Browse by Title : A

  • A Body Worth Defending
    Author(s): Cohen, Ed
    Abstract:

    Biological immunity as we know it does not exist until the late nineteenth century. Nor does the premise that organisms defend themselves at the cellular or molecular levels. For nearly two thousand years “immunity,” a legal concept invented in ancient Rome, serves almost exclusively political and juridical ends. “Self-defense” also originates in a juridico-political context; it emerges in the mid-seventeenth century, during the English Civil War, when Thomas Hobbes defines it as the first “natural right.” In the 1880s and 1890s, biomedicine fuses these two political precepts into one, creating a new vital function, “immunity-as-defense.” In A Body Worth Defending, Ed Cohen reveals the unacknowledged political, economic, and philosophical assumptions about the human body that biomedicine incorporates when it recruits immunity to safeguard the vulnerable living organism.

    Inspired by Michel Foucault’s writings about biopolitics and biopower, Cohen traces the migration of immunity from politics and law into the domains of medicine and science. Offering a genealogy of the concept, he illuminates a complex of thinking about modern bodies that percolates through European political, legal, philosophical, economic, governmental, scientific, and medical discourses from the mid-seventeenth century through the twentieth. He shows that by the late nineteenth century, “the body” literally incarnates modern notions of personhood. In this lively cultural rumination, Cohen argues that by embracing the idea of immunity-as-defense so exclusively, biomedicine naturalizes the individual as the privileged focus for identifying and treating illness, thereby devaluing or obscuring approaches to healing situated within communities or collectives.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391111
    Publication Date: 2009-09-25
    author-list-text: Ed Cohen
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ed Cohen
    contrib-author: Ed Cohen
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391111
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345183
    isbn-paper: 9780822345350
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A science studies text that reveals the legal and political origins of the concept of immunity

    subtitle: Immunity, Biopolitics, and the Apotheosis of the Modern Body
  • A British Enterprise in Brazil
    Author(s): Eakin, Marshall C.
    Abstract:

    Marshall Eakin presents what may be the most detailed study ever written about the operations of a foreign business in Latin America and the first scholarly, book-length study of any foreign business enterprise in Brazil. Between 1830 and 1970 the British-owned St. John d’el Rey Mining Company, Ltd. constructed a diverse business conglomerate around Minas Gerais, South America’s largest gold mine, in Nova Lima. Until the 1950s the company was the largest industrial firm and the largest taxpayer in Brazil’s most populous state.

    Utilizing company and local archives, Eakin shows that the company was surprisingly ineffective in translating economic success into political influence in Brazil. The most impressive impact of the British operation was at the local level, transforming a small, agrarian community into a sizable industrial city. Virtually a company town, Nova Lima experienced a small-scale industrial revolution as the community made the transition from the largest industrial slave complex in Brazil to a working-class city torn by labor strife and violence between communists and their opponents.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382331
    Publication Date: 1990-01-22
    contrib-author: Marshall C. Eakin
    copyright-year: 1989
    eisbn: 9780822382331
    isbn-cloth: 9780822309147
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: The St. John d’el Rey Mining Company and the Morro Velho Gold Mine, 1830–1960
  • A Century of Revolution
    Author(s): Joseph, Gilbert M.; Grandin, Greg; Rosenberg, Emily S.; Katz, Friedrich; Olcott, Jocelyn
    Abstract:

    Latin America experienced an epochal cycle of revolutionary upheavals and insurgencies during the twentieth century, from the Mexican Revolution of 1910 through the mobilizations and terror in Central America, the Southern Cone, and the Andes during the 1970s and 1980s. In his introduction to A Century of Revolution, Greg Grandin argues that the dynamics of political violence and terror in Latin America are so recognizable in their enforcement of domination, their generation and maintenance of social exclusion, and their propulsion of historical change, that historians have tended to take them for granted, leaving unexamined important questions regarding their form and meaning. The essays in this groundbreaking collection take up these questions, providing a sociologically and historically nuanced view of the ideological hardening and accelerated polarization that marked Latin America’s twentieth century. Attentive to the interplay among overlapping local, regional, national, and international fields of power, the contributors focus on the dialectical relations between revolutionary and counterrevolutionary processes and their unfolding in the context of U.S. hemispheric and global hegemony. Through their fine-grained analyses of events in Chile, Colombia, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru, they suggest a framework for interpreting the experiential nature of political violence while also analyzing its historical causes and consequences. In so doing, they set a new agenda for the study of revolutionary change and political violence in twentieth-century Latin America.

    Contributors

    Michelle Chase

    Jeffrey L. Gould

    Greg Grandin

    Lillian Guerra

    Forrest Hylton

    Gilbert M. Joseph

    Friedrich Katz

    Thomas Miller Klubock

    Neil Larsen

    Arno J. Mayer

    Carlota McAllister

    Jocelyn Olcott

    Gerardo Rénique

    Corey Robin

    Peter Winn

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392859
    Publication Date: 2010-09-30
    author-list-text: Emily S. Rosenberg, Friedrich Katz and Jocelyn Olcott
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Emily S. Rosenberg,
    2. Friedrich Katz and
    3. Jocelyn Olcott
    contrib-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph; Greg Grandin
    contrib-other: Friedrich Katz; Jocelyn Olcott
    contrib-series-editor: Emily S. Rosenberg
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392859
    illustrations-note: 17 illustrations, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347200
    isbn-paper: 9780822347378
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    A collection exploring the ideological hardening and accelerated polarization that marked twentieth-century Latin America and its epochal cycles of revolutionary and counterrevolutionary violence.

    subtitle: Insurgent and Counterinsurgent Violence during Latin America’s Long Cold War
  • A Century of Violence in a Red City
    Author(s): Gill, Lesley
    Abstract:

    In A Century of Violence in a Red City Lesley Gill provides insights into broad trends of global capitalist development, class disenfranchisement and dispossession, and the decline of progressive politics. Gill traces the rise and fall of the strong labor unions, neighborhood organizations, and working class of Barrancabermeja, Colombia, from their origins in the 1920s to their effective activism for agrarian reforms, labor rights, and social programs in the 1960s and 1970s. Like much of Colombia, Barrancabermeja came to be dominated by alliances of right-wing politicians, drug traffickers, foreign corporations, and paramilitary groups. These alliances reshaped the geography of power and gave rise to a pernicious form of armed neoliberalism. Their violent incursion into Barrancabermeja's civil society beginning in the 1980s decimated the city's social networks, destabilized life for its residents, and destroyed its working-class organizations. As a result, community leaders are now left clinging to the toothless discourse of human rights, which cannot effectively challenge the status quo. In this stark book, Gill captures the grim reality and precarious future of Barrancabermeja and other places ravaged by neoliberalism and violence.

     

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822374701
    Publication Date: 2016-02-26
    author-list-text: Lesley Gill
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lesley Gill
    contrib-author: Lesley Gill
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822374701
    illustrations-note: 8 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822360292
    isbn-paper: 9780822360605
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Lesley Gill traces the rise and fall of the strong labor unions and working class of Barrancabermeja, Colombia, showing how the incursion of neoliberalism, the drug trade, and counterinsurgency military campaigns into civil society that began in the 1980s has destabilized everyday life and decimated the city's powerful social institutions.

     

    subtitle: Popular Struggle, Counterinsurgency, and Human Rights in Colombia
  • A Certain Age
    Author(s): Mrázek, Rudolf
    Abstract:

    A Certain Age is an unconventional, evocative work of history and a moving reflection on memory, modernity, space, time, and the limitations of traditional historical narratives. Rudolf Mrázek visited Indonesia throughout the 1990s, recording lengthy interviews with elderly intellectuals in and around Jakarta. With few exceptions, they were part of an urban elite born under colonial rule and educated at Dutch schools. From the early twentieth century, through the late colonial era, the national revolution, and well into independence after 1945, these intellectuals injected their ideas of modernity, progress, and freedom into local and national discussion.

    When Mrázek began his interviews, he expected to discuss phenomena such as the transition from colonialism to postcolonialism. His interviewees, however, wanted to share more personal recollections. Mrázek illuminates their stories of the past with evocative depictions of their late-twentieth-century surroundings. He brings to bear insights from thinkers including Walter Benjamin, Bertold Brecht, Le Corbusier, and Marcel Proust, and from his youth in Prague, another metropolis with its own experience of passages and revolution. Architectural and spatial tropes organize the book. Thresholds, windowsills, and sidewalks come to seem more apt as descriptors of historical transitions than colonial and postcolonial, or modern and postmodern. Asphalt roads, homes, classrooms, fences, and windows organize movement, perceptions, and selves in relation to others. A Certain Age is a portal into questions about how the past informs the present and how historical accounts are inevitably partial and incomplete.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392682
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Rudolf Mrázek
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Rudolf Mrázek
    contrib-author: Rudolf Mrázek
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392682
    illustrations-note: 6 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346852
    isbn-paper: 9780822346975
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    An unconventional, evocative work of history and a series of moving reflections on memory, modernity, space, and time, all based on the author s interviews with elderly Indonesian intellectuals.

    subtitle: Colonial Jakarta through the Memories of Its Intellectuals
  • A Chancellor's Tale
    Author(s): Snyderman, Ralph
    Abstract:

    During his fifteen years as chancellor, Dr. Ralph Snyderman helped create new paradigms for academic medicine while guiding the Duke University Medical Center through periods of great challenge and transformation. Under his leadership, the medical center became internationally known for its innovations in medicine, including the creation of the Duke University Health System—which became a model for integrated health care delivery—and the development of personalized health care based on a rational and compassionate model of care. In A Chancellor's Tale Snyderman reflects on his role in developing and instituting these changes.

     

    Beginning his faculty career at Duke in 1972, Snyderman made major contributions to inflammation research while leading the Division of Rheumatology and Immunology. When he became chancellor in 1989, he learned that Duke’s medical center required bold new capabilities to survive the advent of managed care and HMOs. The need to change spurred creativity, but it also generated strong resistance. 

     

    Among his many achievements, Snyderman led ambitious institutional growth in research and clinical care, broadened clinical research and collaborations between academics and industry, and spurred the fields of integrative and personalized medicine. Snyderman describes how he immersed himself in all aspects of Duke’s medical enterprise as evidenced by his exercise in "following the sheet" from the patient's room to the laundry facilities and back, which allowed him to meet staff throughout the hospital. Upon discovering that temperatures in the laundry facilities were over 110 degrees he had air conditioning installed. He also implemented programs to help employees gain needed skills to advance. Snyderman discusses the necessity for strategic planning, fund-raising, and media relations and the relationship between the medical center and Duke University. He concludes with advice for current and future academic medical center administrators.

     

    The fascinating story of Snyderman's career shines a bright light on the importance of leadership, organization, planning, and innovation in a medical and academic environment while highlighting the systemic changes in academic medicine and American health care over the last half century. A Chancellor's Tale will be required reading for those interested in academic medicine, health care, administrative and leadership positions, and the history of Duke University.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822373933
    Publication Date: 2016-10-14
    author-list-text: Ralph Snyderman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ralph Snyderman
    contrib-author: Ralph Snyderman
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822373933
    illustrations-note: 40 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822361855
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Former Chancellor of the Duke University Medical Center Dr. Ralph Snyderman reflects on his key role in instituting a series of changes that led the medical center to be internationally known for its academic medicine, initiatives in clinical research, genetics, and neurosciences, and the development of new health care models.

    subtitle: Transforming Academic Medicine
  • A Coincidence of Desires
    Author(s): Boellstorff, Tom
    Abstract:

    In A Coincidence of Desires, Tom Boellstorff considers how interdisciplinary collaboration between anthropology and queer studies might enrich both fields. For more than a decade he has visited Indonesia, both as an anthropologist exploring gender and sexuality and as an activist involved in HIV prevention work. Drawing on these experiences, he provides several in-depth case studies, primarily concerning the lives of Indonesian men who term themselves gay (an Indonesian-language word that overlaps with, but does not correspond exactly to, the English word “gay”). These case studies put interdisciplinary research approaches into practice. They are preceded and followed by theoretical meditations on the most productive forms that collaborations between queer studies and anthropology might take. Boellstorff uses theories of time to ask how a model of “coincidence” might open up new possibilities for cooperation between the two disciplines. He also juxtaposes his own work with other scholars’ studies of Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Singapore to compare queer sexualities across Southeast Asia. In doing so, he asks how comparison might be understood as a queer project and how queerness might be understood as comparative.

