Browse by Title : B

  • B Jenkins
    Author(s): Moten, Fred; McGovern, Charles; Kun, Josh
    Abstract:

    The fourth collection of poetry from the literary and cultural critic Fred Moten, B Jenkins is named after the poet’s mother, who passed away in 2000. It is both an elegy and an inquiry into many of the themes that Moten has explored throughout his career: language, music, performance, improvisation, and the black radical aesthetic and political tradition. In Moten’s verse, the arts, scholarship, and activism intertwine. Cadences echo from his mother’s Arkansas home through African American history and avant-garde jazz riffs. Formal innovations suggest the ways that words, sounds, and music give way to one another.

    The first and last poems in the collection are explicitly devoted to Moten’s mother; the others relate more obliquely to her life and legacy. They invoke performers, writers, artists, and thinkers including not only James Baldwin, Roland Barthes, Frederick Douglass, Billie Holiday, Audre Lorde, Charlie Parker, and Cecil Taylor, but also contemporary scholars of race, affect, and queer theory. The book concludes with an interview conducted by Charles Henry Rowell, the editor of the journal Callaloo. Rowell elicits Moten’s thoughts on the relation of his poetry to theory, music, and African American vernacular culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392675
    Publication Date: 2009-12-15
    author-list-text: Fred Moten, Charles McGovern and Josh Kun
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Fred Moten,
    2. Charles McGovern and
    3. Josh Kun
    contrib-author: Fred Moten
    contrib-series-editor: Charles McGovern; Josh Kun
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392675
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346845
    isbn-paper: 9780822346968
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring American Music
    short-abstract:

    This fourth collection of poetry from the literary and cultural critic Fred Moten is an elegy to his mother and an inquiry into language, music, performance, improvisation, and the black radical tradition.

    subtitle:
  • Babes in Tomorrowland
    Author(s): Sammond, Nicholas
    Abstract:

    Linking Margaret Mead to the Mickey Mouse Club and behaviorism to Bambi, Nicholas Sammond traces a path back to the early-twentieth-century sources of “the normal American child.” He locates the origins of this hypothetical child in the interplay between developmental science and popular media. In the process, he shows that the relationship between the media and the child has long been much more symbiotic than arguments that the child is irrevocably shaped by the media it consumes would lead one to believe. Focusing on the products of the Walt Disney company, Sammond demonstrates that without a vision of a normal American child and the belief that movies and television either helped or hindered its development, Disney might never have found its market niche as the paragon of family entertainment. At the same time, without media producers such as Disney, representations of the ideal child would not have circulated as freely in American popular culture.

    In vivid detail, Sammond describes how the latest thinking about human development was translated into the practice of child-rearing and how magazines and parenting manuals characterized the child as the crucible of an ideal American culture. He chronicles how Walt Disney Productions’ greatest creation—the image of Walt Disney himself—was made to embody evolving ideas of what was best for the child and for society. Bringing popular child-rearing manuals, periodicals, advertisements, and mainstream sociological texts together with the films, tv programs, ancillary products, and public relations materials of Walt Disney Productions, Babes in Tomorrowland reveals a child that was as much the necessary precursor of popular media as the victim of its excesses.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386834
    Publication Date: 2005-06-29
    author-list-text: Nicholas Sammond
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nicholas Sammond
    contrib-author: Nicholas Sammond
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386834
    illustrations-note: 36 b&w illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334514
    isbn-paper: 9780822334637
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Examines the place of Disney in the changing construction of childhood in mid-twentieth-centru America.

    subtitle: Walt Disney and the Making of the American Child, 1930–1960
  • Babylon East
    Author(s): Sterling, Marvin
    Abstract:

    An important center of dancehall reggae performance, sound clashes are contests between rival sound systems: groups of emcees, tune selectors, and sound engineers. In World Clash 1999, held in Brooklyn, Mighty Crown, a Japanese sound system and the only non-Jamaican competitor, stunned the international dancehall community by winning the event. In 2002, the Japanese dancer Junko Kudo became the first non-Jamaican to win Jamaica’s National Dancehall Queen Contest. High-profile victories such as these affirmed and invigorated Japan’s enthusiasm for dancehall reggae. In Babylon East, the anthropologist Marvin D. Sterling traces the history of the Japanese embrace of dancehall reggae and other elements of Jamaican culture, including Rastafari, roots reggae, and dub music.

    Sterling provides a nuanced ethnographic analysis of the ways that many Japanese involved in reggae as musicians and dancers, and those deeply engaged with Rastafari as a spiritual practice, seek to reimagine their lives through Jamaican culture. He considers Japanese performances and representations of Jamaican culture in clubs, competitions, and festivals; on websites; and in song lyrics, music videos, reggae magazines, travel writing, and fiction. He illuminates issues of race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class as he discusses topics ranging from the cultural capital that Japanese dancehall artists amass by immersing themselves in dancehall culture in Jamaica, New York, and England, to the use of Rastafari as a means of critiquing class difference, consumerism, and the colonial pasts of the West and Japan. Encompassing the reactions of Jamaica’s artists to Japanese appropriations of Jamaican culture, as well as the relative positions of Jamaica and Japan in the world economy, Babylon East is a rare ethnographic account of Afro-Asian cultural exchange and global discourses of blackness beyond the African diaspora.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392736
    Publication Date: 2010-06-08
    author-list-text: Marvin Sterling
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Marvin Sterling
    contrib-author: Marvin Sterling
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392736
    illustrations-note: 5 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347057
    isbn-paper: 9780822347224
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    An ethnographic analysis of the Japanese embrace of dancehall reggae and other elements of Jamaican culture, including Rastafari, roots reggae, and dub music.

    subtitle: Performing Dancehall, Roots Reggae, and Rastafari in Japan
  • Babylon Girls
    Author(s): Brown, Jayna
    Abstract:

    Babylon Girls is a groundbreaking cultural history of the African American women who performed in variety shows—chorus lines, burlesque revues, cabaret acts, and the like—between 1890 and 1945. Through a consideration of the gestures, costuming, vocal techniques, and stagecraft developed by African American singers and dancers, Jayna Brown explains how these women shaped the movement and style of an emerging urban popular culture. In an era of U.S. and British imperialism, these women challenged and played with constructions of race, gender, and the body as they moved across stages and geographic space. They pioneered dance movements including the cakewalk, the shimmy, and the Charleston—black dances by which the “New Woman” defined herself. These early-twentieth-century performers brought these dances with them as they toured across the United States and around the world, becoming cosmopolitan subjects more widely traveled than many of their audiences.

    Investigating both well-known performers such as Ada Overton Walker and Josephine Baker and lesser-known artists such as Belle Davis and Valaida Snow, Brown weaves the histories of specific singers and dancers together with incisive theoretical insights. She describes the strange phenomenon of blackface performances by women, both black and white, and she considers how black expressive artists navigated racial segregation. Fronting the “picaninny choruses” of African American child performers who toured Britain and the Continent in the early 1900s, and singing and dancing in The Creole Show (1890), Darktown Follies (1913), and Shuffle Along (1921), black women variety-show performers of the early twentieth century paved the way for later generations of African American performers. Brown shows not only how these artists influenced transnational ideas of the modern woman but also how their artistry was an essential element in the development of jazz.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390695
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Jayna Brown
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jayna Brown
    contrib-author: Jayna Brown
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822390695
    illustrations-note: 49 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341338
    isbn-paper: 9780822341574
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Cultural history of African American women's popular performance between 1890 and 1945, focusing on performers from the variety, music hall, and cabaret stages.

    subtitle: Black Women Performers and the Shaping of the Modern
  • Bacchanalian Sentiments
    Author(s): Birth, Kevin K.
    Abstract:

    Trinidad is known for its vibrant musical traditions, which reflect the island’s ethnic diversity. The annual Carnival, far and away the biggest event in Trinidad, is filled with soca and calypso music. Soca is a dance music derived from calypso, a music with African antecedents. In parang, a Venezuelan and Spanish derived folk music that dominates Trinidadian Christmas festivities, groups of singers and musicians progress from house to house, performing for their neighbors. Chutney is also an Indo-Caribbean music. In Bacchanalian Sentiments, Kevin K. Birth argues that these and other Trinidadian musical genres and traditions not only provide a soundtrack to daily life on the southern Caribbean island; they are central to the ways that Trinidadians experience and navigate their social lives and interpret political events.

    Birth draws on fieldwork he conducted in one of Trinidad’s ethnically diverse rural villages to explore the relationship between music and social and political consciousness on the island. He describes how Trinidadians use the affective power of music and the physiological experience of performance to express and work through issues related to identity, ethnicity, and politics. He looks at how the performers and audience members relate to different musical traditions. Turning explicitly to politics, Birth recounts how Trinidadians used music as a means of making sense of the attempted coup d’état in 1990 and the 1995 parliamentary election, which resulted in a tie between the two major political parties. Bacchanalian Sentiments is an innovative ethnographic analysis of the significance of music, and particular musical forms, in the everyday lives of rural Trinidadians.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388746
    Publication Date: 2007-12-12
    author-list-text: Kevin K. Birth
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kevin K. Birth
    contrib-author: Kevin K. Birth
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822388746
    illustrations-note: 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341413
    isbn-paper: 9780822341659
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An ethnographic exploration of the relationship between music and social and political consciousness on the island of Trinidad.

    subtitle: Musical Experiences and Political Counterpoints in Trinidad
  • Backward Glances
    Author(s): Martin, Fran; Chow, Rey; Harootunian, Harry; Miyoshi, Masao
    Abstract:

    Backward Glances reveals that the passionate love one woman feels for another occupies a position of unsuspected centrality in contemporary Chinese mass cultures. By examining representations of erotic and romantic love between women in popular films, elite and pulp fiction, and television dramas, Fran Martin shows how youthful same-sex love is often framed as a universal, even ennobling, feminine experience. She argues that a temporal logic dominates depictions of female homoeroticism, and she traces that logic across texts produced and consumed in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan during the twentieth century and the early twenty-first. Attentive to both transnational cultural flows and local particularities, Martin shows how loving relations between women in mass culture are usually represented as past experiences. Adult protagonists revel in the repeated, mournful narration of their memories. Yet these portrayals do not simply or finally consign the same-sex loving woman to the past—they also cause her to reappear ceaselessly in the present.

    As Martin explains, memorial schoolgirl love stories are popular throughout contemporary Chinese cultures. The same-sex attracted young woman appears in both openly homophobic and proudly queer-affirmative narratives, as well as in stories whose ideological valence is less immediately clear. Martin demonstrates that the stories, television programs, and films she analyzes are not idiosyncratic depictions of marginal figures, but manifestations of a broader, mainstream cultural preoccupation. Her investigation of representations of same-sex love between women sheds new light on contemporary Chinese understandings of sex, love, gender, marriage, and the cultural ordering of human life.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392637
    Publication Date: 2010-03-29
    author-list-text: Fran Martin, Rey Chow, Harry Harootunian and Masao Miyoshi
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Fran Martin,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Harry Harootunian and
    4. Masao Miyoshi
    contrib-author: Fran Martin
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Harry Harootunian; Masao Miyoshi
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392637
    illustrations-note: 57 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346685
    isbn-paper: 9780822346807
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
    short-abstract:

    An analysis of the dominant patterns in the representation of erotic and romantic love between women in contemporary film, television, and fiction from China, Hong Kong and Taiwan.

    subtitle: Contemporary Chinese Cultures and the Female Homoerotic Imaginary
  • Bad Language, Naked Ladies, and Other Threats to the Nation
    Author(s): Rubenstein, Anne
    Abstract:

    In Bad Language, Naked Ladies, and Other Threats to the Nation, Anne Rubenstein examines how comic books—which were overwhelmingly popular but extremely controversial in post-revolutionary Mexico—played an important role in the development of a stable, legitimate state. Studying the relationship of the Mexican state to its civil society from the 1930s to the 1970s through comic books and their producers, readers, and censors, Rubenstein shows how these thrilling tales of adventure—and the debates over them—reveal much about Mexico’s cultural nationalism and government attempts to direct, if not control, social change.

