resistance and consumerism; its impact on class, race, and gender; and its distinctive features as an “undead” subculture in light of post-subculture studies and other critical approaches. The essays include an interview with the distinguished fashion historian Valerie Steele; analyses of novels by Anne Rice, Poppy Z. Brite, and Nick Cave; discussions of goths on the Internet; and readings of iconic goth texts from Bram Stoker’s Dracula to James O’Barr’s graphic novel The Crow. Other essays focus on gothic music, including seminal precursors such as Joy Division and David Bowie, and goth-influenced performers such as the Cure, Nine Inch Nails, and Marilyn Manson. Gothic sexuality is explored in multiple ways, the subjects ranging from the San Francisco queercore scene of the 1980s to the increasing influence of fetishism and fetish play. Together these essays demonstrate that while its participants are often middle-class suburbanites, goth blurs normalizing boundaries even as it appears as an everlasting shadow of late capitalism.

    Contributors: Heather Arnet, Michael Bibby, Jessica Burstein, Angel M. Butts, Michael du Plessis, Jason Friedman, Nancy Gagnier, Ken Gelder, Lauren M. E. Goodlad, Joshua Gunn, Trevor Holmes, Paul Hodkinson, David Lenson, Robert Markley, Mark Nowak, Anna Powell, Kristen Schilt, Rebecca Schraffenberger, David Shumway, Carol Siegel, Catherine Spooner, Lauren Stasiak, Jeffrey Andrew Weinstock

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389705
    Publication Date: 2007-03-21
    author-list-text: Joshua Gunn and Kristen Schilt
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Joshua Gunn and
    2. Kristen Schilt
    contrib-editor: Lauren M. E. Goodlad; Michael Bibby
    contrib-other: Joshua Gunn; Kristen Schilt
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389705
    illustrations-note: 67 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339083
    isbn-paper: 9780822339212
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography of a postpunk subculture.

    subtitle: Undead Subculture
  • Governing Gaza
    Author(s): Feldman, Ilana
    Abstract:

    Marred by political tumult and violent conflict since the early twentieth century, Gaza has been subject to a multiplicity of rulers. Still not part of a sovereign state, it would seem too exceptional to be a revealing site for a study of government. Ilana Feldman proves otherwise. She demonstrates that a focus on the Gaza Strip uncovers a great deal about how government actually works, not only in that small geographical space but more generally. Gaza’s experience shows how important bureaucracy is for the survival of government. Feldman analyzes civil service in Gaza under the British Mandate (1917–48) and the Egyptian Administration (1948–67). In the process, she sheds light on how governing authority is produced and reproduced; how government persists, even under conditions that seem untenable; and how government affects and is affected by the people and places it governs.

    Drawing on archival research in Gaza, Cairo, Jerusalem, and London, as well as two years of ethnographic research with retired civil servants in Gaza, Feldman identifies two distinct, and in some ways contradictory, governing practices. She illuminates mechanisms of “reiterative authority” derived from the minutiae of daily bureaucratic practice, such as the repetitions of filing procedures, the accumulation of documents, and the habits of civil servants. Looking at the provision of services, she highlights the practice of “tactical government,” a deliberately restricted mode of rule that makes limited claims about governmental capacity, shifting in response to crisis and operating without long-term planning. This practice made it possible for government to proceed without claiming legitimacy: by holding the question of legitimacy in abeyance. Feldman shows that Gaza’s governments were able to manage under, though not to control, the difficult conditions in Gaza by deploying both the regularity of everyday bureaucracy and the exceptionality of tactical practice.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389132
    Publication Date: 2008-06-10
    author-list-text: Ilana Feldman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ilana Feldman
    contrib-author: Ilana Feldman
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389132
    illustrations-note: 11 b&w photos, 3 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342229
    isbn-paper: 9780822342403
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An investigation into how government persists under even the most untenable conditions, based on an analysis of government in Gaza between 1917 and 1967.

    subtitle: Bureaucracy, Authority, and the Work of Rule, 1917–1967
  • Governing Indigenous Territories
    Author(s): Erazo, Juliet S.
    Abstract:

