Browse by Title : D

  • D-Passage
    Author(s): Trinh, Minh-ha T.
    Abstract:

    D-Passage is a unique book by the world-renowned filmmaker, artist, and critical theorist Trinh T. Minh-ha. Taking as grounding forces her feature film Night Passage and installation L'Autre marche (The Other Walk), both co-created with Jean-Paul Bourdier, she discusses the impact of new technology on cinema culture and explores its effects on creative practice. Less a medium than a "way," the digital is here featured in its mobile, transformative passages. Trinh's reflections shed light on several of her major themes: temporality; transitions; transcultural encounters; ways of seeing and knowing; and the implications of the media used, the artistic practices engaged in, and the representations created. In D-Passage, form and structure, rhythm and movement, and language and imagery are inseparable. The book integrates essays, artistic statements, in-depth conversations, the script of Night Passage, movie stills, photos, and sketches.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377320
    Publication Date: 2013-08-30
    author-list-text: Minh-ha T. Trinh
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Minh-ha T. Trinh
    contrib-author: Minh-ha T. Trinh
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377320
    illustrations-note: 50 photographs (incl. 8 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355250
    isbn-paper: 9780822355403
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The world-renowned filmmaker, artist, and critical theorist Trinh T. Minh-ha discusses the potentials and impact of new technology on cinema culture and explores its effects on creative practice.

    subtitle: The Digital Way
  • Dalit Studies
    Author(s): Rawat, Ramnarayan S.; Satyanarayana, K.
    Abstract:

    The contributors to this major intervention into Indian historiography trace the strategies through which Dalits have been marginalized as well as the ways Dalit intellectuals and leaders have shaped emancipatory politics in modern India. Moving beyond the anticolonialism/nationalism binary that dominates the study of India, the contributors assess the benefits of colonial modernity and place humiliation, dignity, and spatial exclusion at the center of Indian historiography. Several essays discuss the ways Dalits used the colonial courts and legislature to gain minority rights in the early twentieth century, while others highlight Dalit activism in social and religious spheres. The contributors also examine the struggle of contemporary middle-class Dalits to reconcile their caste and class, intercaste tensions among Sikhs, and the efforts by Dalit writers to challenge dominant constructions of secular and class-based citizenship while emphasizing the ongoing destructiveness of caste identity. In recovering the long history of Dalit struggles against caste violence, exclusion, and discrimination, Dalit Studies outlines a new agenda for the study of India, enabling a significant reconsideration of many of the Indian academy's core assumptions.

     

    Contributors: D. Shyam Babu, Laura Brueck, Sambaiah Gundimeda, Gopal Guru, Rajkumar Hans, Chinnaiah Jangam, Surinder Jodhka, P. Sanal Mohan, Ramnarayan Rawat, K. Satyanarayana

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374312
    Publication Date: 2016-04-29
    contrib-editor: Ramnarayan S. Rawat; K. Satyanarayana
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374312
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361138
    isbn-paper: 9780822361329
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Analyzes the role of Dalits (formerly untouchables) in shaping modern India, including discourse about caste, and interrogates the dominant narratives that have been used to represent India's history.

    subtitle:
  • Dance Floor Democracy
    Author(s): Tucker, Sherrie
    Abstract:

    Open from 1942 until 1945, the Hollywood Canteen was the most famous of the patriotic home front nightclubs where civilian hostesses jitterbugged with enlisted men of the Allied Nations. Since the opening night, when the crowds were so thick that Bette Davis had to enter through the bathroom window to give her welcome speech, the storied dance floor where movie stars danced with soldiers has been the subject of much U.S. nostalgia about the "Greatest Generation." Drawing from oral histories with civilian volunteers and military guests who danced at the wartime nightclub, Sherrie Tucker explores how jitterbugging swing culture has come to represent the war in U.S. national memory. Yet her interviewees' varied experiences and recollections belie the possibility of any singular historical narrative. Some recall racism, sexism, and inequality on the nightclub's dance floor and in Los Angeles neighborhoods, dynamics at odds with the U.S. democratic, egalitarian ideals associated with the Hollywood Canteen and the "Good War" in popular culture narratives. For Tucker, swing dancing's torque—bodies sharing weight, velocity, and turning power without guaranteed outcomes—is an apt metaphor for the jostling narratives, different perspectives, unsteady memories, and quotidian acts that comprise social history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376200
    Publication Date: 2014-09-22
    author-list-text: Sherrie Tucker
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sherrie Tucker
    contrib-author: Sherrie Tucker
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376200
    illustrations-note: 36 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357421
    isbn-paper: 9780822357575
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Open from 1942 until 1945, the Hollywood Canteen was the most famous of the patriotic home-front nightclubs where civilian hostesses jitterbugged with enlisted men of the Allied Nations. The storied dance floor remains the subject of much U.S. national nostalgia for the "Good War" and the "Greatest Generation." By drawing from oral histories with civilian volunteers and military guests who danced at the wartime nightclub, Sherrie Tucker complicates the history of the Hollywood Canteen.

    subtitle: The Social Geography of Memory at the Hollywood Canteen
  • Dancing in Spite of Myself
    Author(s): Grossberg, Lawrence
    Abstract:

    In Dancing in Spite of Myself, Lawrence Grossberg—well known as a pioneering figure in cultural studies—has collected essays written over the past twenty years that have also established him as one of the leading theorists of popular culture and, specifically, of rock music. Grossberg offers an original and sophisticated view of the growing power of popular culture and its increasing inseparability from contemporary structures of economic and political power and from our everyday lives.

    In the course of conducting this exploration into the meaning of "popularity," he investigates the nature of fandom, the social effects of rock music and youth culture, and the possibilities for understanding the history of popular texts and practices. Describing what he calls "the postmodernity of everyday life," Grossberg offers important insights into the relation of pop music to issues of postmodernity and inton the growing power of the new cultural conservatism and its relationship to "the popular." Exploring the limits of existing theories of hegemony in cultural studies, Grossberg reveals the ways in which popular culture is being mobilized in the service of economic and political struggles. In articulating his own critical practice, Grossberg surveys and challenges some of the major assumptions of popular culture studies, including notions of domination and resistance, mainstream and marginality, and authenticity and incorporation.

    Dancing in Spite of Myself provides an introduction to contemporary theories of popular culture and a clear statement of relationships among theories of the nature of rock music, postmodernity, and conservative hegemony.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396529
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Lawrence Grossberg
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lawrence Grossberg
    contrib-author: Lawrence Grossberg
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822396529
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319122
    isbn-paper: 9780822319177
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Essays on Popular Culture
  • Dancing with the Dead
    Author(s): Nelson, Christopher T.; Chow, Rey; Harootunian, Harry; Miyoshi, Masao
    Abstract:

    Challenging conventional understandings of time and memory, Christopher T. Nelson examines how contemporary Okinawans have contested, appropriated, and transformed the burdens and possibilities of the past. Nelson explores the work of a circle of Okinawan storytellers, ethnographers, musicians, and dancers deeply engaged with the legacies of a brutal Japanese colonial era, the almost unimaginable devastation of the Pacific War, and a long American military occupation that still casts its shadow over the islands. The ethnographic research that Nelson conducted in Okinawa in the late 1990s—and his broader effort to understand Okinawans’ critical and creative struggles—was inspired by his first visit to the islands in 1985 as a lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps.

    Nelson analyzes the practices of specific performers, showing how memories are recalled, bodies remade, and actions rethought as Okinawans work through fragments of the past in order to reconstruct the fabric of everyday life. Artists such as the popular Okinawan actor and storyteller Fujiki Hayato weave together genres including Japanese stand-up comedy, Okinawan celebratory rituals, and ethnographic studies of war memory, encouraging their audiences to imagine other ways to live in the modern world. Nelson looks at the efforts of performers and activists to wrest the Okinawan past from romantic representations of idyllic rural life in the Japanese media and reactionary appropriations of traditional values by conservative politicians. In his consideration of eisā, the traditional dance for the dead, Nelson finds a practice that reaches beyond the expected boundaries of mourning and commemoration, as the living and the dead come together to create a moment in which a new world might be built from the ruins of the old.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390077
    Publication Date: 2008-11-21
    author-list-text: Christopher T. Nelson, Rey Chow, Harry Harootunian and Masao Miyoshi
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Christopher T. Nelson,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Harry Harootunian and
    4. Masao Miyoshi
    contrib-author: Christopher T. Nelson
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Harry Harootunian; Masao Miyoshi
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822390077
    illustrations-note: 16 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343493
    isbn-paper: 9780822343714
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
    short-abstract:

    Ethnography that explores the interrelationship among wartime trauma, memory, and social life through forms of ritual and popular performance in postwar Okinawa.

    subtitle: Memory, Performance, and Everyday Life in Postwar Okinawa
  • Darger’s Resources
    Author(s): Moon, Michael
    Abstract:

    Henry Darger (1892–1973) was a hospital janitor and an immensely productive artist and writer. In the first decades of adulthood, he wrote a 15,145-page fictional epic, In the Realms of the Unreal. He spent much of the rest of his long life illustrating it in astonishing drawings and watercolors. In Darger's unfolding saga, pastoral utopias are repeatedly savaged by extreme violence directed at children, particularly girls. Given his disturbing subject matter and the extreme solitude he maintained throughout his life, critics have characterized Darger as eccentric, deranged, and even dangerous, as an outsider artist compelled to create a fantasy universe. Contesting such pathologizing interpretations, Michael Moon looks to Darger's resources, to the narratives and materials that inspired him and often found their way into his writing, drawings, and paintings. Moon finds an artist who reveled in the burgeoning popular culture of the early twentieth century, in its newspaper comic strips, pulp fiction, illustrated children's books, and mass-produced religious art. Moon contends that Darger's work deserves and rewards comparison with that of contemporaries of his, such as the "pulp historians" H. P. Lovecraft and Robert Howard, the Oz chronicler L. Frank Baum, and the newspaper cartoonist Bud Fisher.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394891
    Publication Date: 2012-03-06
    author-list-text: Michael Moon
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Michael Moon
    contrib-author: Michael Moon
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394891
    illustrations-note: 8 illustrations, incl. 5 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351429
    isbn-paper: 9780822351566
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Moon turns his attention to the artist Henry Darger, an eccentric and self-taught artist whose work was only discovered after his death. Since then the work has become famous, but Darger himself has generally been seen as a withdrawn outsider artist whose work may have been the result of mental illness. Moon provides a contrasting view of a creative and gifted artist very responsive to the world around him.

    subtitle:
  • Dark Borders
    Author(s): Auerbach, Jonathan
    Abstract:

    Dark Borders connects anxieties about citizenship and national belonging in midcentury America to the sense of alienation conveyed by American film noir. Jonathan Auerbach provides in-depth interpretations of more than a dozen of these dark crime thrillers, considering them in relation to U.S. national security measures enacted from the mid-1930s to the mid-1950s. The growth of a domestic intelligence-gathering apparatus before, during, and after the Second World War raised unsettling questions about who was American and who was not, and how to tell the difference. Auerbach shows how politics and aesthetics merge in these noirs, whose oft-noted uncanniness betrays the fear that “un-American” foes lurk within the homeland. This tone of dispossession was reflected in well-known films, including Double Indemnity, Out of the Past, and Pickup on South Street, and less familiar noirs such as Stranger on the Third Floor, The Chase, and Ride the Pink Horse. Whether tracing the consequences of the Gestapo in America, or the uncertain borderlines that separate the United States from Cuba and Mexico, these movies blur boundaries; inside and outside become confused as (presumed) foreigners take over domestic space. To feel like a stranger in your own home: this is the peculiar affective condition of citizenship intensified by wartime and Cold War security measures, as well as a primary mood driving many midcentury noir films.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394129
    Publication Date: 2011-03-04
    author-list-text: Jonathan Auerbach
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jonathan Auerbach
    contrib-author: Jonathan Auerbach
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394129
    illustrations-note: 24 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349938
    isbn-paper: 9780822350064
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Shows how politics and aesthetics merge in American film noirs made between the late 1930s and the mid-1950s; their oft-noted uncanniness betrays the fear that un-American foes lurk within the homeland.

    subtitle: Film Noir and American Citizenship
  • Dark Continents
    Author(s): Khanna, Ranjana; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric
    Abstract:

    Sigmund Freud infamously referred to women's sexuality as a “dark continent” for psychoanalysis, drawing on colonial explorer Henry Morton Stanley’s use of the same phrase to refer to Africa. While the problematic universalism of psychoanalysis led theorists to reject its relevance for postcolonial critique, Ranjana Khanna boldly shows how

    bringing psychoanalysis, colonialism, and women together can become the starting point of a postcolonial feminist theory. Psychoanalysis brings to light, Khanna argues, how nation-statehood for the former colonies of Europe institutes the violence of European imperialist history. Far from rejecting psychoanalysis, Dark Continents reveals its importance as a reading practice that makes visible the psychical strife of colonial and

    postcolonial modernity. Assessing the merits of various models of nationalism, psychoanalysis, and colonialism, it refashions colonial melancholy as a transnational feminist ethics.

    Khanna traces the colonial backgrounds of psychoanalysis from its beginnings in the late nineteenth century up to the present. Illuminating Freud’s debt to the languages of archaeology and anthropology throughout his career, Khanna describes how Freud altered his theories of the ego as his own political status shifted from Habsburg loyalist to Nazi victim. Dark Continents explores how psychoanalytic theory was taken up in Europe and its colonies in the period of decolonization following World War II, focusing on its use by a range of writers including Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Octave Mannoni, Aimé and Suzanne Césaire, René Ménil, Frantz Fanon, Albert Memmi, Wulf Sachs, and Ellen Hellman. Given the multiple gendered and colonial contexts of many of these writings, Khanna argues for the necessity of a postcolonial, feminist critique of

    decolonization and postcoloniality.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384588
    Publication Date: 2003-04-01
    author-list-text: Ranjana Khanna, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ranjana Khanna,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Ranjana Khanna
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384588
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330554
    isbn-paper: 9780822330677
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    short-abstract:

    Argues that the psychoanalytic self was constituted through the specifically national-colonial encounters of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and that therefore somewhat paradoxically perhaps, psychoanalysis is crucial for understanding postcolonia

    subtitle: Psychoanalysis and Colonialism
  • Dark Designs and Visual Culture
    Author(s): Wallace, Michele
    Abstract:

    Michele Wallace burst into public consciousness with the 1979 publication of Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman, a pioneering critique of the misogyny of the Black Power movement and the effects of racism and sexism on black women. Since then, Wallace has produced an extraordinary body of journalism and criticism engaging with popular culture and gender and racial politics. This collection brings together more than fifty of the articles she has written over the past fifteen years. Included alongside many of her best-known pieces are previously unpublished essays as well as interviews conducted with Wallace about her work. Dark Designs and Visual Culture charts the development of a singular, pathbreaking black feminist consciousness.

    Beginning with a new introduction in which Wallace reflects on her life and career, this volume includes other autobiographical essays; articles focused on popular culture, the arts, and literary theory; and explorations of issues in black visual culture. Wallace discusses growing up in Harlem; how she dealt with the media attention and criticism she received for Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman, which was published when she was just twenty-seven years old; and her relationship with her family, especially her mother, the well-known artist Faith Ringgold. The many articles devoted to black visual culture range from the historical tragedy of the Hottentot Venus, an African woman displayed as a curiosity in nineteenth-century Europe, to films that sexualize the black body—such as Watermelon Woman, Gone with the Wind, and Paris Is Burning. Whether writing about the Anita Hill–Clarence Thomas hearings, rap music, the Million Man March, Toshi Reagon, multiculturalism, Marlon Riggs, or a nativity play in Bedford Stuyvesant, Wallace is a bold, incisive critic. Dark Designs and Visual Culture brings the scope of her career and thought into sharp focus.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386353
    Publication Date: 2004-11-15
    author-list-text: Michele Wallace
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Michele Wallace
    contrib-author: Michele Wallace
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822386353
    illustrations-note: 61 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334279
    isbn-paper: 9780822334132
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of writings from the ‘90s by the popular Black feminist scholar and journalist on film, art, and politics.

    subtitle:
  • Dark Matters
    Author(s): Browne, Simone
    Abstract:

    In Dark Matters Simone Browne locates the conditions of blackness as a key site through which surveillance is practiced, narrated, and resisted. She shows how contemporary surveillance technologies and practices are informed by the long history of racial formation and by the methods of policing black life under slavery, such as branding, runaway slave notices, and lantern laws. Placing surveillance studies into conversation with the archive of transatlantic slavery and its afterlife, Browne draws from black feminist theory, sociology, and cultural studies to analyze texts as diverse as the methods of surveilling blackness she discusses: from the design of the eighteenth-century slave ship Brooks, Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon, and The Book of Negroes, to contemporary art, literature, biometrics, and post-9/11 airport security practices. Surveillance, Browne asserts, is both a discursive and material practice that reifies boundaries, borders, and bodies around racial lines, so much so that the surveillance of blackness has long been, and continues to be, a social and political norm. 

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375302
    Publication Date: 2015-09-07
    author-list-text: Simone Browne
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Simone Browne
    contrib-author: Simone Browne
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375302
    illustrations-note: 18 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359197
    isbn-paper: 9780822359388
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Simone Browne shows how racial ideologies and the long history of policing black bodies under transatlantic slavery structure contemporary surveillance technologies and practices. Analyzing a wide array of archival and contemporary texts, she demonstrates how surveillance reifies boundaries, borders, and bodies around racial lines.

    subtitle: On the Surveillance of Blackness
  • Dark Shamans
    Author(s): Whitehead, Neil L.
    Abstract:

    On the little-known and darker side of shamanism there exists an ancient form of sorcery called kanaim à, a practice still observed among the Amerindians of the highlands of Guyana, Venezuela, and Brazil that involves the ritual stalking, mutilation, lingering death, and consumption of human victims. At once a memoir of cultural encounter and an ethnographic and historical investigation, this book offers a sustained, intimate look at kanaim à, its practitioners, their victims, and the reasons they give for their actions.

    Neil L. Whitehead tells of his own involvement with kanaimà—including an attempt to kill him with poison—and relates the personal testimonies of kanaimà shamans, their potential victims, and the victims’ families. He then goes on to discuss the historical emergence of kanaimà, describing how, in the face of successive modern colonizing forces—missionaries, rubber gatherers, miners, and development agencies—the practice has become an assertion of native autonomy. His analysis explores the ways in which kanaimà mediates both national and international impacts on native peoples in the region and considers the significance of kanaimà for current accounts of shamanism and religious belief and for theories of war and violence.

    Kanaimà appears here as part of the wider lexicon of rebellious terror and exotic horror—alongside the cannibal, vampire, and zombie—that haunts the western imagination. Dark Shamans broadens discussions of violence and of the representation of primitive savagery by recasting both in the light of current debates on modernity and globalization.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384304
    Publication Date: 2002-09-16
    author-list-text: Neil L. Whitehead
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Neil L. Whitehead
    contrib-author: Neil L. Whitehead
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822384304
    illustrations-note: 26 b&w photos, and 4 photo color insert
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329527
    isbn-paper: 9780822329886
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Uses an ethnographic example of ritual violence to illuminate cultural expression more widely and thereby reformulate anthropological and historical approaches to warfare and violence.

    subtitle: Kanaimà and the Poetics of Violent Death
  • Darkening Mirrors
    Author(s): Batiste, Stephanie Leigh
    Abstract:

    In Darkening Mirrors, Stephanie Leigh Batiste examines how African Americans participated in U.S. cultural imperialism in Depression-era stage and screen performances. A population treated as second-class citizens at home imagined themselves as empowered, modern U.S. citizens and transnational actors in plays, operas, ballets, and films. Many of these productions, such as the 1938 hits Haiti and The "Swing" Mikado recruited large casts of unknown performers, involving the black community not only as spectators but also as participants. Performances of exoticism, orientalism, and primitivism are inevitably linked to issues of embodiment, including how bodies signify blackness as a cultural, racial, and global category. Whether enacting U.S. imperialism in westerns, dramas, dances, songs, jokes, or comedy sketches, African Americans maintained a national identity that registered a diasporic empowerment and resistance on the global stage. Boldly addressing the contradictions in these performances, Batiste challenges the simplistic notion that the oppressed cannot identify with oppressive modes of power and enact themselves as empowered subjects. Darkening Mirrors adds nuance and depth to the history of African American subject formation and stage and screen performance.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393757
    Publication Date: 2012-01-06
    author-list-text: Stephanie Leigh Batiste
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Stephanie Leigh Batiste
    contrib-author: Stephanie Leigh Batiste
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822393757
    illustrations-note: 35 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348986
    isbn-paper: 9780822349235
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Darkening Mirrors analyzes the complicated relationships between African American identity, as reflected in performances, and the forces of imperialist and racial oppression.

    subtitle: Imperial Representation in Depression-Era African American Performance
  • Days on Earth
    Author(s): Siegel, Marcia B.
    Abstract:

    Now available in paperback, Days on Earth--originally published in 1988 (Yale University Press)--traces the dance career and artistic development of one of the founders of American modern dance. In this biography of dance pioneer Doris Humphrey, Marcia B. Siegel follows Humphrey's career from her days with the Denishawn Company (among fellos students like Martha Graham) to her creative partnership with Charles Weidman to her tenure as artistic director of protégé José Limon's dance company. Siegel's reconsideration and description of Humphrey's dances, including many that are no longer performed, sheds important light on this pathbreaking dancer/choreographer.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396550
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Marcia B. Siegel
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Marcia B. Siegel
    contrib-author: Marcia B. Siegel
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822396550
    isbn-paper: 9780822313465
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Dance of Doris Humphrey
  • Dead Subjects
    Author(s): Viego, Antonio
    Abstract:

    Dead Subjects is an impassioned call for scholars in critical race and ethnic studies to engage with Lacanian psychoanalytic theory. Antonio Viego argues that Lacanian theory has the potential to begin rectifying the deeply flawed way that ethnic and racialized subjects have been conceptualized in North America since the mid-twentieth century. Viego contends that the accounts of human subjectivity that dominate the humanities and social sciences and influence U.S. legal thought derive from American ego psychology. Examining ego psychology in the United States during its formative years following World War II, Viego shows how its distinctly American misinterpretation of Freudian theory was driven by a faith in the possibility of rendering the human subject whole, complete, and transparent. Viego traces how this theory of the subject gained traction in the United States, passing into most forms of North American psychology, law, civil rights discourse, ethnic studies, and the broader culture.