    Since their first appearance in 1934, comic books enjoyed wide readership, often serving as a practical guide to life in booming new cities. Conservative protest against the so-called immorality of these publications, of mass media generally, and of Mexican modernity itself, however, led the Mexican government to establish a censorship office that, while having little impact on the content of comic books, succeeded in directing conservative ire away from government policies and toward the Mexican media. Bad Language, Naked Ladies, and Other Threats to the Nation examines the complex dynamics of the politics of censorship occasioned by Mexican comic books, including the conservative political campaigns against them, government and industrial responses to such campaigns, and the publishers’ championing of Mexican nationalism and their efforts to preserve their publishing empires through informal influence over government policies. Rubenstein’s analysis suggests a new Mexican history after the revolution, one in which negotiation over cultural questions replaced open conflict and mass-media narrative helped ensure political stability.

    This book will engage readers with an interest in Mexican history, Latin American studies, cultural studies, and popular culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399919
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Anne Rubenstein
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Anne Rubenstein
    contrib-author: Anne Rubenstein
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822399919
    illustrations-note: 16 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321088
    isbn-paper: 9780822321415
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: A Political History of Comic Books in Mexico
  • Bad Modernisms
    Author(s): Mao, Douglas; Walkowitz, Rebecca L.; Love, Heather K.; Puchner, Martin
    Abstract:

    Modernism is hot again. At the dawn of the twenty-first century, poets and architects, designers and critics, teachers and artists are rediscovering the virtues of the previous century’s most vibrant cultural constellation. Yet this widespread embrace raises questions about modernism’s relation to its own success. Modernism’s “badness”—its emphasis on outrageous behavior, its elevation of negativity, its refusal to be condoned—seems essential to its power. But once modernism is accepted as “good” or valuable (as a great deal of modernist art now is), its status as a subversive aesthetic intervention seems undermined. The contributors to Bad Modernisms tease out the contradictions in modernism’s commitment to badness.

    Bad Modernisms thus builds on and extends the “new modernist studies,” recent work marked by the application of diverse methods and attention to texts and artists not usually labeled as modernist. In this collection, these developments are exemplified by essays ranging from a reading of dandyism in 1920s Harlem as a performance of a “bad” black modernist imaginary to a consideration of Filipino American modernism in the context of anticolonialism. The contributors reconsider familiar figures—such as Virginia Woolf, D. H. Lawrence, Josef von Sternberg, Ludwig Wittgenstein, W. H. Auden, and Wyndham Lewis—and bring to light the work of lesser-known artists, including the writer Carlos Bulosan and the experimental filmmaker Len Lye. Examining cultural artifacts ranging from novels to manifestos, from philosophical treatises to movie musicals, and from anthropological essays to advertising campaigns, these essays signal the capaciousness and energy galvanizing the new modernist studies.

    Contributors. Lisa Fluet, Laura Frost, Michael LeMahieu, Heather K. Love, Douglas Mao, Jesse Matz, Joshua L. Miller, Monica L. Miller, Sianne Ngai, Martin Puchner, Rebecca L. Walkowitz

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387824
    Publication Date: 2010-07-01
    author-list-text: Heather K. Love and Martin Puchner
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Heather K. Love and
    2. Martin Puchner
    contrib-editor: Douglas Mao; Rebecca L. Walkowitz
    contrib-other: Heather K. Love; Martin Puchner
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387824
    illustrations-note: 41 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337843
    isbn-paper: 9780822337973
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Collection of essays on the ways in which modernist literature, film, and art transgressed the artistic and cultural norms we associate we "high" modernism.

    subtitle:
  • Bad Souls
    Author(s): Davis, Elizabeth Anne
    Abstract:

    Bad Souls is an ethnographic study of responsibility among psychiatric patients and their caregivers in Thrace, the northeastern borderland of Greece. Elizabeth Anne Davis examines responsibility in this rural region through the lens of national psychiatric reform, a process designed to shift treatment from custodial hospitals to outpatient settings. Challenged to help care for themselves, patients struggled to function in communities that often seemed as much sources of mental pathology as sites of refuge. Davis documents these patients' singular experience of community, and their ambivalent aspirations to health, as they grappled with new forms of autonomy and dependency introduced by psychiatric reform. Planned, funded, and overseen largely by the European Union, this "democratic experiment," one of many reforms adopted by Greece since its accession to the EU in the early 1980s, has led Greek citizens to question the state and its administration of human rights, social welfare, and education. Exploring the therapeutic dynamics of diagnosis, persuasion, healing, and failure in Greek psychiatry, Davis traces the terrains of truth, culture, and freedom that emerge from this questioning of the state at the borders of Europe.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394624
    Publication Date: 2012-02-08
    author-list-text: Elizabeth Anne Davis
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Elizabeth Anne Davis
    contrib-author: Elizabeth Anne Davis
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394624
    illustrations-note: 5 photos, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350934
    isbn-paper: 9780822351061
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    As part of the agreement for Greece to join the EU, the country had to undertake a massive psychiatric reform, moving patients out of custodial hospitals and returning them to the community to be treated as outpatients. In this subtle ethnography, Elizabeth Davis shows how this played out at the edge of the nation, in the border region of Thrace.

    subtitle: Madness and Responsibility in Modern Greece
  • Bad Water
    Author(s): Stolz, Robert
    Abstract:

    Bad Water is a sophisticated theoretical analysis of Japanese thinkers and activists' efforts to reintegrate the natural environment into Japan's social and political thought in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth. The need to incorporate nature into politics was revealed by a series of large-scale industrial disasters in the 1890s. The Ashio Copper Mine unleashed massive amounts of copper, arsenic, mercury, and other pollutants into surrounding watersheds. Robert Stolz argues that by forcefully demonstrating the mutual penetration of humans and nature, industrial pollution biologically and politically compromised the autonomous liberal subject underlying the political philosophy of the modernizing Meiji state. In the following decades, socialism, anarchism, fascism, and Confucian benevolence and moral economy were marshaled in the search for new theories of a modern political subject and a social organization adequate to the environmental crisis. With detailed considerations of several key environmental activists, including Tanaka Shōzō, Bad Water is a nuanced account of Japan's environmental turn, a historical moment when, for the first time, Japanese thinkers and activists experienced nature as alienated from themselves and were forced to rebuild the connections.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376507
    Publication Date: 2014-03-12
    author-list-text: Robert Stolz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Robert Stolz
    contrib-author: Robert Stolz
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376507
    illustrations-note: 1 table, 8 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356905
    isbn-paper: 9780822356998
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
    subtitle: Nature, Pollution, and Politics in Japan, 1870–1950
  • Badiou and Politics
    Author(s): Bosteels, Bruno
    Abstract:

    Badiou and Politics offers a much-anticipated interpretation of the work of the influential French philosopher Alain Badiou. Countering ideas of the philosopher as a dogmatic, absolutist, or even mystical thinker enthralled by the force of the event as a radical break, Bruno Bosteels reveals Badiou’s deep and ongoing investment in the dialectic. Bosteels draws on all of Badiou’s writings, from the philosopher’s student days in the 1960s to the present, as well as on Badiou’s exchanges with other thinkers, from his avowed “masters” Louis Althusser and Jacques Lacan, to interlocutors including Gilles Deleuze, Slavoj Žižek, Daniel Bensaïd, Jacques Derrida, Ernesto Laclau, and Judith Butler. Bosteels tracks the philosopher’s political activities from the events of May 1968 through his embrace of Maoism and the work he has done since the 1980s, helping to mobilize France’s illegal immigrants or sans-papiers. Ultimately, Bosteels argues for understanding Badiou’s thought as a revival of dialectical materialism, and he illuminates the philosopher’s understanding of the task of theory: to define a conceptual space for thinking emancipatory politics in the present.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394471
    Publication Date: 2011-07-01
    author-list-text: Bruno Bosteels
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Bruno Bosteels
    contrib-author: Bruno Bosteels
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394471
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350583
    isbn-paper: 9780822350767
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    short-abstract:

    Examines the political thinking of French philosopher of Alain Badiou, whose theories of ontology and mathematics have set him apart from many of his post-structuralist contemporaries.

    subtitle:
  • Banana Wars
    Author(s): Striffler, Steve; Moberg, Mark; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.
    Abstract:

    Over the past century, the banana industry has radically transformed Latin America and the Caribbean and become a major site of United States–Latin American interaction. Banana Wars is a history of the Americas told through the cultural, political, economic, and agricultural processes that brought bananas from the forests of Latin America and the Caribbean to the breakfast tables of the United States and Europe. The first book to examine these processes in all the western hemisphere regions where bananas are grown for sale abroad, Banana Wars advances the growing body of scholarship focusing on export commodities from historical and social scientific perspectives.

    Bringing together the work of anthropologists, sociologists, economists, historians, and geographers, this collection reveals how the banana industry marshaled workers of differing nationalities, ethnicities, and languages and, in so doing, created unprecedented potential for conflict throughout Latin American and the Caribbean. The frequently abusive conditions that banana workers experienced, the contributors point out, gave rise to one of Latin America’s earliest and most militant labor movements. Responding to both the demands of workers’ organizations and the power of U.S. capital, Latin American governments were inevitably affected by banana production. Banana Wars explores how these governments sometimes asserted their sovereignty over foreign fruit companies, but more often became their willing accomplices. With several essays focusing on the operations of the extraordinarily powerful United Fruit Company, the collection also examines the strategies and reactions of the American and European corporations seeking to profit from the sale of bananas grown by people of different cultures working in varied agricultural and economic environments.

    Contributors

    Philippe Bourgois

    Marcelo Bucheli

    Dario Euraque

    Cindy Forster

    Lawrence Grossman

    Mark Moberg

    Laura T. Raynolds

    Karla Slocum

    John Soluri

    Steve Striffler

    Allen Wells

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385288
    Publication Date: 2003-10-30
    author-list-text: Gilbert M. Joseph and Emily S. Rosenberg
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gilbert M. Joseph and
    2. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-editor: Steve Striffler; Mark Moberg
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822385288
    illustrations-note: 8 illustrations, 16 tables, 11 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331599
    isbn-paper: 9780822331964
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    The history of banana cultivation and its huge impact on Latin American, history, politics, and culture.

    subtitle: Power, Production, and History in the Americas
  • Barbie’s Queer Accessories
    Author(s): Rand, Erica
    Abstract:

    She’s skinny, white, and blond. She’s Barbie—an icon of femininity to generations of American girls. She’s also multiethnic and straight—or so says Mattel, Barbie’s manufacturer. But, as Barbie’s Queer Accessories demonstrates, many girls do things with Barbie never seen in any commercial. Erica Rand looks at the corporate marketing strategies used to create Barbie’s versatile (She’s a rapper! She’s an astronaut! She’s a bride!) but nonetheless premolded and still predominantly white image. Rand weighs the values Mattel seeks to embody in Barbie—evident, for example, in her improbably thin waist and her heterosexual partner—against the naked, dyked out, transgendered, and trashed versions favored by many juvenile owners and adult collectors of the doll.

    Rand begins by focusing on the production and marketing of Barbie, starting in 1959, including Mattel’s numerous tie-ins and spin-offs. These variations, which include the much-promoted multiethnic Barbies and the controversial Earring Magic Ken, helped make the doll one of the most profitable toys on the market. In lively chapters based on extensive interviews, the author discusses adult testimony from both Barbie "survivors" and enthusiasts and explores how memories of the doll fit into women’s lives. Finally, Rand looks at cultural reappropriations of Barbie by artists, collectors, and especially lesbians and gay men, and considers resistance to Barbie as a form of social and political activism.

    Illustrated with photographs of various interpretations and alterations of Barbie, this book encompasses both Barbie glorification and abjection as it testifies to the irrefutably compelling qualities of this bestselling toy. Anyone who has played with Barbie—or, more importantly, thought or worried about playing with Barbie—will find this book fascinating.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822399247
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: Erica Rand
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Erica Rand
    contrib-author: Erica Rand
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822399247
    illustrations-note: 20 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316046
    isbn-paper: 9780822316206
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    subtitle:
  • Baroque New Worlds
    Author(s): Zamora, Lois Parkinson; Kaup, Monika; Nietzsche, Friedrich; Wolfflin, Heinrich; Benjamin, Walter; d'Ors, Eugenio
    Abstract:

    Baroque New Worlds traces the changing nature of Baroque representation in Europe and the Americas across four centuries, from its seventeenth-century origins as a Catholic and monarchical aesthetic and ideology to its contemporary function as a postcolonial ideology aimed at disrupting entrenched power structures and perceptual categories. Baroque forms are exuberant, ample, dynamic, and porous, and in the regions colonized by Catholic Europe, the Baroque was itself eventually colonized. In the New World, its transplants immediately began to reflect the cultural perspectives and iconographies of the indigenous and African artisans who built and decorated Catholic structures, and Europe’s own cultural products were radically altered in turn. Today, under the rubric of the Neobaroque, this transculturated Baroque continues to impel artistic expression in literature, the visual arts, architecture, and popular entertainment worldwide.

