Browse by Title : C

  • C. L. R. James in Imperial Britain
    Author(s): Høgsbjerg, Christian

    C. L. R. James in Imperial Britain chronicles the life and work of the Trinidadian intellectual and writer C. L. R. James during his first extended stay in Britain, from 1932 to 1938. It reveals the radicalizing effect of this critical period on James's intellectual and political trajectory. During this time, James turned from liberal humanism to revolutionary socialism. Rejecting the "imperial Britishness" he had absorbed growing up in a crown colony in the British West Indies, he became a leading anticolonial activist and Pan-Africanist thinker. Christian Høgsbjerg reconstructs the circumstances and milieus in which James wrote works including his magisterial study The Black Jacobins. First published in 1938, James's examination of the dynamics of anticolonial revolution in Haiti continues to influence scholarship on Atlantic slavery and abolition. Høgsbjerg contends that during the Depression C. L. R. James advanced public understanding of the African diaspora and emerged as one of the most significant and creative revolutionary Marxists in Britain.


    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376965
    Publication Date: 2014-03-07
    author-list-text: Christian Høgsbjerg
    1. Christian Høgsbjerg
    contrib-author: Christian Høgsbjerg
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376965
    illustrations-note: 10 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356127
    isbn-paper: 9780822356189
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: C. L. R. James Archives
  • C. L. R. James’s Caribbean
    Author(s): Henry, Paget; Buhle, Paul; Hall, Stuart; James, C. L. R.; Lamming, George

    For more than half a century, C. L. R. James (1901–1989)—"the Black Plato," as coined by the London Times—has been an internationally renowned revolutionary thinker, writer, and activist. Born in Trinidad, his lifelong work was devoted to understanding and transforming race and class exploitation in his native West Indies, as well as in Britain and the United States. In C. L. R. James's Caribbean, noted scholars examine the roots of both James's life and oeuvre in connection with the economic, social, and political environment of the West Indies.

    Drawing upon James's observations of his own life as revealed to interviewers and close friends, this volume provides an examination of James's childhood and early years as colonial literatteur and his massive contribution to West Indian political-cultural understanding. Moving beyond previous biographical interpretations, the contributors here take up the problem of reading James's texts in light of poststructuralist criticism, the implications of his texts for Marxist discourse, and for problems of Caribbean development.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382386
    Publication Date: 1996-08-28
    author-list-text: Stuart Hall, C. L. R. James and George Lamming
    1. Stuart Hall,
    2. C. L. R. James and
    3. George Lamming
    contrib-editor: Paget Henry; Paul Buhle
    contrib-other: Stuart Hall; C. L. R. James; George Lamming
    copyright-year: 1992
    eisbn: 9780822382386
    isbn-cloth: 9780822312314
    isbn-paper: 9780822312444
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
  • Cachita's Streets
    Author(s): Schmidt, Jalane D.

    Cuba’s patron saint, the Virgin of Charity of El Cobre, also called Cachita, is a potent symbol of Cuban national identity. Jalane D. Schmidt shows how groups as diverse as Indians and African slaves, Spanish colonial officials, Cuban independence soldiers, Catholic authorities and laypeople, intellectuals, journalists and artists, practitioners of spiritism and Santería, activists, politicians, and revolutionaries each have constructed and disputed the meanings of the Virgin. Schmidt examines the occasions from 1936 to 2012 when the Virgin's beloved, original brown-skinned effigy was removed from her national shrine in the majority black- and mixed-race mountaintop village of El Cobre and brought into Cuba's cities. There, devotees venerated and followed Cachita's image through urban streets, amassing at large-scale public ceremonies in her honor that promoted competing claims about Cuban religion, race, and political ideology. Schmidt compares these religious rituals to other contemporaneous Cuban street events, including carnival, protests, and revolutionary rallies, where organizers stage performances of contested definitions of Cubanness. Schmidt provides a comprehensive treatment of Cuban religions, history, and culture, interpreted through the prism of Cachita.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375319
    Publication Date: 2015-08-03
    author-list-text: Jalane D. Schmidt
    1. Jalane D. Schmidt
    contrib-author: Jalane D. Schmidt
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375319
    illustrations-note: 27 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359180
    isbn-paper: 9780822359371
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Religious Cultures of African and African Diaspora People

    Jalane D. Schmidt shows how the Virgin of Charity of El Cobre, discovered in 1612 and known as Cachita, is a potent and contested symbol of Cuban national identity. She analyzes the five times over the last eighty years Cachita has been celebrated in Cuba's urban streets.

    subtitle: The Virgin of Charity, Race, and Revolution in Cuba
  • Callaloo Nation
    Author(s): Khan, Aisha; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    Mixing—whether referred to as mestizaje, callaloo, hybridity, creolization, or multiculturalism—is a foundational cultural trope in Caribbean and Latin American societies. Historically entwined with colonial, anticolonial, and democratic ideologies, ideas about mixing are powerful forces in the ways identities are interpreted and evaluated. As Aisha Khan shows in this ethnography, they reveal the tension that exists between identity as a source of equality and identity as an instrument through which social and cultural hierarchies are reinforced. Focusing on the Indian diaspora in the Caribbean, Khan examines this paradox as it is expressed in key dimensions of Hindu and Muslim cultural history and social relationships in southern Trinidad. In vivid detail, she describes how disempowered communities create livable conditions for themselves while participating in a broader culture that both celebrates and denies difference.

    Khan combines ethnographic research she conducted in Trinidad over the course of a decade with extensive archival research to explore how Hindu and Muslim Indo-Trinidadians interpret authority, generational tensions, and the transformations of Indian culture in the Caribbean through metaphors of mixing. She demonstrates how ambivalence about the desirability of a callaloo nation—a multicultural society—is manifest around practices and issues, including rituals, labor, intermarriage, and class mobility. Khan maintains that metaphors of mixing are pervasive and worth paying attention to: the assumptions and concerns they communicate are key to unraveling who Indo-Trinidadians imagine themselves to be and how identities such as race and religion shape and are shaped by the politics of multiculturalism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386094
    Publication Date: 2004-09-20
    author-list-text: Aisha Khan, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Aisha Khan,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Aisha Khan
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822386094
    illustrations-note: 9 b&w photos, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333760
    isbn-paper: 9780822333883
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    Analyzes the relationship between conceptions of racial and ethnic identity and the ways social stratification and inequality are reproduced and experienced in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

    subtitle: Metaphors of Race and Religious Identity among South Asians in Trinidad
  • Capitalism and Christianity, American Style
    Author(s): Connolly, William E.

    Capitalism and Christianity, American Style is William E. Connolly’s stirring call for the democratic left to counter the conservative stranglehold over American religious and economic culture in order to put egalitarianism and ecological integrity on the political agenda. An eminent political theorist known for his work on identity, secularism, and pluralism, Connolly charts the path of the “evangelical-capitalist resonance machine,” source of a bellicose ethos reverberating through contemporary institutional life. He argues that the vengeful vision of the Second Coming motivating a segment of the evangelical right resonates with the ethos of greed animating the cowboy sector of American capitalism. The resulting evangelical-capitalist ethos finds expression in church pulpits, Fox News reports, the best-selling Left Behind novels, consumption practices, investment priorities, and state policies. These practices resonate together to diminish diversity, forestall responsibility to future generations, ignore urban poverty, and support a system of extensive economic inequality.

    Connolly describes how the evangelical-capitalist machine works, how its themes resound across class lines, and how it infiltrates numerous aspects of American life. Proposing changes in sensibility and strategy to challenge this machine, Connolly contends that the liberal distinction between secular public and religious private life must be reworked. Traditional notions of unity or solidarity must be translated into drives to forge provisional assemblages comprised of multiple constituencies and creeds. The left must also learn from the political right how power is infused into everyday institutions such as the media, schools, churches, consumption practices, corporations, and neighborhoods. Connolly explores the potential of a “tragic vision” to contest the current politics of existential resentment and political hubris, explores potential lines of connection between it and theistic faiths that break with the evangelical right, and charts the possibility of forging an “eco-egalitarian” economy. Capitalism and Christianity, American Style is William E. Connolly’s most urgent work to date.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381235
    Publication Date: 2008-04-09
    author-list-text: William E. Connolly
    1. William E. Connolly
    contrib-author: William E. Connolly
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822381235
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342496
    isbn-paper: 9780822342724
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A leading political theorist s impassioned call for the democratic left to counter the conservative stranglehold over American religious and economic culture.

  • Capitalism, God, and a Good Cigar
    Author(s): Chavez, Lydia; Chakarova, Mimi; Roca, Alicia; Foley, Julian; Wunderlich, Annelise

    When the Soviet Union dissolved, so did the easy credit, cheap oil, and subsidies it had provided to Cuba. The bottom fell out of the Cuban economy, and many expected that Castro’s revolution—the one that had inspired the Left throughout Latin America and elsewhere—would soon be gone as well. More than a decade later, the revolution lives on, albeit in a modified form. Following the collapse of Soviet communism, Castro legalized the dollar, opened the island to tourism, and allowed foreign investment, small-scale private enterprise, and remittances from exiles in Miami. Capitalism, God, and a Good Cigar describes what the changes implemented since the early 1990s have meant for ordinary Cubans: hotel workers, teachers, priests, factory workers, rap artists, writers, homemakers, and others.

    Based on reporting by journalists, writers, and documentary filmmakers since 2001, each of the essays collected here covers a particular dimension of contemporary Cuban society, revealing what it is like to have lived, for more than a decade, suspended between communism and capitalism. There are pieces on hip hop musicians, fiction writing and censorship, the state of ballet and the performing arts, and the role of computers and the Internet. Other essays address the shrinking yet still sizeable numbers of true believers in the promise of socialist revolution, the legendary cigar industry, the changing state of religion, the significance of the recent influx of money and people from Spain, and the tensions between recent Cuban emigrants and previous generations of exiles. Including more than seventy striking documentary photographs of Cuba’s people, countryside, and city streets, this richly illustrated collection offers keen, even-handed insights into the abundant ironies of life in Cuba today.

    Contributors. Juliana Barbassa, Ana Campoy, Mimi Chakarova, Lydia Chávez, John Coté, Julian Foley, Angel González, Megan Lardner, Ezequiel Minaya, Daniela Mohor, Archana Pyati, Alicia Roca, Olga R. Rodríguez, Bret Sigler, Annelise Wunderlich

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386483
    Publication Date: 2005-04-15
    author-list-text: Mimi Chakarova, Alicia Roca, Julian Foley and Annelise Wunderlich
    1. Mimi Chakarova,
    2. Alicia Roca,
    3. Julian Foley and
    4. Annelise Wunderlich
    contrib-editor: Lydia Chavez
    contrib-other: Mimi Chakarova; Alicia Roca; Julian Foley; Annelise Wunderlich
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386483
    illustrations-note: 75 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334828
    isbn-paper: 9780822334941
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Focuses on the extensive changes that have taken place in Cuba since 1993, when Castro legalized the dollar, with essays including transformations in the economy, religious life, the literary world, ballet, and hip hop.

    subtitle: Cuba Enters the Twenty-first Century
  • Caribbean Journeys
    Author(s): Olwig, Karen Fog

    Caribbean Journeys is an ethnographic analysis of the cultural meaning of migration and home in three families of West Indian background that are now dispersed throughout the Caribbean, North America, and Great Britain. Moving migration studies beyond its current focus on sending and receiving societies, Karen Fog Olwig makes migratory family networks the locus of her analysis. For the people whose lives she traces, being “Caribbean” is not necessarily rooted in ongoing visits to their countries of origin, or in ethnic communities in the receiving countries, but rather in family narratives and the maintenance of family networks across vast geographical expanses.