    Viego argues that the repeated themes of wholeness, completeness, and transparency with respect to ethnic and racialized subjectivity are fundamentally problematic as these themes ultimately lend themselves to the project of managing and controlling ethnic and racialized subjects by positing them as fully knowable, calculable sums: as dead subjects. He asserts that the refusal of critical race and ethnic studies scholars to read ethnic and racialized subjects in a Lacanian framework—as divided subjects, split in language—contributes to a racist discourse. Focusing on theoretical, historical, and literary work in Latino studies, he mines the implicit connection between Latino studies’ theory of the “border subject” and Lacan’s theory of the “barred subject” in language to argue that Latino studies is poised to craft a critical multiculturalist, anti-racist Lacanian account of subjectivity while adding historical texture and specificity to Lacanian theory.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390619
    Publication Date: 2007-10-11
    author-list-text: Antonio Viego
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Antonio Viego
    contrib-author: Antonio Viego
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390619
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340997
    isbn-paper: 9780822341208
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Examines how Lacanian theory lends itself to a new way of thinking about ethnic-racialized subjectivity, applying it to notions of Latino/a subjectivity and experience in particular.

    subtitle: Toward a Politics of Loss in Latino Studies
  • Debating Moral Education
    Author(s): Kiss, Elizabeth; Euben, J. Peter; Pickus, Noah; Reuben, Julie A.
    Abstract:

    After decades of marginalization in the secularized twentieth-century academy, moral education has enjoyed a recent resurgence in American higher education, with the establishment of more than 100 ethics centers and programs on campuses across the country. Yet the idea that the university has a civic responsibility to teach its undergraduate students ethics and morality has been met with skepticism, suspicion, and even outright rejection from both inside and outside the academy. In this collection, renowned scholars of philosophy, politics, and religion debate the role of ethics in the university, investigating whether universities should proactively cultivate morality and ethics, what teaching ethics entails, and what moral education should accomplish. The essays quickly open up to broader questions regarding the very purpose of a university education in modern society.

    Editors Elizabeth Kiss and J. Peter Euben survey the history of ethics in higher education, then engage with provocative recent writings by Stanley Fish in which he argues that universities should not be involved in moral education. Stanley Hauerwas responds, offering a theological perspective on the university’s purpose. Contributors look at the place of politics in moral education; suggest that increasingly diverse, multicultural student bodies are resources for the teaching of ethics; and show how the debate over civic education in public grade-schools provides valuable lessons for higher education. Others reflect on the virtues and character traits that a moral education should foster in students—such as honesty, tolerance, and integrity—and the ways that ethical training formally and informally happens on campuses today, from the classroom to the basketball court. Debating Moral Education is a critical contribution to the ongoing discussion of the role and evolution of ethics education in the modern liberal arts university.

    Contributors. Lawrence Blum, Romand Coles, J. Peter Euben, Stanley Fish, Michael Allen Gillespie, Ruth W. Grant, Stanley Hauerwas, David A. Hoekema, Elizabeth Kiss, Patchen Markell, Susan Jane McWilliams, Wilson Carey McWilliams, J. Donald Moon, James Bernard Murphy, Noah Pickus, Julie A. Reuben, George Shulman, Elizabeth V. Spelman

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391593
    Publication Date: 2010-01-04
    author-list-text: Noah Pickus and Julie A. Reuben
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Noah Pickus and
    2. Julie A. Reuben
    contrib-editor: Elizabeth Kiss; J. Peter Euben
    contrib-other: Noah Pickus; Julie A. Reuben
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391593
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346203
    isbn-paper: 9780822346166
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Collection of essays that consider the role of ethics in the university.

    subtitle: Rethinking the Role of the Modern University
  • Decentering the Regime
    Author(s): Rubin, Jeffrey W.
    Abstract:

    Since 1989 an indigenous political movement—the Coalition of Workers, Peasants, and Students of the Isthmus (COCEI)—has governed the southern Mexican city of Juchitán. In Decentering the Regime, Jeffrey W. Rubin examines this Zapotec Indian movement and shows how COCEI forged an unprecedented political and cultural path—overcoming oppression in the 1970s to achieve democracy in the 1990s. Rubin traces the history and rise to power of this grassroots movement, and describes a Juchitán that exists in substantial autonomy from the central Mexican government and Mexican nationalism—thereby debunking the notion that a state- and regime-centered approach to power can explain the politics of domination and resistance in Mexico.

    Employing an interdisciplinary approach, Rubin shows that the Juchitecos’ ability to organize and sustain a radical political movement grew out of a century-long history of negotiation of political rule. He argues that factors outside the realm of formal politics—such as ethnicity, language, gender, and religion—play an important part in the dynamics of regional political struggles and relationships of power. While offering a detailed view of the Zapotec community and its interactions, Rubin reconceptualizes democracy by considering the question of how meaningful autonomy, self-government, cultural expression, and material well-being can be forged out of violence and repression.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378617
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: Jeffrey W. Rubin
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jeffrey W. Rubin
    contrib-author: Jeffrey W. Rubin
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822378617
    illustrations-note: 12 photographs, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822320500
    isbn-paper: 9780822320630
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Ethnicity, Radicalism, and Democracy in Juchitán, Mexico
  • Deciding to Intervene
    Author(s): Scott, James M.
    Abstract:

    Whether to intervene in conflicts in the developing world is a major and ongoing policy issue for the United States. In Deciding to Intervene, James M. Scott examines the Reagan Doctrine, a policy that provided aid to anti-Communist insurgents—or “Freedom Fighters” as President Reagan liked to call them—in an attempt to reverse Soviet advances in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Central America. Conceived early in the Reagan presidency as a means to win the Cold War, this policy was later singled out by Reagan and several of his advisors as one of the administration’s most significant efforts in the the Cold War’s final phase.

    Using a comparative case study method, Scott examines the historical, intellectual, and ideological origins of the Reagan Doctrine as it was applied to Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, Nicaragua, Mozambique, and Ethiopia. Scott draws on many previously unavailable government documents and a wide range of primary material to show both how this policy in particular, and American foreign policy in general, emerges from the complex, shifting interactions between the White House, Congress, bureaucratic agencies, and groups and individuals from the private sector.

    In evaluating the origins and consequences of the Reagan Doctrine, Deciding to Intervene synthesizes the lessons that can be learned from the Reagan administration’s policy and places them within the broad perspective of foreign policy-making today. Scott’s measured treatment of this sensitive and important topic will be welcomed by scholars in policy studies, international affairs, political science, and history, as well as by any reader with an interest in the formation of American foreign policy.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379423
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    contrib-editor: James M. Scott
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822379423
    illustrations-note: 4 figures, 3 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822317807
    isbn-paper: 9780822317890
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Reagan Doctrine and American Foreign Policy
  • Decolonizing Dialectics
    Author(s): Ciccariello-Maher, George
    Abstract:

    Anticolonial theorists and revolutionaries have long turned to dialectical thought as a central weapon in their fight against oppressive structures and conditions. This relationship was never easy, however, as anticolonial thinkers have resisted the historical determinism, teleology, Eurocentrism, and singular emphasis that some Marxisms place on class identity at the expense of race, nation, and popular identity. In recent decades, the conflict between dialectics and postcolonial theory has only deepened. In Decolonizing Dialectics George Ciccariello-Maher breaks this impasse by bringing the work of Georges Sorel, Frantz Fanon, and Enrique Dussel together with contemporary Venezuelan politics to formulate a dialectics suited to the struggle against the legacies of colonialism and slavery. This is a decolonized dialectics premised on constant struggle in which progress must be fought for and where the struggles of the wretched of the earth themselves provide the only guarantee of historical motion.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373704
    Publication Date: 2017-01-13
    author-list-text: George Ciccariello-Maher
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. George Ciccariello-Maher
    contrib-author: George Ciccariello-Maher
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373704
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362234
    isbn-paper: 9780822362432
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical Américas
    short-abstract:

    George Ciccariello-Maher brings the work of Georges Sorel, Frantz Fanon, and Enrique Dussel together with contemporary Venezuelan politics to formulate a decolonized dialectics that is suited to the struggle against the legacies of slavery and colonialism while also breaking the impasse between dialectics and postcolonial theory.

    subtitle:
  • Decolonizing Native Histories
    Author(s): Mallon, Florencia E.; McCormick, Gladys
    Abstract:

    Decolonizing Native Histories is an interdisciplinary collection that grapples with the racial and ethnic politics of knowledge production and indigenous activism in the Americas. It analyzes the relationship of language to power and empowerment, and advocates for collaborations between community members, scholars, and activists that prioritize the rights of Native peoples to decide how their knowledge is used. The contributors—academics and activists, indigenous and nonindigenous, from disciplines including history, anthropology, linguistics, and political science—explore the challenges of decolonization.

    These wide-ranging case studies consider how language, the law, and the archive have historically served as instruments of colonialism and how they can be creatively transformed in constructing autonomy. The collection highlights points of commonality and solidarity across geographical, cultural, and linguistic boundaries and also reflects deep distinctions between North and South. Decolonizing Native Histories looks at Native histories and narratives in an internationally comparative context, with the hope that international collaboration and understanding of local histories will foster new possibilities for indigenous mobilization and an increasingly decolonized future.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394853
    Publication Date: 2011-12-30
    author-list-text: Florencia E. Mallon and Gladys McCormick
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Florencia E. Mallon and
    2. Gladys McCormick
    contrib-author: Florencia E. Mallon
    contrib-translator: Gladys McCormick
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394853
    illustrations-note: 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351375
    isbn-paper: 9780822351528
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Narrating native histories
    short-abstract:

    An interdisciplinary collection that addresses the racial and ethnic politics of knowledge production and indigenous activism in the Americas, this book analyzes the relationship of language to power and advocates for collaboration between community members, scholars, and activists that prioritize the right of Native people to decide how their knowledge is used.

    subtitle: Collaboration, Knowledge, and Language in the Americas
  • Deep River
    Author(s): Anderson, Paul Allen; Pease, Donald E.
    Abstract:

    “The American Negro,” Arthur Schomburg wrote in 1925, “must remake his past in order to make his future.” Many Harlem Renaissance figures agreed that reframing the black folk inheritance could play a major role in imagining a new future of racial equality and artistic freedom. In Deep River Paul Allen Anderson focuses on the role of African American folk music in the Renaissance aesthetic and in political debates about racial performance, social memory, and national identity.