    Since Neobaroque reconstitutions necessarily reference the European Baroque, this volume begins with the reevaluation of the Baroque that evolved in Europe during the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth. Foundational essays by Friedrich Nietzsche, Heinrich Wölfflin, Walter Benjamin, Eugenio d’Ors, René Wellek, and Mario Praz recuperate and redefine the historical Baroque. Their essays lay the groundwork for the revisionist Latin American essays, many of which have not been translated into English until now. Authors including Alejo Carpentier, José Lezama Lima, Severo Sarduy, Édouard Glissant, Haroldo de Campos, and Carlos Fuentes understand the New World Baroque and Neobaroque as decolonizing strategies in Latin America and other postcolonial contexts. This collection moves between art history and literary criticism to provide a rich interdisciplinary discussion of the transcultural forms and functions of the Baroque.

    Contributors. Dorothy Z. Baker, Walter Benjamin, Christine Buci-Glucksmann, José Pascual Buxó, Leo Cabranes-Grant, Haroldo de Campos, Alejo Carpentier, Irlemar Chiampi, William Childers, Gonzalo Celorio, Eugenio d’Ors, Jorge Ruedas de la Serna, Carlos Fuentes, Édouard Glissant, Roberto González Echevarría, Ángel Guido, Monika Kaup, José Lezama Lima, Friedrich Nietzsche, Mario Praz, Timothy J. Reiss, Alfonso Reyes, Severo Sarduy, Pedro Henríquez Ureña, Maarten van Delden, René Wellek, Christopher Winks, Heinrich Wölfflin, Lois Parkinson Zamora

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392521
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Friedrich Nietzsche, Heinrich Wolfflin, Walter Benjamin and Eugenio d'Ors
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Friedrich Nietzsche,
    2. Heinrich Wolfflin,
    3. Walter Benjamin and
    4. Eugenio d'Ors
    contrib-editor: Lois Parkinson Zamora; Monika Kaup
    contrib-other: Friedrich Nietzsche; Heinrich Wolfflin; Walter Benjamin; Eugenio d'Ors
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392521
    illustrations-note: 52 illustrations, 4 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346302
    isbn-paper: 9780822346425
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Traces the changing nature of Baroque representation across European and Latin American cultures, from an imperial aesthetic encoding Catholic ideologies, into a means of resistance to colonialism, into a mode of postcolonial self-definition.

    subtitle: Representation, Transculturation, Counterconquest
  • Barrio Libre
    Author(s): Rosas, Gilberto
    Abstract:

    The city of Nogales straddles the border running between Arizona and Sonora, Mexico. On the Mexican side, marginalized youths calling themselves Barrio Libre (Free 'Hood) employ violence, theft, and bribery to survive, often preying on undocumented migrants who navigate the city's sewer system to cross the US-Mexico border. In this book, Gilberto Rosas draws on his in-depth ethnographic research among the members of Barrio Libre to understand why they have embraced criminality and how neoliberalism and security policies on both sides of the border have affected the youths' descent into Barrio Libre.

    Rosas argues that although these youths participate in the victimization of others, they should not be demonized. They are complexly and adversely situated. The effects of NAFTA have forced many of them, as well as other Mexicans, to migrate to Nogales. Moving fluidly with the youths through the spaces that they inhabit and control, he shows how the militarization of the border actually destabilized the region and led Barrio Libre to turn to increasingly violent activities, including drug trafficking. By focusing on these youths and their delinquency, Rosas demonstrates how capitalism and criminality shape perceptions and experiences of race, sovereignty, and resistance along the US-Mexico border.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391838
    Publication Date: 2012-06-05
    author-list-text: Gilberto Rosas
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gilberto Rosas
    contrib-author: Gilberto Rosas
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822391838
    illustrations-note: 5 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352259
    isbn-paper: 9780822352372
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In this book, Gilberto Rosas draws on his in-depth ethnographic research among the members of Barrio Libre to understand why they have embraced criminality and how neoliberalism and security policies on both sides of the border have affected the youths' descent into Barrio Libre.

    subtitle: Criminalizing States and Delinquent Refusals of the New Frontier
  • Battling for Hearts and Minds
    Author(s): Stern, Steve J.; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia
    Abstract:

    Battling for Hearts and Minds is the story of the dramatic struggle to define collective memory in Chile during the violent, repressive dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet, from the 1973 military coup in which he seized power through his defeat in a 1988 plebiscite. Steve J. Stern provides a riveting narration of Chile’s political history during this period. At the same time, he analyzes Chileans’ conflicting interpretations of events as they unfolded. Drawing on testimonios, archives, Truth Commission documents, radio addresses, memoirs, and written and oral histories, Stern identifies four distinct perspectives on life and events under the dictatorship. He describes how some Chileans viewed the regime as salvation from ruin by Leftists (the narrative favored by Pinochet’s junta), some as a wound repeatedly reopened by the state, others as an experience of persecution and awakening, and still others as a closed book, a past to be buried and forgotten.

    In the 1970s, Chilean dissidents were lonely “voices in the wilderness” insisting that state terror and its victims be recognized and remembered. By the 1980s, the dissent had spread, catalyzing a mass movement of individuals who revived public dialogue by taking to the streets, creating alternative media, and demanding democracy and human rights. Despite long odds and discouraging defeats, people of conscience—victims of the dictatorship, priests, youth, women, workers, and others—overcame fear and succeeded in creating truthful public memories of state atrocities. Recounting both their efforts and those of the regime’s supporters to win the battle for Chileans’ hearts and minds, Stern shows how profoundly the struggle to create memories, to tell history, matters.

    Battling for Hearts and Minds is the second volume in the trilogy The Memory Box of Pinochet’s Chile. The third book will examine Chileans’ efforts to achieve democracy while reckoning with Pinochet’s legacy.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388548
    Publication Date: 2006-09-04
    author-list-text: Steve J. Stern, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Steve J. Stern,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: Steve J. Stern
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388548
    illustrations-note: 36 photos, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338277
    isbn-paper: 9780822338413
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America Otherwise
    short-abstract:

    The story of the dramatic struggle to define collective memory in Chile during the violent, repressive dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet.

    subtitle: Memory Struggles in Pinochet’s Chile, 1973–1988
  • Beautiful at All Seasons
    Author(s): Lawrence, Elizabeth; Armstrong, Ann L.; Wilson, Lindie
    Abstract:

    Elizabeth Lawrence (1904–85) is recognized as one of America’s most important gardeners and garden writers. In 1957, Lawrence began a weekly column for the Charlotte Observer, blending gardening lore and horticultural expertise gained from her own gardens in Raleigh and Charlotte, North Carolina, and from her many gardener friends. This book presents 132 of her beloved columns. Never before published in book form, they were chosen from the more than 700 pieces that she wrote for the Observer over fourteen years.

    Lawrence exchanged plants and gardening tips with everyone from southern “farm ladies” trading bulbs in garden bulletins to prominent regional gardeners. She corresponded with nursery owners, everyday backyard gardeners, and literary luminaries such as Katharine White and Eudora Welty. Her books, including A Southern Garden, The Little Bulbs, and Gardens in Winter, inspired several generations of gardeners in the South and beyond.

    The columns in this volume cover specific plants, such as sweet peas, hellebores, peonies, and the bamboo growing outside her living-room window, as well as broader topics including the usefulness of vines, the importance of daily pruning, and organic gardening. Like all of Lawrence’s writing, these columns are peppered with references to conversations with neighbors and quotations from poetry, mythology, and correspondence. They brim with knowledge gained from a lifetime of experimenting in her gardens, from her visits to other gardens, and from her extensive reading.

    Lawrence once wrote, “Dirty fingernails are not the only requirement for growing plants. One must be as willing to study as to dig, for a knowledge of plants is acquired as much from books as from experience.” As inspiring today as when they first appeared in the Charlotte Observer, the columns collected in Beautiful at All Seasons showcase not only Lawrence’s vast knowledge but also her intimate, conversational writing style and her lifelong celebration of gardens and gardening.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389767
    Publication Date: 2007-02-07
    author-list-text: Elizabeth Lawrence
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Elizabeth Lawrence
    contrib-author: Elizabeth Lawrence
    contrib-editor: Ann L. Armstrong; Lindie Wilson
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389767
    illustrations-note: 9 illustrations, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338871
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    In 1957, the revered garden writer Elizabeth Lawrence began a weekly column for the Charlotte Observer. This book presents 132 of the more than 700 pieces that she wrote for the Observer over fourteen years.

    subtitle: Southern Gardening and Beyond with Elizabeth Lawrence
  • Beautiful Bottom, Beautiful Shame
    Author(s): Stockton, Kathryn Bond; Barale, Michèle Aina; Goldberg, Jonathan; Moon, Michael; Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky
    Abstract:

    Shame, Kathryn Bond Stockton argues in Beautiful Bottom, Beautiful Shame, has often been a meeting place for the signs “black” and “queer” and for black and queer people—overlapping groups who have been publicly marked as degraded and debased. But when and why have certain forms of shame been embraced by blacks and queers? How does debasement foster attractions? How is it used for aesthetic delight? What does it offer for projects of sorrow and ways of creative historical knowing? How and why is it central to camp?

    Stockton engages the domains of African American studies, queer theory, psychoanalysis, film theory, photography, semiotics, and gender studies. She brings together thinkers rarely, if ever, read together in a single study—James Baldwin, Radclyffe Hall, Jean Genet, Toni Morrison, Robert Mapplethorpe, Eldridge Cleaver, Todd Haynes, Norman Mailer, Leslie Feinberg, David Fincher, and Quentin Tarantino—and reads them with and against major theorists, including Georges Bataille, Sigmund Freud, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Jacques Lacan, Roland Barthes, and Leo Bersani. Stockton asserts that there is no clear, mirrored relation between the terms “black” and “queer”; rather, seemingly definitive associations attached to each are often taken up or crossed through by the other. Stockton explores dramatic switchpoints between these terms: the stigmatized “skin” of some queers’ clothes, the description of blacks as an “economic bottom,” the visual force of interracial homosexual rape, the complicated logic of so-called same-sex miscegenation, and the ways in which a famous depiction of slavery (namely, Morrison’s Beloved) seems bound up with depictions of AIDS. All of the thinkers Stockton considers scrutinize the social nature of shame as they examine the structures that make debasements possible, bearable, pleasurable, and creative, even in their darkness.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387985
    Publication Date: 2006-06-28
    author-list-text: Kathryn Bond Stockton, Michèle Aina Barale, Jonathan Goldberg, Michael Moon and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kathryn Bond Stockton,
    2. Michèle Aina Barale,
    3. Jonathan Goldberg,
    4. Michael Moon and
    5. Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    contrib-author: Kathryn Bond Stockton
    contrib-series-editor: Michèle Aina Barale; Jonathan Goldberg; Michael Moon; Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387985
    illustrations-note: 16 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337836
    isbn-paper: 9780822337966
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    short-abstract:

    The relationship between black queer subjects and debasement as portrayed within popular culture texts and films.

    subtitle: Where “Black” Meets “Queer”
  • Beautiful Data
    Author(s): Halpern, Orit
    Abstract:

    Beautiful Data is both a history of big data and interactivity, and a sophisticated meditation on ideas about vision and cognition in the second half of the twentieth century. Contending that our forms of attention, observation, and truth are contingent and contested, Orit Halpern historicizes the ways that we are trained, and train ourselves, to observe and analyze the world. Tracing the postwar impact of cybernetics and the communication sciences on the social and human sciences, design, arts, and urban planning, she finds a radical shift in attitudes toward recording and displaying information. These changed attitudes produced what she calls communicative objectivity: new forms of observation, rationality, and economy based on the management and analysis of data. Halpern complicates assumptions about the value of data and visualization, arguing that changes in how we manage and train perception, and define reason and intelligence, are also transformations in governmentality. She also challenges the paradoxical belief that we are experiencing a crisis of attention caused by digital media, a crisis that can be resolved only through intensified media consumption.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376323
    Publication Date: 2015-02-15
    author-list-text: Orit Halpern
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Orit Halpern
    contrib-author: Orit Halpern
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822376323
    illustrations-note: 108 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357308
    isbn-paper: 9780822357445
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Experimental Futures
    short-abstract:

    Beautiful Data is both a history of big data and interactivity, and a sophisticated meditation on ideas about vision and cognition in the second half of the twentieth century.

    subtitle: A History of Vision and Reason since 1945
  • Beautiful Work
    Author(s): Cameron, Sharon
    Abstract:

    The stories one tells about pain are profound ones. Nothing is more legible than these stories. But something is left out of them. If there were no stories, there might be a moment of innocence. A moment before the burden of the stories and their perceived causes and consequences. For Anna, the narrator of Beautiful Work, there were moments when it was not accurate to say in relation to pain "because of this‚" or "leading to that." They were lucid moments. And so she began to hunger for storylessness.