    The migratory journeys of the families in this study began more than sixty years ago, when individuals in the three families left home in a British colonial town in Jamaica, a French Creole rural community in Dominica, and an African-Caribbean village of small farmers on Nevis. Olwig follows the three family networks forward in time, interviewing family members living under highly varied social and economic circumstances in locations ranging from California to Barbados, Nova Scotia to Florida, and New Jersey to England. Through her conversations with several generations of these far-flung families, she gives insight into each family’s educational, occupational, and socioeconomic trajectories. Olwig contends that terms such as “Caribbean diaspora” wrongly assume a culturally homogeneous homeland. As she demonstrates in Caribbean Journeys, anthropologists who want a nuanced understanding of how migrants and their descendants perceive their origins and identities must focus on interpersonal relations and intimate spheres as well as on collectivities and public expressions of belonging.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389859
    Publication Date: 2007-05-22
    author-list-text: Karen Fog Olwig
    1. Karen Fog Olwig
    contrib-author: Karen Fog Olwig
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389859
    illustrations-note: 3 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339779
    isbn-paper: 9780822339946
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    An ethnographic study of migration based on the experiences of three dispersed Caribbean families as they maintain networks across their diverse locations.

    subtitle: An Ethnography of Migration and Home in Three Family Networks
  • Carnal Rhetoric
    Author(s): Cable, Lana

    In recent years, New Historicists have situated the iconoclasm of Milton’s poetry and prose within the context of political, cultural, and philosophical discourses that foreshadow early modernism. In Carnal Rhetoric, Lana Cable carries these investigations further by exploring the iconoclastic impulse in Milton’s works through detailed analyses of his use of metaphor. Building on a provocative iconoclastic theory of metaphor, she breaks new ground in the area of affective stylistics, not only as it pertains to the writings of Milton but also to all expressive language.

    Cable traces the development of Milton’s iconoclastic poetics from its roots in the antiprelatical tracts, through the divorce tracts and Areopagitica, to its fullest dramatic representation in Eikonoklastes and Samson Agonistes. Arguing that, like every creative act, metaphor is by nature a radical and self-transgressing agent of change, she explores the site where metaphoric language and imaginative desire merge. Examining the demands Milton places on metaphor, particularly his emphasis on language as a vehicle for mortal redemption, Cable demonstrates the ways in which metaphor acts for him as that creative and radical agent of change. In the process, she reveals Milton’s engagement, at the deepest levels of linguistic creativity, with the early modern commitment to an imaginative and historic remaking of the world.

    An insightful and synthetic book, Carnal Rhetoric will appeal to scholars of English literature, Milton, and the Renaissance, as well as to those with an interest in the theory of affective stylistics as it pertains to reader-response criticism, semantics, epistemology, and the philosophy and psychology of language.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382409
    Publication Date: 1995-02-28
    author-list-text: Lana Cable
    1. Lana Cable
    contrib-author: Lana Cable
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822382409
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315605
    isbn-paper: 9780822315735
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Milton’s Iconoclasm and the Poetics of Desire
  • Cartographic Mexico
    Author(s): Craib, Raymond B; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    In Cartographic Mexico, Raymond B. Craib analyzes the powerful role cartographic routines such as exploration, surveying, and mapmaking played in the creation of the modern Mexican state in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Such routines were part of a federal obsession—or “state fixation”—with determining and “fixing” geographic points, lines, and names in order to facilitate economic development and political administration. As well as analyzing the maps that resulted from such routines, Craib examines in close detail the processes that eventually generated them. Taking central Veracruz as a case in point, he shows how in the field, agrarian officials, military surveyors, and metropolitan geographers traversed a “fugitive landscape” of overlapping jurisdictions and use rights, ambiguous borders, shifting place names, and villagers with their own conceptions of history and territory. Drawing on an array of sources—including maps, letters from peasants, official reports, and surveyors’ journals and correspondence—Craib follows the everyday, contested processes through which officials attempted to redefine and codify such fugitive landscapes in struggle with the villagers they encountered in the field. In the process, he vividly demonstrates how surveying and mapmaking were never mere technical procedures: they were, and remain to this day, profoundly social and political practices in which surveyors, landowners, agrarian bureaucrats, and peasants all played powerful and complex roles.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385943
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Raymond B Craib and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Raymond B Craib and
    2. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Raymond B Craib
    contrib-series-editor: Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385943
    illustrations-note: 20 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334057
    isbn-paper: 9780822334163
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    Analyzes spatial history of 19th and early 20th century Mexico, particularly political uses of mapping and surveying, to demonstrate multiple ways that space can be negotiated in the service of local or national agendas.

    subtitle: A History of State Fixations and Fugitive Landscapes
  • Castaway
    Author(s): Christiansë, Yvette

    In Castaway Yvette Christiansë presents an epic yet fragmented poetic story set off the coast of Africa on the island of St. Helena: Napoleon Bonaparte’s final place of exile, a port of call for the slave trade, and birthplace of the poet’s grandmother. Amid echoes of racialized identity and issues of displacement, the poems in Castaway speak with a multiplicity of voices—from Ferñao Lopez (the island’s first exile) and Napoleon to that of a contemporary black woman. Castaway is simultaneously a song of discovery, an anthem of conquest, and a tortured lamentation of exiles and slaves.

    Instead of offering a linear narrative, Christiansë renders the poems as if they were emerging from the pages of imaginary books, documents now disrupted and scattered. An emperor’s point of view is juxtaposed with the perspectives of various explorers, sailors, and unknown slaves until finally they all open upon the book’s “castaway,” the authorial female voice that negotiates a way to write about love and desire after centuries of oppression and exploitation.

    Daring and sophisticated, Castaway challenges and captivates the reader with not only its lyrical richness and conceptual depth but also its implicit and haunting reflections on diaspora and postcolonialism. It will be highly regarded by readers and writers of poetry and will appeal to those engaged with issues of race, gender, exile, multiculturalism, colonialism, and history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396208
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Yvette Christiansë
    1. Yvette Christiansë
    contrib-author: Yvette Christiansë
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822396208
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323860
    isbn-paper: 9780822324218
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
  • Catarino Garza’s Revolution on the Texas-Mexico Border
    Author(s): Young, Elliott; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.

    Catarino Garza’s Revolution on the Texas-Mexico Border rescues an understudied episode from the footnotes of history. On September 15, 1891, Garza, a Mexican journalist and political activist, led a band of Mexican rebels out of South Texas and across the Rio Grande, declaring a revolution against Mexico’s dictator, Porfirio Díaz. Made up of a broad cross-border alliance of ranchers, merchants, peasants, and disgruntled military men, Garza’s revolution was the largest and longest lasting threat to the Díaz regime up to that point. After two years of sporadic fighting, the combined efforts of the U.S. and Mexican armies, Texas Rangers, and local police finally succeeded in crushing the rebellion. Garza went into exile and was killed in Panama in 1895.

    Elliott Young provides the first full-length analysis of the revolt and its significance, arguing that Garza’s rebellion is an important and telling chapter in the formation of the border between Mexico and the United States and in the histories of both countries. Throughout the nineteenth century, the borderlands were a relatively coherent region. Young analyzes archival materials, newspapers, travel accounts, and autobiographies from both countries to show that Garza’s revolution was more than just an effort to overthrow Díaz. It was part of the long struggle of borderlands people to maintain their autonomy in the face of two powerful and encroaching nation-states and of Mexicans in particular to protect themselves from being economically and socially displaced by Anglo Americans. By critically examining the different perspectives of military officers, journalists, diplomats, and the Garzistas themselves, Young exposes how nationalism and its preeminent symbol, the border, were manufactured and resisted along the Rio Grande.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386407
    Publication Date: 2004-07-05
    author-list-text: Elliott Young, Gilbert M. Joseph and Emily S. Rosenberg
    1. Elliott Young,
    2. Gilbert M. Joseph and
    3. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-author: Elliott Young
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822386407
    illustrations-note: 23 illus., 3 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822333081
    isbn-paper: 9780822333203
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions

    Uses the Garza rebellion on the Texas-Mexico border to analyze economic and social change in this region, internationalizing U.S. history with its examination of a transborder area within the larger histories of Mexico and the United States.

  • Celestina’s Brood
    Author(s): González Echevarría, Roberto

    Published in 1499 and centered on the figure of a bawd and witch, Fernando de Rojas' dark and disturbing Celestina was destined to become the most suppressed classic in Spanish literary history. Routinely ignored in Spanish letters, the book nonetheless echoes through contemporary Spanish and Latin American literature. This is the phenomenon that Celestina's Brood explores.

    Roberto González Echevarría, one of the most eminent and influential critics of Hispanic literature writing today, uses Rojas' text as his starting point to offer an exploration of modernity in the Hispanic literary tradition, and of the Baroque as an expression of the modern. His analysis of Celestina reveals the relentless probing of the limits of language and morality that mark the work as the beginning of literary modernity in Spanish, and the start of a tradition distinguished by a penchant for the excesses of the Baroque. González Echevarría pursues this tradition and its meaning through the works of major figures such as Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca, Alejo Carpentier, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Márquez, Nicolás Guillén, and Severo Sarduy, as well as through the works of lesser-known authors.

    By revealing continuities of the Baroque, Celestina's Brood cuts across conventional distinctions between Spanish and Latin American literary traditions to show their profound and previously unimagined affinity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396239
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Roberto González Echevarría
    1. Roberto González Echevarría
    contrib-author: Roberto González Echevarría
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822396239
    isbn-cloth: 9780822313533
    isbn-paper: 9780822313717
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Continuities of the Baroque in Spanish and Latin American Literature
  • Celibacies
    Author(s): Kahan, Benjamin

    In this innovative study, Benjamin Kahan traces the elusive history of modern celibacy. Arguing that celibacy is a distinct sexuality with its own practices and pleasures, Kahan shows it to be much more than the renunciation of sex or a cover for homosexuality. Celibacies focuses on a diverse group of authors, social activists, and artists, spanning from the suffragettes to Henry James, and from the Harlem Renaissance's Father Divine to Andy Warhol. This array of figures reveals the many varieties of celibacy that have until now escaped scholars of literary modernism and sexuality. Ultimately, this book wrests the discussion of celibacy and sexual restraint away from social and religious conservatism, resituating celibacy within a history of political protest and artistic experimentation. Celibacies offers an entirely new perspective on this little-understood sexual identity and initiates a profound reconsideration of the nature and constitution of sexuality.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377184
    Publication Date: 2013-10-14
    author-list-text: Benjamin Kahan
    1. Benjamin Kahan
    contrib-author: Benjamin Kahan
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377184
    illustrations-note: 3 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355540
    isbn-paper: 9780822355687
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Arguing that celibacy is a distinct sexuality with its own practices and pleasures, Benjamin Kahan shows it to be much more than the renunciation of sex or a cover for homosexuality.

    subtitle: American Modernism and Sexual Life
  • Censorium
    Author(s): Mazzarella, William

    In the world of globalized media, provocative images trigger culture wars between traditionalists and cosmopolitans, between censors and defenders of free expression. But are images censored because of what they mean, what they do, or what they might become? And must audiences be protected because of what they understand, what they feel, or what they might imagine?