    The case studies contained in A Coincidence of Desires speak to questions about the relation of sexualities to nationalism, religion, and globalization. They include an examination of zines published by gay Indonesians; an analysis of bahasa gay—a slang spoken by gay Indonesians that is increasingly appropriated in Indonesian popular culture; and an exploration of the place of warias (roughly, “male-to-female transvestites”) within Indonesian society. Boellstorff also considers the tension between Islam and sexuality in gay Indonesians’ lives and a series of incidents in which groups of men, identified with Islamic fundamentalism, violently attacked gatherings of gay men. Collectively, these studies insist on the primacy of empirical investigation to any queer studies project that wishes to speak to the specificities of lived experience.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389538
    Publication Date: 2007-04-04
    author-list-text: Tom Boellstorff
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Tom Boellstorff
    contrib-author: Tom Boellstorff
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822389538
    illustrations-note: 19 illustrations, 7 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822339748
    isbn-paper: 9780822339915
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    An anthropological examination of non-normative male sexuality outside of the "West," using Indonesia as a case study.

    subtitle: Anthropology, Queer Studies, Indonesia
  • A Colonial Lexicon
    Author(s): Hunt, Nancy Rose; Appadurai, Arjun; Comaroff, John L.; Farquhar, Judith
    Abstract:

    A Colonial Lexicon is the first historical investigation of how childbirth became medicalized in Africa. Rejecting the “colonial encounter” paradigm pervasive in current studies, Nancy Rose Hunt elegantly weaves together stories about autopsies and bicycles, obstetric surgery and male initiation, to reveal how concerns about strange new objects and procedures fashioned the hybrid social world of colonialism and its aftermath in Mobutu’s Zaire.

    Relying on archival research in England and Belgium, as well as fieldwork in the Congo, Hunt reconstructs an ethnographic history of a remote British Baptist mission struggling to survive under the successive regimes of King Leopold II’s Congo Free State, the hyper-hygienic, pronatalist Belgian Congo, and Mobutu’s Zaire. After exploring the roots of social reproduction in rituals of manhood, she shows how the arrival of the fast and modern ushered in novel productions of gender, seen equally in the forced labor of road construction and the medicalization of childbirth. Hunt focuses on a specifically interwar modernity, where the speed of airplanes and bicycles correlated with a new, mobile medicine aimed at curbing epidemics and enumerating colonial subjects. Fascinating stories about imperial masculinities, Christmas rituals, evangelical humor, colonial terror, and European cannibalism demonstrate that everyday life in the mission, on plantations, and under a strongly Catholic colonial state was never quite what it seemed. In a world where everyone was living in translation, privileged access to new objects and technologies allowed a class of “colonial middle figures”—particularly teachers, nurses, and midwives—to mediate the evolving hybridity of Congolese society. Successfully blurring conventional distinctions between precolonial, colonial, and postcolonial situations, Hunt moves on to discuss the unexpected presence of colonial fragments in the vibrant world of today’s postcolonial Africa.

    With its close attention to semiotics as well as sociology, A Colonial Lexiconwill interest specialists in anthropology, African history, obstetrics and gynecology, medical history, religion, and women’s and cultural studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822381365
    Publication Date: 1999-10-25
    author-list-text: Nancy Rose Hunt, Arjun Appadurai, John L. Comaroff and Judith Farquhar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nancy Rose Hunt,
    2. Arjun Appadurai,
    3. John L. Comaroff and
    4. Judith Farquhar
    contrib-author: Nancy Rose Hunt
    contrib-series-editor: Arjun Appadurai; John L. Comaroff; Judith Farquhar
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822381365
    illustrations-note: 47 b&w photographs, 8 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323310
    isbn-paper: 9780822323662
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Body, Commodity, Text
    short-abstract:

    Colonial relations in Zaire viewed through the attempts of missionaries to impose European midwifery and birthing practices.

    subtitle: Of Birth Ritual, Medicalization, and Mobility in the Congo
  • A Culture of Stone
    Author(s): Dean, Carolyn J
    Abstract:

    A major contribution to both art history and Latin American studies, A Culture of Stone offers sophisticated new insights into Inka culture and the interpretation of non-Western art. Carolyn Dean focuses on rock outcrops masterfully integrated into Inka architecture, exquisitely worked masonry, and freestanding sacred rocks, explaining how certain stones took on lives of their own and played a vital role in the unfolding of Inka history. Examining the multiple uses of stone, she argues that the Inka understood building in stone as a way of ordering the chaos of unordered nature, converting untamed spaces into domesticated places, and laying claim to new territories. Dean contends that understanding what the rocks signified requires seeing them as the Inka saw them: as potentially animate, sentient, and sacred. Through careful analysis of Inka stonework, colonial-period accounts of the Inka, and contemporary ethnographic and folkloric studies of indigenous Andean culture, Dean reconstructs the relationships between stonework and other aspects of Inka life, including imperial expansion, worship, and agriculture. She also scrutinizes meanings imposed on Inka stone by the colonial Spanish and, later, by tourism and the tourist industry. A Culture of Stone is a compelling multidisciplinary argument for rethinking how we see and comprehend the Inka past.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393177
    Publication Date: 2010-09-30
    author-list-text: Carolyn J Dean
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Carolyn J Dean
    contrib-author: Carolyn J Dean
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822393177
    illustrations-note: 53 b&w illustrations, 15 color plates
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347910
    isbn-paper: 9780822348078
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Argues that the imperial Inka understood stone as potentially animate, sentient, and sacred; building in stone was a way of ordering unordered nature, domesticating untamed spaces, and claiming new territories.

    subtitle: Inka Perspectives on Rock
  • A Date Which Will Live
    Author(s): Rosenberg, Emily S.; Joseph, Gilbert M.
    Abstract:

    December 7, 1941—the date of Japan’s surprise attack on the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor—is "a date which will live" in American history and memory, but the stories that will live and the meanings attributed to them are hardly settled. In movies, books, and magazines, at memorial sites and public ceremonies, and on television and the internet, Pearl Harbor lives in a thousand guises and symbolizes dozens of different historical lessons. In A Date Which Will Live, historian Emily S. Rosenberg examines the contested meanings of Pearl Harbor in American culture.

    Rosenberg considers the emergence of Pearl Harbor’s symbolic role within multiple contexts: as a day of infamy that highlighted the need for future U.S. military preparedness, as an attack that opened a "back door" to U.S. involvement in World War II, as an event of national commemoration, and as a central metaphor in American-Japanese relations. She explores the cultural background that contributed to Pearl Harbor’s resurgence in American memory after the fiftieth anniversary of the attack in 1991. In doing so, she discusses the recent “memory boom” in American culture; the movement to exonerate the military commanders at Pearl Harbor, Admiral Husband Kimmel and General Walter Short; the political mobilization of various groups during the culture and history "wars" of the 1990s, and the spectacle surrounding the movie Pearl Harbor. Rosenberg concludes with a look at the uses of Pearl Harbor as a historical frame for understanding the events of September 11, 2001.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387459
    Publication Date: 2003-08-25
    author-list-text: Emily S. Rosenberg and Gilbert M. Joseph
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Emily S. Rosenberg and
    2. Gilbert M. Joseph
    contrib-author: Emily S. Rosenberg
    contrib-series-editor: Gilbert M. Joseph
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387459
    illustrations-note: 15 b&w photos
    isbn-cloth: 9780822332060
    isbn-paper: 9780822336372
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
    short-abstract:

    How Pearl Harbor has been written about, thought of, and manipulated in American culture.

    subtitle: Pearl Harbor in American Memory
  • A Decade of Negative Thinking
    Author(s): Schor, Mira
    Abstract:

    A Decade of Negative Thinking brings together writings on contemporary art and culture by the painter and feminist art theorist Mira Schor. Mixing theory and practice, the personal and the political, she tackles questions about the place of feminism in art and political discourse, the aesthetics and values of contemporary painting, and the influence of the market on the creation of art. Schor writes across disciplines and is committed to the fluid interrelationship between a formalist aesthetic, a literary sensibility, and a strongly political viewpoint. Her critical views are expressed with poetry and humor in the accessible language that has been her hallmark, and her perspective is informed by her dual practice as a painter and writer and by her experience as a teacher of art.

    In essays such as “The ism that dare not speak its name,” “Generation 2.5,” “Like a Veneer,” “Modest Painting,” “Blurring Richter,” and “Trite Tropes, Clichés, or the Persistence of Styles,” Schor considers how artists relate to and represent the past and how the art market influences their choices: whether or not to disavow a social movement, to explicitly compare their work to that of a canonical artist, or to take up an exhausted style. She places her writings in the rich transitory space between the near past and the “nextmodern.” Witty, brave, rigorous, and heartfelt, Schor’s essays are impassioned reflections on art, politics, and criticism.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391418
    Publication Date: 2009-01-01
    author-list-text: Mira Schor
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Mira Schor
    contrib-author: Mira Schor
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822391418
    illustrations-note: 53 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345848
    isbn-paper: 9780822346029
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    Writings on the changing relationship between feminism and art production and criticism, and the impact of intergenerational struggle in the contemporary art world.

    subtitle: Essays on Art, Politics, and Daily Life
  • A Deleuzian Century?
    Author(s): Buchanan, Ian
    Abstract:

    Michel Foucault’s suggestion that this century would become known as “Deleuzian” was considered by Gilles Deleuze himself to be a joke “meant to make people who like us laugh, and make everyone else livid.” Whether serious or not, Foucault’s prediction has had enough of an impact to raise concern about the potential “deification” of this enormously influential French philosopher. Seeking to counter such tendencies toward hagiography—not unknown, particularly since Deleuze’s death—Ian Buchanan has assembled a collection of essays that constitute a critical and focused engagement with Deleuze and his work.

    Originally published as a special issue of South Atlantic Quarterly (Summer 1997), this volume includes essays from some of the most prominent American, Australian, British, and French scholars and translators of Deleuze’s writing. These essays, ranging from film, television, art, and literature to philosophy, psychoanalysis, geology, and cultural studies, reflect the broad interests of Deleuze himself. Providing both an introduction and critique of Deleuze, this volume will engage those readers interested in literary and cultural theory, philosophy, and the future of those areas of study in which Deleuze worked.