    In order to understand the nature of pain, Anna undertakes a meditation practice. We tend to think of pain as self-absorbing and exclusively our own ("my pain," "I am in pain"). In distinction, Sharon Cameron’s Anna comes to explore pain as common property, and as the basis for a radically reconceived selfhood. Resisting the limitations of memoir, Beautiful Work speaks from experience and simultaneously releases it from the closed shell of personal ownership. Outside of the not quite inevitable stories we tell about it, experience is less protected, less compromised, and more vivid than could be supposed.

    Beautiful Work brings to bear the same interest in consciousness and intersubjectivity that characterizes Cameron’s other work.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396130
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Sharon Cameron
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sharon Cameron
    contrib-author: Sharon Cameron
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822396130
    isbn-paper: 9780822325086
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: A Meditation on Pain
  • Becoming
    Author(s): Mavor, Carol
    Abstract:

    Clementina, Viscountess Hawarden (1822–1865) produced over eight hundred photographs during her all-too-brief life. Most of these were portraits of her adolescent daughters. By whisking away the furniture and bric-a-brac common in scenes of upper-class homes of the Victorian period, Lady Hawarden transformed the sitting room of her London residence into a photographic studio—a private space for taking surprising photos of her daughters in fancy dress. In Carol Mavor’s hands, these pictures become windows into Victorian culture, eroticism, mother-daughter relationships, and intimacy.

    With drama, wit, and verve, Lady Hawarden’s girls, becoming women, entwine each other, their mirrored reflections and select feminine objects (an Indian traveling cabinet, a Gothic-style desk, a shell-covered box) as homoerotic partners. The resulting mise-en-scène is secretive, private, delicious, and arguably queer—a girltopia ripe with maternality and adolescent flirtation, as touching as it is erotic. Luxuriating in the photographs’ interpretive possibilities, Mavor makes illuminating connections between Hawarden and other artists and writers, including Vermeer, Christina Rossetti, George Eliot, Lewis Carroll, and twentieth-century photographers Sally Mann and Francesca Woodman. Weaving psychoanalytic theory and other photographic analyses into her work, Mavor contemplates the experience of the photograph and considers the relationship of Hawarden’s works to the concept of the female fetish, to voyeurism, mirrors and lenses, and twins and doubling. Under the spell of Roland Barthes, Mavor’s voice unveils the peculiarities of the erotic in Lady Hawarden’s images through a writerly approach that remembers and rewrites adolescence as sustained desire.

    In turn autobiographical, theoretical, historical, and analytical, Mavor’s study caresses these mysteriously ripped and scissored images into fables of sapphic love and the real magic of photography.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396154
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Carol Mavor
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Carol Mavor
    contrib-author: Carol Mavor
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822396154
    illustrations-note: 119 b&w photographs, 15 duotone plates
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323556
    isbn-paper: 9780822323891
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Photographs of Clementina, Viscountess Hawarden
  • Becoming Beside Ourselves
    Author(s): Rotman, Brian; Lenoir, Timothy
    Abstract:

    Becoming Beside Ourselves continues the investigation that the renowned cultural theorist and mathematician Brian Rotman began in his previous books Signifying Nothing and Ad Infinitum...The Ghost in Turing’s Machine: exploring certain signs and the conceptual innovations and subjectivities that they facilitate or foreclose. In Becoming Beside Ourselves, Rotman turns his attention to alphabetic writing or the inscription of spoken language. Contending that all media configure what they mediate, he maintains that alphabetic writing has long served as the West’s dominant cognitive technology. Its logic and limitations have shaped thought and affect from its inception until the present. Now its grip on Western consciousness is giving way to virtual technologies and networked media, which are reconfiguring human subjectivity just as alphabetic texts have done for millennia.

    Alphabetic texts do not convey the bodily gestures of human speech: the hesitations, silences, and changes of pitch that infuse spoken language with affect. Rotman suggests that by removing the body from communication, alphabetic texts enable belief in singular, disembodied, authoritative forms of being such as God and the psyche. He argues that while disembodied agencies are credible and real to “lettered selves,” they are increasingly incompatible with selves and subjectivities formed in relation to new virtual technologies and networked media. Digital motion-capture technologies are restoring gesture and even touch to a prominent role in communication. Parallel computing is challenging the linear thought patterns and ideas of singularity facilitated by alphabetic language. Barriers between self and other are breaking down as the networked self is traversed by other selves to become multiple and distributed, formed through many actions and perceptions at once. The digital self is going plural, becoming beside itself.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389118
    Publication Date: 2008-06-25
    author-list-text: Brian Rotman and Timothy Lenoir
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Brian Rotman and
    2. Timothy Lenoir
    contrib-author: Brian Rotman
    contrib-other: Timothy Lenoir
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822389118
    illustrations-note: 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341833
    isbn-paper: 9780822342007
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Theoretical study of the relationship between technoscience and the human body that examines the ways in which bodies and machines "speak" not just through language but also through gesture, numbers, and other non-alphabetic systems of expressio

    subtitle: The Alphabet, Ghosts, and Distributed Human Being
  • Becoming Black
    Author(s): Wright, Michelle M.
    Abstract:

    Becoming Black is a powerful theorization of Black subjectivity throughout the African diaspora. In this unique comparative study, Michelle M. Wright discusses the commonalties and differences in how Black writers and thinkers from the United States, the Caribbean, Africa, France, Great Britain, and Germany have responded to white European and American claims about Black consciousness. As Wright traces more than a century of debate on Black subjectivity between intellectuals of African descent and white philosophers, she also highlights how feminist writers have challenged patriarchal theories of Black identity.

    Wright argues that three nineteenth-century American and European works addressing race—Thomas Jefferson’s Notes on the State of Virginia, G. W. F. Hegel’s Philosophy of History, and Count Arthur de Gobineau’s Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races—were particularly influential in shaping twentieth-century ideas about Black subjectivity. She considers these treatises in depth and describes how the revolutionary Black thinkers W. E. B. Du Bois, Aimé Césaire, Léopold Sédar Senghor, and Frantz Fanon countered the theories they promulgated. She explains that while Du Bois, Césaire, Senghor, and Fanon rejected the racist ideologies of Jefferson, Hegel, and Gobineau, for the most part they did so within what remained a nationalist, patriarchal framework. Such persistent nationalist and sexist ideologies were later subverted, Wright shows, in the work of Black women writers including Carolyn Rodgers and Audre Lorde and, more recently, the British novelists Joan Riley, Naomi King, Jo Hodges, and Andrea Levy. By considering diasporic writing ranging from Du Bois to Lorde to the contemporary African novelists Simon Njami and Daniel Biyaoula, Wright reveals Black subjectivity as rich, varied, and always evolving.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385868
    Publication Date: 2003-12-17
    author-list-text: Michelle M. Wright
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Michelle M. Wright
    contrib-author: Michelle M. Wright
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385868
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332114
    isbn-paper: 9780822332886
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A theoretical troubling of the assumptions of uniformity in Blackness, comparing writings by and about African diasporic subjects from the U.S., Britain, France, and Germany.

    subtitle: Creating Identity in the African Diaspora
  • Becoming Imperial Citizens
    Author(s): Banerjee, Sukanya; Grewal, Inderpal; Kaplan, Caren; Wiegman, Robyn
    Abstract:

    In this remarkable account of imperial citizenship, Sukanya Banerjee investigates the ways that Indians formulated notions of citizenship in the British Empire from the late nineteenth century through the early twentieth. Tracing the affective, thematic, and imaginative tropes that underwrote Indian claims to formal equality prior to decolonization, she emphasizes the extralegal life of citizenship: the modes of self-representation it generates even before it is codified and the political claims it triggers because it is deferred. Banerjee theorizes modes of citizenship decoupled from the rights-conferring nation-state; in so doing, she provides a new frame for understanding the colonial subject, who is usually excluded from critical discussions of citizenship.

    Interpreting autobiography, fiction, election speeches, economic analyses, parliamentary documents, and government correspondence, Banerjee foregrounds the narrative logic sustaining the unprecedented claims to citizenship advanced by racialized colonial subjects. She focuses on the writings of figures such as Dadabhai Naoroji, known as the first Asian to be elected to the British Parliament; Surendranath Banerjea, among the earliest Indians admitted into the Indian Civil Service; Cornelia Sorabji, the first woman to study law in Oxford and the first woman lawyer in India; and Mohandas K. Gandhi, who lived in South Africa for nearly twenty-one years prior to his involvement in Indian nationalist politics. In her analysis of the unexpected registers through which they carved out a language of formal equality, Banerjee draws extensively from discussions in both late-colonial India and Victorian Britain on political economy, indentured labor, female professionalism, and bureaucratic modernity. Signaling the centrality of these discussions to the formulations of citizenship, Becoming Imperial Citizens discloses a vibrant transnational space of political action and subjecthood, and it sheds new light on the complex mutations of the category of citizenship.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391982
    Publication Date: 2010-05-27
    author-list-text: Sukanya Banerjee, Inderpal Grewal, Caren Kaplan and Robyn Wiegman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Sukanya Banerjee,
    2. Inderpal Grewal,
    3. Caren Kaplan and
    4. Robyn Wiegman
    contrib-author: Sukanya Banerjee
    contrib-series-editor: Inderpal Grewal; Caren Kaplan; Robyn Wiegman
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391982
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345909
    isbn-paper: 9780822346081
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Next Wave: New Directions in Women's Studies
    short-abstract:

    By examining how Indians formulated notions of citizenship across the British empire from the late nineteenth century through the early twentieth, Sujatha Banerjee theorizes modes of citizenship decoupled from the rights-conferring nation-state.

    subtitle: Indians in the Late-Victorian Empire
  • Becoming Reinaldo Arenas
    Author(s): Olivares, Jorge
    Abstract:

    Becoming Reinaldo Arenas explores the life and work of the Cuban writer Reinaldo Arenas (1943–1990), who emerged on the Latin American cultural scene in the 1960s and quickly achieved literary fame. Yet as a political dissident and an openly gay man, Arenas also experienced discrimination and persecution; he produced much of his work amid political controversy and precarious living conditions. In 1980, having survived ostracism and incarceration in Cuba, he arrived in the United States during the Mariel boatlift. Ten years later, after struggling with poverty and AIDS in New York, Arenas committed suicide.