    At the intersection of anthropology, media studies, and critical theory, Censorium is a pathbreaking analysis of Indian film censorship. The book encompasses two moments of moral panic: the consolidation of the cinema in the 1910s and 1920s, and the global avalanche of images unleashed by liberalization since the early 1990s. Exploring breaks and continuities in film censorship across colonial and postcolonial moments, William Mazzarella argues that the censors' obsessive focus on the unacceptable content of certain images and the unruly behavior of particular audiences displaces a problem that they constantly confront yet cannot directly acknowledge: the volatile relation between mass affect and collective meaning. Grounded in a close analysis of cinema regulation in the world's largest democracy, Censorium ultimately brings light to the elusive foundations of political and cultural sovereignty in mass-mediated societies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397328
    Publication Date: 2013-02-04
    author-list-text: William Mazzarella
    1. William Mazzarella
    contrib-author: William Mazzarella
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822397328
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353744
    isbn-paper: 9780822353881
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Grounded in a close analysis of cinema regulation in the world's largest democracy, Censorium ultimately illuminates the elusive foundations of political and cultural sovereignty in mass-mediated societies.

    subtitle: Cinema and the Open Edge of Mass Publicity
  • Centering Animals in Latin American History
    Author(s): Few, Martha; Tortorici, Zeb

    Centering Animals in Latin American History writes animals back into the history of colonial and postcolonial Latin America. This collection reveals how interactions between humans and other animals have significantly shaped narratives of Latin American histories and cultures. The contributors work through the methodological implications of centering animals within historical narratives, seeking to include nonhuman animals as social actors in the histories of Mexico, Guatemala, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Chile, Brazil, Peru, and Argentina. The essays discuss topics ranging from canine baptisms, weddings, and funerals in Bourbon Mexico to imported monkeys used in medical experimentation in Puerto Rico. Some contributors examine the role of animals in colonization efforts. Others explore the relationship between animals, medicine, and health. Finally, essays on the postcolonial period focus on the politics of hunting, the commodification of animals and animal parts, the protection of animals and the environment, and political symbolism.

    Contributors. Neel Ahuja, Lauren Derby, Regina Horta Duarte, Martha Few, Erica Fudge, León García Garagarza, Reinaldo Funes Monzote, Heather L. McCrea, John Soluri, Zeb Tortorici, Adam Warren, Neil L. Whitehead

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397595
    Publication Date: 2013-05-08
    contrib-editor: Martha Few; Zeb Tortorici
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822397595
    illustrations-note: 20 photographs, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353836
    isbn-paper: 9780822353973
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A collection of essays examining Latin American cultural history through a focus on animals and their vital but often ignored roles in colonization and nation-building.

  • Central Asia
    Author(s): Allworth, Edward A.

    For centuries, Central Asia has been a leading civilization, an Islamic heartland, and a geographical link between West and East. After a long traditional history, it is now in a state of change. With the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, five newborn Central Asian states have emerged in place of the former Soviet Central Asia and Afghanistan. Central Asia provides the most comprehensive survey of the history of the impact of Russian rule upon the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural life of this diverse region. Together, these essays convey a sense of the region’s community as well as the divisive policies that have affected it for so long.

    Now in its third edition (it was first published in 1967 and revised in 1989), this new edition of Central Asia has been updated to include a new preface, a revised and updated bibliography, and a final chapter that brings the book up to 1994 in considering the crucial problems that stem from a deprivation of sovereign, indigenous leadership over the past 130 years. This volume provides a broad and essential background for understanding what has led up to the late twentieth-century configuration of Central Asia.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396246
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Edward A. Allworth
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822396246
    illustrations-note: 63 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315544
    isbn-paper: 9780822315216
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Central Asia book series
    subtitle: One Hundred Thirty Years of Russian Dominance, A Historical Overview
  • Challenging Social Inequality
    Author(s): Carter, Miguel

    In Challenging Social Inequality, an international and interdisciplinary group of scholars and development workers explores the causes, consequences, and contemporary reactions to Brazil's sharply unequal agrarian structure. They focus on the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST)—Latin America's largest and most prominent social movement—and its ongoing efforts to confront historic patterns of inequality in the Brazilian countryside. Several essays provide essential historical background for understanding the MST. They examine Brazil's agrarian structure, state policies, and the formation of rural civil-society organizations. Other essays build on a frequently made distinction between the struggle for land and the struggle on the land. The first refers to the mobilization undertaken by landless peasants to demand government land redistribution. The struggle on the land takes place after the establishment of an official agricultural settlement. The main efforts during this phase are geared toward developing productive and meaningful rural communities. The last essays in the collection are wide-ranging analyses of the MST, which delve into the movement's relations with recent governments and its impact on other Brazilian social movements. In the conclusion, Miguel Carter appraises the future of agrarian reform in Brazil.

    Contributors. José Batista Gonçalves Afonso, Sonia Maria P..P. Bergamasco, Sue Branford, Elena Calvo-González, Miguel Carter, Horacio Martins de Carvalho, Guilherme Costa Delgado, Bernardo Mançano Fernandes, Leonilde Sérvolo de Medeiros, George Mészáros, Luiz Antonio Norder, Gabriel Ondetti, Ivo Poletto, Marcelo Carvalho Rosa, Lygia Maria Sigaud, Emmanuel Wambergue, Wendy Wolford

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395065
    Publication Date: 2015-04-15
    contrib-editor: Miguel Carter
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395065
    illustrations-note: 33 photos, 57 tables, 11maps, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351726
    isbn-paper: 9780822351863
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    In Challenging Social Inequality, an international and interdisciplinary group of scholars and development workers explores the causes, consequences, and contemporary reactions to Brazil's sharply unequal agrarian structure.

    subtitle: The Landless Rural Worker’s Movement and Agrarian Reform in Brazil
  • Challenging U.S. Apartheid
    Author(s): Grady-Willis, Winston A.

    Challenging U.S. Apartheid is an innovative, richly detailed history of Black struggles for human dignity, equality, and opportunity in Atlanta from the early 1960s through the end of the initial term of Maynard Jackson, the city’s first Black mayor, in 1977. Winston A. Grady-Willis provides a seamless narrative stretching from the student nonviolent direct action movement and the first experiments in urban field organizing through efforts to define and realize the meaning of Black Power to the reemergence of Black women-centered activism. The work of African Americans in Atlanta, Grady-Willis argues, was crucial to the broader development of late-twentieth-century Black freedom struggles.

    Grady-Willis describes Black activism within a framework of human rights rather than in terms of civil rights. As he demonstrates, civil rights were only one part of a larger struggle for self-determination, a fight to dismantle a system of inequalities that he conceptualizes as “apartheid structures.” Drawing on archival research and interviews with activists of the 1960s and 1970s, he illuminates a wide range of activities, organizations, and achievements, including the neighborhood-based efforts of Atlanta’s Black working poor, clandestine associations such as the African American women’s group Sojourner South, and the establishment of autonomous Black intellectual institutions such as the Institute of the Black World. Grady-Willis’s chronicle of the politics within the Black freedom movement in Atlanta brings to light overlapping ideologies, gender and class tensions, and conflicts over divergent policies, strategies, and tactics. It also highlights the work of grassroots activists, who take center stage alongside well-known figures in Challenging U.S. Apartheid. Women, who played central roles in the human rights struggle in Atlanta, are at the foreground of this history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387695
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Winston A. Grady-Willis
    1. Winston A. Grady-Willis
    contrib-author: Winston A. Grady-Willis
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387695
    illustrations-note: 11 photos, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337782
    isbn-paper: 9780822337911
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Atlanta and Black Struggles for Human Rights, 1960–1977
  • Changing Men and Masculinities in Latin America
    Author(s): Gutmann, Matthew C.; Viveros Vigoya, Mara; Fonseca, Claudia Lee Williams; Escobar Latapí, Agustín; Ferrándiz, Francisco

    Ranging from fatherhood to machismo and from public health to housework, Changing Men and Masculinities in Latin America is a collection of pioneering studies of what it means to be a man in Latin America. Matthew C. Gutmann brings together essays by well-known U.S. Latin Americanists and newly translated essays by noted Latin American scholars. Historically grounded and attuned to global political and economic changes, this collection investigates what, if anything, is distinctive about and common to masculinity across Latin America at the same time that it considers the relative benefits and drawbacks of studies focusing on men there. Demonstrating that attention to masculinities does not thwart feminism, the contributors illuminate the changing relationships between men and women and among men of different ethnic groups, sexual orientations, and classes.

    The contributors look at Mexico, Argentina, Ecuador, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Chile, and the United States. They bring to bear a number of disciplines—anthropology, history, literature, public health, and sociology—and a variety of methodologies including ethnography, literary criticism, and statistical analysis. Whether analyzing rape legislation in Argentina, the unique space for candid discussions of masculinity created in an Alcoholics Anonymous group in Mexico, the role of shame in shaping Chicana and Chicano identities and gender relations, or homosexuality in Brazil, Changing Men and Masculinities highlights the complex distinctions between normative conceptions of masculinity in Latin America and the actual experiences and thoughts of particular men and women.

    Contributors. Xavier Andrade, Daniel Balderston, Peter Beattie, Stanley Brandes, Héctor Carrillo, Miguel Díaz Barriga, Agustín Escobar, Francisco Ferrándiz, Claudia Fonseca, Norma Fuller, Matthew C. Gutmann, Donna Guy, Florencia Mallon, José Olavarría, Richard Parker, Mara Viveros

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384540
    Publication Date: 2002-12-30
    author-list-text: Mara Viveros Vigoya, Claudia Lee Williams Fonseca, Agustín Escobar Latapí and Francisco Ferrándiz
    1. Mara Viveros Vigoya,
    2. Claudia Lee Williams Fonseca,
    3. Agustín Escobar Latapí and
    4. Francisco Ferrándiz
    contrib-editor: Matthew C. Gutmann
    contrib-other: Mara Viveros Vigoya; Claudia Lee Williams Fonseca; Agustín Escobar Latapí; Francisco Ferrándiz
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384540
    illustrations-note: 18 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330349
    isbn-paper: 9780822330226
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Essays drawn from a variety of disciplines both review and challenge current understandings of masculinity in Latin America.

  • Changing Sex
    Author(s): Hausman, Bernice L.

    Changing Sex takes a bold new approach to the study of transsexualism in the twentieth century. By addressing the significance of medical technology to the phenomenon of transsexualism, Bernice L. Hausman transforms current conceptions of transsexuality as a disorder of gender identity by showing how developments in medical knowledge and technology make possible the emergence of new subjectivities.