    Contributors. Ronald Bogue, Ian Buchanan, André Pierre Colombat, Tom Conley, Manuel DeLanda, Tessa Dwyer, Jerry Aline Flieger, Eugene Holland, Fredric Jameson, Jean-Clet Martin, John Mullarkey, D. N. Rodowick, Horst Ruthrof, Charles J. Stivale

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395973
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    contrib-editor: Ian Buchanan
    copyright-year: 1999
    eisbn: 9780822395973
    illustrations-note: 5 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822323594
    isbn-paper: 9780822323921
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle:
  • A Different Light
    Author(s): Nair, Parvati
    Abstract:

    A Different Light is the first in-depth study of the work of Sebastião Salgado, widely considered the greatest documentary photographer of our time. For more than three decades, Salgado has produced thematic photo-essays depicting the massive human displacement brought about by industrialization and conflict. These projects usually take years to complete and include pictures from dozens of countries. Parvati Nair offers detailed analyses of Salgado’s best-known photo-essays, including Workers (1993) and Migrations (2000), as well as Genesis, which he began in 2004. With Genesis, Salgado has turned his lens from human turmoil to those parts of the planet not yet ravaged by modernity. Interpreting the photographer’s oeuvre, Nair engages broad questions about aesthetics, history, ethics, and politics in documentary photography. At the same time, she draws on conversations with Salgado and his wife and partner, Lélia Wanick Salgado, to explain the significance of the photographer’s life history, including his roots in Brazil and his training as an economist; his perspectives; and his artistic method. Underpinning all of Salgado’s major projects is a concern with displacement, exploitation, and destruction—of people, communities, and land. Salgado’s images exalt reality, compelling viewers to look and, according to Nair, to envision the world otherwise.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822394372
    Publication Date: 2011-12-14
    author-list-text: Parvati Nair
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Parvati Nair
    contrib-author: Parvati Nair
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822394372
    illustrations-note: 21 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822350316
    isbn-paper: 9780822350484
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    This is the first full critical study of the work of the popular documentary photographer Sebastião Salgado. Nair explores all the stages of Salgado's work, including the recent more ecological subjects, showing its planetary commitments.

    subtitle: The Photography of Sebastião Salgado
  • A Discontented Diaspora
    Author(s): Lesser, Jeffrey
    Abstract:

    In A Discontented Diaspora, Jeffrey Lesser investigates broad questions of ethnicity, the nature of diasporic identity, and Brazilian culture. He does so by exploring particular experiences of young Japanese Brazilians who came of age in São Paulo during the 1960s and 1970s, an intensely authoritarian period of military rule. The most populous city in Brazil, São Paulo was also the world’s largest “Japanese” city outside of Japan by 1960. Believing that their own regional identity should be the national one, residents of São Paulo constantly discussed the relationship between Brazilianness and Japaneseness. As second-generation Nikkei (Brazilians of Japanese descent) moved from the agricultural countryside of their immigrant parents into various urban professions, they became the “best Brazilians” in terms of their ability to modernize the country and the “worst Brazilians” because they were believed to be the least likely to fulfill the cultural dream of whitening. Lesser analyzes how Nikkei both resisted and conformed to others’ perceptions of their identity as they struggled to define and claim their own ethnicity within São Paulo during the military dictatorship.

    Lesser draws on a wide range of sources, including films, oral histories, wanted posters, advertisements, newspapers, photographs, police reports, government records, and diplomatic correspondence. He focuses on two particular cultural arenas—erotic cinema and political militancy—which highlight the ways that Japanese Brazilians imagined themselves to be Brazilian. As he explains, young Nikkei were sure that their participation in these two realms would be recognized for its Brazilianness. They were mistaken. Whether joining banned political movements, training as guerrilla fighters, or acting in erotic films, the subjects of A Discontented Diaspora militantly asserted their Brazilianness only to find that doing so reinforced their minority status.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390480
    Publication Date: 2007-08-24
    author-list-text: Jeffrey Lesser
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jeffrey Lesser
    contrib-author: Jeffrey Lesser
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390480
    illustrations-note: 29 illus., 8 tables, 1 map
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340607
    isbn-paper: 9780822340812
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Analyzes the experiences of a generation of Japanese-Brazilians in Sao Paulo during the most authoritarian period of military rule in order to ask questions about ethnicity, the nature of diasporic identity, and Brazilian culture.

    subtitle: Japanese Brazilians and the Meanings of Ethnic Militancy, 1960–1980
  • A Feminist Reader in Early Cinema
    Author(s): Bean, Jennifer M.; Negra, Diane; Hastie, Amelie; Gaines, Jane M.
    Abstract:

    A Feminist Reader in Early Cinema marks a new era of feminist film scholarship. The twenty essays collected here demonstrate how feminist historiographies at once alter and enrich ongoing debates over visuality and identification, authorship, stardom, and nationalist ideologies in cinema and media studies. Drawing extensively on archival research, the collection yields startling accounts of women's multiple roles as early producers, directors, writers, stars, and viewers. It also engages urgent questions about cinema's capacity for presenting a stable visual field, often at the expense of racially, sexually, or class-marked bodies.

    While fostering new ways of thinking about film history, A Feminist Reader in Early Cinema illuminates the many questions that the concept of "early cinema" itself raises about the relation of gender to modernism, representation, and technologies of the body. The contributors bring a number of disciplinary frameworks to bear, including not only film studies but also postcolonial studies, dance scholarship, literary analysis, philosophies of the body, and theories regarding modernism and postmodernism.

    Reflecting the stimulating diversity of early cinematic styles, technologies, and narrative forms, essays address a range of topics—from the dangerous sexuality of the urban flâneuse to the childlike femininity exemplified by Mary Pickford, from the Shanghai film industry to Italian diva films—looking along the way at birth-control sensation films, French crime serials, "war actualities," and the stylistic influence of art deco. Recurring throughout the volume is the protean figure of the New Woman, alternately garbed as childish tomboy, athletic star, enigmatic vamp, languid diva, working girl, kinetic flapper, and primitive exotic.

    Contributors. Constance Balides, Jennifer M. Bean, Kristine Butler, Mary Ann Doane, Lucy Fischer, Jane Gaines, Amelie Hastie, Sumiko Higashi, Lori Landay, Anne Morey, Diane Negra, Catherine Russell, Siobhan B. Somerville, Shelley Stamp, Gaylyn Studlar, Angela Dalle Vacche, Radha Vatsal, Kristen Whissel, Patricia White, Zhang Zhen

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383840
    Publication Date: 2002-10-31
    author-list-text: Amelie Hastie and Jane M. Gaines
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Amelie Hastie and
    2. Jane M. Gaines
    contrib-editor: Jennifer M. Bean; Diane Negra
    contrib-other: Amelie Hastie; Jane M. Gaines
    copyright-year: 2002
    eisbn: 9780822383840
    illustrations-note: 62 illus.
    isbn-cloth: 9780822330257
    isbn-paper: 9780822329992
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a Camera Obscura Book
    short-abstract:

    The first anthology in a rapidly expanding area of cinema studies.

    subtitle:
  • A Flock Divided
    Author(s): O'Hara, Matthew D.
    Abstract:

    Catholicism, as it developed in colonial Mexico, helped to create a broad and remarkably inclusive community of Christian subjects, while it also divided that community into countless smaller flocks. Taking this contradiction as a starting point, Matthew D. O’Hara describes how religious thought and practice shaped Mexico’s popular politics. As he shows, religion facilitated the emergence of new social categories and modes of belonging in which individuals—initially subjects of the Spanish crown, but later citizens and other residents of republican Mexico—found both significant opportunities for improving their place in society and major constraints on their ways of thinking and behaving.

    O’Hara focuses on interactions between church authorities and parishioners from the late-colonial era into the early-national period, first in Mexico City and later in the surrounding countryside. Paying particular attention to disputes regarding caste status, the category of “Indian,” and the ownership of property, he demonstrates that religious collectivities from neighborhood parishes to informal devotions served as complex but effective means of political organization for plebeians and peasants. At the same time, longstanding religious practices and ideas made colonial social identities linger into the decades following independence, well after republican leaders formally abolished the caste system that classified individuals according to racial and ethnic criteria. These institutional and cultural legacies would be profound, since they raised fundamental questions about political inclusion and exclusion precisely when Mexico was trying to envision and realize new forms of political community. The modes of belonging and organizing created by colonialism provided openings for popular mobilization, but they were always stalked by their origins as tools of hierarchy and marginalization.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392491
    Publication Date: 2009-11-02
    author-list-text: Matthew D. O'Hara
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Matthew D. O'Hara
    contrib-author: Matthew D. O'Hara
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392491
    illustrations-note: 5 photos, 10 tables, 9 maps, 2 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822346272
    isbn-paper: 9780822346395
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    A history examining the interactions between church authorities and Mexican parishioners—from the late-colonial era into the early-national period—shows how religious thought and practice shaped Mexico s popular politics.

    subtitle: Race, Religion, and Politics in Mexico, 1749–1857
  • A Foreign Policy in Transition
    Author(s): Adams, Jan S.
    Abstract:

    During his years of leadership in the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev initiated revolutionary changes in that country's foreign and domestic policies. A Foreign Policy in Transition charts the changing Soviet policies toward Central America and the Caribbean during the Gorbachev years, examines the effects of these policies on individual countries, and looks to the role that Russia and the other Soviet-successor states will play in this region in the 1990s.

    Jan S. Adams analyzes the factors shaping Gorbachev's foreign policy in Central America by surveying Soviet political views old and new, by describing Gorbachev's bold restructuring of the Soviet foreign policy establishment, and by assessing the implications of his policy of perestroika. A series of country studies demonstrates how changes in Soviet policies and domestic and economic circumstances contributed to significant shifts in the internal conditions and external relations of the Central American and Caribbean nations. Adams discusses in detail such topics as the reduction of Soviet military and economic aid to the region and pressures exerted by Moscow on client states to effect the settlement of regional conflicts by political rather than military means.

    The author concludes by speculating about which trends in foreign policy by Russia and other Soviet-successor states toward Central America and the Caribbean may persist in the post-Soviet period, discussing as the implications of these changes for future U.S. policy in the region.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383017
    Publication Date: 1992-09-08
    author-list-text: Jan S. Adams
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jan S. Adams
    contrib-author: Jan S. Adams
    copyright-year: 1992
    eisbn: 9780822383017
    isbn-cloth: 9780822312567
    isbn-paper: 9780822312932
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Moscow’s Retreat from Central America and the Carribbean, 1985–1992
  • A Foreigner Carrying in the Crook of His Arm a Tiny Bomb
    Author(s): Kumar, Amitava
    Abstract:

    Part reportage and part protest, A Foreigner Carrying in the Crook of His Arm a Tiny Bomb is an inquiry into the cultural logic and global repercussions of the war on terror. At its center are two men convicted in U.S. courts on terrorism-related charges: Hemant Lakhani, a seventy-year-old tried for attempting to sell a fake missile to an FBI informant, and Shahawar Matin Siraj, baited by the New York Police Department into a conspiracy to bomb a subway. Lakhani and Siraj were caught through questionable sting operations involving paid informants; both men received lengthy jail sentences. Their convictions were celebrated as major victories in the war on terror. In Amitava Kumar’s riveting account of their cases, Lakhani and Siraj emerge as epic bunglers, and the U.S. government as the creator of terror suspects to prosecute. Kumar analyzed the trial transcripts and media coverage, and he interviewed Lakhani, Siraj, their families, and their lawyers. Juxtaposing such stories of entrapment in the United States with narratives from India, another site of multiple terror attacks and state crackdowns, Kumar explores the harrowing experiences of ordinary people entangled in the war on terror. He also considers the fierce critiques of post-9/11 surveillance and security regimes by soldiers and torture victims, as well as artists and writers, including Coco Fusco, Paul Shambroom, and Arundhati Roy.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822391357
    Publication Date: 2010-05-20
    author-list-text: Amitava Kumar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Amitava Kumar
    contrib-author: Amitava Kumar
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822391357
    illustrations-note: 13 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822345626
    isbn-paper: 9780822345787
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Part reportage and part protest, an inquiry into the cultural logic and global repercussions of the war on terror, with particular focus on the United States and India.

    subtitle:
  • A Forgetful Nation
    Author(s): Behdad, Ali
    Abstract:

    In A Forgetful Nation, the renowned postcolonialism scholar Ali Behdad turns his attention to the United States. Offering a timely critique of immigration and nationalism, Behdad takes on an idea central to American national mythology: that the United States is “a nation of immigrants,” welcoming and generous to foreigners. He argues that Americans’ treatment of immigrants and foreigners has long fluctuated between hospitality and hostility, and that this deep-seated ambivalence is fundamental to the construction of national identity. Building on the insights of Freud, Nietzsche, Foucault, and Derrida, he develops a theory of the historical amnesia that enables the United States to disavow a past and present built on the exclusion of others.