    Through insightful close readings of a selection of Arenas's works, including unpublished manuscripts and correspondence, Olivares examines the writer's personal, political, and artistic trajectory, focusing on his portrayals of family, sexuality, exile, and nostalgia. He documents Arenas's critical engagement with cultural and political developments in revolutionary Cuba and investigates the ways in which Arenas challenged literary and national norms. Olivares's analysis shows how Arenas drew on his life experiences to offer revealing perspectives on the Cuban Revolution, the struggles of Cuban exiles, and the politics of sexuality.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822397588
    Publication Date: 2013-03-20
    author-list-text: Jorge Olivares
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jorge Olivares
    contrib-author: Jorge Olivares
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822397588
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353829
    isbn-paper: 9780822353966
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Jorge Olivares connects the personal, political, and artistic trajectories of the Cuban writer Reinaldo Arenas (1943—1990) to Arenas's insights into the Cuban Revolution, the struggles of exiles, and the politics of sexuality.

    subtitle: Family, Sexuality, and The Cuban Revolution
  • Becoming Undone
    Author(s): Grosz, Elizabeth
    Abstract:

    In Becoming Undone, Elizabeth Grosz addresses three related concepts—life, politics, and art—by exploring the implications of Charles Darwin’s account of the evolution of species. Challenging characterizations of Darwin’s work as a form of genetic determinism, Grosz shows that his writing reveals an insistence on the difference between natural selection and sexual selection, the principles that regulate survival and attractiveness, respectively. Sexual selection complicates natural selection by introducing aesthetic factors and the expression of individual will, desire, or pleasure. Grosz explores how Darwin’s theory of sexual selection transforms philosophy, our understanding of humanity in its male and female forms, our ideas of political relations, and our concepts of art. Connecting the naturalist’s work to the writings of Bergson, Deleuze, and Irigaray, she outlines a postmodern Darwinism that understands all of life as forms of competing and coordinating modes of openness. Although feminists have been suspicious of the concepts of nature and biology central to Darwin’s work, Grosz proposes that his writings are a rich resource for developing a more politicized, radical, and far-reaching feminist understanding of matter, nature, biology, time, and becoming.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394433
    Publication Date: 2011-08-22
    author-list-text: Elizabeth Grosz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Elizabeth Grosz
    contrib-author: Elizabeth Grosz
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394433
    illustrations-note: 1 illustration
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350538
    isbn-paper: 9780822350712
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Elizabeth Grosz addresses three related concepts—life, politics, and art—by exploring the implications of Charles Darwin s account of the evolution of species.

    subtitle: Darwinian Reflections on Life, Politics, and Art
  • Before the Nation
    Author(s): Burns, Susan L; Chow, Rey; Harootunian, Harry; Miyoshi, Masao; Huntington, Madge
    Abstract:

    Exploring the emergence and evolution of theories of nationhood that continue to be evoked in present-day Japan, Susan L. Burns provides a close examination ofthe late-eighteenth-century intellectual movement kokugaku, which means "the study of our country.” Departing from earlier studies of kokugaku that focused on intellectuals whose work has been valorized by modern scholars, Burns seeks to recover the multiple ways "Japan" as social and cultural identity began to be imagined before modernity.

    Central to Burns's analysis is Motoori Norinaga’s Kojikiden, arguably the most important intellectual work of Japan's early modern period. Burns situates the Kojikiden as one in a series of attempts to analyze and interpret the mythohistories dating from the early eighth century, the Kojiki and Nihon shoki. Norinaga saw these texts as keys to an original, authentic, and idyllic Japan that existed before being tainted by "flawed" foreign influences, notably Confucianism and Buddhism. Hailed in the nineteenth century as the begetter of a new national consciousness, Norinaga's Kojikiden was later condemned by some as a source of Japan's twentieth-century descent into militarism, war, and defeat. Burns looks in depth at three kokugaku writers—Ueda Akinari, Fujitani Mitsue, and Tachibana Moribe—who contested Norinaga's interpretations and produced competing readings of the mythohistories that offered new theories of community as the basis for Japanese social and cultural identity. Though relegated to the footnotes by a later generation of scholars, these writers were quite influential in their day, and by recovering their arguments, Burns reveals kokugaku as a complex debate—involving history, language, and subjectivity—with repercussions extending well into the modern era.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384908
    Publication Date: 2003-11-11
    author-list-text: Susan L Burns, Rey Chow, Harry Harootunian, Masao Miyoshi and Madge Huntington
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Susan L Burns,
    2. Rey Chow,
    3. Harry Harootunian,
    4. Masao Miyoshi and
    5. Madge Huntington
    contrib-author: Susan L Burns
    contrib-series-editor: Rey Chow; Harry Harootunian; Masao Miyoshi; Madge Huntington
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384908
    isbn-cloth: 9780822331834
    isbn-paper: 9780822331728
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
    short-abstract:

    Shows how a modern nationalism was constructed in Japan from existing notions of community, at a time before the idea of “nation.”

    subtitle: Kokugaku and the Imagining of Community in Early Modern Japan
  • Belated Travelers
    Author(s): Behdad, Ali; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric
    Abstract:

    In Belated Travelers, Ali Behdad offers a compelling cultural critique of nineteenth-century travel writing and its dynamic function in European colonialism. Arriving too late to the Orient, at a time when tourism and colonialism had already turned the exotic into the familiar, late nineteenth-century European travelers to the Middle East experienced a sense of belatedness, of having missed the authentic experience once offered by a world that was already disappearing. Behdad argues that this nostalgic desire for the other contains an implicit critique of Western superiority, a split within European discourses of otherness. Working from these insights and using analyses of power derived from Foucault, Behdad engages in a new critique of orientalism. No longer viewed as a coherent and unified phenomenon or a single developmental tradition, it is seen as a complex and shifting field of practices that has relied upon its own ambivalence and moments of discontinuity to ensure and maintain its power as a discourse of dominance.

    Through readings of Flaubert, Nerval, Kipling, Blunt, and Eberhardt, and following the transition in travel literature from travelog to tourist guide, Belated Travelers addresses the specific historical conditions of late nineteenth-century orientalism implicated in the discourses of desire and power. Behdad also views a broad range of issues in addition to nostalgia and tourism, including transvestism and melancholia, to specifically demonstrate the ways in which the heterogeneity of orientalism and the plurality of its practice is an enabling force in the production and transformation of colonial power.

    An exceptional work that provides an important critique of issues at the forefront of critical practice today, Belated Travelers will be eagerly awaited by specialists in nineteenth-century British and French literatures, and all concerned with colonial and post-colonial discourse.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382638
    Publication Date: 1994-08-12
    author-list-text: Ali Behdad, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ali Behdad,
    2. Stanley Fish and
    3. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Ali Behdad
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822382638
    illustrations-note: 10 b&w photographs, 2 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822314547
    isbn-paper: 9780822314714
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Post-Contemporary Interventions
    subtitle: Orientalism in the Age of Colonial Dissolution
  • Below the Line
    Author(s): Mayer, Vicki
    Abstract:

    Below the Line illuminates the hidden labor of people who not only produce things that the television industry needs, such as a bit of content or a policy sound bite, but also produce themselves in the service of capital expansion. Vicki Mayer considers the work of television set assemblers, soft-core cameramen, reality-program casters, and public-access and cable commissioners in relation to the globalized economy of the television industry. She shows that these workers are increasingly engaged in professional and creative work, unsettling the industry’s mythological account of itself as a business driven by auteurs, manned by an executive class, and created by the talented few. As Mayer demonstrates, the new television economy casts a wide net to exploit those excluded from these hierarchies. Meanwhile, television set assemblers in Brazil devise creative solutions to the problems of material production. Soft-core videographers, who sell televised content, develop their own modes of professionalism. Everyday people become casters, who commodify suitable participants for reality programs, or volunteers, who administer local cable television policies. These sponsors and regulators boost media industries’ profits when they commodify and discipline their colleagues, their neighbors, and themselves. Mayer proposes that studies of production acknowledge the changing dynamics of labor to include production workers who identify themselves and their labor with the industry, even as their work remains undervalued or invisible.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394136
    Publication Date: 2011-04-25
    author-list-text: Vicki Mayer
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Vicki Mayer
    contrib-author: Vicki Mayer
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394136
    illustrations-note: 5 photographs, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822349945
    isbn-paper: 9780822350071
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This book focuses on the people—such as television set assemblers, talent scouts, and community regulators—who produce television but are not acknowledged as production workers within Hollywood s industrial hierarchies.

    subtitle: Producers and Production Studies in the New Television Economy
  • Bergson, Politics, and Religion
    Author(s): Lefebvre, Alexandre; White, Melanie
    Abstract:

    Henri Bergson is primarily known for his work on time, memory, and creativity. His equally innovative interventions into politics and religion have, however, been neglected or dismissed until now. In the first book in English dedicated to Bergson as a political thinker, leading Bergson scholars illuminate his positions on core concerns within political philosophy: the significance of emotion in moral judgment, the relationship between biology and society, and the entanglement of politics and religion. Ranging across Bergson's writings but drawing mainly on his last book, The Two Sources of Morality and Religion, the contributors consider Bergson's relevance to contemporary discussions of human rights, democratic pluralism, and environmental ethics.

    Contributors. Keith Ansell-Pearson, G. William Barnard, Claire Colebrook, Hisashi Fujita, Suzanne Guerlac, Vladimir Jankélévitch, Frédéric Keck, Leonard Lawlor, Alexandre Lefebvre, Paola Marrati, John Mullarkey, Paulina Ochoa Espejo, Carl Power, Philippe Soulez, Jim Urpeth, Melanie White, Frédéric Worms

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395423
    Publication Date: 2012-07-19
    contrib-editor: Alexandre Lefebvre; Melanie White
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395423
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352563
    isbn-paper: 9780822352754
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Bergson, Politics, and Religion examines the political and religious dimensions of the work of philosopher Henri Bergson. Although best known for his ideas on the nature of time, memory, and evolution, in his final book—The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932)—Bergson turned his attention to questions of war, moral duty, and spirituality. The essays in this volume reflect on Bergson as a distinctly political thinker and revitalize his ideas for contemporary political philosophy. Contributors include Keith Ansell-Pearson, Claire Colebrook, Leonard Lawlor, Paola Marrati, Philippe Soulez, and Frédéric Worms.

    subtitle:
  • Between Colonialism and Diaspora
    Author(s): Ballantyne, Tony
    Abstract:

    Bringing South Asian and British imperial history together with recent scholarship on transnationalism and postcolonialism, Tony Ballantyne offers a bold reevaluation of constructions of Sikh identity from the late eighteenth century through the early twenty-first. Ballantyne considers Sikh communities and experiences in Punjab, the rest of South Asia, the United Kingdom, and other parts of the world. He charts the shifting, complex, and frequently competing visions of Sikh identity that have been produced in response to the momentous social changes wrought by colonialism and diaspora. In the process, he argues that Sikh studies must expand its scope to take into account not only how Sikhism is figured in religious and political texts but also on the battlefields of Asia and Europe, in the streets of Singapore and Southall, and in the nightclubs of New Delhi and Newcastle.

    Constructing an expansive historical archive, Ballantyne draws on film, sculpture, fiction, and Web sites, as well as private papers, government records, journalism, and travel narratives. He proceeds from a critique of recent historiography on the development of Sikhism to an analysis of how Sikh identity changed over the course of the long nineteenth century. Ballantyne goes on to offer a reading of the contested interpretations of the life of Dalip Singh, the last Maharaja of Punjab. He concludes with an exploration of bhangra, a traditional form of Punjabi dance that diasporic artists have transformed into a globally popular music style. Much of bhangra’s recent evolution stems from encounters of the Sikh and Afro-Caribbean communities, particularly in the United Kingdom. Ballantyne contends that such cross-cultural encounters are central in defining Sikh identity both in Punjab and the diaspora.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388111
    Publication Date: 2006-07-26
    author-list-text: Tony Ballantyne
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Tony Ballantyne
    contrib-author: Tony Ballantyne
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822388111
    illustrations-note: 4 b&w photographs, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822338093
    isbn-paper: 9780822338246
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A bold historical reevaluation of constructions of Sikh identity from the late eighteenth century through the early twenty-first.

    subtitle: Sikh Cultural Formations in an Imperial World
  • Between Hollywood and Moscow
    Author(s): Gundle, Stephen; Joseph, Gilbert M.; Rosenberg, Emily S.
    Abstract:

    In the postwar years, Italy underwent a far-reaching process of industrialization that transformed the country into a leading industrial power. Throughout most of this period, the Italian Communist Party (PCI) remained a powerful force in local government and civil society. However, as Stephen Gundle observes, the PCI was increasingly faced with challenges posed by modernization, particularly by mass communication, commercial cultural industries, and consumerism. Between Hollywood and Moscow is an analysis of the PCI’s attempts to cope with these problems in an effort to maintain its organization and subculture.