    Deep River elucidates how spirituals, African American concert music, the blues, and jazz became symbolic sites of social memory and anticipation during the Harlem Renaissance. Anderson traces the roots of this period’s debates about music to the American and European tours of the Fisk Jubilee Singers in the 1870s and to W. E. B. Du Bois’s influential writings at the turn of the century about folk culture and its bearing on racial progress and national identity. He details how musical idioms spoke to contrasting visions of New Negro art, folk authenticity, and modernist cosmopolitanism in the works of Du Bois, Alain Locke, Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, Jean Toomer, Sterling Brown, Roland Hayes, Paul Robeson, Carl Van Vechten, and others. In addition to revisiting the place of music in the culture wars of the 1920s, Deep River provides fresh perspectives on the aesthetics of race and the politics of music in Popular Front and Swing Era music criticism, African American critical theory, and contemporary musicology.

    Deep River offers a sophisticated historical account of American racial ideologies and their function in music criticism and modernist thought. It will interest general readers as well as students of African American studies, American studies, intellectual history, musicology, and literature.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383048
    Publication Date: 2001-06-28
    author-list-text: Paul Allen Anderson and Donald E. Pease
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Paul Allen Anderson and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Paul Allen Anderson
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383048
    illustrations-note: 8 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325772
    isbn-paper: 9780822325918
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    short-abstract:

    A critical and historical study of the debate over early African-American music that draws on the views of W.E.B. Du Bois, Alain Locke, Langston Hughes, Zora Neal Hurston, and others to show competing notions of how this music relates to cultural inherita

    subtitle: Music and Memory in Harlem Renaissance Thought
  • Degrees of Mixture, Degrees of Freedom
    Author(s): Wade, Peter
    Abstract:

    Race mixture, or mestizaje, has played a critical role in the history, culture, and politics of Latin America. In Degrees of Mixture, Degrees of Freedom, Peter Wade draws on a multidisciplinary research study in Mexico, Brazil, and Colombia. He shows how Latin American elites and outside observers have emphasized mixture's democratizing potential, depicting it as a useful resource for addressing problems of racism (claiming that race mixture undoes racial difference and hierarchy), while Latin American scientists participate in this narrative with claims that genetic studies of mestizos can help isolate genetic contributors to diabetes and obesity and improve health for all. Wade argues that, in the process, genomics produces biologized versions of racialized difference within the nation and the region, but a comparative approach nuances the simple idea that highly racialized societies give rise to highly racialized genomics. Wade examines the tensions between mixture and purity, and between equality and hierarchy in liberal political orders, exploring how ideas and scientific data about genetic mixture are produced and circulate through complex networks.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373070
    Publication Date: 2017-04-14
    author-list-text: Peter Wade
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Peter Wade
    contrib-author: Peter Wade
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373070
    illustrations-note: 12 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363583
    isbn-paper: 9780822363736
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Peter Wade draws on a multidisciplinary research study in Mexico, Brazil, and Colombia, arguing that genomics produces biologized versions of racialized difference within the nation and the region and that a comparative approach nuances the simple idea that highly racialized societies give rise to highly racialized genomics.

    subtitle: Genomics, Multiculturalism, and Race in Latin America
  • Democracy and Other Neoliberal Fantasies
    Author(s): Dean, Jodi
    Abstract:

    Democracy and Other Neoliberal Fantasies is an impassioned call for the realization of a progressive left politics in the United States. Through an assessment of the ideologies underlying contemporary political culture, Jodi Dean takes the left to task for its capitulations to conservatives and its failure to take responsibility for the extensive neoliberalization implemented during the Clinton presidency. She argues that the left’s ability to develop and defend a collective vision of equality and solidarity has been undermined by the ascendance of “communicative capitalism,” a constellation of consumerism, the privileging of the self over group interests, and the embrace of the language of victimization. As Dean explains, communicative capitalism is enabled and exacerbated by the Web and other networked communications media, which reduce political energies to the registration of opinion and the transmission of feelings. The result is a psychotic politics where certainty displaces credibility and the circulation of intense feeling trumps the exchange of reason.

    Dean’s critique ranges from her argument that the term democracy has become a meaningless cipher invoked by the left and right alike to an analysis of the fantasy of free trade underlying neoliberalism, and from an examination of new theories of sovereignty advanced by politicians and left academics to a look at the changing meanings of “evil” in the speeches of U.S. presidents since the mid-twentieth century. She emphasizes the futility of a politics enacted by individuals determined not to offend anyone, and she examines questions of truth, knowledge, and power in relation to 9/11 conspiracy theories. Dean insists that any reestablishment of a vital and purposeful left politics will require shedding the mantle of victimization, confronting the marriage of neoliberalism and democracy, and mobilizing different terms to represent political strategies and goals.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390923
    Publication Date: 2009-08-12
    author-list-text: Jodi Dean
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jodi Dean
    contrib-author: Jodi Dean
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390923
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344926
    isbn-paper: 9780822345053
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Argues that the political left has failed to claim its ideological victories and subsequently has enabled a depoliticization of crucially political concerns, such as the economy and capitalism.

    subtitle: Communicative Capitalism and Left Politics
  • Democracy's Body
    Author(s): Banes, Sally
    Abstract:

    Democracy's Body offers a lively, detailed account of the beginnings of the Judson Dance Theater--a popular center of dance experimentation in New York's Greenwich Village--and its place in the larger history of the avant-garde art scene of the 1960s. JDT started when Robert Dunn, a student of John Cage, offered a dance composition class in Merce Cunningham's studio. The performers--many of whom included some of the most prominent figures in the arts in the early sisties--found a welcome performance home in the Judson Memorial Church in the Village. Sally Banes's account draws on interviews, letters, diaries, films, and reconstructions of dances to paint a portrait of the rich culture of Judson, which was the seedbed for postmodern dance and the first avant-garde movement in dance theater since the modern dance of the 1930s and 1940s. Originally published in 1983, this edition brings back into print a highly regarded work of dance history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396567
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Sally Banes
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sally Banes
    contrib-author: Sally Banes
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822396567
    isbn-paper: 9780822313991
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Judson Dance Theatre, 1962–1964
  • Depression
    Author(s): Cvetkovich, Ann
    Abstract:

    In Depression: A Public Feeling, Ann Cvetkovich combines memoir and critical essay in search of ways of writing about depression as a cultural and political phenomenon that offer alternatives to medical models. She describes her own experience of the professional pressures, creative anxiety, and political hopelessness that led to intellectual blockage while she was finishing her dissertation and writing her first book. Building on the insights of the memoir, in the critical essay she considers the idea that feeling bad constitutes the lived experience of neoliberal capitalism.

    Cvetkovich draws on an unusual archive, including accounts of early Christian acedia and spiritual despair, texts connecting the histories of slavery and colonialism with their violent present-day legacies, and utopian spaces created from lesbian feminist practices of crafting. She herself seeks to craft a queer cultural analysis that accounts for depression as a historical category, a felt experience, and a point of entry into discussions about theory, contemporary culture, and everyday life. Depression: A Public Feeling suggests that utopian visions can reside in daily habits and practices, such as writing and yoga, and it highlights the centrality of somatic and felt experience to political activism and social transformation.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391852
    Publication Date: 2012-11-05
    author-list-text: Ann Cvetkovich
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ann Cvetkovich
    contrib-author: Ann Cvetkovich
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822391852
    illustrations-note: 38 illustrations, including 14 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352235
    isbn-paper: 9780822352389
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Ann Cvetkovich combines memoir and cultural critique in search of ways of writing about depression as a public cultural and political phenomenon rather than as a personal medical pathology.

    subtitle: A Public Feeling
  • Derrida and the Time of the Political
    Author(s): Guerlac, Suzanne; Cheah, Pheng
    Abstract:

    An intellectual event, Derrida and the Time of the Political marks the first time since Jacques Derrida’s death in 2004 that leading scholars have come together to critically assess the philosopher’s political and ethical writings. Skepticism about the import of deconstruction for political thought has been widespread among American critics since Derrida’s work became widely available in English in the late 1970s. While Derrida expounded political and ethical themes from the late 1980s on, there has been relatively little Anglo-American analysis of that later work or its relation to the philosopher’s entire corpus. Filling a critical gap, this volume provides multiple perspectives on the political turn in Derrida’s work, showing how deconstruction bears on political theory and real-world politics. The contributors include distinguished scholars of deconstruction whose thinking developed in close proximity to Derrida’s, as well as leading political theorists and philosophers who engage Derrida’s thought from further afield.

    The volume opens with a substantial introduction in which Pheng Cheah and Suzanne Guerlac survey Derrida’s entire corpus and position his later work in relation to it. The remaining essays address the concerns that arise out of Derrida’s analysis of politics and the conditions of the political, such as the meaning and scope of democracy, the limits of sovereignty, the relationship between the ethical and the political, the nature of responsibility, the possibility for committed political action, the implications of deconstructive thought for non-Western politics, and the future of nationalism in an era of globalization and declining state sovereignty. The collection is framed by original contributions from Hélène Cixous and Judith Butler.

    Contributors. Étienne Balibar, Geoffrey Bennington, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, Pheng Cheah, Hélène Cixous, Rodolphe Gasché, Suzanne Guerlac, Marcel Hénaff, Martin Jay, Anne Norton, Jacques Rancière, Soraya Tlatli, Satoshi Ukai

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390091
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    contrib-editor: Suzanne Guerlac; Pheng Cheah
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390091
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343509
    isbn-paper: 9780822343721
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    A collection assessing the implications of Derrida s thought for contemporary political theory and politics.

    subtitle:
  • Desi Land
    Author(s): Shankar, Shalini
    Abstract:

    Desi Land is Shalini Shankar’s lively ethnographic account of South Asian American teen culture during the Silicon Valley dot-com boom. Shankar focuses on how South Asian Americans, or “Desis,” define and manage what it means to be successful in a place brimming with the promise of technology. Between 1999 and 2001 Shankar spent many months “kickin’ it” with Desi teenagers at three Silicon Valley high schools, and she has since followed their lives and stories. The diverse high-school students who populate Desi Land are Muslims, Hindus, Christians, and Sikhs, from South Asia and other locations; they include first- to fourth-generation immigrants whose parents’ careers vary from assembly-line workers to engineers and CEOs. By analyzing how Desi teens’ conceptions and realizations of success are influenced by community values, cultural practices, language use, and material culture, she offers a nuanced portrait of diasporic formations in a transforming urban region.