    Behdad shows how political, cultural, and legal texts have articulated American anxiety about immigration from the Federalist period to the present day. He reads texts both well-known—J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur’s Letters from an American Farmer, Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, and Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass—and lesser-known—such as the writings of nineteenth-century nativists and of public health officials at Ellis Island. In the process, he highlights what is obscured by narratives and texts celebrating the United States as an open-armed haven for everyone: the country’s violent beginnings, including its conquest of Native Americans, brutal exploitation of enslaved Africans, and colonialist annexation of French and Mexican territories; a recurring and fierce strand of nativism; the need for a docile labor force; and the harsh discipline meted out to immigrant “aliens” today, particularly along the Mexican border.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387039
    Publication Date: 2005-06-27
    author-list-text: Ali Behdad
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Ali Behdad
    contrib-author: Ali Behdad
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387039
    isbn-cloth: 9780822336068
    isbn-paper: 9780822336198
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The cultural workings of immigration and exclusion in U.S. history.

    subtitle: On Immigration and Cultural Identity in the United States
  • A Jewish Family in Germany Today
    Author(s): Bodemann, Y. Michal
    Abstract:

    Immediately after the Holocaust, it seemed inconceivable that a Jewish community would rebuild in Germany. What was once unimaginable has now come to pass: Germany is home to one of Europe’s most vibrant Jewish communities, and it has the fastest growing Jewish immigrant population of any country in the world outside Israel. By sharing the life stories of members of one Jewish family—the Kalmans—Y. Michal Bodemann provides an intimate look at what it is like to live as a Jew in Germany today. Having survived concentration camps in Poland, four Kalman siblings—three brothers and a sister—were left stranded in Germany after the war. They built new lives and a major enterprise; they each married and had children. Over the past fifteen years Bodemann conducted extensive interviews with the Kalmans, mostly with the survivors’ ten children, who were born between 1948 and 1964. In these oral histories, he shares their thoughts on Judaism, work, family, and community. Staying in Germany is not a given; four of the ten cousins live in Israel and the United States.

    Among the Kalman cousins are an art gallery owner, a body builder, a radio personality, a former chief financial officer of a prominent U.S. bank, and a sculptor. They discuss Zionism, anti-Semitism, what it means to root for the German soccer team, Schindler’s List, money, success, marriage and intermarriage, and family history. They reveal their different levels of engagement with Judaism and involvement with local Jewish communities. Kalman is a pseudonym, and their anonymity allows the family members to talk with passion and candor about their relationships and their lives as Jews.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822385929
    Publication Date: 2004-11-12
    author-list-text: Y. Michal Bodemann
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Y. Michal Bodemann
    contrib-author: Y. Michal Bodemann
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822385929
    illustrations-note: 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334101
    isbn-paper: 9780822334217
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Shares the life experiences of the children of 4 siblings who out of eight siblings, parents and grandparents, survived the Holocaust. It explores the ways in which these children from the same socio-cultural background have built diverse lives in German

    subtitle: An Intimate Portrait
  • A Language of Song
    Author(s): Charters, Samuel
    Abstract:

    In A Language of Song, Samuel Charters—one of the pioneering collectors of African American music—writes of a trip to West Africa where he found “a gathering of cultures and a continuing history that lay behind the flood of musical expression [he] encountered everywhere . . . from Brazil to Cuba, to Trinidad, to New Orleans, to the Bahamas, to dance halls of west Louisiana and the great churches of Harlem.” In this book, Charters takes readers along to those and other places, including Jamaica and the Georgia Sea Islands, as he recounts experiences from a half-century spent following, documenting, recording, and writing about the Africa-influenced music of the United States, Brazil, and the Caribbean.

    Each of the book’s fourteen chapters is a vivid rendering of a particular location that Charters visited. While music is always his focus, the book is filled with details about individuals, history, landscape, and culture. In first-person narratives, Charters relates voyages including a trip to the St. Louis home of the legendary ragtime composer Scott Joplin and the journey to West Africa, where he met a man who performed an hours-long song about the Europeans’ first colonial conquests in Gambia. Throughout the book, Charters traces the persistence of African musical culture despite slavery, as well as the influence of slaves’ songs on subsequent musical forms. In evocative prose, he relates a lifetime of travel and research, listening to brass bands in New Orleans; investigating the emergence of reggae, ska, and rock-steady music in Jamaica’s dancehalls; and exploring the history of Afro-Cuban music through the life of the jazz musician Bebo Valdés. A Language of Song is a unique expedition led by one of music’s most observant and well-traveled explorers.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392071
    Publication Date: 2009-04-15
    author-list-text: Samuel Charters
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Samuel Charters
    contrib-author: Samuel Charters
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822392071
    illustrations-note: 59 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343585
    isbn-paper: 9780822343806
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Samuel Charters recounts experiences from a half-century spent following, documenting, recording, and writing about the Africa-influenced music of the United States, Brazil, and the Caribbean.

    subtitle: Journeys in the Musical World of the African Diaspora
  • A Master on the Periphery of Capitalism
    Author(s): Schwarz, Roberto; Gledson, John; Fish, Stanley; Jameson, Fredric
    Abstract:

    A Master on the Periphery of Capitalism is a translation (from the original Portuguese) of Roberto Schwarz’s renowned study of the work of Brazilian novelist Machado de Assis (1839–1908). A leading Brazilian theorist and author of the highly influential notion of “misplaced ideas,” Schwarz focuses his literary and cultural analysis on Machado’s The Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas, which was published in 1880. Writing in the Marxist tradition, Schwarz investigates in particular how social structure gets internalized as literary form, arguing that Machado’s style replicates and reveals the deeply embedded class divisions of nineteenth-century Brazil.

    Widely acknowledged as the most important novelist to have written in Latin America before 1940, Machado had a surprisingly modern style. Schwarz notes that the unprecedented wit, sarcasm, structural inventiveness, and mercurial changes of tone and subject matter found in The Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas marked a crucial moment in the history of Latin American literature. He argues that Machado’s vanguard narrative reflects the Brazilian owner class and its peculiar status in both national and international contexts, and shows why this novel’s success was no accident. The author was able to confront some of the most prestigious ideologies of the nineteenth century with some uncomfortable truths, not the least of which was that slavery remained the basis of the Brazilian economy.

    A Master on the Periphery of Capitalism will appeal to those with interests in Latin American literature, nineteenth century history, and Marxist literary theory.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380801
    Publication Date: 2001-11-21
    author-list-text: Roberto Schwarz, John Gledson, Stanley Fish and Fredric Jameson
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Roberto Schwarz,
    2. John Gledson,
    3. Stanley Fish and
    4. Fredric Jameson
    contrib-author: Roberto Schwarz
    contrib-series-editor: Stanley Fish; Fredric Jameson
    contrib-translator: John Gledson
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380801
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322108
    isbn-paper: 9780822322399
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Latin America in Translation
    short-abstract:

    A translation of Schwarz's study of the work of Brazilian novelist Machado de Assis (1839-1908).

    subtitle: Machado de Assis
  • A Matter of Rats
    Author(s): Kumar, Amitava
    Abstract:

    It is not only the past that lies in ruins in Patna, it is also the present. But that is not the only truth about the city that Amitava Kumar explores in this vivid, entertaining account of his hometown. We accompany him through many Patnas, the myriad cities locked within the city—the shabby reality of the present-day capital of Bihar; Pataliputra, the storied city of emperors; the dreamlike embodiment of the city in the minds and hearts of those who have escaped contemporary Patna's confines. Full of fascinating observations and impressions, A Matter of Rats reveals a challenging and enduring city that exerts a lasting pull on all those who drift into its orbit.

    Kumar's ruminations on one of the world's oldest cities, the capital of India's poorest province, are also a meditation on how to write about place. His memory is partial. All he has going for him is his attentiveness. He carefully observes everything that surrounds him in Patna: rats and poets, artists and politicians, a girl's picture in a historian's study, and a sheet of paper on his mother's desk. The result is this unique book, as cutting as it is honest.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376453
    Publication Date: 2014-03-10
    author-list-text: Amitava Kumar
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Amitava Kumar
    contrib-author: Amitava Kumar
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376453
    isbn-cloth: 9780822357049
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Part memoir, part travelogue, A Matter of Rats is the acclaimed writer Amitava Kumar's account of Patna, one of the world's oldest cities, the capital of India's poorest province, and the author and Vassar professor's home town.

    subtitle: A Short Biography of Patna
  • A Mother’s Cry
    Author(s): Sattamini, Lina; Nielson, Rex P.; Green, James N.; Arruda, Marcos P. S.
    Abstract:

    During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Brazil’s dictatorship arrested, tortured, and interrogated many people it suspected of subversion; hundreds of those arrested were killed in prison. In May 1970, Marcos P. S. Arruda, a young political activist, was seized in São Paulo, imprisoned, and tortured. A Mother’s Cry is the harrowing story of Marcos’s incarceration and his family’s efforts to locate him and obtain his release. Marcos’s mother, Lina Penna Sattamini, was living in the United States and working for the U.S. State Department when her son was captured. After learning of his arrest, she and her family mobilized every resource and contact to discover where he was being held, and then they launched an equally intense effort to have him released. Marcos was freed from prison in 1971. Fearing that he would be arrested and tortured again, he left the country, beginning eight years of exile.

    Lina Penna Sattamini describes her son’s tribulations through letters exchanged among family members, including Marcos, during the year that he was imprisoned. Her narrative is enhanced by Marcos’s account of his arrest, imprisonment, and torture. James N. Green’s introduction provides an overview of the political situation in Brazil, and Latin America more broadly, during that tumultuous era. In the 1990s, some Brazilians began to suggest that it would be best to forget the trauma of that era and move on. Lina Penna Sattamini wrote her memoir as a protest against historical amnesia. First published in Brazil in 2000, A Mother’s Cry is testimonial literature at its best. It conveys the experiences of a family united by love and determination during years of political repression.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822392842
    Publication Date: 2010-05-19
    author-list-text: Lina Sattamini, Rex P. Nielson and Marcos P. S. Arruda
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Lina Sattamini,
    2. Rex P. Nielson and
    3. Marcos P. S. Arruda
    contrib-author: Lina Sattamini
    contrib-editor: James N. Green
    contrib-other: Marcos P. S. Arruda
    contrib-translator: Rex P. Nielson
    copyright-year: 2010
    eisbn: 9780822392842
    illustrations-note: frontispiece
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347187
    isbn-paper: 9780822347361
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A memoir recounting a family s efforts to locate and free a young Brazilian activist arrested, imprisoned, and tortured by the military dictatorship.

    subtitle: A Memoir of Politics, Prison, and Torture under the Brazilian Military Dictatorship
  • A Narrative of Events, since the First of August, 1834, by James Williams, an Apprenticed Labourer in Jamaica
    Author(s): Williams, James; Paton, Diana; Mignolo, Walter D.; Silverblatt, Irene; Saldívar-Hull, Sonia
    Abstract:

    This book brings back into print, for the first time since the 1830s, a text that was central to the transatlantic campaign to fully abolish slavery in Britain’s colonies. James Williams, an eighteen-year-old Jamaican “apprentice” (former slave), came to Britain in 1837 at the instigation of the abolitionist Joseph Sturge. The Narrative he produced there, one of very few autobiographical texts by Caribbean slaves or former slaves, became one of the most powerful abolitionist tools for effecting the immediate end to the system of apprenticeship that had replaced slavery.

    Describing the hard working conditions on plantations and the harsh treatment of apprentices unjustly incarcerated, Williams argues that apprenticeship actually worsened the conditions of Jamaican ex-slaves: former owners, no longer legally permitted to directly punish their workers, used the Jamaican legal system as a punitive lever against them. Williams’s story documents the collaboration of local magistrates in this practice, wherein apprentices were routinely jailed and beaten for both real and imaginary infractions of the apprenticeship regulations.