    Gundle focuses on the theme of cultural policy, examining how the PCI’s political strategies incorporated cultural policies and activities that were intended to respond to the Americanization of daily life in Italy. In formulating this policy, Gundle contends, the Italian Communists were torn between loyalty to the alternative values generated by the Communist tradition and adaptation to the dominant influences of Italian modernization. This equilibrium eventually faltered because the attractive aspects of Americanization and pop culture proved more influential than the PCI’s intellectual and political traditions.

    The first analysis in English of the cultural policies and activities of the PCI, this book will appeal to readers with an interest in modern Italy, the European left, political science, and media studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380344
    Publication Date: 2000-11-13
    author-list-text: Stephen Gundle, Gilbert M. Joseph and Emily S. Rosenberg
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Stephen Gundle,
    2. Gilbert M. Joseph and
    3. Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-author: Stephen Gundle
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822380344
    illustrations-note: 14 b&w photographs, 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822325307
    isbn-paper: 9780822325635
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    A study of the cultural policies of the Italian communist party following the collapse of fascismand the struggle with popular consumer culture that led to its demise in 1991.

    subtitle: The Italian Communists and the Challenge of Mass Culture, 1943–1991
  • Between Jesus and the Market
    Author(s): Kintz, Linda
    Abstract:

    Between Jesus and the Market looks at the appeal of the Christian right-wing movement in contemporary American politics and culture. In her discussions of books and videotapes that are widely distributed by the Christian right but little known by mainstream Americans, Linda Kintz makes explicit the crucial need to understand the psychological makeup of born-again Christians as well as the sociopolitical dynamics involved in their cause. She focuses on the role of religious women in right-wing Christianity and asks, for example, why so many women are attracted to what is often seen as an antiwoman philosophy. The result, a telling analysis of the complexity and appeal of the "emotions that matter" to many Americans, highlights how these emotions now determine public policy in ways that are increasingly dangerous for those outside familiarity’s circle.

    With texts from such organizations as the Christian Coalition, the Heritage Foundation, and Concerned Women for America, and writings by Elizabeth Dole, Newt Gingrich, Pat Robertson, and Rush Limbaugh, Kintz traces the usefulness of this activism for the secular claim that conservative political economy is, in fact, simply an expression of the deepest and most admirable elements of human nature itself. The discussion of Limbaugh shows how he draws on the skepticism of contemporary culture to create a sense of absolute truth within his own media performance—its truth guaranteed by the market. Kintz also describes how conservative interpretations of the Holy Scriptures, the U.S. Constitution, and the Declaration of Independence have been used to challenge causes such as feminism, women’s reproductive rights, and gay and lesbian rights. In addition to critiquing the intellectual and political left for underestimating the power of right-wing grassroots organizing, corporate interests, and postmodern media sophistication, Between Jesus and the Market discusses the proliferation of militia groups, Christian entrepreneurship, and the explosive growth and "selling" of the Promise Keepers.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382102
    Publication Date: 1997-07-02
    author-list-text: Linda Kintz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Linda Kintz
    contrib-author: Linda Kintz
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822382102
    isbn-cloth: 9780822319597
    isbn-paper: 9780822319672
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Kintz looks at the appeal of the Christian right wing movement in contemporary American politics and culture. She makes explicit the curcial need to understand the psychological makeup of born again Christians as well as the sociopolitical dynamics involv

    subtitle: The Emotions that Matter in Right-Wing America
  • Between Legitimacy and Violence
    Author(s): Palacios, Marco; Stoller, Richard
    Abstract:

    Between Legitimacy and Violence is an authoritative, sweeping history of Colombia’s “long twentieth century,” from the tumultuous civil wars of the late nineteenth century to the drug wars of the late twentieth. Marco Palacios, a leading Latin American historian, skillfully blends political, economic, social, and cultural history. In an expansive chronological narrative full of vivid detail, he explains Colombia’s political history, discussing key leaders, laws, parties, and ideologies; corruption and inefficiency; and the paradoxical nature of government institutions, which, while stable and enduring, are unable to prevent frequent and extreme outbursts of violence. Palacios traces the trajectory of the economy, addressing agriculture (particularly the economic significance of coffee), the development of a communication and transportation infrastructure, industrialization, and labor struggles. Palacios also gives extensive attention to persistent social inequalities, the role of the Catholic Church, demographic shifts such as urbanization and emigration, and Colombia’s relationship with the United States. Offering a comparative perspective, he frequently contrasts Colombia with other Latin American nations. Throughout, Palacios offers a helpful interpretive framework, connecting developments with their causes and consequences. By thoroughly illuminating Colombia’s past, Between Legitimacy and Violence sheds much-needed light on the country’s violent present.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387893
    Publication Date: 2006-05-16
    author-list-text: Marco Palacios and Richard Stoller
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Marco Palacios and
    2. Richard Stoller
    contrib-author: Marco Palacios
    contrib-translator: Richard Stoller
    copyright-year: 2006
    eisbn: 9780822387893
    illustrations-note: 7 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822337546
    isbn-paper: 9780822337676
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America in Translation
    short-abstract:

    Comprehensive overview of modern Colombian history considers why Colombia's long-established, stable political institutions have not been able to prevent frequent and extreme violence.

    subtitle: A History of Colombia, 1875–2002
  • Between the Guerrillas and the State
    Author(s): Ramírez, María Clemencia; Ramírez, María Clemencia
    Abstract:

    Responding to pressure from the United States, the Colombian government in 1996 intensified aerial fumigation of coca plantations in the western Amazon region. This crackdown on illicit drug cultivation sparked an uprising among the region’s cocaleros, small-scale coca producers and harvest workers. More than 200,000 campesinos marched that summer to protest the heightened threat to their livelihoods. Between the Guerrillas and the State is an ethnographic analysis of the cocalero social movement that emerged from the uprising. María Clemencia Ramírez focuses on how the movement unfolded in the department (state) of Putumayo, which has long been subject to the de facto rule of guerrilla and paramilitary armies. The national government portrayed the area as uncivilized and disorderly and refused to see the coca growers as anything but criminals. Ramírez chronicles how the cocaleros demanded that the state recognize campesinos as citizens, provide basic services, and help them to transition from coca growing to legal and sustainable livelihoods.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394204
    Publication Date: 2011-06-10
    author-list-text: María Clemencia Ramírez and María Clemencia Ramírez
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. María Clemencia Ramírez and
    2. María Clemencia Ramírez
    contrib-author: María Clemencia Ramírez
    contrib-translator: María Clemencia Ramírez
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394204
    illustrations-note: 11 photographs, 8 tables, 8 maps, 4 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350002
    isbn-paper: 9780822350156
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Uses 1996 strike by Colombian coca workers as site to study the state and social movements, analyzing how peasants denied full citizenship become political players in a way that defines the Colombian state in the international arena.

    subtitle: The Cocalero Movement, Citizenship, and Identity in the Colombian Amazon
  • Between Two Fires
    Author(s): Lemon, Alaina
    Abstract:

    Since tsarist times, Roma in Russia have been portrayed as both rebellious outlaws and free-spirited songbirds—in each case, as if isolated from society. In Soviet times, Russians continued to harbor these two, only seemingly opposed, views of “Gypsies,” exalting their songs on stage but scorning them on the streets as liars and cheats. Alaina Lemon’s Between Two Fires examines how Roma themselves have negotiated these dual images in everyday interactions and in stage performances.

    Lemon’s ethnographic study is based on extensive fieldwork in 1990s Russia and focuses on Moscow Romani Theater actors as well as Romani traders and metalworkers. Drawing from interviews with Roma and Russians, observations of performances, and conversations, as well as archives, literary texts, and media, Lemon analyzes the role of theatricality and theatrical tropes in Romani life and the everyday linguistics of social relations and of memory. Historically, the way Romani stage performance has been culturally framed and positioned in Russia has served to typecast Gypsies as “natural” performers, she explains. Thus, while theatrical and musical performance may at times empower Roma, more often it has reinforced and rationalized racial and social stereotypes, excluding them from many Soviet and Russian economic and political arenas. Performance, therefore, defines what it means to be Romani in Russia differently than it does elsewhere, Lemon shows. Considering formal details of language as well as broader cultural and social structures, she also discusses how racial categories relate to post-Soviet economic changes, how gender categories and Euro-Soviet notions of civility are connected, and how ontological distinctions between “stage art” and “real life” contribute to the making of social types. This complex study thus serves as a corrective to romantic views of Roma as detached from political forces.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381327
    Publication Date: 2000-06-29
    author-list-text: Alaina Lemon
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Alaina Lemon
    contrib-author: Alaina Lemon
    copyright-year: 2000
    eisbn: 9780822381327
    illustrations-note: 18 b&w photographs, 1 table, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822324560
    isbn-paper: 9780822324935
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The gypsies of Russia and the part they have played in both Soviet and Post-Soviet society.

    subtitle: Gypsy Performance and Romani Memory from Pushkin to Post-Socialism
  • Between You and Me
    Author(s): Butt, Gavin
    Abstract:

    In the decades preceding the Stonewall riots—in the wake of the 1948 publication of Alfred Kinsey’s controversial report on male sexuality and in the midst of a cold war culture of suspicion and paranoia—discussions of homosexuality within the New York art world necessarily circulated via gossip and rumor. Between You and Me explores this informal, everyday talk and how it shaped artists’ lives, their work, and its reception. Revealing the “trivial” and “unserious” aspects of the postwar art scene as key to understanding queer subjectivity, Gavin Butt argues for a richer, more expansive concept of historical evidence, one that supplements the verifiable facts of traditional historical narrative with the gossipy fictions of sexual curiosity.

    Focusing on the period from 1948 to 1963, Butt draws on the accusations and denials of homosexuality that appeared in the popular press, on early homophile publications such as One and the Mattachine Review, and on biographies, autobiographies, and interviews. In a stunning exposition of Larry Rivers’s work, he shows how Rivers incorporated gossip into his paintings, just as his friend and lover Frank O’Hara worked it into his poetry. He describes how the stories about Andy Warhol being too “swish” to be taken seriously as an artist changed following his breakthrough success, reconstructing him as an asexual dandy. Butt also speculates on the meanings surrounding a MoMA curator’s refusal in 1958 to buy Jasper Johns’s Target with Plaster Casts on the grounds that it was too scandalous for the museum to acquire. Between You and Me sheds new light on a pivotal moment in American cultural production as it signals new directions for art history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387053
    Publication Date: 2005-08-30
    author-list-text: Gavin Butt
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Gavin Butt
    contrib-author: Gavin Butt
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387053
    illustrations-note: 48 photos (incl. 4 in color)
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334866
    isbn-paper: 9780822334989
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A reconsideration of queer American art culture of the mid-twentieth century.

    subtitle: Queer Disclosures in the New York Art World, 1948–1963
  • Beyond a Boundary
    Author(s): James, C. L. R.
    Abstract:

    This new edition of C. L. R. James's classic Beyond a Boundary celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of one of the greatest books on sport and culture ever written.

    Named one of the Top 50 Sports Books of All Time by Sports Illustrated

    "Beyond a Boundary . . . should find its place on the team with Izaak Walton, Ivan Turgenev, A. J. Liebling, and Ernest Hemingway."—Derek Walcott, The New York Times Book Review

    "As a player, James the writer was able to see in cricket a metaphor for art and politics, the collective experience providing a focus for group effort and individual performance. . . . [In] his scintillating memoir of his life in cricket, Beyond a Boundary (1963), James devoted some of his finest pages to this theme."—Edward Said, The Washington Post

    "A work of double reverence—for the resilient, elegant ritualism of cricket and for the black people of the world."—Whitney Balliett, The New Yorker

    "Beyond a Boundary isa book of remarkable richness and force, which vastly expands our understanding of sports as an element of popular culture in the Western and colonial world."—Mark Naison, The Nation

    "Everything James has done has had the mark of originality, of his own flexible, sensitive, and deeply cultured intelligence. He conveys not a rigid doctrine but a delight and curiosity in all the manifestations of life, and the clue to everything lies in his proper appreciation of the game of cricket."—E. P. Thompson, author of The Making of the English Working Class

    "Beyond a Boundary is . . . first and foremost an autobiography of a living legend—probably the greatest social theorist of our times."—Manning Marable, Journal of Sport & Social Issues

    "The great triumph of Beyond a Boundary is its ability to rise above genre and in its very form explore the complex nature of colonial West Indian society."—Caryl Phillips, The New Republic

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376255
    Publication Date: 2013-07-31
    author-list-text: C. L. R. James
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. C. L. R. James
    contrib-author: C. L. R. James
    copyright-year: 2013
    eisbn: 9780822376255
    isbn-paper: 9780822355632
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: The C. L. R. James Archives
    short-abstract:

    This new edition of C. L. R. James's classic Beyond a Boundary celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of one of the greatest books about sport and culture ever written.

    subtitle: 50th Anniversary Edition
  • Beyond Belief
    Author(s): Roy, Srirupa; Adams, Julia; Steinmetz, George
    Abstract:

    Beyond Belief is a bold rethinking of the formation and consolidation of nation-state ideologies. Analyzing India during the first two decades following its foundation as a sovereign nation-state in 1947, Srirupa Roy explores how nationalists are turned into nationals, subjects into citizens, and the colonial state into a sovereign nation-state. Roy argues that the postcolonial nation-state is consolidated not, as many have asserted, by efforts to imagine a shared cultural community, but rather by the production of a recognizable and authoritative identity for the state. This project—of making the state the entity identified as the nation’s authoritative representative—emphasizes the natural cultural diversity of the nation and upholds the state as the sole unifier or manager of the “naturally” fragmented nation; the state is unified through diversity.