    Whether discussing instant messaging or arranged marriages, Desi bling or the pressures of the model minority myth, Shankar foregrounds the teens’ voices, perspectives, and stories. She investigates how Desi teens interact with dialogue and songs from Bollywood films as well as how they use their heritage language in ways that inform local meanings of ethnicity while they also connect to a broader South Asian diasporic consciousness. She analyzes how teens negotiate rules about dating and reconcile them with their longer-term desire to become adult members of their communities. In Desi Land Shankar not only shows how Desi teens of different socioeconomic backgrounds are differently able to succeed in Silicon Valley schools and economies but also how such variance affects meanings of race, class, and community for South Asian Americans.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389231
    Publication Date: 2008-10-06
    author-list-text: Shalini Shankar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Shalini Shankar
    contrib-author: Shalini Shankar
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389231
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343004
    isbn-paper: 9780822343158
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography of South Asian American teenagers in Silicon Valley.

    subtitle: Teen Culture, Class, and Success in Silicon Valley
  • Designing Culture
    Author(s): Balsamo, Anne
    Abstract:

    The renowned cultural theorist and media designer Anne Balsamo maintains that technology and culture are inseparable; those who engage in technological innovation are designing the cultures of the future. Designing Culture is a call for taking culture seriously in the design and development of innovative technologies. Balsamo contends that the wellspring of technological innovation is the technological imagination, a quality of mind that enables people to think with technology, to transform what is known into what is possible. She describes the technological imagination at work in several multimedia collaborations in which she was involved as a designer or developer. One of these entailed the creation of an interactive documentary for the NGO Forum held in conjunction with the UN World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995. (That documentary is included as a DVD in Designing Culture.) Balsamo also recounts the development of the interactive museum exhibit XFR: Experiments in the Future of Reading, created by the group RED (Research in Experimental Documents) at Xerox PARC. She speculates on what it would mean to cultivate imaginations as ingenious in creating new democratic cultural possibilities as they are in creating new kinds of technologies and digital media. Designing Culture is a manifesto for transforming educational programs and developing learning strategies adequate to the task of inspiring culturally attuned technological imaginations.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392149
    Publication Date: 2011-06-28
    author-list-text: Anne Balsamo
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Anne Balsamo
    contrib-author: Anne Balsamo
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822392149
    illustrations-note: 33 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344339
    isbn-paper: 9780822344452
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The cultural theorist and media designer Anne Balsamo calls for transforming learning practices to inspire culturally attuned technological imaginations.

    subtitle: The Technological Imagination at Work
  • Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary
    Author(s): Rabinow, Paul; Marcus, George E.; Faubion, James D.; Rees, Tobias
    Abstract:

    In this compact volume two of anthropology’s most influential theorists, Paul Rabinow and George E. Marcus, engage in a series of conversations about the past, present, and future of anthropological knowledge, pedagogy, and practice. James D. Faubion joins in several exchanges to facilitate and elaborate the dialogue, and Tobias Rees moderates the discussions and contributes an introduction and an afterword to the volume. Most of the conversations are focused on contemporary challenges to how anthropology understands its subject and how ethnographic research projects are designed and carried out. Rabinow and Marcus reflect on what remains distinctly anthropological about the study of contemporary events and processes, and they contemplate productive new directions for the field. The two converge in Marcus’s emphasis on the need to redesign pedagogical practices for training anthropological researchers and in Rabinow’s proposal of collaborative initiatives in which ethnographic research designs could be analyzed, experimented with, and transformed.

    Both Rabinow and Marcus participated in the milestone collection Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Published in 1986, Writing Culture catalyzed a reassessment of how ethnographers encountered, studied, and wrote about their subjects. In the opening conversations of Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary, Rabinow and Marcus take stock of anthropology’s recent past by discussing the intellectual scene in which Writing Culture intervened, the book’s contributions, and its conceptual limitations. Considering how the field has developed since the publication of that volume, they address topics including ethnography’s self-reflexive turn, scholars’ increased focus on questions of identity, the Public Culture project, science and technology studies, and the changing interests and goals of students. Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary allows readers to eavesdrop on lively conversations between anthropologists who have helped to shape their field’s recent past and are deeply invested in its future.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390060
    Publication Date: 2008-10-20
    author-list-text: Paul Rabinow, George E. Marcus, James D. Faubion and Tobias Rees
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Paul Rabinow,
    2. George E. Marcus,
    3. James D. Faubion and
    4. Tobias Rees
    contrib-author: Paul Rabinow; George E. Marcus; James D. Faubion; Tobias Rees
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822390060
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343349
    isbn-paper: 9780822343707
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    Conversations between two top anthropologists about the intellectual trends in contemporary anthropology and about the discipline's future as it continues to intersect with fields such as science studies.

    subtitle:
  • Desire and Disaster in New Orleans
    Author(s): Thomas, Lynnell L.
    Abstract:

    Most of the narratives packaged for New Orleans's many tourists cultivate a desire for black culture—jazz, cuisine, dance—while simultaneously targeting black people and their communities as sources and sites of political, social, and natural disaster. In this timely book, the Americanist and New Orleans native Lynnell L. Thomas delves into the relationship between tourism, cultural production, and racial politics. She carefully interprets the racial narratives embedded in tourism websites, travel guides, business periodicals, and newspapers; the thoughts of tour guides and owners; and the stories told on bus and walking tours as they were conducted both before and after Katrina. She describes how, with varying degrees of success, African American tour guides, tour owners, and tourism industry officials have used their own black heritage tours and tourism-focused businesses to challenge exclusionary tourist representations. Taking readers from the Lower Ninth Ward to the White House, Thomas highlights the ways that popular culture and public policy converge to create a mythology of racial harmony that masks a long history of racial inequality and structural inequity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376354
    Publication Date: 2014-07-30
    author-list-text: Lynnell L. Thomas
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lynnell L. Thomas
    contrib-author: Lynnell L. Thomas
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376354
    illustrations-note: 32 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357148
    isbn-paper: 9780822357285
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Looking at competing representations of race in New Orleans tourism, Lynnell L. Thomas shows how declarations of racial harmony mask the city's history of racial inequality, how popular notions of New Orleans as a site of desire are intertwined with competing ideas of the city as a source of disaster, and how African American tour guides, tour owners, and tourist industry officials have used their own black heritage tours and tourism-focused businesses to challenge exclusionary tourist representations.

    subtitle: Tourism, Race, and Historical Memory
  • Desiring China
    Author(s): Rofel, Lisa; Halberstam, Judith; Lowe, Lisa
    Abstract:

    Through window displays, newspapers, soap operas, gay bars, and other public culture venues, Chinese citizens are negotiating what it means to be cosmopolitan citizens of the world, with appropriate needs, aspirations, and longings. Lisa Rofel argues that the creation of such “desiring subjects” is at the core of China’s contingent, piece-by-piece reconfiguration of its relationship to a post-socialist world. In a study at once ethnographic, historical, and theoretical, she contends that neoliberal subjectivities are created through the production of various desires—material, sexual, and affective—and that it is largely through their engagements with public culture that people in China are imagining and practicing appropriate desires for the post-Mao era.

    Drawing on her research over the past two decades among urban residents and rural migrants in Hangzhou and Beijing, Rofel analyzes the meanings that individuals attach to various public cultural phenomena and what their interpretations say about their understandings of post-socialist China and their roles within it. She locates the first broad-based public debate about post-Mao social changes in the passionate dialogues about the popular 1991 television soap opera Yearnings. She describes how the emergence of gay identities and practices in China reveals connections to a transnational network of lesbians and gay men at the same time that it brings urban/rural and class divisions to the fore. The 1999–2001 negotiations over China’s entry into the World Trade Organization; a controversial women’s museum; the ways that young single women portray their longings in relation to the privations they imagine their mothers experienced; adjudications of the limits of self-interest in court cases related to homoerotic desire, intellectual property, and consumer fraud—Rofel reveals all of these as sites where desiring subjects come into being.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389903
    Publication Date: 2007-04-19
    author-list-text: Lisa Rofel, Judith Halberstam and Lisa Lowe
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lisa Rofel,
    2. Judith Halberstam and
    3. Lisa Lowe
    contrib-author: Lisa Rofel
    contrib-series-editor: Judith Halberstam; Lisa Lowe
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389903
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339359
    isbn-paper: 9780822339472
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Perverse Modernities
    short-abstract:

    An ethnography of gender, sexuality, and consumption in post-socialist China.

    subtitle: Experiments in Neoliberalism, Sexuality, and Public Culture
  • Deviations
    Author(s): Rubin, Gayle S.
    Abstract:

    Deviations is the definitive collection of writing by Gayle S. Rubin, a pioneering theorist and activist in feminist, lesbian and gay, queer, and sexuality studies since the 1970s. Rubin first rose to prominence in 1975 with the publication of “The Traffic in Women,” an essay that had a galvanizing effect on feminist thinking and theory. In another landmark piece, “Thinking Sex,” she examined how certain sexual behaviors are constructed as moral or natural, and others as unnatural. That essay became one of queer theory’s foundational texts. Along with such canonical work, Deviations features less well-known but equally insightful writing on subjects such as lesbian history, the feminist sex wars, the politics of sadomasochism, crusades against prostitution and pornography, and the historical development of sexual knowledge. In the introduction, Rubin traces her intellectual trajectory and discusses the development and reception of some of her most influential essays. Like the book it opens, the introduction highlights the major lines of inquiry pursued for nearly forty years by a singularly important theorist of sex, gender, and culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394068
    Publication Date: 2011-11-01
    author-list-text: Gayle S. Rubin
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gayle S. Rubin
    contrib-author: Gayle S. Rubin
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394068
    illustrations-note: 4 drawings
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349716
    isbn-paper: 9780822349860
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    Gayle Rubin laid the foundation for queer theory as a graduate student at Michigan in the early 70s with the essay The Traffic in Women, which was followed a decade later by an equally influential essay, Thinking Sex. This volume collects her essays covering topics ranging from BDSM to feminist debates on pornography and sex to lesbian and gay history.

    subtitle: A Gayle Rubin Reader
  • Diaspora and Trust
    Author(s): Hearn, Adrian H.
    Abstract:

    In Diaspora and Trust Adrian H. Hearn proposes that a new paradigm of socio-economic development is gaining importance for Cuba and Mexico. Despite their contrasting political ideologies, both countries must build new forms of trust among the state, society, and resident Chinese diaspora communities if they are to harness the potentials of China’s rise. Combining political and economic analysis with ethnographic fieldwork, Hearn analyzes Cuba's and Mexico's historical relations with China, and highlights how Chinese diaspora communities are now deepening these ties. Theorizing trust as an alternative to existing models of exchange—which are failing to navigate the world's shifting economic currents—Hearn shows how Cuba and Mexico can reformulate the balance of power between state, market, and society. A new paradigm of domestic development and foreign engagement based on trust is becoming critical for Cuba, Mexico, and other countries seeking to benefit from China’s growing economic power and social influence.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374589
    Publication Date: 2016-03-25
    author-list-text: Adrian H. Hearn
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Adrian H. Hearn
    contrib-author: Adrian H. Hearn
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374589
    illustrations-note: 29 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360575
    isbn-paper: 9780822360735
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Examines the growing relationship between Latin America and China, focusing on the sociological, rather than the economic or military, dimension of this connection.

    subtitle: Cuba, Mexico, and the Rise of China
  • Dictablanda
    Author(s): Gillingham, Paul; Smith, Benjamin T.
    Abstract:

    In 1910 Mexicans rebelled against an imperfect dictatorship; after 1940 they ended up with what some called the perfect dictatorship. A single party ruled Mexico for over seventy years, holding elections and talking about revolution while overseeing one of the world's most inequitable economies. The contributors to this groundbreaking collection revise earlier interpretations, arguing that state power was not based exclusively on hegemony, corporatism, or violence. Force was real, but it was also exercised by the ruled. It went hand-in-hand with consent, produced by resource regulation, political pragmatism, local autonomies and a popular veto. The result was a dictablanda: a soft authoritarian regime.