    In addition to the complete text of Williams’s original Narrative, this fully annotated edition includes nineteenth-century responses to the controversy from the British and Jamaican press, as well as extensive testimony from the Commission of Enquiry that heard evidence regarding the Narrative’s claims. These fascinating and revealing documents constitute the largest extant body of direct testimony by Caribbean slaves or apprentices.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383208
    Publication Date: 2001-07-02
    author-list-text: James Williams, Walter D. Mignolo, Irene Silverblatt and Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James Williams,
    2. Walter D. Mignolo,
    3. Irene Silverblatt and
    4. Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    contrib-author: James Williams
    contrib-editor: Diana Paton
    contrib-series-editor: Walter D. Mignolo; Irene Silverblatt; Sonia Saldívar-Hull
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383208
    illustrations-note: 5 b&w photos, 2 maps, 7 figures
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326588
    isbn-paper: 9780822326472
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    Scholarly edition of a slave narrative that tells of life as an "apprentice" under the British gradual emancipation plan.

    subtitle:
  • A Nation of Realtors®
    Author(s): Hornstein, Jeffrey M.; Walkowitz, Daniel J.
    Abstract:

    How is it that in the twentieth century virtually all Americans came to think of themselves as “middle class”? In this cultural history of real estate brokerage, Jeffrey M. Hornstein argues that the rise of the Realtors as dealers in both domestic space and the ideology of home ownership provides tremendous insight into this critical question. At the dawn of the twentieth century, a group of prominent real estate brokers attempted to transform their occupation into a profession. Drawing on traditional notions of the learned professions, they developed a new identity—the professional entrepreneur—and a brand name, “Realtor.” The Realtors worked doggedly to make home ownership a central element of what became known as the “American dream.” Hornstein analyzes the internal evolution of the occupation, particularly the gender dynamics culminating in the rise of women brokers to predominance after the Second World War. At the same time, he examines the ways organized real estate brokers influenced American housing policy throughout the century.

    Hornstein draws on trade journals, government documents on housing policy, material from the archives of the National Association of Realtors and local real estate boards, demographic data, and fictional accounts of real estate agents. He chronicles the early efforts of real estate brokers to establish their profession by creating local and national boards, business practices, ethical codes, and educational programs and by working to influence laws from local zoning ordinances to national housing policy. A rich and original work of American history, A Nation of Realtors® illuminates class, gender, and business through a look at the development of a profession and its enormously successful effort to make the owner-occupied, single-family home a key element of twentieth-century American identity.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822386605
    Publication Date: 2005-04-20
    author-list-text: Jeffrey M. Hornstein and Daniel J. Walkowitz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Jeffrey M. Hornstein and
    2. Daniel J. Walkowitz
    contrib-author: Jeffrey M. Hornstein
    contrib-series-editor: Daniel J. Walkowitz
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822386605
    illustrations-note: 3 illustrations, 5 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822335283
    isbn-paper: 9780822335405
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical Perspectives
    short-abstract:

    A history of the real estate profession that rethinks the impact of gender and class tensions in twentieth-century America.

    subtitle: A Cultural History of the Twentieth-Century American Middle Class
  • A Nation Rising
    Author(s): Goodyear-Ka’opua, Noelani; Hussey, Ikaika; Wright, Erin Kahunawaika'ala
    Abstract:

    A Nation Rising chronicles the political struggles and grassroots initiatives collectively known as the Hawaiian sovereignty movement. Scholars, community organizers, journalists, and filmmakers contribute essays that explore Native Hawaiian resistance and resurgence from the 1970s to the early 2010s. Photographs and vignettes about particular activists further bring Hawaiian social movements to life. The stories and analyses of efforts to protect land and natural resources, resist community dispossession, and advance claims for sovereignty and self-determination reveal the diverse objectives and strategies, as well as the inevitable tensions, of the broad-tent sovereignty movement. The collection explores the Hawaiian political ethic of ea, which both includes and exceeds dominant notions of state-based sovereignty. A Nation Rising raises issues that resonate far beyond the Hawaiian archipelago, issues such as Indigenous cultural revitalization, environmental justice, and demilitarization.

    Contributors. Noa Emmett Aluli, Ibrahim G. Aoudé, Kekuni Blaisdell, Joan Conrow, Noelani Goodyear-Ka'opua, Edward W. Greevy, Ulla Hasager, Pauahi Ho'okano, Micky Huihui, Ikaika Hussey, Manu Ka‘iama, Le‘a Malia Kanehe, J. Kehaulani Kauanui, Anne Keala Kelly, Jacqueline Lasky, Davianna Pomaika'i McGregor, Nalani Minton, Kalamaoka'aina Niheu, Katrina-Ann R. Kapa'anaokalaokeola Nakoa Oliveira, Jonathan Kamakawiwo'ole Osorio, Leon No'eau Peralto, Kekailoa Perry, Puhipau, Noenoe K. Silva, D. Kapua‘ala Sproat, Ty P. Kawika Tengan, Mehana Blaich Vaughan, Kuhio Vogeler, Erin Kahunawaika’ala Wright

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376552
    Publication Date: 2014-08-27
    contrib-editor: Noelani Goodyear-Ka’opua; Ikaika Hussey; Erin Kahunawaika'ala Wright
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376552
    illustrations-note: 83 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356837
    isbn-paper: 9780822356950
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Narrating Native Histories
    short-abstract:

    A Nation Rising chronicles the political struggles and grassroots initiatives collectively known as the Hawaiian sovereignty movement, raising issues that resonate far beyond the Hawaiian archipelago, issues such as Indigenous cultural revitalization, environmental justice, and demilitarization.

    subtitle: Hawaiian Movements for Life, Land, and Sovereignty
  • A Nervous State
    Author(s): Hunt, Nancy Rose
    Abstract:

    In A Nervous State, Nancy Rose Hunt considers the afterlives of violence and harm in King Leopold’s Congo Free State. Discarding catastrophe as narrative form, she instead brings alive a history of colonial nervousness. This mood suffused medical investigations, security operations, and vernacular healing movements. With a heuristic of two colonial states—one "nervous," one biopolitical—the analysis alternates between medical research into birthrates, gonorrhea, and childlessness and the securitization of subaltern "therapeutic insurgencies." By the time of Belgian Congo’s famed postwar developmentalist schemes, a shining infertility clinic stood near a bleak penal colony, both sited where a notorious Leopoldian rubber company once enabled rape and mutilation. Hunt’s history bursts with layers of perceptibility and song, conveying everyday surfaces and daydreams of subalterns and colonials alike. Congolese endured and evaded forced labor and medical and security screening. Quick-witted, they stirred unease through healing, wonder, memory, and dance. This capacious medical history sheds light on Congolese sexual and musical economies, on practices of distraction, urbanity, and hedonism. Drawing on theoretical concepts from Georges Canguilhem, Georges Balandier, and Gaston Bachelard, Hunt provides a bold new framework for teasing out the complexities of colonial history.

     

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375241
    Publication Date: 2015-12-18
    author-list-text: Nancy Rose Hunt
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Nancy Rose Hunt
    contrib-author: Nancy Rose Hunt
    copyright-year: 2016
    eisbn: 9780822375241
    illustrations-note: 41 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822359463
    isbn-paper: 9780822359654
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Nancy Rose Hunt tells the affective history of the convergence of biopolitics and colonial violence in the Belgian Congo. By showing how the shifts and interactions between the biopolitical state and the nervous state drove the colonial government's actions toward the Congolese, Hunt provides a new model for theorizing colonialism.

    subtitle: Violence, Remedies, and Reverie in Colonial Congo
  • A New Criminal Type in Jakarta
    Author(s): Siegel, James T.
    Abstract:

    In A New Criminal Type in Jakarta, James T. Siegel studies the dependence of Indonesia’s post-1965 government on the ubiquitous presence of what he calls criminality, an ensemble of imagined forces within its society that is poised to tear it apart. Siegel, a foremost authority on Indonesia, interprets Suharto’s New Order—in powerful contrast to Sukarno’s Old Order—and shows a cultural and political life in Jakarta controlled by a repressive regime that has created new ideas among its population about crime, ghosts, fear, and national identity.

    Examining the links between the concept of criminality and scandal, rumor, fear, and the state, Siegel analyzes daily life in Jakarta through the seemingly disparate but strongly connected elements of family life, gossip, and sensationalist journalism. He offers close analysis of the preoccupation with crime in Pos Kota (a newspaper directed toward the lower classes) and the middle-class magazine Tempo. Because criminal activity has been a sensationalized preoccupation in Jakarta’s news venues and among its people, criminality, according to Siegel, has pervaded the identities of its ordinary citizens. Siegel examines how and why the government, fearing revolution and in an attempt to assert power, has made criminality itself a disturbing rationalization for the spectacular massacre of the people it calls criminals—many of whom were never accused of particular crimes. A New Criminal Type in Jakarta reveals that Indonesians—once united by Sukarno’s revolutionary proclamations in the name of “the people”—are now, lacking any other unifying element, united through their identification with the criminal and through a “nationalization of death” that has emerged with Suharto’s strong counter-revolutionary measures.

    A provocative introduction to contemporary Indonesia, this book will engage those interested in Southeast Asian studies, anthropology, history, political science, postcolonial studies, public culture, and cultural studies generally.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822382515
    Publication Date: 1998-07-27
    author-list-text: James T. Siegel
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James T. Siegel
    contrib-author: James T. Siegel
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822382515
    isbn-cloth: 9780822322122
    isbn-paper: 9780822322412
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The politics of New Order Jakarta and the regime’s dependence on the continued prosecution of somewhat phantasmic internal enemies.

    subtitle: Counter-Revolution Today
  • A New Deal for All?
    Author(s): Skotnes, Andor
    Abstract:

    In A New Deal for All? Andor Skotnes examines the interrelationships between the Black freedom movement and the workers' movement in Baltimore and Maryland during the Great Depression and the early years of the Second World War. Adding to the growing body of scholarship on the long civil rights struggle, he argues that such "border state" movements helped resuscitate and transform the national freedom and labor struggles. In the wake of the Great Crash of 1929, the freedom and workers' movements had to rebuild themselves, often in new forms. In the early 1930s, deepening commitments to antiracism led Communists and Socialists in Baltimore to launch racially integrated initiatives for workers' rights, the unemployed, and social justice. An organization of radicalized African American youth, the City-Wide Young People's Forum, emerged in the Black community and became involved in mass educational, anti-lynching, and Buy Where You Can Work campaigns, often in multiracial alliances with other progressives. During the later 1930s, the movements of Baltimore merged into new and renewed national organizations, especially the CIO and the NAACP, and built mass regional struggles. While this collaboration declined after the war, Skotnes shows that the earlier cooperative efforts greatly shaped national freedom campaigns to come—including the civil rights movement.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395843
    Publication Date: 2012-11-30
    author-list-text: Andor Skotnes
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Andor Skotnes
    contrib-author: Andor Skotnes
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395843
    illustrations-note: 40 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822353478
    isbn-paper: 9780822353591
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Radical perspectives
    short-abstract:

    In A New Deal for All? Andor Skotnes examines the interrelationships between the Black freedom movement and the workers' movement in Baltimore and Maryland during the Great Depression and the early years of the Second World War. Adding to the growing body of scholarship on the long civil rights struggle, he argues that such "border state" movements helped resuscitate and transform the national freedom and labor struggles.

    subtitle: Race and Class Struggles in Depression-Era Baltimore
  • A New Type of Womanhood
    Author(s): Kraus, Natasha Kirsten; Kraus, Natasha Kirsten
    Abstract:

    In A New Type of Womanhood, Natasha Kirsten Kraus retells the history of the 1850s woman’s rights movement. She traces how the movement changed society’s very conception of “womanhood” in its successful bid for economic rights and rights of contract for married women. Kraus demonstrates that this discursive change was a necessary condition of possibility for U.S. women to be popularly conceived as civil subjects within a Western democracy, and she shows that many rights, including suffrage, followed from the basic right to form legal contracts. She analyzes this new conception of women as legitimate economic actors in relation to antebellum economic and demographic changes as well as changes in the legal structure and social meanings of contract.