    Governing Indigenous Territories illuminates a paradox of modern indigenous lives. In recent decades, native peoples from Alaska to Cameroon have sought and gained legal title to significant areas of land, not as individuals or families but as large, collective organizations. Obtaining these collective titles represents an enormous accomplishment; it also creates dramatic changes. Once an indigenous territory is legally established, other governments and organizations expect it to act as a unified political entity, making decisions on behalf of its population and managing those living within its borders. A territorial government must mediate between outsiders and a not-always-united population within a context of constantly shifting global development priorities. The people of Rukullakta, a large indigenous territory in Ecuador, have struggled to enact sovereignty since the late 1960s. Drawing broadly applicable lessons from their experiences of self-rule, Juliet S. Erazo shows how collective titling produces new expectations, obligations, and subjectivities within indigenous territories.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378921
    Publication Date: 2013-07-12
    author-list-text: Juliet S. Erazo
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Juliet S. Erazo
    contrib-author: Juliet S. Erazo
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822378921
    illustrations-note: 6 photos, 2 tables, 10 maps, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354406
    isbn-paper: 9780822354543
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography showing that collective land titling for native peoples is both an enormous accomplishment and a source of new expectations, obligations, and subjectivities within the legally established indigenous territories.

    subtitle: Enacting Sovereignty in the Ecuadorian Amazon
  • Gramsci's Common Sense
    Author(s): Crehan, Kate
    Abstract:

    Acknowledged as one of the classics of twentieth-century Marxism, Antonio Gramsci's Prison Notebooks contains a rich and nuanced theorization of class that provides insights that extend far beyond economic inequality. In Gramsci's Common Sense Kate Crehan offers new ways to understand the many forms that structural inequality can take, including in regards to race, gender, sexual orientation, and religion. Presupposing no previous knowledge of Gramsci on the part of the reader, she introduces the Prison Notebooks and provides an overview of Gramsci’s notions of subalternity, intellectuals, and common sense, putting them in relation to the work of thinkers such as Bourdieu, Arendt, Spivak, and Said. In the case studies of the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street movements, Crehan theorizes the complex relationships between the experience of inequality, exploitation, and oppression, as well as the construction of political narratives. Gramsci's Common Sense is an accessible and concise introduction to a key Marxist thinker whose works illuminate the increasing inequality in the twenty-first century.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373742
    Publication Date: 2016-09-16
    author-list-text: Kate Crehan
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kate Crehan
    contrib-author: Kate Crehan
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373742
    illustrations-note: 6 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362197
    isbn-paper: 9780822362395
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Kate Crehan applies Antonio Gramsci's concepts of subalternity, intellectuals, and common sense to offer new ways to understand the many forms that structural inequality can take and the relationships between the experience of inequality, exploitation, and oppression as well as the construction of political narratives.

    subtitle: Inequality and Its Narratives
  • Grand Designs
    Author(s): Kriegel, Lara; Walkowitz, Daniel J.
    Abstract:

    With this richly illustrated history of industrial design reform in nineteenth-century Britain, Lara Kriegel demonstrates that preoccupations with trade, labor, and manufacture lay at the heart of debates about cultural institutions during the Victorian era. Through aesthetic reform, Victorians sought to redress the inferiority of British crafts in comparison to those made on the continent and in the colonies. Declaring a crisis of design and workmanship among the British laboring classes, reformers pioneered schools of design, copyright protections, and spectacular displays of industrial and imperial wares, most notably the Great Exhibition of 1851. Their efforts culminated with the establishment of the South Kensington Museum, predecessor to the Victoria and Albert Museum, which stands today as home to the world’s foremost collection of the decorative and applied arts. Kriegel’s identification of the significant links between markets and museums, and between economics and aesthetics, amounts to a rethinking of Victorian cultural formation.

    Drawing on a wide range of sources, including museum guidebooks, design manuals, illustrated newspapers, pattern books, and government reports, Kriegel brings to life the many Victorians who claimed a stake in aesthetic reform during the middle years of the nineteenth century. The aspiring artists who attended the Government School of Design, the embattled provincial printers who sought a strengthened industrial copyright, the exhibition-going millions who visited the Crystal Palace, the lower-middle-class consumers who learned new principles of taste in metropolitan museums, and the working men of London who critiqued the city’s art and design collections—all are cast by Kriegel as leading cultural actors of their day. Grand Designs shows how these Victorians vied to upend aesthetic hierarchies in an imperial age and, in the process, to refashion London’s public culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390534
    Publication Date: 2007-12-12
    author-list-text: Lara Kriegel and Daniel J. Walkowitz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lara Kriegel and
    2. Daniel J. Walkowitz
    contrib-author: Lara Kriegel
    contrib-series-editor: Daniel J. Walkowitz
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390534
    illustrations-note: 74 illus., including 8 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340515
    isbn-paper: 9780822340720
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical Perspectives
    short-abstract:

    Combines cultural and labor history of Victorian Britain to investigate the relationship of culture to design, the role of the marketplace in the making of cultural institutions such as museums, and England's eventual loss of industrial superiority.

    subtitle: Labor, Empire, and the Museum in Victorian Culture

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