    Roy considers several different ways that identification with the Indian nation-state was produced and consolidated during the 1950s and 1960s. She looks at how the Films Division of India, a state-owned documentary and newsreel production agency, allowed national audiences to “see the state”; how the “unity in diversity” formation of nationhood was reinforced in commemorations of India’s annual Republic Day; and how the government produced a policy discourse claiming that scientific development was the ultimate national need and the most pressing priority for the state to address. She also analyzes the fate of the steel towns—industrial townships built to house the workers of nationalized steel plants—which were upheld as the exemplary national spaces of the new India. By prioritizing the role of actual manifestations of and encounters with the state, Roy moves beyond theories of nationalism and state formation based on collective belief.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389910
    Publication Date: 2007-05-07
    author-list-text: Srirupa Roy, Julia Adams and George Steinmetz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Srirupa Roy,
    2. Julia Adams and
    3. George Steinmetz
    contrib-author: Srirupa Roy
    contrib-series-editor: Julia Adams; George Steinmetz
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389910
    illustrations-note: 9 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339847
    isbn-paper: 9780822340010
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Politics, History, and Culture
    short-abstract:

    Examines the formation of the nation-state in postcolonial India, how it worked to create an identity for itself, to what extent it succeeded, and what may be the prospects for unity in a widely diverse country.

    subtitle: India and the Politics of Postcolonial Nationalism
  • Beyond Biopolitics
    Author(s): Clough, Patricia Ticineto; Willse, Craig
    Abstract:

    Under the auspices of neoliberalism, technical systems of compliance and efficiency have come to underwrite the relations among the state, the economy, and a biopolitics of war, terror, and surveillance. In Beyond Biopolitics, prominent theorists seek to account for and critically engage the tendencies that have informed neoliberal governance in the past and are expressed in its reformulation today. As studies of military occupation, the policing of migration, blood trades, financial markets, the war on terror, media ecologies, and consumer branding, the essays explore the governance of life and death in a near-future, a present emptied of future potentialities. The contributors delve into political and theoretical matters central to projects of neoliberal governance, including states of exception that are not exceptional but foundational; risk analysis applied to the adjudication of “ethical” forms of war, terror, and occupation; racism and the management of the life capacities of populations; the production and circulation of death as political and economic currency; and the potential for critical and aesthetic response. Together, the essays offer ways to conceptualize biopolitics as the ground for today’s reformulation of governance.

    Contributors. Ann Anagnost, Una Chung, Patricia Ticineto Clough, Steve Goodman, Sora Y. Han, Stefano Harney, May Joseph, Randy Martin, Brian Massumi, Luciana Parisi, Jasbir Puar, Amit S. Rai, Eugene Thacker, Çağatay Topal, Craig Willse

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394235
    Publication Date: 2011-10-01
    contrib-editor: Patricia Ticineto Clough; Craig Willse
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822394235
    illustrations-note: 12 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350033
    isbn-paper: 9780822350170
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Interdisciplinary collection of essays on the techniques of governance and economy that are used to organize populations around questions of life and death.

    subtitle: Essays on the Governance of Life and Death
  • Beyond Civil Society
    Author(s): Alvarez, Sonia E.; Rubin, Jeffrey W.; Thayer, Millie; Baiocchi, Gianpaolo; Laó-Montes, Agustín
    Abstract:

    The contributors to Beyond Civil Society argue that the conventional distinction between civic and uncivic protest, and between activism in institutions and in the streets, does not accurately describe the complex interactions of forms and locations of activism characteristic of twenty-first-century Latin America. They show that most contemporary political activism in the region relies upon both confrontational collective action and civic participation at different moments. Operating within fluid, dynamic, and heterogeneous fields of contestation, activists have not been contained by governments or conventional political categories, but rather have overflowed their boundaries, opening new democratic spaces or extending existing ones in the process. These essays offer fresh insight into how the politics of activism, participation, and protest are manifest in Latin America today while providing a new conceptual language and an interpretive framework for examining issues that are critical for the future of the region and beyond.

    Contributors. Sonia E. Alvarez, Kiran Asher, Leonardo Avritzer, Gianpaolo Baiocchi, Andrea Cornwall, Graciela DiMarco, Arturo Escobar, Raphael Hoetmer, Benjamin Junge, Luis E. Lander, Agustín Laó-Montes, Margarita López Maya, José Antonio Lucero, Graciela Monteagudo, Amalia Pallares, Jeffrey W. Rubin, Ana Claudia Teixeira, Millie Thayer

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373353
    Publication Date: 2017-05-05
    contrib-editor: Sonia E. Alvarez; Jeffrey W. Rubin; Millie Thayer; Gianpaolo Baiocchi; Agustín Laó-Montes
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373353
    illustrations-note: 7 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822363071
    isbn-paper: 9780822363255
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Beyond Civil Society challenges current understandings of the politics of protest, activism, and participation by examining the ways in which social movements in late twentieth- and early twenty-first-century Latin America blur the boundaries between civil and uncivil activism and between activism carried out in state and the streets.

    subtitle: Activism, Participation, and Protest in Latin America
  • Beyond Exoticism
    Author(s): Taylor, Timothy D.; McGovern, Charles; Radano, Ronald
    Abstract:

    In Beyond Exoticism, Timothy D. Taylor considers how western cultures’ understandings of racial, ethnic, and cultural differences have been incorporated into music from early operas to contemporary television advertisements, arguing that the commonly used term “exoticism” glosses over such differences in many studies of western music. Beyond Exoticism encompasses a range of musical genres and musicians, including Mozart, Beethoven, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Maurice Ravel, Charles Ives, Henry Cowell, Bally Sagoo, and Bill Laswell as well as opera, symphony, country music, and “world music.” Yet, more than anything else, it is an argument for expanding the purview of musicology to take into account not only composers’ lives and the formal properties of the music they produce but also the larger historical and cultural forces shaping both music and our understanding of it.

    Beginning with a focus on musical manifestations of colonialism and imperialism, Taylor discusses how the “discovery” of the New World and the development of an understanding of self as distinct from the other, of “here” as different from “there,” was implicated in the development of tonality, a musical system which effectively creates centers and margins. He describes how musical practices signifying nonwestern peoples entered the western European musical vocabulary and how Darwinian thought shaped the cultural conditions of early-twentieth-century music. In the era of globalization, new communication technologies and the explosion of marketing and consumption have accelerated the production and circulation of tropes of otherness. Considering western music produced under rubrics including multiculturalism, collaboration, hybridity, and world music, Taylor scrutinizes contemporary representations of difference. He argues that musical interpretations of the nonwestern other developed hundreds of years ago have not necessarily been discarded; rather they have been recycled and retooled.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389972
    Publication Date: 2007-02-12
    author-list-text: Timothy D. Taylor, Charles McGovern and Ronald Radano
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Timothy D. Taylor,
    2. Charles McGovern and
    3. Ronald Radano
    contrib-author: Timothy D. Taylor
    contrib-series-editor: Charles McGovern; Ronald Radano
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389972
    illustrations-note: 16 illustrations, 3 tables, 5 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339571
    isbn-paper: 9780822339687
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Refiguring American Music
    short-abstract:

    Study of how systems of power and domination have shaped representations of otherness in music.

    subtitle: Western Music and the World
  • Beyond Lines of Control
    Author(s): Aggarwal, Ravina
    Abstract:

    The Kashmir conflict, the ongoing border dispute between India and Pakistan, has sparked four wars and cost thousands of lives. In this innovative ethnography, Ravina Aggarwal moves beyond conventional understandings of the conflict—which tend to emphasize geopolitical security concerns and religious essentialisms—to consider how it is experienced by those living in the border zones along the Line of Control, the 435-mile boundary separating India from Pakistan. She focuses on Ladakh, the largest region in northern India’s State of Jammu and Kashmir. Located high in the Himalayan and Korakoram ranges, Ladakh borders Pakistan to the west and Tibet to the east. Revealing how the shadow of war affects the lives of Buddhist and Muslim communities in Ladakh, Beyond Lines of Control is an impassioned call for the inclusion of the region’s cultural history and politics in discussions about the status of Kashmir.

    Aggarwal brings the insights of performance studies and the growing field of the anthropology of international borders to bear on her extensive fieldwork in Ladakh. She examines how social and religious boundaries are created on the Ladakhi frontier, how they are influenced by directives of the nation-state, and how they are shaped into political struggles for regional control that are legitimized through discourses of religious purity, patriotism, and development. She demonstrates in lively detail the ways that these struggles are enacted in particular cultural performances such as national holidays, festivals, rites of passage ceremonies, films, and archery games. By placing cultural performances and political movements in Ladakh center stage, Aggarwal rewrites the standard plot of nation and border along the Line of Control.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385899
    Publication Date: 2004-11-09
    author-list-text: Ravina Aggarwal
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ravina Aggarwal
    contrib-author: Ravina Aggarwal
    copyright-year: 2004
    eisbn: 9780822385899
    illustrations-note: 29 illustrations, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334286
    isbn-paper: 9780822334149
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A historical and ethnographic account of a region located on the border of India and Pakistan; the people who live there engage with the specter of war and religious conflict, racial identity, and the processes of modernity through varying performative mo

    subtitle: Performance and Politics on the Disputed Borders of Ladakh, India
  • Beyond Prejudice
    Author(s): Pluhar, Evelyn B.
    Abstract:

    In Beyond Prejudice, Evelyn B. Pluhar defends the view that any sentient conative being—one capable of caring about what happens to him or herself—is morally significant, a view that supports the moral status and rights of many nonhuman animals. Confronting traditional and contemporary philosophical arguments, she offers in clear and accessible fashion a thorough examination of theories of moral significance while decisively demonstrating the flaws in the arguments of those who would avoid attributing moral rights to nonhumans.

    Exposing the traditional view—which restricts the moral realm to autonomous, fully fledged "persons"—as having horrific implications for the treatment of many humans, Pluhar goes on to argue positively that sentient individuals of any species are no less morally significant than the most automomous human. Her position provides the ultimate justification that is missing from previous defenses of the moral status of nonhuman animals. In the process of advancing her position, Pluhar discusses the implications of determining moral significance for children and "abnormal" humans as well as its relevance to population policies, the raising of animals for food or product testing, decisions on hunting and euthanasia, and the treatment of companion animals. In addition, the author scrutinizes recent assertions by environmental ethicists that all living things or that natural objects and ecosystems be considered highly morally significant. This powerful book of moral theory challenges all defenders of the moral status quo—which decrees that animals decidedly do not count—to reevaluate their convictions.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396048
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Evelyn B. Pluhar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Evelyn B. Pluhar
    contrib-author: Evelyn B. Pluhar
    copyright-year: 1995
    eisbn: 9780822396048
    isbn-cloth: 9780822316343
    isbn-paper: 9780822316480
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The Moral Significance of Human and Nonhuman Animals
  • Beyond Repair?
    Author(s): Garvey, Stephen P.; Devins, Neal; Graber, Mark A.; Gross, Samuel R.; Ellsworth, Phoebe C.
    Abstract:

    Can the death penalty be administered in a just way—without executing the innocent, without regard to race, and without arbitrariness? How does capital punishment in the United States fit with international human rights law? These are among the questions that leading legal scholars and journalists explore in Beyond Repair? All new, the essays in this collection focus on the period since 1976, when the Supreme Court held that capital punishment, in and of itself, does not violate the Constitution. In addition to reflecting on the most recent developments in the law, the contributors draw on empirical research to consider connections between newly available data and modern American death penalty procedures.