    Enabling Kraus’s retelling of the 1850s woman’s rights movement is her theory of “structural aporias,” which takes the institutional structures of any particular society as fully imbricated with the force of language. Kraus reads the antebellum relations of womanhood, contract, property, the economy, and the nation as a fruitful site for analysis of the interconnected power of language, culture, and the law. She combines poststructural theory, particularly deconstructive approaches to discourse analysis; the political economic history of the antebellum era; and the interpretation of archival documents, including woman’s rights speeches, petitions, pamphlets, and convention proceedings, as well as state legislative debates, reports, and constitutional convention proceedings. Arguing that her method provides critical insight not only into social movements and cultural changes of the past but also of the present and future, Kraus concludes A New Type of Womanhood by considering the implications of her theory for contemporary feminist and queer politics.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390046
    Publication Date: 2008-07-28
    author-list-text: Natasha Kirsten Kraus and Natasha Kirsten Kraus
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Natasha Kirsten Kraus and
    2. Natasha Kirsten Kraus
    contrib-author: Natasha Kirsten Kraus; Natasha Kirsten Kraus
    copyright-year: 2008
    eisbn: 9780822390046
    illustrations-note: 10 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343332
    isbn-paper: 9780822343684
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Sociological analysis of the ideology and the reality of True Womanhood as manifest in 19th century NY state culture and politics, as well as those feminist protests and legislative-/market-developments which revised this contradiction.

    subtitle: Discursive Politics and Social Change in Antebellum America
  • A Not So Foreign Affair
    Author(s): Slane, Andrea
    Abstract:

    In A Not So Foreign Affair Andrea Slane investigates the influence of images of Nazism on debates about sexuality that are central to contemporary American political rhetoric. By analyzing an array of films, journalism, scholarly theories, melodrama, video, and propaganda literature, Slane describes a common rhetoric that emerged during the 1930s and 1940s as a means of distinguishing “democratic sexuality” from that ascribed to Nazi Germany.

    World War II marked a turning point in the cultural rhetoric of democracy, Slane claims, because it intensified a preoccupation with the political role of private life and pushed sexuality to the center of democratic discourse. Having created tremendous anxiety—and fascination—in American culture, Nazism became associated with promiscuity, sexual perversionand the destruction of the family. Slane reveals how this particular imprint of fascism is used in progressive as well as conservative imagery and language to further their domestic agendas and shows how our cultural engagement with Nazism reflects the inherent tension in democracy between the value of diversity, individual freedoms national identity, and notions of the common good. Finally, she applies her analysis of wartime narratives to contemporary texts, examining anti-abortion, anti-gay, and anti-federal rhetoric, as well as the psychic life of skinheads, censorship debates, and the contemporary fascination with incest.

    An invaluable resource for understanding the language we use—both visual and narrative—to describe and debate democracy in the United States today, A Not So Foreign Affair will appeal to those interested in cultural studies, film and video studies, American studies, twentieth century history, German studies, rhetoric, and sexuality studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380849
    Publication Date: 2001-05-01
    author-list-text: Andrea Slane
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Andrea Slane
    contrib-author: Andrea Slane
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380849
    illustrations-note: 21 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326847
    isbn-paper: 9780822326939
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    An examination of how the aesthetics of Nazi Germany have been deployed to help define the place of sexuality in U.S. political and popular culture.

    subtitle: Fascism, Sexuality, and the Cultural Rhetoric of American Democracy
  • A Place in Politics
    Author(s): Woodard, James
    Abstract:

    A Place in Politics is a thorough reinterpretation of the politics and political culture of the Brazilian state of São Paulo between the 1890s and the 1930s. The world’s foremost coffee-producing region from the outset of this period and home to more than six million people by 1930, São Paulo was an economic and demographic giant. In an era marked by political conflict and dramatic social and cultural change in Brazil, nowhere were the conflicts as intense or changes more dramatic than in São Paulo. The southeastern state was the site of the country’s most important political developments, from the contested presidential campaign of 1909–10 to the massive military revolt of 1924. Drawing on a wide array of source materials, James P. Woodard analyzes these events and the republican political culture that informed them.

    Woodard’s fine-grained political history proceeds chronologically from the final years of the nineteenth century, when São Paulo’s leaders enjoyed political preeminence within the federal system codified by the Constitution of 1891, through the mass mobilization of 1931–32, in which São Paulo’s people marched, rioted, and eventually took up arms against the national government in what was to be Brazil’s last great regionalist revolt. In taking to the streets in the name of their state, constitutionalism, and the “civilization” that they identified with both, the people of São Paulo were at once expressing their allegiance to elements of a regionally distinct political culture and converging on a broader, more participatory public sphere that had arisen amid the political conflicts of the preceding decades.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822389453
    Publication Date: 2009-03-25
    author-list-text: James Woodard
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James Woodard
    contrib-author: James Woodard
    copyright-year: 2009
    eisbn: 9780822389453
    illustrations-note: 4 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822343462
    isbn-paper: 9780822343295
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    An analysis of the emergence of a distinct political culture in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, during the first three decades of the twentieth century.

    subtitle: São Paulo, Brazil, from Seigneurial Republicanism to Regionalist Revolt
  • A Primer for Teaching World History
    Author(s): Burton, Antoinette
    Abstract:

    A Primer for Teaching World History is a guide for college and high school teachers who are designing an introductory-level world history syllabus for the first time, for those who already teach world history and are seeking new ideas or approaches, and for those who train future teachers to prepare any history course with a global or transnational focus. Drawing on her own classroom practices, as well as her career as a historian, Antoinette Burton offers a set of principles to help instructors think about how to design their courses with specific goals in mind, whatever those may be. She encourages teachers to envision the world history syllabus as having an architecture: a fundamental, underlying structure or interpretive focus that runs throughout the course, shaping students' experiences, offering pathways in and out of "the global," and reflecting the teacher's convictions about the world and the work of history.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822395089
    Publication Date: 2011-12-20
    author-list-text: Antoinette Burton
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Antoinette Burton
    contrib-author: Antoinette Burton
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822395089
    isbn-cloth: 9780822351740
    isbn-paper: 9780822351887
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Design Principles for Teaching History
    short-abstract:

    This book offers principles to consider when creating a world history syllabus; it prompts a teacher, rather than aiming for full world coverage, to pick an interpretive focus and thread it through the course. It will be used by university faculty, graduate students, and high school teachers who are teaching world history for the first time or want to rethink their approach to teaching the subject.

    subtitle: Ten Design Principles
  • A Reference Guide to Medicinal Plants
    Author(s): Crellin, John K.; Philpott, Jane
    Abstract:

    Reissued as a companion edition to Trying to Give Ease: Tommie Bass and the Story of Herbal Medicine, this illustrated reference guide covers over 700 medicinal plants, of which more than 150 are readily obtainable in health food stores and other outlets. Based on the Appalachian herbal practice of the late A. L. "Tommie" Bass, each account of a plant includes the herbalist’s comment, an assessment of the plant’s efficacy, and current information on its chemical constituents and pharmacological effects. Unlike most herbal guides, this is a comprehensive, fully documented reference work that interweaves scientific evaluation with folkloric use.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822379690
    Publication Date: 2012-08-01
    author-list-text: John K. Crellin and Jane Philpott
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. John K. Crellin and
    2. Jane Philpott
    contrib-author: John K. Crellin; Jane Philpott
    copyright-year: 1997
    eisbn: 9780822379690
    isbn-cloth: 9780822308799
    isbn-paper: 9780822310198
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    subtitle: Herbal Medicine Past and Present
  • A Revolution for Our Rights
    Author(s): Gotkowitz, Laura
    Abstract:

    A Revolution for Our Rights is a critical reassessment of the causes and significance of the Bolivian Revolution of 1952. Historians have tended to view the revolution as the result of class-based movements that accompanied the rise of peasant leagues, mineworker unions, and reformist political projects in the 1930s. Laura Gotkowitz argues that the revolution had deeper roots in the indigenous struggles for land and justice that swept through Bolivia during the first half of the twentieth century. Challenging conventional wisdom, she demonstrates that rural indigenous activists fundamentally reshaped the military populist projects of the 1930s and 1940s. In so doing, she chronicles a hidden rural revolution—before the revolution of 1952—that fused appeals for equality with demands for a radical reconfiguration of political power, landholding, and rights.

    Gotkowitz combines an emphasis on national political debates and congresses with a sharply focused analysis of Indian communities and large estates in the department of Cochabamba. The fragmented nature of Cochabamba’s Indian communities and the pioneering significance of its peasant unions make it a propitious vantage point for exploring contests over competing visions of the nation, justice, and rights. Scrutinizing state authorities’ efforts to impose the law in what was considered a lawless countryside, Gotkowitz shows how, time and again, indigenous activists shrewdly exploited the ambiguous status of the state’s pro-Indian laws to press their demands for land and justice. Bolivian indigenous and social movements have captured worldwide attention during the past several years. By describing indigenous mobilization in the decades preceding the revolution of 1952, A Revolution for Our Rights illuminates a crucial chapter in the long history behind present-day struggles in Bolivia and contributes to an understanding of indigenous politics in modern Latin America more broadly.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822390121
    Publication Date: 2008-01-30
    author-list-text: Laura Gotkowitz
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Laura Gotkowitz
    contrib-author: Laura Gotkowitz
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822390121
    illustrations-note: 26 b&w photos, 4 maps
    isbn-cloth: 9780822340492
    isbn-paper: 9780822340676
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Analyzes struggles over citizenship and nationhood in Bolivia, following the fate of subaltern projects for political inclusion and asking why ethnic/racial claims were more effectively incorporated into the revolutionary agenda than were gender demands.

    subtitle: Indigenous Struggles for Land and Justice in Bolivia, 1880–1952
  • A Rhetoric of Bourgeois Revolution
    Author(s): Sewell Jr., William H
    Abstract:

    What Is the Third Estate? was the most influential pamphlet of 1789. It did much to set the French Revolution on a radically democratic course. It also launched its author, the Abbé Sieyes, on a remarkable political career that spanned the entire revolutionary decade. Sieyes both opened the revolution by authoring the National Assembly’s declaration of sovereignty in June of 1789 and closed it in 1799 by engineering Napoleon Bonaparte’s coup d’état.

    This book studies the powerful rhetoric of the great pamphlet and the brilliant but enigmatic thought of its author. William H. Sewell’s insightful analysis reveals the fundamental role played by the new discourse of political economy in Sieyes’s thought and uncovers the strategies by which this gifted rhetorician gained the assent of his intended readers—educated and prosperous bourgeois who felt excluded by the nobility in the hierarchical social order of the old regime. He also probes the contradictions and incoherencies of the pamphlet’s highly polished text to reveal fissures that reach to the core of Sieyes’s thought—and to the core of the revolutionary project itself.

    Combining techniques of intellectual history and literary analysis with a deep understanding of French social and political history, Sewell not only fashions an illuminating portrait of a crucial political document, but outlines a fresh perspective on the history of revolutionary political culture.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396000
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: William H Sewell Jr.
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. William H Sewell Jr.
    contrib-author: William H Sewell Jr.
    copyright-year: 1994
    eisbn: 9780822396000
    isbn-cloth: 9780822315285
    isbn-paper: 9780822315384
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Bicentennial reflections on the French Revolution
    subtitle: The Abbé Sieyes and What is the Third Estate?
  • A Rock Garden in the South
    Author(s): Lawrence, Elizabeth; Goodwin, Nancy; Lacy, Allen
    Abstract:

    As readers and critics around the country agree, any new book by the renowned garden writer Elizabeth Lawrence is like finding a buried treasure. A Rock Garden in the South will not disappoint. Released posthumously, this book is not only a welcome addition to the Lawrence canon, but fills an important gap in the garden literature on the middle South.

    Lawrence, in her usual exquisite prose, deals with the full range of rock gardening topics in this work. She addresses the unique problem of cultivating rock gardens in the South, where the growing season is prolonged and humidity and heat are not conducive to such planting. She describes her own experiences in making a rock garden, with excellent advice on placing stones, constructing steps, ordering plants, and making cuttings.