    Hausman’s inquiry into the development of endocrinology and plastic surgery shows how advances in medical knowledge were central to the establishment of the material and discursive conditions necessary to produce the demand for sex change—that is, to both "make" and "think" the transsexual. She also retraces the hidden history of the concept of gender, demonstrating that the semantic distinction between "natural" sex and "social" gender has its roots in the development of medical treatment practices for intersexuality—the condition of having physical characteristics of both sexes— in the 1950s. Her research reveals the medical institution’s desire to make heterosexual subjects out of intersexuals and indicates how gender operates semiotically to maintain heterosexuality as the norm of the human body. In critically examining medical discourses, popularizations of medical theories, and transsexual autobiographies, Hausman details the elaboration of "gender narratives" that not only support the emergence of transsexualism, but also regulate the lives of all contemporary Western subjects. Changing Sex will change the ways we think about the relation between sex and gender, the body and sexual identity, and medical technology and the idea of the human.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396277
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Bernice L. Hausman
    1. Bernice L. Hausman
    contrib-author: Bernice L. Hausman
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822396277
    illustrations-note: 17 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316800
    isbn-paper: 9780822316923
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Transsexualism, Technology, and the Idea of Gender
  • Che on My Mind
    Author(s): Randall, Margaret

    Che on My Mind is an impressionistic look at the life, death, and legacy of Che Guevara by the renowned feminist poet and activist Margaret Randall. Recalling an era and this figure, she writes, "I am old enough to remember the world in which [Che] lived. I was part of that world, and it remains a part of me." Randall participated in the Mexican student movement of 1968 and eventually was forced to leave the country. She arrived in Cuba in 1969, less than two years after Che's death, and lived there until 1980. She became friends with several of Che's family members, friends, and compatriots. In Che on My Mind she reflects on his relationships with his family and fellow insurgents, including Fidel Castro. She is deeply admiring of Che's integrity and charisma and frank about what she sees as his strategic errors. Randall concludes by reflecting on the inspiration and lessons that Che's struggles might offer early twenty-first-century social justice activists and freedom fighters.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377085
    Publication Date: 2013-09-03
    author-list-text: Margaret Randall
    1. Margaret Randall
    contrib-author: Margaret Randall
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377085
    illustrations-note: 16 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822355786
    isbn-paper: 9780822355922
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    An impressionistic look at the life, death, and legacy of Che Guevera by the renowned feminist poet and activist Margaret Randall.

  • Cherishing Men from Afar
    Author(s): Hevia, James L.

    In the late eighteenth century two expansive Eurasian empires met formally for the first time—the Manchu or Qing dynasty of China and the maritime empire of Great Britain. The occasion was the mission of Lord Macartney, sent by the British crown and sponsored by the East India Company, to the court of the Qianlong emperor. Cherishing Men from Afar looks at the initial confrontation between these two empires from a historical perspective informed by the insights of contemporary postcolonial criticism and cultural studies.

    The history of this encounter, like that of most colonial and imperial encounters, has traditionally been told from the Europeans’ point of view. In this book, James L. Hevia consults Chinese sources—many previously untranslated—for a broader sense of what Qing court officials understood; and considers these documents in light of a sophisticated anthropological understanding of Qing ritual processes and expectations. He also reexamines the more familiar British accounts in the context of recent critiques of orientalism and work on the development of the bourgeois subject. Hevia’s reading of these sources reveals the logics of two discrete imperial formations, not so much impaired by the cultural misunderstandings that have historically been attributed to their meeting, but animated by differing ideas about constructing relations of sovereignty and power. His examination of Chinese and English-language scholarly treatments of this event, both historical and contemporary, sheds new light on the place of the Macartney mission in the dynamics of colonial and imperial encounters.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396284
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: James L. Hevia
    1. James L. Hevia
    contrib-author: James L. Hevia
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822396284
    illustrations-note: 6 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316251
    isbn-paper: 9780822316374
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Qing Guest Ritual and the Macartney Embassy of 1793
  • Cherry Grove, Fire Island
    Author(s): Newton, Esther

    First published in 1993, the award-winning Cherry Grove, Fire Island tells the story of the extraordinary gay and lesbian resort community near New York City. This new paperback edition includes a new preface by the author.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377214
    Publication Date: 2014-11-12
    author-list-text: Esther Newton
    1. Esther Newton
    contrib-author: Esther Newton
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822377214
    illustrations-note: 21 illustrations
    isbn-paper: 9780822355533
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Esther Newton tells the story of Cherry Grove, the popular gay and lesbian resort community off of Long Island.  Newton discusses the importance of camp, gay theater and the intersections of race, gender, class and sexuality in America's first gay and lesbian town.

    subtitle: Sixty Years in America’s First Gay and Lesbian Town
  • Che’s Travels
    Author(s): Drinot, Paulo; Elena, Eduardo; Schell, Patience A.; Deas, Malcolm; Ewell, Judith; Zulawski, Ann

    Ernesto “Che” Guevara twice traveled across Latin America in the early 1950s. Based on his accounts of those trips (published in English as The Motorcycle Diaries and Back on the Road), as well as other historical sources, Che’s Travels follows Guevara, country by country, from his native Argentina through Chile, Peru, Colombia, and Venezuela, and then from Argentina through Bolivia, Peru, Guatemala, and Mexico. Each essay is focused on a single country and written by an expert in its history. Taken together, the essays shed new light on Che’s formative years by analyzing the distinctive societies, histories, politics, and cultures he encountered on these two trips, the ways they affected him, and the ways he represented them in his travelogues. In addition to offering new insights into Guevara, the essays provide a fresh perspective on Latin America’s experience of the Cold War and the interplay of nationalism and anti-imperialism in the crucial but relatively understudied 1950s. Assessing Che’s legacies in the countries he visited during the two journeys, the contributors examine how he is remembered or memorialized; how he is invoked for political, cultural, and religious purposes; and how perceptions of him affect ideas about the revolutions and counterrevolutions fought in Latin America from the 1960s through the 1980s.


    Malcolm Deas

    Paulo Drinot

    Eduardo Elena

    Judith Ewell

    Cindy Forster

    Patience A. Schell

    Eric Zolov

    Ann Zulawski

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391807
    Publication Date: 2010-08-11
    author-list-text: Paulo Drinot, Eduardo Elena, Patience A. Schell, Malcolm Deas, Judith Ewell and Ann Zulawski
    1. Paulo Drinot,
    2. Eduardo Elena,
    3. Patience A. Schell,
    4. Malcolm Deas,
    5. Judith Ewell and
    6. Ann Zulawski
    contrib-author: Paulo Drinot
    contrib-other: Eduardo Elena; Patience A. Schell; Malcolm Deas; Judith Ewell; Ann Zulawski
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391807
    illustrations-note: 4 photos, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347484
    isbn-paper: 9780822347675
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Country by country, historians follow the routes taken by Che Guevara on his two trips across Latin America in the early 1950s.

    subtitle: The Making of a Revolutionary in 1950s Latin America
  • Chicana Art
    Author(s): Pérez, Laura E.

    In Alma Lopez’s digital print Lupe & Sirena in Love (1999), two icons—the Virgin of Guadalupe and the mermaid Sirena, who often appears on Mexican lottery cards—embrace one another, symbolically claiming a place for same-sex desire within Mexican and Chicano/a religious and popular cultures. Ester Hernandez’s 1976 etching Libertad/Liberty depicts a female artist chiseling away at the Statue of Liberty, freeing from within it a regal Mayan woman and, in the process, creating a culturally composite Lady Liberty descended from indigenous and mixed bloodlines. In her painting Coyolxauhqui Last Seen in East Oakland (1993), Irene Perez reimagines as whole the body of the Aztec warrior goddess dismembered in myth. These pieces are part of the dynamic body of work presented in this pioneering, lavishly illustrated study, the first book primarily focused on Chicana visual arts.

    Creating an invaluable archive, Laura E. Pérez examines the work of more than forty Chicana artists across a variety of media including painting, printmaking, sculpture, performance, photography, film and video, comics, sound recording, interactive CD-ROM, altars and other installation forms, and fiction, poetry, and plays. While key works from the 1960s and 1970s are discussed, most of the pieces considered were produced between 1985 and 2001. Providing a rich interpretive framework, Pérez describes how Chicana artists invoke a culturally hybrid spirituality to challenge racism, bigotry, patriarchy, and homophobia. They make use of, and often radically rework, pre-Columbian Mesoamerican and other non-Western notions of art and art-making, and they struggle to create liberating versions of familiar iconography such as the Virgin of Guadalupe and the Sacred Heart. Filled with representations of spirituality and allusions to non-Western visual and cultural traditions, the work of these Chicana artists is a vital contribution to a more inclusive canon of American arts.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389880
    Publication Date: 2007-06-01
    author-list-text: Laura E. Pérez
    1. Laura E. Pérez
    contrib-author: Laura E. Pérez
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389880
    illustrations-note: 90 illustrations ( incl. 73 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338529
    isbn-paper: 9780822338680
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Objects/Histories

    The first full-length survey of contemporary Chicana artists

    subtitle: The Politics of Spiritual and Aesthetic Altarities
  • Chicana Feminisms
    Author(s): Zavella, Patricia; Arredondo, Gabriela F.; Hurtado, Aida; Klahn, Norma; Najera-Ramirez, Olga; Fish, Stanley

    Chicana Feminisms presents new essays on Chicana feminist thought by scholars, creative writers, and artists. This volume moves the field of Chicana feminist theory forward by examining feminist creative expression, the politics of representation, and the realities of Chicana life. Drawing on anthropology, folklore, history, literature, and psychology, the distinguished contributors combine scholarly analysis, personal observations, interviews, letters, visual art, and poetry. The collection is structured as a series of dynamic dialogues: each of the main pieces is followed by an essay responding to or elaborating on its claims. The broad range of perspectives included here highlights the diversity of Chicana experience, particularly the ways it is made more complex by differences in class, age, sexual orientation, language, and region. Together the essayists enact the contentious, passionate conversations that define Chicana feminisms.

    The contributors contemplate a number of facets of Chicana experience: life on the Mexico-U.S. border, bilingualism, the problems posed by a culture of repressive sexuality, the ranchera song, and domesticana artistic production. They also look at Chicana feminism in the 1960s and 1970s, the history of Chicanas in the larger Chicano movement, autobiographical writing, and the interplay between gender and ethnicity in the movie Lone Star. Some of the essays are expansive; others—such as Norma Cantú’s discussion of the writing of her fictionalized memoir Canícula—are intimate. All are committed to the transformative powers of critical inquiry and feminist theory.

    Contributors. Norma Alarcón, Gabriela F. Arredondo, Ruth Behar, Maylei Blackwell, Norma E. Cantú, Sergio de la Mora, Ann duCille, Michelle Fine, Rosa Linda Fregoso, Rebecca M. Gámez, Jennifer González, Ellie Hernández, Aída Hurtado, Claire Joysmith, Norma Klahn, Amalia Mesa-Bains, Olga Nájera-Ramírez, Anna Nieto Gomez, Renato Rosaldo, Elba Rosario Sánchez, Marcia Stephenson, Jose Manuel Valenzuela, Patricia Zavella

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384359
    Publication Date: 2003-06-18
    author-list-text: Stanley Fish
    1. Stanley Fish
    contrib-editor: Patricia Zavella; Gabriela F. Arredondo; Aida Hurtado; Norma Klahn; Olga Najera-Ramirez
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384359
    illustrations-note: 16 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331056
    isbn-paper: 9780822331414
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions

    An anthology of original essays from Chicana feminists which explores the complexities of life experiences of the Chicanas, such as class, generation, sexual orientation, age, language use, etc.

    subtitle: A Critical Reader
  • Chicana Sexuality and Gender
    Author(s): Blake, Debra J.; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia

    Since the 1980s Chicana writers including Gloria Anzaldúa, Cherríe Moraga, Sandra Cisneros, Ana Castillo, and Alma Luz Villanueva have reworked iconic Mexican cultural symbols such as mother earth goddesses and La Llorona (the Wailing Woman of Mexican folklore), re-imagining them as powerful female figures. After reading the works of Chicana writers who created bold, powerful, and openly sexual female characters, Debra J. Blake wondered how everyday Mexican American women would characterize their own lives in relation to the writers’ radical reconfigurations of female sexuality and gender roles. To find out, Blake gathered oral histories from working-class and semiprofessional U.S. Mexicanas. In Chicana Sexuality and Gender, she compares the self-representations of these women with fictional and artistic representations by academic-affiliated, professional intellectual Chicana writers and visual artists, including Alma M. López and Yolanda López.