    A number of the essays scrutinize thinking about capital punishment. They examine why, following almost two decades of strong public support for the death penalty, public opinion in favor of it has recently begun to decline. Beyond Repair? presents some of the findings of the Capital Jury Project, a nationwide research initiative that has interviewed over one thousand people who served as jurors in capital trials. It looks at what goes through the minds of jurors asked to consider imposing the death penalty, how qualified they are to make such an important decision, and how well they understand the judge’s instructions. Contributors also investigate the risk of executing the innocent, the role that race plays in determining which defendants are sentenced to death, and the effect of expanded restrictions on access to federal appellate relief. The postscript contemplates the peculiarities of our contemporary system of capital punishment, including the alarming variance in execution rates from state to state.

    Filled with current insights and analysis, Beyond Repair? will provide valuable information to attorneys, political scientists, criminologists, and all those wanting to participate knowledgeably in the debates about the death penalty in America.

    Contributors. Ken Armstrong, John H. Blume, Theodore Eisenberg, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Stephen P. Garvey, Samuel R. Gross, Sheri Lynn Johnson, Steve Mills, William A. Schabas, Larry W. Yackle, Franklin E. Zimring

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822384038
    Publication Date: 2002-11-01
    author-list-text: Neal Devins, Mark A. Graber, Samuel R. Gross and Phoebe C. Ellsworth
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Neal Devins,
    2. Mark A. Graber,
    3. Samuel R. Gross and
    4. Phoebe C. Ellsworth
    contrib-editor: Stephen P. Garvey
    contrib-other: Samuel R. Gross; Phoebe C. Ellsworth
    contrib-series-editor: Neal Devins; Mark A. Graber
    copyright-year: 2003
    eisbn: 9780822384038
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329602
    isbn-paper: 9780822330431
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Constitutional Conflicts
    short-abstract:

    Essays offer a new challenge to the death penalty's legitimacy, in light of new empirical research and case studies, and against the backdrop of international law and recent changes in U.S. domestic law.

    subtitle: America’s Death Penalty
  • Beyond Settler Time
    Author(s): Rifkin, Mark
    Abstract:

    What does it mean to say that Native peoples exist in the present?  In Beyond Settler Time Mark Rifkin investigates the dangers of seeking to include Indigenous peoples within settler temporal frameworks. Claims that Native peoples should be recognized as coeval with Euro-Americans, Rifkin argues, implicitly treat dominant non-native ideologies and institutions as the basis for defining time itself. How, though, can Native peoples be understood as dynamic and changing while also not assuming that they belong to a present inherently shared with non-natives? Drawing on physics, phenomenology, queer studies, and postcolonial theory, Rifkin develops the concept of "settler time" to address how Native peoples are both consigned to the past and inserted into the present in ways that normalize non-native histories, geographies, and expectations. Through analysis of various kinds of texts, including government documents, film, fiction, and autobiography, he explores how Native experiences of time exceed and defy such settler impositions. In underscoring the existence of multiple temporalities, Rifkin illustrates how time plays a crucial role in Indigenous peoples’ expressions of sovereignty and struggles for self-determination.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373421
    Publication Date: 2017-02-03
    author-list-text: Mark Rifkin
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Mark Rifkin
    contrib-author: Mark Rifkin
    copyright-year: 2017
    eisbn: 9780822373421
    isbn-cloth: 9780822362852
    isbn-paper: 9780822362975
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Mark Rifkin explores how Indigenous experiences with time and the dominance of settler colonial conceptions of temporality have affected Native peoplehood and sovereignty, thereby rethinking the very terms by which history is created and organized around time by.

    subtitle: Temporal Sovereignty and Indigenous Self-Determination
  • Beyond Shangri-La
    Author(s): Knaus, John Kenneth
    Abstract:

    Beyond Shangri-La chronicles relations between the Tibetans and the United States since 1908, when a Dalai Lama first met with U.S. representatives. What was initially a distant alliance became more intimate and entangled in the late 1950s, when the Tibetan people launched an armed resistance movement against the Chinese occupiers. The Tibetans fought to oust the Chinese and to maintain the presence of the current Dalai Lama and his direction of their country. In 1958, John Kenneth Knaus volunteered to serve in a major CIA program to support the Tibetans. For the next seven years, as an operations officer working from India, from Colorado, and from Washington, D.C., he cooperated with the Tibetan rebels as they utilized American assistance to contest Chinese domination and to attain international recognition as an independent entity.

    Since the late 1950s, the rugged resolve of the Dalai Lama and his people and the growing respect for their efforts to free their homeland from Chinese occupation have made Tibet's political and cultural status a pressing issue in international affairs. So has the realization by nations, including the United States, that their geopolitical interests would best be served by the defeat of the Chinese and the achievement of Tibetan self-determination. Beyond Shangri-La provides unique insight into the efforts of the U.S. government and committed U.S. citizens to support a free Tibet.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395300
    Publication Date: 2012-11-19
    author-list-text: John Kenneth Knaus
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. John Kenneth Knaus
    contrib-author: John Kenneth Knaus
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395300
    illustrations-note: 22 illustrations, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822352198
    isbn-paper: 9780822352341
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American encounters/global interactions
    short-abstract:

    In Beyond Shandri-La, a former CIA officer provides unique insight into the efforts of the U.S. government and committed U.S. citizens to support a free Tibet.

    subtitle: America and Tibet's Move into the Twenty-First Century
  • Beyond the Color Line and the Iron Curtain
    Author(s): Baldwin, Kate A.; Pease, Donald E.
    Abstract:

    Examining the significant influence of the Soviet Union on the work of four major African American authors—and on twentieth-century American debates about race—Beyond the Color Line and the Iron Curtain remaps black modernism, revealing the importance of the Soviet experience in the formation of a black transnationalism.

    Langston Hughes, W. E. B. Du Bois, Claude McKay, and Paul Robeson each lived or traveled extensively in the Soviet Union between the 1920s and the 1960s, and each reflected on Communism and Soviet life in works that have been largely unavailable, overlooked, or understudied. Kate A. Baldwin takes up these writings, as well as considerable material from Soviet sources—including articles in Pravda and Ogonek, political cartoons, Russian translations of unpublished manuscripts now lost, and mistranslations of major texts—to consider how these writers influenced and were influenced by both Soviet and American culture. Her work demonstrates how the construction of a new Soviet citizen attracted African Americans to the Soviet Union, where they could explore a national identity putatively free of class, gender, and racial biases. While Hughes and McKay later renounced their affiliations with the Soviet Union, Baldwin shows how, in different ways, both Hughes and McKay, as well as Du Bois and Robeson, used their encounters with the U. S. S. R. and Soviet models to rethink the exclusionary practices of citizenship and national belonging in the United States, and to move toward an internationalism that was a dynamic mix of antiracism, anticolonialism, social democracy, and international socialism.

    Recovering what Baldwin terms the "Soviet archive of Black America," this book forces a rereading of some of the most important African American writers and of the transnational circuits of black modernism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383833
    Publication Date: 2002-09-26
    author-list-text: Kate A. Baldwin and Donald E. Pease
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Kate A. Baldwin and
    2. Donald E. Pease
    contrib-author: Kate A. Baldwin
    contrib-series-editor: Donald E. Pease
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383833
    illustrations-note: 19 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822329763
    isbn-paper: 9780822329909
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New Americanists
    short-abstract:

    Re-examines the relations between African Americans and the Soviet Union from a more transnational perspective and shows how these relations were crucial in the formation of Black modernism.

    subtitle: Reading Encounters between Black and Red, 1922–1963
  • Beyond the Lettered City
    Author(s): Rappaport, Joanne; Cummins, Tom
    Abstract:

    In Beyond the Lettered City, the anthropologist Joanne Rappaport and the art historian Tom Cummins examine the colonial imposition of alphabetic and visual literacy on indigenous groups in the northern Andes. They consider how the Andean peoples received, maintained, and subverted the conventions of Spanish literacy, often combining them with their own traditions. Indigenous Andean communities neither used narrative pictorial representation nor had alphabetic or hieroglyphic literacy before the arrival of the Spaniards. To absorb the conventions of Spanish literacy, they had to engage with European symbolic systems. Doing so altered their worldviews and everyday lives, making alphabetic and visual literacy prime tools of colonial domination. Rappaport and Cummins advocate a broad understanding of literacy, including not only reading and writing, but also interpretations of the spoken word, paintings, wax seals, gestures, and urban design. By analyzing secular and religious notarial manuals and dictionaries, urban architecture, religious images, catechisms and sermons, and the vast corpus of administrative documents produced by the colonial authorities and indigenous scribes, they expand Ángel Rama’s concept of the lettered city to encompass many of those who previously would have been considered the least literate.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394754
    Publication Date: 2011-12-30
    author-list-text: Joanne Rappaport and Tom Cummins
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Joanne Rappaport and
    2. Tom Cummins
    contrib-author: Joanne Rappaport; Tom Cummins
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394754
    illustrations-note: 58 b&w illustrations, 2 charts, 9 color plates
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351160
    isbn-paper: 9780822351283
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Narrating native histories
    short-abstract:

    This book extends the conception of literacy beyond the written word to incorporate the visual. Focusing on the period of colonization in the Andean region the authors argue that the European cultural literacy that they imposed on the indigenous population was not just a tool for oppression and control but was used by the local people as a means to assert their own cultural identity.

    subtitle: Indigenous Literacies in the Andes
  • Beyond the Sacred Forest
    Author(s): Dove, Michael R.; Sajise, Percy E.; Doolittle, Amity A.; Escobar, Arturo; Rocheleau, Dianne
    Abstract:

    Reflecting new thinking about conservation in Southeast Asia, Beyond the Sacred Forest is the product of a unique, decade-long, interdisciplinary collaboration involving research in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Scholars from these countries and the United States rethink the translation of environmental concepts between East and West, particularly ideas of nature and culture; the meaning of conservation; and the ways that conservation policy is applied and transformed in the everyday landscapes of Southeast Asia. The contributors focus more on folk, community, and vernacular conservation discourses than on those of formal institutions and the state. They reject the notion that conservation only takes place in bounded, static, otherworldly spaces such as protected areas or sacred forests. Thick with ethnographic detail, their essays move beyond the forest to agriculture and other land uses, leave behind orthodox notions of the sacred, discard outdated ideas of environmental harmony and stasis, and reject views of the environment that seek to avoid or escape politics. Natural-resource managers and policymakers who work with this more complicated vision of nature and culture are likely to enjoy more enduring success than those who simply seek to remove the influence and impact of humans from conserved landscapes. As many of the essays suggest, this requires the ability to manage contradictions, to relinquish orthodox ideas of what conservation looks like, and to practice continuously adaptive management techniques.

    Contributors. Upik Djalins, Amity A. Doolittle, Michael R. Dove, Levita Duhaylungsod, Emily E. Harwell, Jeyamalar Kathirithamby-Wells, Lye Tuck-Po, Percy E. Sajise, Endah Sulistyawati, Yunita T. Winarto

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393078
    Publication Date: 2011-03-24
    author-list-text: Arturo Escobar and Dianne Rocheleau
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Arturo Escobar and
    2. Dianne Rocheleau
    contrib-editor: Michael R. Dove; Percy E. Sajise; Amity A. Doolittle
    contrib-series-editor: Arturo Escobar; Dianne Rocheleau
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393078
    illustrations-note: 7 tables, 10 maps, 11 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347811
    isbn-paper: 9780822347965
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: New ecologies for the twenty-first century
    short-abstract:

    Scholars rethink the translation of environmental concepts between East and West, particularly ideas of nature and culture; what conservation might mean; and how conservation policy is applied and transformed in the everyday landscapes of Southeast Asia.

    subtitle: Complicating Conservation in Southeast Asia

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