    This deliberately heterodox volume brings together social historians, anthropologists, sociologists, and political scientists to offer a radical new understanding of the emergence and persistence of the modern Mexican state. It also proposes bold, multidisciplinary approaches to critical problems in contemporary politics. With its blend of contested elections, authoritarianism, and resistance, Mexico foreshadowed the hybrid regimes that have spread across much of the globe. Dictablanda suggests how they may endure.

    Contributors. Roberto Blancarte, Christopher R. Boyer, Guillermo de la Peña, María Teresa Fernández Aceves, Paul Gillingham, Rogelio Hernández Rodríguez, Alan Knight, Gladys McCormick, Tanalís Padilla, Wil G. Pansters, Andrew Paxman, Jaime Pensado, Pablo Piccato, Thomas Rath, Jeffrey W. Rubin, Benjamin T. Smith, Michael Snodgrass

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376835
    Publication Date: 2014-04-02
    contrib-editor: Paul Gillingham; Benjamin T. Smith
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376835
    illustrations-note: 6 tables, 4 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356318
    isbn-paper: 9780822356370
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American encounters/global interactions
    subtitle: Politics, Work, and Culture in Mexico, 1938–1968
  • Dietrich Icon
    Author(s): Gemünden, Gerd; Desjardins, Mary R.; Bach, Steven; Koepnick, Lutz
    Abstract:

    Few movie stars have meant as many things to as many different audiences as the iconic Marlene Dietrich. The actress-chanteuse had a career of some seventy years: one that included not only classical Hollywood cinema and the concert hall but also silent film in Weimar Germany, theater, musical comedy, vaudeville, army camp shows, radio, recordings, television, and even the circus. Having renounced and left Nazi Germany, assumed American citizenship, and entertained American troops, Dietrich has long been a flashpoint in Germany’s struggles over its cultural heritage. She has also figured prominently in European and American film scholarship, in studies ranging from analyses of the directors with whom she worked to theories about the ideological and psychic functions of film. Dietrich Icon, which includes essays by established and emerging film scholars, is a unique examination of the many meanings of Dietrich.

    Some of the essays in this collection revisit such familiar topics as Germany’s complex relationship with Dietrich, her ambiguous sexuality, her place in the lesbian archive, her star status, and her legendary legs, but with fresh critical perspective and an emphasis on historical background. Other essays establish new avenues for understanding Dietrich’s persona. Among these are a reading of Marlene Dietrich’s ABC—an eclectic autobiographical compendium containing Dietrich’s thoughts on such diverse subjects as “steak,” “Sternberg (Joseph von),” “Stravinsky,” and “stupidity”—and an argument that Dietrich manipulated her voice—through her accent, sexual innuendo, and singing—as much as her visual image in order to convey a cosmopolitan world-weariness. Still other essays consider the specter of aging that loomed over Dietrich’s career, as well as the many imitations of the Dietrich persona that have emerged since the star’s death in 1992.

    Contributors. Nora M. Alter, Steven Bach, Elisabeth Bronfen, Erica Carter, Mary R. Desjardins, Joseph Garncarz, Gerd Gemünden, Mary Beth Haralovich, Amelie Hastie, Lutz Koepnick, Alice A. Kuzniar, Amy Lawrence, Judith Mayne, Patrice Petro, Eric Rentschler, Gaylyn Studlar, Werner Sudendorf, Mark Williams

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389675
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Steven Bach and Lutz Koepnick
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Steven Bach and
    2. Lutz Koepnick
    contrib-editor: Gerd Gemünden; Mary R. Desjardins
    contrib-other: Steven Bach; Lutz Koepnick
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389675
    illustrations-note: 54 b&w illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338062
    isbn-paper: 9780822338192
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Collection of essays on film icon Marlene Dietrich.

    subtitle:
  • Differences in Medicine
    Author(s): Berg, Marc; Mol, Annemarie
    Abstract:

    Western medicine—especially in contrast with non-Western traditions of medical practice—is widely thought of as a coherent and unified field in which beliefs, definitions, and judgments are shared. Marc Berg and Annemarie Mol debunk this myth with an interdisciplinary and intercultural collection of essays that reveals the significantly varied ways practitioners of “conventional” Western medicine handle bodies, study test results, configure statistics, and converse with patients .

    Combining theoretical work with interviews and direct observation of the activities and interactions of doctors, nurses, technicians, and patients, the contributors to this volume provide comparative studies of specific cases. Individual chapters explore topics such as the contested domain of fetal surgery in a California hospital, the construction of gender identity before transsexual surgery in Germany, and differences in the treatment and definition of pain by two clinics in France. Differences in Medicine advances earlier studies on medicine’s social diversity and regional variations to expose significant differences in the presumptions and decisions that affect patients’ lives, and marks a dramatic development in both the study of medicine and in science studies generally.

    Revealing the ways in which the bodies and lives of people are constructed as medical objects by practitioners, technologies, and textbooks, this collection calls for and initiates new, more textured investigations and theories of the body in medicine and the practice of science. It will open new discussions among medical and healthcare professionals as well as scholars in medical anthropology, science studies, sociology, philosophy, and the history of medicine.

    Contributors. Isabelle Baszanger, Marc Berg, Geoffrey C. Bowker, Monica J. Casper, Charis M. Cussins, Nicolas Dodier, Stefan Hirschauer, Annemarie Mol, Vicky Singleton, Susan Leigh Star, Stefan Timmermans, Dick Willems

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399179
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    contrib-editor: Marc Berg; Annemarie Mol
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822399179
    illustrations-note: 2 b&w photographs, 3 tables, 7 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321620
    isbn-paper: 9780822321743
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Body, commodity, text
    subtitle: Unraveling Practices, Techniques, and Bodies
  • Dilemmas of Difference
    Author(s): Radcliffe, Sarah A.
    Abstract:

    In Dilemmas of Difference Sarah A. Radcliffe explores the relationship of rural indigenous women in Ecuador to the development policies and actors that are ostensibly there to help ameliorate social and economic inequality. Radcliffe finds that development policies’s inability to recognize and reckon with the legacies of colonialism reinforces long-standing social hierarchies, thereby reproducing the very poverty and disempowerment they are there to solve. This ineffectiveness results from failures to acknowledge the local population's diversity and a lack of accounting for the complex intersections of gender, race, ethnicity, class, and geography. As a result, projects often fail to match beneficiaries' needs, certain groups are made invisible, and indigenous women become excluded from positions of authority. Drawing from a mix of ethnographic fieldwork and postcolonial and social theory, Radcliffe centers the perspectives of indigenous women to show how they craft practices and epistemologies that critique ineffective development methods, inform their political agendas, and shape their strategic interventions in public policy debates.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375029
    Publication Date: 2015-10-07
    author-list-text: Sarah A. Radcliffe
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sarah A. Radcliffe
    contrib-author: Sarah A. Radcliffe
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375029
    illustrations-note: 20 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359784
    isbn-paper: 9780822360100
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Drawing from ethnographic fieldwork and postcolonial theory, Sarah A. Radcliffe centers the experiences of rural indigenous women in Ecuador to show how the efforts of development agencies to reduce social and economic equality fail because they do not reckon with the legacies of colonialism.

    subtitle: Indigenous Women and the Limits of Postcolonial Development Policy
  • Diploma of Whiteness
    Author(s): Dávila, Jerry
    Abstract:

    In Brazil, the country with the largest population of African descent in the Americas, the idea of race underwent a dramatic shift in the first half of the twentieth century. Brazilian authorities, who had considered race a biological fact, began to view it as a cultural and environmental condition. Jerry Dávila explores the significance of this transition by looking at the history of the Rio de Janeiro school system between 1917 and 1945. He demonstrates how, in the period between the world wars, the dramatic proliferation of social policy initiatives in Brazil was subtly but powerfully shaped by beliefs that racially mixed and nonwhite Brazilians could be symbolically, if not physically, whitened through changes in culture, habits, and health.

    Providing a unique historical perspective on how racial attitudes move from elite discourse into people’s lives, Diploma of Whiteness shows how public schools promoted the idea that whites were inherently fit and those of African or mixed ancestry were necessarily in need of remedial attention. Analyzing primary material—including school system records, teacher journals, photographs, private letters, and unpublished documents—Dávila traces the emergence of racially coded hiring practices and student-tracking policies as well as the development of a social and scientific philosophy of eugenics. He contends that the implementation of the various policies intended to “improve” nonwhites institutionalized subtle barriers to their equitable integration into Brazilian society.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384441
    Publication Date: 2003-02-26
    author-list-text: Jerry Dávila
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jerry Dávila
    contrib-author: Jerry Dávila
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384441
    illustrations-note: 41 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330585
    isbn-paper: 9780822330707
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Asserts that Brazilian mid-century educational reforms, designed to end rigid, race-based exclusions and to incorporate the poor, did so by stressing whiteness as the primary characteristic of modernity.

    subtitle: Race and Social Policy in Brazil, 1917–1945
  • Disappearing Acts
    Author(s): Taylor, Diana
    Abstract:

    In Disappearing Acts, Diana Taylor looks at how national identity is shaped, gendered, and contested through spectacle and spectatorship. The specific identity in question is that of Argentina, and Taylor’s focus is directed toward the years 1976 to 1983 in which the Argentine armed forces were pitted against the Argentine people in that nation’s "Dirty War." Combining feminism, cultural studies, and performance theory, Taylor analyzes the political spectacles that comprised the war—concentration camps, torture, "disappearances"—as well as the rise of theatrical productions, demonstrations, and other performative practices that attempted to resist and subvert the Argentine military.

    Taylor uses performance theory to explore how public spectacle both builds and dismantles a sense of national and gender identity. Here, nation is understood as a product of communal "imaginings" that are rehearsed, written, and staged—and spectacle is the desiring machine at work in those imaginings. Taylor argues that the founding scenario of Argentineness stages the struggle for national identity as a battle between men—fought on, over, and through the feminine body of the Motherland. She shows how the military’s representations of itself as the model of national authenticity established the parameters of the conflict in the 70s and 80s, feminized the enemy, and positioned the public—limiting its ability to respond. Those who challenged the dictatorship, from the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo to progressive theater practitioners, found themselves in what Taylor describes as "bad scripts." Describing the images, myths, performances, and explanatory narratives that have informed Argentina’s national drama, Disappearing Acts offers a telling analysis of the aesthetics of violence and the disappearance of civil society during Argentina’s spectacle of terror.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399285
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Diana Taylor
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Diana Taylor
    contrib-author: Diana Taylor
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822399285
    illustrations-note: 50 b&w photographs, 14 figures
    isbn-paper: 9780822318774
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Spectacles of Gender and Nationalism in Argentina’s “Dirty War”
  • Disciplinary Conquest
    Author(s): Salvatore, Ricardo D.
    Abstract:

    In Disciplinary Conquest Ricardo D. Salvatore rewrites the origin story of Latin American studies by tracing the discipline's roots back to the first half of the twentieth century. Salvatore focuses on the work of five representative U.S. scholars of South America—historian Clarence Haring, geographer Isaiah Bowman, political scientist Leo Rowe, sociologist Edward Ross, and archaeologist Hiram Bingham—to show how Latin American studies was allied with U.S. business and foreign policy interests. Diplomats, policy makers, business investors, and the American public used the knowledge these and other scholars gathered to build an informal empire that fostered the growth of U.S. economic, technological, and cultural hegemony throughout the hemisphere. Tying the drive to know South America to the specialization and rise of Latin American studies, Salvatore shows how the disciplinary conquest of South America affirmed a new mode of American imperial engagement. 