    Blake looks at how the Chicana professional intellectuals and the U.S. Mexicana women refigure confining and demeaning constructions of female gender roles and racial, ethnic, and sexual identities. She organizes her analysis around re-imaginings of La Virgen de Guadalupe, La Llorona, indigenous Mexica goddesses, and La Malinche, the indigenous interpreter for Hernán Cortés during the Spanish conquest. In doing so, Blake reveals how the professional intellectuals and the working-class and semiprofessional women rework or invoke the female icons to confront the repression of female sexuality, limiting gender roles, inequality in male and female relationships, and violence against women. While the representational strategies of the two groups of women are significantly different and the U.S. Mexicanas would not necessarily call themselves feminists, Blake nonetheless illuminates a continuum of Chicana feminist thinking, showing how both groups of women expand lifestyle choices and promote the health and well-being of women of Mexican origin or descent.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381228
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Debra J. Blake, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    1. Debra J. Blake,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Debra J. Blake
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822381228
    illustrations-note: 15 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342946
    isbn-paper: 9780822343103
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise

    A study of working class and elite intellectual Mexican and Mexican American women that focuses on their sexuality and identity, particularly their identification with four primary Mexican female cultural symbols: La Malinche, Aztec goddesses, the Virgin

    subtitle: Cultural Refiguring in Literature, Oral History, and Art
  • Chick Flicks
    Author(s): Rich, B. Ruby

    If there was a moment during the sixties, seventies, or eighties that changed the history of the women’s film movement, B. Ruby Rich was there. Part journalistic chronicle, part memoir, and 100% pure cultural historical odyssey, Chick Flicks—with its definitive, the-way-it-was collection of essays—captures the birth and growth of feminist film as no other book has done.

    For over three decades Rich has been one of the most important voices in feminist film criticism. Her presence at film festivals (such as Sundance, where she is a member of the selection committee), her film reviews in the Village Voice, Elle, Out, and the Advocate, and her commentaries on the public radio program “The World” have secured her a place as a central figure in the remarkable history of what she deems “cinefeminism.” In the hope that a new generation of feminist film culture might be revitalized by reclaiming its own history, Rich introduces each essay with an autobiographical prologue that describes the intellectual, political, and personal moments from which the work arose. Travel, softball, sex, and voodoo all somehow fit into a book that includes classic Rich articles covering such topics as the antiporn movement, the films of Yvonne Rainer, a Julie Christie visit to Washington, and the historically evocative film Maedchen in Uniform. The result is a volume that traces the development not only of women’s involvement in cinema but of one of its key players as well.

    The first book-length work from Rich—whose stature and influence in the world of film criticism and theory continue to grow—Chick Flicks exposes unexplored routes and forgotten byways of a past that’s recent enough to be remembered and far away enough to be memorable.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377580
    Publication Date: 2012-10-01
    author-list-text: B. Ruby Rich
    1. B. Ruby Rich
    contrib-author: B. Ruby Rich
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822377580
    illustrations-note: 22 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321064
    isbn-paper: 9780822321217
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Theories and Memories of the Feminist Film Movement
  • Child of the Fire
    Author(s): Buick, Kirsten

    Child of the Fire is the first book-length examination of the career of the nineteenth-century artist Mary Edmonia Lewis, best known for her sculptures inspired by historical and biblical themes. Throughout this richly illustrated study, Kirsten Pai Buick investigates how Lewis and her work were perceived, and their meanings manipulated, by others and the sculptor herself. She argues against the racialist art discourse that has long cast Lewis’s sculptures as reflections of her identity as an African American and Native American woman who lived most of her life abroad. Instead, by seeking to reveal Lewis’s intentions through analyses of her career and artwork, Buick illuminates Lewis’s fraught but active participation in the creation of a distinct “American” national art, one dominated by themes of indigeneity, sentimentality, gender, and race. In so doing, she shows that the sculptor variously complicated and facilitated the dominant ideologies of the vanishing American (the notion that Native Americans were a dying race), sentimentality, and true womanhood.

    Buick considers the institutions and people that supported Lewis’s career—including Oberlin College, abolitionists in Boston, and American expatriates in Italy—and she explores how their agendas affected the way they perceived and described the artist. Analyzing four of Lewis’s most popular sculptures, each created between 1866 and 1876, Buick discusses interpretations of Hiawatha in terms of the cultural impact of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s epic poem The Song of Hiawatha; Forever Free and Hagar in the Wilderness in light of art historians’ assumptions that artworks created by African American artists necessarily reflect African American themes; and The Death of Cleopatra in relation to broader problems of reading art as a reflection of identity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391999
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Kirsten Buick
    1. Kirsten Buick
    contrib-author: Kirsten Buick
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391999
    illustrations-note: 51 illustrations, incl. 18 in color
    isbn-cloth: 9780822342472
    isbn-paper: 9780822342663
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    An argument against reductive accounts of the nineteenth-century sculptor Mary Edmonia Lewis s work as the product of her identity as an African American and Native American woman.

    subtitle: Mary Edmonia Lewis and the Problem of Art History’s Black and Indian Subject
  • Childhood in the Promised Land
    Author(s): Downs, Laura Lee

    Childhood in the Promised Land is the first history of France's colonies de vacances, a vast network of summer camps created for working-class children. The colonies originated as a late-nineteenth-century charitable institution, providing rural retreats intended to restore the fragile health of poor urban children. Participation grew steadily throughout the first half of the twentieth century, "trickling up" by the late 1940s to embrace middle-class youth as well.

    At the heart of the study lie the municipal colonies de vacances, organized by the working-class cities of the Paris red belt. Located in remote villages or along the more inexpensive stretches of the Atlantic coast, the municipal colonies gathered their young clientele into variously structured "child villages," within which they were to live out particular, ideal visions of the collective life of children throughout the long summer holiday. Focusing on the creation of and participation in these summer camps, Laura Lee Downs presents surprising insights into the location and significance of childhood in French working-class cities and, ultimately, within the development of modern France.

    Drawing on a rich array of historical sources, including dossiers and records of municipal colonies discovered in remote town halls of the Paris suburbs, newspaper accounts, and interviews with adults who participated in the colonies as children, Downs reveals how diverse groups—including local Socialist and Communist leaders and Catholic seminarians—seized the opportunity to shape the minds and bodies of working-class youth. Childhood in the Promised Land shows how, in creating the summer camps, these various groups combined pedagogical theories, religious convictions, political ideologies, and theories about the relationship between the countryside and children's physical and cognitive development. At the same time, the book sheds light on classic questions of social control, highlighting the active role of the children in shaping their experiences.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383963
    Publication Date: 2002-11-08
    author-list-text: Laura Lee Downs
    1. Laura Lee Downs
    contrib-author: Laura Lee Downs
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383963
    illustrations-note: 38 b&w photos, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329282
    isbn-paper: 9780822329442
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A study of childhood in French communist, republican, socialist and Catholic vacation camps, analyzing the influence of politicized camp experience on children’s development as citizens and moral agents.

    subtitle: Working-Class Movements and the Colonies de Vacances in France, 1880–1960
  • Children of Ezekiel
    Author(s): Lieb, Michael

    Are Milton’s Paradise Lost, Ronald Reagan’s “Star Wars” missile defense program, our culture’s fascination with UFOs and alien abductions, and Louis Farrakhan’s views on racial Armageddon somehow linked? In Children of Ezekiel Michael Lieb reveals the connections between these phenomena and the way culture has persistently related the divine to the technological. In a work of special interest at the approach of the millennium, Lieb traces these and other diverse cultural moments—all descended from the prophet Ezekiel’s vision of a fiery divine chariot in the sky—from antiquity to the present, across high and low culture, to reveal the pervasive impact of this visionary experience on the modern world.

    Beginning with the merkabah chariot literature of Hebrew and Gnostic mysticism, Lieb shows how religiously inspired people concerned with annihilating their heretical enemies seized on Ezekiel’s vision as revealing the technologically superior instrument of God’s righteous anger. He describes how many who seek to know the unknowable that is the power of God conceive it in technological terms—and how that power is associated with political aims and a heralding of the end of time. For Milton, Ezekiel’s chariot becomes the vehicle in which the Son of God does battle with the rebellious angels. In the modern age, it may take the form of a locomotive, tank, airplane, missile, or UFO. Technology itself is seen as a divine gift and an embodiment of God in the temporal world. As Lieb demonstrates, the impetus to produce modern technology arises not merely from the desire for profit or military might but also from religious-spiritual motives.

    Including discussions of conservative evangelical Christian movements, Reagan’s ballistic shooting gallery in the sky, and the Nation of Islam’s vision of the “mother plane” as the vehicle of retribution in the war against racial oppression, Children of Ezekiel will enthrall readers who have been captivated, either through religious belief or intellectual interests, by a common thread uniting millennial religious beliefs, racial conflict, and political and militaristic aspirations.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396291
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Michael Lieb
    1. Michael Lieb
    contrib-author: Michael Lieb
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822396291
    illustrations-note: 16 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321378
    isbn-paper: 9780822322689
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Aliens, UFOs, the Crisis of Race, and the Advent of End Time
  • Children of Facundo
    Author(s): de la Fuente, Ariel

    In Children of Facundo Ariel de la Fuente examines postindependence Argentinian instability and political struggle from the perspective of the rural lower classes. As the first comprehensive regional study to explore nineteenth-century society, culture, and politics in the Argentine interior—where more than 50 percent of the population lived at the time—the book departs from the predominant Buenos Aires-centered historiography to analyze this crucial period in the processes of state- and nation-building.

    La Rioja, a province in the northwest section of the country, was the land of the caudillos immortalized by Domingo F. Sarmiento, particularly in his foundational and controversial book Facundo. De la Fuente focuses on the repeated rebellions in this district during the 1860s, when Federalist caudillos and their followers, the gauchos, rose up against the new Unitarian government. In this social and cultural analysis, de la Fuente argues that the conflict was not a factional struggle between two ideologically identical sectors of the elite, as commonly depicted. Instead, he believes, the struggle should be seen from the perspective of the lower-class gauchos, for whom Unitarianism and Federalism were highly differentiated party identities that represented different experiences during the nineteenth century. To reconstruct this rural political culture de la Fuente relies on sources that heretofore have been little used in the study of nineteenth-century Latin American politics, most notably a rich folklore collection of popular political songs, folktales, testimonies, and superstitions passed down by old gauchos who had been witnesses or protagonists of the rebellions. Criminal trial records, private diaries, and land censuses add to the originality of de la Fuente’s study, while also providing a new perspective on Sarmiento’s works, including the classic Facundo.

    This book will interest those specializing in Latin American history, literature, politics, and rural issues.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380191
    Publication Date: 2000-10-25
    author-list-text: Ariel de la Fuente
    1. Ariel de la Fuente
    contrib-author: Ariel de la Fuente
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380191
    illustrations-note: 2 photographs, 17 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325826
    isbn-paper: 9780822325963
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Combines peasant studies and cultural history to revise the received wisdom on nineteenth-century Argentinian politics and aspects of the Argentinian state-formation process.

    subtitle: Caudillo and Gaucho Insurgency during the Argentine State-Formation Process (La Rioja, 1853-1870)
  • Children of Fate
    Author(s): Milanich, Nara B.; Milanich, Nara B.