    At the same time, what she writes about here is in large part of interest to gardeners everywhere and for gardens with or without rocks. As always, she thoroughly discusses the plants she has tried—recommending bulbs and other perennials of all sorts, annuals, and woody plants—with poetic descriptions of the plants themselves as well as specific and useful cultural advice. A Rock Garden in the South includes an encyclopedia of plants alphabetized by genus and species and divided into two parts: wood and non-woody plants.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822378686
    Publication Date: 2012-09-01
    author-list-text: Elizabeth Lawrence
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Elizabeth Lawrence
    contrib-author: Elizabeth Lawrence
    contrib-editor: Nancy Goodwin; Allen Lacy
    copyright-year: 1990
    eisbn: 9780822378686
    isbn-cloth: 9780822309864
    isbn-paper: 9780822357759
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Available in paperback for the first time, this book features the avid gardener and beloved writer Elizabeth Lawrence's thoughts on rock gardening.

    subtitle:
  • A Sentimental Education for the Working Man
    Author(s): Buffington, Robert M.
    Abstract:

    In A Sentimental Education for the Working Man Robert Buffington reconstructs the complex, shifting, and contradictory ideas about working-class masculinity in early twentieth-century Mexico City. He argues that from 1900 to 1910, the capital’s satirical penny press provided working-class readers with alternative masculine scripts that were more realistic about their lives, more responsive to their concerns, and more representative of their culture than anything proposed by elite social reformers and Porfirian officials. The penny press shared elite concerns about the destructive vices of working-class men, and urged them to be devoted husbands, responsible citizens, and diligent workers; but it also used biting satire to recast negative portrayals of working-class masculinity and to overturn established social hierarchies. In this challenge to the "macho" stereotype of working-class Mexican men, Buffington shows how the penny press contributed to the formation of working-class consciousness, facilitated the imagining of a Mexican national community, and validated working-class men as modern citizens.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375579
    Publication Date: 2015-04-27
    author-list-text: Robert M. Buffington
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Robert M. Buffington
    contrib-author: Robert M. Buffington
    copyright-year: 2015
    eisbn: 9780822375579
    illustrations-note: 36 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358992
    isbn-paper: 9780822358824
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Analyzing the satirical Mexico City penny press from 1900 to 1910, Robert M. Buffington argues that the press offered its working-class readers alternative masculine scripts that they could adopt to challenge social hierarchies.

    subtitle: The Mexico City Penny Press, 1900-1910
  • A Small Boy and Others
    Author(s): Moon, Michael
    Abstract:

    In A Small Boy and Others, Michael Moon makes a vital contributon to our understanding of the dynamics of sexuality and identity in modern American culture. He explores a wide array of literary, artistic, and theatrical performances ranging from the memoirs of Henry James and the dances of Vaslav Nijinsky to the Pop paintings of Andy Warhol and such films as Midnight Cowboy, Blue Velvet, and Jack Smith’s Flaming Creatures.

    Moon illuminates the careers of James, Warhol, and others by examining the imaginative investments of their protogay childhoods in their work in ways that enable new, more complex cultural readings. He deftly engages notions of initiation and desire not within the traditional framework of “sexual orientation” but through the disorienting effects of imitation. Whether invoking the artist Joseph Cornell’s early fascination with the Great Houdini or turning his attention to James’s self-described “initiation into style” at the age of twelve—when he first encountered the homoerotic imagery in paintings by David, Géricault, and Girodet—Moon reveals how the works of these artists emerge from an engagement that is obsessive to the point of “queerness.”

    Rich in historical detail and insistent in its melding of the recent with the remote, the literary with the visual, the popular with the elite, A Small Boy and Others presents a hitherto unimagined tradition of brave and outrageous queer invention. This long-awaited contribution from Moon will be welcomed by all those engaged in literary, cultural, and queer studies.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822396024
    Publication Date: 2012-06-01
    author-list-text: Michael Moon
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Michael Moon
    contrib-author: Michael Moon
    copyright-year: 1998
    eisbn: 9780822396024
    illustrations-note: 17 b&w photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822321613
    isbn-paper: 9780822321736
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Series Q
    subtitle: Imitation and Initiation in American Culture from Henry James to Andy Warhol
  • A Small World
    Author(s): Heckman, Davin
    Abstract:

    Conceived in the 1960s, Walt Disney’s original plans for his Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow (EPCOT) outlined a utopian laboratory for domestic technology, where families would live, work, and play in an integrated environment. Like many of his contemporaries, Disney imagined homes that would attend to their inhabitants’ every need, and he regarded the home as a site of unending technological progress. This fixation on “space-age” technology, with its promise of domestic bliss, marked an important mid-twentieth-century shift in understandings of the American home. In A Small World, Davin Heckman considers how domestic technologies that free people to enjoy leisure time in the home have come to be understood as necessary parts of everyday life.

    Heckman’s narrative stretches from the early-twentieth-century introduction into the home of electric appliances and industrial time-management techniques, through the postwar advent of television and the space-age “house of tomorrow,” to the contemporary automated, networked “smart home.” He considers all these developments in relation to lifestyle and consumer narratives. Building on the tension between agency and control within the walls of homes designed to anticipate and fulfill desires, Heckman engages debates about lifestyle, posthumanism, and rights under the destabilizing influences of consumer technologies, and he considers the utopian and dystopian potential of new media forms. Heckman argues that the achievement of an environment completely attuned to its inhabitants’ specific wants and needs—what he calls the “Perfect Day”—institutionalizes everyday life as the ultimate consumer practice.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822388845
    Publication Date: 2008-02-21
    author-list-text: Davin Heckman
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Davin Heckman
    contrib-author: Davin Heckman
    copyright-year: 2007
    eisbn: 9780822388845
    illustrations-note: 24 illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822341345
    isbn-paper: 9780822341581
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A look at how domestic technologies that free people to enjoy leisure time in the home have come to be understood as necessary parts of everyday life.

    subtitle: Smart Houses and the Dream of the Perfect Day
  • A Social History of Iranian Cinema, Volume 1
    Author(s): Naficy, Hamid
    Abstract:

    Hamid Naficy is one of the world’s leading authorities on Iranian film, and A Social History of Iranian Cinema is his magnum opus. Covering the late nineteenth century to the early twenty-first and addressing documentaries, popular genres, and art films, it explains Iran’s peculiar cinematic production modes, as well as the role of cinema and media in shaping modernity and a modern national identity in Iran. This comprehensive social history unfolds across four volumes, each of which can be appreciated on its own.

    Volume 1 depicts and analyzes the early years of Iranian cinema. Film was introduced in Iran in 1900, three years after the country’s first commercial film exhibitor saw the new medium in Great Britain. An artisanal cinema industry sponsored by the ruling shahs and other elites soon emerged. The presence of women, both on the screen and in movie houses, proved controversial until 1925, when Reza Shah Pahlavi dissolved the Qajar dynasty. Ruling until 1941, Reza Shah implemented a Westernization program intended to unite, modernize, and secularize his multicultural, multilingual, and multiethnic country. Cinematic representations of a fast-modernizing Iran were encouraged, the veil was outlawed, and dandies flourished. At the same time, photography, movie production, and movie houses were tightly controlled. Film production ultimately proved marginal to state formation. Only four silent feature films were produced in Iran; of the five Persian-language sound features shown in the country before 1941, four were made by an Iranian expatriate in India.

    A Social History of Iranian Cinema Volume 1: The Artisanal Era, 1897–1941Volume 2: The Industrializing Years, 1941–1978Volume 3: The Islamicate Period, 1978–1984Volume 4: The Globalizing Era, 1984–2010

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393009
    Publication Date: 2011-08-01
    author-list-text: Hamid Naficy
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Hamid Naficy
    contrib-author: Hamid Naficy
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393009
    illustrations-note: 74 illustrations, 1 table
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347545
    isbn-paper: 9780822347750
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Social history of Iranian cinema that explores cinema's role in creating national identity and contextualizes Iranian cinema within an international arena. The first volume focuses on silent era cinema and the transition to sound.

    subtitle: The Artisanal Era, 1897–1941
  • A Social History of Iranian Cinema, Volume 2
    Author(s): Naficy, Hamid
    Abstract:

    Hamid Naficy is one of the world’s leading authorities on Iranian film, and A Social History of Iranian Cinema is his magnum opus. Covering the late nineteenth century to the early twenty-first and addressing documentaries, popular genres, and art films, it explains Iran’s peculiar cinematic production modes, as well as the role of cinema and media in shaping modernity and a modern national identity in Iran. This comprehensive social history unfolds across four volumes, each of which can be appreciated on its own.

    Volume 2 spans the period of Mohammad Reza Shah’s rule, from 1941 until 1978. During this time Iranian cinema flourished and became industrialized, at its height producing more than ninety films each year. The state was instrumental in building the infrastructures of the cinema and television industries, and it instituted a vast apparatus of censorship and patronage. During the Second World War the Allied powers competed to control the movies shown in Iran. In the following decades, two distinct indigenous cinemas emerged. The more popular, traditional, and commercial filmfarsi movies included tough-guy films and the “stewpot” genre of melodrama, with plots reflecting the rapid changes in Iranian society. The new-wave cinema was a smaller but more influential cinema of dissent, made mostly by foreign-trained filmmakers and modernist writers opposed to the regime. Ironically, the state both funded and censored much of the new-wave cinema, which grew bolder in its criticism as state authoritarianism consolidated. A vital documentary cinema also developed in the prerevolutionary era.

    A Social History of Iranian Cinema Volume 1: The Artisanal Era, 1897–1941Volume 2: The Industrializing Years, 1941–1978Volume 3: The Islamicate Period, 1978–1984Volume 4: The Globalizing Era, 1984–2010

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393016
    Publication Date: 2011-08-26
    author-list-text: Hamid Naficy
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Hamid Naficy
    contrib-author: Hamid Naficy
    copyright-year: 2011
    eisbn: 9780822393016
    illustrations-note: 83 photographs, 7 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822347552
    isbn-paper: 9780822347743
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Social history of Iranian cinema that explores cinema's role in creating national identity and contextualizes Iranian cinema within an international arena.

    subtitle: The Industrializing Years, 1941–1978
  • A Social History of Iranian Cinema, Volume 3
    Author(s): Naficy, Hamid
    Abstract:

    Hamid Naficy is one of the world’s leading authorities on Iranian film, and A Social History of Iranian Cinema is his magnum opus. Covering the late nineteenth century to the early twenty-first and addressing documentaries, popular genres, and art films, it explains Iran’s peculiar cinematic production modes, as well as the role of cinema and media in shaping modernity and a modern national identity in Iran. This comprehensive social history unfolds across four volumes, each of which can be appreciated on its own.

    In Volume 3, Naficy assesses the profound effects of the Islamic Revolution on Iran's cinema and film industry. Throughout the book, he uses the term Islamicate, rather than Islamic, to indicate that the values of the postrevolutionary state, culture, and cinema were informed not only by Islam but also by Persian traditions. Naficy examines documentary films made to record events prior to, during, and in the immediate aftermath of the revolution. He describes how certain institutions and individuals, including prerevolutionary cinema and filmmakers, were associated with the Pahlavi regime, the West, and modernity and therefore perceived as corrupt and immoral. Many of the nation's moviehouses were burned down. Prerevolutionary films were subject to strict review and often banned, to be replaced with films commensurate with Islamicate values. Filmmakers and entertainers were thrown out of the industry, exiled, imprisoned, and even executed. Yet, out of this revolutionary turmoil, an extraordinary Islamicate cinema and film culture emerged. Naficy traces its development and explains how Iran's long war with Iraq, the gendered segregation of space, and the imposition of the veil on women encouraged certain ideological and aesthetic trends in film and related media. Finally, he discusses the structural, administrative, and regulatory measures that helped to institutionalize the new evolving cinema.