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374503
    Publication Date: 2016-04-01
    author-list-text: Ricardo D. Salvatore
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ricardo D. Salvatore
    contrib-author: Ricardo D. Salvatore
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374503
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360810
    isbn-paper: 9780822360957
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    Highlights five influential U.S. scholars who helped shape understandings of South America in the early 20th century, showing how Latin American Studies began and how academic knowledge affected foreign policy and helped build an informal American empire.

    subtitle: U.S. Scholars in South America, 1900–1945
  • Discipline and the Other Body
    Author(s): Rao, Anupama; Pierce, Steven; Ward, Kerry; Dawdy, Shannon Lee
    Abstract:

    Discipline and the Other Body reveals the intimate relationship between violence and difference underlying modern governmental power and the human rights discourses that critique it. The comparative essays brought together in this collection show how, in using physical violence to discipline and control colonial subjects, governments repeatedly found themselves enmeshed in a fundamental paradox: Colonialism was about the management of difference—the “civilized” ruling the “uncivilized”—but colonial violence seemed to many the antithesis of civility, threatening to undermine the very distinction that validated its use. Violation of the bodies of colonial subjects regularly generated scandals, and eventually led to humanitarian initiatives, ultimately changing conceptions of “the human” and helping to constitute modern forms of human rights discourse. Colonial violence and discipline also played a crucial role in hardening modern categories of difference—race, gender, ethnicity, sexuality, and religion.

    The contributors, who include both historians and anthropologists, address instances of colonial violence from the early modern period to the twentieth century and from Asia to Africa to North America. They consider diverse topics, from the interactions of race, law, and violence in colonial Louisiana to British attempts to regulate sex and marriage in the Indian army in the early nineteenth century. They examine the political dilemmas raised by the extensive use of torture in colonial India and the ways that British colonizers flogged Nigerians based on beliefs that different ethnic and religious affiliations corresponded to different degrees of social evolution and levels of susceptibility to physical pain. An essay on how contemporary Sufi healers deploy bodily violence to maintain sexual and religious hierarchies in postcolonial northern Nigeria makes it clear that the state is not the only enforcer of disciplinary regimes based on ideas of difference.

    Contributors. Laura Bear, Yvette Christiansë, Shannon Lee Dawdy, Dorothy Ko, Isaac Land, Susan O’Brien, Douglas M. Peers, Steven Pierce, Anupama Rao, Kerry Ward

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387930
    Publication Date: 2006-04-12
    author-list-text: Kerry Ward and Shannon Lee Dawdy
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kerry Ward and
    2. Shannon Lee Dawdy
    contrib-editor: Anupama Rao; Steven Pierce
    contrib-other: Kerry Ward; Shannon Lee Dawdy
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387930
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337317
    isbn-paper: 9780822337430
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A comparative historical and ethnographic perspective on corporeal violence, the body's emergence as a political entity in colonial and postcolonial governance, and the production of a discourse of human rights.

    subtitle: Correction, Corporeality, Colonialism
  • Disciplining Feminism
    Author(s): Messer-Davidow, Ellen
    Abstract:

    How was academic feminism formed by the very institutions it originally set out to transform? This is the question Ellen Messer-Davidow seeks to answer in Disciplining Feminism. Launched thirty years ago as a bold venture to cut across disciplines and bridge the gap between scholarly knowledge and social activism, feminism in the academy, the author argues, is now entrenched in its institutional structures and separated from national political struggle.

    Working within a firm theoretical framework and drawing on years of both personal involvement and fieldwork in and outside of academe, Messer-Davidow traces the metamorphosis of a once insurgent project in three steps. After illustrating how early feminists meshed their activism with institutional processes to gain footholds on campuses and in disciplinary associations, she turns to the relay between institutionalization and intellectualization, examining the way feminist studies coalesced into an academic field beginning in the mid-1970s. Without denying the successes of this feminist passage into the established system of higher learning, Messer-Davidow nonetheless insists that the process of institutionalization itself necessarily alters all new entrants—no matter how radical. Her final chapters look to the future of feminism in an increasingly conservative environment and to the possibilities for social change in general.

    Disciplining Feminism’s interdisciplinary scope and cross-sector analysis will attract a broad range of readers interested in women’s studies, American higher education, and the dynamics of social transformation.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383581
    Publication Date: 2002-01-07
    author-list-text: Ellen Messer-Davidow
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ellen Messer-Davidow
    contrib-author: Ellen Messer-Davidow
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383581
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328292
    isbn-paper: 9780822328438
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A cultural studies account of the changes produced in feminism as it became part of the academy and of the highly orchestrated attack on higher education by the right-wing.

    subtitle: From Social Activism to Academic Discourse
  • Disciplining Statistics
    Author(s): Schweber, Libby; Adams, Julia; Steinmetz, George
    Abstract:

    In Disciplining Statistics Libby Schweber compares the science of population statistics in England and France during the nineteenth century, demonstrating radical differences in the interpretation and use of statistical knowledge. Through a comparison of vital statistics and demography, Schweber describes how the English government embraced statistics, using probabilistic interpretations of statistical data to analyze issues related to poverty and public health. The French were far less enthusiastic. Political and scientific élites in France struggled with the “reality” of statistical populations, wrestling with concerns about the accuracy of figures that aggregated heterogeneous groups such as the rich and poor and rejecting probabilistic interpretations.

    Tracing the introduction and promotion of vital statistics and demography, Schweber identifies the institutional conditions that account for the contrasting styles of reasoning. She shows that the different reactions to statistics stemmed from different criteria for what counted as scientific knowledge. The French wanted certain knowledge, a one-to-one correspondence between observations and numbers. The English adopted an instrumental approach, using the numbers to influence public opinion and evaluate and justify legislation.

    Schweber recounts numerous attempts by vital statisticians and demographers to have their work recognized as legitimate scientific pursuits. While the British scientists had greater access to government policy makers, and were able to influence policy in a way that their French counterparts were not, ultimately neither the vital statisticians nor the demographers were able to institutionalize their endeavors. By 1885, both fields had been superseded by new forms of knowledge. Disciplining Statistics highlights how the development of “scientific” knowledge was shaped by interrelated epistemological, political, and institutional considerations.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388524
    Publication Date: 2006-11-07
    author-list-text: Libby Schweber, Julia Adams and George Steinmetz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Libby Schweber,
    2. Julia Adams and
    3. George Steinmetz
    contrib-author: Libby Schweber
    contrib-series-editor: Julia Adams; George Steinmetz
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388524
    illustrations-note: 3 tables, 3 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338253
    isbn-paper: 9780822338147
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Politics, History, and Culture
    short-abstract:

    Disciplining Statistics contrasts the different ways that statistical knowledge was developed and used in England and France during the nineteenth century.

    subtitle: Demography and Vital Statistics in France and England, 1830–1885
  • Discourse and the Other
    Author(s): Hogue, W. Lawrence
    Abstract:

    The central thesis of Lawrence Hogue's book is that criticism of Afro-American literature has left out of account the way in which ideological pressures dictate the canon. This fresh approach to the study of the social, ideological, and political dynamics of the Afro-American literary text in the twentieth century, based on the Foucauldian concept of literature as social institution, examines the universalization that power effects, how literary texts are appropriated to meet ideological concerns and needs, and the continued oppression of dissenting voices.

    Hogue presents an illuminating discussion of the publication and review history of "major" and neglected texts. He illustrates the acceptance of texts as exotica, as sociological documents, or as carriers of sufficient literary conventions to receive approbation. Although the sixties movement allowed the text to move to the periphery of the dominant ideology, providing some new myths about the Afro-American historical past, this marginal position was subsequently sabotaged, co-opted, or appropriated (Afros became a fad; presidents gave the soul handshake; the hip-talking black was dressing one style and talking another.)

    This study includes extended discussion of four works; Ernest J. Gaines's The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, Alice Walker's The Third Life of Grange Copeland, Albert Murray's Train Whistle Guitar, and Toni Morrison's Sula. Hogue assesses the informing worldviews of each and the extent and nature of their acceptance by the dominant American cultural apparatus.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382898
    Publication Date: 1986-11-25
    author-list-text: W. Lawrence Hogue
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. W. Lawrence Hogue
    contrib-author: W. Lawrence Hogue
    copyright-year: 1986
    eisbn: 9780822382898
    isbn-cloth: 9780822306764
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Production of the Afro-American Text
  • Disease in the History of Modern Latin America
    Author(s): Armus, Diego; Stepan, Nancy Lews; Nouzeilles, Gabriela; Coutinho, Marilia
    Abstract:

    Challenging traditional approaches to medical history, Disease in the History of Modern Latin America advances understandings of disease as a social and cultural construction in Latin America. This innovative collection provides a vivid look at the latest research in the cultural history of medicine through insightful essays about how disease—whether it be cholera or aids, leprosy or mental illness—was experienced and managed in different Latin American countries and regions, at different times from the late nineteenth century to the present.

    Based on the idea that the meanings of sickness—and health—are contestable and subject to controversy, Disease in the History of Modern Latin America displays the richness of an interdisciplinary approach to social and cultural history. Examining diseases in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia, the contributors explore the production of scientific knowledge, literary metaphors for illness, domestic public health efforts, and initiatives shaped by the agendas of international agencies. They also analyze the connections between ideas of sexuality, disease, nation, and modernity; the instrumental role of certain illnesses in state-building processes; welfare efforts sponsored by the state and led by the medical professions; and the boundaries between individual and state responsibilities regarding sickness and health. Diego Armus’s introduction contextualizes the essays within the history of medicine, the history of public health, and the sociocultural history of disease.

    Contributors. Diego Armus, Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Kathleen Elaine Bliss, Ann S. Blum, Marilia Coutinho, Marcus Cueto, Patrick Larvie, Gabriela Nouzeilles, Diana Obregón, Nancy Lays Stepan, Ann Zulawski

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384342
    Publication Date: 2003-03-05
    author-list-text: Nancy Lews Stepan, Gabriela Nouzeilles and Marilia Coutinho
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nancy Lews Stepan,
    2. Gabriela Nouzeilles and
    3. Marilia Coutinho
    contrib-editor: Diego Armus
    contrib-other: Nancy Lews Stepan; Gabriela Nouzeilles; Marilia Coutinho
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384342
    illustrations-note: 29 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330578
    isbn-paper: 9780822330691
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Edited volume that takes a non-traditional approach to the history of medicine in Latin America, and emphasizes the cultural and social construction of disease.

    subtitle: From Malaria to AIDS
  • Disenchanting Les Bons Temps
    Author(s): Stivale, Charles J.; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric
    Abstract:

    The expression laissez les bons temps rouler—"let the good times roll"—conveys the sense of exuberance and good times associated with southern Louisiana’s vibrant cultural milieu. Yet, for Cajuns, descendants of French settlers exiled from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in the mid-eighteenth century, this sense of celebration has always been mixed with sorrow. By focusing on Cajun music and dance and the ways they convey the dual experiences of joy and pain, Disenchanting Les Bons Temps illuminates the complexities of Cajun culture. Charles J. Stivale shows how vexed issues of cultural identity and authenticity are negotiated through the rich expressions of emotion, sensation, sound, and movement in Cajun music and dance.