    In modern Latin America, profound social inequalities have persisted despite the promise of equality. Nara B. Milanich argues that social and legal practices surrounding family and kinship have helped produce and sustain these inequalities. Tracing families both elite and plebeian in late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century Chile, she focuses on a group largely invisible in Latin American historiography: children. The concept of family constituted a crucial dimension of an individual’s identity and status, but also denoted a privileged set of gendered and generational dependencies that not all people could claim. Children of Fate explores such themes as paternity, illegitimacy, kinship, and child circulation over the course of eighty years of Chile’s modern history to illuminate the ways family practices and ideologies powerfully shaped the lives of individuals as well as broader social structures.

    Milanich pays particular attention to family law, arguing that liberal legal reforms wrought in the 1850s, which left the paternity of illegitimate children purposely unrecorded, reinforced not only patriarchal power but also hierarchies of class. Through vivid stories culled from judicial and notarial sources and from a cache of documents found in the closet of a Santiago orphanage, she reveals how law and bureaucracy helped create an anonymous underclass bereft of kin entitlements, dependent on the charity of others, and marginalized from public bureaucracies. Milanich also challenges the recent scholarly emphasis on state formation by highlighting the enduring importance of private, informal, and extralegal relations of power within and across households. Children of Fate demonstrates how the study of children can illuminate the social organization of gender and class, liberalism, law, and state power in modern Latin America.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391296
    Publication Date: 2010-07-01
    author-list-text: Nara B. Milanich and Nara B. Milanich
    1. Nara B. Milanich and
    2. Nara B. Milanich
    contrib-author: Nara B. Milanich; Nara B. Milanich
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391296
    illustrations-note: 16 illustrations, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345572
    isbn-paper: 9780822345749
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    Examines the family in late-nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Chile to show how class order and state formation were tied to particular child-rearing conditions and practices.

    subtitle: Childhood, Class, and the State in Chile, 1850–1930
  • Children of the Atomic Bomb
    Author(s): Yamazaki, James N.; Fleming, Louis B.

    Despite familiar images of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan and the controversy over its fiftieth anniversary, the human impact of those horrific events often seems lost to view. In this uncommon memoir, Dr. James N. Yamazaki tells us in personal and moving terms of the human toll of nuclear warfare and the specific vulnerability of children to the effects of these weapons. Giving voice to the brutal ironies of racial and cultural conflict, of war and sacrifice, his story creates an inspiring and humbling portrait of events whose lessons remain difficult and troubling fifty years later.

    Children of the Atomic Bomb is Dr. Yamazaki’s account of a lifelong effort to understand and document the impact of nuclear explosions on children, particularly the children conceived but not yet born at the time of the explosions. Assigned in 1949 as Physician-in-Charge of the United States Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission in Nagasaki, Yamazaki had served as a combat surgeon at the Battle of the Bulge where he had been captured and held as a prisoner of war by the Germans. In Japan he was confronted with violence of another dimension—the devastating impact of a nuclear blast and the particularly insidious effects of radiation on children.

    Yamazaki’s story is also one of striking juxtapositions, an account of a Japanese-American’s encounter with racism, the story of a man who fought for his country while his parents were interned in a concentration camp in Arkansas. Once the object of discrimination at home, Yamazaki paradoxically found himself in Japan for the first time as an American, part of the Allied occupation forces, and again an outsider. This experience resonates through his work with the children of Nagasaki and Hiroshima and with the Marshallese people who bore the brunt of America’s postwar testing of nuclear weapons in the Pacific.

    Recalling a career that has spanned five decades, Dr. Yamazaki chronicles the discoveries that helped chart the dangers of nuclear radiation and presents powerful observations of both the medical and social effects of the bomb. He offers an indelible picture of human tragedy, a tale of unimaginable suffering, and a dedication to healing that is ultimately an unwavering, impassioned plea for peace.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396307
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: James N. Yamazaki and Louis B. Fleming
    1. James N. Yamazaki and
    2. Louis B. Fleming
    contrib-author: James N. Yamazaki; Louis B. Fleming
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822396307
    illustrations-note: 5 photographs, 9 illustrations, 4 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316589
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific, culture, politics, and society
    subtitle: An American Physician’s Memoir of Nagasaki, Hiroshima, and the Marshall Islands
  • China Urban
    Author(s): Chen, Nancy N.; Clark, Constance D.; Gottschang, Suzanne Z.; Jeffery, Lyn; Hoffman, Lisa

    China Urban is an ethnographic account of China’s cities and the place that urban space holds in China’s imagination. In addition to investigating this nation’s rapidly changing urban landscape, its contributors emphasize the need to rethink the very meaning of the “urban” and the utility of urban-focused anthropological critiques during a period of unprecedented change on local, regional, national, and global levels.

    Through close attention to everyday lives and narratives and with a particular focus on gender, market, and spatial practices, this collection stresses that, in the case of China, rural life and the impact of socialism must be considered in order to fully comprehend the urban. Individual essays note the impact of legal barriers to geographic mobility in China, the proliferation of different urban centers, the different distribution of resources among various regions, and the pervasive appeal of the urban, both in terms of living in cities and in acquiring products and conventions signaling urbanity. Others focus on the direct sales industry, the Chinese rock music market, the discursive production of femininity and motherhood in urban hospitals, and the transformations in access to healthcare.

    China Urban will interest anthropologists, sociologists, political scientists, and those studying urban planning, China, East Asia, and globalization.

    Contributors. Tad Ballew, Susan Brownell, Nancy N. Chen, Constance D. Clark, Robert Efird, Suzanne Z. Gottschang, Ellen Hertz, Lisa Hoffman, Sandra Hyde, Lyn Jeffery, Lida Junghans, Louisa Schein, Li Zhang

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381334
    Publication Date: 2001-02-28
    author-list-text: Lisa Hoffman
    1. Lisa Hoffman
    contrib-editor: Nancy N. Chen; Constance D. Clark; Suzanne Z. Gottschang; Lyn Jeffery
    contrib-other: Lisa Hoffman
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822381334
    illustrations-note: 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326342
    isbn-paper: 9780822326403
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Ethnographies of urban China informed by current theoretical concerns.

    subtitle: Ethnographies of Contemporary Culture
  • China's New Cultural Scene
    Author(s): Huot, Claire

    The Cultural Revolution of China’s Maoist era has come and gone, yet another cultural revolution of a different sort has been sweeping through China in the 1990s. Although recently much interest has been focused on China’s economy, few Westerners are aware of the remarkable transformations occurring in the culture of ordinary people’s daily lives. In China’s New Cultural Scene Claire Huot surveys the wide spectrum of art produced by Chinese musicians, painters, writers, performers, and filmmakers today, portraying an ongoing cultural revolution that has significantly altered life in the People’s Republic.

    Western observers who were impressed by the bravery of the demonstrators in Tiananmen Square—and stunned at the harshness of their suppression—will learn from this book how that political movement led to changes in cultural conditions and production. Attending to all the major elements of this vast nation’s high and low culture at the end of a landmark decade, Huot’s discussion ranges from the cinematic works of Zhang Yimou, Chen Kaige, and others to emerging musical forms such as rock, punk, and rap. Other topics include television, theater, and avant-garde art, the new electronic media, and subversive trends in both literature and the visual arts.

    With a comprehensive index of artists and works, as well as a glossary of Chinese words, China’s New Cultural Scene will enlighten students of Chinese culture and general readers interested in contemporary Asia.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396314
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Claire Huot
    1. Claire Huot
    contrib-author: Claire Huot
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822396314
    illustrations-note: 23 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324096
    isbn-paper: 9780822324454
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: A Handbook of Changes
  • China’s Avant-Garde Fiction
    Author(s): Wang, Jing; Goldblatt, Howard; Chou, Eva Shan; Duke, Michael S.; Spade, Beatrice

    Filled with mirages, hallucinations, myths, mental puzzles, and the fantastic, the contemporary experimental fiction of the Chinese avant-garde represents a genre of storytelling unlike any other. Whether engaging the worn spectacle of history, expressing seemingly unmotivated violence, or reinventing outlandish Tibetan myths, these stories are defined by their devotion to theatrics and their willful apathy toward everything held sacred by the generation that witnessed the Cultural Revolution.

    Jing Wang has selected provocative examples of this new school of writing, which gained prominence in the late 1980s. Contradicting many long-cherished beliefs about Chinese writers—including the alleged tradition of writing as a political act against authoritarianism—these stories make a dramatic break from conventions of modern Chinese literature by demonstrating an irreverence toward history and culture and by celebrating the artificiality of storytelling. Enriched by the work of a distinguished group of translators, this collection presents an aesthetic experience that may have outraged many revolutionary-minded readers in China, but one that also occupies an important place in the canon of Chinese literature. China’s Avant-Garde Fiction brings together a group of exceptional writers (including Raise the Red Lantern author Su Tong) to the attention of an English-speaking audience.

    This book will be enjoyed by those interested in Chinese literature, culture, and society—particularly readers of contemporary fiction.

    Contributors. Bei Cun, Can Xue, Gei Fei, Ma Yuan, Su Tong, Sun Ganlu, Yu Hua

    Translators. Eva Shan Chou, Michael S. Duke, Howard Goldblatt, Ronald R. Janssen, Andrew F. Jones, Denis C. Mair, Victor H. Mair, Caroline Mason, Beatrice Spade, Kristina M. Torgeson, Jian Zhang, Zhu Hong

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382133
    Publication Date: 1998-03-06
    author-list-text: Howard Goldblatt, Eva Shan Chou, Michael S. Duke and Beatrice Spade
    1. Howard Goldblatt,
    2. Eva Shan Chou,
    3. Michael S. Duke and
    4. Beatrice Spade
    contrib-editor: Jing Wang
    contrib-translator: Howard Goldblatt; Eva Shan Chou; Michael S. Duke; Beatrice Spade
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822382133
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321002
    isbn-paper: 9780822321163
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    An anthology of translated short stories from Chinese writers of the 1980s. Authors considered “avant-garde” because work reflects the seriousness of revolutionary concerns, the disinterest in the progress of the Chinese nation and celebra

    subtitle: An Anthology
  • Chinese Circulations
    Author(s): Tagliacozzo, Eric; Chang, Wen-chin; Gungwu, Wang; Reid, Anthony

    Chinese merchants have traded with Southeast Asia for centuries, sojourning and sometimes settling, during their voyages. These ventures have taken place by land and by sea, over mountains and across deserts, linking China with vast stretches of Southeast Asia in a broad, mercantile embrace. Chinese Circulations provides an unprecedented overview of this trade, its scope, diversity, and complexity. This collection of twenty groundbreaking essays foregrounds the commodities that have linked China and Southeast Asia over the centuries, including fish, jade, metal, textiles, cotton, rice, opium, timber, books, and edible birds’ nests. Human labor, the Bible, and the coins used in regional trade are among the more unexpected commodities considered. In addition to focusing on a certain time period or geographic area, each of the essays explores a particular commodity or class of commodities, following its trajectory from production, through exchange and distribution, to consumption. The first four pieces put Chinese mercantile trade with Southeast Asia in broad historical perspective; the other essays appear in chronologically ordered sections covering the precolonial period to the present. Incorporating research conducted in Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese, Thai, Burmese, Malay, Indonesian, and several Western languages, Chinese Circulations is a major contribution not only to Sino-Southeast Asian studies but also to the analysis of globalization past and present.