    A Social History of Iranian Cinema Volume 1: The Artisanal Era, 1897–1941Volume 2: The Industrializing Years, 1941–1978Volume 3: The Islamicate Period, 1978–1984Volume 4: The Globalizing Era, 1984–2010

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393535
    Publication Date: 2012-04-06
    author-list-text: Hamid Naficy
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Hamid Naficy
    contrib-author: Hamid Naficy
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822393535
    illustrations-note: 42 illustrations, 8 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348658
    isbn-paper: 9780822348771
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    The third volume of this sweeping series covers the period of the Islamic Revolution and its immediate aftermath. Naficy details the destruction of Iran s movie theaters by Revolutionaries, the attempts of amateur and professional filmmakers to capture the action of the Revolution on film in real time, and the post-Revolutionary consolidation of the film industry.

    subtitle: The Islamicate Period, 1978–1984
  • A Social History of Iranian Cinema, Volume 4
    Author(s): Naficy, Hamid
    Abstract:

    Hamid Naficy is one of the world's leading authorities on Iranian film, and A Social History of Iranian Cinema is his magnum opus. Covering the late nineteenth century to the early twenty-first and addressing documentaries, popular genres, and art films, it explains Iran's peculiar cinematic production modes, as well as the role of cinema and media in shaping modernity and a modern national identity in Iran. This comprehensive social history unfolds across four volumes, each of which can be appreciated on its own.

    The extraordinary efflorescence in Iranian film, TV, and the new media since the consolidation of the Islamic Revolution animates Volume 4. During this time, documentary films proliferated. Many filmmakers took as their subject the revolution and the bloody eight-year war with Iraq; others critiqued postrevolution society. The strong presence of women on screen and behind the camera led to a dynamic women's cinema. A dissident art-house cinema—involving some of the best Pahlavi-era new-wave directors and a younger generation of innovative postrevolution directors—placed Iranian cinema on the map of world cinemas, bringing prestige to Iranians at home and abroad. A struggle over cinema, media, culture, and, ultimately, the legitimacy of the Islamic Republic, emerged and intensified. The media became a contested site of public diplomacy as the Islamic Republic regime as well as foreign governments antagonistic to it sought to harness Iranian popular culture and media toward their own ends, within and outside of Iran. The broad international circulation of films made in Iran and its diaspora, the vast dispersion of media-savvy filmmakers abroad, and new filmmaking and communication technologies helped to globalize Iranian cinema.

    A Social History of Iranian Cinema Volume 1: The Artisanal Era, 1897–1941Volume 2: The Industrializing Years, 1941–1978Volume 3: The Islamicate Period, 1978–1984Volume 4: The Globalizing Era, 1984–2010

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822393542
    Publication Date: 2012-11-01
    author-list-text: Hamid Naficy
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Hamid Naficy
    contrib-author: Hamid Naficy
    copyright-year: 2012
    eisbn: 9780822393542
    illustrations-note: 112 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822348665
    isbn-paper: 9780822348788
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: e-Duke books scholarly collection.
    short-abstract:

    In the fourth and final volume of A History of Iranian Cinema, Hamid Naficy looks at the extraordinary efflorescence in Iranian film and other visual media since the Islamic Revolution.

    subtitle: The Globalizing Era, 1984–2010
  • A Social Laboratory for Modern France
    Author(s): Horne, Janet R.
    Abstract:

    As a nineteenth-century think tank that sought answers to France’s pressing “social question,” the Musée Social reached across political lines to forge a reformist alliance founded on an optimistic faith in social science. In A Social Laboratory for Modern France Janet R. Horne presents the story of this institution, offering a nuanced explanation of how, despite centuries of deep ideological division, the French came to agree on the basic premises of their welfare state.

    Horne explains how Musée founders believed—and convinced others to believe—that the Third Republic would carry out the social mission of the French Revolution and create a new social contract for modern France, one based on the rights of citizenship and that assumed collective responsibility for the victims of social change. Challenging the persistent notion of the Third Republic as the stagnant backwater of European social reform, Horne instead depicts the intellectually sophisticated and progressive political culture of a generation that laid the groundwork for the rise of a hybrid welfare system, characterized by a partnership between private agencies and government. With a focus on the cultural origins of turn-of-the-century thought—including religion, republicanism, liberalism, solidarism, and early sociology—A Social Laboratory for Modern France demonstrates how French reformers grappled with social problems that are still of the utmost relevance today and how they initiated a process that gave the welfare state the task of achieving social cohesion within an industrializing republic.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822383246
    Publication Date: 2001-12-21
    author-list-text: Janet R. Horne
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Janet R. Horne
    contrib-author: Janet R. Horne
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822383246
    illustrations-note: 15 b&w photos, 2 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822327820
    isbn-paper: 9780822327929
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Documents the early days of the French welfare state through the Musée Social, an early think tank.

    subtitle: The Musée Social and the Rise of the Welfare State
  • A Tale of Two Murders
    Author(s): Farr, James R.
    Abstract:

    As scandalous as any modern-day celebrity murder trial, the “Giroux affair” was a maelstrom of intrigue, encompassing daggers, poison, adultery, archenemies, servants, royalty, and legal proceedings that reached the pinnacle of seventeenth-century French society. In 1638 Philippe Giroux, a judge in the highest royal court of Burgundy, allegedly murdered his equally powerful cousin, Pierre Baillet, and Baillet’s valet, Philibert Neugot. The murders were all the more shocking because they were surrounded by accusations (particularly that Giroux had been carrying on a passionate affair with Baillet’s wife), conspiracy theories (including allegations that Giroux tried to poison his mother-in-law), and unexplained deaths (Giroux’s wife and her physician died under suspicious circumstances). The trial lasted from 1639 until 1643 and came to involve many of the most distinguished and influential men in France, among them the prince of Condé, Henri II Bourbon; the prime minister, Cardinal Richelieu; and King Louis XIII.

    James R. Farr reveals the Giroux affair not only as a riveting murder mystery but also as an illuminating point of entry into the dynamics of power, justice, and law in seventeenth-century France. Drawing on the voluminous trial records, Farr uses Giroux’s experience in the court system to trace the mechanisms of power—both the formal power vested by law in judicial officials and the informal power exerted by the nobility through patron-client relationships. He does not take a position on Giroux’s guilt or innocence. Instead, he allows readers to draw their own conclusions about who did what to whom on that ill-fated evening in 1638.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822387145
    Publication Date: 2005-09-07
    author-list-text: James R. Farr
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. James R. Farr
    contrib-author: James R. Farr
    copyright-year: 2005
    eisbn: 9780822387145
    illustrations-note: 15 b&w photos, 1 figure
    isbn-cloth: 9780822334590
    isbn-paper: 9780822334712
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    A compelling account of a 17th-century murder mystery and a well-researched scholarly work that explores the dynamics of power, justice, and law in Louis XIII's France.

    subtitle: Passion and Power in Seventeenth-Century France
  • A Taste for Brown Sugar
    Author(s): Miller-Young, Mireille
    Abstract:

    A Taste for Brown Sugar boldly takes on representations of black women's sexuality in the porn industry. It is based on Mireille Miller-Young's extensive archival research and her interviews with dozens of women who have worked in the adult entertainment industry since the 1980s. The women share their thoughts about desire and eroticism, black women's sexuality and representation, and ambition and the need to make ends meet. Miller-Young documents their interventions into the complicated history of black women's sexuality, looking at individual choices, however small—a costume, a gesture, an improvised line—as small acts of resistance, of what she calls "illicit eroticism." Building on the work of other black feminist theorists, and contributing to the field of sex work studies, she seeks to expand discussion of black women's sexuality to include their eroticism and desires, as well as their participation and representation in the adult entertainment industry. Miller-Young wants the voices of black women sex workers heard, and the decisions they make, albeit often within material and industrial constraints, recognized as their own.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822375913
    Publication Date: 2014-10-30
    author-list-text: Mireille Miller-Young
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Mireille Miller-Young
    contrib-author: Mireille Miller-Young
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822375913
    illustrations-note: 40 color illustrations
    isbn-cloth: 9780822358145
    isbn-paper: 9780822358282
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    short-abstract:

    Based on extensive archival and ethnographic research on dozens of women who have worked in adult entertainment since the 1980s, A Taste for Brown Sugar boldly takes on representations of black women’s sexuality in the porn industry.

    subtitle: Black Women in Pornography
  • A Time for Tea
    Author(s): Chatterjee, Piya
    Abstract:

    In this creative, ethnographic, and historical critique of labor practices on an Indian plantation, Piya Chatterjee provides a sophisticated examination of the production, consumption, and circulation of tea. A Time for Tea reveals how the female tea-pluckers seen in advertisements—picturesque women in mist-shrouded fields—came to symbolize the heart of colonialism in India. Chatterjee exposes how this image has distracted from terrible working conditions, low wages, and coercive labor practices enforced by the patronage system.

    Allowing personal, scholarly, and artistic voices to speak in turn and in tandem, Chatterjee discusses the fetishization of women who labor under colonial, postcolonial, and now neofeudal conditions. In telling the overarching story of commodity and empire, A Time for Tea demonstrates that at the heart of these narratives of travel, conquest, and settlement are compelling stories of women workers. While exploring the global and political dimensions of local practices of gendered labor, Chatterjee also reflects on the privileges and paradoxes of her own “decolonization” as a Third World feminist anthropologist. The book concludes with an extended reflection on the cultures of hierarchy, power, and difference in the plantation’s villages. It explores the overlapping processes by which gender, caste, and ethnicity constitute the interlocked patronage system of villages and their fields of labor. The tropes of coercion, consent, and resistance are threaded through the discussion.

    A Time for Tea will appeal to anthropologists and historians, South Asianists, and those interested in colonialism, postcolonialism, labor studies, and comparative or international feminism.

    Designated a John Hope Franklin Center book by the John Hope Franklin Seminar Group on Race, Religion, and Globalization.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822380153
    Publication Date: 2001-11-08
    author-list-text: Piya Chatterjee
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Piya Chatterjee
    contrib-author: Piya Chatterjee
    copyright-year: 2001
    eisbn: 9780822380153
    illustrations-note: 27 b&w photos, 6 tables
    isbn-cloth: 9780822326793
    isbn-paper: 9780822326748
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: a John Hope Franklin Center Book
    short-abstract:

    An innovative ethnography of the production, circulation, and consumption of tea, centered on the lives of the mostly women workers who produce it.

    subtitle: Women, Labor, and Post/Colonial Politics on an Indian Plantation
  • A View from the Bottom
    Author(s): Nguyen, Tan Hoang
    Abstract:

    A View from the Bottom offers a major critical reassessment of male effeminacy and its racialization in visual culture. Examining portrayals of Asian and Asian American men in Hollywood cinema, European art film, gay pornography, and experimental documentary, Nguyen Tan Hoang explores the cultural meanings that accrue to sexual positions. He shows how cultural fantasies around the position of the sexual "bottom" overdetermine and refract the meanings of race, gender, sexuality, and nationality in American culture in ways that both enable and constrain Asian masculinity. Challenging the association of bottoming with passivity and abjection, Nguyen suggests ways of thinking about the bottom position that afford agency and pleasure. A more capacious conception of bottomhood—as a sexual position, a social alliance, an affective bond, and an aesthetic form—has the potential to destabilize sexual, gender, and racial norms, suggesting an ethical mode of relation organized not around dominance and mastery but around the risk of vulnerability and shame. Thus reconceived, bottomhood as a critical category creates new possibilities for arousal, receptiveness, and recognition, and offers a new framework for analyzing sexual representations in cinema as well as understanding their relation to oppositional political projects.

    DOI: 10.1215/9780822376606
    Publication Date: 2014-07-28
    author-list-text: Tan Hoang Nguyen
    author-list-xhtml:
    1. Tan Hoang Nguyen
    contrib-author: Tan Hoang Nguyen
    copyright-year: 2014
    eisbn: 9780822376606
    illustrations-note: 39 photographs
    isbn-cloth: 9780822356721
    isbn-paper: 9780822356844
    publisher-name: Duke University Press
    series: Perverse modernities
    short-abstract:

    Rather than using displays of masculinity to counter portrayals of Asian American men as passive and effeminate, Nguyen Tan Hoang develops a concept of bottomhood that opens up political alliances based on risk, vulnerability, and receptiveness.

    subtitle: Asian American Masculinity and Sexual Representation

Duke University Press, 905 W Main St, Suite 18B, Durham, NC 27701, Telephone: 919-688-5134, Toll-Free US: 888-651-0122