    Stivale combines his personal knowledge and love of Cajun music and dance with the theoretical insights of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari to consider representations of things Cajun. He examines the themes expressed within the lyrics of the Cajun musical repertoire and reflects on the ways Cajun cultural practices are portrayed in different genres including feature films, documentaries, and instructional dance videos. He analyzes the dynamic exchanges between musicians, dancers, and spectators at such venues as bars and music festivals. He also considers a number of thorny socio-political issues underlying Cajun culture, including racial tensions and linguistic isolation. At the same time, he describes various efforts by contemporary musicians and their fans to transcend the limitations of cultural stereotypes and social exclusion.

    Disenchanting Les Bons Temps will appeal to those interested inCajun culture, issues of race and ethnicity, music and dance, and the intersection of French and Francophone studies with Anglo and American cultural studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384823
    Publication Date: 2002-10-29
    author-list-text: Charles J. Stivale, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Charles J. Stivale,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Charles J. Stivale
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384823
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330332
    isbn-paper: 9780822330202
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    short-abstract:

    Presents the complex and conflicting views of Cajun cultural heritage, identities, and their manifestation in musical and dance expression.

    subtitle: Identity and Authenticity in Cajun Music and Dance
  • Disintegrating the Musical
    Author(s): Knight, Arthur
    Abstract:

    From the earliest sound films to the present, American cinema has represented African Americans as decidedly musical. Disintegrating the Musical tracks and analyzes this history of musical representations of African Americans, from blacks and whites in blackface to black-cast musicals to jazz shorts, from sorrow songs to show tunes to bebop and beyond.

    Arthur Knight focuses on American film’s classic sound era, when Hollywood studios made eight all-black-cast musicals—a focus on Afro-America unparalleled in any other genre. It was during this same period that the first black film stars—Paul Robeson, Louis Armstrong, Lena Horne, Harry Belafonte, Dorothy Dandridge—emerged, not coincidentally, from the ranks of musical performers. That these films made so much of the connection between African Americans and musicality was somewhat ironic, Knight points out, because they did so in a form (song) and a genre (the musical) celebrating American social integration, community, and the marriage of opposites—even as the films themselves were segregated and played before even more strictly segregated audiences.

    Disintegrating the Musical covers territory both familiar—Show Boat, Stormy Weather, Porgy and Bess—and obscure—musical films by pioneer black director Oscar Micheaux, Lena Horne’s first film The Duke Is Tops, specialty numbers tucked into better-known features, and lost classics like the short Jammin’ the Blues. It considers the social and cultural contexts from which these films arose and how African American critics and audiences responded to them. Finally, Disintegrating the Musical shows how this history connects with the present practices of contemporary musical films like O Brother, Where Art Thou? and Bamboozled.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384106
    Publication Date: 2002-07-24
    author-list-text: Arthur Knight
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Arthur Knight
    contrib-author: Arthur Knight
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822384106
    illustrations-note: 68 b&w photos, 5 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329350
    isbn-paper: 9780822329633
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The history of African Americans in film musicals and their reception by Black audiences and critics.

    subtitle: Black Performance and American Musical Film
  • Dispatches from the Front
    Author(s): Hauerwas, Stanley
    Abstract:

    God knows it is hard to make God boring, Stanley Hauerwas writes, but American Christians, aided and abetted by theologians, have accomplished that feat. Whatever might be said about Hauerwas—and there is plenty—no one has ever accused him of being boring, and in this book he delivers another jolt to all those who think that Christian theology is a matter of indifference to our secular society.

    At once Christian theology and social criticism, this book aims to show that the two cannot be separated. In this spirit, Hauerwas mounts a forceful attack on current sentimentalities about the significance of democracy, the importance of the family, and compassion, which appears here as a literally fatal virtue. In this time of the decline of religious knowledge, when knowing a little about a religion tends to do more harm than good, Hauerwas offers direction to those who would make Christian discourse both useful and truthful. Animated by a deep commitment, his essays exhibit the difference that Christian theology can make in the shaping of lives and the world.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396581
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Stanley Hauerwas
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Stanley Hauerwas
    contrib-author: Stanley Hauerwas
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822396581
    isbn-cloth: 9780822314752
    isbn-paper: 9780822317166
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Theological Engagements with the Secular
  • Displaced Allegories
    Author(s): Mottahedeh, Negar
    Abstract:

    Following the 1979 Iranian Revolution, Iran’s film industry, in conforming to the Islamic Republic’s system of modesty, had to ensure that women on-screen were veiled from the view of men. This prevented Iranian filmmakers from making use of the desiring gaze, a staple cinematic system of looking. In Displaced Allegories Negar Mottahedeh shows that post-Revolutionary Iranian filmmakers were forced to create a new visual language for conveying meaning to audiences. She argues that the Iranian film industry found creative ground not in the negation of government regulations but in the camera’s adoption of the modest, averted gaze. In the process, the filmic techniques and cinematic technologies were gendered as feminine and the national cinema was produced as a woman’s cinema.

    Mottahedeh asserts that, in response to the prohibitions against the desiring look, a new narrative cinema emerged as the displaced allegory of the constraints on the post-Revolutionary Iranian film industry. Allegorical commentary was not developed in the explicit content of cinematic narratives but through formal innovations. Offering close readings of the work of the nationally popular and internationally renowned Iranian auteurs Bahram Bayza’i, Abbas Kiarostami, and Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Mottahedeh illuminates the formal codes and conventions of post-Revolutionary Iranian films. She insists that such analyses of cinema’s visual codes and conventions are crucial to the study of international film. As Mottahedeh points out, the discipline of film studies has traditionally seen film as a medium that communicates globally because of its dependence on a (Hollywood) visual language assumed to be universal and legible across national boundaries. Displaced Allegories demonstrates that visual language is not necessarily universal; it is sometimes deeply informed by national culture and politics.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381198
    Publication Date: 2008-10-24
    author-list-text: Negar Mottahedeh
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Negar Mottahedeh
    contrib-author: Negar Mottahedeh
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822381198
    illustrations-note: 123 illustrations (28 sequences)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342601
    isbn-paper: 9780822342755
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An analysis of post-revolutionary Iranian cinema in relation to gender and nation.

    subtitle: Post-Revolutionary Iranian Cinema
  • Displacement, Diaspora, and Geographies of Identity
    Author(s): Lavie, Smadar; Swedenburg, Ted
    Abstract:

    Displacement, Diaspora, and Geographies of Identity challenges conventional understandings of identity based on notions of nation and culture as bounded or discrete. Through careful examinations of various transnational, hybrid, border, and diasporic forces and practices, these essays push at the edge of cultural studies, postmodernism, and postcolonial theory and raise crucial questions about ethnographic methodology.

    This volume exemplifies a cross-disciplinary cultural studies and a concept of culture rooted in lived experience as well as textual readings. Anthropologists and scholars from related fields deploy a range of methodologies and styles of writing to blur and complicate conventional dualisms between authors and subjects of research, home and away, center and periphery, and first and third world. Essays discuss topics such as Rai, a North African pop music viewed as westernized in Algeria and as Arab music in France; the place of Sephardic and Palestinian writers within Israel’s Ashkenazic-dominated arts community; and the use and misuse of the concept “postcolonial” as it is applied in various regional contexts.

    In exploring histories of displacement and geographies of identity, these essays call for the reconceptualization of theoretical binarisms such as modern and postmodern, colonial and postcolonial. It will be of interest to a broad spectrum of scholars and students concerned with postmodern and postcolonial theory, ethnography, anthropology, and cultural studies.

    Contributors. Norma Alarcón, Edward M. Bruner, Nahum D. Chandler, Ruth Frankenberg, Joan Gross, Dorinne Kondo, Kristin Koptiuch, Smadar Lavie, Lata Mani, David McMurray, Kirin Narayan, Greg Sarris, Ted Swedenburg

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379577
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    contrib-editor: Smadar Lavie; Ted Swedenburg
    copyright-year: 1996
    eisbn: 9780822379577
    isbn-cloth: 9780822317104
    isbn-paper: 9780822317203
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle:
  • Displacing Whiteness
    Author(s): Frankenberg, Ruth; Aanerud, Rebecca; Muraleedharan, T.; Chabram-Dernersesian, Angie; hooks, bell
    Abstract:

    Displacing Whiteness makes a unique contribution to the study of race dominance. Its theoretical innovations in the analysis of whiteness are integrated with careful, substantive explorations of whiteness on an international, multiracial, cross-class, and gendered terrain. Contributors localize whiteness, as well as explore its sociological, anthropological, literary, and political dimensions.

    Approaching whiteness as a plural rather than singular concept, the essays describe, for instance, African American, Chicana/o, European American, and British experiences of whiteness. The contributors offer critical readings of theory, literature, film and popular culture; ethnographic analyses; explorations of identity formation; and examinations of racism and political process. Essays examine the alarming epidemic of angry white men on both sides of the Atlantic; far-right electoral politics in the UK; underclass white people in Detroit; whiteness in "brownface" in the film Gandhi; the engendering of whiteness in Chicana/o movement discourses; "whiteface" literature; Roland Barthes as a critic of white consciousness; whiteness in the black imagination; the inclusion and exclusion of suburban "brown-skinned white girls"; and the slippery relationships between culture, race, and nation in the history of whiteness. Displacing Whiteness breaks new ground by specifying how whiteness is lived, engaged, appropriated, and theorized in a range of geographical locations and historical moments, representing a necessary advance in analytical thinking surrounding the burgeoning study of race and culture.

    Contributors. Rebecca Aanerud, Angie Chabram-Dernersesian, Phil Cohen, Ruth Frankenberg, John Hartigan Jr., bell hooks, T. Muraleedharan, Chéla Sandoval, France Winddance Twine, Vron Ware, David Wellman

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382270
    Publication Date: 1997-09-01
    author-list-text: Rebecca Aanerud, T. Muraleedharan, Angie Chabram-Dernersesian and bell hooks
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Rebecca Aanerud,
    2. T. Muraleedharan,
    3. Angie Chabram-Dernersesian and
    4. bell hooks
    contrib-editor: Ruth Frankenberg
    contrib-other: Rebecca Aanerud; T. Muraleedharan; Angie Chabram-Dernersesian; bell hooks
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822382270
    isbn-cloth: 9780822320111
    isbn-paper: 9780822320210
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A collection of anti-racist, critical essays on the specific (localized) constructions of whiteness, white identities and white privilege edited by the author of the very successful White Women, Race Matters (U. Minn.)

    subtitle: Essays in Social and Cultural Criticism

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