    Contributors. Leonard Blussé, Wen-Chin Chang, Lucille Chia, Bien Chiang, Nola Cooke, Jean DeBernardi, C. Patterson Giersch, Takeshi Hamashita, Kwee Hui Kian, Li Tana, Lin Man-houng, Masuda Erika, Adam McKeown, Anthony Reid , Sun Laichen, Heather Sutherland, Eric Tagliacozzo, Carl A. Trocki, Wang Gungwu, Kevin Woods, Wu Xiao

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393573
    Publication Date: 2011-03-23
    author-list-text: Wang Gungwu and Anthony Reid
    1. Wang Gungwu and
    2. Anthony Reid
    contrib-editor: Eric Tagliacozzo; Wen-chin Chang
    contrib-other: Wang Gungwu; Anthony Reid
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393573
    illustrations-note: 22 photos, 25 tables, 15 maps, 5 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348818
    isbn-paper: 9780822349037
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    This collection of twenty essays provides an unprecedented overview of Chinese trade through the centuries, highlighting its scope, diversity, complexity, and the commodities that have linked it with Southeast Asia.

    subtitle: Capital, Commodities, and Networks in Southeast Asia
  • Chinese Medicine in Contemporary China
    Author(s): Scheid, Volker; Smith, Barbara Herrnstein; Weintraub, E. Roy

    As a traditional healing art that has established a contemporary global presence, Chinese medicine defies categories and raises many interesting questions. If Chinese medicine is "traditional," why has it not disappeared with the rest of traditional Chinese society? If, as some claim, it is a science, what does that imply about what we call science? What is the secret of Chinese medicine's remarkable adaptability that has allowed it to prosper for more than 2,000 years? In Chinese Medicine in Contemporary China Volker Scheid presents an ethnography of Chinese medicine that seeks to answer these questions, but his ethnography is informed by some atypical approaches.

    Scheid, a medical anthropologist and practitioner of Chinese medicine in practice since 1983, has produced an ethnography that accepts plurality as an intrinsic and nonreducible aspect of medical practice. It has been widely noted that a patient visiting ten different practitioners of Chinese medicine may receive ten different prescriptions for the same complaint, yet many of these various treatments may be effective. In attempting to illuminate the plurality in Chinese medical practice, Scheid redefines-and in some cases abandons-traditional anthropological concepts such as tradition, culture, and practice in favor of approaches from disciplines such as science and technology studies, social psychology, and Chinese philosophy. As a result, his book sheds light not only on Chinese medicine but also on the Western academic traditions used to examine it and presents us with new perspectives from which to deliberate the future of Chinese medicine in a global context.

    Chinese Medicine in Contemporary China is the product of two decades of research including numerous interviews and case studies. It will appeal to a western academic audience as well as practitioners of Chinese medicine and other interested medical professionals, including those from western biomedicine.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383710
    Publication Date: 2002-05-22
    author-list-text: Volker Scheid, Barbara Herrnstein Smith and E. Roy Weintraub
    1. Volker Scheid,
    2. Barbara Herrnstein Smith and
    3. E. Roy Weintraub
    contrib-author: Volker Scheid
    contrib-series-editor: Barbara Herrnstein Smith; E. Roy Weintraub
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383710
    illustrations-note: 43 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822328575
    isbn-paper: 9780822328728
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Science and Cultural Theory

    This ethnography of contemporary Chinese medicine that covers both Chinese medical education and practice.

    subtitle: Plurality and Synthesis
  • Chinese Modern
    Author(s): Tang, Xiaobing; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric

    Chinese Modern examines crucial episodes in the creation of Chinese modernity during the turbulent twentieth century. Analyzing a rich array of literary, visual, theatrical, and cinematic texts, Xiaobing Tang portrays the cultural transformation of China from the early 1900s through the founding of the People’s Republic, the installation of the socialist realist aesthetic, the collapse of the idea of utopia in the aftermath of the Cultural Revolution, and the gradual cannibalization of the socialist past by consumer culture at the century’s end. Throughout, he highlights the dynamic tension between everyday life and the heroic ideal.

    Tang uncovers crucial clues to modern Chinese literary and cultural practices through readings of Wu Jianren’s 1906 novel The Sea of Regret and works by canonical writers Lu Xun, Ding Ling, and Ba Jin. For the midcentury, he broadens his investigation by considering theatrical, cinematic, and visual materials in addition to literary texts. His reading of the 1963 play The Young Generation reveals the anxiety and terror underlying the exhilarating new socialist life portrayed on the stage. This play, enormously influential when it first appeared, illustrates the utopian vision of China’s lyrical age and its underlying discontents—both of which are critical for understanding late-twentieth-century China. Tang closes with an examination of post–Cultural Revolution nostalgia for the passion of the lyrical age.

    Throughout Chinese Modern Tang suggests a historical and imaginative affinity between apparently separate literatures and cultures. He thus illuminates not only Chinese modernity but also the condition of modernity as a whole, particularly in light of the postmodern recognition that the market and commodity culture are both angel and devil. This elegantly written volume will be invaluable to students of China, Asian studies, literary criticism, and cultural studies, as well as to readers who study modernity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380887
    Publication Date: 2000-03-13
    author-list-text: Xiaobing Tang, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    1. Xiaobing Tang,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Xiaobing Tang
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380887
    illustrations-note: 17 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324126
    isbn-paper: 9780822324478
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions

    An analysis of the Chinese experience of modernity through the literary works, films and other cultural artifacts that represent it.

    subtitle: The Heroic and the Quotidian
  • Chinese Poetry, 2nd ed., Revised
    Author(s): Yip, Wai-lim

    This is the first paperback edition of a classic anthology of Chinese poetry. Spanning two thousand years—from the Book of Songs (circa 600 B.C.) to the chü form of the Yuan Dynasty (1260–1368)—these 150 poems cover all major genres that students of Chinese poetry must learn.

    Newly designed, the unique format of this volume will enhance its reputation as the definitive introduction to Chinese poetry, while its introductory essay on issues of Chinese aesthetics will continue to be an essential text on the problems of translating such works into English. Each poem is printed with the original Chinese characters in calligraphic form, coordinated with word-for-word annotations, and followed by an English translation. Correcting more than a century of distortion of the classical Chinese by translators unconcerned with the intricacies and aesthetics of the Chinese language, these masterful translations by Wai-lim Yip, a noted and honored translator and scholar, allow English readers to enter more easily into the dynamic of the original poems. Each section of the volume is introduced by a short essay on the mode or genre of poem about to be presented and is followed by a comprehensive bibliography.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382096
    Publication Date: 2004-08-09
    contrib-editor: Wai-lim Yip
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822382096
    illustrations-note: 181 ideograms
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319511
    isbn-paper: 9780822319467
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    This is the first paperback edition of a classic anthology of Chinese poetry. Spanning two thousand years—from the Book of Songs (circa 600 B.C.) to the chü form of the Yuan Dynasty (1260–1368)—these 150 poems cover all major genres that students of Chinese poetry must learn.

    Newly designed, the unique format of this volume will enhance its reputation as the definitive introduction to Chinese poetry, while its introductory essay on issues of Chinese aesthetics will continue to be an essential text on the problems of translating such works into English. Each poem is printed with the original Chinese characters in calligraphic form, coordinated with word-for-word annotations, and followed by an English translation. Correcting more than a century of distortion of the classical Chinese by translators unconcerned with the intricacies and aesthetics of the Chinese language, these masterful translations by Wai-lim Yip, a noted and honored translator and scholar, allow English readers to enter more easily into the dynamic of the original poems. Each section of the volume is introduced by a short essay on the mode or genre of poem about to be presented and is followed by a comprehensive bibliography.

    subtitle: An Anthology of Major Modes and Genres
  • Chinese Reportage
    Author(s): Laughlin, Charles A.; Chow, Rey; Harootunian, Harry; Miyoshi, Masao

    Chinese Reportage details for the first time in English the creation and evolution of a distinctive literary genre in twentieth-century China. Reportage literature, while sharing traditional journalism’s commitment to the accurate, nonfictional portrayal of experience, was largely produced by authors outside the official news media. In identifying the literary merit of this genre and establishing its significance in China’s leftist cultural legacy, Charles A. Laughlin reveals important biases that impede Western understanding of China and, at the same time, supplies an essential chapter in Chinese cultural history.

    Laughlin traces the roots of reportage (or baogao wenxue) to the travel literature of the Qing Dynasty but shows that its flourishing was part of the growth of Chinese communism in the twentieth century. In a modern Asian context critical of capitalism and imperialism, reportage offered the promise of radicalizing writers through a new method of literary practice and the hope that this kind of writing could in turn contribute to social revolution and China’s national self-realization. Chinese Reportage explores the wide range of social engagement depicted in this literature: witnessing historic events unfolding on city streets; experiencing brutal working conditions in 1930s Shanghai factories; struggling in the battlefields and trenches of the war of resistance against Japan, the civil war, and the Korean war; and participating in revolutionary rural, social, and economic transformation. Laughlin’s close readings emphasize the literary construction of social space over that of character and narrative structure, a method that brings out the critique of individualism and humanism underlying the genre’s aesthetics.

    Chinese Reportage recaptures a critical aspect of leftist culture in China with far-reaching implications for historians and sociologists as well as literary scholars.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384120
    Publication Date: 2002-09-20
    author-list-text: Charles A. Laughlin, Rey Chow, Harry Harootunian and Masao Miyoshi
    1. Charles A. Laughlin,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Harry Harootunian and
    4. Masao Miyoshi
    contrib-author: Charles A. Laughlin
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Harry Harootunian; Masao Miyoshi
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822384120
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329596
    isbn-paper: 9780822329718
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society

    Explores the origins of Chinese reportage (journalism) in the 1930s, 40s and 50s, and develops an understanding of the aesthetics that governed the creation of this literature.

    subtitle: The Aesthetics of Historical Experience
  • Chineseness across Borders
    Author(s): Louie, Andrea

    What happens when Chinese American youths travel to mainland China in search of their ancestral roots, only to realize that in many ways they still feel out of place, or when mainland Chinese realize that the lives of the Chinese abroad may not be as good as they had imagined? By considering programs designed to facilitate interactions between overseas Chinese and their ancestral homelands, Andrea Louie highlights how these programs not only create opportunities for new connections but also reveal the disjunctures that now separate Chinese Americans from China and mainland Chinese from the Chinese abroad.

    Louie focuses on “In Search of Roots,” a program that takes young Chinese American adults of Cantonese descent to visit their ancestral villages in China’s Guangdong province. Through ethnographic interviews and observation, Louie examines the experiences of Chinese Americans both during village visits in China and following their participation in the program, which she herself took part in as an intern and researcher. She presents a vivid portrait of two populations who, though connected through family ties generations back, are meeting for the first time in the context of a rapidly changing contemporary China. Louie situates the participants’ and hosts’ shifting understandings of China and Chineseness within the context of transnational flows of people, media, goods, and money; China’s political and economic policies; and the racial and cultural politics of the United States.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385615
    Publication Date: 2004-03-01
    author-list-text: Andrea Louie
    1. Andrea Louie
    contrib-author: Andrea Louie
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385615
    illustrations-note: 21 b&w photos, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332367
    isbn-paper: 9780822332633
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Transnational ethnic identity issues studied through an ethnography of Chinese American visits to Chinese villages organized under a program set up by the Chinese government.

    subtitle: Renegotiating Chinese Identities in China and the United States
  • Chocolate and Corn Flour
    Author(s): Lewis, Laura A.

    Located on Mexico's Pacific coast in a historically black part of the Costa Chica region, the town of San Nicolás has been identified as a center of Afromexican culture by Mexican cultural authorities, journalists, activists, and foreign anthropologists. The majority of the town's residents, however, call themselves morenos (black Indians). In Chocolate and Corn Flour, Laura A. Lewis explores the history and contemporary culture of San Nicolás, focusing on the ways that local inhabitants experience and understand race, blackness, and indigeneity, as well as on the cultural values that outsiders place on the community and its residents.

    Drawing on more than a decade of fieldwork, Lewis offers a richly detailed and subtle ethnography of the lives and stories of the people of San Nicolás, including community residents who have migrated to the United States. San Nicoladenses, she finds, have complex attitudes toward blackness—as a way of identifying themselves and as a racial and cultural category. They neither consider themselves part of an African diaspora nor deny their heritage. Rather, they acknowledge their hybridity and choose to identify most deeply with their community.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394778
    Publication Date: 2012-05-14
    author-list-text: Laura A. Lewis
    1. Laura A. Lewis
    contrib-author: Laura A. Lewis
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394778
    illustrations-note: 43 photographs, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351214
    isbn-paper: 9780822351320
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    Chocolate and Corn Flour explores the history and contemporary culture of African descended Mexicans in the agricultural village of San Nicolás on the southern Pacific Coast of Guerrero (the Costa Chica). This ethnography emphasizes that local history is crucial to understanding identity and explores how racial categories are complicated by globalization and the influence of outsiders.

    subtitle: History, Race, and Place in the Making of “Black” Mexico
  • Chocolate and Other Writings on Male Homoeroticism
    Author(s): Sharma, Pandey Bechan; Vanita, Ruth

    This volume makes available for the first time in English the work of a significant Indian nationalist author, Pandey Bechan Sharma, better known in India as “Ugra,” meaning “extreme.” His book Chocolate, a 1927 collection of eight stories, was the first work of Hindi fiction to focus on male same-sex relations, and its publication sparked India’s first public debates about homosexuality. Many prominent figures, including Gandhi, weighed in on the debates, which lasted into the 1950s. This edition, translated and with an introduction by Ruth Vanita, includes the full text of Chocolate along with an excerpt from Ugra’s novel Letters of Some Beautiful Ones (also published in 1927). In her introduction, Vanita situates Ugra and his writings in relation to Indian nationalist struggles and Hindi literary movements and feuds, and she analyzes the controversies that surrounded Chocolate. Those outraged by its titillating portrayal of homosexuality labeled the collection obscene. On the other side, although no one explicitly defended homosexuality in public, some justified Ugra’s work by arguing that it was the artist’s job to educate through provocation.

    The stories depict male homoeroticism in quotidian situations: a man brings a lover to his disapproving friend’s house; a good-looking young man becomes the object of desire at his school. The love never ends well, but the depictions are not always unsympathetic. Although Ugra claimed that the stories were aimed at suppressing homosexuality by exposing it, Vanita highlights the ambivalence of his characterizations. Cosmopolitan, educated, and hedonistic, the Hindu and Muslim men he portrayed quote Hindi and Urdu poetry to express their love, and they justify same-sex desire by drawing on literature, philosophy, and world history. Vanita’s introduction includes anecdotal evidence that Chocolate was enthusiastically received by India’s homosexual communities.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392187
    Publication Date: 2009-02-06
    author-list-text: Pandey Bechan Sharma and Ruth Vanita
    1. Pandey Bechan Sharma and
    2. Ruth Vanita
    contrib-author: Pandey Bechan Sharma
    contrib-translator: Ruth Vanita
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392187
    illustrations-note: 1 illustration
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343615
    isbn-paper: 9780822343820
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    A translation of a 1927 short-story collection that was the first work of Hindi fiction to focus on male same-sex relations; its publication sparked India s first public debates about homosexuality.

  • Choosing to Lead
    Author(s): Carter, Ralph G.; Scott, James M.

    Shedding new light on how U.S. foreign policy is made, Ralph G. Carter and James M. Scott focus on “congressional foreign policy entrepreneurs,” the often unrecognized representatives and senators who take action on foreign policy matters rather than waiting for the executive branch to do so. These proactive members of Congress have undertaken many initiatives, including reaching out to Franco’s Spain, promoting détente with the Soviet Union, proposing the return of the Panama Canal, seeking to ban military aid to Pinochet’s regime in Chile, pushing for military intervention in Haiti, and championing the recognition of Vietnam. In Choosing to Lead, Carter and Scott examine the characteristics, activities, and impact of foreign policy entrepreneurs since the end of the Second World War. In so doing, they show not only that individual members of Congress have long influenced the U.S. foreign policy-making process, but also that the number of foreign policy entrepreneurs has grown over time.

    Carter and Scott combine extensive quantitative analysis, interviews with members of Congress and their staff, and case studies of key foreign policy entrepreneurs, including Frank Church, William Fulbright, Jesse Helms, Edward Kennedy, Pat McCarran, and Curt Weldon. Drawing on their empirical data, the authors identify the key variables in foreign policy entrepreneurship, including membership in the Senate or House, seniority and committee assignments, majority or minority party status, choice of foreign policy issues, and the means used to influence policy. By illuminating the roles and impact of individual members of Congress, Carter and Scott contribute to a more nuanced understanding of the broader U.S. foreign policy-making process.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390909
    Publication Date: 2009-06-12
    author-list-text: Ralph G. Carter and James M. Scott
    1. Ralph G. Carter and
    2. James M. Scott
    contrib-author: Ralph G. Carter; James M. Scott
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822390909
    illustrations-note: 38 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822344902
    isbn-paper: 9780822345039
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.

    Assesses Congress's role in U.S. foreign policy making, focusing on congressional foreign policy "entrepreneurs" who try to either change or create new foreign policies without specific prompting from the executive branch.

    subtitle: Understanding Congressional Foreign Policy Entrepreneurs
  • Cigarettes Are Sublime
    Author(s): Klein, Richard

    Cigarettes are bad for you; that is why they are so good. With its origins in the author’s urgent desire to stop smoking, Cigarettes Are Sublime offers a provocative look at the literary, philosophical, and cultural history of smoking. Richard Klein focuses on the dark beauty, negative pleasures, and exacting benefits attached to tobacco use and to cigarettes in particular. His appreciation of paradox and playful use of hyperbole lead the way on this aptly ambivalent romp through the cigarette in war, movies (the "Humphrey Bogart cigarette"), literature, poetry, and the reflections of Sartre to show that cigarettes are a mixed blessing, precisely sublime.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379416
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Richard Klein
    1. Richard Klein
    contrib-author: Richard Klein
    copyright-year: 1993
    eisbn: 9780822379416
    illustrations-note: 20 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822314011
    isbn-paper: 9780822316411
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
  • Cinema at the End of Empire
    Author(s): Jaikumar, Priya

    How did the imperial logic underlying British and Indian film policy change with the British Empire’s loss of moral authority and political cohesion? Were British and Indian films of the 1930s and 1940s responsive to and responsible for such shifts? Cinema at the End of Empire illuminates this intertwined history of British and Indian cinema in the late colonial period. Challenging the rubric of national cinemas that dominates film studies, Priya Jaikumar contends that film aesthetics and film regulations were linked expressions of radical political transformations in a declining British empire and a nascent Indian nation. As she demonstrates, efforts to entice colonial film markets shaped Britain’s national film policies, and Indian responses to these initiatives altered the limits of colonial power in India. Imperially themed British films and Indian films envisioning a new civil society emerged during political negotiations that redefined the role of the state in relation to both film industries.

    In addition to close readings of British and Indian films of the late colonial era, Jaikumar draws on a wealth of historical and archival material, including parliamentary proceedings, state-sponsored investigations into colonial filmmaking, trade journals, and intra- and intergovernmental memos regarding cinema. Her wide-ranging interpretations of British film policies, British initiatives in colonial film markets, and genres such as the Indian mythological film and the British empire melodrama reveal how popular film styles and controversial film regulations in these politically linked territories reconfigured imperial relations. With its innovative examination of the colonial film archive, this richly illustrated book presents a new way to track historical change through cinema.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387749
    Publication Date: 2006-04-12
    author-list-text: Priya Jaikumar
    1. Priya Jaikumar
    contrib-author: Priya Jaikumar
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387749
    illustrations-note: 34 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337805
    isbn-paper: 9780822337935
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    History of the relationship between government regulation of the film industry in the UK and the the developing film industry in India between the 1920s and 1940s.

    subtitle: A Politics of Transition in Britain and India
  • Cinema of Actuality
    Author(s): Furuhata, Yuriko

    During the 1960s and early 1970s, Japanese avant-garde filmmakers intensely explored the shifting role of the image in political activism and media events. Known as the "season of politics," the era was filled with widely covered dramatic events from hijackings and hostage crises to student protests. This season of politics was, Yuriko Furuhata argues, the season of image politics. Well-known directors, including Oshima Nagisa, Matsumoto Toshio, Wakamatsu Kōji, and Adachi Masao, appropriated the sensationalized media coverage of current events, turning news stories into material for timely critique and intermedial experimentation. Cinema of Actuality analyzes Japanese avant-garde filmmakers' struggle to radicalize cinema in light of the intensifying politics of spectacle and a rapidly changing media environment, one that was increasingly dominated by television. Furuhata demonstrates how avant-garde filmmaking intersected with media history, and how sophisticated debates about film theory emerged out of dialogues with photography, television, and other visual arts.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822377535
    Publication Date: 2013-07-26
    author-list-text: Yuriko Furuhata
    1. Yuriko Furuhata
    contrib-author: Yuriko Furuhata
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822377535
    illustrations-note: 29 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822354901
    isbn-paper: 9780822355045
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society

    Cinema of Actuality analyzes Japanese avant-garde filmmakers' struggle to radicalize cinema in light of the intensifying politics of spectacle and a rapidly changing media environment, one that was increasingly dominated by television.

    subtitle: Japanese Avant-Garde Filmmaking in the Season of Image Politics
  • Cinematic Prophylaxis
    Author(s): Ostherr, Kirsten

    A timely contribution to the fields of film history, visual cultures, and globalization studies, Cinematic Prophylaxis provides essential historical information about how the representation of biological contagion has affected understandings of the origins and vectors of disease. Kirsten Ostherr tracks visual representations of the contamination of bodies across a range of media, including 1940s public health films; entertainment films such as 1950s alien invasion movies and the 1995 blockbuster Outbreak; television programs in the 1980s, during the early years of the aids epidemic; and the cyber-virus plagued Internet. In so doing, she charts the changes—and the alarming continuities—in popular understandings of the connection between pathologized bodies and the global spread of disease.

    Ostherr presents the first in-depth analysis of the public health films produced between World War II and the 1960s that popularized the ideals of world health and taught viewers to imagine the presence of invisible contaminants all around them. She considers not only the content of specific films but also their techniques for making invisible contaminants visible. By identifying the central aesthetic strategies in films produced by the World Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control, and other institutions, she reveals how ideas about racial impurity and sexual degeneracy underlay messages ostensibly about world health. Situating these films in relation to those that preceded and followed them, Ostherr shows how, during the postwar era, ideas about contagion were explicitly connected to the global circulation of bodies. While postwar public health films embraced the ideals of world health, they invoked a distinct and deeply anxious mode of representing the spread of disease across national borders.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387381
    Publication Date: 2005-10-26
    author-list-text: Kirsten Ostherr
    1. Kirsten Ostherr
    contrib-author: Kirsten Ostherr
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387381
    illustrations-note: 98 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336358
    isbn-paper: 9780822336488
    publisher-name: Duke University Press

    A history and theorization of the representation of public health concerns in commercial cinema and educational film.

    subtitle: Globalization and Contagion in the Discourse of World Health

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